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1.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 613-620, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984757

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the risk factors for the development of deep infiltration in early colorectal tumors (ECT) and to construct a prediction model to predict the development of deep infiltration in patients with ECT. Methods: The clinicopathological data of ECT patients who underwent endoscopic treatment or surgical treatment at the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from August 2010 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The independent risk factors were analyzed by multifactorial regression analysis, and the prediction models were constructed and validated by nomogram. Results: Among the 717 ECT patients, 590 patients were divided in the within superficial infiltration 1 (SM1) group (infiltration depth within SM1) and 127 patients in the exceeding SM1 group (infiltration depth more than SM1). There were no statistically significant differences in gender, age, and lesion location between the two groups (P>0.05). The statistically significant differences were observed in tumor morphological staging, preoperative endoscopic assessment performance, vascular tumor emboli and nerve infiltration, and degree of tumor differentiation (P<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis showed that only erosion or rupture (OR=4.028, 95% CI: 1.468, 11.050, P=0.007), localized depression (OR=3.105, 95% CI: 1.584, 6.088, P=0.001), infiltrative JNET staging (OR=5.622, 95% CI: 3.029, 10.434, P<0.001), and infiltrative Pit pattern (OR=2.722, 95% CI: 1.347, 5.702, P=0.006) were independent risk factors for the development of deep submucosal infiltration in ECT. Nomogram was constructed with the included independent risk factors, and the nomogram was well distinguished and calibrated in predicting the occurrence of deep submucosal infiltration in ECT, with a C-index and area under the curve of 0.920 (95% CI: 0.811, 0.929). Conclusion: The nomogram prediction model constructed based on only erosion or rupture, local depression, infiltrative JNET typing, and infiltrative Pit pattern has a good predictive efficacy in the occurrence of deep submucosal infiltration in ECT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Nomograms , Neoplasm Staging , Risk Factors
2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 335-339, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984727

ABSTRACT

Objective: Risk factors related to residual cancer or lymph node metastasis after endoscopic non-curative resection of early colorectal cancer were analyzed to predict the risk of residual cancer or lymph node metastasis, optimize the indications of radical surgical surgery, and avoid excessive additional surgical operations. Methods: Clinical data of 81 patients who received endoscopic treatment for early colorectal cancer in the Department of Endoscopy, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2009 to 2019 and received additional radical surgical surgery after endoscopic resection with pathological indication of non-curative resection were collected to analyze the relationship between various factors and the risk of residual cancer or lymph node metastasis after endoscopic resection. Results: Of the 81 patients, 17 (21.0%) were positive for residual cancer or lymph node metastasis, while 64 (79.0%) were negative. Among 17 patients with residual cancer or positive lymph node metastasis, 3 patients had only residual cancer (2 patients with positive vertical cutting edge). 11 patients had only lymph node metastasis, and 3 patients had both residual cancer and lymph node metastasis. Lesion location, poorly differentiated cancer, depth of submucosal invasion ≥2 000 μm, venous invasion were associated with residual cancer or lymph node metastasis after endoscopic (P<0.05). Logistic multivariate regression analysis showed that poorly differentiated cancer (OR=5.513, 95% CI: 1.423, 21.352, P=0.013) was an independent risk factor for residual cancer or lymph node metastasis after endoscopic non-curative resection of early colorectal cancer. Conclusions: For early colorectal cancer after endoscopic non-curable resection, residual cancer or lymph node metastasis is associated with poorly differentiated cancer, depth of submucosal invasion ≥2 000 μm, venous invasion and the lesions are located in the descending colon, transverse colon, ascending colon and cecum with the postoperative mucosal pathology result. For early colorectal cancer, poorly differentiated cancer is an independent risk factor for residual cancer or lymph node metastasis after endoscopic non-curative resection, which is suggested that radical surgery should be added after endoscopic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm, Residual , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy , Risk Factors , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Invasiveness
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 153-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969818

