Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 55
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 176-184, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953938

ABSTRACT

Safety is the core of the quality of Chinese materia medica products, and microbial pollution caused by medicinal materials, decoction pieces, intermediate products and others can bring certain impact on the quality and safety of Chinese materia medica products. The reasons for this are not only the problems of medicinal materials themselves, but also the exogenous pollution introduced in the production process. How to effectively use microbial detection technology and establish an appropriate microbial quality control strategy in the whole process of Chinese materia medica production is of great significance to improve the quality of Chinese materia medica products. Therefore, the authors put forward a microbial quality control strategy in the whole process of Chinese materia medica production based on the guidance of quality by design (QbD) concept, emphasizing the scientific linkage between the internal and external microbial quality control systems to jointly ensure the quality of products in all aspects. Among them, the internal microbial quality control system includes the control of the whole chain of Chinese materia medica-decoction pieces-intermediate products-excipitents-packaging materials-final products, which should be carried out by stages and characteristics, while the external microbial quality control system includes the control of personnel-equipment and facilities-pharmaceutical water-environment, emphasizing the principle of quality risk management and the development of monitoring programs, aiming to closely integrate microbial quality risk management with the production process of Chinese materia medica products, and to classify and develop microbial control strategies in order to minimize the impact of contaminating microorganisms and effectively guarantee the quality of Chinese materia medica products.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 88-98, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988184

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the predictive factors for the efficacy of Yiqi Yangxue prescription combined with western medicine in treating aplastic anemia (AA) in non-elderly adults, so as to provide a reference for predicting the prognosis of this therapy. MethodA retrospective study was conducted with the clinical data of non-elderly adult AA patients who visited 19 hospitals including Xiyuan Hospital of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences from September 2018 to March 2021 and were treated with Yiqi Yangxue Prescription combined with western medicine. According to the efficacy evaluation results at the 6th month of treatment, the patients were assigned into effective and ineffective groups. The two groups were compared in terms of the gender, age, disease classification [non-severe aplastic anemia (NSAA)/severe aplastic anemia (SAA)], course of disease, family history, complications, history of drug allergy, baseline blood routine examination [hemoglobin (HGB), white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil (ANC), platelet (PLT), and reticulocyte (Ret)], T lymphocyte subsets, degree of proliferation of nucleated cells in bone marrow, and expression of T-bet and GATA-3. ResultA total of 101 non-elderly adult AA patients were enrolled in this study, including 81 in the effective group and 20 in the ineffective group. The effective group had a higher proportion of the patients without a history of drug allergy than the ineffective group (P<0.05). The body height, body weight, gender, age, disease classification, course of disease, family history, and complications showed no significant differences between two groups. The effective group had higher levels of ANC and PLT before treatment (P<0.05) and higher proportion of patients with ANC≥1.6×109/L and PLT≥25×109/L (P<0.05, P<0.01) than the ineffective group. The baseline levels of WBC, HGB, and Ret showed no significant statistical differences between two groups. The levels of CD3+HLA-DR+T cells in the effective group before treatment was higher than that in the ineffective group (P<0.05). The levels of CD3+CD19-T cells, CD4+T cells, CD8+T cells, Th1 cells, Th2 cells, and CD3+CD25+T cells showed no significant statistical differences between two groups before treatment. The proportion of patients with active bone marrow nucleated cells proliferation in the effective group before treatment were significantly higher than that in the ineffective group, while the proportion of patients with reduced or extremely reduced proliferation were significantly lower than that in the ineffective group (P<0.05). The expression levels of T-bet and GATA-3 genes had no significant differences between two groups before treatment. The multivariate binary logistic regression analysis showed that the ANC level before treatment and history of drug allergy were independent influencing factors for efficacy (P<0.05, P<0.01), while other indicators were not influencing factors for efficacy. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was applied to analyze the predictive value of the ANC level before treatment in the treatment of AA in non-elderly adults with Yiqi Yangxue prescription combined with western medicine. The area under the curve was 0.679 (P<0.05), with the critical value of 1.595×109/L, the sensitivity of 0.42, and the specificity of 0.95. ConclusionThe history of drug allergy, pre-treatment ANC, PLT, CD3+HLA-DR+ T cell levels, and proliferation of nucleated cells in bone marrow before treatment are predictive factors for the efficacy of Yiqi Yangxue prescription combined with western medicine in treating AA in non-elderly adults. This therapy tends to be more effective for the patients with no history of drug allergy, higher ANC and PLT levels before treatment, especially those with ANC≥1.6×109/L, PLT≥25×109/L, and higher CD3+ HLA-DR+T cell levels and the more active proliferation of nucleated cells in bone marrow before treatment.

