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1.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 87-91, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015251

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the spatial course of distal tubule and afferent arterioles after macula densa, and to locate and detect the proteins in the adjacent parts by using three-dimensional visualization technology of microstructure. Methods C57 BL/6J mice were fixed by perfusion and embedded in epon 812. Tissue blocks were cut perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the kidney. And a total of 720, 2. 5 μm-thick consecutive sections were obtained from the renal capsule to the outer stripe of the renal outer medulla. After aligning the digital microscopic images through computer registration procedures, the tubules and vessels were traced by 3D reconstruction program edited by C Language. Selecting the tissue sections of the contact site and applying the improved immunoperoxidase staining method to detect H

2.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 593-598, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015185

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To investigate the branching pattern of the ureteric bud and the number of the nephron induced by each ureteric bud tip, through the three-dimensional tracing of the ureteric tree, combined with the morphological analysis and measurement of the ureteric tree. Methods The kidneys were obtained from three mice at various developing time points and prepared for paraffin and epoxy sections. Then the microscopic images were digitized and aligned from these sections. Based on the computer-assisted tracing and visualization of ureteric tree, the number of branches and the nephron induced by each ureteric bud tip were obtained by counting. In addition, paraffin sections were stained with HE staining for morphological observation of nephrogenic zone and ureteric bud, while in order to reflect the density of the ureteric bud tips at nephrogenic zone, the distance between two neighboring ureteric bud tips was measured aided with the Claudin-7 immunohistochemical staining. Results The ureteric bud branching tree revealed that the initial bifid iterative branching formed the framework of renal medulla, the branching became complicated and dense in cortex and nephrogenic zone, while the distance between ureteric bud tips were also decreasing. The number of the nephron induced by each ureteric bud tip increased from one (E14. 5) to two (E17. 5), and occasionally to three. Conclusion Threedimeasional Visualization of ureteric bud branching tree reveals regional complication, suggesting molecules in different regions drive different branching patterns; While the density of the ureteric bud tips at nephrogenic zone increases corresponding to decreasing of thickness of the nephrogenic zone, and the disappearance of the ureteric bud tips after birth is also consistent with the gradual consumption of nephron progenitor cells.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 946-952, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013936

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of cuminaldehyde in cumin fruit on gastric ulcer and the protective mechanism via establishing the gastric ulcer model of rats was by ethanol injury. Methods Thirty-six male R. norregicus were divided into six groups: control group, model group, omeprazole positive control group and cuminaldehyde low, medium and high dosage groups. After seven days of continuous intragastric administration, the acute gastric ulcer of R. norregicus was tested by absolute alcohol. Gastric ulcer area, inhibition rate, gastric tissue antioxidant activity, serum inflammatory factors and gastric mucosal protective factors were detected in different groups. Results The results showed that cuminaldehyde significantly reduced the area of gastric ulcer and increased the inhibition rate of gastric ulcer. The inhibition rate of cuminaldehyde at high dose group was up to 74.65%, the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH) in gastric tissue significantly increased, and the contents of serum prolandin E

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 497-502, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013839

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the regulation and mechanism of phloroglucinol in bladder smooth muscle spasm. Methods In vitro the experiment used bladder muscle strip to verify the relieving effect of phloro-glucinol on bladder spasm by different drugs. At the same time,RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of genes involved in the calcium signaling pathway caused by the antispasmodic effect of phloroglucinol. Results Phloroglucinol could relieve bladder spasm, and the antispasmodic effect was enhanced with the increase of concentration, and the expression of calponin 1 and MYLK3 in tissue cells increased. The results of RT-qPCR showed that the expression of Gprc5b G,Ppp2r5a, Chptl, Prkar2b ,Abcd2 and Rasdl genes in mouse bladder tissue significantly decreased, which was consistent with the sequencing results of RNA-seq.Conclusions Phloroglucinol can relieve bladder smooth muscle spasm, and its mechanism is related to calcium signaling pathway. Meanwhile, phloroglucinol also inhibits the expression of Rasdl gene, suggesting that it may be related to cell cycle , protein phosphorylation, choline metabolism, ATP synthesis and tumor-related pathways.