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze clinicopathological features of circumferential superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and precancerous lesions and investigate the risk factors for deep submucosal invasion and angiolymphatic invasion retrospectively. Methods: A total of 116 cases of esophageal squamous epithelial high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia or squamous cell carcinoma diagnosed by gastroscopy, biopsy pathology and endoscopic resection pathology during November 2013 to October 2021 were collected, and their clinicopathological features were analyzed. The independent risk factors of deep submucosal invasion and angiolymphatic invasion were analyzed by logistic regression model. Results: The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that drinking history (OR=3.090, 95% CI: 1.165-8.200; P<0.05), The AB type of intrapapillary capillary loop (IPCL) (OR=11.215, 95% CI: 3.955-31.797; P<0.05) were the independent risk factors for the depth of invasion. The smoking history (OR=5.824, 95% CI: 1.704-19.899; P<0.05), the presence of avascular area (AVA) (OR=3.393, 95% CI: 1.285-12.072; P<0.05) were the independent factors for the angiolymphatic invasion. Conclusions: The risk of deep submucosal infiltration is greater for circumferential superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients with drinking history and IPCL type B2-B3 observed by magnifying endoscopy, while the risk of angiolymphatic invasion should be vigilant for circumferential superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients with smoking history and the presence of AVA observed by magnifying endoscopy. Ultrasound endoscopy combined with narrowband imagingand magnification endoscopy can improve the accuracy of preoperative assessment of the depth of infiltration of superficial squamous cell carcinoma and precancerous lesions and angiolymphaticinvasion in the whole perimeter of the esophagus, and help endoscopists to reasonably grasp the indications for endoscopic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Esophagoscopy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Precancerous Conditions/surgery , Margins of Excision , Risk Factors
4.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 395-401, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935227

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct the diagnostic model of superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and precancerous lesions in endoscopic images based on the YOLOv5l model by using deep learning method of artificial intelligence to improve the diagnosis of early ESCC and precancerous lesions under endoscopy. Methods: 13, 009 endoscopic esophageal images of white light imaging (WLI), narrow band imaging (NBI) and lugol chromoendoscopy (LCE) were collected from June 2019 to July 2021 from 1, 126 patients at the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, including low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, ESCC limited to the mucosal layer, benign esophageal lesions and normal esophagus. By computerized random function method, the images were divided into a training set (11, 547 images from 1, 025 patients) and a validation set (1, 462 images from 101 patients). The YOLOv5l model was trained and constructed with the training set, and the model was validated with the validation set, while the validation set was diagnosed by two senior and two junior endoscopists, respectively, to compare the diagnostic results of YOLOv5l model and those of the endoscopists. Results: In the validation set, the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the YOLOv5l model in diagnosing early ESCC and precancerous lesions in the WLI, NBI and LCE modes were 96.9%, 87.9%, 98.3%, 88.8%, 98.1%, and 98.6%, 89.3%, 99.5%, 94.4%, 98.2%, and 93.0%, 77.5%, 98.0%, 92.6%, 93.1%, respectively. The accuracy in the NBI model was higher than that in the WLI model (P<0.05) and lower than that in the LCE model (P<0.05). The diagnostic accuracies of YOLOv5l model in the WLI, NBI and LCE modes for the early ESCC and precancerous lesions were similar to those of the 2 senior endoscopists (96.9%, 98.8%, 94.3%, and 97.5%, 99.6%, 91.9%, respectively; P>0.05), but significantly higher than those of the 2 junior endoscopists (84.7%, 92.9%, 81.6% and 88.3%, 91.9%, 81.2%, respectively; P<0.05). Conclusion: The constructed YOLOv5l model has high accuracy in diagnosing early ESCC and precancerous lesions in endoscopic WLI, NBI and LCE modes, which can assist junior endoscopists to improve diagnosis and reduce missed diagnoses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Endoscopy/methods , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Narrow Band Imaging , Precancerous Conditions/diagnostic imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity
5.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 413-419, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942903

