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1.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1270-1277, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998751

ABSTRACT

Background The human body is usually exposed to a variety of heavy metals at the same time, and different types and concentrations of heavy metals may have complex interactions during their absorption and metabolism in the human body. Seminal fructose is an important energy source for sperm movement. A large number of studies have shown that metal exposure may impair semen quality, and seminal fructose is an important factor affecting male reproduction, so it is necessary to investigate the relationship between mixed heavy metal exposure and seminal fructose to explore the mechanism of semen quality damage caused by metal exposure. Objective To understand the status of common heavy metal exposure in men of childbearing age in Puyang City, Henan Province, and to study the relationship between mixed exposure to heavy metals and seminal fructose, as well as potential interactions among heavy metals. Methods Volunteers were recruited from the Puyang Maternal and Child Health Hospital Reproductive Center for a cross-sectional survey on general demographic characteristics, smoking, alcohol consumption, and other information. Semen samples were collected to detect 12 metals such as vanadium (V), manganese (Mn), cobalt (Co), nickel (Ni), zinc (Zn), selenium (Se), silver (Ag), cadmium (Cd), barium (Ba), thallium (Tl), iron (Fe), and lead (Pb) in seminal plasma and seminal fructose. After correcting for selected confounding factors, a Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) model was used to evaluate the impact of seminal plasma heavy metal mixed exposure and its interactions on seminal fructose. Results A total of 825 adult males were enrolled. The concentrations in M (P25, P75) of V, Mn, Co, Ni, Zn, Se, Ag, Cd, Ba, Tl, Fe, and Pb in seminal plasma were 0.39 (0.28, 0.54), 12.31 (8.92, 17.52), 0.26 (0.18, 0.38), 5.15 (3.32, 8.64), 182159.80 (121847.80, 199144.50), 13.61 (10.55, 17.68), 0.03 (0.02, 0.04), 0.34 (0.27, 0.46), 8.64 (5.94, 13.43), 0.06 (0.05, 0.08), 168.74 (114.17, 259.45), and 1.69 (1.15, 2.36) μg·L−1 respectively. The Spearman correlation results indicated that there was a negative correlation between V, Mn, Co, Zn, Se, Ba, Tl, or Fe in seminal plasma and seminal fructose (P<0.05), and the values of r (95%CI) were −0.044 (−0.087, −0.001), −0.129 (−0.171, −0.087), −0.055 (−0.099, −0.012), −0.099 (−0.143, −0.056), −0.053 (−0.097, −0.010), −0.068 (−0.111, −0.025), −0.095 (−0.138, −0.052), and −0.082 (−0.125, −0.039), respectively. The results of multiple linear regression indicated that there was a negative correlation between the exposure level of Cd, Mn, Zn, Ag, Ba, Tl, or Fe in seminal plasma and seminal fructose (P<0.05), the values of associated β (95%CI) were −0.551 (−0.956, −0.147), −0.315 (−0.419, −0.212), −0.187 (−0.272, −0.103), −0.161 (−0.301, −0.021), −0.188 (−0.314, −0.062), −1.159 (−2.170, −0.147), and −0.153 (−0.230, −0.076), respectively. The BKMR model analysis showed that seminal fructose level decreased with the increase of plasma metal mixed exposure concentration. Compared with all metal exposure at P50, the seminal fructose level decreased by 0.2374 units when all metal exposure was at P75. Seminal plasma Zn [posterior inclusion probabilities (PIPs)=1.0000] had the strongest effect on seminal fructose, followed by Mn (PIPs=0.5872), Se (PIPs=0.5656), and Ba (PIPs=0.5398). The univariate exposure-response curve showed a negative approximate linear correlations between Ba or Mn and seminal fructose, a positive linear correlation between Se and seminal fructose, and an approximate inverted U-shaped association between Zn and seminal fructose. No significant interaction between studied metals was found. Conclusion Mixed metal exposure may lead to decrease of seminal fructose, in which Zn, Mn, Se, and Ba may play an important role. Mn and Zn exposure may reduce the level of seminal fructose, Se may increase the level of seminal fructose, and there may be a threshold effect between Zn exposure and seminal fructose level. No interaction between different metals on seminal fructose is found.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2948-2959, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007725

