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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 213-218, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013583

ABSTRACT

As a widely used anti-tumor drug and anti-rheumatic drug in clinic, methotrexate (MTX) has many toxic and side effects, including gastrointestinal mucosa injury, central nervous system injury, liver and kidney function injury, etc. They often bring great trouble to the follow-up treatment of patients. The clarification of the mechanism of MTX toxicity to various organs has become the key to rescue the toxicity. The purpose of the article is to review the toxicity mechanism of MTX in various organs, so as to save the patients from the adverse reactions in clinical treatment.

2.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 480-493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985953

ABSTRACT

We wished to establish an expert consensus on late stage of critical care (CC) management. The panel comprised 13 experts in CC medicine. Each statement was assessed based on the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) principle. Then, the Delphi method was adopted by 17 experts to reassess the following 28 statements. (1) ESCAPE has evolved from a strategy of delirium management to a strategy of late stage of CC management. (2) The new version of ESCAPE is a strategy for optimizing treatment and comprehensive care of critically ill patients (CIPs) after the rescue period, including early mobilization, early rehabilitation, nutritional support, sleep management, mental assessment, cognitive-function training, emotional support, and optimizing sedation and analgesia. (3) Disease assessment to determine the starting point of early mobilization, early rehabilitation, and early enteral nutrition. (4) Early mobilization has synergistic effects upon the recovery of organ function. (5) Early functional exercise and rehabilitation are important means to promote CIP recovery, and gives them a sense of future prospects. (6) Timely start of enteral nutrition is conducive to early mobilization and early rehabilitation. (7) The spontaneous breathing test should be started as soon as possible, and a weaning plan should be selected step-by-step. (8) The waking process of CIPs should be realized in a planned and purposeful way. (9) Establishment of a sleep-wake rhythm is the key to sleep management in post-CC management. (10) The spontaneous awakening trial, spontaneous breathing trial, and sleep management should be carried out together. (11) The depth of sedation should be adjusted dynamically in the late stage of CC period. (12) Standardized sedation assessment is the premise of rational sedation. (13) Appropriate sedative drugs should be selected according to the objectives of sedation and drug characteristics. (14) A goal-directed minimization strategy for sedation should be implemented. (15) The principle of analgesia must be mastered first. (16) Subjective assessment is preferred for analgesia assessment. (17) Opioid-based analgesic strategies should be selected step-by-step according to the characteristics of different drugs. (18) There must be rational use of non-opioid analgesics and non-drug-based analgesic measures. (19) Pay attention to evaluation of the psychological status of CIPs. (20) Cognitive function in CIPs cannot be ignored. (21) Delirium management should be based on non-drug-based measures and rational use of drugs. (22) Reset treatment can be considered for severe delirium. (23) Psychological assessment should be conducted as early as possible to screen-out high-risk groups with post-traumatic stress disorder. (24) Emotional support, flexible visiting, and environment management are important components of humanistic management in the intensive care unit (ICU). (25) Emotional support from medical teams and families should be promoted through"ICU diaries"and other forms. (26) Environmental management should be carried out by enriching environmental content, limiting environmental interference, and optimizing the environmental atmosphere. (27) Reasonable promotion of flexible visitation should be done on the basis of prevention of nosocomial infection. (28) ESCAPE is an excellent project for late stage of CC management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Critical Care/methods , Intensive Care Units , Pain/drug therapy , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Delirium/therapy , Critical Illness
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1126-1132, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985643

ABSTRACT

Odds ratio (OR) and relative risk (RR) are the most commonly used statistical indicators for the estimation of the association between exposure and outcome. In the cohort study with rare outcomes, the estimated OR approximately equals RR, but RR seems more interpretable. The study aims to explore the difference between OR and RR estimated by different multivariate analyses to provide reference for the selection of more appropriate multivariate regression methods and reporting indicators for estimating the association between exposure and rare outcome in cohort studies. This case study used the data from China birth cohort study. Modes of conception and congenital disabilities were regarded as exposure and outcome, respectively. Maternal age, family history of congenital disabilities with clear evidence were included as covariates. Logistic regression, log-binomial regression, and Poisson regression were used to estimate the OR and RR, respectively. Then, OR, RR, and their 95%CI estimated by three regression models were compared. The OR estimated by logistic regression was approximately equal to the RR estimated by log-binomial regression or Poisson regression. However, the RR estimated by log-binomial regression or Poisson regression was closer to 1.00, with a narrower 95%CI. Log-binomial regression or Poisson regression might have non convergence or over dispersion problems. It is recommended to report the RR obtained by log-binomial regression or Poisson regression in the cohort study with rare outcomes if applicable.

