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1.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1068-1076, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994423

ABSTRACT

Gout is a metabolic disease resulting from the accumulation of monosodium urate (MSU) in joints, leading to crystal-induced arthritis. In China, gout is common, but there is insufficient knowledge regarding standardized criteria for the diagnosis and treatment of this condition. Based on evidence and guidelines from China and other countries, the Chinese Rheumatology Association developed standardized criteria for the diagnosis and treatment of gout in China. The purpose was to standardize gout diagnosis methods as well as treatment opportunities and strategies in order to reduce misdiagnosis, missed diagnosis, and irreversible damage.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 928-932, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973779

ABSTRACT

Glaucoma and cataracts are the leading causes of blindness, and surgery is an important treatment option. Patients with glaucoma have clinical characteristics such as high intraocular pressure, shallow anterior chamber and short axial length, and the ocular structure is often altered after anti-glaucoma surgery like trabeculectomy. These changes also lead to differences in the accuracy of intraocular lens(IOL)refractive calculation between cataract surgery after anti-glaucoma surgery or combined glaucoma and cataract surgery and alone cataract surgery. Meanwhile glaucoma patients' individual clinical characteristics and structural changes caused by anti-glaucoma surgery have shown differences in the impact on the predictive accuracy of IOL diopters and the type of refractive drift. This article reviews the latest research advances in the causes of refractive error(RE), the characteristics of refractive drift, and the selection of the most appropriate IOL formula for glaucoma patients undergoing cataract surgery or cataract surgery after anti-glaucoma surgery or combined glaucoma and cataract surgery.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 820-823, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992909

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells in the peripheral blood of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients, and to analyze its clinical significance.Methods:Sixty-four AS patients from September 2020 to September 2022 in Fujian Provincial Hospital and 60 healthy controls were enrolled. The expression of MAIT cells and CD69 +MAIT cells were detected by immunofluorescence. Spondylarthritis research consortium of Canada (SPARCC) scores of sacroiliac joint magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were calculated and were analyzed based on clinical data. The changes of MAIT cells were observed in 7 patients with AS after treatment. t test, variance analysis and Pearson correlation analysis were used for statistical analysis. Results:The expression of MAIT cells in the peripheral of AS patients was significantly lower than that in the controls [(2.81±0.27)% and (4.46±0.86)% respectively, t=2.33, P=0.022], while CD69 +MAIT cells were significantly higher [(12.0±1.0)% and (7.8±1.2)% respectively, t=2.31, P=0.024]. The level of CD69 +MAIT cells were significantly positively correlated with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) ( r=0.39, P=0.010), C-reactive protein (CRP) ( r=0.36, P=0.012), ASDAS ( r=0.35, P=0.013) and SPARCC scores ( r=0.38, P=0.006) of AS patients. ASDAS scores and CD69 +MAIT cells obviously decreased in 7 treated AS patients ( F=7.62, P=0.007 and F=4.97, P=0.027 respectively). Conclusion:The expression of peripheral MAIT cells in AS patients is lower than that in healthy controls, but the number of the activated MAIT cells is increased. Levels of activated MAIT cells may in some extent reflect the inflammatory state and disease activity of AS, as well as inflammatory destruction of sacroiliac joint, and therapeutic effect. MAIT cells may partially participate in the inflammatory response and play a role in the pathogenesis of AS.

5.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 78-82, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907068

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To analyze the problems in the AIDS control strategy in key areas of Zhejiang Province, so as to provide insights into the improvement of the control strategy.@*Methods @#The AIDS control data were collected from 10 key counties (districts) in Zhejiang Province, and the AIDS control strategy was comprehensively evaluated using a SWOT analysis.@*Results @#The strengths of the AIDS control strategy in key counties (districts) of Zhejiang Province included distinct working objectives, well-organized leadership, and effective control measures, the weaknesses included large number of HIV-infected cases, high burden of disease, difficulty in management of AIDS transmission and insufficient AIDS control capability, and the opportunities included the AIDS control in key counties (districts) conforming to the current status of AIDS control, strong support of innovative strategies and technical support from professional teams, while the threats included insufficient working mechanisms for AIDS control, the gap between the effectiveness of AIDS control and the target goal and unverified scientific evidence of the control strategy. Supported policies should be fully used, working mechanisms need to be improved, control strategies need to be innovated, and assessments need to be implemented for AIDS control in key counties (districts). @*Conclusions @#There are both opportunities and challenges for AIDS control in key counties (districts) of Zhejiang Province. Optimization of the working mechanisms, promotion of precision interventions, and search for repeatable control strategy in other disease-affected regions are required for AIDS control.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 117-126, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940215