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccine can induce a potent cellular and humoral immune response to protect against SARS-CoV-2 infection. However, it was unknown whether SARS-CoV-2 vaccination can induce effective natural killer (NK) cell response in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWH) and healthy individuals.@*METHODS@#Forty-seven PLWH and thirty healthy controls (HCs) inoculated with SARS-CoV-2 inactivated vaccine were enrolled from Beijing Youan Hospital in this study. The effect of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine on NK cell frequency, phenotype, and function in PLWH and HCs was evaluated by flow cytometry, and the response of NK cells to SARS-CoV-2 Omicron Spike (SARS-2-OS) protein stimulation was also evaluated.@*RESULTS@#SARS-CoV-2 vaccine inoculation elicited activation and degranulation of NK cells in PLWH, which peaked at 2 weeks and then decreased to a minimum at 12 weeks after the third dose of vaccine. However, in vitro stimulation of the corresponding peripheral blood monocular cells from PLWH with SARS-2-OS protein did not upregulate the expression of the aforementioned markers. Additionally, the frequencies of NK cells expressing the activation markers CD25 and CD69 in PLWH were significantly lower than those in HCs at 0, 4 and 12 weeks, but the percentage of CD16 + NK cells in PLWH was significantly higher than that in HCs at 2, 4 and 12 weeks after the third dose of vaccine. Interestingly, the frequency of CD16 + NK cells was significantly negatively correlated with the proportion of CD107a + NK cells in PLWH at each time point after the third dose. Similarly, this phenomenon was also observed in HCs at 0, 2, and 4 weeks after the third dose. Finally, regardless of whether NK cells were stimulated with SARS-2-OS or not, we did not observe any differences in the expression of NK cell degranulation markers between PLWH and HCs.@*CONCLUSION@#s:SARS-CoV-2 vaccine elicited activation and degranulation of NK cells, indicating that the inoculation of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine enhances NK cell immune response.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 Vaccines/therapeutic use , COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Killer Cells, Natural , HIV Infections , Antibodies, Viral
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2938-2947, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007713

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#T-cell immunoreceptor with immunoglobulin and immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif domains (TIGIT), an inhibitory receptor expressed on T cells, plays a dysfunctional role in antiviral infection and antitumor activity. However, it is unknown whether TIGIT expression on T cells influences the immunological effects of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) inactivated vaccines.@*METHODS@#Forty-five people living with HIV (PLWH) on antiretroviral therapy (ART) for more than two years and 31 healthy controls (HCs), all received a third dose of a SARS-CoV-2 inactivated vaccine, were enrolled in this study. The amounts, activation, proportion of cell subsets, and magnitude of the SARS-CoV-2-specific immune response of TIGIT + CD4 + and TIGIT + CD8 + T cells were investigated before the third dose but 6 months after the second vaccine dose (0W), 4 weeks (4W) and 12 weeks (12W) after the third dose.@*RESULTS@#Compared to that in HCs, the frequency of TIGIT + CD8 + T cells in the peripheral blood of PLWH increased at 12W after the third dose of the inactivated vaccine, and the immune activation of TIGIT + CD8 + T cells also increased. A decrease in the ratio of both T naïve (T N ) and central memory (T CM ) cells among TIGIT + CD8 + T cells and an increase in the ratio of the effector memory (T EM ) subpopulation were observed at 12W in PLWH. Interestingly, particularly at 12W, a higher proportion of TIGIT + CD8 + T cells expressing CD137 and CD69 simultaneously was observed in HCs than in PLWH based on the activation-induced marker assay. Compared with 0W, SARS-CoV-2-specific TIGIT + CD8 + T-cell responses in PLWH were not enhanced at 12W but were enhanced in HCs. Additionally, at all time points, the SARS-CoV-2-specific responses of TIGIT + CD8 + T cells in PLWH were significantly weaker than those of TIGIT - CD8 + T cells. However, in HCs, the difference in the SARS-CoV-2-specific responses induced between TIGIT + CD8 + T cells and TIGIT - CD8 + T cells was insignificant at 4W and 12W, except at 0W.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TIGIT expression on CD8 + T cells may hinder the T-cell immune response to a booster dose of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, suggesting weakened resistance to SARS-CoV-2 infection, especially in PLWH. Furthermore, TIGIT may be used as a potential target to increase the production of SARS-CoV-2-specific CD8 + T cells, thereby enhancing the effectiveness of vaccination.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Viral , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19 Vaccines/immunology , HIV Infections/complications , Receptors, Immunologic , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1361-1365, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955667