4.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 941-948, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985500

ABSTRACT

The cardiovascular health index (CVH) is a composite index consisting of 7 CVH metrics (CVHM) to evaluate the cardiovascular health status in the population. CVH has been proven to be closely related to a variety of health outcomes and widely used in the prevention of many diseases and the evaluation of intervention effectiveness. This review summarizes the recent distribution of CVH and CVHM in pregnant women and the relationship between CVH and CVHM with adverse health outcomes, which aims to explore the application of CVH and CVHM in preventing pregnancy-related diseases and improving the long-term health level of perinatal women and their offspring.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Risk Factors , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Health Behavior , Health Status
5.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 905-911, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985494

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the association between coagulation function indicators and placental abruption (PA) in different trimesters of pregnancy among preeclampsia-eclampsia pregnant women. Methods: From February 2018 to December 2020, pregnant women who participated in the China birth cohort study and were diagnosed with preeclampsia, eclampsia and chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital were enrolled in this study. The baseline and follow-up information were collected by questionnaire survey, and the coagulation function indicators in the first and third trimesters were obtained through medical records. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze the association between the coagulation function indicators and PA. A restrictive cubic spline curve was used to draw the dose-response curve between the relevant coagulation function indicators and PA. Results: A total of 1 340 participants were included in this study. The age was (32.50±4.24) and the incidence of PA was 4.4% (59/1 340). After adjusting for relevant factors, Cox proportional hazards model showed that compared with the high-level classification of fibrinogen (FIB), participants within the middle-(HR=3.28, 95%CI: 1.27-8.48) and low-level (HR=3.84, 95%CI: 1.40-10.53) classification during the first trimester and within the low-level classification (HR=4.18, 95%CI: 1.68-10.39) during the third trimester were more likely to experience PA. Compared with the middle-level classification of pro-thrombin time (PT), the risk of PA in the participants within the low-level classification (HR=2.67, 95%CI: 1.48-4.82) was significantly higher in the third trimester. The restrictive cubic spline analysis showed a linear negative association between FIB and PA in the first and third trimesters, while PT and PA showed an approximately L-shaped association . Conclusion: Among pregnant women diagnosed with preeclampsia-eclampsia, the middle-and low-level classification of FIB in the first and third trimesters and the low-level classification of PT in the third trimester could increase the risk of PA.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Pre-Eclampsia/diagnosis , Abruptio Placentae/epidemiology , Pregnant Women , Eclampsia , Cohort Studies , Placenta
6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 899-904, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985493

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the incidence of preterm birth based on pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) stratification and explore the associated factors of preterm birth among pregnant women at different BMI stratifications. Methods: From February 2018 to December 2020, pregnant women who participated in China Birth Cohort Study (CBCS) and gave birth at Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital were enrolled as the study subjects. Electronic Data Capture System and standard structured questionnaires were used to collect data related to pre-pregnancy, pregnancy, and delivery for pregnant women. Pregnant women were divided into the low-weight group, normal-weight group and overweight group based on their pre-pregnancy BMI. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze the associated factors of preterm birth among pregnant women with different BMI before pregnancy. Results: A total of 27 195 singleton pregnant women were included, with a preterm birth rate of 5.08% (1 381/27 195). The preterm birth rates in the low-weight group, normal-weight group and overweight group were 4.29% (138/3 219), 4.63% (852/18 390) and 7.00% (391/5 586) respectively (P<0.001). After adjusting for relevant factors, the Cox proportional hazards model showed that the risk of preterm birth in the overweight group was 1.457 times higher than that in the normal-weight group (95%CI: 1.292-1.643). Preeclampsia-eclampsia (HR=2.701, 95%CI: 1.318-5.537) was the associated factor for preterm birth in the low-weight group. Advanced maternal age (HR=1.232, 95%CI: 1.054-1.441), history of preterm birth (HR=4.647, 95%CI: 3.314-6.515), vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy (HR=1.613, 95%CI: 1.380-1.884), and preeclampsia-eclampsia (HR=3.553, 95%CI: 2.866-4.404) were associated factors for preterm birth in the normal-weight group. Advanced maternal age (HR=1.473, 95%CI: 1.193-1.818), history of preterm birth (HR=3.209, 95%CI: 1.960-5.253), vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy (HR=1.636, 95%CI: 1.301-2.058), preeclampsia-eclampsia (HR=2.873, 95%CI:2.265-3.643), and pre-gestational diabetes mellitus (HR=1.867, 95%CI: 1.283-2.717) were associated factors for preterm birth in the overweight group. Conclusion: Pre-pregnancy overweight is an associated factor for preterm birth, and there are significant differences in the associated factors of preterm birth among pregnant women with different BMI before pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Female , Humans , Body Mass Index , Overweight/epidemiology , Premature Birth/epidemiology , Pre-Eclampsia/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Eclampsia , Incidence , Risk Factors , Thinness/epidemiology
7.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 11-16, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995588