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the sequence variation and genetic diversity of 47 Isatis indigotica germplasm materials, and carry out the study on the genetic differentiation and structure. MethodGenomic DNA of 47 I. indigotica germplasm materials were extracted by kit extraction method. Two chloroplast DNA (cp DNA) sequences and five inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) primers were used for amplification and sequencing. Chromas, Mega 7.0, DanSP5, and GenALEx were used to calibrate, splice, and analyze the sequence characteristics. PERMUT and PopGen 1.31 were used to analyze the genetic diversity parameters and genetic structure, and NTSYS was used to obtain the unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic means(UPGMA) clustering tree plot of 47 I. indigotica germplasm materials. ResultA total of 129 samples from 47 I. indigotica germplasm materials were successfully amplified and sequenced. The length of 2 cp DNA sequences after spliced was 1 412 bp, and there were 377 polymorphic variation loci, and 36 haplotypes. Fu and Li's D* test was significant (P<0.01). The values of Pi, HS, and HT based on cp DNA were 0.119 89, 0.787, and 0.891, respectively. The genetic differentiation coefficients of gene differentiation coefficient(Gst), nucleotide differentiation coefficient(Nst), and fixation index(Fst) were 0.117, 0.468, and 0.488, respectively, and the gene flow (Nm) was 0.615. The mean values of PPB, Shannon information diversity index(I), Nei's genetic diversity index(H), and Gst based on ISSR were 78.85%, 0.334 8, 0.218 6, and 0.754 4, respectively, and the Nm value was 0.162 8. ConclusionI. indigotica has high genetic diversity and abundant haplotypes at the species level, with abundant haplotypes. Genetic differentiation among different germplasm materials is obvious, and gene exchange is not frequent. Genetic variation mainly exists among populations. The population has accumulated various low-frequency gene mutations recently, suggesting that it has experienced significant regional expansion in the history.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 117-126, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940118

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the sequence variation and genetic diversity of 47 Isatis indigotica germplasm materials, and carry out the study on the genetic differentiation and structure. MethodGenomic DNA of 47 I. indigotica germplasm materials were extracted by kit extraction method. Two chloroplast DNA (cp DNA) sequences and five inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) primers were used for amplification and sequencing. Chromas, Mega 7.0, DanSP5, and GenALEx were used to calibrate, splice, and analyze the sequence characteristics. PERMUT and PopGen 1.31 were used to analyze the genetic diversity parameters and genetic structure, and NTSYS was used to obtain the unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic means(UPGMA) clustering tree plot of 47 I. indigotica germplasm materials. ResultA total of 129 samples from 47 I. indigotica germplasm materials were successfully amplified and sequenced. The length of 2 cp DNA sequences after spliced was 1 412 bp, and there were 377 polymorphic variation loci, and 36 haplotypes. Fu and Li's D* test was significant (P<0.01). The values of Pi, HS, and HT based on cp DNA were 0.119 89, 0.787, and 0.891, respectively. The genetic differentiation coefficients of gene differentiation coefficient(Gst), nucleotide differentiation coefficient(Nst), and fixation index(Fst) were 0.117, 0.468, and 0.488, respectively, and the gene flow (Nm) was 0.615. The mean values of PPB, Shannon information diversity index(I), Nei's genetic diversity index(H), and Gst based on ISSR were 78.85%, 0.334 8, 0.218 6, and 0.754 4, respectively, and the Nm value was 0.162 8. ConclusionI. indigotica has high genetic diversity and abundant haplotypes at the species level, with abundant haplotypes. Genetic differentiation among different germplasm materials is obvious, and gene exchange is not frequent. Genetic variation mainly exists among populations. The population has accumulated various low-frequency gene mutations recently, suggesting that it has experienced significant regional expansion in the history.