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of problem-based learning (PBL) based on production-oriented approach (POA) theory in clinical practice teaching in department of hand and foot surgery.Methods:A total of 112 interns from the Department of Hand and Foot Surgery in Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University from January 2019 to October 2020 were randomly divided into control group and observation group, with 56 interns in each group. The control group was taught by PBL teaching, and the observation group was taught by PBL teaching based on POA theory. The two groups of interns were compared in terms of the evaluation of teaching effect, the statistics of errors in practice assessment, the assessment scale of independent learning ability, the career maturity inventory attitude scale, and the satisfaction of interns with their teachers. SPSS 25.0 was used for Chi-test and t-test. Results:The teaching effect and the satisfaction of interns with the teacher in the observation group were better than those of the control group ( P<0.05); the error rate of unskilled physical examination and the error rate of poor aseptic debridement concept in the observation group were all lower ( P<0.05); there was no significant difference in the error rate of irregular writing of medical records, the error rate of lack of medical history collection, and the error rate of communication errors between the two groups ( P>0.05). After teaching, the scores of independent learning ability and career maturity inventory attitude scale in the observation group were higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The PBL teaching based on POA theory has a good effect in the clinical practice teaching in the department of hand and foot surgery, and it is worthy of further promotion.

5.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 984-991, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955437

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of the age, atrial fibrillation, dysphagia, sex, stroke severity (A2DS2) score, the prestroke independence, sex, age, National Institutes of Health stroke scale (ISAN) score, acute ischemic stroke-associated pneumonia score (AIS-APS), and intracerebral hemorrhage associated pneumonia score without hematoma volume included (ICH-APS-A) in predicting risk of stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP).Methods:From January to June 2019, 304 patients with acute stroke who were hospitalized in the Lianyungang Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. There were 164 patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS), including 82 patients with SAP. And there were 140 patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), including 70 patients with SAP. They were divided into SAP group (152 cases) and non-SAP group (152 cases) depending on whether they had SAP. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to compare the predictive value of the four scores.Results:When predicting risk of SAP in patients with the stroke, the A2DS2 score had the largest AUC compared to the ISAN score, AIS-APS score, and ICH-APS-A score. When predicting risk of SAP in patients with AIS, the AUC (0.875, 95% CI 0.815 to 0.922) of the A2DS2 score was greater than the AIS-APS score and the ISAN score. When predicting risk of SAP in patients with ICH, the AUC (0.950, 95% CI 0.900 to 0.980) of the A2DS2 score was greater than the ICH-APS-A score and the ISAN score. When predicting risk of SAP in patients with AIS and ICH: 0.911 (95% CI 0.873 to 0.94) vs. 0.882 (95% CI 0.840 to 0.916), Z = 2.319, P = 0.020, the A2DS2 score was significantly better than the ISAN score ( P<0.05). When predicting risk of SAP in patients with AIS, the A2DS2 score, ISAN score, and AIS-APS score all have good predictive value ( P>0.05). When predicting SAP in patients with ICH, the A2DS2 score, ISAN score, and ICH-APS-A score all have good predictive value ( P>0.05). Conclusions:When predicting risk of SAP in patients, the A2DS2 score is a reliable prediction tool, with good predictive value.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 600-604, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954647