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 532-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013826

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of terpinen-4-ol (T40) on inflammatory injury of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) induced by high glucose based on the improvement of autophagic flow disorder and involved molecular signals. Methods The scratch test was used to analyze the migration ability of VSMCs, the levels of IL-1β and IL-6 in cell culture supernatant were measured by ELISA, the expression levels of inflammation-related proteins NF-κb p65, p-NF-κb p65, IL-1β, IL-18 and autophagy-related proteins p62, LC3-HYLC3-I, Beclinl, p-Beclinl were de-tected by Western blot. Results T40 inhibited migration of VSMCs induced by high glucose, reduced the secretion and release of pro-inflammatory factors IL-1β and IL-6, inhibited the expression of p-NF-κb p65/ NF-κb p65, IL-1β, IL-18, downregulated the expression of p62, LC3-TJ/LC3- I and p-Beclinl at same time. After interfering the autophagic flux of VSMCs with autophagy inhibitor chloroquine (CQ) , T40 pre-treatment significantly inhibited the protein expression levels of the above inflammatory factors and autophagy-related signals which mediated by CQ. Conclusion T40 inhibits the inflammatory injury of VSMCs induced by high glucose through improving the autophagic flow disorder.

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 774-781, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013819

ABSTRACT

Aim To express and purify rhα-Gal A with a 6 X His tag via using a serum-free expression system in high-density suspension culture of Chinese hamster ovary cells ( CHO-S) , and to verify the scavenging effect of rhα-Gal A on globular trisaccharide ceramide (Gb3 or GL3) . Methods The construction of recombinant protein expression vector, pcDNA4-GLA, was achieved by fusing the human α-galactosidase cDNA, gla, with 6 X His tag and artificial DNA synthesis. The expression plasmid was transfected into the suspended CHO-S to express rhα-Gal A and then purified. Following this procedure, we determined rhα-Gal A's expression, the enzymatic activity, and the glycosylation of the recombinant enzyme. Co-incubation with cultured cells was performed to examine whether rhα-Gal A could be taken up into the cells and effectively remove Gb3 substrates. Results rhα-Gal A was successfully expressed and purified after transiently transfecting pcDNA4-GLA into the suspended CHO-S, and the yield was up to (100 ±20. 6) mg • L

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2338-2345, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013680