8.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 649-653, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910211

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of the transforming growth factor-β receptor I (TGF-βRⅠ) expression in na?ve CD4 + T cells from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods:Na?ve CD4 + T cells were purified using magnetic microbeads from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of SLE patients and healthy controls. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect TGF-βRⅠ mRNA level, and flow cytometry was used to detect the percentage of CD69 +CD4 + T cells. Data were analyzed by t test and Pearson correlation analysis. Results:The level of TGF-βR Ⅰ mRNA in na?ve CD4 + T cells from SLE patients was significantly lower than that in healthy controls [(0.674±0.873) vs (1.445±1.112), t=2.301, P<0.05]. The TGF-βR Ⅰ mRNA level was negatively correlated with systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) ( r=-0.376, P<0.05), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) ( r=-0.376, P<0.05), serum creatinine ( r=-0.323, P<0.05) and 24 h urine protein ( r=-0.331, P<0.05), and positively correlated with serum com-plement C3 ( r=0.528, P<0.01). The level of TGF-βRⅠ mRNA level in na?ve CD4 + T cells in SLE patients with renal involvement was lower than that in SLE patients without renal involvement [(0.525±0.536) vs (1.071±1.007), t=2.198, P<0.05]. The TGF-βR Ⅰ mRNA level in the na?ve CD4 + T cells in anti-dsDNA antibody positive group was lower than that in the anti-dsDNA antibody negative group [(0.344±0.315) vs (0.958±1.076), t=2.277, P<0.05]. The expression of TGF-βRⅠ mRNA in na?ve CD4 + T cells from SLE patients was reduced after 24 h stimulation with anti-CD3/CD28 beads [(0.047±0.013) vs (1.008±0.129), t=14.38, P<0.01], which was partially reversed by dexamethasone treatment [(0.240±0.042) vs (0.047±0.013), t=7.845, P<0.01]. Meanwhile, dexamethasone significantly decreased the expression of CD69 in CD4 + T cells [(15.0±2.1)% vs(34.9±2.0)%, t=32.57, P<0.01]. Conclusion:The abnormally low expression of TGF-βRⅠ in na?ve CD4 + T cells may be involved in the pathogenesis of SLE. Glucocorticoid treatment can upregulate the expression of TGF-βRI and inhibit the activation of T cells, This suggests suggesting that TGF-βRⅠ may be a potential target for SLE treatment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 533-536,C8-2, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910204

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells in the salivary gland of primary Sj?gren′s syndrome (pSS) patients, and to analyze its clinical significance.Methods:Thirty-two pSS patients and 27 non-pSS controls who had salivary gland biopsies were enrolled. The expression of MAIT cells was detected by immunofluorescence and then analyzed based on clinical data. T test, variance analysis and Spearman correlation analysis were used for statistical analysis. Results:The expression of MAIT cells in the salivary gland of pSS patients was significantly higher than in controls [(2.40±0.33)/gland and (0.79±0.13)/gland respectively, t=4.24, P<0.01]. In pSS patients with mouth dryness ( n=26), MAIT cells in the sali-vary gland were significantly increased compared with those without [(2.73±0.38)/gland vs (0.95±0.15)/gland, t=2.24, P=0.03]. In patients with dental caries ( n=17), MAIT cells in the salivary gland were also significantly increased [(3.13±0.54)/gland vs (1.57±0.20)/gland, t=2.57, P=0.02]. The expression of MAIT cells in the salivary gland of pSS patients was positively correlated with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and European League Against Rheumatism Sj?gren′s Syndrome Disease Activity Index (ESSDAI) scores ( r=0.37, P=0.04 and r=0.65, P<0.01 respectively). In pSS patients with positive SSA antibody ( n=23), the amount of MAIT cells was more than controls [(2.89±0.40)/gland vs (1.13±0.32)/gland, t=2.61, P=0.01]. The level of MAIT cells in the salivary gland was higher in pSS patients with more lymphocytic foci [one foci: (1.50±0.49)/gland, two foci: (2.29±0.52)/gland, three foci(3.66±0.59)/gland; F=4.22, P=0.02]. Conclusion:The expression of MAIT cells in the salivary gland of pSS patients is significantly higher than non-pSS controls, and is correlated with oral symptoms, disease activity and the production of autoantibodies. This may suggest that MAIT cells may participate in the local inflammation response and play a role in the pathogenesis of pSS.