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of selegiline phosphate combined with liraglutide and osteopontin on glucolipid metabolism, bone mineral density and bone metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) combined with osteoporosis (OP) .Methods:A prospective randomized controlled trial was designed.130 patients with T2DM combined with OP admitted to the outpatient clinic of Yantai Yantaishan Hospital from Jan.2020 to Aug. 2021 were selected as study subjects and pregrouped according to the pre-visit serial number according to the random number table method, 65 cases each. The control group weregiven liraglutide and osteopontin combination therapy, and the observation group were treated with sitagliptin phosphate combined with liraglutide and osteopontin, and both groups were treated continuously for 3 months. The tests compared the glycolipid metabolism [glycosylated hemoglobin (HAb1c) , triacylglycerol (TG) , fasting blood glucose (FBG) , total cholesterol (TC) , 2h postprandial glucose (2hPG) , high-density and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, LDL-C) ], bone density [4 sites of femoral trochanter, lumbar orthostyle, femoral neck, forearm], before and after 3 months of treatment in the 2 groups. Changes in bone metabolism (osteocalcin (OC) , type I collagen C-terminal peptide (S-CTX) , 25-hydroxyvitamin [25 (OH) D], type I procollagen amino-terminal peptidogen (PINP) , and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (b-ALP) ] levels were detected, and the adverse effects and efficacy of drug administration in the 2 groups were compared.Results:After 3 months of treatment, FBG (7.48±1.02) mmol/L, TG (2.01±0.31) mmol/L, PINP (43.72±4.86) ng/ml, HAb1c (7.43±0.65) %, S-CTX (0.27±0.09) ng/ml, 2hPG (9.08±1.34) mmol/L in the observation group, LDL-C (2.58±0.27) mmol/L were lower than those in the control group (7.86±0.97) mmol/L, (2.29±0.34) mmol/L, (46.55±4.19) ng/ml, (7.81±0.62) %, (0.32±0.10) ng/ml, (10.52±1.41) mmol/L, (2.89±0.31) mmol/L ( t=2.177, 5.968, 3.556, 3.481, 2.996, 5.968, 6.080, P<0.05) ; after 3 months of treatment, the bone density of each site in the observation group was (0.76±0.09) g/cm 3, (0.75±0.10) g/cm 3, (0.76±0.11) g/cm 3, (0.75±0.09) g/cm 3 and OC (20.87±2.33) μg/L, b-ALP (19.70±2.35) U/L were higher than those of the control group (0.70±0.10) g/cm 3, (0.68±0.09) g/cm 3, (0.69±0.10) g/cm 3, (0.70±0.10) g/cm 3, (18.45±3.66) μg/L, (18.09±2.14) U/L ( t=3.596, 4.195, 3.796, 2.996, 4.497, 4.084, P<0.05) ; the overall efficiency of the observation group was 96.92%, higher than that of the control group 84.61% ( χ2=5.876, P<0.05) . The difference was not statistically significant when comparing the incidence of adverse reactions in the 2 groups ( χ2=0.000, P>0.05) . Conclusion:Sitagliptin phosphate combined with liraglutide and osteopontin can further improve clinical efficacy and regulate glucolipid metabolism in patients with T2DM combined with OP, and it also has an important role in improving bone density and regulating bone metabolism level in patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 489-494, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957579

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) and 3-month outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke undergoing intravenous thrombolysis.Methods:A total of 386 patients with acute ischemic stroke received intravenous thrombolysis therapy from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2019 in the Affiliated Hospital of Lianyungang, Xuzhou Medical University were enrolled prospectively. The National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) was used to evaluate the severity of stroke. The functional outcome was evaluated by the modified Rankin Scale at discharge or 3 months after onset. Pearson′s correlation was used to assess the relationship between SUA and NIHSS scores at baseline and discharge. Propensity score matching was used to balance confounding factors. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the correlation between SUA and prognostic outcome after thrombolysis.Results:A total of 386 eligible patients were included. Two hundred and thirty patients (59.6%) had good outcomes in the follow-up after 3 months. The levels of SUA are negatively associated with the NIHSS score at discharge ( r=-0.171, P=0.003). A positive correlation was observed between the levels of SUA and the difference of NIHSS at baseline and discharge ( r=0.118, P=0.032). Patients were divided into three groups according to the quartile of SUA. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that high SUA levels were independently associated with good outcome three months after stroke ( OR=0.421, 95% CI 0.327-0.541, P<0.001). Conclusion:In patients with acute ischemic stroke, elevated SUA levels can predict better recovery and short-term outcomes in patients undergoing intravenous thrombolysis.