ABSTRACT

Aim To observe the effect of corticotropin-releasing factor ( CRF) -expressing neurons on presympathetic neurons in hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus ( PVN) of normotensive Wistar Kyoto ( WKY) rats or spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) , and to elucidate the underlying neuronal circuit mechanism of central sympathetic hyperexcitability. Methods The expression levels of CRF protein in WKY rats and SHR PVN were determined by Western blot. Meanwhile, the WKY and SHR PVN CRF-expressing neurons and presympathetic neurons were observed by immunofluo-rescent staining. Adult WKY rats and SHR were used in this study. By microinjection of Cre-dependent ade-no-associated viruses ( AAV) that specifically recognized the CRF promoter and AAV of chemogenetics into the PVN, CRF-expressing neurons expressed designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADDs). Human M3 muscarinic DREADD coupled to Gq receptor ( hM3 Dq) was specifically expressed in PVN CRF-expressing neurons in WKY rats, while human M4 muscarinic DREADD coupled to Gi receptor ( hM4Di) was specifically expressed in PVN CRF-expressing neurons in SHR. Clozapine-N-oxide (CNO) , as a designer ligand, would couple to excitatory hM3Dq or inhibitory hM4Di to regulate the excitability of PVN CRF-expressing neurons. Then the PVN presympathetic neurons were retrogradely labeled by microinjection of fluosecent tracer into the intermedio-lateral column (IML) of spinal cord. Lastly, whole cell patch clamp was used to determine the effect of CNO (10 jjumol L~ ) on spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents ( sEPSCs) and current-evoked firing of PVN presympathtic neurons of WKY rats and SHR. Results The expression of CRF protein in the PVN of SHR was significantly higher than that of WKY rats, and the activity and number of CRF-expressing neurons in the PVN of SHR were increased. PVN CRF-expressing neurons were expressed with chemogenetic DREADDs and PVN presympathetic neurons were retrogradely labeled with fluorescent tracer in WKY rats and SHR. In SHR expressed with chemogenetic inhibitory hM4Di-mCherry of PVN CRF-expressing neurons, bath application of CNO to the brain slices resulted in a significant decrease in sEPSCs frequency, but no change in their amplitude of labeled PVN presympathetic neurons. In contrast, in WKY rats expressed with excitatory hM3Dq-eGFP of PVN CRF-expressing neurons, CNO had no obvious effect on the sEPSCs frequency and amplitude in PVN presympathetic neurons. Furthermore, bath application of CNO had no significant effect on current-evoked firing of PVN presympathetic neurons of either WKY rats with hM3Dq-eGFP expression in CRF neurons or SHR with hM4Di-mCherry expression in CRF neurons. Conclusions The activity and number of PVN CRF-expressing neurons are increased in SHR, and CRF-expressing neurons enhance the excitability of presympathetic neurons, which acts as a regulatory neuronal microcircuit between CRF neurons and presympathetic neurons in the PVN.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2476-2482, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999121

ABSTRACT

Polysaccharides and free monosaccharides are important active components in Cistanches Herba, which have functions of anti-aging and immunological activity regulation. The study of monosaccharide composition in polysaccharide and free monosaccharide can lay a foundation for the study of primary structure, spatial structure of Cistanche polysaccharide and biological activity of Cistanches Herba. In this study, a method of water extraction and alcohol precipitation was used to extract Cistanche polysaccharide. Trifluoroacetic acid was selected as the hydrolytic acid for polysaccharide hydrolysis. An orthogonal experimental method is established. Three levels of acid concentration, hydrolysis temperature and hydrolysis time were selected to investigate the optimal hydrolysis condition. The optimal hydrolysis condition was 0.08 mol·L-1 trifluoroacetic acid hydrolysis at 100 ℃ for 3 h. The free monosaccharides of Cistanches Herba were extracted by water extraction. The established ion chromatogram integrated pulsed amperometry method can efficiently separate 11 monosaccharides in a short time. The method has good repeatability and high sensitivity, methodological experiment results meet the requirements of quantitative determination. It can accurately determine the monosaccharide composition of Cistanche polysaccharide and free monosaccharide content. Ion chromatography does not require derivatization operation and the pre-treatment steps are simple. This method can measure fructose, but PMP derivation-HPLC method can't. The monosaccharide composition of Cistanche polysaccharide include fucose, arabinose, rhamnose-galactose, glucose, xylose, mannose, fructose, ribose and glucuronic acid, among which the contents of glucose and fructose are relatively high. The free monosaccharides in the water extract of Cistanches Herba include glucose, fructose and mannose.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2461-2467, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999102

ABSTRACT

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was applied to determine the concentrations of lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As) in Lindera aggregata (Sims) Kosterm. The physiologically based extraction test (PBET) digestion in vitro/Caco-2 cell model was established to investigate the bioaccessible contents of Pb, Cd and As in decoction of Lindera aggregata (Sims) Kosterm. The target-organ toxicity dose modification of HI method (TTD) was used to evaluate the cumulative risk caused by the combined exposure of the total levels of Pb, Cd and As in Lindera aggregata (Sims) Kosterm. and the bioaccessible contents in the decoction. The results showed that the total contents of Pb, Cd and As in 4 batches of samples were in the range of 2.901-3.872, 1.299-1.800 and 0.062-0.216 mg·kg-1, respectively. After transportation by Cacco-2 cells, the bioaccessible contents of Pb, Cd, and As in the decoction were in the range of 0.045-0.080, 0.070-0.112 and 0.004-0.018 mg·kg-1. The results of risk assessment showed that calculated by the total amounts of heavy metals in the Lindera aggregata (Sims) Kosterm., for the end points of nervous system, the cumulative risks of co-exposure of heavy metals in 3 batches of samples were of concern. After decoction and transportation by Caco-2 cells, for the end points of cardiovascular system, blood, nervous system, kidney and testis, the TTD modification of HI values of all batches of samples were less than 1, and the health risks were acceptable. The study provided methodology basis for a more objective assessment of the health risks of heavy metals and harmful elements in traditional Chinese medicine and for a more scientific limit standard of heavy metals and harmful elements.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3024-3031, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999052

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the role and mechanism of terpinen-4-ol (T4O) on high glucose (HG) -induced calcification in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC). To investigate the role of T4O on HG-induced calcium deposition, osteogenic phenotypic transformation and mitochondrial dynamics in VSMC, Mdivi-1, a mitochondrial dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp-1) inhibitor, was used to analyze the correlation between mitochondrial dynamics and VSMC calcification and the role of T4O. Alizarin red S staining was used to observe calcium salt deposition and flow cytometry to detect intracellular Ca2+ content; Western blot and immunofluorescence were used to detect the expression of phenotypic switching-related markers α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) and Runt related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), and mitochondrial dynamics-related markers mitofusin 1 (MFN1), mitofusin 2 (MFN2) and Drp-1. The results showed that low and high doses of T4O could inhibit HG-induced down-regulation of α-SMA, MFN1 and MFN2 expression levels, and up-regulation of BMP2, Runx2 and Drp-1 expression levels, reduce intracellular Ca2+ content and calcium salt deposition, and effectively inhibit HG-induced VSMC calcification and mitochondrial dynamics disorders. The T4O group, Mdivi-1 group and T4O+Mdivi-1 group were able to up-regulate the expression levels of HG-induced α-SMA, MFN1 and MFN2, down-regulate the protein expression levels of BMP2, Runx2 and Drp-1, and inhibit calcium salt deposition, and there was no significant difference between the above indexes in the T4O and T4O+Mdivi-1 groups. The above findings suggest that T4O can inhibit the expression level of Drp-1, regulate the disturbance of mitochondrial dynamics, and suppress HG-induced VSMC calcification.

11.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 352-355, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991752

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of a deep deltoid ligament injury on postoperative ankle function and pain in patients with pronation-external rotation ankle fractures.Methods:Thirty patients with pronation-external rotation ankle fractures without deep deltoid ligament injury admitted to Weihai Municipal Hospital from March 2019 to March 2020 were included in the control group. Thirty patients with pronation-external rotation ankle fractures with deep deltoid ligament injury admitted to the same hospital from April 2020 to June 2021 were included in the observation group. Both groups received reduction and internal fixation of pronation-external rotation ankle fractures. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society score, pain, and quality of life were compared between the two groups.Results:At 1 and 3 months after surgery, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society scores in the observation group were (69.87 ± 2.89) points and (75.66 ± 4.27) points, which were significantly lower than (81.45 ± 4.78) points, and (93.62 ± 3.54) points in the control group ( t = 11.35, 17.37, both P < 0.01). At 1 and 3 months after surgery, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores in the observation group were (7.16 ± 1.15) points and (5.84 ± 0.52) points, respectively, which were significantly higher than (6.42 ± 0.54) points and (4.28 ± 0.16) points in the control group ( t = 3.19, 15.70, both P < 0.05). At 3 months after surgery, the scores of physical health, mental health, social relationship, and surrounding environment in the observation group were (19.18 ± 1.96) points, (18.67 ± 1.82) points, (17.42 ± 2.54) points, (19.65 ± 2.43) points, respectively, which were significantly lower than (21.65 ± 3.58) points, (23.57 ± 3.56) points, (20.09 ± 3.95) points, (22.38 ± 3.67) points in the control group ( t = 3.31, 6.71, 3.11, 3.39, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Deep deltoid ligament injury affects the recovery of pronation-external rotation ankle fracture and affects the quality of life. Therefore, it is necessary to repair deep deltoid ligament injury in time in patients with pronation-external rotation ankle fractures.