10.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 656-665, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888795

ABSTRACT

The first-generation taxanes (including paclitaxel and docetaxel) are widely used for the treatment of various cancers in clinical settings. In the past decade, a series of new-generation taxanes have been developed which are effective in the inhibition of tumor resistance. However, intravenous (i.v.) infusion is still the only route of administration, and may result in serious adverse reactions with respect to the utilization of Cremophor EL or Tween-80 as solvent. Besides, the dosing schedule is also limited. Therefore, oral administration of taxanes is urgently needed to avoid the adverse reactionss and increase dosing frequency. In this review, we first outlined the discovery and development of taxane-based anticancer agents. Furthermore, we summarized the research progress on the oral formulations of taxanes and proposed some thoughts on the future development of oral taxane formulations.

11.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 762-766, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823367

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases aged 50 years or over in Zhejiang Province from 2015 to 2019, so as to provide reference for the development of prevention and control strategies.@*Methods @#The data of newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases in Zhejiang Province were collected through the China HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System, and the demographic characteristics, infection routes,regional distribution and time distribution of the cases were analyzed. @*Results@#A total of 6 726 HIV/AIDS patients were recruited in this study, and the number of new patients from 2015 to 2019 showed an increasing trend ( P <0.05 ) . The number of participants diagnosed at the age of 50-59, 60-69 and 70-91 years old were 3 433( 51.04% ), 2 242 ( 33.33% ) and 1 051 ( 15.63% ). The majority of them were males ( 5 180, 77.01% ) , married ( 4 286, 63.72% ) , Zhejiang residents ( 5 304, 78.86% ) , and lived in rural areas ( 4 095, 60.88% ) . In terms of exposure history,6 586 cases ( 97.92% ) were infected by sexual contact. Among the 5 083 males infected by sexual contact, 82.63% were through heterosexual contact, 94.79% had extramarital sex partners, among whom 76.61% were commercial sex partners. The married women patients who confirmed HIV positive accounted for 75.44%. There were increasing trends in the proportion of the cases living in rural areas, male cases infected through heterosexual contact and those with extramarital and commercial sex partners, and female cases with their husbands positive along with age ( P <0.05 ) . @*Conclusions@#The number of newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases aged ≥50 years is increasing in Zhejiang Province. Many of them live in rural areas. Commercial sexual contact is the main route of HIV transmission among males and further lead to HIV transmission within couples.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 388-394, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821146

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To provide recommendations for the management of intensive care unit patients without novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods    We set up a focus group urgently and identified five key clinical issues through discussion. Total 23 databases or websites including PubMed, National Guideline Clearing-House, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention and so on were searched from construction of the library until February 28, 2020. After group discussion and collecting information, we used GRADE system to classify the evidence and give recommendations. Then we apply the recommendations to manage pediatric intensive care unit in the department of  critical care medicine in our hospital. Results    We searched 13 321 articles and finally identified 21 liteteratures. We discussed twice, and five recommendations were proposed: (1) Patients should wear medical surgical masks; (2) Family members are not allowed to visit the ward and video visitation are used; (3) It doesn’t need to increase the frequency of environmental disinfection; (4) We should provide proper health education about the disease to non-medical staff (workers, cleaners); (5) Medical staff do not need wear protective clothing. We used these recommendations in intensive care unit management for 35 days and there was no novel coronavirus infection in patients, medical staff or non-medical staff. Conclusion    The use of evidence-based medicine for emergency recommendation is helpful for the scientific and efficient management of wards, and is also suitable for the management of general intensive care units in emergent public health events.

13.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 445-449, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843735

ABSTRACT

Spermatogenesis originates from spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). SSCs can continually renew and eventually differentiate into spermatozoa under control of various growth factors, microenvironments and self-signaling. The molecules involved in SSCs self-renewal include glial cell-derived nerve growth factor, fibroblast growth factor and downstream signaling pathways, as well as the transcription factors and the epigenetic regulators. Molecules related to SSCs differentiation include retinoic acid, a variety of transcription factors and the eptigenetic regulatory factors. The research on the mechanism of SSCs self-renewal and differentiation is of great significance for the understanding of spermatogenesis and the diagnosis and treatment of male infertility. This review summarized the exogenous factors, transcription factors, and epigenetic regulators that are involved in the regulation of SSCs self-renewal and differentiation in recent years.

14.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 445-449, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695687

ABSTRACT

Spermatogenesis originates from spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs).SSCs can continually renew and eventually differentiate into spermatozoa under control of various growth factors,microenvironments and self-signaling.The molecules involved in SSCs self-renewal include glial cell-derived nerve growth factor,fibroblast growth factor and downstream signaling pathways,as well as the transcription factors and the epigenetic regulators.Molecules related to SSCs differentiation include retinoic acid,a variety of transcription factors and the eptigenetic regulatory factors.The research on the mechanism of SSCs self-renewal and differentiation is of great significance for the understanding of spermatogenesis and the diagnosis and treatment of male infertility.This review summarized the exogenous factors,transcription factors,and epigenetic regulators that are involved in the regulation of SSCs self-renewal and differentiation in recent years.

15.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 249-253,后插1, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691558

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of differentiation of cardiac stem cells(CSC)mediated by pilose antler polypeptides on the expressions of terminal myocardial differentiation genes atrial natriuretic polypeptide (ANP)and myosin light chain 2v(MLC-2v),and to clarify the mechanism of repairing the damaged myocardium.Methods:The healthy male Wistar rats born 2 d were selected to extract the CSC.The surface marker c-Kit and the purity of CSC were identified by immunofluorescence and flow cytometry.The culture dish was used as the experimental unit and the extracted cells were divided into the following four groups:blank control group(the same amount of buffer was added for induction),5-azacytidine group(induced with 3 μmol·L-15-azacytidine),pilose antler polypeptides group(induced with 800 mg·L-1pilose antler polypeptides)and combined group(induced with 800 mg·L-1pilose antler polypeptides and 3 μmol·L-15-azacytidine);the cells were incubated for 48 h in the condition of 37℃ and 5% CO2.The expression levels of ANP and MLC-2v in supernatant of the cells in various groups were detected by ELISA method.The expression levels of ANP and MLC-2v mRNA in the cells in various groups were detected by RT-PCR method.Results:CSC were prepared with the purity>95%.The results of ELISA showed that the expression levels of ANP and MLC-2v in 5-azacytidine,pilose antler polypeptides and combined groups were significantly increased compared with blank control group(P<0.05).The expression levels of ANP and MLC-2v in combined group were increased compared 5-azacytidine and pilose antler polypeptides groups,but there were no significant differences(P>0.05).The result of RT-PCR showed that the expression levels of ANP and MLC-2v mRNA in 5-azacytidine,pilose antler polypeptides and combined groups were significantly increased compared with blank control group(P<0.05).Conclusion:Pilose antler polypeptides can induce the differentiation of CSC into cardiac cells by promoting the expressions of ANP and MLC-2v,and they can reduce the cytotoxicity induced by 5-azacytidine in some degrees.

16.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 596-604, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333467

ABSTRACT

Accurate prenatal diagnosis of complex congenital cardiovascular anomalies,vascular ones in particular,is still challenging.A fetal cardiovascular cast model can provide a copy of the cardiac chambers and great vessels with normal or pathological structures.This study was aimed to demonstrate three-dimensional anatomy of complex congenital cardiovascular anomalies in fetuses by means of corrosion casting.Twenty fetuses with prenatal-ultrasound-diagnosed complex cardiovascular anomalies were enrolled in this study (19 to 35 gestational weeks).Fetal cardiovascular cast models were made by a corrosion casting technique.The specimens were injected with casting material via the umbilical vein,and then immersed in strong acid after casting fluid was solidified,to disclose the geometries of cardiovascular cavities.Nineteen cast models were successfully made from 20 specimens.The casts distinctly showed the morphological malformations and spatial relationship between cardiac chambers and great vessels.One hundred and eleven abnormalities were revealed by casting in the 19 specimens,including 34 abnormalities located in the cardiac chambers (3,4 and 27 anomalies in the atria,atrioventricular valves and ventricles,respectively),and 77 in the great vessels (28,20,24 and 5 anomalies in the aorta and its branches,the pulmonary artery,the ductus arteriosus and the major veins,respectively).Corrosion casting can display three-dimensional anatomy of fetal complex cardiovascular anomalies.This improves our understanding of related pathomorphology and prenatal diagnosis.

17.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 782-786, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333426

ABSTRACT

The intubation of conventional transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) probes into patients causes serious esophagus irritation,and thus the use of TEE probes in pediatric practice is limited.In this study,we aimed at the development of a special probe which could be inserted through the nasopharyngeal cavity into the esophagus to obtain the same high-quality echocardiography images as those obtained by conventional TEE and improve patients' experience.During the examination,the patients felt relaxed for a longer time and cooperated with the sonographers in the process of cardiac catheterization conducted in the surgery room or the intensive care unit (ICU),resulting in improved accuracy of the diagnosis and timely administration of appropriate treatment.Two years ago,Prof.Xin-fang WANG put theories into practice by inserting the probe through the nasal cavity and pharynx into the esophagus of volunteers to successfully detect the heart and great vessels at the retrocardiac space.Later,Prof.Ming-xing XIE performed the transnasal TEE examination in 12 atrial septal defect (ASD) patients and proved the safety and reliability of this method,which could become a new way for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

18.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 1103-1106, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659976

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a hanging drop 3D cell culture model of human colon cancer cell (HT29) in 48-well cell culture plate,at the same time,through the comparison of several cell viability detection methods to determine the appropriate one for this cell culture way.Methods HT29 cells of 2 375,3 164,4 218,5 625,7 500 and 10 000/well were seeded in the bottom of the 48-well culture plate to form droplets.After 2 d of inversion culture,the cell spheroids were formed and incubated in medium for another 3 d.The volume of cell spheroids were measured,and the absorbance (A) values were detected through APH assay,MTT assay,MTT assay after digestion,CCK-8 assay and CCK-8 assay after digestion.The results were compared among different methods.Results After 5 d of culture,the cell spheroids were formed perfectly at the density of 2 375-10 000/well,and the volumes were in good linear with the original cell inoculation number at the density of 2 375-7 500/well.The A values of APH assay,MTT assay after digestion and CCK-8 assay after digestion increased with the increase of cell inoculation amount;But the cell ball digestion process was complex,and the cell viability was damaged.However,the A values of MTT and CCK-8 assay increased slowly.Conclusion The method of a hanging drop 3D cell culture model in 48-well culture plate combining with APH assay to detect cell viability is economical,accurate and easy to operate.

19.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 1290-1293, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664672

ABSTRACT

Objective To study pharmacodynemics and pharmacokenitics of apixaban in rats and investigate the correlation between them.Mehtods The UPLC-MS/MS method was applied to determining the plasma concentration of apixaban and draw the concentration-time curve.Meanwhile,the extension rate of prothrombin time (PT) was determined to draw the effect-time curve.Then the relationship between concentration and effect could be evaluated.Results After iv administration of apixaban (2 mg/kg) in rats,the main pharmacokinetic parameters AUC0-∞ and T1/2z were (4 016.07 ± 1 160.46) μg·h/L and (2.95 ± 1.59) h,respectively.After ig administration of apixaban (10 mg/kg),the main pharmacokinetic parameters AUC0-∞,T1/2z,Cmax,Tmax and bioavailability were (17 973.48 ± 3145.30) μg·h/L,(1.52 ± 0.36) h,(4 949.12 ± 615.38) μg/L,(1.00 ± 0.71) h and 89.5%,respectively.Apixaban (10 mg/kg) significantly increased PT and the effect lasted about 2 h.The changes of apixaban plasma concentration and PT extension rate were synchronous.Conclusion Apixaban has the characteristics of high oral bioavailability and rapid absorption.There is a significant correlation between PT extension rate and its plasma concentration after ig administration of 10 mg/kg in rats.

20.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 1103-1106, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662406

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a hanging drop 3D cell culture model of human colon cancer cell (HT29) in 48-well cell culture plate,at the same time,through the comparison of several cell viability detection methods to determine the appropriate one for this cell culture way.Methods HT29 cells of 2 375,3 164,4 218,5 625,7 500 and 10 000/well were seeded in the bottom of the 48-well culture plate to form droplets.After 2 d of inversion culture,the cell spheroids were formed and incubated in medium for another 3 d.The volume of cell spheroids were measured,and the absorbance (A) values were detected through APH assay,MTT assay,MTT assay after digestion,CCK-8 assay and CCK-8 assay after digestion.The results were compared among different methods.Results After 5 d of culture,the cell spheroids were formed perfectly at the density of 2 375-10 000/well,and the volumes were in good linear with the original cell inoculation number at the density of 2 375-7 500/well.The A values of APH assay,MTT assay after digestion and CCK-8 assay after digestion increased with the increase of cell inoculation amount;But the cell ball digestion process was complex,and the cell viability was damaged.However,the A values of MTT and CCK-8 assay increased slowly.Conclusion The method of a hanging drop 3D cell culture model in 48-well culture plate combining with APH assay to detect cell viability is economical,accurate and easy to operate.

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