Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.095
Filter
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3481-3492, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922809

ABSTRACT

@#Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths, characterized by highly hypoxic tumor microenvironment. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is a major regulator involved in cellular response to changes of oxygen levels, supporting the adaptation of tumor cells to hypoxia. Bruceine D (BD) is an isolated natural quassinoid with multiple anti-cancer effects. Here, we identified BD could significantly inhibit the HIF-1α expression and its subsequently mediated HCC cell metabolism. Using biophysical proteomics approaches, we identified inhibitor of β-catenin and T-cell factor (ICAT) as the functional target of BD. By targeting ICAT, BD disrupted the interaction of β-catenin and ICAT, and promoted β-catenin degradation, which in turn induced the decrease of HIF-1α expression. Furthermore, BD could inhibit HCC cells proliferation and tumor growth in vivo, and knockdown of ICAT substantially increased resistance to BD treatment in vitro. Our data highlight the potential of BD as a modulator of β-catenin/HIF-1α axis mediated HCC metabolism.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3120-3133, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922784

ABSTRACT

ERK pathway regulated the programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression which was linked to the response of programmed death-1 (PD-1)/PD-L1 blockade therapy. So it is deducible that ERK inhibitor could enhance the efficacy of PD-1 inhibitor in cancer immunotherapy. In this study, PD0325901, an oral potent ERK inhibitor, strongly enhanced the efficacy of PD-1 antibody

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879393

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical application of 1.5 T MRI in acute rotator interval injury.@*METHODS@#Totally 160 patients with acute rotator cuff tear by clinical diagnosis were retrospectively analyzed by MRI examination and arthroscopy from March 2016 to February 2019, including 122 males and 38 females, aged from 22 to 71 years old with an average of (42.35±3.48) years old. Based on the results of arthroscopy as the gold standard, the shape and signal changes of rotator cuff, rotator interval, peripheral bursa, bone and soft tissue were observed by MRI on axial, oblique coronal and oblique sagittal imagese.@*RESULTS@#The direct MRI signs of acute rotator interval injury displayed thickening, diminution, distortion, interruption of the coracohumeral ligament and superior glenohumeral ligament complex with highsignal intensity on fat-suppression by proton weighted sequence. The indirect MRI signs displayed rotator cuff, peripheral bone and soft tissue injury. The consistency of the results between the two methods was quite satisfactory (Kappa=0.85), and the concordance rate of the two methods has statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#MRI could clearly display acute rotator interval, and could accurately diagnose acute rotator interval injury, which provide more accurate imaging basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff/diagnostic imaging , Rotator Cuff Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Young Adult
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879384

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze effect of accordion technique on bone mineralization of extended bone segment in treating tibial bone defect with bone transport.@*METHODS@#From May 2017 to October 2019, 22 patients with tibial bone defects were treated with Ilizarov bone-transport technique, and divided into two groups after bone-transport was completed, 11 patients in each group. In observation group, there were 9 males and 2 females aged from 20 to 60 years old with an average of (42.6± 13.3) years old;the length of bone defect ranged from 3 to 13 cm with an average of(6.4±2.6) cm;2 patients were suffered from upper tibial bone defects, 3 patients were middle and 6 patients were lower;patients were treated with accordion technique for 35 days. In control group, there were 10 males and 1 female aged from 41 to 60 years old with an average of (51.6±6.4) years old;the length of bone defect ranged from 3 to 10.7 cm with an average of (6.6±2.5) cm;1 patient was suffered from upper tibial bone defects, 3 patients were middle and 7 patients were lower;patients were treated with lock external fixator to waiting bone mineralization. The content of hydroxyapatite (HAP) extended bone segment was measured after bone-transport completed immediately, 35, 65 and 95 days after bone-transport was completed, respectively, then the mineralization time and healing time were compared between two groups, and the therapeutic effect of bone defect was evaluated by using Paley scoring criteria.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-two patients were followed up from 18 to 36 months with an average of (27.0±6.3) months. The wounds on the bone defects healed spontaneously during bone transport, and there were no wound complications such as skin infection or skin necrosis occurred. There were statisticaldifference in the content of HAP of the extended bone segments at 35, 65 and 95 days after bone-transport between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Accordion technique and locking external fixator mineralization in prolonging bone segment healing after bone-transport have the equal clinical effect, while the accordion technique could significantly accelerate the growth rate of HAP and shorten the mineralization time and healing time.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Calcification, Physiologic , External Fixators , Female , Humans , Ilizarov Technique , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Tibia/surgery , Tibial Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879305