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and investigate the related factors that might affect clinical features of familial exudative vitreoretinopaty (FEVR) patients.Methods:A retrospective chart study. From January 2012 and December 2021, 42 patients with 84 eyes with a diagnosis of FEVR from Department of Ophthalmology, Peking University People's Hospital were included in the study. The patients came from 42 separate families. There were 31 males and 11 females, with an average age of first diagnosis was 16.6±33.7 months. There were 21 patients referred from other hospitals for the fundus disease found in eye screening after birth, 21 patients were first seen in our hospital. There were 4 and 38 premature and full-term infants, respectively. Two patients with a positive family history of FEVR. All patients are FEVR stages 1-5. The wide-angle digital pediatric retinal imaging system after general anesthesia for fluorescein fundus angiography (FFA) examination were performed for patients aged <5 years. If patients ≥ 5 years old, routine FFA examination was performed. Sixty-eight first-degree relatives from 28 families undergo routine fundus examinations and FFA examination. Genetic examination was performed for 26 families, including 26 probands and 57 first-degree relatives. Genetic examination were performed on gene the coreceptor of low density lipoprotein receptor-associated protein 5 ( LRP5), Wnt receptor coiled protein 4 ( FZD4), Norrie disease ( NDP), tetraporin 12 ( TSPAN12), catenin β1 ( CTNNB1) genes known to be involved in FEVR. The clinical features and the genotype of FEVR were observed in relation to the clinical phenotype. Results:Among the 42 patients, 13 patients were first observed by strabismus and nystagmus, with the median age of 12 months. Eight patients were complained non-chasing or vision-related symptoms. Among the 84 eyes, FEVR stage 1 or 2, 3 or 4, and 5 were 50 (59.5%, 50/84), 31 (36.9%, 31/84), and 3 (3.6%, 3/84) eyes, respectively. Among the 23 patients who were > 3 months at first diagnosis, 16 patients had at least one eye severer than stage 3 (69.6%, 16/23). Of the 68 first-degree relatives, 22 (32.4%, 22/68) had FEVR-like changes. Among the 26 families that underwent genetic detection, 13 families (50%, 13/26) of 16 variants of FEVR-related genes were detected, of which 10 mutations of LRP5 gene were the most common. There were 10 families with single gene mutations, including 6, 2 and 2 families of LRP5, FZD4 and CTNNB1 genes, respectively. One family of LRP5 gene mutations were compound heterozygous mutations, 1 family with LRP5 gene mutaition combined with NDP gene mutation, and 1 family with LRP5 and TSPAN12 gene mutation. Among the proband with FEVR pathogenic genes, 6 cases with similiar stage of both eyes, and 7 cases with inconsistent disease stages, and there was no obvious correlation between gene mutations and clinical phenotypes. Conclusion:In addition to the age of first diagnosis, no exact factors affecting the clinical manifestations of FEVR are found, and the association between clinical phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity still needs to be further explored.

