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Journal of Rural Medicine ; : 123-125, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886182


Introduction: Brachiocephalic artery stenosis rarely causes right hemispheric infarction with associated left hemiparesis. To date, there have been no reported cases of stroke associated with brachiocephalic artery stenosis that were successfully treated with recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA), alteplase.Case Report: An 80-year-old woman presented with left hemiparesis. Brain computed tomography showed no hemorrhage, and computed tomography angiography demonstrated brachiocephalic artery stenosis. Alteplase was administered based on a diagnosis of ischemic stroke. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple acute infarctions. Thereafter, the blood pressure of the right arm was found to be lower than that of the left arm. The patient’s neurological deficits gradually improved; she was eventually able to walk again and was thus discharged home.Conclusion: While the combination of left hemiparesis and a decrease in blood pressure in the right arm are well known in patients with stroke associated with Stanford type A aortic dissections, it may also occur in patients with stroke due to brachiocephalic artery stenosis. Unlike stroke associated with Stanford type A aortic dissections, stroke due to brachiocephalic artery stenosis may be treated with alteplase.

Journal of the Japanese Association of Rural Medicine ; : 351-2020.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842956


The Trail Making Test (TMT) is a widely used measure of attention impairment. The time needed to complete the TMT (TMT score) is longer with greater impairment of attention in patients with brain diseases. TMT score becomes large in a proportion of patients with minor ischemic stroke. The Japanese version of the TMT- (TMT-J) was published in 2019. The purpose of this study was to clarify serial changes in TMT-J scores in patients with minor ischemic stroke. We retrospectively reviewed the TMT-J scores in those patients who completed the test both 8-14 days and 29-35 days after stroke onset. On initial evaluation, 1 of 21 patients could not complete TMT-J Part A. TMT-J Part A scores had a mean of 67 s and were abnormally large in 45% of the 20 patients who completed this part. Two of these 20 patients could not complete TMT-J Part B. TMT-J Part B scores had a mean of 135 s and were abnormally large in 61% of the 18 patients who completed this part. On second evaluation, scores on Part A and Part B improved in 76% and 73% of patients, respectively. This study demonstrated that abnormal TMT-J scores 8-14 days after onset of minor ischemic stroke improved over time in most patients.

Journal of the Japanese Association of Rural Medicine ; : 148-154, 2020.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829782


A 60-year-old woman with Parkinson disease (PD) treated by Levodopa / carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) began physical therapy (PT). Before inducing LCIG therapy, she had six hours off time a day, and she have not walked outside for six years due to the fear of off time freezing. Scores for depression and anxiety on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were 14 and 11, respectively. Symptoms of depression and anxiety as well as impaired endurance and balance were confirmed. While maintaining LCIG treatment, physical therapy (PT) was started with a focus on tasks to improve endurance and balance. Activity goals were decided with the patient. She stopped experiencing episodes of off time four months after PT was introduced and her HADS scores for depression and anxiety decreased to 6 and 3, respectively. She achieved the activity goals she had set, and outings became part of her daily routine. When introducing PT alongside LCIG treatment, patients and therapists should decide the activity goals together and work on activities that address the problems identified by the pre-PT assessment.

Journal of Rural Medicine ; : 72-75, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689016


Background: Although acute pancreatitis is listed among the exclusion criteria for the administration of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator according to the Japanese Guideline for the Management of Stroke, the co-occurrence of acute pancreatitis and acute ischemic stroke has not been investigated. The present study aimed to assess the incidence rate of acute pancreatitis in patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods: This study consecutively enrolled all patients with ischemic stroke admitted to the Department of Neurology, JA Toride Medical Center between April 2014 and March 2016. Diagnosis of acute pancreatitis was made according to the revised Atlanta Classification of Acute Pancreatitis. We retrospectively analyzed serum amylase activity and the frequency of acute pancreatitis as a comorbidity of ischemic stroke.Results: A total of 411 ischemic stroke patients were included. Serum amylase activity was measured for 364 patients, 27 of whom presented with amylase activity exceeding the upper limit of normal. In two patients with serum amylase activity greater than three times-fold the upper limit of normal, computed tomography or transabdominal ultrasonography showed no characteristic findings of acute pancreatitis. No patient in the cohort met the diagnostic criteria for acute pancreatitis.Conclusions: Acute pancreatitis is a very rare comorbidity of acute ischemic stroke.

Journal of the Japanese Association of Rural Medicine ; : 1194-1200, 2017.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-378833


    A 76-year-old woman with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) was transferred to our Recovery Rehabilitation Unit because of systemic muscle weakness due to disuse. She had been bed-ridden for about 6 months because of treatment for deep venous thrombosis and urinary tract infection. Weakness and features of parkinsonism were severe and she could barely turn over in bed. On admission, she needed considerable assistance to sit up and have meals. Her Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) score was 129 and Functional In de pendence Measure (FIM) score was 27 at the first evaluation. The doctor organized the dose of the drugs for DLB, and physical rehabilitation therapists performed repeated arm stretching exercises using Red Cord, raising the body, and standing exercises. Recreational activities such as ball-throwing games and singing songs gradually made her feel positive. She returned home on day 84 after admission. On discharge, she could stand and transfer to a wheelchair by slight assistance. The final evaluation showed that her UPDRS and FIM scores were 105 and 43, respectively. The outcome in this case suggests that adequate interventions in recovery rehabilitation units can improve ADL in patients with advanced neurodegenerative disease.