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to determine the association of hyperlipidemia with clinical endpoints among hospitalized patients with COVID-19, especially those with pre-existing cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and diabetes. Methods This multicenter retrospective cohort study included all patients who were hospitalized due to COVID-19 from 21 hospitals in Hubei province, China between December 31, 2019 and April 21, 2020. Patients who were aged < 18 or ≥ 85 years old, in pregnancy, with acute lethal organ injury (e.g., acute myocardial infarction, severe acute pancreatitis, acute stroke), hypothyroidism, malignant diseases, severe malnutrition, and those with normal lipid profile under lipid-lowering medicines (e.g., statin, niacin, fenofibrate, gemfibrozil, and ezetimibe) were excluded. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis at 1:1 ratio was performed to minimize baseline differences between patient groups of hyperlipidemia and non-hyperlipidemia. PSM analyses with the same strategies were further conducted for the parameters of hyperlipidemia in patients with increased triglyceride (TG), increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Mixed-effect Cox model analysis was performed to investigate the associations of the 28-days all-cause deaths of COVID-19 patients with hyperlipidemia and the abnormalities of lipid parameters. The results were verified in male, female patients, and in patients with pre-existing CVDs and type 2 diabetes. Results Of 10 945 inpatients confirmed as COVID-19, there were 9822 inpatients included in the study, comprising 3513 (35.8%) cases without hyperlipidemia and 6309 (64.2%) cases with hyperlipidemia. Based on a mixed-effect Cox model after PSM at 1:1 ratio, hyperlipidemia was not associated with increased or decreased 28-day all-cause death [adjusted hazard ratio (


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/therapy , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Case-Control Studies , Cause of Death , China/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Hyperlipidemias/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Propensity Score , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1400-1411, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888811

ABSTRACT

A major mitochondrial enzyme for protecting cells from acetaldehyde toxicity is aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2). The correlation between ALDH2 dysfunction and tumorigenesis/growth/metastasis has been widely reported. Either low or high ALDH2 expression contributes to tumor progression and varies among different tumor types. Furthermore, the ALDH2∗2 polymorphism (rs671) is the most common single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in Asia. Epidemiological studies associate ALDH2∗2 with tumorigenesis and progression. This study summarizes the essential functions and potential ALDH2 mechanisms in the occurrence, progression, and treatment of tumors in various types of cancer. Our study indicates that ALDH2 is a potential therapeutic target for cancer therapy.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888789

ABSTRACT

Brucea javanica oil emulsion (BJOE) has been used to treat tumor in China for more than 40 years. However, its components and effectiveness in the treatment of acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and its mechanism of anti-cancer activity remain unknown. In the current study, high-performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light scattering detector (HPLC-ELSD) was used to analyze the components of BJOE. Then, the anti-leukemia effects of BJOE were examined both in vitro and in vivo using ALL Jurkat cells and the p388 mouse leukemia transplant model, respectively. The primary ALL leukemia cells were also used to confirm the anti-leukemia effects of BJOE. The apoptotic-related results indicated that BJOE induced apoptosis in Jurkat cells and were suggestive of intrinsic apoptotic induction. Moreover, BJOE inhibited Akt (protein kinase B) activation and upregulated its downstream targets p53 and FoxO1 (forkhead box gene, group O-1) to initiate apoptosis. The activation of GSK3β was also involved. Our findings demonstrate that BJOE has anti-leukemia effects on ALL cells and can induce apoptosis in Jurkat cells through the phosphoinositide3-kinase (PI3K) /Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Brucea/chemistry , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 , Humans , Jurkat Cells , Mice , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Plant Oils/pharmacology , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Seeds/chemistry , Signal Transduction
8.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 472-485, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888731