8.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 240-250, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982490

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To clarify the anti-depressive potential mechanisms of Kaixin Powder (KP), a drug that helps to prevent and treat depression and other mentaldiseases, from genome-wide transcriptome profiling.@*METHODS@#Transcriptome and KEGG pathway analysis were conducted on the hippocampus of depressed rats, then the differentially expressed genes were validated and serum concentration of lipid parameters were identified by enzymatic assays. Furthermore, high-fat diets induced depression-like behaviors in Syrian golden hamsters were conducted to verify the predicted molecular mechanisms acquired from the transcriptome analysis.@*RESULTS@#Transcriptome results revealed that the 24 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in chronic mild stress (CMS) rats could be reversed after two weeks of KP treatment. The mechanisms of KP in treating depression firstly involved the regulation of several pathology modules, including lipid metabolism, synapse function and inflammation. KP could regulate imbalances of lipid homeostasis in high-fat diet induced depressive symptoms. Furthermore, it was validated that cholesterol metabolism dysfunction can be ameliorated by KP, which was correlated with upregulation of the AdipoR1-BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor) co-regulatory pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#Taken together, our results demonstrated that KP not only alleviates depression via traditional mental illness targets, but it may also simulates the cholesterol metabolism and adiponectin signaling with multi-target characteristics.

9.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 43-48, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964647

ABSTRACT

Background Welders in automobile manufacturers are prone to hand/wrist musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), which seriously affect workers' physical and mental health. Objective To investigate the factors influencing hand/wrist MSDs of welders in an automobile factory and the population attributable risk percentage (PARP). Methods Five branches of an automobile factory were selected by convenient sampling method, and all qualified welders in the selected branches were enrolled as research participants. The Chinese Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire was used to collect information such as general characteristics of welders, presentation of MSDs in the wrists and hands, and selected ergonomic factors. Log-binomial model in the SAS program was used to calculate the prevalence ratio (PR) of each influencing factor and PARP. Results The prevalence rate of MSDs in the hands/wrists of welders in the automobile factory was 44.1% (345/782). The results of multiple analysis showed that female (PR=1.25, 95%CI: 1.10-1.44), being very tired after work (versus not tired, PR=2.22, 95%CI: 1.16-4.25), twisting wrists (PR=1.44, 95%CI: 1.19-1.74), insufficient operating space (PR=1.22, 95%CI: 1.07-1.40), and holding or pinching objects by hands (PR=1.58, 95%CI: 1.18-2.12) increased the risk of reporting hand/wrist MSDs symptoms. The PARP of major occupational risk factors was: holding or pinching objects by hands, 32.46%; twisting wrists, 21.50%; being very tired after work, 15.28%; and insufficient operating space, 8.18%. Conclusion The prevalence of MSDs symptoms in hands/wrists of welders in this automobile factory is high. Gender, holding or pinching objects by hands, twisting wrists, being very tired after work, and insufficient operating space are the factors affecting hand/wrist MSDs, among which holding or pinching objects by hands and twisting wrists are the priority intervention factors.

10.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 213-223, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the apoptosis and cycle arrest effects of Oldenlandia diffusa flavonoids on human gastric cancer cells, determine the action mechanisms in association with the mitochondrial dependent signal transduction pathway that controls production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and evaluate the pharmacodynamics of a mouse xenotransplantation model to provide a reference for the use of flavonoids in prevention and treatment of gastric cancer.@*METHODS@#Flavonoids were extracted by an enzymatic-ultrasonic assisted method and purified with D-101 resin. Bioactive components were characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography. Cell lines MKN-45, AGS, and GES-1 were treated with different concentrations of flavonoids (64, 96, 128, 160 µg/mL). The effect of flavonoids on cell viability was evaluated by MTT method, and cell nuclear morphology was observed by Hoechst staining. The apoptosis rate and cell cycle phases were measured by flow cytometry, the production of ROS was detected by laser confocal microscope, the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were observed by fluorescence microscope, and the expression of apoptotic proteins related to activation of mitochondrial pathway were measured by immunoblotting. MKN-45 cells were transplanted into BALB/c nude mice to establish a xenograft tumor model. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to reveal the subcutaneous tumor tissue. The tumor volume and tumor weight were measured, the expression levels of proliferation markers proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Ki-67 were detected by immunohistochemistry, and the expression levels of CA72-4 were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.@*RESULTS@#Oldenlandia diffusa flavonoids inhibited proliferation of MKN-45 and AGS human gastric cancer cells, arrested the cell cycle in G1/S phase, induced accumulation of ROS in the process of apoptosis, and altered MMP. In addition, flavonoids increased Apaf-1, Cleaved-Caspase-3, and Bax, and decreased Cyclin A, Cdk2, Bcl-2, Pro-Caspase-9, and Mitochondrial Cytochrome C (P<0.05). The MKN-45 cell mouse xenotransplantation model further clarified the growth inhibitory effect of flavonoids towards tumors. The expression levels of PCNA and Ki-67 decreased in each flavonoid dose group, the expression level of CA72-4 decreased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Flavonoids derived from Oldenlandia diffusa can inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of human gastric cancer cells by activating the mitochondrial controlled signal transduction pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Oldenlandia/metabolism , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Stomach Neoplasms , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Ki-67 Antigen , Cell Line, Tumor , Apoptosis , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Caspases , Cell Proliferation
11.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 177-180, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930061