ABSTRACT

Objective: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of undifferentiated early gastric cancer (UD-EGC) remains controversial due to high positive rate of horizontal and vertical resection margins and the risk of lymph node metastasis. The purpose of this study was to compare long-term outcomes of patients with UD-EGC undergoing ESD versus surgery. Methods: This study was a retrospective cohort study. Inclusion criteria: (1) patients with early gastric cancer undergoing ESD or surgical resection; (2) histological types included poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, poorly differentiated adenocarcima with signet ring cell carcinoma, and signet ring cell carcinoma; (3) no lymph node metastasis or distant metastasis was confirmed by preoperative CT and endoscopic ultrasonography. Exclusion criteria: (1) previous surgical treatment for gastric cancer; (2) synchronous tumors; (3) death with unknown cause; (4) additional surgical treatment was performed within 1 month after ESD. According to the above criteria, clinical data of patients with UD-EGC who received ESD or surgery treatment in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2009 to December 2016 were collected. After further comparing the clinical outcomes between the two groups by 1:1 propensity score matching, 61 patients in the ESD group and 61 patients in the surgery group were finally included in this study. The disease-free and overall survivals were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method. Results: All patients in the two groups completed operations successfully. In the ESD group, the median operation time was 46.3 (26.5, 102.3) minutes, 61 cases (100%) were en-bloc resection, and 57 cases (93.4%) were complete resection. Positive margin was found in 4 (6.6%) patients, of whom 2 were positive in horizontal margin and 2 were positive both in horizontal and vertical margins. In the surgery group, only 1 case had positive horizontal margin and no positive vertical margin was observed. There was no significant difference in the positive rate of margin between the two groups (P>0.05). Median follow-up time was 59.8 (3.0, 131.5) months. The follow-up rate of ESD group and surgery group was 82.0% (50/61) and 95.1% (58/61), respectively. The 5-year disease-free survival rate in ESD group and surgery group was 98.2% and 96.7%, respectively (P=0.641), and the 5-year overall survival rate was 98.2% and 96.6%, respectively (P=0.680). In the ESD group, 1 patient (1.6%) had lymph node recurrence, without local recurrence or distant metastasis. In the surgery group, 1 case (1.6%) had anastomotic recurrence and 1 (1.6%) had distant metastasis. Conclusion: ESD has a sinilar long-term efficacy to surgery in the treatment of UD-EGC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Gastric Mucosa , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 75-80, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942867

ABSTRACT

Objective: Serrated adenoma is recognized as a precancerous lesion of colorectal cancer, and the serrated pathway is considered as an important pathway that can independently develop into colorectal cancer. However, little is known about the related risk factors of carcinogenesis of serrated adenoma. The purpose of this study was to analyze the distribution characteristics and potential malignant factors of serrated adenoma in the colon and rectum. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was conducted to collect the clinical data of patients with serrated adenoma who underwent colonoscopy and were pathologically diagnosed in the Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from April 2017 to July 2019, and exclude patients with two or more pathological types of lesions. The clinical characteristics of serrated adenoma were summarized, and univariate and logistic multivariate regression analysis was conducted to explore the influencing factors for serrated adenoma to develop malignant transformation. Results: Among 28 730 patients undergoing colonoscopy, 311 (1.08%) were found with 372 serrated adenomas, among which 22 (5.9%) were sessile serrated adenomas/polyps, 84 (22.6%) were traditional serrated adenomas, and 266 (71.5%) were unclassified serrated adenomas according to WHO classification. The pathological results showed that 106 (28.5%) lesions were non-dysplasia, 228 (61.3%) lesions were low grade intraepithelial neoplasia, and 38 (10.2%) lesions were high grade intraepithelial neoplasia or cancer. There were 204 (54.8%) lesions with long-axis diameter <10 mm and 168 (45.2%) lesions with length long-axis ≥ 10 mm. 238 (64.0%) lesions were found in the left side colon and rectum and 134 (36.0%) lesions in the right side colon. Gross classification under endoscopy: 16 flat type lesions (4.3%), 174 sessile lesions (46.8%), 117 semi-pedunculated lesions (31.5%), 59 pedunculated lesions (15.9%). Narrow-band imaging international colorectal endoscopic (NICE) classification: 85 (22.8%) type I lesions, 280 (75.3%) type II lesions, 4 (1.1%) type III lesions. Univariate analysis showed that lesion size, lesion location, lesion site and different WHO classifications were associated with malignant transformation of colorectal serrated adenoma (all P<0.05). For the serrated adenomas with different NICE classifications, there were statistically significant differences in the distribution of malignant lesions among groups (P=0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that the long-axis diameter of the lesion ≥10 mm (OR=6.699, 95% CI: 2.843-15.786) and the lesion locating in the left side colorectum (OR=2.657, 95% CI: 1.042-6.775) were independent risk factors for malignant transformation. Conclusions: Serrated adenomas mainly locate in the left side colon and rectum, and are prone to malignant transformation when the lesions are ≥10 mm in long-axis diameter or left-sided.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoma/pathology , Adenomatous Polyps/pathology , Carcinogenesis , Case-Control Studies , Colonic Polyps/pathology , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Disease Progression , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 698-702, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267473