8.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 32-37, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882364

ABSTRACT

Hyperglycemia is considered to be a predictor of death, poor functional outcome, symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage, and increased infarct volume in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Many studies have used parameters such as standard deviation, coefficient of variation, blood glucose level, stress hyperglycemia ratio, and glucose/glycated hemoglobin ratio to express hyperglycemia, and then study the relationship between hyperglycemia and stroke outcome. In patients with stroke receiving intravenous thrombolysis, hyperglycemia is closely associated with symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage, poor neurological outcome, and lower vascular recanalization rate. In patients with stroke undergoing endovascular mechanical thrombectomy, hyperglycemia is closely associated with poor long-term outcome, increased mortality, and increased infarct volume. However, whether hyperglycemia will affect the effect of reperfusion therapy in acute ischemic stroke remains controversial. The possible mechanisms of hyperglycemia leading to poor outcomes after reperfusion therapy in patients with ischemic stroke include inhibition of vasodilation, reduction of plasma fibrinolytic activity, destruction of the blood-brain barrier, promotion of oxidative stress, and reduction of ischemic penumbra volume. Studies have shown that for stroke patients with hyperglycemia, intensive blood glucose control does not bring significant benefits. Therefore, the blood glucose control program of patients with acute ischemic stroke and hyperglycemia needs further study and discussion.

9.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 885-892, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929861

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of stress hyperglycemia for the functional outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).Methods:Patients with AIS admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Lianyungang, Xuzhou Medical University from September 1, 2019 to December 31, 2020 were enrolled prospectively. The glucose to glycated hemoglobin ratio (GAR) was used to express stress hyperglycemia. The functional outcome was evaluated by the modified Rankin Scale at 3 month after discharge, 0-2 was defined as a good outcome and >2 as a poor outcome. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent related factors of functional outcome. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of GAR for poor functional outcome. Results:A total of 1 286 patients with AIS were included. Their median age was 67 years old, and 762 were males (59.3%). The median baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 2. The median fasting blood glucose level was 5.48 mmol/L, the median glycosylated hemoglobin was 6.00%, and the median GAR was 0.92. Eight hundred and twelve patients (63.1%) had good outcomes and 474 (36.9%) had poor outcomes. The GAR in the good outcome group was significantly lower than that in the poor outcome group (0.86 vs. 1.03; P<0.001). All patients were divided into 4 groups (GAR1, GAR2, GAR3, and GAR4) according to the GAR quartile from low to high. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for relevant confounding factors, GAR4 (taking the GAR1 as a reference, odds ratio [ OR] 8.896, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 5.775-13.702; P<0.001), age ( OR 1.041, 95% CI 1.027-1.055; P<0.001) and baseline NIHSS score classification ( OR 25.898, 95% CI 14.221-47.163; P<0.001) were closely associated with the poor outcomes at 3 months. Further subgroup analysis showed that the higher level of GAR was significantly and independently correlated with the poor functional outcome, regardless of whether the patients had diabetes or not. The ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of GAR predicting poor outcome at 3 months was 0.705 (95% CI 0.675-0.735; P<0.001), and the predictive value was significantly higher than that of glycosylated hemoglobin and fasting blood glucose. When the cut-off value of GAR was 0.97, the Yoden index was the largest, which was 0.370. The sensitivity and specificity of its predicting the poor outcome at 3 months were 61.6% and 75.4%. Conclusion:Whether or not diabetes is present, GAR is an independent predictor of the poor outcomes in patients with AIS.

10.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 216-221, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863100

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells are a kind of pluripotent stem cells that play a role in stroke treatment mainly through paracrine mechanisms. Recent studies have shown that mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes play an important role in reducing post-stroke injury, promoting neural repair and angiogenesis. This article describes the research progress of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes in the treatment of stroke, and investigates the therapeutic mechanism and application prospects of exosomes bioactive substances represented by microRNAs.

11.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 145-149, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863082

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are extracellular vesicles released from various cellular sources and are widely present in body fluids. Bioactive substances such as microRNAs, mRNAs, and proteins are encapsulated in exosomes, which can activate various signaling pathways and play important roles in early warning of stroke and neurovascular unit repair. This article reviews the signal transduction of exosomes in cerebral ischemia.

12.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 101-106, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865451

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the relationship between hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and hemorrhagic cerebral infarction (HI) in patients with acute cerebral infarction.Methods From January 2014 to June 2016,in the Lianyungang Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University,426 patients with acute anterior circulation infarction were included.The blood sugar status before stroke was expressed by HbA1c.HbA1c and fasting blood glucose (FBG) were measured on the second day after admission.The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) was used to assess the severity of neurological function at admission.The modified Rankin scale (mRS) was used to evaluate the prognosis at discharge.CT or MRI/SWI examination was performed to determine whether there was HT.Logistic regression was used to evaluate the risk factors for HT and short-term prognosis after cerebral infarction.Results Of the 426 patients enrolled,93 (21.8%) appeared HT,60 (14.1%) had hemorrhagic cerebral infarction (HI) and 33 (7.7%) had parenchymal hemorrhage (PH).Multivariate analysis showed that HbA1c and infarct volume were independent predictor of HT.When patients were grouped according to fasting blood glucose (FBG < 7.8 mmol/L or ≥ 7.8 mmol/L),the predictive effect of HbA1c on HT was found in both groups.In multiple Logistic regression analysis,HbA1c was also a predictor of poor prognosis after stroke (OR =1.482,95% CI 1.228-1.788).Conclusions In patients with ischemic stroke,elevated HbA1c is independently associated with post-infarction HT,and this result doesn't change even in patients with well-controlled blood glucose.HbA1c is also a predictor of poor prognosis after stroke.These findings are important for blood glucose management in patients with diabetes and acute anterior circulation infarction.

13.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 414-423, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881914

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of occupational lead exposure on the relative telomere length(RTL) and mRNA expression of telomere-binding protein POT1-interacting protein 1(TPP1) in peripheral blood of workers. METHODS: A total of 303 workers exposed to lead were selected as the exposure group and 72 administrative logisticians personnel in the same factory as the control group using the simple random sampling method. Their peripheral blood samples were collected and were used to detect the blood lead level by Graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. RTL and the relative expression of TPP1 mRNA by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The blood lead level of the exposure group was higher [Media(M): 68.2 vs 266.1 μg/L, P<0.01], the RTL was shorter(M: 0.96 vs 0.70, P<0.01), and the relative mRNA expression of TPP1 was lower(M: 0.92 vs 0.51, P<0.01) compared with the control group. Spearman correlation analysis results showed that the blood lead level were both negatively correlated with RTL [Spearman correlation coefficient(r_S) =-0.18, P<0.01], and the relative mRNA expression of TPP1(r_S=-0.19, P<0.01), while the RTL was positively correlated with the risk of RTL shortening and the relative mRNA expression of TPP1 decline was increased in lead exposure(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Lead exposure can shorten the RTL and reduce the relative mRNA expression of TPP1 in workers. The mechanism may be that lead interferes with telomere repair process by inhibiting the mRNA expression of TPP1.

14.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 101-106, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799616

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the relationship between hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and hemorrhagic cerebral infarction (HI) in patients with acute cerebral infarction.@*Methods@#From January 2014 to June 2016, in the Lianyungang Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University, 426 patients with acute anterior circulation infarction were included. The blood sugar status before stroke was expressed by HbA1c. HbA1c and fasting blood glucose (FBG) were measured on the second day after admission. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) was used to assess the severity of neurological function at admission. The modified Rankin scale (mRS) was used to evaluate the prognosis at discharge. CT or MRI/SWI examination was performed to determine whether there was HT. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the risk factors for HT and short-term prognosis after cerebral infarction.@*Results@#Of the 426 patients enrolled, 93 (21.8%) appeared HT, 60 (14.1%) had hemorrhagic cerebral infarction (HI) and 33 (7.7%) had parenchymal hemorrhage (PH). Multivariate analysis showed that HbA1c and infarct volume were independent predictor of HT. When patients were grouped according to fasting blood glucose (FBG<7.8 mmol/L or ≥ 7.8 mmol/L), the predictive effect of HbA1c on HT was found in both groups. In multiple Logistic regression analysis, HbA1c was also a predictor of poor prognosis after stroke (OR=1.482, 95% CI 1.228 -1.788).@*Conclusions@#In patients with ischemic stroke, elevated HbA1c is independently associated with post-infarction HT, and this result doesn′t change even in patients with well-controlled blood glucose. HbA1c is also a predictor of poor prognosis after stroke. These findings are important for blood glucose management in patients with diabetes and acute anterior circulation infarction.