ABSTRACT

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) can not only prolong the survival time of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in a short time, but also achieve a lasting response to the tumor. However, there has been significant heterogeneity in the efficacy of ICIs among patients with different types of NSCLC, and there has been still a lack of universal biomarkers to predict the benefit of ICIs treatment. Inflammation has played a definite role in the occurrence and development of tumors, and a variety of inflammatory markers in serum also have become clinical indicators reflecting immune status, such as lactate dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein, serum neutrophils, lymphocytes, platelets and other indicators. These inflammatory markers are easy to obtain and are associated with the prognosis of a variety of solid tumors.

12.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 80-84, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920379

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the characteristics of noise hazards in automobile sand casting industry and understand the impact of noise on the health of automobile foundry workers, and to provide scientific data support for the control of noise hazards. Methods An automobile sand casting enterprise was selected as the research object. The post noise intensity test results from 2010 to 2019, the noise spectrum test results of each post in 2019, and the prevalence of occupational noise deafness in the 10 years from 2010 to 2019 were analyzed and sorted out. Using chi-square test and t-test the noise hazard characteristics and noise intensity changes were statistically analyzed. Results 1. The noise LEX.8h exceeding standard rate of foundry enterprises in the 10 years from 2010 to 2019 was not statistically significant(χ2=6.76, P=0.66), and the mean value of noise LEX.8h fluctuated horizontally in the 10 years, which was basically stable between 80 - 90 dB (A). 2. The mean value of noise intensity of sand falling, sand preparation, cleaning and shot blasting in the first five years was significantly different compared to that in the last five years. There was no statistically significant difference in other posts. 3. Among all posts in the foundry sand casting industry, the noise spectrum of core-making and cleaning posts was mainly medium and high frequency, while the noise spectrum of other posts was mainly medium and low frequency. 4, Cases of occupational noise deafness were mainly concentrated in cleaning and polishing workers, melting chemical workers, inspectors and other types of workers. Conclusions The noise hazards in the automobile foundry sand casting industry are mainly concentrated on the posts of molding, and sand falling, and the noise intensity and the over standard rate remain high in the past 10 years. The noise of each post is mainly medium and low frequency, and the noise of a few individual posts is mainly medium and high frequency. In recent years, due to the automatic renewal of equipment, the noise intensity of some posts such as sand dropping, sand mixing, cleaning and shot blasting has decreased, but the overall noise exceeding standard rate has basically not changed, and the noise hazard is still serious. The noise hazard of foundry sand casting enterprises is difficult to be controlled, and the risk of hearing loss of foundry workers is still high.

13.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 546-550, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958483

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognosis and differences of visual function and fundus structure in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) undergoing anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents (VEGF) or laser photocoagulation treatment with long-term follow-up.Methods:Retrospective case control series. From January 2010 to December 2021, A total of 35 children (63 eyes) with ROP who were first diagnosed in Department of Ophthalmology, Peking University People's Hospital and followed up for as long as 5 years were included. Among them, 21 males (36 eyes) and 15 females (27 eyes) were enrolled. The average gestational age (GA) of the children at birth was 29.30±1.77 weeks. Among the included 12 aggressive ROP (A-ROP) eyes and 51 pre-threshold type 1 ROP eyes, no retinal detachment occurred. Each eye received only intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF agents or laser monotherapy after diagnosis, and divided into anti-VEGF group or laser group according to the treatment. Thirty-five eyes of 20 infants were included in the anti-VEGF group and 28 eyes of 15 infants were included in the laser group. GA, birth weight (BW) and postmenstrual age receiving first treatment were compared and no significant difference between the two groups was defined ( P=0.844, 0.859, 0.694). The number of A-ROP, pre-threshold type 1 ROP eyes were also compared, and statistically significance can be defined ( P=0.005). During the follow-up period, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), refractive status, visual field, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fluorescein fundus angiography (FFA) were performed. The BCVA examination was carried out using the international standard decimal visual acuity chart, which was converted into the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) visual acuity for statistics. Refractive status was calculated as spherical equivalent (SE). Comparative observation of 5-year outcomes including BW, GA, fundus examination at the initial diagnosis, and BCVA, refractive status, visual field defect, central foveal thickness (CFT), subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) and abnormality of peripheral retina in FFA were performed between the two groups. Differences between groups were compared using t test or nonparametric test for measurement data, and χ 2 test was used for comparison between groups in enumeration data. Results:Five years after treatment, retinal avascular areas were seen around the eyes in the anti-VEGF treatment group, with a size of 2.32±1.84 optic disc diameters, and 1 eye had fluorescein leakage at the junction of the peripheral avascular areas; eyes in the laser treatment group old photocoagulation spots were seen in the peripheral retina, and no fluorescein leakage was seen. The logMAR BCVA of the eyes in the anti-VEGF treatment group and laser treatment group were 0.15 (0.00, 0.20), 0.10 (0.00, 0.16), respectively; SE were 0.50 (-1.25, 1.31), 0.38 (-4.25, 1.75) D, respectively; mean defect (MD) values of visual field were 2.70 (1.20, 4.80), 4.25 (2.83, 6.98) dB; CFT, SFCT were 225.00±29.31, 287.18±68.56 μm and 237.17±32.81, 279.79±43.61 μm. There was no significant difference in logMAR BCVA, CFT and SFCT between the two groups ( P=0.363, 0.147, 0.622); the lower quartile of SE and visual field MD value in the laser treatment group were significantly higher than those in the laser treatment group, but there was no significant difference in the median SE ( P=0.109), and there was a statistically significant difference in the median MD value of the visual field ( P=0.037). Conclusions:Anti-VEGF agents and laser therapy can achieve similar good visual prognosis for early ROP, and the peripheral visual field can be preserved to a greater extent, however, the peripheral visual field defect in the laser group is more significant than that in the anti-VEGF group. For ROP without retinal detachment, the thickness of the retina and choroid in the fovea is generally normal.

14.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1385-1388, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954473

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of internal administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and external application of hot election bag combined with acupuncture on urinary retention after stroke with kidney qi deficiency type.Methods:A total of 106 patients admitted to Chengde Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 2017 to December 2020 who met the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into 2 groups according to the random number table method, with 53 in each group. The control group was treated with conventional western medicine therapy and bladder function training, while the observation group was treated with TCM, acupuncture and external application on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated for 28 days. Before and after treatment, TCM syndrome scores were performed, and the maximum urinary capacity and residual urine volume were recorded by abdominal B-ultrasound to evaluate the bladder function of the patients. The improvement time of urinary pain, first urination time, catheter indwelling time, length of hospital stay and adverse reactions during treatment were observed and recorded, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.Results:The total effective rate was 96.2% (51/53) in the observation group and 84.9% (45/53) in the control group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=3.98, P=0.046). The residual urine volume of the observation group after treatment [(54.23±6.23) ml vs. (91.24±11.25) ml, t=20.95] was significantly lower than that of the control group ( P<0.01), and the maximum urinary bladder volume [(366.23±30.23) ml vs. (259.63±26.23) ml, t=19.39] was significantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.01). After treatment, the TCM syndrome score of the observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group ( t=13.25, P<0.01), and the bladder function score of the observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group ( t=13.53, P<0.01). The improvement time of urinary pain, first urination time, catheter indwelling time and hospital stay in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t=5.73, 17.91, 6.76, 9.67, all Ps <0.01). No adverse reactions occurred in the two groups during treatment. Conclusion:The combination of TCM, hot compress therapy and acupuncture plus routine therapy can treat the patients with urinary retention after stroke and kidney qi deficiency type with good bladder function, improved symptoms and fast recovery and safety.

15.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 583-589, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014120

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects and possible molecular mechanisms of dioscin(DIO)against depression in mice.Methods Eighty mice were randomly divided into control group, DIO control group, model group, DIO groups(20, 40 and 80 mg·kg-1 DIO)and FLU group(20 mg·kg-1 fluoxetine).After establishing the depression model with chronic unpredictable moderate stress(CUMS)in mice, the corresponding drugs were administered by gavage continuously for four weeks in each group.The behavior of mice was tested, and the contents of corticosterone(CORT), brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF), 5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT), malondialdehyde(MDA), superoxide dismutase(SOD)and catalase(CAT)were evaluated by ELISA or enzyme labeling method.In addition, HE staining, Nissl staining and PET scanning were operated for the brain tissues.Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions.Results Compared with model group, DIO significantly improved the behaviors of depressed mice.And it reduced the contents of CORT in serum, increased BDNF and 5-HT in hippocampus.Meanwhile, DIO obviously reduced MDA in serum, increased SOD in serum and CAT in brain tissues.DIO improved the steatosis of brain tissues, disorder and looseness of neurons, and increased glucose metabolism in brain tissues of depressed mice.The molecular mechanism suggested that compared with model group, DIO significantly increased the protein level of UCP2 to adjust the levels of Nrf2, SOD2, GLUT1 and G6Pase.Conclusions DIO improves the depression symptoms of depressed mice, which should be through adjusting UCP2-mediated oxidative stress and glucose metabolism.

16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1837-1846, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927821

ABSTRACT

We researched the mechanism of African swine fever virus (ASFV) protein E248R in regulating the cGAS-STING pathway. First, we verified via the dual-luciferase reporter assay system that E248R protein inhibited the secretion of IFN-β induced by cGAS-STING or HT-DNA in a dose-dependent manner. The relative quantitative PCR analysis indicated that the overexpression of E248R inhibited HT-DNA-induced transcription of IFN-b1, RANTES, IL-6, and TNF-α in PK-15 cells. Next, we found that E248R interacted with STING by co-immunoprecipitation assay and laser confocal microscopy. Finally, we demonstrated that E248R inhibited the expression of STING protein by using Western blotting. We demonstrated for the first time that the E248R protein of ASFV suppressed the host innate immune response via inhibiting STING expression. The results are pivotal in extending the understanding of the ASFV immune escape and can guide the design of vaccines against ASFV.


Subject(s)
Animals , African Swine Fever Virus/genetics , DNA , Immunity, Innate , Nucleotidyltransferases/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Swine
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 130-138, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927698

ABSTRACT

In order to obtain virus-like particles (VLPs) for prevention of bovine viral diarrhea virus 1 (BVDV-1), the C-Erns-E1-E2 region was cloned into a pFastBacDaul vector for generating the recombinant Bacmid-BVDV-1 in DH10Bac Escherichia coli. The recombinant baculovirus Baculo-BVDV-1 was produced by transfecting the Sf9 cells with Bacmid-BVDV-1. The expressed protein and the assembled VLPs were determined by immunofluorescence, Western blotting and electron microscopy. Guinea pigs were immunized with inactivated VLPs coupled with the Montanide ISA-201 adjuvant. The immunogenicity of VLPs was evaluated by monitoring the humoral immune response with neutralizing antibody titer determination, as well as by analyzing the cell-mediated immune response with lymphocyte proliferation assay. The protective efficacy of VLPs was evaluated by challenging with 106 TCID50 virulent BVDV-1 strain AV69. The results showed that the recombinant Baculo-BVDV-1 efficiently expressed BVDV structural protein and form VLPs in infected Sf9 cells. The immunization of guinea pigs with VLPs resulted in a high titer (1:144) of neutralizing antibody, indicating an activated cellular immunity. Significantly lower viral RNA in the blood of the post-challenged immunized guinea pigs was observed. The successful preparation of BVDV VLPs with insect cell expression system and the observation of the associated immunogenicity may facilitate further development of a VLPs-based vaccine against BVD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Diarrhea , Diarrhea Virus 1, Bovine Viral , Guinea Pigs , Mineral Oil , Viral Envelope Proteins , Viral Vaccines
18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 224-229, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935931

