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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 172-179, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969760

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of female patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection. Methods: This is a single-centre retrospective study. Consecutive patients diagnosed with Stanford type B aortic dissection in General Hospital of Northern Theater Command from June 2002 to August 2021 were enrolled, and grouped based on sex. According to the general clinical conditions and complications of aortic dissection tear, patients were treated with thoracic endovascular aortic repair, surgery, or optimal medication. The clinical characteristics and aortic imaging data of the patients at different stages were collected, adverse events including all-cause deaths, stroke, and occurrence of aortic-related adverse events were obtained during hospitalization and within 30 days and at 1 and 5 years after discharge. According to the time of death, death was classified as in-hospital death, out-of-hospital death, and in-hospital death was divided into preoperative death, intraoperative death and postoperative death. According to the cause of death, death was classified as aortic death, cardiac death and other causes of death. Aortic-related adverse events within 30 days after discharge included new paraplegia, post-luminal repair syndrome, and aortic death; long-term (≥1 year after discharge) aortic-related adverse events included aortic death, recurrent aortic dissection, endoleak and distal ulcer events. The clinical characteristics, short-term and long-term prognosis was compared between the groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the association between different clinical factors and all-cause mortality within 30 days in female and male groups separately. Results: A total of 1 094 patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection were enrolled, mean age was (53.9±12.1) years, and 861 (78.7%) were male and 233 (21.3%) were female. (1) Clinical characteristics: compared with male patients, female patients were featured with older average age, higher proportion of aged≥60 years old, back pain, anemia, optimal medication treatment, and higher cholesterol level; while lower proportion of smoking and drinking history, body mass index, calcium antagonists use, creatine kinase level, and white blood cell count (all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in dissection tear and clinical stage, history of coronary heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and cerebrovascular disease between female and male patients (all P>0.05). (2) Follow-up result: compared with male patients, female patients had a higher rate of 30-day death [6.9% (16/233) vs. 3.8% (33/861), P=0.047], in-hospital death (5.6% (13/233) vs. 2.7% (23/861), P=0.027), preoperative death (3.9% (9/233) vs. 1.5% (12/861), P=0.023) and aorta death (6.0% (14/233) vs. 3.1% (27/861), P=0.041). The 1-year and 5-year follow-up results demonstrated that there were no significant differences in death, cerebrovascular disease, and aorta-related adverse events between the two groups (all P>0.05). (3) Prognostic factors: the results of the univariate logistic regression analysis showed that body mass index>24 kg/m2 (HR=1.087, 95%CI 1.029-1.149, P=0.013), history of anemia (HR=2.987, 95%CI 1.054-8.468, P=0.032), hypertension (HR=1.094, 95%CI 1.047-1.143, P=0.040) and troponin-T>0.05 μg/L (HR=5.818, 95%CI 1.611-21.018, P=0.003)were associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality within 30 days in female patients. Conclusions: Female patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection have specific clinical characteristics, such as older age at presentation, higher rates of anemia and combined back pain, and higher total cholesterol levels. The risk of death within 1 month is higher in female patients than in male patients, which may be associated with body mass index, hypertension, anemia and troponin-T, but the long-term prognosis for both female and male patients is comparable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Prognosis , Hospital Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Troponin T , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Aortic Dissection , Hypertension/complications , Cholesterol , Risk Factors
2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1082-1088, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941405

ABSTRACT

Objective: To develop a set of data elements and standardized definitions of Coronary Artery Disease and Creative Antithrombotic Clinical Research Collaboration (CardiaCare), aiming to facilitate the exchange of disparate data sources, enhance the abilities to support multicenter researches, and subsequently ensure the databases use under standardized process and criteria. Methods: The Cardiacare writing committee members reviewed data elements and definitions from published guidelines, clinical trials, databases, and standardized documents, then determined the data elements and standardized definitions, which should be included in CardiaCare. The writing committee also considered the specific domestic clinical management strategies during the establishment of Cardiacare. The resulting documents provide a series of key data elements and standardized definitions used in the management of coronary artery disease patients. Key data elements from CardiaCare could be sorted by clinical management flowsheet and outcome from hospitalization to long-term follow-up. Results: The Cardiacare standardized set comprised 864 data elements from admission to post-hospital follow-up visit. There were 8 tables in the documents, including demographic and admission information (23 elements), medical history and risk factors (102 elements), clinical presentations and diagnosis (22 elements), diagnostic and laboratory tests (111 elements), interventional diagnosis and treatment (118 elements), pharmacological therapy (213 elements), clinical outcomes (161 elements), and special subpopulations (114 elements: 87 elements for transcatheter valve replacement and 27 elements with cardiac rehabilitation). Conclusions: The Cardiacare standardized data elements set could provide support for real-world clinical research in consecutive data collection and databases mining. A wider applicability in various settings of CardiaCare needs to be explored further.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiac Rehabilitation , Coronary Artery Disease/drug therapy , Fibrinolytic Agents
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 783-789, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941353

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of platelet reactivity and other clinical factors on the postoperative 1-year adverse clinical events in patients who underwent selective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) anticoagulated with bivalirudin. Methods: This is a multicenter, retrospective and observational study, enrolling 632 patients at high risk of bleeding adjudicated by operators who underwent selective PCI anticoagulated with bivalirudin and had preoperative thrombelastography (TEG) test results in Fuwai Hospital, Northern Theater General Hospital and Xinxiang Central Hospital between January 2017 and August 2018. Platelet reactivity was tested by TEG and adenosine-induced maximal amplitude (MAADP) was recorded. According to MAADP patients were divided into three groups: low on-treatment platelet reactivity (LTPR) group (MAADP<31 mm, n=229), normal on-treatment platelet reactivity (NTPR) group (31 mm≤MAADP≤47 mm, n=207) and high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) group (MAADP>47 mm, n=196). The endpoints consisted of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and bleeding events. The definition of MACCE was the composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, intrastent thrombosis, stroke and revascularization. Bleeding events were defined by bleeding academic research consortium (BARC) type 2, 3 and 5 bleeding. Using multivariate Cox regression to analyze the factors of MACCE and bleeding events in patients underwent selective PCI anticoagulated with bivalirudin. Results: A total of 632 patients were finally enrolled in the study with age of (68.3±10.0) years and there were 423 (66.9%) males. All of 632 patients finished one-year follow-up, and 48 (7.6%) patients occurred MACCE and 11 (1.7%) patients occurred bleeding events. There was not statistically significant difference in the incidence of MACCE (8.3% (19/229) vs. 6.3% (13/207) vs.8.2% (16/196), P=0.68) and bleeding events (1.8% (4/229) vs. 2.9% (6/207) vs. 0.5% (1/196), P=0.17) in LTPR, NTPR and HTPR group. Multivariate Cox regression showed that HTPR was not the independent factor of MACCE (HR=1.25, 95%CI 0.67-2.30, P=0.49), and the history of peripheral vessel disease was the independent risk factor of MACCE (HR=2.47, 95%CI 1.19-5.11, P=0.02). LTPR was not the independent factor of bleeding events (HR=1.35, 95%CI 0.39-4.66, P=0.64), and the independent factors of bleeding events were history of peripheral vessel disease (HR=3.95, 95%CI 1.03-15.22, P=0.05) and hemoglobin (HR=0.96, 95%CI 0.93-0.99, P=0.01). Conclusions: In patients undergoing selective PCI anticoagulated with bivalirudin, there is no significant association between platelet reactivity and postoperative 1-year MACCE or bleeding events. History of peripheral vessel disease is an independent risk factor of MACCE, and history of peripheral vessel disease and decreased hemoglobin are independent risk factors of bleeding events.

4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 121-127, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941247

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the five-year safety and efficacy of the second generation biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (EXCROSSAL) in treating patients with de novo coronary artery diseases. Methods: Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD)who were implanted with EXTROSSAL stents in CREDIT Ⅱ and CREDIT Ⅲ study were included. CREDIT Ⅱ was a randomized trial, and CREDIT Ⅲ was a single-arm study. From November 2013 to December 2014, 833 CAD patients with de novo coronary lesions implanted with EXTROSSAL stents were selected from 33 centers in China. The primary outcome was 5-year target lesion failure (TLF), a composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction and clinically indicated target lesion revascularization. Secondary endpoints was patient-oriented composite endpoint (PoCE), including all-cause death, all myocardial infarction, or any revascularization within 5 years post stenting and stent thrombosis according to Academic Research Consortium's (ARC) definition. Kaplan Meier method was used to calculate the incidence of TLF and PoCE within 5 years after operation. Univariate Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the impacts of diabetes, small vessel disease (vessel diameter ≤ 2.74 mm), lesion length ≥ 16.7 mm and multivessel disease on the incidence of TLF within 5 years after operation. Results: A total of 833 patients were included in this study including 579 males (69.5%), the age was (59.3±9.1) years. And 832 (99.9%) patients completed 5-year clinical follow-up. The incidence of TLF and PoCE in the 5-year follow-up were 10.6%(86/811) and 15.5%(126/811), respectively. Stent thrombosis occurred in 1.0%(8/811) of patients. Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that vessel diameter ≤ 2.74 mm (HR=3.20,95%CI 1.90-5.39,P<0.001), lesion length ≥ 16.7 mm (HR=1.88,95%CI 1.18-2.99,P=0.007) and multivessel disease (HR=2.44,95%CI 1.60-3.72,P<0.001) were related factors of TLF within 5 years after operation. Conclusion: EXCROSSAL stent is effective and safe in treating CAD patients with de novo coronary lesions, with low incidence of TLF and PoCE within 5 years after operation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Agents , China , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Drug-Eluting Stents , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Polymers , Risk Factors , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Interventional Cardiology ; (4): 23-27, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744557

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics in clinical, angiographic and percutaneous intervention (PCI) aspects of patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO) across different age groups, especially in young patients. Methods This study retrospectively analyzed 195 cases of CTO lesions admitted to the Department of Cardiology, General Hospital of Northern Theater Command from 2009 to 2014. These 1951 patients with CTO had undergone PCI and were divided into the young CTO group (≤44 years), the middle-aged CTO group (45-59 years) and the senior CTO group (≥60 years) according to their age. All patients had objective evidence of angina pectoris or myocardial ischemia before PCI. All the clinical features, coronary angiographic results, PCI related data and hospitalization outcome were all derived from our hospital PCI archives. Results There were significant differences in male ratio, body mass index, smoking and, drinking habit, creatinine clearance, triglyceride and LDL levels across the three groups (all P<0.05), and the highest values were found in the young patient group. The prevalence of unstable angina pectoris, hypertension and stroke were lowest in the young patient group (all P<0.05). The number of stenotic vessels and CTO occlusion time were less in young patients (all P <0.05). There was no significant difference among the three groups in CTO vascular distribution, coronary collateral Rentrop degree, CTO lesion length, CTO lesion diameter and CTO lesion characteristics (blunt CTO, CTO with bridging collateral and proximal branch of CTO lesion). There were no significant differences among the three groups in the volume of contrast agent used, CTO operation time, average stent number and average stent length (P>0.05). The procedural success rate of target vessels, races complete revascularization and mean stent diameter were highest in the young patient group (P<0.001).Conclusions Young CTO patients had typical risk factors of coronary heart disease with higher PCI success rate to target vessels and complete revascularization rate, which may be related to the short history of CTO.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 508-515, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342004

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>High platelet reactivity (HPR) during clopidogrel treatment predicts postpercutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) ischemic events strongly and independently. Tongxinluo capsules (TCs) are a traditional Chinese medicine formulation used as antiplatelet treatment. However, its efficacy against HPR is not known. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of TCs in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with HPR.</p><p><b>Methods</b>This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study prospectively analyzed 136 ACS patients with HPR who underwent PCI. The patients were enrolled from November 2013 to May 2014 and randomized to receive placebo or TCs in addition to standard dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and clopidogrel. The primary end points were the prevalence of HPR at 30 days and the mean change in P2Yreaction units (PRUs) between baseline and 30 days. Survival curves were constructed with Kaplan-Meier estimates and compared by log-rank tests between the two groups.</p><p><b>Results</b>Both groups had a significantly reduced prevalence of HPR at 30 days versus baseline, but the TC group, compared with the placebo group, had greater reduction (15.8% vs. 24.8%, P = 0.013), especially among patients with one cytochrome P450 2C19 loss of function (LOF) allele (χ= 2.931, P = 0.047). The TC group also had a lower prevalence of HPR (33.3% vs. 54.2%, t = 5.284, P = 0.022) and superior performance in light transmittance aggregometry and higher levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), but the composite prevalence of ischemic events did not differ significantly (χ= 1.587, P = 0.208).</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>In addition to standard DAPT with aspirin and clopidogrel, TCs further reduce PRU and hsCRP levels, especially in patients carrying only one LOF allele. The data suggest that TCs could be used in combination therapy for ACS patients with HPR undergoing PCI.</p>

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1412-1419, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688103

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Very few data have been reported for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) caused by unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) occlusion, and very little is known about the results of this subgroup of patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The aim of this study was to determine the clinical features and outcomes of patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI for acute ULMCA occlusion.</p><p><b>Methods</b>From January 2000 to February 2014, 372 patients with STEMI caused by ULMCA acute occlusion (ULMCA-STEMI) who underwent primary PCI at one of two centers were enrolled. The 230 patients with non-ST-segment elevation MI (NSTEMI) caused by ULMCA lesion (ULMCA-NSTEMI) who underwent emergency PCI were designated the control group. The main indexes were the major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in-hospital, at 1 month, and at 1 year.</p><p><b>Results</b>Compared to the NSTEMI patients, the patients with STEMI had significantly higher rates of Killip class≥III (21.2% vs. 3.5%, χ = 36.253, P < 0.001) and cardiac arrest (8.3% vs. 3.5%, χ = 5.529, P = 0.019). For both groups, the proportions of one-year cardiac death in the patients with a post-procedure thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade<3 were significantly higher than those in the patients with a TIMI flow grade of 3 (STEMI group: 51.7% [15/29] vs. 4.1% [14/343], P < 0.001; NSTEMI group: 33.3% [3/9] vs. 13.6% [3/221], P = 0.001; respectively]. Landmark analysis showed that the patients in STEMI group were associated with higher risks of MACE (16.7% vs. 9.1%, P = 0.009) and cardiac death (5.4% vs. 1.3%, P = 0.011) compared with NSTEMI patients at 1 month. Meanwhile, in patients with ULMCA, the landmark analysis for incidences of MACE and cardiac death was similar between the STEMI and NSTEMI (all P = 0.72) in the intervals of 1-12 months. However, patients who were diagnosed with STEMI or NSTEMI had no significant difference in reinfarction (all P > 0.05) and TVR (all P > 0.05) in the intervals of 0-1 month as well as 1 month to 1 year. The results of Cox regression analysis showed that the differences in the independent predictors for MACE included the variables of Killip class ≥ III and intra-aortic balloon pump support for the STEMI patients and the variables of previous MI, ULMCA distal bifurcation, and 2-stent for distal ULMCA lesions for the NSTEMI patients.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>Compared to the NSTEMI patients, the patients with STEMI and ULMCA lesions still remain at a much higher risk for adverse events at 1 year, especially on 1 month. If a successful PCI procedure is performed, the 1-year outcomes in those patients might improve.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Occlusion , Pathology , General Surgery , Coronary Vessels , Pathology , General Surgery , Myocardial Infarction , Pathology , General Surgery , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Pathology , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1430-1435, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688101

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>The prevalence, presentation, management, and prognosis of coronary heart disease differ according to sex. Greater understanding on the differences between men and women with acute aortic dissection (AAD) is needed. We aimed to investigate whether sex disparities are found in patients with AAD, and to study sex differences in complications, mortality in-hospital, and long-term.</p><p><b>Methods</b>We included 884 patients enrolled in our institute between June 2002 and May 2016. Considering psychosocial factors, treatments, and the outcomes in men versus those in women with AAD, we explored the association of sex with psychosocial characteristics and mortality risk. For categorical variables, significant differences between groups were assessed with the Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test, and continuous parameters were assessed with Student's t-test. Univariate and stratified survival statistics were computed using Kaplan-Meier analysis.</p><p><b>Results</b>A total of 884 patients (76.1% male, mean age 51.4 ± 11.8 years) were included in this study. There were fewer current smokers in female compared with male (17.5% vs. 67.2%, χ = 160.06, P < 0.05). The percentage of men who reported regular alcohol consumption was significantly higher than that in women (40.6% vs. 3.8%, χ = 100.18, P < 0.05). About 6.2% (55 of 884) of patients with AAD died before vascular or endovascular surgery was performed, 34.4% (304 of 884) of patients underwent surgical procedures, and 52.7% (466 of 884) and 12.8% (113 of 884) of patients received endovascular treatment and medication. Postoperative mortality similar (6.0% vs. 5.6%, respectively, χ = 0.03, P = 0.91) between men and women. Follow-up was completed in 653 of 829 patients (78.8%). Adjustment for age, history of coronary disease, hypertension, smoking and drinking, Type A and use of beta-blocker, angiotensin II receptor blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, calcium-channel blockers and statins by multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that age (odds ratios [OR s], 1.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-1.07; P < 0.05), using of calcium-channel blockers (OR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.18-0.74; P < 0.05), at discharge were independent predictors of late mortality, ACE inhibitors (OR, 1.91; 95% CI, 1.03-3.54; P = 0.04) was independent risk factor of late mortality.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>In Chinese with AAD, sex is not independently associated with long-term clinical outcomes. Age, the intake of calcium-channel blockers at discharge might help to improve long-term outcomes.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Age Factors , Aortic Dissection , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Calcium Channel Blockers , Therapeutic Uses , Hypertension , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Logistic Models , Odds Ratio , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2321-2325, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248989

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Acute aortic dissection is known as the most dangerous aortic disease, with management and prognosis determined as the disruption of the medial layer provoked by intramural bleeding. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and necessity of antiplatelet therapy on patients with Stanford Type B aortic dissection (TBAD) who underwent endovascular aortic repair (EVAR).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The present study retrospectively analyzed 388 patients with TBAD who underwent EVAR and coronary angiography. The primary outcomes were hemorrhage, death, endoleak, recurrent dissection, myocardial infarction, and cerebral infarction in patients with and without aspirin antiplatelet therapy at 1 month and 12 months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of those 388 patients, 139 (35.8%) patients were treated with aspirin and 249 (64.2%) patients were not treated with aspirin. Patients in the aspirin group were elderly (57.0 ± 10.3 years vs. 52.5 ± 11.9 years, respectively, χ2 = 3.812, P < 0.001) and had more hypertension (92.1% vs. 83.9%, respectively, χ2 = 5.191, P = 0.023) and diabetes (7.2% vs. 2.8%, respectively, χ2 = 4.090, P = 0.043) than in the no-aspirin group. Twelve patients (aspirin group vs. no-aspirin group; 3.6% vs. 2.8%, respectively, χ2 = 0.184, P = 0.668) died at 1-month follow-up, while the number was 18 (4.6% vs. 5.0%, respectively, χ2 = 0.027, P = 0.870) at 12-month follow-up. Hemorrhage occurred in 1 patient (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium [BARC] Type 2) of the aspirin group, and 3 patients (1 BARC Type 2 and 2 BARC Type 5) in the no-aspirin group at 1-month follow-up (χ2 = 0.005, P = 0.944). New hemorrhage occurred in five patients in the no-aspirin group at 12-month follow-up. Three patients in the aspirin group while five patients in the no-aspirin group had recurrent dissection for endoleak at 1-month follow-up (2.3% vs. 2.2%, respectively, χ2 = 0.074, P = 0.816). Four patients had new dissection in the no-aspirin group at 12-month follow-up (2.3% vs. 3.8%, respectively, χ2 = 0.194, P = 0.660). Each group had one patient with myocardial infarction at 1-month follow-up (0.8% vs. 0.4%, respectively, χ2 = 0.102, P = 0.749) and one more patient in the no-aspirin group at 12-month follow-up. No one had cerebral infarction in both groups during the 12-month follow-up. In the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) subgroup, 44 (31.7%) patients had taken dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT, aspirin + clopidogrel) and the other 95 (68.3%) patients had taken only aspirin. There was no significant difference in hemorrhage (0% vs. 1.1%, respectively, χ2 = 0.144, P = 0.704), death (4.8% vs. 4.5%, respectively, χ2 = 0.154, P = 0.695), myocardial infarction (2.4% vs. 0%, respectively, χ2 = 0.144, P = 0.704), endoleak, and recurrent dissection (0% vs. 3.4%, respectively, χ2 = 0.344, P = 0.558) between the two groups at 12-month follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The present study indicated that long-term oral low-dose aspirin was safe for patients with both TBAD and coronary heart disease who underwent EVAR. For the patients who underwent both EVAR and PCI, DAPT also showed no increase in hemorrhage, endoleak, recurrent dissection, death, and myocardial infarction.</p>

10.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12): 271-274, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850183

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess impact of selective thrombus aspiration (TA) during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) on long-term prognosis in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods Between Jan. 2008 and Jan. 2014, a total of 2357 STEMI patients [429 in thrombus aspiration (TA) group and 1928 in routine percutaneous coronsry intorventim (PCI) group (control group)] were eligible for the study criteria and candidates for pPCI were enrolled in this study. The reflow of the involved vessel in pPCI procedure, stent thrombosis and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were comparatively analyzed in the two groups during hospital stay and 12-month follow-up period. Results Although the success rate of TA procedure was significantly lower in TA group compared with that in control group (P0.001), both the TIMI flow grade ≥2 after TA procedure and stent implantation occurred more frequently in TA group than in control group (P0.05). The rates of MACE and stent thrombosis showed no difference between two groups during in-hospital and 12-month follow-up period (P>0.05). But the rates of total MACE and target vessel revascularization were significantly higher in control group than in TA group (P=0.04). Conclusion Selective TA procedure before primary PCI could improve final myocardial reperfusion, reduce the incidence of MACE and improve the 1-year clinical result for STEMI patients.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 721-726, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350414

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Recent studies reported that percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation was safe and feasible for the treatment of left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease in select patients. However, it is unclear whether drug-eluting stents (DESs) have better outcomes in patients with LMCA disease compared with bare-metal stent (BMS) during long-term follow-up in Chinese populations.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From a perspective multicenter registry, 1136 consecutive patients, who underwent BMS or DES implantation for unprotected LMCA stenosis, were divided into two groups: 1007 underwent DES implantation, and 129 underwent BMS implantation. The primary outcome was the rate of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), including cardiovascular (CV) death, myocardial infarction (MI), and target lesion revascularization (TLR) at 5 years postimplantation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Patients in the DES group were older and more likely to have hyperlipidemia and bifurcation lesions. They had smaller vessels and longer lesions than patients in the BMS group. In the adjusted cohort of patients, the DES group had significantly lower 5 years rates of MACE (19.4% vs. 31.8%, P = 0.022), CV death (7.0% vs. 14.7%, P = 0.045), and MI (5.4% vs. 12.4%, P = 0.049) than the BMS group. There were no significant differences in the rate of TLR (10.9% vs. 17.8%, P = 0.110) and stent thrombosis (4.7% vs. 3.9%, P = 0.758). The rates of MACE (80.6% vs. 68.2%, P = 0.023), CV death (93.0% vs. 85.3%, P = 0.045), TLR (84.5% vs. 72.1%, P = 0.014), and MI (89.9% vs. 80.6%, P = 0.029) free survival were significantly higher in the DES group than in the BMS group. When the propensity score was included as a covariate in the Cox model, the adjusted hazard ratios for the risk of CV death and MI were 0.41 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.21-0.63, P = 0.029) and 0.29 (95% CI: 0.08-0.92, P = 0.037), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>DES implantation was associated with more favorable clinical outcomes than BMS implantation for the treatment of LMCA disease even though there was no significant difference in the rate of TLR between the two groups.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , General Surgery , Drug-Eluting Stents , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Methods , Prospective Studies , Stents , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 784-789, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350403

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Current randomized trials have demonstrated the effects of short-term rosuvastatin therapy in preventing contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CIAKI). However, the consistency of these effects on patients administered different volumes of contrast media is unknown.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In the TRACK-D trial, 2998 patients with type 2 diabetes and concomitant chronic kidney disease (CKD) who underwent coronary/peripheral arterial angiography with or without percutaneous intervention were randomized to short-term (2 days before and 3 days after procedure) rosuvastatin therapy or standard-of-care. This prespecified analysis compared the effects of rosuvastatin versus standard therapy in patients exposed to (moderate contrast volume [MCV], 200-300 ml, n = 712) or (high contrast volume [HCV], ≥ 300 ml, n = 220). The primary outcome was the incidence of CIAKI. The secondary outcome was a composite of death, dialysis/hemofiltration or worsened heart failure at 30 days.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Rosuvastatin treatment was associated with a significant reduction in CIAKI compared with the controls (2.1% vs. 4.4%, P = 0.050) in the overall cohort and in patients with MCV (1.7% vs. 4.5%, P = 0.029), whereas no benefit was observed in patients with HCV (3.4% vs. 3.9%, P = 0.834). The incidence of secondary outcomes was significantly lower in the rosuvastatin group compared with control group (2.7% vs. 5.3%, P = 0.049) in the overall cohort, but it was similar between the patients with MCV (2.0% vs. 4.2%, P = 0.081) or HCV (5.1% vs. 8.8%, P = 0.273).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Periprocedural short-term rosuvastatin treatment is effective in reducing CIAKI and adverse clinical events for patients with diabetes and CKD after their exposure to a moderate volume of contrast medium.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Kidney Injury , Contrast Media , Fluorobenzenes , Therapeutic Uses , Pyrimidines , Therapeutic Uses , Rosuvastatin Calcium , Sulfonamides , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 324-330, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265448

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects and molecular mechanisms of the cellular repressor of E1A-stimulated genes (CREG) on the apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), the human internal thoracic artery-Shenyang (HITASY) cells were infected with sense-CREG [pLNCX(2)(+)/CREG] and antisense-CREG [pLXSN(-)/CREG] retrovirus respectively. The stably infected cells were obtained by screening the G418-resistant clones. DAPI nuclei staining and Annexin V/PI FASC assay indicated that over-expression of CREG in HITASY cells infected with pLNCX(2) (+)/CREG inhibited VSMC apoptosis induced by serum deprivation, accompanied with decreased expression of caspase-9 mRNA detected by RT-PCR. Furthermore, Western blot analysis showed that p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) expression and activation were significantly enhanced in HITASY cells infected with pLNCX(2) (+)/CREG. The inhibition of CREG protein expression in cells infected with pLXSN(-)/CREG promoted the VSMC spontaneous apoptosis, as well as down-regulated p38 MAPK expression and activation, when cells were cultured with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) mediums. These results implicate that the CREG protein has the ability to regulate VSMC apoptosis in which the activation of p38 MAPK is possibly involved. To further identify the role of p38 MAPK in VSMC apoptosis, SB203580, a specific inhibitor of p38 MAPK, was used to inhibit p38 MAPK activity. When p38 MAPK signaling pathway was blocked, the effects that over-expression of CREG protein inhibited VSMC apoptosis disappeared. Taken together, the present work indicates that over-expression of CREG protein inhibits VSMC apoptosis, and this inhibitory effect is partly mediated by p38 MAPK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Physiology , Caspase 9 , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Biology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Metabolism , Repressor Proteins , Genetics , Physiology , Signal Transduction , Physiology , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 544-550, 2006.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267087

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Angioplasty in the unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) has been controversial. This study aims to evaluate the safety and clinical effectiveness of stenting, including bare metal stent and drug eluting stent (DES), for treatment of unprotected LMCA disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between September 1997 and December 2005, a total of 297 consecutive patients underwent percutanous coronary intervention (PCI) on LMCA lesions in our hospital. Their in-hospital data and clinical follow-up outcomes were analyzed and those in pre-DES "era" (group I, from September 1997 to December 2002) were compared with those in DES "era" (group II, from January 2003 to December 2004. Patients in 2005 for the time of follow-up less than one year were not included in this group).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Altogether 368 coronary stents were successfully deployed in 295 patients. Stents failed to be implanted after balloon predilation in two patients, who received coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) successfully. Bifurcation techniques for distal LMCA executed in 206 patients (69.4%, 206/297), included crossover stenting in 156 (75.7%), T stenting in 4 (1.9%), provisional T stenting in 28 (13.6%), kissing stenting in 5 (2.4%) and stent crushing in 13 (6.3%) patients. During their hospital stay, 5 (1.7%) patients died after PCI procedure, of which 4 died from cardiac origin and one of renal failure. The total in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were 2.0% (6/297). In the follow-up period, 19 patients (6.5%) died [15 (5.1%) of cardiac death and 4 of non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI)]. Besides, 2 (0.7%) developed subacute thrombosis (SAT) and 16 (5.4%) performed target lesion revascularization (TLR). The total follow-up MACE was 14.5% (43/297). Further analysis also showed that, compared with patients in group I, those in group II apparently had more multi-vessel involvement (14.7% vs 81.9%, P < 0.001), and more bifurcation lesions (32.4% vs 72.2%, P < 0.001). After PCI, in-hospital MACE of group II was significantly lower than that in group I (1.1% vs 9.4%, P < 0.05). And the incidences of MACE, TLR and angiographic restenosis in group II were all significantly lower than those in group I (all P < 0.05) after one year follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>As new PCI strategies and intervention devices such as DES are developed, coronary stenting, which might have brought better in-hospital and long-term outcomes than CABG, are proved to be technically successful and can be safely applied for the treatment of LMCA lesions in the experienced center for coronary intervention.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Disease , Therapeutics , Follow-Up Studies , Stents
15.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680088

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of intravenous fluid infusion combined with water throuth gastrointestinal tract in treating the patients with hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state(HHS).Methods 30 HHS pa- tients were recruited.All the patients were given water throuth gastrointestinal infusion while they were administrat- ed continuously intravenous infusion.Laboratory parameters such as serum natrium,serum potasium,serum glucose and serum osmolarity ect were monitored at the admission and after treatment.Results Serum glucose and serum osmolarity of HHS patients were decreased smoothly at the speed of less than 3 mmol?L~(-1).h~(-1)during the first 12 hours after treatment.After 48 hour-treatment,serum natrium,serum potassium and serum osmolarity recovered to normal levels except 2 deaths,serum glucose decreased to(10.8?5.2)mmol/L.Conclusion Intravenous fluid infu- sion combined with water throuth gastrointestinal tract for the patients could lower smoothly serum glucose and serum osmolarity and decrease the mortality of the HHS patients.

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