15.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1632-1635, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789915

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between placental thickness,MRI signs and postpartum hemorrhage in placenta accreta(PA)patients.Methods 28 PA patients with postpartum hemorrhage and 3 9 PA patients without postpartum hemorrhage were analyzed retrospectively.We compared the clinical features and MRI signs between the two groups,and analyzed the correlation between placental thickness and PA related postpartum hemorrhage.Results The mean placental thickness was significantly higher in the hemorrhage patients (62.04±13.826)mm than that in the patients without hemorrhage (39.72±11.362)mm.Among the clinical features, there were no correlations between age,previous intrauterine operation history,previous cesarean section history and occurrence of the PA related postpartum hemorrhage.The following MRI signs were related to the occurrence of the PA related postpartum hemorrhage,including placenta previa,local bulging of the uterine,heterogeneous signal intensity in the placenta,intraplacental hypointensity bands,intraplacental abnormal vascularity,scar covered by placenta,abnormal signal intensity around the cervix,thinning of myometrium.Conclusion Measurement of placental thickness by MRI combined with placenta previa,local bulging of the uterine,heterogeneous signal intensity in the placenta,intraplacental hypointensity bands,intraplacental abnormal vascularity,scar covered by placenta,heterogeneous signal intensity around the cervix, thinning of myometrium are valuable in predicting PA related postpartum hemorrhage.

16.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1075-1078, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732847

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the process conditions of the oil extraction ofseabuckthorn oil and to evaluate its antioxidant activity by anti-free radical action.Methods The extraction time and particle size of sea-buckseed oil were optimized by using the response surface software design-expert.Its antio xidant activity was studied through its anti-dpph free radical reaction.Results The best process of seabuckthorn seed oil was extracting time 3 h,material liquid than 1:8,extraction temperature 80 C,about 30 mesh size,the yield is highest at 11.13%.The optimum reaction time was 8 min in control,and with the increase of concentration,seabuckthorn oil antioxidant activity increased,when the addition amount of 4.00 ml sample,clearance rate as high as 77.62%.Conclusions This method is simple and reliable,the extraction rate is high,and the test results show that the oil has obvious anti-oxidative effect,which can be used as whitening and wrinkling products to delay the aging of human body.

17.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 476-480, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711433

ABSTRACT

With the discovery of exosomes,new pathways of intercellular information and material exchange mediated by exosomes are attracting more and more attention from researchers. The process of exo-some production overlaps with many viral assembly and outflow pathways,suggesting that exosomes may be related to viral infections. In vitro experiments also show that exosomes play a very important role in viral in-fections. On one hand,exosomes can transfer viral nucleic acids and proteins,and may change microenviron-ment to promote the spread of infection. On the other hand,exosomes can induce immune responses by activa-ting antiviral pathways or transferring antiviral molecules. Do they promote or suppress the spread of infec-tion? What are the factors that affect their functions? In this paper,we review the role of exosomes in viral in-fection in order to provide a reference for better understanding the process of viral infection and immune re-sponses,and to provide a new train of thoughts for the prevention,diagnosis and treatment of viral diseases.

18.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 449-452, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693532