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of berberine on programmed necrosis of hepatocytes induced by metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) in mice and its related molecular mechanism. Methods: Twenty male C57BL/6N mice were randomly divided into four groups (n=5 in each group): control group (S), fatty liver group (H), berberine group(B), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 inhibitor group (Nrf2), and all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) group (A). Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) concentrations were detected at the end of week 12 to calculate fatty liver index (liver mass/body mass ratio). Liver tissue was stained with HE, Masson and Oil Red O, and SAF score was used to evaluate the degree of liver injury. The expression levels of hepatic programmed necrosis-related proteins, namely receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIPK3), phosphorylated mixed series protease-like domain (p-MLKL) and Nrf2 were detected by Western blot method. One-way ANOVA was used for intragroup comparisons and LSD-t tests were used for intergroup comparisons. Results: Compared with S group, H group serum ALT, AST, LDH, TG, TC, TNF-α, IL-1β levels and fatty liver index were significantly increased. The liver tissue was filled with vacuolar-like changes and inflammatory cell infiltration. Numerous red lipid droplets were observed with oil red O staining. Collagen fiber hyperplasia was evident with Masson staining. SAF scores (6.60 ± 0.55 and 0.80 ± 0.45) were significantly increased. The expressions of RIPK3 and p-MLKL were up-regulated. Nrf2 level was relatively increased, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Compared with H group, berberine intervention group liver biochemical indexes, lipid levels, pro-inflammatory mediator expression, fatty liver index, and SAF score were significantly reduced, and the expression of RIPK3 and p-MLKL were down-regulated, while Nrf2 levels were further increased, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Compared with B group, treatment with Nrf2 inhibitor had antagonized the protective effect of berberine on fatty liver. Serum ALT, AST, LDH, TG, TC and TNF-α, IL-1β levels, fatty liver index, and SAF scores were significantly increased and the expressions of RIPK3 and p-MLKL were relatively increased, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Berberine can significantly improve the metabolic-associated fatty liver disease injury in mice, and its mechanism is related to activation of Nrf2 and inhibition of programmed necrosis of hepatocytes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Berberine/therapeutic use , Fatty Liver , Mice, Inbred C57BL , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Necrosis
19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 187-195, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878553

ABSTRACT

In order to screen African swine fever virus (ASFV) diagnostic antigen with the best enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) reactivity. By establishing the ELISA method, the diagnostic antigen of ASFV p30 protein expressed by baculovirus-insect cell expression system as reference, we explored the antigenic properties and diagnostic potential of ASFV p35 protein expressed by prokaryotic expression system as a diagnostic antigen. The results of Western blotting and immunofluorescence show that the molecular weight of the recombinant p35 protein and p30 protein obtained was 40 kDa and 30 kDa, respectively, and these two proteins had good immuno-reactivity with ASFV positive serum. Recombinant p30 and p35 proteins were used as diagnostic antigens to establish ELISA, and the sensitivity and repeatability of these methods were tested. The results show that although the detection sensitivity of the p30-ELISA established in this study was higher than that of the p35-ELISA, the sensitivity of p35-ELISA was 95.8%, and variations in intra- and inter-assay repeatability of the two methods were less than 10%. The coincidence rate between the p35-ELISA and the imported kit was 97.2%. Results show that p35-ELISA was sensitive and stable, and could detect specific antibodies against ASFV.


Subject(s)
Animals , African Swine Fever/diagnosis , African Swine Fever Virus/genetics , Antibodies, Viral , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Recombinant Proteins/genetics , Swine
20.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 498-501, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907569

ABSTRACT

In recent years, immunotherapy has been used more frequently for metastatic gastric cancer that has progressed after chemotherapy, the most commonly used of which are immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). However, the efficacy of ICIs varies greatly among different patients. Therefore, more and more studies have been carried out on biomarkers that predict the efficacy of ICIs. Microsatellite instability and Epstein-Barr virus subtype are relatively accurate biomarkers indicating the response rate of ICIs treatment. The predictive roles of programmed death ligand-1 and tumor mutation burden are still controversial. Tumor infiltrating lymphocyte, tumor-associated macrophages, fibrinogen-like-protein 1, alternative promoters and other predictors are also being studied.

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