12.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 107-111, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989530

ABSTRACT

As a non-invasive image analysis method, radiomics can deeply explore the clinical information hidden behind medical images, and has been widely used in medicine in recent years. Consolidation immunotherapy after concurrent chemoradiotherapy has become the standard treatment for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer. The prediction and identification of treatment-associated adverse events radiation pneumonitis (RP) and immune checkpoint inhibitor-related pneumonitis (CIP) are of vital importance for the formulation of treatment plan and the selection of subsequent treatment. CT-based radiomics analysis shows great potential in predicting and identifying RP and CIP.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 56-64, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970952

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of chitinase-3-like protein 1 (CHI3L1) and Golgi protein 73 (GP73) in the diagnosis of cirrhosis and the dynamic changes of CHI3L1 and GP73 after HCV clearance in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) treated with direct-acting antiviral drugs (DAAs). The comparison of continuous variables of normal distribution were statistically analyzed by ANOVA and t-test. The comparison of continuous variables of non-normal distribution were statistically analyzed by rank sum test. The categorical variables were statistically analyzed by Fisher's exact test and χ(2) test. Correlation analysis was performed using Spearman correlation analysis. Methods: Data of 105 patients with CHC diagnosed from January 2017 to December 2019 were collected. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was plotted to study the efficacy of serum CHI3L1 and GP73 for the diagnosis of cirrhosis. Friedman test was used to compare CHI3L1 and GP73 change characteristics. Results: The areas under the ROC curve for CHI3L1 and GP73 in the diagnosis of cirrhosis at baseline were 0.939 and 0.839, respectively. Serum levels of CHI3L1 and GP73 in the DAAs group decreased significantly at the end of treatment compared with baseline [123.79 (60.25, 178.80) ng/ml vs. 118.20 (47.68, 151.36) ng/ml, P = 0.001; 105.73 (85.05, 130.69) ng/ml vs. 95.52 (69.52, 118.97) ng/ml, P = 0.001]. Serum CHI3L1 and GP73 in the pegylated interferon combined with ribavirin (PR) group were significantly lower at the end of 24 weeks of treatment than the baseline [89.15 (39.15, 149.74) ng/ml vs. 69.98 (20.52, 71.96) ng/ml, P < 0.05; 85.07 (60.07, 121) ng/ml vs. 54.17 (29.17, 78.65) ng/ml, P < 0.05]. Conclusion: CHI3L1 and GP73 are sensitive serological markers that can be used to monitor the fibrosis prognosis in CHC patients during treatment and after obtaining a sustained virological response. Serum CHI3L1 and GP73 levels in the DAAs group decreased earlier than those in the PR group, and the serum CHI3L1 levels in the untreated group increased compared with the baseline at about two years of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnosis , Fibrosis , Biomarkers
14.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 665-672, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982303

ABSTRACT

With the proliferation of synthetic drugs, research on the mechanism of action of addictive drugs and treatment methods is of great significance. Among them, methamphetamine (METH) is the most representative amphetamine synthetic drug, and the treatment of METH addiction has become an urgent medical and social problem. In recent years, the therapeutic effects of Chinese herbal medicines on METH addiction have gained widespread attention because of their non-addictiveness, multiple targets, low side effects, low cost, and other characteristics. Previous studies have identified a variety of Chinese herbal medicines with effects on METH addiction. Based on the research on METH in recent years, this article summarizes the mechanism of action of METH as the starting point and briefly reviews the Chinese herbal medicine-based treatment of METH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Methamphetamine/adverse effects , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Amphetamine/therapeutic use , Behavior, Addictive/drug therapy , Amphetamine-Related Disorders/drug therapy
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 344-351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982065