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the killing effect of γδT cells on different tumor cells by inducing and expanding γδT cells in vitro.Methods Collected the peripheral venous blood of 20 healthy volunteers recruited at Xinqiao Hospital of Third Military Medical University from January to March 2018.Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were induced and expanded using zoledronic acid combined with interleukin-2 (IL-2) to obtain γδT cells.The cell purity was detected on day 0,7,10,14 and 16 using flow cytometry.The killing activity was detected by CCK-8 kit.Cells cultured on the 14th day were used as effector cells,and breast cancer cell BCap-37 and liver cancer cell Bel-7402 were used as target cells,and the cell killing activity was detected at the effective target ratio (E ∶ T) of 5 ∶ 1,10 ∶ 1 and 20 ∶ 1 respectively.Results The purity of γδT cells were respectively (3.35 ± 1.32) %,(50.76 ± 5.76) %,(80.43 ± 4.53) %,(90.56 ± 3.34) %,(89.54 ± 4.42) % on day 0,7,10,14,16,with significant difference (F =18.431,P =0.012).The efficiency of γδT cells killing BCap-37 tumor cells were (31.3 ± 2.0) % (E ∶ T =5 ∶ 1),(48.7 ± 1.6) %(E ∶T=10∶1),(71.3 ±2.4)% (E ∶T=20 ∶ 1) respectively,with significant difference (F=16.724,P =0.016),further comparison between each two groups:10 ∶ 1 vs.5 ∶ 1 (P =0.013),20 ∶ 1 vs.5 ∶ 1 (P =0.017),20∶1 vs.10 ∶1 (P =0.011).The killing rate increased with the increase of target ratio.The efficiency of γδT cells killing Bel-7402 tumor cells were (34.5 ± 2.0) % (E ∶ T =5 ∶ 1),(52.4 ± 1.9) %(E ∶ T =10 ∶ 1),(74.5 ± 1.6) % (E ∶ T =20 ∶ 1) respectively,with significant difference (F =18.253,P=0.013),further comparison between each two groups:10 ∶ 1 vs.5 ∶ 1 (P=0.015),20 ∶ 1 vs.5 ∶ 1 (P=0.012),20 ∶ 1 vs.10 ∶ 1 (P =0.015).The killing rate increased with the increase of target ratio.Conclusion We can obtain high purity γδT cells using zoledronic acid combined with IL-2 induced PBMCs,and the amplified γδT cells have significant killing effect on BCap-37 and Bel-7402 tumor cells.

19.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1018-1025, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752075

ABSTRACT

Triterpenoid saponins is an important secondary metabolites in medicinal plants, and the tetracyclic triterpenoid saponins, as one of the main categories, have very high medicinal value and market demand. However, there is no systematic review on the research. Thus, the elucidation of the biosynthetic pathway and metabolism of the medicinal plant tetracyclic triterpenoid saponins has important theoretical significance and broad application prospects.In this review, the biosynthetic pathway and metabolic regulation of medicinal plant of tetracyclic triterpenoid saponins were discussed. My focus in this paper was to introduce the research development of several metabolic biosynthetic pathways of tetracyclic triterpenoid saponins centered on dammarane type, and the gene improvement by methods such as metabolic pathway and other technological methods. This study provides references on secondary metabolic framework of medicinal plants of tetracyclic triterpenoid saponins, accurately locating secondary metabolism and its key enzymes, and promoting the sustainable uses of medicinal plant resources.

20.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 474-477, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806626

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of cadmium exposure on cardiovascular system of occupational workers.@*Methods@#Cross-sectional study was applied to 992 workers in a nickel-cadmium battery plant in November, 2011, of which 749 were cadmium exposed workers and 243 were controls without cadmium and other expose. Urinary cadmium、electrocardiogram (ECG) and blood pressure were examined simultaneously among 992 workers. The risk factors of ECG abnormality rate and hypertension rate were analyzed by Logistic regression.@*Results@#The level of urinary cadmium in cadmium exposed workers was significantly higher than controls (8.89±4.00 vs 1.34±1.18 μg/g creatinine, P<0.01) . Urinary cadmium level in women was significantly higher than men in both exposure and control group (P<0.05) . According to the group of working years, Urinary cadmium level raised with the increase of working years (F=28.272, P<0.001) . The ECG abnormality rate and hypertension rate of cadmium exposed workers were higher than that of control group, the differences were all statistically significant (P<0.01) . The abnormal rate of ECG and the hypertension rate increased with the prolonging of working years and demonstrated dose-response relationship. With the increase of urinary cadmium level, the abnormal rate of ECG and hypertension rate raised (OR=1.11, P<0.01) and (OR=1.15, P<0.01) respectively.@*Conclusion@#Occupational cadmium exposure increased the abnormal rate of ECG and blood pressure and therefore damaged cardiovascular system of workers. This study provided base data for protecting health of cadmium exposed workers.

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