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia conditioning could increase the survival of transplanted neuronal progenitor cells (NPCs) in rats with cerebral ischemia but could also hinder neuronal differentiation partly by suppressing mitochondrial metabolism. In this work, the mitochondrial metabolism of hypoxia-conditioned NPCs (hcNPCs) was upregulated via the additional administration of resveratrol, an herbal compound, to resolve the limitation of hypoxia conditioning on neuronal differentiation. Resveratrol was first applied during the in vitro neuronal differentiation of hcNPCs and concurrently promoted the differentiation, synaptogenesis, and functional development of neurons derived from hcNPCs and restored the mitochondrial metabolism. Furthermore, this herbal compound was used as an adjuvant during hcNPC transplantation in a photothrombotic stroke rat model. Resveratrol promoted neuronal differentiation and increased the long-term survival of transplanted hcNPCs. 18-fluorine fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and rotarod test showed that resveratrol and hcNPC transplantation synergistically improved the neurological and metabolic recovery of stroke rats. In conclusion, resveratrol promoted the neuronal differentiation and therapeutic efficiency of hcNPCs in stroke rats via restoring mitochondrial metabolism. This work suggested a novel approach to promote the clinical translation of NPC transplantation therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Cell Differentiation , Hypoxia , Neurons , Rats , Resveratrol/pharmacology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and clinical effects of arthroscopic treatment for the calcific tendinitis at soft tissues around hip.@*METHODS@#A total of 16 patients diagnosed as the calcific tendinitis at soft tissues around hip from May 2013 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All the 16 patients received arthroscopic procedures. There were 10 males and 6 females with an average age of 35 to 63 (44.50±6.67) years old and 9 left hips, 6 right hips were involved. The course of disease were 1 to 8(3.18±1.97) days. Clinical effects were evaluated with visual analogue scale(VAS), modified Harris hip scores (HHS), nonarthritic hip score (NAHS) and imaging examinations before operation, 1 day after operation and the final follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All 16 patients successfully finished the arthroscopic procedures in 0.5 to 1.2 (0.75±0.21) hours. Primary healing of incision were obtained without any complications of infection, wound hematocele and neurovascular injury. All 16 patients received an average postoperative follow-up of 6 to 12 (9.6±2.3) months. Before operation, the VAS were 7.88±0.72, modified HHS were 29.25±3.23, NAHS were 27.42±3.08. The 1st day postoperative VAS were 2.19±0.66, modified HHS were 82.56± 5.64, NAHS were 82.11±2.94, all the difference were statistically significant between before and 1 day after operation (@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic treatment for the calcific tendinitis at soft tissues around hip is effective.It has advantages of minimal invasive, rapid pain relief, rapid hip joint function recovery and definite clinical effects.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hip/surgery , Hip Joint/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tendinopathy/surgery , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888185

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the protective effect of total triterpenoids from Chaenomeles speciosa against Helicobacter pylori(Hp)-induced gastritis in mice and explored its possible mechanism. The chronic atrophic gastritis(CAG) model mice were randomly divided into four groups of model, total triterpenoids from C. speciosa(50 and 100 mg·kg~(-1)) and triple therapy, with C57 BL/6 J mice without Hp infection taken as the normal group. Mice in the treatment groups were given corresponding drugs once a day for 4 weeks. Then the following indexes were detected: the contents of reactive oxygen species(ROS), monocyte chemotactic protein 1(MCP-1), keratinocyte chemokines(KC), TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-18, IL-4 and IL-10 in blood and gastric tissue, the activities and contents of LDH, MPO, SOD, GSH-Px, CAT and MDA in gastric tissue and the activities of β-glucuronidase, β-galactosidase, cathepsins B and D in blood, gastric tissue and lysosome. Besides, the mRNA expression levels of Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4), myeloid differentiation factor 88(MyD88), Bcl-2, Bcl-xl, Bax and Bad in gastric tissue were determined by quantitative real-time PCR. Western blot was employed to detect the protein expression levels of TLR4, MyD88, p-IKKβ, p-IκBα, NOD-like receptor 3(NLRP3), apoptosis-associated speck-like protein(ASC), pro-caspase-1, caspase-1, thioredoxin-interacting protein(TXNIP), pro-IL-1β, pro-IL-18, Bcl-2, Bcl-xl, Bax, Bad, cytochrome C, apoptotic protease-activating factor-1(Apaf-1), pro-caspase-9, pro-caspase-3, cleaved-caspase-9, cleaved-caspase-3, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1(PARP-1), cleaved-PARP-1 and cytosol and nucleus NF-κB p65 in gastric tissue. The results indicated that the total triterpenoids from C. speciosa significantly suppressed Hp proliferation, alleviated the damage to gastric mucosa and improved lymphocyte infiltration and gland atrophy. They were also effective in reducing the activities of β-glucuronidase, β-galactosidase, cathepsins B and D in blood and gastric tissue, elevating the activities of β-glucuronidase and cathepsin D in lysosomal organelles, decreasing the contents of ROS, MCP-1, KC, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-18 in blood, MDA content and MPO and LDH activities in gastric tissue and increasing the contents of IL-4 and IL-10 in blood and activities of SOD, CAT and GSH-Px in gastric tissue. Other phenomena were also observed after the treatment with total triterpenoids from C. speciosa, including the down-regulation of the mRNA and protein expression levels of TLR4, MyD88, Bax and Bad, the protein expression levels of p-IKKβ, p-IκBα, NLRP3, ASC, pro-caspase-1, caspase-1, TXNIP, pro-IL-1β, pro-IL-18, cytochrome C, Apaf-1, cleaved-caspase-9, cleaved-caspase-3, cleaved-PARP-1 and nuclear NF-κB p65, reduction of p-IKKβ/IKKβ and p-IκBα/IκBα ratios and up-regulation of the mRNA and protein expression levels of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl, up-regulation of pro-caspase-9, pro-caspace-3, cytosol NF-κB p65 protein expression levels and Bcl-2/Bax and Bcl-xl/Bad ratios in gastric tissue. These aforementioned results suggest that the total triterpenoids from C. speciosa have significant protective effects against CAG induced by Hp, and its mechanism may be related to enhancing the function of endogenous antioxidant system, suppressing the oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction induced by Hp, correcting lysosomal dysfunction and inflammatory activation of TLR4/NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway and thus inhibiting mitochondria-mediated apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Gastritis/drug therapy , Helicobacter pylori , Mice , NF-kappa B/genetics , Rosaceae , Triterpenes
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909510