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the value of narrow band imaging (NBI) endoscopy in the detection of unknown primary tumor site with cervical lymph node metastases of squamous cell carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-three patients with cervical lymph node metastases of squamous cell carcinoma treated in our department between June 2009 and December 2011 were enrolled in this study. Their primary tumor site was not detected by routine computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and laryngoscopy. The nasopharyngolarynx was examined by NBI endoscopy to explore the primary tumor site.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 53 cases with cervical lymph node metastasis of squamous cell carcinoma from an unknown primary were examined under NBI endoscopy. The primary tumor site was confirmed by NBI examination in 47.2% (25/53) of patients, significantly better than routine radiology and endoscopy (0, P < 0.001). These primary tumors were small and superficial, with characteristic mucosal vascular morphologies. The superficial nasopharyngeal carcinomas under NBI examination showed the superficial thin branch-like or torturous line microvessels. The notable characteristics of the squamous cell carcinoma of oropharynx, hypopharynx and larynx was the well demarcated brownish area and scattered brown dots.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The NBI endoscopy can provide better visualization of the morphology of superficial mucosal vasculature and improve the ability to detect possible primary cancer in patients with primary unknown cervical lymph node metastasis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma , Carcinoma in Situ , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Follow-Up Studies , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Lymphatic Metastasis , Narrow Band Imaging , Methods , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Neoplasms, Unknown Primary , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Therapeutics
8.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 913-917, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312387

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic mucous resection with transparent cap (EMR-Cap) and endoscopic multi-band mucosectomy (MBM) in the treatment of early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesion.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective study was performed to review 30 EMR-Cap cases from December 2008 to December 2009 and 32 MBM cases from January 2010 to January 2011 of early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions. The differences between these two techniques in efficacy, safety, and cost were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In EMR-Cap group, the median resection time was 26(10-56) min and median procedure time was 43(22-81) min, significantly longer than those in MBM group [10(7-18) min and 32(28-45) min, P=0.036 and 0.038, respectively]. There were no significant differences between the two groups in total thickness and depth of resected lesions (P>0.05). In EMR-Cap group, the median cost was significantly higher than that of MBM group [(5466±354) vs. (4014±368) RMB, P=0.008)].</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>EMR-Cap and MBM are minimally invasive, safe and effective methods in the treatment of early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions. Compared to the EMR-Cap, MBM is simple with shorter treatment time and lower cost.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Endoscopy , Methods , Esophageal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Mucous Membrane , General Surgery , Precancerous Conditions , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 545-548, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316612

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the method displaying the hypopharynx and esophageal entrance under laryngoscopy to determine the invasion range of hypopharyngeal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 113 patients with hypopharyngeal cancer was enrolled in this study and they previously underwent conventional laryngoscopic and radiologic examinations. The esophageal entrance was exposed by injecting gas through the biopsy channel of laryngoscope. The invasion of esophageal entrance in hypopharyngeal cancers was evaluated by this method and compared with that evaluated with radiology.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Conventional laryngoscopy was unable to evaluate appreciably esophageal entrance involvement in the 113 patients with hypopharyngeal cancer. After injecting gas through the laryngoscopic biopsy channel, the esophageal entrance was clearly displayed in 96.5% (109/113) patients, showing the presence (33 cases) and absence (76 cases) of esophageal entrance invasion. Imaging examinations only showed the invasion of the esophageal entrance in 25 patients of these patients,but did not in other 8 patients. Laryngoscopy with injecting gas through the biopsy channel was superior to radiological imaging examinations in determining the invasion of the esophageal entrance (χ² = 9.103, P = 0.003).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Laryngoscopy with injecting gas through the biopsy channel is a useful method for determining the presence or absence of esophageal entrance invasion in hypopharyngeal cancer prior to surgery.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biopsy , Methods , Esophagus , Pathology , General Surgery , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Hypopharynx , Pathology , Laryngoscopy
10.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 143-147, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318277