3.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 11-15, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934008

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and summarize the epidemiological and molecular characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant, a variant of concern (VOC), in Henan Province in 2021 in order to provide a basis for epidemic prevention and control.Methods:According to the feedback of sequencing results from Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 111 patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 Delta VOC were selected from the Henan imported and local cases in 2021. Basic patient information was obtained from the pandemic website. The differences in age, gender, vaccination history, the number of vaccine doses and different clinical types were analyzed. Moreover, the differences in RT-qPCR results of ORF1 ab gene and N gene Ct values between cases of different genders and symptoms were analyzed statistically. Sequencing results of the nucleotide and S protein mutation sites were analyzed. Results:There was no significant difference in the gender distribution of 111 cases between different age groups (χ 2=2.217, P=0.529). There was also no significant difference in clinical types between patients with different vaccination history (χ 2=12.074, P=0.209). The Ct values of most SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid-positive specimens were distributed in the lower range and the viral loads were higher. The difference in the Ct value of ORF1 ab gene between different gender groups was not statistically significant (χ 2=1.646, P=0.439), but were significantly different among asymptomatic, mild, normal, and severe cases (χ 2=13.257, P=0.039). There was no significant difference in N gene Ct value among cases of different genders or different symptoms (all P>0.05). The 111 patients in this study were mainly found through close-contact screening and full-staff nucleic acid screening and accounted for 62.2% (69 cases) of the total. The sequencing length coverage was basically greater than 99% (accounting for 90.1%, 100/111); the total number of nucleotide mutation sites was mostly in the range of 46-50 (86.4%, 89/103); the total number of S protein mutation sites was mostly 12 (82.5%, 85/103). The 103 Delta mutants all contained nine mutation sites, which were T19R, R158G, L452R, T478K, D614G, P681R, D950N, E156del and F157del, with a mutation rate of 100%. Conclusions:People were highly susceptible to the SARS-CoV-2 Delta in Henan Province in 2021. High viral load and increase in the ORF1 ab gene load would aggravate the clinical symptoms.

4.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 701-707, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957232

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the health fitness and its influencing factors among urban elderly residents in Lanzhou city.Methods:A multi-stage sampling method was used to survey urban elderly residents in Lanzhou city with self-designed questionnaire from July 17th to August 3rd, 2020. The questionnaire included general information, life habits and Healthy Fitness Measurement Scale Version 1.0 (HFMS V 1.0), a total of 1 124 questionnaires were distributed and 1 124 were collected, including 1 043 valid questionnaires (92.8%). The HFMS V 1.0 was scored with Likert 5-point scale, positive and negative scoring method. The health fitness status of the subjects was divided into low, medium and high levels according to the norms of HFMS V 1.0 for Chinese urban elderly residents. The influencing factors were analyzed by using the chi-square test and ordinal logistic regression.Results:The conversion score of HFMS V 1.0 for the urban elderly residents in Lanzhou city was 61.99±14.20, and the physical fitness score was the lowest (57.84±16.98); of the 1 043 subjects, 332 (31.83%), 360 (34.52%) and 351 (33.65%) subjects were classified with low, medium, and high health fitness levels, respectively. Chronic diseases and poor dietary habits were the risk factors for the health fitness of urban elderly residents in Lanzhou city (both P<0.05); more adequate sun exposure, physical exercise, sufficient sleep, high self-health concern and high frustration quotient were protective factors for health fitness in those subjects (all P<0.05). Conclusion:The overall level of health fitness in urban elderly residents in Lanzhou city is moderate, and chronic disease, dietary habits, sun exposure, physical exercise, length of sleep, self-health concern and frustration quotient are the main influencing factors.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 362-366, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955972

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of different crystalloid resuscitation on renal function in septic shock rabbits, and to provide a theoretical basis for the choice of crystalloid for clinical fluid resuscitation.Methods:Thirty-six healthy male New Zealand white rabbits were divided into six groups by random number table: control group, model group, and four crystalloid groups including normal saline (NS) group, lactate Ringer solution (LR) group, acetate Ringer solution (AR) group, and sodium potassium magnesium calcium glucose injection (SPMCG) group, with 6 rabbits in each group. Rabbits were infused with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 500 μg/kg via the marginal ear vein (infused at a constant speed within 20 minutes), and then continued to infuse in an increase of 300 μg/kg every 10 minutes, the maximum dose was 2 mg/kg, until the mean arterial pressure (MAP) dropped to 60% of the basal value, the septic shock model was considered to be successfully reproduced. The rabbits in the control group were not injected with LPS, and other operations were the same as in the model group. Different crystalloid groups were given crystal solution immediately after modeling for resuscitation (predetermined fluid volume 60 mL/kg, transfusion within 3 hours). The volume stress test was performed every hour to guide the fluid volume, and the stroke volume index increase rate (ΔSVI) < 15% was the end point of resuscitation. The control group and the model group were given NS 4 mL·kg -1·h -1 to maintain the physiological requirement. All groups were given tracheotomy and mechanical ventilation, and the hemodynamic changes were monitored by pulse-indicated continuous cardiac output (PiCCO). The dynamic changes of hemodynamic indexes, arterial blood gas analysis, electrolytes, blood glucose and renal function biomarkers were monitored before modeling, immediately after modeling and 3, 6, and 12 hours after resuscitation. Results:① Hemodynamic indicators: after modeling, the MAP in the model group and the four fluid resuscitation groups decreased significantly, the cardiac index (CI) increased, and the systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), global end-diastolic volumn index (GEDVI) decreased. After different crystalloid resuscitation at different time points, MAP, SVRI, and GEDVI increased in the four crystalloid groups. ②Arterial blood gas analysis, electrolytes, blood glucose: blood lactic acid (Lac) in the model group and the four fluid resuscitation groups increased after model success. After fluid resuscitation, the Lac of each crystalloid group began to decrease and reached to the lowest at 12 hours. Compared with the LR, AR and SPMCG groups, the pH value decreased in the NS group at 6 hours and 12 hours of fluid resuscitation (6 hours: 7.29±0.00 vs. 7.40±0.02, 7.35±0.02, 7.37±0.02; 12 hours: 7.27±0.02 vs. 7.38±0.02, 7.39±0.02, 7.35±0.01; all P < 0.05). After fluid resuscitation, blood Cl - levels at 3, 6, and 12 hours in the NS group were significantly higher than those in the LR, AR and SPMCG groups (mmol/L: 113.4±0.6 vs. 101.4±3.6, 108.0±1.1, 106.0±0.8 at 3 hours; 115.1±2.0 vs. 101.1±2.7, 109.0±2.2, 105.3±0.6 at 6 hours; 116.9±0.1 vs. 104.2±4.4, 107.6±1.7, 108.7±0.6 at 12 hours; all P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in blood glucose at each time point among the four crystalloid groups. ③ Biomarkers of renal function: blood and urine neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (NGAL) and cystatin C (Cys C) were significantly increased in the model group and four fluid resuscitation groups. After fluid resuscitation, blood, urine NGAL and Cys C decreased. There was no significant difference in blood, urine NGAL and Cys C at all the time points among the different fluid resuscitation groups. Conclusions:In the rabbit model of septic shock induced by Escherichia coli LPS, hyperchloremia and acidosis occurred after NS resucitation, but did not occur during the recovery of LR, AR and SPMCG. There was no difference in the effects of different crystalloid resuscitation on renal function in septic shock rabbits.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 94-101, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940801

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the efficacy of Bushen Shengxue prescription and Yiqi Yangxue prescription in the treatment of chronic aplastic anemia and the effect on T cell subsets and the expression of T-box expressed in T cells (T-bet) and GATA binding protein 3 (GATA3). MethodA total of 585 patients with chronic aplastic anemia who were treated in 19 hospitals in China from May 2018 to June 2021 were enrolled. With the prospective, double-blind and randomized control methods, the patients were randomized into three groups: kidney deficiency group, Qi and blood deficiency group, and control group. The three groups were respectively treated with Bushen Shengxue prescription granule, Yiqi Yangxue prescription granule, and Placebo (half the dose of Bushen Shengxue formula granules). In addition, all of them were given oral cyclosporin and androgen. The treatment lasted 6 months, with 3 months as a course. The blood routine indexes, T cell subsets, and fusion genes T-bet and GATA3 before and after treatment were analyzed, and the safety indexes were monitored. ResultDuring the observation, a total of 75 cases dropped out and 18 were rejected. Finally, 161 cases in the kidney deficiency group, 164 in the Qi and blood deficiency group, and 167 in the control group were included. After 6 months of treatment, the total effective rate was 98.8% (159/161) in the kidney deficiency group, which was higher than the 79.9% (131/164) in the Qi and blood deficiency group (χ2=30.135, P<0.01) and the 61.7% (103/167) in the control group (χ2=70.126, P<0.01). The total effective rate was higher in the Qi and blood deficiency group than in the control group (χ2=13.232, P<0.01). After treatment, the hemoglobin (HGB) content increased significantly in three groups (P<0.05) as compared with that before treatment, particularly the kidney deficiency group (P<0.01). After treatment, the white blood cell (WBC) count and platelet (PLT) count in the kidney deficiency group and the control group increased compared with those in the Qi and blood deficiency group (P<0.01). There was no specific difference in neutrophils (ANC) after treatment among the three groups. At the same time point, the level of T helper type 1 (Th1) cells, Th1/Th2 ratio (P<0.05), level of CD4+, and CD4+/CD8+ ratio (P<0.05) were significantly low in the kidney deficiency group among three groups. There was no significant difference in CD19-, HLA/DR+, and CD25+ between the kidney deficiency group and the other two groups, but the T-bet of the kidney deficiency group and the control group was lower than that of the Qi and blood deficiency group (P<0.05). ConclusionBushen Shengxue prescription exerts therapeutic effect on the aplastic anemia by improving the immunoregulatory mechanism, inhibiting the activity of immune system, modulating T cell subsets, suppressing Th1 and CD4+, and promoting bone marrow hematopoiesis. Moreover, it is safe with little side effects, which is worthy of further promotion.

7.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 219-224, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986504

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of apatinib monotherapy as subsequent-line therapy on patients with advanced ESCC. Methods We included 56 patients with advanced ESCC who were administered with apatinib monotherapy. The initial dosage of apatinib was 500mg or 250mg daily. Clinicopathological characteristics, adverse reaction and prognosis of the patients were analyzed. The primary endpoint of this study was PFS, the secondary endpoints were ORR, DCR, OS and safety of apatinib administration. Results All the 56 patients with ESCC corresponded with the eligibility criteria and were available for the evaluation of efficacy and adverse reaction. The ORR of the 56 patients who received apatinib monotherapy was 8.9% (95%CI: 3.0%-19.6%) and DCR was 64.3% (95%CI: 50.4%-76.6%). The median PFS was 3.7 months (95%CI: 3.19-4.21) and the median OS was 6.3 months (95%CI: 3.53-9.08). The common adverse reactions were hypertension (50.0%), fatigue (41.1%), loss of appetite (35.7%), hand-foot syndrome (30.4%) and diarrhea (26.8%). Conclusion Apatinib monotherapy demonstrates potential efficacy and tolerable safety as the further-line treatment for the patients with advanced ESCC. And the conclusion should be validated in prospective clinical studies subsequently.

8.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 182-186, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987554

ABSTRACT

To address the issue of weight gain and abnormal lipid metabolism caused by clozapine and olanzapine administration in patients with schizophrenia, a qualitative and systematic review was carried out, thus providing references for clinical treatment and future research. This review embraces the aspects of pharmacotherapy, traditional Chinese medicine treatment and so on.

9.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 239-249, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903963

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the therapeutic potential of hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) in restoring aging-induced loss of cardioprotective effect of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) along with the involvement of signaling pathways. The left hind limb was subjected to four short cycles of ischemia and reperfusion (IR) in young and aged male rats to induce RIPC. The hearts were subjected to IR injury on the Langendorff apparatus after 24 h of RIPC. The measurement of lactate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase and cardiac troponin served to assess the myocardial injury.The levels of H2S, cystathionine β-synthase (CBS), cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1α) were also measured. There was a decrease in cardioprotection in RIPC-subjected old rats in comparison to young rats along with a reduction in the myocardial levels of 2, CBS, CSE, HIF-1α, and nuclear: cytoplasmic Nrf2 ratio. Supplementation with sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS, an H2S donor) and l-cysteine ( H 2S precursor) restored the cardioprotective actions of RIPC in old hearts. It increased the levels of H2S, HIF-1α, and Nrf2 ratio without affecting CBS and CSE. YC-1 (HIF-1α antagonist) abolished the effects of NaHS and l-cysteine in RIPC-subjected old rats by decreasing the Nrf2 ratio and HIF-1α levels, without altering 2.The late phase of cardioprotection of RIPC involves an increase in the activity of H2S biosynthetic enzymes, which increases the levels of H2S to upregulate HIF-1α and Nrf2. H2S has the potential to restore aging-induced loss of cardioprotective effects of RIPC by upregulating HIF-1α/Nrf2 signaling.

10.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 874-879, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910133

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the accuracy and clinical application value of a Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning framework (MARL framework) in three-dimensional ultrasound to automatically locate the coronal plane of the uterus.Methods:A total of 144 female patients who underwent routine gynecological examinations in Luohu People′s Hospital during May 2020 were selected as the experimental subjects. The three-dimensional volume data of the uterus of all the experimental subjects were collected by using the Resona-8 high-end color Doppler ultrasound system. A sonographer with more than 5 years of clinical experience manually locate the coronal plane of the uterus in all collected data, and at the same time automatically locate the coronal plane of the uterus MARL framework. The coronal plane images of the uterus obtained by the two methods were saved, and the operation time of the two methods was recorded. The coronal plane uterine images obtained by the two methods were mixed together, and the images were scored 0-1 by two senior ultrasound experts in a double-blind manner. The average score greater than or equal to 0.6 points was considered qualified.Results:①In 144 volunteers, among the coronal planes of the uterus located by the two methods, 131 were qualified by the manual method, and 137 were qualified by the automatic method.There was no statistical difference between the manual and automatic coronal plane images of the uterus (χ 2=1.934, P=0.164) by the chi-square test. ②Using interquartile range analysis, the median and interquartile range of the image score of the automatic group was 0.80(0.75, 0.90), while the median and interquartile range of the image score of the manual group was 0.80(0.75, 0.90). The Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to analyze the quality of the coronal plane images obtained by manual and automatic methods, and the difference was not statistically significant ( Z=1.241, P=0.215). ③The paired t test was used to compare the time required to locate the coronal surface of the uterus, by manual method (63.65±10.182)s, by automatic method (3.25±0.294)s, the difference between the two methods was statistically significant ( t=19.52, P<0.001). Conclusions:The method based on MARL framework has a high correlation with the manual locating of the coronal plane of uterus in three-dimensional ultrasound, and greatly reduces the operation time. It can be effectively applied in clinical practice and lays a foundation for the automatic diagnosis of uterine related diseases.

11.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 664-669, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909820

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the evolutionary characteristics and variations of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) strains imported from abroad in Henan Province.Methods:A total of 16 imported cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) reported in Henan Province from May to December 2020 were enrolled. The throat swab specimens from the patients were collected and sent to the Henan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention for whole genome sequencing. Taking SARS-CoV-2 Wuhan-Hu-1 published in Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data (GISAID) as the reference sequence, the sequences were aligned and analyzed by MEGA X, and the phylogenetic tree was constructed by the maximum likelihood method.Results:Among 16 cases, 13 cases were imported from Russia, two cases were imported from Myanmar, and one case was imported from Ukraine. A total of 16 strains of 2019-nCoV genomes with the lengths of 29 804 bp to 29 882 bp were obtained. A total of 145 nucleotide mutations and 80 amino acid mutations were detected. Nucleotide variations of C241T, C3037T, C14408T, A23403G and the amino acid variation of D614G in spike protein were detected in all sequences. Meanwhile, insertion A at the site of 29704 was found in BetaCov/HEN02/Human/2020, BetaCov/HEN04/Human/2020 and BetaCov/HEN05/Human/2020. Deletion variation was not found. Phylogenetic analysis showed that there was no correlation between the 16 strains and currently epidemic variants of concern (VOC) .Conclusion:From May to December 2020, the detection of viral genome mutations in the imported cases of Henan Province shows randomness and diversity, while the strains are not VOC.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 938-943, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors and prognosis of early septic shock-related thrombocytopenia.Methods:Retrospective analysis of clinical data of patients with septic shock admitted to the department of intensive care unit (ICU) of Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital from June 2016 to November 2020 was conducted. According to the lowest platelet count (PLT) in the early stage of septic shock (within 24 hours of using vasoactive drugs), the patients were divided into mild thrombocytopenia group [PLT (50-100)×10 9/L], severe thrombocytopenia group (PLT < 50×10 9/L) and normal platelet group (PLT > 100×10 9/L). The differences in general information, laboratory indicators, mechanical ventilation time, length of ICU stay, in-hospital stay, and 28-day mortality among the three groups were analyzed. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of thrombocytopenia, and the 28-day Kaplan-Meier survival curve of patients with different PLT levels was drawn. Results:A total of 486 patients with septic shock were enrolled, including 123 patients with mild thrombocytopenia, 75 patients with severe thrombocytopenia and 288 patients with normal platelets. Patients with diabetes ( χ2 = 30.460, P < 0.001), abdominal infection ( χ2 = 15.024, P = 0.001), urinary tract infection ( χ2 = 36.633, P < 0.001), bloodstream infection ( χ2 = 7.755, P = 0.022), Gram negative (G -) bacilli infection ( χ2 = 19.569, P < 0.001), hyperlactic acidemia ( H = 23.404, P < 0.001), elevated procalcitonin (PCT, H = 43.368, P < 0.001), high acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ, F = 11.122, P < 0.001) and high sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA, F = 84.328, P < 0.001) were more likely to have thrombocytopenia within 24 hours of septic shock. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis of early septic shock-related thrombocytopenia showed that, diabetes [odds ratio ( OR) = 0.19, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.08-0.42, P < 0.001], urinary tract infection ( OR = 0.33, 95% CI was 0.13-0.83, P = 0.018), G - bacilli infection ( OR = 0.20, 95% CI was 0.07-0.58, P = 0.003), hyperlactic acidemia ( OR = 1.25, 95% CI was 1.07-1.46, P = 0.005) and high APACHEⅡ score ( OR = 0.85, 95% CI was 0.78-0.92, P < 0.001) were independent risk factors for platelets < 50×10 9/L. Abdominal infection was an independent risk factor for PLT (50-100)×10 9/L ( OR = 0.56, 95% CI was 0.34-0.95, P = 0.03). High SOFA score was an independent risk factor for PLT ≤ 100×10 9/L [PLT < 50×10 9/L: OR = 2.03, 95% CI was 1.65-2.52, P < 0.001; PLT (50-100)×10 9/L: OR = 1.31, 95% CI was 1.16-1.48, P < 0.001]. There were no significant differences in mechanical ventilation time, length of ICU stay, and in-hospital stay among the three groups ( H values were 0.142, 2.134, and 3.990, respectively, all P > 0.05). The 28-day mortality of septic shock patients increased with the severity of thrombocytopenia ( χ2 = 40.406, P < 0.001), and the 28-day mortality of severe thrombocytopenia group and mild thrombocytopenia group was significantly higher than those of the normal platelet group [66.7% (50/75), 43.1% (53/123) vs. 27.8% (80/288), both P < 0.05]. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the 28-day survival rate gradually decreased with the decrease of PLT, and the 28-day survival rate was higher in the normal platelet group (Log-Rank test: χ2 = 80.667, P < 0.001). Conclusions:Diabetes, abdominal infection, urinary tract infection, G - bacilli infection, hyperlactic acidemia, high APACHEⅡ score, and high SOFA score are independent risk factors for early septic shock-related thrombocytopenia. Early thrombocytopenia in patients with septic shock indicates a high risk of 28-day death.

13.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 239-249, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896259

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the therapeutic potential of hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) in restoring aging-induced loss of cardioprotective effect of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) along with the involvement of signaling pathways. The left hind limb was subjected to four short cycles of ischemia and reperfusion (IR) in young and aged male rats to induce RIPC. The hearts were subjected to IR injury on the Langendorff apparatus after 24 h of RIPC. The measurement of lactate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase and cardiac troponin served to assess the myocardial injury.The levels of H2S, cystathionine β-synthase (CBS), cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1α) were also measured. There was a decrease in cardioprotection in RIPC-subjected old rats in comparison to young rats along with a reduction in the myocardial levels of 2, CBS, CSE, HIF-1α, and nuclear: cytoplasmic Nrf2 ratio. Supplementation with sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS, an H2S donor) and l-cysteine ( H 2S precursor) restored the cardioprotective actions of RIPC in old hearts. It increased the levels of H2S, HIF-1α, and Nrf2 ratio without affecting CBS and CSE. YC-1 (HIF-1α antagonist) abolished the effects of NaHS and l-cysteine in RIPC-subjected old rats by decreasing the Nrf2 ratio and HIF-1α levels, without altering 2.The late phase of cardioprotection of RIPC involves an increase in the activity of H2S biosynthetic enzymes, which increases the levels of H2S to upregulate HIF-1α and Nrf2. H2S has the potential to restore aging-induced loss of cardioprotective effects of RIPC by upregulating HIF-1α/Nrf2 signaling.

14.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 70-73, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867009

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of the influence of just world belief on depression in college students, and to explore the multiple mediating effects of hope and forgiveness.Methods:Totally 290 college students were assessed by belief in a just world scale(BJWS), adult dispositional hope scale(ADHS), Hearland forgiveness scale(HFS) and self-rating depression scale(SDS).Results:The scores of the belief in a just world, hope, forgiveness and depression were 53.90±7.83, 33.67±3.87, 109.75±12.52 and 16.84±8.41, respectively.The belief in a just world was positively correlated with hope( r=0.41, P<0.01) and forgiveness( r=0.40, P<0.01), and negatively correlated with depression( r=-0.38, P<0.01). Hope was positively correlated with forgiveness( r=0.43, P<0.01), and negatively correlated with depression( r=-0.53, P<0.01). Forgiveness had a significantly negative correlation with depression( r=-0.57, P<0.01). Structural equation model showed that the direct effect of the belief in a just world on depression was not statistically significant.The belief in a just world can influence depression by multiple mediators of hope(the effective amount=0.26), hope→forgiveness(the effective amount=0.20), and the model fitted well(χ 2/ df=1.63, RMSEA=0.04, GFI=0.96, NFI=0.98, CFI=0.99). Conclusion:The belief in a just world can influence depression by multiple mediators role of hope, hope→forgiveness.

15.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1347-1350, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753600

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of suprapubic Trocar puncture lithotripsy in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and bladder stones.Methods From February 2016 to August 2018,60 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and bladder stones in the Second Hospital of Pujiang County were randomly selected.The patients were divided into transurethral prostatic bipolarplasma electrotomy group (control group,30 cases) and transurethral prostatic bipolar excision procedure combined with suprapubic Trocar puncture cystinolithotomy group (study group,30 cases) according to the operation methods.The operation time,stone extraction time,removal of bladder fistula time,catheter extraction time,success of one stone extraction,postoperative complications of the two groups were statistically analyzed.Results The operation time,stone removal time,bladder fistula removal time and catheter removal time of the study group were significantly shorter than those of the control group(t =6.965,4.541,3.365,3.306,all P <0.05).The success rate of the first stone extraction in the study group was 100.0% (30/30),which was significantly higher than 86.7% (26/30) in the control group (x2 =12.83,P <0.05).The incidence rate of postoperative complications in the study group was 10.0% (3/30),which was significantly lower than 23.3% (7/30) in the control group(x2 =13.34,P < 0.05).Conclusion Suprapubic Trocar puncture lithotripsy has high value in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and bladder stones.

16.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1347-1350, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801499

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinical value of suprapubic Trocar puncture lithotripsy in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and bladder stones.@*Methods@#From February 2016 to August 2018, 60 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and bladder stones in the Second Hospital of Pujiang County were randomly selected.The patients were divided into transurethral prostatic bipolarplasma electrotomy group(control group, 30 cases) and transurethral prostatic bipolar excision procedure combined with suprapubic Trocar puncture cystinolithotomy group(study group, 30 cases) according to the operation methods.The operation time, stone extraction time, removal of bladder fistula time, catheter extraction time, success of one stone extraction, postoperative complications of the two groups were statistically analyzed.@*Results@#The operation time, stone removal time, bladder fistula removal time and catheter removal time of the study group were significantly shorter than those of the control group(t=6.965, 4.541, 3.365, 3.306, all P<0.05). The success rate of the first stone extraction in the study group was 100.0%(30/30), which was significantly higher than 86.7%(26/30) in the control group (χ2=12.83, P<0.05). The incidence rate of postoperative complications in the study group was 10.0%(3/30), which was significantly lower than 23.3%(7/30) in the control group(χ2=13.34, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Suprapubic Trocar puncture lithotripsy has high value in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and bladder stones.

17.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 941-944, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801240

ABSTRACT

Leigh syndrome (French-Canadian type, LSFC) is a rare autosomal recessive hereditary severe neurological disorder that begins in infancy. Herein we report a case with LSFC in China. The patient was 8 months old, male, whose clinical manifestations included delayed development, low muscle tone, unstable vertical head, inability to sit alone, cognitive impairment, slightly smaller forehead, oblique eyes, epilepsy, etc. Gene sequencing results showed that the LRPPRC gene in the infant had complex heterozygous mutations of c.2989G>A (newly reported) and c.4078G>A. Combined with the clinical manifestations, gene mutations and literatures, the infant was diagnosed as LSFC, and symptomatic rehabilitation was performed. The results of genetic testing can contribute to the early diagnosis and genetic counseling of LSFC patients, and help reduce the burden on the patients and their families.

18.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 26-28, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691735

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between gout and its comorbidities such as hypertension,diabetes and dyslipidaemia.Methods The clinical data in 187 cases of gout admitted in the Third Affiliated Hospital of the Third Military Medical University from June 2013 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were grouped according to the disease course,with or without tophi and nephrolithiasis.Then the relationship between gout and its comorbidities was investigated.Results The most common comorbidity of gout was dyslipidaemia (51.45%),followed by hypertension (46.52%),osteoarthritis (43.09 %),fatty liver(42.19 %),kidney stone (35.90 %),renal dysfunction (23.53 %) and diabetes (16.58 %).The patients with longer disease duration(≥ 10 years) were more likely to suffer higher prevalence of tophi,renal dysfunction,hypertension and osteoarthritis.Furthermore,the patients with tophi demonstrated remarkably higher levels of serum uric acid and greater prevalence of renal dysfunction and osteoarthritis than those without tophi.In addition,the prevalence rate of comorbidities had no difference between the patients with and without kidney stones.Conclusion The patients with gout have higher morbidity rate of comorbidities.Gout patients with younger onset age,longer disease duration,older age or tophi are more likely to present with comorbidities.