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of abnormal miRNA expression on the proliferation of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells and its related mechanism.@*METHODS@#15 children with ALL and 15 healthy subjects were collected from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University from July 2018 to March 2021. MiRNA sequencing was performed on their bone marrow cells, and validated using qRT-PCR. MiR-1294 and miR-1294-inhibitory molecule (miR-1294-inhibitor) were transfected into Nalm-6 cells, and the proliferation of Nalm-6 cells was detected by CCK-8 and colony formation assays. Western blot and ELISA were used to detect apoptosis of Nalm-6 cells. Biological prediction of miR-1294 was performed to find the target gene, which was verified by luciferase reporter assay. Si-SOX15 was transfected into Nalm-6 cells, Western blot was used to detect the expression of Wnt signaling pathway-related proteins and to verify the effect of si-SOX15 on the proliferation and apoptosis of Nalm-6 cells.@*RESULTS@#Compared with healthy subjects, 22 miRNAs were significantly upregulated in bone marrow cells of ALL patients, of which miR-1294 was the most significantly upregulated. In addition, the expression level of SOX15 gene was significantly reduced in bone marrow cells of ALL patients. Compared with the NC group, the miR-1294 group showed increased protein expression levels of Wnt3a and β-catenin, faster cell proliferation, and more colony-forming units, while caspase-3 protein expression level and cell apoptosis were reduced. Compared with the NC group, the miR-1294-inhibitor group showed reduced protein expression levels of Wnt3a and β-catenin, slower cell proliferation, and fewer colony-forming units, while caspase-3 protein expression level was increased and apoptosis rate was elevated. miR-1294 had a complementary base-pair with the 3'UTR region of SOX15 , and miR-1294 directly targeted SOX15 . The expression of miR-1294 was negatively correlated with SOX15 in ALL cells. Compared with the si-NC group, the si-SOX15 group showed increased protein expression levels of Wnt3a and β-catenin, accelerated cell proliferation, and decreased caspase-3 protein expression level and cell apoptosis rate.@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-1294 can target and inhibit SOX15 expression, thus activating the Wnt/β-Catenin signaling pathway to promote the proliferation of ALL cells, inhibit cell apoptosis, and ultimately affect the disease progression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , beta Catenin/genetics , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Caspase 3/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , MicroRNAs/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Apoptosis , SOX Transcription Factors/metabolism
16.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 254-261, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981858

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish an analytical method for half sibling testing involving common three relatives' participation.@*METHODS@#Based on the half sibling testing scenarios with the known biological mother, grandfather or uncle, and two unidentified controversial half siblings participating, two opposing hypotheses were set. Lineage reconstruction according to Mendel's law of heredity was carried out, and the calculation formula of the half sibling kinship index was derived. Verification of actual cases was carried out and the results were compared with duo half sibling testing.@*RESULTS@#In the scenarios of the known biological mother, grandfather and uncle participating in half sibling testing, the kinship calculation formulae of 54, 91 and 99 genotype combinations for kinship index calculation were deduced respectively. The actual cases showed higher kinship indexes in trio half sibling testing compared with duo half sibling testing.@*CONCLUSIONS@#It is beneficial to obtain more genetic information for family reconstruction and improvement of the strength of genetic evidence for half sibling testing by adding known relatives.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Siblings , Genotype , Mothers , Microsatellite Repeats
17.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 247-253, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981857

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the detection efficiency of trio full sibling with another known full sibling reference added under different number of autosomal STR typing systems.@*METHODS@#Based on 43 detection systems consisting of 13 to 55 representative autosomal STR loci, 10 000 true families (full sibling group) and 10 000 false families (unrelated individual group) were randomly simulated. The full sibling index (FSI) was calculated based on the method of family reconstruction. The cumulative sibling relationship index (CFSI) of 0.000 1 and 10 000 were used as the evaluation thresholds, and the detection efficiency parameters were calculated and compared with the identification of the duo full sibling testing.@*RESULTS@#With the increasing number of STR loci, the error rate and inability of judgement rate gradually decreased; the sensitivity, specificity, correct rate of judgment and other parameters gradually increased, and the system efficiency gradually improved. Under the same detection system, trio full sibling testing showed higher sensitivity, specificity, system efficiency and lower inability of judgement rate compared with duo full sibling testing. When the system efficiency was higher than 0.85 and inability of judgement rate was less than 0.01%, at least 20 STRs should be detected for trio full sibling testing, which was less than 29 STRs required by duo full sibling testing.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The detection efficiency of trio full sibling testing is superior to that of duo full sibling testing with the same detection system, which is an effective identification scheme for laboratories with inadequate detection systems or for materials with limited conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Siblings , Microsatellite Repeats/genetics , DNA Fingerprinting , Gene Frequency
18.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 240-246, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981856

ABSTRACT

Tri-allelic pattern in autosomal STR is a common abnormal typing phenomenon in forensic DNA analysis, which brings difficulties and uncertainties to the evaluation of the evidence weight in actual cases. This paper reviews the types, formation mechanism, occurrence frequency, genetic pattern and quantitative evaluation of evidence of the tri-allelic pattern in autosomal STR in forensic DNA analysis. This paper mainly explains the formation mechanism and genetic patterns based on different types of tri-allelic pattern. This paper also discusses the determination of tri-allelic pattern and the quantitative method of evidence evaluation in paternity testing and individual identification. This paper aims to provide references for scientific and standardized analysis of this abnormal typing phenomenon in forensic DNA analysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , DNA/genetics , Forensic Medicine , Gene Frequency , Microsatellite Repeats
19.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 231-239, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981855

ABSTRACT

Kinship testing is widely needed in forensic science practice. This paper reviews the definitions of common concepts, and summarizes the basic principles, advantages and disadvantages, and application scope of kinship analysis methods, including identity by state (IBS) method, likelihood ratio (LR) method, method of moment (MoM), and identity by descent (IBD) segment method. This paper also discusses the research hotspots of challenging kinship testing, complex kinship testing, forensic genetic genealogy analysis, and non-human biological samples.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA Fingerprinting , Forensic Genetics/methods , Forensic Sciences , Pedigree
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 348-351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981695

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore risk factors for infections after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair, and improve the under standing for reducing infection.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 2 591 patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair from January 2019 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, including 1 265 males and 1 326 females, aged from 25 to 82 years old with an average age of (51.5±15.6) years old. They were divided into infection group(n=18) and uninfected group(n=2 573) according to whether or not patients had postoperative infection. Gender, age, smoking, diabetes, body mass index, local closure within 1 month before operation, operation time, preventive use of antibiotics, and internal fixation implantation between two groups were recorded. Univariate Logistic regression analysis screened factors associated with infections after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Theresultswere entered into the multivariate logistic regression analysis, screening the high risk factors for infections after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.@*RESULTS@#In 2 591 patients, 18 patients were infected after operation, infection rate was 0.69%. Univariate Logistic regression analysis showed that gender, age, operation time, antibiotic prophylaxis, internal fixation implantation were risk factors for infections after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed male(OR=14.227), age≥65 years(OR=34.313), operation time≥2 h (OR=15.616), without antibiotic prophylaxis(OR=4.891), and internal fixation implantation(OR=5.103) were major risk factors for infection after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Male, age≥65 years, operation time≥2 h, without antibiotic prophylaxis and internal fixation implantation were independent risk factors for infection after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Early diagnosis and timely treatment should be carried out to reduce the incidence of infection.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Arthroscopy/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
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