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the value of narrow band imaging (NBI) endoscopy in the detection of laryngeal cancer and its precursor lesions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between December 2008 and July 2009, a total of 122 consecutive patients with suspected precancerous or cancerous lesions of the larynx were enrolled in this study. High performance endoscopic system equipped with the white light mode and NBI mode was introduced in the examination of larynx. Full pharyngeal and laryngeal examination was performed first under white light endoscope and then under NBI. Each lesion was observed by NBI endoscopy and classified according to the detailed morphologic findings of epithelial microvessels. Histological results were then compared to the corresponding white light and NBI images.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 122 patients, a total of 149 lesions were detected by white light and NBI modes. The histological diagnoses of these lesions were as follows: 16 laryngeal polyp, 7 laryngitis, 24 simple hyperplasia, 17 mild dysplasia, 6 moderate dysplasia, 6 severe dysplasia, 9 carcinoma in situ, 64 invasive cancer. The diagnostic accuracy by NBI for the laryngeal lesions was 90.6% (135/149), which was significantly higher than that of white light (75.2%, 112/149, chi² = 12.514, P < 0.001). The sensitivity of NBI and white light to detect laryngeal carcinoma was 93.2% (68/73) and 68.5% (50/73), respectively (chi² = 14.317, P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>NBI endoscopy was a promising tool for the differentiation of non-malignant from malignant laryngeal lesions in vivo by detection of the morphology of mucosal capillary vessels. NBI endoscopy was easy to application in the routine pharyngolaryngeal examination with high sensitivity, and facilitated to improve the abilities of preoperative diagnosis and postoperative surveillance.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Early Detection of Cancer , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , Laryngoscopes , Laryngoscopy
11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 536-540, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293072

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the value of transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) combined with transesophageal endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in the diagnosis of mediastinal and pulmonary hilar lesions as well as in the lymph node staging (N staging) of lung cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>129 patients with mediastinal and pulmonary hilar lesions underwent either TBNA or EUS-FNA with cytological needle aspiration. The samples obtained from TBNA or EUS-FNA were examined by both cytologiy and histopathology.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 129 patients, 59 underwent TBNA and 70 EUS-FNA. The diagnostic rate were 84.7% (50/59) by TBNA and 94.3% (66/70) by EUS-FNA, resepectively. The diagnosis of 116 (89.9%) patients were confirmed by either TBNA or EUS-FNA. The pathological and cytological diagnostic rates were 92.2% (107/116) and 88.0% (102/116), resepectively. The diagnostic rate was elevated by 8.4% (9/107) through pathological examination. The histological classification rates by cytological and pathological examination were 73.8% (76/116) and 89.3% (92/103), respectively. The diagnostic rate of histological classification was elevated by 35.5% (27/76) through pathological examination.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The combination of TBNA and EUS-FNA can improve the diagnostic rate for wider mediastinal and pulmlonary hilar lesions. Pathological examination of the samples obtained from the TBNA and EUS-FNA can elevate not only the rate of diagnosis but also the rate of histological classification.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adenocarcinoma , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Methods , Biopsy, Needle , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Endosonography , Methods , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Lymph Nodes , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Mediastinal Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Mediastinum , Neoplasm Staging , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 682-685, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255603

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate prospectively the efficacy of ultrasonography (US), helical computed tomography (HCT), endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the assessment of vascular invasion and lymph node metastasis in pancreatic carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Consecutive 68 patients with pancreatic carcinoma were studied. Results of each imaging techniques regarding vascular invasion and lymph node metastasis were compared with the surgical and pathological findings.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) US findings were confirmed moderately in accordance with surgical and pathological results in the evaluation of inferior cava vein, splenic artery and vein invasion of pancreatic carcinoma. HCT findings of evaluating superior mesenteric vein, portal vein, splenic vein were confirmed greatly in accordance with surgical and pathological results. The results of evaluating superior mesenteric artery, inferior cava vein, splenic artery, common hepatic artery, proper hepatic artery, celiac trunk, abdominal aorta were confirmed moderately in accordance with surgical and pathological results. MRI findings of evaluating superior mesenteric artery and vein, portal artery and vein were moderately in accordance with surgical and pathological results. EUS findings of evaluating splenic vein were confirmed greatly in accordance with surgical and pathological results, and moderately in accordance with surgical and pathological results in the evaluation of superior mesenteric vein. (2) EUS had the highest sensitivity (75.0%), accuracy (87.5%), and negative predictive values (91.7%) in the evaluation of lymph node metastasis. The sensitivity of HCT and MRI were 37.5% and 35.3%, which were significantly lower than that of EUS. The sensitivity of US was 18.7%, which was the lowest of all. In addition, the multivariate logistic regression analysis confirmed that EUS had an independent predictive value (OR: 34.50, 95%CI: 6.54 - 182.09).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Helical CT should be considered the most precise technique to evaluate vascular invasion. EUS had an independent predictive value with respect to tumor metastasis to regional lymph nodes.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Vessels , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Endosonography , Methods , Lymphatic Metastasis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Prospective Studies , Tomography, Spiral Computed , Methods , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color , Methods
13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 270-273, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348115

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate prospectively the efficacy and clinical significance of ultrasonography (US), helical computed tomography (HCT), endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in assessing locoregional invasion to the surrounding tissue or organs of primary pancreatic carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-eight consecutive patients with pancreatic carcinoma underwent US, HCT, EUS and MRI examinations before surgical exploration. All imaging results in terms of tumor size and locoregional invasion were assessed separately by two diagnostic radiologists and compared with the surgical and pathological findings.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the HCT, US, EUS and MRI examinations, EUS had the highest accuracy in assessing tumor size with a regression coefficient for the maximal and minimal diameter of 1.0250 (P = 0.0426) and 0.9873 (P < 0.0001), respectively. In the assessment of locoregional invasion to the surrounding tissue or organs, EUS also had the highest accuracy (75.8%) and sensitivity (80.0%), but MRI had the highest positive predicting value (97.4%). None of these four imaging techniques was significantly correlated with the surgical findings when analyzed by univariate logistic regression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Endoscopic ultrasonography may be the most useful imaging technique in assessing tumor size, but for assessing loco-regional invasion of primary pancreatic carcinoma, combination of more than one imaging techniques may be necessary.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Diagnostic Imaging , Methods , Endosonography , Logistic Models , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , Prospective Studies , Radionuclide Imaging , Tomography, Spiral Computed , Tumor Burden
14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 342-344, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271018

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the imaging patterns of endoscopy aided by iodine stain and histological diagnosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A balloon cytological screening was conducted in 4000 participants in high-risk area of esophageal cancer in 1997-1998, 1050 out of these 4000 participants were confirmed as abnormal by cytology. Among them, 867 were given endoscopy examination during which mucosal stain with 1.2% iodine solution was used. The stain images were graded as four categories: Grade 1, dark yellow, protruding inlay-like with clear borders and showing pink after discoloration; Grade 2, between grade 1 and grade 3; Grade 3, light yellow, flat lesion with clear but not sharp borders and Grade 4, dark-brown color. According to the above criteria, the lesions were recorded and graded after the examination. The biopsies were taken from the unstained lesions and underwent pathologic evaluation. A comparison between the imaging patterns of endoscopy aided by iodine stain and histological diagnosis was evaluated. The correlation coefficient was estimated using Spearman's Rank Correlation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>94.4% (68/72) of the superficial carcinoma and severe dysplasia, 61.8% (73/118) of moderate dysplasia and 27.7% (35/126) of mild dysplasia were distributed in the grade 1 and grade 2 of iodine stain images of which the patterns conforming to the principle and rule of formation of the image by iodine stain.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There is close relationship between the imaging patterns of endoscopy aided by iodine stain and histological diagnosis. The magnitude of exposure of the malignant tissue is the pathologic basis of formation of various images by iodine stain. Iodine stain greatly helps of early detection of esophageal cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Biopsy , Early Diagnosis , Esophageal Neoplasms , Pathology , Esophagoscopy , Methods , Iodine , Precancerous Conditions , Pathology , Staining and Labeling , Methods
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