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predicting effect of the disrupted functional connectivity of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) on the efficacy of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in patients with migraineurs without aura (MwoA).Methods:From January 2019 to January 2021, seventy patients with migraine and thirty-three healthy people in the same period were selected.The functional connectivity analysis based on the ACC was used in MwoA patients with NSAIDS-effective ( n=35), MwoA patients with NSAIDS-ineffective ( n=35), and healthy controls (HCs) ( n=33). The abnormal resting-state functional connectivity patterns among the three groups were analyzed to reveal potential correlations with clinical characteristics in migraine. Then the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive ability of the abnormal ACC functional connectivity on the efficacy of NSAIDs in patients with MwoA. Results:(1)Compared with the MwoA patients with NSAIDs-ineffective, the MwoA patients with NSAIDs-effective showed higher functional connectivity between bilateral ACC and left middle cingulate cortex (MCC) (MNI: x, y, z=0, -24, 48, cluster=14, t=3.380) and postcentral gyrus (PoCG)( MNI: x, y, z=-21, -45, 69, cluster=12, t=3.016) (all P<0.005, Bonferroni correction). Compared with the HCs, patients with MwoA showed increased functional connectivity between left ACC and ipsilateral inferior parietal lobule, middle frontal gyrus (MFG) and angular gyrus (AG), and between right ACC and right precuneus, bilateral MFG and left AG (all P<0.005, Bonferroni correction). (2)There was a positive correlation between the functional connectivity of right ACC to right precuneus and MIDAS scores ( r=0.375, P=0.035) in MwoA patients with NSAIDs-effective. In MwoA patients with NSAIDs-ineffective, there were also significant correlations between the functional connectivity of left ACC to ipsilateral AG and MFG and headache onset duration ( r=0.357, P=0.045) and disease duration ( r=-0.367, P=0.039). (3)ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) for the functional connectivity between the right ACC and left MCC and between the left ACC and left PoCG to predict the efficacy of NSAIDs were 0.728 and 0.736, respectively. Conclusions:Resting-state functional connectivity of the ACC is involved in the evaluation and prediction for analgesic efficacy of NSAIDs in migraine patients, which provides neuroimaging evidence for further investigations on the neurophysiological mechanism of migraine and assistance in clinical individualized precise treatment.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908812

ABSTRACT

The construction of "Double First-class" has started a new journey of higher education in China. Scientific, reasonable and objective evaluation on universities is the foundation and important guarantee for the construction of first-class universities. On the basis of introducing the main university evaluation system at home and abroad, the selection of representative Chinese and world university evaluation system for comparative study has strong guiding significance for the establishment of first-class university evaluation system. Under the background of "Double First-Class" construction, based on Chinese characteristics, the author puts forward some thoughts and suggestions on perfecting the university evaluation system in China.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908604

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the function of Schlemm canal and the efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).Methods:An observational case series study was conducted.Seventeen POAG patients (25 eyes), including 12 males (18 eyes) and 5 females (7 eyes), were enrolled in Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from March to December, 2017.The three-mirror contact lens was adopted to observe the presence of blood reflux in Schlemm canal before aerobic exercise, and positive referred to that blood reflux was observed in any region of Schlemm canal, and negative was defined as that no blood reflux was observed in Schlemm canal.The intraocular pressure (IOP) and blood pressure of subjects were measured before and after exercise test by the non-contact tonometer and automatic blood pressure monitor respectively.Positive referred to the IOP reduction ≥4.6 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) and negative was defined as the IOP reduction <4.6 mmHg.Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to observe whether Schlemm canal was dilated or not and the dilated area before and after exercise test.Positive referred to the opening clock position of Schlemm canal was larger and/or the Schlemm canal was dilated at one or more clock position.The subjects presenting positive in above three indicators were classified as the positive Schlemm canal function group (8 eyes). The subjects presenting positive in above one or two indicators were classified as the mixed Schlemm canal function group (11 eyes). The subjects presenting negative in above three indicators were classified as the negative Schlemm canal function group (6 eyes). All subjects received SLT treatment.The IOP was examined at postoperative 1 week, 2 weeks and 1 month.The IOP, IOP reduction and rate of IOP reduction were compared among the three groups at various time points.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology (No.TJ-IRB20160306). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject.Results:The preoperative IOP and postoperative 1-week, 2-week and 1-month IOP were (20.33±9.22), (17.10±2.98), (19.00±3.94) and (19.33±4.32) mmHg of negative Schlemm canal function group, (25.75±9.03), (20.00±7.60), (19.18±4.46) and (18.00±3.63) mmHg of mixed Schlemm canal function group and (22.28±4.78), (18.75±8.53), (15.50±4.98) and (14.38±3.24) mmHg of positive Schlemm canal function group, respectively.There was no statistical significance in the IOP value among the three groups ( Fgroup=1.028, P=0.374). The difference in IOP before and after surgery was statistically significant ( Ftime=6.751, P=0.002). Compared with preoperative IOP, the postoperative 1-week IOP of the negative Schlemm canal function group, the postoperative 1-week, 2-week and 1-month IOP of the mixed Schlemm canal function group, and the postoperative 2-week and 1-month IOP of positive Schlemm canal function group were significantly decreased (all at P<0.05). There was no significant difference in IOP reduction or the rate of IOP reduction among the three groups after operation ( Fgroup=0.952, P=0.401; Ftime=0.828, P=0.402; Fgroup=1.840, P=0.182; Ftime=0.419, P=0.660). Conclusions:POAG patients with better function of Schlemm canal have a better IOP-lowering efficacy after SLT treatment.Blood reflux in Schlemm canal before exercise, reduced IOP and dilated Schlemm canal after exercise can be considered as indicators to evaluate Schlemm canal function.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908010

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the tendency of bacterial distribution and drug resistance of clinically isolated pathogens in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), which provided references for the reasonable application of antibiotics.Methods:The distribution characteristics of all clinical isolates from PICU of Children′s Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University from January 2010 to December 2018 and their trend of drug resistance were retrospectively analyzed.Results:A total of 2 749 strains of bacteria were isolated, including 1 912 strains (69.6%) Gram-negative bacteria and 837 strains (30.4%) Gram-positive bacteria.The top 6 detected bacteria were Acinetobacter baumannii (749 stains, 27.2%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (289 stains, 10.5%), Staphylococcus aureus (214 stains, 7.8%), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (207 stains, 7.5%), Escherichia coli (204 stains, 7.4%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (189 stains, 6.9%). Among them, the detective rate of Maltophilia Stenotrophomonasannually increased from 6 strains (2.8%) in 2010 to 39 strains (9.5%) in 2018.The resistance rates of Acinetobacter baumannii and Klebsiella pneumoniae to carbapenems increased year by year, which was up to 96.0% and 71.4% to Meropenem by 2018.Their resistance rates to the third-generation cephalosporins, aminoglycosides and sulfonamides were higher than 70.0%.The sensitivity rate to Tigecycline and Polymyxin was 100.0%.The detection rate of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) significantly increased from 18.2% in 2010 to 50.0% in 2018 ( χ2=19.38, P=0.013). No Vancomycin-resistant strains were found. Conclusions:Gram-negative bacteria are the main clinical isolates of PICU.Acinetobacter baumannii, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and especially Pseudomonas maltophilus, have a significant growth trend in the detection rate. Acinetobacter baumannii and Klebsiella pneumoniae are highly resistant to carbapenems.MRSA annually grows, but it still maintains a high degree of sensitivity to Vancomycin.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1847-1851, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907074

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the effects of parental rearing style and its consistency on sleep problems of preschool children and to provide theoretical basis for making early family intervention measures.@*Methods@#A questionnaire survey was conducted among 2 744 children and their parents in 19 kindergartens in Anqing city. Parental Behavior Inventory (PBI) was used to investigate the rearing style of parents, and Chinese version of Children s Sleep Habit Questionnaire (CSHQ) was used to evaluate the incidence of sleep among preschoolers.@*Results@#Preschool children s overall rate of sleep disorder was 15.5%, and accompanied by sleep duration disorder (70.0%), sleep resistance (64.2%), sleep latency (38.7%), anxiety (15.5%), daytime sleepiness ( 10.1 %). Living in urban areas, parents smoking and drinking behaviors, and parents parenting style all affected preschoolers sleep ( P <0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that fathers active rearing style was negatively correlated with preschool children s sleep problems such as delayed sleep impedance and short sleep duration, while mothers active rearing style was negatively correlated with preschool children s sleep problems such as sleep resistance and night wake up ( P <0.05). There was a positive correlation between father s severe rearing style and preschoolers sleep resistance, sleep duration, short sleep disordered breathing, daytime sleepiness and total sleep problems, and mother s severe rearing style and preschoolers sleep duration, short sleep anxiety, night wakefulness, daytime sleepiness and total sleep problems ( P <0.05). Consistent rate of negative rearing patterns was a risk factor for short sleep duration in preschoolers ( OR =2.19,95% CI =1.12-4.28, P =0.02).@*Conclusion@#The detection rate of sleep problems in preschoolers is high. Parental supportive involvement has a positive effect on preschoolers sleep, while parental coercion hostile parenting has a negative effect on preschoolers sleep. The consistent rate of rearing styles affects the sleep duration of preschoolers.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906517

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the efficacy of Bushen Huoxue decoction for recovery in patients with intra uterine adhesions (IUA) after trans cervical resection adhesions (TCRA) operation, and to investigate its effect on fibrosis factor. Method:The 110 patients were randomly divided into two groups by random number table (55 cases for control group and 55 cases for observation group). The patients in both groups got TCRA, and after the operation, they got estradiol valerate tablets+progesterone capsules. The patients in control group additionally got Jinfengwan before meals, 10 g/time, 2 times/day. Patients in observation additionally got syndrome differentiation and treatment by Bushen Huoxuetang, 1 dose/day. The treatment course was 3 months in both groups, and 6 months' follow-up was recorded. Before and after treatment, menstrual volume, period and cycle were recorded. During the follow-up, pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy and abortion were also recorded. Endoscopy and vagina color Doppler ultrasound were conducted to detect endometrial thickness, uterine volume, resistance index (RI), pulsation index (PI) and blood flow index (FI). Scores of IUA and syndrome of kidney deficiency and blood stasis were graded. At the 6<sup>th</sup> months after treatment, rate of intrauterine re-adhesion was recorded. Levels of transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1 </sub>(TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor-1 (TIMP-1), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) were detected, and safety was evaluated. Result:Total effective rate of clinical efficacy was 96.36% (53/55) in observation group, higher than 83.64% (46/55) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.959, <italic>P</italic><0.05). Recovery rate of menstrual volume, period and cycle were 92.73% (51/55), 90.91% (50/55), and 94.55% (52/55) in observation group, higher than 72.73% (40/55), 76.36% (42/55), and 76.36% (42/55) in control group(<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=7.698,<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.245,<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=7.313,<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). During the follow-up, rate of intrauterine re-adhesions was 23.64% (13/55) in observation group, lower than 43.64% (24/55) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.927,<italic>P</italic><0.05). Pregnancy rate was 45.45% (25/55), higher than 25.45% (14/55) in control group(<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.807,<italic>P</italic><0.05). Score of syndrome of kidney deficiency and blood stasis and IUA scores in observation group were lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Endometrial thickness, uterine volume, and FI were higher than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Levels of RI, PI, TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, CTGF, PDGF, IGF-1 and TIMP-1 were lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while level of MMP-9 was higher than that in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). No adverse reactions related to traditional Chinese medicine were found. Conclusion:Bushen Huoxue decoction can promote the recovery of menstruation, increase the thickness of endometrium, improve the blood circulation of uterus, regulate the expression of fibrogenic factors<italic> in vivo</italic>, prevent and treat intrauterine adhesions, reduce the rate of intrauterine re-adhesions, and improve the rate of pregnancy, with a good comprehensive effect and high safety for clinical use.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906214

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss clinical effect of Zhuyu Zhixuetang to chronic endometritis (CE) with syndrome of Qi deficiency and blood stasis and to study improvement effect to pregnancy outcome. Method:One hundred and forty-four patients were randomly divided into two groups, patients in control group were 72 cases and in observation group were 72 cases. In control group, 66 patients completed the therapy because of 4 falling off or missing visit and 2 eliminated, and in observation group, 65 patients completed the therapy because of 3 falling off or missing visit and 5 eliminated. In two groups. anti-infection treatment was gicen to patients. Patients in control group got Fuke Qianjin Pian, 6 tablets/time, 3 times/day. Patients in observation group got Zhuyu Zhixuetang, 1 dose/day. The treatment was continued for 3 months and the follow up was recorded for 6 months. Before and after treatment, changes of menstrual volume, period and cycle were recorded. And hysteroscopy and color Doppler ultrasound of vagina were made, and endometrial morphology and endometrial receptivity were evaluated [endometrial thickness, resistance index (RI), pulsation index (PI) and blood flow index (FI)] were evaluated, and pathology of endometrial were tested. And scores of syndrome of Qi deficiency and blood stasis were graded, levels of interleukin-1 <italic>β</italic> (IL-1<italic> β</italic>), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>) and T-lymphoid subsets (CD3<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD8<sup>+</sup>) in peripheral blood were measured. Pregnancy and miscarriage were recorded and the safety was evaluated. Result:After treatment, menstrual volume, menstrual period, cycle and complete normal rate of menstruation in observation group were all higher than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Endometrial thickness and FI were more than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), RI and PI were lower than RI and PI in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). And compared with control group, levels of IL-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-6, TNF-<italic>α</italic> and CD8<sup>+ </sup>were less (<italic>P</italic><0.01). And levels of CD3<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup> and CD4<sup>+</sup>/ CD8<sup>+</sup> were higher than the data in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). During 6 months follow-up, pregnancy rate in observation group was 46.97% (31/66) was higher than 27.69% (18/65) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.197, <italic>P</italic><0.05). Total effective rate of endometrial morphology was 96.97% (64/66) higher than 86.15% (56/65) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.981, <italic>P</italic><0.05). Total effective rate endometrial pathology was 95.45% (63/66) higher than 84.62% (55/65) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.304, <italic>P</italic><0.05). Total effective rate of comprehensive clinical effect was 93.94% (62/66) higher than 81.54% (55/65) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.696, <italic>P</italic><0.05). There was no adverse reactions related to traditional Chinese medicine. Conclusion:Zhuyu Zhixuetang can regulate menstruation, relieve clinical symptoms, improve endometrial morphology under hysteroscopy, regulate systemic and local immune inflammatory response, improve CP, thus improve pregnancy outcome, with better comprehensive effect and safety.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905997

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) for determining the plasma concentrations of 10 active ingredients in Wujiwan at different time points after oral administration, and to compare the pharmacokinetic characteristics between normal rats and rats with chronic visceral hypersensitive irritable bowel syndrome (CVH-IBS). Method:CVH-IBS rat model was prepared by the neonatal rat colon percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) balloon stimulation method. After intragastric administration of Wujiwan (0.245 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), blood was collected from the jugular vein at different time points, and the plasma concentrations of 10 active ingredients (berberine hydrochloride, palmatine hydrochloride, coptisine hydrochloride, jatrorrhizine hydrochloride, epiberberine, dihydroberberine, evodiamine, evodine, paeoniflorin, albiflorin) in Wujiwan was detected simultaneously by UPLC-MS/MS, the pharmacokinetic parameters of each component in normal rats and CVH-IBS rats were calculated. Result:The established UPLC-MS/MS could sensitively and accurately detect the plasma concentrations of 10 active ingredients of Wujiwan in rats. Compared with the normal group, the absorption rates of these 10 active ingredients of Wujiwan in the blood of CVH-IBS rats all decreased to a certain extent, and the peak time (<italic>t</italic><sub>max</sub>) was prolonged. Among them, the <italic>t</italic><sub>max</sub> of berberine hydrochloride and jatrorrhizine hydrochloride were significantly prolonged from 54 minute and 39 minute to 90 minute, respectively (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC<sub>0-</sub><italic><sub>t</sub></italic>) of each component increased, and evodiamine and paeoniflorin were significantly different (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01). The clearance rates (CL/<italic>F</italic>) of these 10 active ingredients were all decreased, among which berberine hydrochloride, palmatine hydrochloride and evodiamine had significant differences (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:There are significant differences in the pharmacokinetic behavior of the active ingredients in Wujiwan between normal rats and CVH-IBS rats, which may be related to the destruction of microstructure of intestinal epithelial cells and the change of activity of liver enzymes under the pathological state of IBS.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905991

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of artesunate (ART) on experimental choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and the expression of related proteins, and to explore the underlying mechanism. Method:Eighty BN rats were randomly divided into five groups: a normal group, a model group, a conbercept group, and low- (10.08 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>) and high-dose (20.16 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>) ART groups, with 16 rats in each group. A CNV model was established with 532 nm laser in rats of the groups except for the normal group. The rats in each group were treated with corresponding drugs by gavage for 14 days. The normal group, the model group, and the conbercept group received 1% CMC-Na solution at the same volume, while the conbercept group received an intravitreal injection (5 μL) once. On days 7 and 14, fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) was used to evaluate the fluorescein leakage (gray value) of CNV. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was adopted to observe the histopathological changes of CNV. Western blot was employed to detect the protein expression levels of hypoxia-inducible factor-1<italic>α</italic> (HIF-1<italic>α</italic>) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the retina and choroid. Result:FFA results showed that compared with the normal group, other groups showed increased gray value on days 7 and 14 (<italic>P</italic><0.01). On day 7, the gray value of the high-dose ART group and the conbercept group decreased compared with that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). On day 14, the gray value of the ART groups and the conbercept group decreased in varying degrees compared with that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). HE results showed that compared with the normal group, the model group showed increased thickness of CNV on days 7 and 14 (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the ART groups and the conbercept group displayed decreased thickness of CNV (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Western blot results revealed that the expression of HIF-1<italic>α</italic> and VEGF in the model group increased in varying degrees on the days 7 and 14 compared with that in the normal group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), while compared with the model group, the ART groups and the conbercept group showed decreased expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:ART can inhibit experimental CNV by down-regulating the expression of HIF-1<italic>α</italic> and VEGF in the early stage of experimental CNV formation.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905307

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the interactive effects of early exercise and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor antagonists on the neurologic function and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression in the cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) rat model. Methods:Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into sham (n = 10), I/R (n = 10), exercise (EX) (n = 10), pentetrazol (PTZ) (n = 10) and pentetrazol plus exercise (PTZEX) (n = 10) groups. All the rats, except the sham group, accepted middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for one hour and reperfused. Since two days after reperfusion, PTZ and PTZEX groups accepted PTZ, a GABA receptor antagonist, 0.25 mg/kg peritoneal injection, once a day for five days; while EX and PTZEX groups ran on a treadmill, 30 minutes a day for five days. Seven days after reperfusion, all the rats were assessed with neurobehavioral score, the infarct volumes were assessed with TTC, and BDNF expression in ischemic penumbra was detected with reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and ELISA. Results:Compared with I/R group, the neurobehavioral scores of EX group, PTZ group and PTZEX group improved, the volumes of cerebral infarction reduced (P < 0.05), and PTZEX group was the best (P < 0.05). The expression of BNDF was the most in PTZEX group (P < 0.05). Conclusion:Early exerxise combined with PTZ could promote the recovery of neurologic function in I/R rats, which may be related to the up-regulation of BDNF.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL