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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 227-231, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920757

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the trends in incidence and mortality of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in Zhejiang Province from 2003 to 2017, so as to provide the evidence for the development of AD prevention and control strategies. @* Methods@#The data pertaining to the incidence and mortality of AD in China from 2003 to 2017 were collected from the Global Burden Disease Study, and standardized to the data of the Sixth National Population Census in China in 2010. The trends in incidence and mortality of AD were analyzed using annual percent change (APC) and average annual percent change ( AAPC ) in Zhejiang Province from 2003 to 2017. @*Results@#The incidence of AD increased from 96.05/105 in 2003 to 140.96/105 in 2017 in Zhejiang Province, with AAPC of 2.776% ( P<0.05 ), and the greatest APC ( 3.419% ) was found during the period between 2003 and 2005 ( P<0.05 ). The standardized incidence of AD increased 102.06/105 in 2003 to 106.09/105 in 2017 in Zhejiang Province, with AAPC of 0.274% ( P<0.05 ), and the greatest APC ( 1.177% ) was measured during the period between 2003 and 2005 ( P<0.05). The mortality of AD increased from 24.60/105 in 2003 to 41.44/105 in 2017 in Zhejiang Province, with AAPC of 3.862% ( P<0.05 ), and the greatest APC (4.667%) was found during the period between 2005 and 2011 ( P<0.05 ). The standardized mortality of AD increased 26.83/105 in 2003 to 27.16/105 in 2017 in Zhejiang Province, with AAPC of 0.142% ( P>0.05 ), and the greatest APC ( 1.048% ) was measured during the period between 2005 and 2012 ( P<0.05 ).@*Conclusion@#Both the incidence and mortality of AD appeared a tendency towards a rise in Zhejiang Province from 2003 to 2017.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928706

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the kinetic characteristics of lymphocyte subsets and myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) in patients who newly diagnosed intermediate- to high-risk aGVHD and treated with steroids-ruxolitinib as the first line therapy from a single-arm, open clinical trial (NCT04061876).@*METHODS@#We prospectively observed the efficacy of 23 patients having intermediate- to high-risk aGVHD and treated with steroids-ruxolitinib as the first line therapy. The kinetic characteristics of lymphocyte subsets and MDSC were monitored, and then we compared them in steroids-ruxolitinib group (n=23), free-aGVHD group (n=20) and steroids group (n=23).@*RESULTS@#Of the 23 patients, the CR rate was 78.26% (18/23) on day 28 after first-line treatment with steroids-ruxolitinib. On day 28 after treatment, patients had lower level of CD4+CD29+ T cells (P=0.08) than that of pre-treatment, whereas levels of other lymphocyte subsets in this study were higher than that of pre-treatment; CD4+CD29+ T cells in CR patients decreased, compared with refractory aGVHD patients. On day 28 of treatment, CD8+CD28- T cells (P=0.03) significantly increased in patients with aGVHD than that in patients without aGVHD, so did CD8+CD28- T / CD8+CD28+ T cell ratio (P=0.03). Compared with patients without aGVHD, patients with aGVHD had lower level of G-MDSC, especially on day 14 after allo-HSCT (P=0.04). Compared with pre-treatment, M-MDSC was higher in CR patients on day 3 and 7 post-treatment (P3=0.01, P7=0.03), e-MDSC was higher on day 28 post-treatment (P=0.01). Moreover, compared with CR patients, M-MDSC was lower in refractory aGVHD patients on day 3 post-treatment (P=0.01) and e-MDSC was lower on day 28 post-treatment (P=0.01). Compared with steroids group, MDSC in steroids-ruxolitinib group was higher, with the most significant difference in M-MDSC (P3=0.0351; P7=0.0142; P14=0.0369).@*CONCLUSION@#We found that patients newly diagnosed intermediate- to high-risk aGVHD receiving first-line therapy with steroids-ruxolitinib achieved high response rate. Moreover, the novel first-line therapy has a small impact on the immune reconstitution of patients after allo-HSCT. Elevated MDSC might predict a better response in aGVHD patients receiving this novel first-line therapy. M-MDSC responded earlier to steroids-ruxolitinib than e-MDSC, G-MDSC.


Subject(s)
Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Kinetics , Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells , Nitriles , Pyrazoles , Pyrimidines , Retrospective Studies , Steroids
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928455

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the parental-origin verification of fetal CNVs in the setting of prenatal diagnosis.@*METHODS@#182 families were recruited in this study. All the pregnant women underwent transabdominal amniocentesis or cordocentesis, and the amniotic fluid or cord blood samples were then subjected to karyotyping and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) respectively. The peripheral blood specimens of fetal parents were also tested by CMA for determining the parental-origin of fetal CNVs. Then we followed up the clinical outcomes of the fetuses.@*RESULTS@#Of the 182 fetuses, 163 (89.6%) had parental-origin CNVs, and 19 (10.4%) had de novo CNVs. 149 (91.4%) of the parental-origin CNVs were classified into the variant of uncertain significance (VUS) before parental-origin tests. After parental source verification, 137 (91.9%) of these VUS cases were changed into likely benign cases. Among the 163 cases of parental-origin CNVs, 122 (74.8%) fetuses were born healthy. Among the 19 de novo cases, 9 of these families chose to terminate the pregnancy.@*CONCLUSION@#The majority of inherited CNVs detected by CMA had a tendency to be benign, and the parental source verification could assist the elucidation of clinical significance of CNVs in prenatal diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Aberrations , DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Humans , Karyotyping , Microarray Analysis , Parents , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928289

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of manual therapy combined with posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical decompression(PECD) in the treatment of intractable cervical spondylotic radiculopathy.@*METHODS@#From May 2016 to May 2018, 23 CSR patients who responded poorly to conservative treatment for at least 6 weeks underwent the combination management. Firstly, the patients received the posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical decompression routine care for the following 4 weeks and manual therapy for another 4 weeks. A total of 23 patients were followed up, including 14 males and 9 females, the age ranged from 29 to 78 years old with an average of (50.30±12.28) years, the course of disease was 3 to 24 months with an average of (9.74±5.76) months. The lesion segment involved C4,5 in 4 cases, C5,6 in 13 cases, C6,7 in 6 cases. The visual analogue scale (VAS), neck disability index (NDI), changes of cervical physiological curvature and interbody stability, adverse events were observed before and after operation. The follow-up time points were before operation, 1 day after operation and 1, 3 and 6 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients successfully completed the operation and manual treatment for 4 to 8 times. Among the 29 cases, 23 patients were followed up for more than 6 months. There was no spinal cord and nerve root injury during the treatment and follow-up. Operation time was from 80 to 120 min with a median of 90 min;intraoperative blood loss was from 35 to 80 ml with a median of 50 ml. NDI, VAS of neck, shoulder and arm each period after operation were significantly lower than those before PECD(P<0.05), while there were no significant improvement in cervical physiological curvature and target segment intervertebral space height(P>0.05);there was no significant change in interbody stability (P>0.05). After received the manual therapy, NDI significantly decreased (P<0.05), however, there was no significant difference in VAS of neck, shoulder and arm, physiological curvature of cervical spine and intervertebral space height of target segment compared with that before manual treatment (P>0.05);there was no significant change in interbody stability (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Manual therapy combined with PECD in the treatment of intractable cervical spondylotic radiculopathy can not only quickly improve the symptoms, but also alleviate the residual symptoms after PECD safely and effectively, and can not cause obvious signs of accelerated instability of cervical adjacent segments in the short term.


Subject(s)
Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Child , Child, Preschool , Decompression/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Male , Musculoskeletal Manipulations , Radiculopathy/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spondylosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928211

ABSTRACT

As an important basis for lesion determination and diagnosis, medical image segmentation has become one of the most important and hot research fields in the biomedical field, among which medical image segmentation algorithms based on full convolutional neural network and U-Net neural network have attracted more and more attention by researchers. At present, there are few reports on the application of medical image segmentation algorithms in the diagnosis of rectal cancer, and the accuracy of the segmentation results of rectal cancer is not high. In this paper, a convolutional network model of encoding and decoding combined with image clipping and pre-processing is proposed. On the basis of U-Net, this model replaced the traditional convolution block with the residual block, which effectively avoided the problem of gradient disappearance. In addition, the image enlargement method is also used to improve the generalization ability of the model. The test results on the data set provided by the "Teddy Cup" Data Mining Challenge showed that the residual block-based improved U-Net model proposed in this paper, combined with image clipping and preprocessing, could greatly improve the segmentation accuracy of rectal cancer, and the Dice coefficient obtained reached 0.97 on the verification set.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Delayed Emergence from Anesthesia , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Rectal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927843

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure the prevalence of mental health symptoms and identify the associated factors among college students at the beginning of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19)outbreak in China. Methods We carried out a multi-center cross-sectional study via snowball sampling and convenience sampling of the college students in different areas of China.The rates of self-reported depression,anxiety,and stress and post-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD)were assessed via the 21-item Depression-Anxiety-Stress Scale(DASS-21)and the 6-item Impact of Event Scale-Revised(IES-6),respectively.Covariates included sociodemographic characteristics,health-related data,and information of the social environment.Data pertaining to mental health service seeking were also collected.Multivariate Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the risk factors. Results A total of 3641 valid questionnaires were collected from college students.At the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak,535(14.69%)students had negative emotions,among which 402(11.04%),381(10.49%),and 171(4.90%)students had the symptoms of depression,anxiety,and stress,respectively.Meanwhile,1245(34.19%)college students had PTSD.Among the risk factors identified,male gender was associated with a lower likelihood of reporting depression symptoms(AOR=0.755,P=0.037],and medical students were at higher risk of depression and stress symptoms than liberal arts students(AOR=1.497,P=0.003;AOR=1.494,P=0.045).Family support was associated with lower risks of negative emotions and PTSD in college students(AOR=0.918,P<0.001;AOR=0.913,P<0.001;AOR=0.899,P<0.001;AOR=0.971,P=0.021). Conclusions College students were more sensitive to public health emergencies,and the incidence of negative emotions and PTSD was significantly higher than that before the outbreak of COVID-19.More attention should be paid to female college students who were more likely to develop negative emotions.We should strengthen positive and proper propaganda via mass media and help college students understand the situation and impact of COVID-19.Furthermore,we should enhance family support for college students.The government and relevant agencies need to provide appropriate mental health services to the students under similar circumstances to avoid the deterioration of their mental well-being.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Status , Humans , Male , Students/psychology , Universities
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 650-665, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927734

ABSTRACT

Based on the self-assembly process occurring in the human body all the time, self-assembled nanomaterials were designed by the researchers. The self-assembled nanomaterials have controllability, biocompatibility and functional advantages in vivo. The self-assembled nanomaterials constructed in situ under a physiological environment display various biological characteristics which can be used for imaging, therapy, and broad clinical applications. In situ self-assembled nanomaterials can boost drug function, reduce toxic and side effects, prolong imaging time and enlarge signal-to-noise ratio. By using pathological conditions to trigger specific responses in vivo, well-ordered nanoaggregates can be spontaneously formed by multiple weak bonding interactions. The assembly shows higher accumulation and longer retention in situ. Endogenous triggers for in situ assembly, such as enzymes, pH, reactive oxygen species and ligand receptor interaction, can be used to transform the materials into a variety of controllable nanostructures including nanoparticles, nanofibers and gels through bioactivated in vivo assembly (BIVA) strategies. BIVA strategies can be applied for treatment, imaging or participate in the physiological activities of cells at the lesion site. This review summarized and prospected the design of self-assembled peptide materials based on BIVA technology and their biomedical applications. The nanostructures of the self-assembly enable some beneficial biological effects, such as assembly induced retention (AIR) effect, enhanced targeting effect, multivalent bond effect, and membrane disturbance. Thus, the BIVA nanotechnology is promising for efficient drug delivery, enhancement of targeting and treatment, as well as optimization of the biological distribution of drugs.


Subject(s)
Drug Delivery Systems , Humans , Nanofibers/chemistry , Nanoparticles , Nanostructures/chemistry , Peptides
8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1269-1274, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924695

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of the change in anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) therapy indication on treatment rate and the features of the population requiring treatment. Methods The treatment-naïve patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in the China Registry of Hepatitis B (CR-HepB) database were selected as subjects, and related demographic, virological, hematological, and biochemical data were collected. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison between multiple groups; the chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. Results A total of 3640 treatment-naïve CHB patients were included in this study, among whom 64.4% were male, 68.7% had an age of 30-59 years, and 46.8% had an indeterminate clinical stage. According to the 2015 and 2019 editions of Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of chronic hepatitis B and the 2022 edition of expert consensus, the number of patients who had the indication for antiviral therapy was 625(17.2%), 1333(36.6%), and 2890(79.4%), respectively. The number of patients requiring treatment was increased by 1557 according to the 2022 edition of expert consensus, among whom 1424(91.5%) met the treatment threshold of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 30 U/L for male patients or ALT > 19 U/L for female patients. The additional patients requiring treatment according to the 2022 edition of expert consensus had significantly higher levels of ALT and HBV DNA and significantly lower scores of APRI and FIB-4 than the additional patients requiring treatment according to the 2019 edition of Guidelines (all P < 0.05). Conclusion The expansion of antiviral therapy indications for CHB may significantly increase the proportion of CHB patients receiving antiviral treatment and help mild CHB patients at the risk of disease progression to receive timely treatment and achieve the improvement in long-term prognosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923374

ABSTRACT

@#The heart valve prosthesis must have excellent hydrodynamic performance which is usually tested in vitro, not in vivo. This paper comprehensively introduced the principles and methods of hydrodynamic performance in vitro testing, helping clinicians to understand valve performance parameters, evaluate valve applicability, and reduce clinical risk of the valve prosthesis. In vitro testing not only serves as the "gold standard" for valve prosthesis assessment, but also provides detailed data for design and optimization of the prosthesis. ISO 5840 defines the items and methods for valve in vitro testing, which consists of three parts: (1) pulsatile flow testing, which reproduces the pulsating flow of the valve prosthesis after implantation in the human body; (2) steady flow testing, which assesses valve forward flow resistance; (3) durability testing, which evaluates the durability of the valve prosthesis and determines the expected failure   mode. In addition, the paper presented the differences between atrioventricular and aortic valve testing, the method of mitral valve testing, the differences between transcatheter and surgical valve testing, and the method of valve flow visualization.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909997

ABSTRACT

Pelvic fragility fractures are increasing with the aging population in China, characterized by high incidence, high mortality and high morbidity just as geriatric hip fractures. In diagnosis of a pelvic fragility fracture in the elderly, the patient's age, comorbidities, osteogenic factors, clinical manifestations and imaging examinations should be taken into consideration, as well as the special anatomical features and morphologies resulted from degenerative anatomy of the pelvis in the aged. Standard pelvic X-rays and CT scans may confirm the diagnosis in most cases, but MRI may prevent missing a fracture of malfunctioning pelvis or an insidious fracture line on the posterior ring. Fragility fractures of pelvis (FFP) classification, base on X-ray and CT checks, is a common guiding system in current clinic. Usually, conservative treatment is indicated for fractures of FFP types Ⅰ-Ⅱ while surgery for those of FFP types Ⅲ-Ⅳ. As far as possible, minimally invasive reduction and simultaneous fixation of the anterior and posterior rings are recommended. This article intends to review the characteristics, classification and development of minimally invasive techniques concerning pelvic fragility fractures in recent years, and to discuss the future trends in treatment of geriatric pelvic fractures.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909164

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application value of craniotomy with hematoma evacuation combined with decompressive craniectomy in the treatment of severe traumatic brain injury.Methods:Sixty-eight patients with severe traumatic brain injury who received treatment in China Coast Guard Bureau Hospital, China between June 2016 and June 2019 were randomly assigned to receive either craniotomy with hematoma evacuation combined with decompressive craniectomy (observation group, n = 34) or conventional craniotomy (control group, n = 34). Surgical value for severe traumatic brain injury and the occurrence of complications were compared between the observation and control groups. Results:Before treatment, there were no significant differences in intracranial pressure, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score, activity of daily living between the observation and control groups (all P > 0.05). After 7 days of treatment, intracranial pressure in the two groups was significantly decreased compared with before treatment, and intracranial pressure in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group ( t = 17.284, P < 0.001). After treatment, Glasgow Coma Scores were significantly increased in the two groups, and Glasgow Coma Scores in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( t = 5.823, 7.185, 9.234, all P < 0.05). In addition, the numbers of patients with grade I, II and III severe traumatic brain injury in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (all P < 0.05). The number of patients with grade V prognosis in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [20 (58.8%) vs. 8 (23.5%), χ2 = 8.743, P < 0.05]. After treatment, severe traumatic brain injury was mitigated in the two groups. National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group, and the activity of daily living in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group. The numbers of patients with delayed hematoma, a need for reoperation, hydrocephalus, acute encephalocele, epilepsy, and intracranial infection in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group. Conclusion:Craniotomy with hematoma evacuation combined with decompressive craniectomy for treatment of severe traumatic brain injury can greatly decrease intracranial pressure, reduce the degree of injury and improve prognosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909019

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the distinctions between different educational levels: stability of learning state, views on and demand for online courses, and further investigate the influencing factors.Methods:A self-designed questionnaire with good reliability and validity was conducted, and all the students in a military medical university were selected by cluster sampling method, and the data were collected by issuing a network questionnaire. SPSS 26.0 was used for data processing.Results:Undergraduates were different from graduates and doctoral students in stability of learning state, the period of home study: doctoral students (2.41±1.30) h < graduates (2.10±1.17) h and undergraduates (2.15±0.99) h; the frequency of using online courses: undergraduates (4.18±1.10) times > graduates (3.29±1.16) times and doctoral students (3.29±0.98) times. In terms of views on online courses, necessity: undergraduates (4.14± 1.01) > graduates (3.93±1.05) and doctoral students (3.78±1.03); familiarity: undergraduates (3.42 ± 0.91) > graduates (3.27±0.97); adaptability: undergraduates (3.79±0.91) > graduates (3.58±0.94) and doctoral students (3.63±0.97); likability: undergraduates (3.36±1.04) > undergraduates (3.25±0.96) and doctoral students (3.17 ± 1.01); teaching effect: undergraduates (2.80±1.04) > graduates (2.67±1.01) and doctoral students (2.61±1.03). In terms of demand for online courses, ideal number: undergraduates (2.52±1.27) > graduates (2.11±1.21) and doctoral students (2.01±1.25); class style: undergraduates (1.77±0.94) > graduates (2.00±0.92) and doctoral students (2.04±1.83). There were statistically significant differences between undergraduates and postgraduates in all dimensions ( P<0.01 or P<0.05). Conclusion:Undergraduates may be more susceptible to academic environment than graduates and doctoral students, showing that the learning stability of undergraduates is the relatively the worst. Undergraduates most recognize online courses, and different educational levels have different demands for online courses.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907879

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features of children with autosomal dominant hyper-IgE syndrome (AD-HIES) and the differential diagnosis of hyper-IgE syndrome and allergic diseases as well.Methods:All clinical data, including general information, clinical features, and genetic changes, from 7 children with AD-HIES who were diagnosed in Beijing Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from April 2016 to June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively.The diagnostic criteria are based on the National Institutes of Health′s (NIH)′s hyper-IgE syndrome score and combined with the results of gene detection, shown as follows: (1) NIH score over 40, with signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 gene ( STAT3) pathogenic mutation; (2) NIH score between 20 and 40, with reported STAT3 pathogenic mutation; (3) NIH score less than 20 points was excluded. Results:There were 3 males and 4 females.The onset age of 7 cases was within 2 months after birth, and the mean age at diagnosis was 3 years old.All seven cases had recurrent skin or lung infections, with 4 cases having skin and lung infections, 1 case of skin abscesses at the BCG vaccination site, and 2 cases without skin infection suffering from recurrent pneumonia.The mean onset age of skin abscess in 5 cases was 1.5 years, and pus culture of 3 cases were Staphylococcus aureus.Four cases developed bullae and 6 cases had lung infections.Four cases had otitis media, and oral thrush was seen in 4 cases.One case of skin and lung infection developed liver abscess and sepsis.Seven cases had eczema, which was disco-vered in the neonatal period for 6 cases.Four cases had the symptoms of eczema for the first visit.Two cases had food allergy, and 1 case had recurrent wheezing within 1 year old.The serum IgE level and blood eosinophil count in 7 children were elevated.All children had heterozygous pathogenic mutations in STAT3.Six patients had de novo mutations.There were 6 different mutation sites.The 4 mutation sites were reported: c.1145G>A, c.1144C>T, and c. 1699A>G were missense mutations, and c. 1139+ 5G>A was splicing mutation.Two mutation sites had not been reported: c.1031A>C was missense mutation, and c. 2050G>T was nonsense mutation.The pathogenic grade of them were likely pathogenic, and the NIH score of 2 cases were above 40 score, which was consistent with the clinical diagnosis of hyper-IgE syndrome. Conclusions:Eczema is a common and early clinical manifestation of hyper-IgE syndrome, along with elevated IgE levels and eosinophil counts that need to be differentiated from allergic diseases.On the contrary, it often had recurrent skin abscesses or pneumonia, which was prone to bullae.The clinical manifestations of young children were atypical, and genetic testing was helpful for early diagnosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907878

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the long-term prognosis and prognostic factors of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis(ABPA) in children suffering from cystic fibrosis (CF).Methods:An observational study was performed.All children who were admitted to the Department of Respiratory, Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from August 2014 to June 2018, with more than 2 years of followed up for the diagnosis of CF accompanied by ABPA were involved.Results:Three children met the inclusion criteria, with 2 boys and 1 girl, and their diagnostic age were 14, 8 and 9 years old, respectively.The follow-up duration ranged from 2 to 6 years.All the 3 cases were treated with systemic corticosteroids and antifungal agent.In case 1, the initial dose of prednisone was 0.75 mg/(kg·d), and the course of treatment was more than 5 years.The corticosteroid-dependent patient suffered from expectoration and chest pain, and radiographic findings indicated exacerbation, while his lung function was normal.Treating with initial dose of prednisone 2 mg/(kg·d) for 9 months, case 2 had normal serum immunoglobulin E(IgE) concentration, but his pulmonary artery was infiltrated by lesions, thus leasing to lobectomy.In case 3, the initial dose of prednisone was 0.6 mg/(kg·d), and the course of treatment was 18 months.And she developed persistent hypoxemia, and decreased pulmonary function, so lung transplantation was necessary 2 years after diagnosis.Conclusions:Systemic glucocorticoid combined with antifungal therapy is the main treatment for CF with ABPA, but there are individual differences in the efficacy.The level of serum total IgE is not always consistent with lung function and chest images.The overall prognosis is poor, and it is infeasible to evaluate the prognosis by single factor.

15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 522-526, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873796

ABSTRACT

Systemic treatment and local treatment of metastatic lesion can improve the survival of patients with colorectal cancer liver metastasis (CRLM). Stereotactic body radiotherapy, also known as stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR), is an effective method for local treatment of metastatic lesion and also has a certain impact on systemic immune status. SABR can directly kill tumor cells and change tumor immune microenvironment through influence on tumor cells and non-tumor cells. SABR combined with immunotherapy may increase the incidence rate of abscopal effect outside the irradiated area by affecting different links of immune response. Stereotactic ablative brachytherapy (SABT) is an independent minimally invasive treatment system with the characteristics of short treatment course, high accuracy, and definite therapeutic effect. This article reviews the application of SABR and SABT in CRLM.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873585

ABSTRACT

@#The objectives of the study were to screen prostaglandin E2 receptor 4 antagonist from active compounds of Baeckea frutescens L. and to explore its anti-rheumatoid arthritis effect.The HEK293T-EP4 cell antagonist screening model was established in vitro. Homogeneous time-resolved fluorescence (HTRF) technique was used to screen the active compounds of Baeckea frutescens L..SPF grade ICR male mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, methotrexate group, and Baeckea frutescens L.compound BF-2 (100, 50 and 25 mg/kg) groups. The collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mouse model was established in vivo. The swelling volume of the toes of mice was measured, and the pathological examination was analyzed by staining with hematoxylin and eosin.SPF grade ICR mice, male, were randomly divided into control group, BF-2 (100, 50 and 25 mg/kg) group, and aspirin group.The acetic acid-induced body writhing test was observed.The EP4 in vitro antagonist screening model was successfully established.The preliminary screening results found that BF-2, BF-20, BF-11 and BF-12 had strong EP4 antagonistic activity [(102.11 ± 3.45)%, (90.31 ± 3.59)%, (75.72 ± 1.79)% and (76.84 ± 1.64)%], and BF-2 had the strongest antagonistic activity (IC50 = 0.99 ± 0.08 μg/mL).BF-2 could significantly inhibit the toe swelling of CIA mice, and relieve the degradation of articular cartilage matrix and inflammatory cell infiltration.At the same time, compared with the control group, the writhing times of the mice in each dose of BF-2 were significantly reduced.In this study, BF-2 of Baeckea frutescens L.was selected as an EP4 antagonist, which has potential anti-rheumatoid arthritis activity.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907296

ABSTRACT

Macrolide antibiotics have corresponding non-antibacterial effects in inhibiting inflammatory response, reducing airway mucus secretion, and reducing pathogen load.Bronchiectasis seriously affects the quality of life and growth of children.Currently, there is no specific treatment for bronchiectasis.Infection, chronic airway inflammation, and impaired mucociliary clearance are involved in the development of bronchiectasis.The non-antibacterial effects of macrolides in the treatment of cystic fibrosis, non-cystic fibrosis related bronchiectasis, and primary ciliary dyskinesia are reviewed in order to provide reference for pediatricians in clinical practice.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905199

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the gait characteristics related to the horizontal obstacle crossing, to optimize obstacle crossing strategy to reduce the risk of falling. Methods:A total of 15 healthy young men were recruited in September, 2019, to complete horizontal obstacle crossing tasks (0 cm, 45 cm, 55 cm and 65 cm wide), with dominant and non-dominant limbs first on a specific experimental path. Gait parameters were collected with infrared camera and biomechanics force plate. Results:As the width of the obstacle increasing, the speed, stride length, step length and toe clearance of trailing limb (TCt) increased; while the heel-to-obstacle distance (HOD) and toe-to-obstacle distance (TOD) decreased. As the non-dominant limb crossing first, the speed of following step was slower, and the TCt, step width, step length and HOD increased. Conclusion:The risk of falling increases with the width of the obstacle during horizontal obstacle crossing. It is recommended to use non-dominant limbs leading crossing, and increase stride length, step length and TCt to reduce the risk of falling.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905134

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop an automatic adjustment algorithm of bed height of multi-position lower limb rehabilitation robot, to meet the variety of leg lengths and training modes to avoid the collision between robot and ground. Methods:Six mathematical models of robot bed body height were established for six training modes of multi-position lower limb rehabilitation robot, which were described with leg length and bed tilt angle. The influence was analyzed that mechanical clearance and deflection as well as the jitter error of leg bracket during movement. Furthermore, a software related to these models was developed to automatically adjust the bed height for training. Volunteers were recruited to test actually. Results:The test data of bed height are consistent with the theoretical calculation of six mathematical models. Clearance and deflection did not affect the theoretical results of bed height. The end of robot's lower limb was always above the safe height during rehabilitation training. Conclusion:The automatic adjustment algorithm of bed height has been established, which can ensure that the rehabilitation robot runs at a safe height.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904711

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the clinical effects of segmentectomy and lobectomy for ≤2 cm lung adenocarcinoma with micropapillary and solid subtype negative by intraoperative frozen sections. Methods    The patients with adenocarcinoma who received segmentectomy or lobectomy in multicenter from June 2020 to March 2021 were included. They were divided into two groups according to a random number table, including a segmentectomy group (n=119, 44 males and 75 females with an average age of 56.6±8.9 years) and a lobectomy group (n=115, 43 males and 72 females with an average of 56.2±9.5 years). The clinical data of the patients were analyzed. Results    There was no significant difference in the baseline data between the two groups (P>0.05). No perioperative death was found. There was no statistical difference in the operation time (111.2±30.0 min vs. 107.3±34.3 min), blood loss (54.2±83.5 mL vs. 40.0±16.4 mL), drainage duration (2.8±0.6 d vs. 2.6±0.6 d), hospital stay time (3.9±2.3 d vs. 3.7±1.1 d) or pathology staging (P>0.05) between the two groups. The postoperative pulmonary function analysis revealed that the mean decreased values of forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in one second percent predicted in the segmentectomy group were significantly better than those in the lobectomy group (0.2±0.3 L vs. 0.4±0.3 L, P=0.005; 0.3%±8.1% vs. 2.9%±7.4%, P=0.041). Conclusion    Segmentectomy is effective in protecting lungs function, which is expected to improve life quality of patients.

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