19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 685-690, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691332

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of continuous negative pressure drainage with intermittent irrigation on surgical site infection (SSI) after laparoscopic extralevator abdominoperineal excison (ELAPE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 28 rectal cancer patients who underwent continuous negative pressure drainage with intermittent irrigation following laparoscopic ELAPE (negative irrigation group) at our department from March 2016 to August 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. At the same time, 32 rectal cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic ELAPE and simple presacral drainage from January 2014 to February 2016 were included as controls (simple drainage group). Self-made double cannula: one silicon rubber drainage tube was used; 3 side holes were cut at the front end with 1-2 cm interval; tube was ranked intermittently and oppositely; a small hole was cut in the middle of rear; the infusion tube was placed through the small hole to the front side of the drainage tube (to rinse when the drainage was turbid). The placement and use of self-made double cannula: it was placed in the presacral space and was drawn from the medial to the sciatic tubercle, then was connected to drainage bag for 24 hours; when no blood was observed, the drainage tube was connected to negative pressure drainage ball, keeping negative pressure status. The development of SSI within 30 days postoperatively and other perioperative parameters were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no statistically significant differences in baseline data between two groups (all P>0.05). Incidence of SSI in negative irrigation group was significantly lower than that in simple drainage group [14.3% (4/28) vs. 43.8% (14/32), χ=6.173, P=0.013]. Additionally, a shorter postoperative hospital stay was observed in negative irrigation group [(9.8±1.5) days vs. (11.4±2.6) days, t=2.918, P=0.005]. Besides, other perioperative parameters, including operative time, intraoperative blood loss, time to removal of drainage tube, etc were not significantly different between two groups (all P>0.05). After adjusting to confounders, multivariate analysis showed that negative pressure drainage was an independent protective factor for SSI following laparoscopic ELAPE (OR=0.214, 95%CI:0.060-0.762, P=0.002).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Continuous negative pressure drainage with intermittent irrigation can effectively decrease the incidence of SSI following laparoscopic ELAPE, and is safe and simple.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Drainage , Methods , Laparoscopy , Perineum , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Wound Infection , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care ; (6): 88-92, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706916

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Taohua decoction in treating antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD). Methods Sixty-two patients diagnosed with AAD admitted to the department of intenive care unit (ICU) of Jiaxing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Jiaxing First Hospital, Jiaxing Second Hospital and Haining Hospital of TCM from April 2015 to November 2016 were enrolled, and they were divided into an experimental group (32 cases) and a control group (30 cases) according to the random number table method. The two groups were given routine treatment of western medicine, the patients in experimental group were additionally given Taohua decoction (ingreients: red halloysite 30 g, zingiberis 15 g, japonica rice 30 g), while in the control group, the patients only received the routine treatment of western medicine. The therapeutic course in the two groups was 14 days. The TCM syndrome score, the duration of diarrhea, the time of abdominal pain relief and the time using antibiotics, besides acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) score, albumin level, endoscopic and pathological changes were observed before and after treatment in the two groups. Results After treatment, the scores of TCM syndrome and APACHE Ⅱin the two groups were all lower than those before treatment, the level of albumin was higher than that before treatment, and the changes of above indexes in the experimental group were more significant than those in the control group [the scores of TCM syndrome: 9.32±8.86 vs. 13.50±6.52, APACHE Ⅱ score: 11.08±4.37 vs. 14.06±5.42, albumin (g/L): 33.89±5.02 vs. 30.85±6.44, all P < 0.05]; in experimental group, the time of diarrhea duration (days:12.28±2.28 vs. 15.36±8.68), time of abdominal pain relief (days: 10.09±6.41 vs. 14.27±7.52), time of using antibiotics (days: 11.77±4.72 vs. 15.08±6.98) were significantly shorter than those of the control group (all P < 0.05). The examinations of endoscopy and light microscopy showed that after treatment the numbers of patients with mild intestinal mucosal changes in the experimental group were increased compared with those in the control group (endoscope:18 cases vs. 8 cases, light microscopy: 19 cases vs. 9 cases), but the numbers of patients with moderate (endoscope:14 cases vs. 20 cases, light microscopy: 13 cases vs. 19 cases) and severe (endoscope: 0 vs. 2 cases, light microscopy:0 vs.2 cases) changes were less than those in the control group. Conclusions Taohua decoction can improve the clinical efficacy of mild AAD patients.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL