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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 21-24, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016405

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the viral spectrum of inpatients with acute respiratory infection in Pudong New Area, and to explore the composition of pathogens in hospitalized children and adults. Methods Samples of acute respiratory infection cases from 10 medical institutions were collected from 2011 to 2020 and tested for human influenza virus, human adenovirus, rhinovirus, human parainfluenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus, human coronavirus, human metapneumovirus and human boca virus. Results A total of 3 145 inpatients were monitored, with a median age of 61 years. The positive rate of any virus was 32.43% (1 020/3 145), and the single virus infection accounted for 85.98% (877/1 020). In single virus infection, the positive rate of human influenza virus was the highest (9.67%, 304/3 145), with influenza A (80.26%, 244/304) as the main virus. The second was rhinovirus (3.97%, 125/3 145). The positive rate of any virus in different age groups was statistically significant (χ2=103.38,P2=123.06,P2=90.37,P<0.001). Conclusion The positive rate of virus in hospitalized patients with acute respiratory infection is relatively high in Pudong New Area, Shanghai, with human influenza virus being the main virus. The virus spectrum of hospitalized children and adults is inconsistent. In the future, in-depth research should be strengthened, focusing on the distribution of pathogens in different populations and seasonal prevention and treatment.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 514-520, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013644

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the therapeutic effect of the MW-9 on ulcerative colitis(UC)and reveal the underlying mechanism, so as to provide a scientific guidance for the MW-9 treatment of UC. Methods The model of lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophage cells was established. The effect of MW-9 on RAW264.7 cells viability was detected by MTT assay. The levels of nitric oxide(NO)in RAW264.7 macrophages were measured by Griess assay. Cell supernatants and serum levels of inflammatory cytokines containing IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β were determined by ELISA kits. Dextran sulfate sodium(DSS)-induced UC model in mice was established and body weight of mice in each group was measured. The histopathological damage degree of colonic tissue was assessed by HE staining. The protein expression of p-p38, p-ERK1/2 and p-JNK was detected by Western blot. Results MW-9 intervention significantly inhibited NO release in RAW264.7 macrophages with IC50 of 20.47 mg·L-1 and decreased the overproduction of inflammatory factors IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α(P<0.05). MW-9 had no cytotoxicity at the concentrations below 6 mg·L-1. After MW-9 treatment, mouse body weight was gradually reduced, and the serum IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α levels were significantly down-regulated. Compared with the model group, MW-9 significantly decreased the expression of p-p38 and p-ERK1/2 protein. Conclusions MW-9 has significant anti-inflammatory activities both in vitro and in vivo, and its underlying mechanism for the treatment of UC may be associated with the inhibition of MAPK signaling pathway.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 66-73, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012694

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the therapeutic mechanism of Faeces Bombycis on diabetic gastroparesis (DGP) rats based on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B/mammalian rapamycin target protein (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) signaling pathway. MethodDGP rat model was prepared by random selection of 15 out of 105 rats as blank group. The rats successfully constructed were randomly divided into model group, high-,medium- and low- dose groups (3.2, 1.6, 0.8 g·kg-1) and moxapride group (1.5 mg·kg-1), with 12 rats in each group, and were given gavage for 4 weeks. The gastric emptying rate and random blood glucose were measured. The morphological changes of gastric antrum were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the expression of the c-Kit gene was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. The apoptosis of Cajal interstitial cells was observed by in situ end labeling (TUNEL) staining, and the protein expressions of PI3K, phosphorylation(p)-PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, mTOR, and p-mTOR were detected by Western blot. ResultCompared with the blank group, the gastric emptying rate of the model group decreased significantly (P<0.01), and the glandular structure of the gastric antrum was destroyed. The expression of c-Kit decreased (P<0.01), and the apoptosis of Cajal interstitial cells (ICC) increased. Compared with the model group, the gastric emptying rate in the high, middle, and low-dose groups of Faeces Bombycis extract and mosapride group increased significantly (P<0.01). The glandular structure of the gastric antrum became closer, and the apoptosis of ICC decreased. The expression of c-Kit in the high dose group of Faeces Bombycis extract increased significantly. After Western blot testing, compared with the blank group, the protein expression of p-Akt/Akt, p-PI3K/PI3K, and p-mTOR/mTOR in the model group increased. Compared with the model group, the protein expression of p-Akt/Akt in the high dose group of Faeces Bombycis extract decreased (P<0.01), and the protein expression of p-PI3K/PI3K decreased in the middle and low dose groups of Faeces Bombycis extract and mosapride group decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). The protein expression of p-mTOR/mTOR decreased in the low dose group of Faeces Bombycis extract (P<0.05). In terms of random blood glucose, compared with the blank group, the random blood glucose in the model group increased significantly (P<0.01), and compared with the model group, the random blood glucose in the high and middle dose groups of Faeces Bombycis extract decreased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with mosapride group, the protein expression of p-Akt/Akt decreased in the high dose group of Faeces Bombycis extract (P<0.05), and the protein expression of p-PI3K/PI3K increased in the high, middle, and low dose groups of Faeces Bombycis extract (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionFaeces Bombycis extract can increase gastric emptying rate, reduce ICC apoptosis, and lower random blood glucose in DGP rats. The high dose group of Faeces Bombycis extract has a significant effect on inhibiting ICC apoptosis, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 595-600, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012579

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide reference for the clinically safe application of acalabrutinib by mining and analyzing the risk signals of adverse drug events (ADE). METHODS The acalabrutinib-induced ADE reports were extracted from the U.S. FDA adverse event reporting system using the OpenVigil 2.1 platform from November 1, 2017 to March 31, 2023. The reporting odds ratio (ROR) method and composite criteria method from the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) were used for detection of ADE signals. RESULTS There were 7 869 ADE reports of acalabrutinib as the primary suspect drug and 142 ADE positive signals were detected from them, involving 20 system organ classes, which was generally consistent with the ADE recorded in the drug instruction of acalabrutinib, mainly involving general disorders and administration site conditions, various inspection, blood and lymphatic system disorders, various neurological disorders and cardiac disorders. In addition, this study identified several new potential ADE signals that were not mentioned in the drug instruction, including sudden cardiac death, pulmonary toxicity, tumor lysis syndrome, pleural effusion, dyspepsia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, bone pain, decreased blood pressure, and abnormal blood sodium, etc. CONCLUSIONS When using acalabrutinib, in addition to paying attention to the ADE recorded in its instructions, the risk of serious ADE that may lead to death, such as sudden cardiac death and pulmonary toxicity, should also be evaluated to avoid or reduce the occurrence of ADE as much as possible.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 97-100, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003514

ABSTRACT

Corneal visualization Scheimpflug technology(Corvis ST)is currently the most commonly used clinical device for assessing in vivo corneal biomechanics. The new parameter stress-strain index(SSI)has been a hot topic of clinical research in recent years, which not only directly reflect corneal biomaterial stiffness, but also closely correlates with the progression of certain diseases. SSI was generated based on the predictions of corneal behavior using finite element(FE)numerical modeling to simulate the effects of intraocular pressure and Corvis ST jets. The SSI algorithm does not change with central corneal thickness(CCT), intraocular pressure, or biomechanically corrected intraocular pressure(BIOP), but it is clearly associated with altered collagen fibres in the corneosclera. The principles of SSI, the relationship between age and SSI, the relationship between axial length and SSI, the relationship between myopia and SSI, and the application of SSI are summarized and concluded.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 37-45, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003406

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of Jiaohong pills (JHP) and its prescription, Pericarpium Zanthoxyli (PZ) and Rehmanniae Radix (RR) cognitive dysfunction in scopolamine-induced Alzheimer's disease (AD) mice and its mechanism through pharmacodynamic and metabolomics study. MethodThe animal model of AD induced by scopolamine was established and treated with PZ, RG and JHP, respectively. The effects of JHP and its formulations were investigated by open field test, water maze test, object recognition test, avoidance test, cholinergic system and oxidative stress related biochemical test. Untargeted metabolomics analysis of cerebral cortex was performed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-Quadrupole/Orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS). ResultThe behavioral data showed that, compared with the model group, the discrimination indexes of the high dose of JHP, PZ and RR groups was significantly increased (P<0.05). The staging rate of Morris water maze test in the PZ, RR, high and low dose groups of JHP was significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), the crossing numbers in the PZ, JHP high and low dose groups were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01); the number of errors in the avoidance test were significantly reduced in the PZ and high-dose JHP groups (P<0.01), and the error latencies were significantly increased in the JHP and its prescription drug groups (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the activities of acetylcholinesterase in the cerebral cortex of the two doses of JHP group and the PZ group were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the activity of acetylcholinesterase in the high-dose JHP group was significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the level of acetylcholine was significantly increased (P<0.01). At the same time, the contents of malondialdehyde in the serum of the two dose groups of JHP decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). The results of metabolomics study of cerebral cortex showed that 149 differential metabolites were identified between the JHP group and the model group, which were involved in neurotransmitter metabolism, energy metabolism, oxidative stress and amino acid metabolism. ConclusionJHP and its prescription can antagonize scopolamine-induced cognitive dysfunction, regulate cholinergic system, and reduce oxidative stress damage. The mechanism of its therapeutic effect on AD is related to the regulation of neurotransmitter, energy, amino acid metabolism, and improvement of oxidative stress.

7.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 1038-1045, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998997

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo summarize and analyze the clinical features and CT imaging findings of melioidosis pneumonia in order to increase awareness of this disease. MethodsA retrospective study was done on clinical and CT imaging data of 68 cases with melioidosis pneumonia diagnosed from January 1, 2012 to April 1, 2023. ResultsOf the 68 cases, 62 presented with acute infection and 6 chronic infection, 88.2% were male, 85.3% were native residents of Hainan, 85.3% were farmers, 77.9% had onset in summer and autumn, 66.2% had diabetes, 100% had fever as the first clinical symptom, and 88.2% were confirmed positive by blood culture. In most patients, white blood cell count, neutrophil ratio, C-reactive protein and calcitonin levels increased, while lymphocyte ratio decreased, but no statistical difference was found between acute and chronic infection groups (P > 0.05). Of the patients, 36.8% recovered, 42.6% got better, 11.8% patients became therapy-resistant and 8.8% died. CT image showed pathomorphological changes including nodules/masses, patchy ground-glass attenuation or large patchy consolidation or all of these at the same time. Acute and chronic infection groups had significant difference in pathomorphological changes (P = 0.01), but no statistical difference in other imaging findings. Moreover, 36.8% of the patients developed extrapulmonary infections, 8.8% of which multi-site abscess formation. ConclusionsMelioidosis Pneumonia should be considered if the patient is the sojourner from epidemic area, or has diabetes, high fever and rapid-developing disease, with additional presence of multiple inflammatory lesions in lung CT.

8.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 222-229, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995278

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the impact of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on the prevalence of viral pathogens in hospitalized children with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) in Shanghai.Methods:A total of 6 020 throat swab specimens were collected from hospitalized children with ARTIs in Shanghai Children′s Hospital from August 1, 2019 to February 28, 2022. Eleven common respiratory pathogens were detected using multiplex PCR and capillary electrophoresis. Pre-epidemic data referred to the data from August to December, 2019, and the data from August to December, 2020 and August to December, 2021 were used as the post-epidemic data for comparison. Based on the data from March 2020 to February 2022 (the epidemic period), the epidemiology of respiratory pathogens in children with ARTIs in different seasons were compared (spring: March to May, summer: June to August, autumn: September to November, winter: December to February of the next year).Results:Of the 6 020 specimens obtained from the patients, 3 753 (62.34%) were positive for at least one pathogen. Human rhinovirus (HRV) was the most commonly detected pathogen (22.76%, 1 442/6 020), followed by human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) (16.05%, 966/6 020). From August to December, the detection rate of single respiratory pathogen was 87.94% (569/647) in 2019, 66.21% (480/725) in 2020 and 60.33% (1 075/1 782) in 2021, and the co-infection rate was 25.66% (166/647) in 2019, 9.93% (72/725) in 2020 and 8.87% (158/1 782) in 2021, showing a decreasing trend (χ 2=165.19 and 127.79, P<0.01). Compared with the pre-epidemic period, human metapneumovirus (HMPV), HRV and human parainfluenza virus (HPIV) were the most prevalent pathogens in 2020 [4.97%(36/725), 34.21%(248/725) and 14.48%(105/725); χ 2=26.16, 42.04 and 60.52; P<0.01] and HRSV was the predominant pathogen in 2021 [21.27%(387/1 782), χ 2=44.26, P<0.01]. During the epidemic period, the detection rate of pathogens was 64.49%(1 340/2 078) in 2020, which was significantly higher than that in 2021 [57.48%(1 771/3 081), χ 2=25.43, P<0.01]. Only two respiratory pathogens, Mycoplasma pneumonia and human coronavirus, were detected in the spring of 2020; HRV, human adenovirus and HPIV were detected since the summer of 2020; influenza virus B was detected since the spring of 2021; influenza virus A was detected in only one case in 2020 and other respiratory pathogens were detected since the autumn of 2020. HRV+ HRSV were the main pathogens of co-infections. Conclusions:A series of prevention and control measures taken after the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic caused major changes in the prevalence and the epidemiology of respiratory pathogens in hospitalized children in Shanghai. With the normalization of epidemic prevention and control, the cancellation of strict epidemic prevention policy might lead to the outbreak of some pathogens (HMPV, HRV, HPIV and HRSV) and much attention should be paid to the outbreaks of other respiratory pathogen infections in children.

9.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 123-129, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995264

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of dendritic cells (DC) in Chlamydia muridarum ( Cm) respiratory infection and their effect on adaptive immune response. Methods:C57BL/6 mice were exposed to 1×10 3 inclusion-forming units (IFU) of Cm through inhalation to establish the mouse model of Cm respiratory infection. The proportion of CD11c + MHCⅡ + DC and the expression of costimulatory molecules (CD40, CD80 and CD86) in spleen tissues were detected by flow cytometry on 0, 3 and 7 d after infection. The expression of IL-12p40, IL-10 and IL-6 at mRNA level in spleen tissues was detected by qPCR. Mouse splenic DC isolated on 7 d after Cm infection were sorted by magnetic beads and then transferred to recipient mice. Th1 response in the recipient mice was measured using intracellular cytokine staining 14 d after infection. Results:Cm respiratory infection induced massive infiltration of DC and promoted the expression of costimulatory molecules on splenic DC. The expression of IL-12 and IL-10 at mRNA level in splenic DC reached the peak on 3 d after infection. Transferring the splenic DC of Cm-infected mice into the recipient mice could alleviate the disease condition in the recipient mice after Cm infection with reduced Cm inclusion-forming units in lung tissues and significantly increased proportion of Th1 cells in lung and spleen tissues. Conclusions:Cm respiratory infection could induce the maturation and activation of DC, which promoted Th1 immune response. DC played an important role in Cm infection.

10.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 391-396, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995206

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe any effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the cognition of stroke survivors and the integrity of their white matter fibers.Methods:Thirty persons with post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) were randomly divided into an experimental group ( n=15) and a control group ( n=15). In addition to basic drug therapy and routine cognition training, the experimental group received 20 minutes of tDCS daily, 5 days per week for 3 weeks, while the control group received sham tDCS stimulation. Before and after the treatment, both groups′ cognitive functioning was evaluated using the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and the Montreal cognitive assessment scale (MoCA). Their ability in the activities of daily living (ADL) was quantified using the modified Barthel index (MBI). Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was employed to observe any changes in the integrity of their white matter fibers. Results:The average MMSE, MOCA and MBI scores of both groups had improved significantly after the treatment, but the improvement in the experimental group was significantly greater than among the controls. The average fractional anisotroposy value of the affected inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus in both groups was positively correlated with the group′s average MMSE score and MoCA score.Conclusion:tDCS can effectively improve the cognition and functioning in the activities of daily living of stroke survivors. Its mechanism may be related to improving the integrity of the white matter fibers involved.

11.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 414-421, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994994

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the urinary sediment findings and the clinicopathologic features of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) patients with acute kidney injury (AKI).Methods:It was a retrospective study. The patients with renal biopsy-proven primary IgAN in Peking University First Hospital from January 31, 2013 to July 31, 2015 were selected. According to whether AKI occurred at renal biopsy or not, the patients were divided into AKI group and non-AKI group. Morning urine samples were obtained on the day of renal biopsy. Urine sediments, including various cells and casts, were examined. The clinical data, urinary sediments, and renal pathological changes were compared between the two groups. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the association between clinical pathological changes, urinary sediment indicators and AKI, or clinical pathological changes and urinary sediment indicators.Results:There were 502 IgAN patients enrolled in this study, with age of (36.1±12.1) years old and 261 males (52.0%). The incidence of AKI was 11.4% (57/502) among the enrolled patients at the time of renal biopsy. Common causes of AKI included gross hematuria-induced AKI (10 cases), acute tubulointerstitial nephritis (10 cases), crescentic IgAN (9 cases), malignant hypertensive renal damage (6 cases), and multiple etioloqy or unknown etiology (22 cases). Compared with non-AKI group, AKI group had higher proportions of males and malignant hypertension, higher levels of proteinuria and urinary erythrocyte counts, and higher frequencies of gross hematuria, leukocyturia, renal tubular epithelial cells, and granular casts (all P<0.05). AKI group also had higher proportions of severe tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis (T2) and cellular/cellular fibrous crescent formation (C2) than non-AKI group (both P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis results showed that, there were statistically significant differences in the correlation between AKI and gender, 24 h urinary protein, urinary erythrocyte counts, granular casts and renal tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis (T) scores (all P<0.05). Hematuria, leukocyturia, red blood cell casts, white blood cell casts, granular casts, and fatty casts were correlated with endothelial hypercellularity (E) and cellular/cellular fibrous crescent formation (C) scores, respectively (all P<0.05). Hematuria was correlated with mesangial hypercellularity (M) scores ( OR=2.613, 95% CI 1.520-4.493, P=0.001). Hematuria ( OR=1.723, 95% CI 1.017-2.919, P=0.043) and fatty casts ( OR=2.646, 95% CI 1.122-6.238, P=0.026) were correlated with segmental sclerosis or adhesion (S) scores. Leukocyturia ( OR=1.645, 95% CI 1.154-2.347, P=0.006) and fatty casts ( OR=2.344, 95% CI 1.202-4.572, P=0.012) were correlated with T scores. Epithelial cell cast was correlated with C scores ( OR=1.857, 95% CI 1.174-2.939, P=0.008). Conclusions:AKI is a common complication among IgAN patients with diverse etiology and more severe clinicopathological features. Urinary sediment findings can reflect renal pathological changes to some extent, and therefore assist in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of IgAN patients with AKI.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 550-558, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993475

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) combined with percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic decompression (PTED) and posterior pedicle fixation through Wiltse approach in the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis accompanied with lumbar spinal stenosis.Methods:From June 2017 to February 2022, 103 patients (50 males and 53 females) of lumbar spondylolisthesis accompanied with lumbar spinal stenosis were performed with OLIF combined with PTED and posterior pedicle fixation. The mean age was 64.1±5.2 years (range, 42-87 years). All involved cases were single-segment and included 83 cases of L 4, 5, 17 cases of L 3, 4, and 3 cases of L 2, 3. Among them, 94 cases were performed for the first time, and other 9 were revision surgery treated by posterior lumbar laminectomy previously. The visual analog scale (VAS) was used to evaluate the low back pain and leg pain, and the Oswestry disability index (ODI) was used to evaluate the lumbar function. The VAS and ODI scores were recorded respectively before the operation, at discharge, 1, 3, 6 months after the operation and at the last follow-up. Macnab criteria was used to evaluate the clinical efficacy at the last follow-up. At the same time, imaging measurements were conducted, including the anterior and posterior disc height, segmental lordotic angle, percentage of slip on lateral X-ray film and the vertebral canal area on axial MRI before and after surgery. Results:All of 103 patients were successfully operated in one stage with an average operation time of 177.7±21.5 min (range, 155-220 min), and an average intraoperative blood loss of 55.9±18.3 ml (range, 30-150 ml). The mean follow-up time were 15.1±2.6 months (range, 6-36 months). There were significant differences in both VAS scores of back and leg and ODI scores at each postoperative time point when compared with preoperative ( F=508.25, F=1524.82, F=1148.68, P<0.001). Macnab criteria of the last follow-up was evaluated as follow: excellent in 85 cases, good in 14, fair in 4, and the excellent and good rate was 96.1%. The radiographic results showed the mean immediate postoperative anterior disc height, posterior disc height, segmental lordotic angle, percentage of slip and axial area of the vertebral canal were 15.23±2.97 mm, 9.32±2.31 mm, 14.36°±4.18°, 3.89%±3.11%, 113.37±47.27 mm 2, and thus all of those increased significantly compared to the mean preoperative 11.93±3.17 mm, 7.21±2.03 mm, 6.15°±3.99°, 23.66%±7.79%, 57.63±28.91 mm 2, respectively ( t=7.84, t=7.07, t=14.91, t=27.62, t=9.68, P<0.001). All cases achieved bony fusion during 6-12 months after operation. The incidence of surgery-related complications was 10.7% (11/103). There were 3 cases of end plate fracture and 2 cases of dural injury, which had no complaint after operation. There was 1 case of pedicle screw entering into the spinal canal by mistake, and the symptoms of nerve damage appeared after operation. After 1 year it basically returned to normal. There were 2 cases of thigh numbness and 1 case of psoas major weakness after operation, all of which relieved after 4 weeks. There was 1 case continuous pain of abdominal incision after surgery. There was 1 case of cage subsidence at the last follow-up. Conclusion:OLIF combined with PTED and posterior pedicle fixation through Wiltse approach is a minimally invasive surgical method for the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis accompanied with lumbar spinal stenosis. With the combined minimally invasive techniques, the decompression, fusion and fixation of the lumbar spine can be fulfilled perfectly. It has the advantages of minimally invasive, good clical outcome, few complications and rapid rehabilitation.

13.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 407-412, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992109

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences of resting-state spontaneous neural activity between migraine without aura (MwoA) patients with response or nonresponse to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and its correlation with migraine-related features.Methods:From February 2021 to April 2022, thirty MwoA patients with response to NSAIDs, 30 MwoA patients with nonresponse to NSAIDs, and 30 healthy controls were recruited in the Affiliated Jiangning Hospital of Nanjing Medical University.All subjects were scanned with a 3.0 T resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scanner.The percent amplitude of fluctuation (perAF) approach was used to calculate the differences of the resting state brain functional activities among the three groups (Bonferroni multiple comparison correction). SPSS 24.0 software and RESTplus software were used for statistical analysis.Analysis of variance was used for the perAF values of three groups.Correlation analysis was performed between perAF values of brain regions with significant differences and migraine-related features.Results:The brain areas showing significant differences of perAF among the three groups located in the left anterior cingulate cortex (ACC)( x, y, z = -6, 9, -3), left middle frontal gyrus (MFG)( x, y, z =-39, 48, 9) and left middle temporal gyrus (MTG)( x, y, z = -57, -30, -15)(all P<0.05, Bonferroni correction). Compared with nonresponse group, the perAF in response group showed significant decreased in the left ACC, MFG and MTG.There was positive correlation between the perAF of left ACC and disease duration ( r=0.506, P=0.007). Compared with healthy controls, the perAF of nonresponse group showed increased in the left ACC, which was negatively correlated with frequency ( r=-0.414, P=0.032). Conclusion:The neural activity of prefrontal cortex and ACC may be the neuropathological basis underlying response to NSAIDs in MwoA treatment.Moreover, the ACC has certain correlations with migraine-related characteristics, which may serve as a potential neuroimaging biomarker to evaluate the efficacy of NSAIDs.

14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 708-711, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991394

ABSTRACT

In order to implement the teaching philosophy of "early clinical, multiple clinical, and repeated clinical", this study takes the "New Medical Professional Experience Social Practice" as a research course, analyzes the reform of pediatric clinical teaching, and evaluates the teaching effectiveness through classroom interviews and post-class questionnaire surveys. The results showed that through the combination of online and offline learning and multiple evaluation models, it was found that students with more hands-on teaching content in offline teaching were more interested and evaluated. Eight-year students had higher participation in offline teaching than five-year students, and 8-year students also rated online teaching higher than five-year students. A total of 151 [84.36%(151/179)] students have learned about the clinical work of pediatricians through this course. The reform of pediatric clinical teaching based on the concept of early clinical teaching can achieve the teaching goal of early clinical practice and early contact for medical students.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 602-605, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991372

ABSTRACT

At present, the routine specialized training for primary pediatricians (focusing on theoretical learning of public subjects) cannot meet the needs of primary pediatricians. In order to promote the development of children's medical care at the grassroots level and improve the quality, medical and clinical research abilities of regional pediatric medical personnel, the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University has designed and built a "hierarchical training model for improving the professional ability of pediatricians" from the aspects of training objectives, training contents, training methods, construction and evaluation of training programs, and quality control. In addition, the 8-month "Pediatric Professional Basic Training" and the 9-month "Pediatric Professional Ability Improvement Training" were respectively carried out in Xianyang Children's Hospital. In the "Professional Basic Training", 88 trainees were comprehensively evaluated after training, 53 of whom were qualified or above. In the "Ability Improvement Training", 26 of the 29 students actually participated in the evaluation and reached the qualified level or above. Learners provided feedbacks that they have effectively improved their own knowledge structure, expanded their clinical diagnosis and treatment thinking and clinical research ideas, and provided some guidance for clinical work.

16.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 538-542, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991053

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between serum Vitamin D, uric acid levels and arterial calcification in maintenance hemodialysis patients.Methods:A total of 120 patients who received MHD treatment in Daxing Teaching Hospital, Capital Medical University, from March 2019 to March 2021 were retrospectively selected as research subjects, and their general clinical data were recorded in detail. X-ray was used to detect the arterial calcification of patients. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of arterial calcification in MHD patients.Results:According to the arterial calcification score, 120 MHD patients were divided into non-calcification group (43 cases, 35.83%), mild calcification group (16 cases, 13.33%), moderate calcification group (42 cases, 35.00%) and severe calcification group (19 cases, 15.83%). There were significant differences in dialysis years, serum Vitamin D, serum uric acid, serum calcium, serum phosphorus, intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and arterial calcification score among the four groups ( P<0.05). According to serum Vitamin D level, 120 MHD patients were divided into deficient serum Vitamin D group (84 cases, 70.00%) and normal serum Vitamin D group (36 cases, 30.00%), serum calcium and phosphorus levels in the deficient serum Vitamin D group were lower than those in the normal serum Vitamin D group: (2.53 ± 0.28) mmol/L vs. (3.15 ± 0.31) mmol/L, (1.83 ± 0.26) mmol/L vs.(2.07 ± 0.31) mmol/L; serum uric acid and arterial calcification scores in the deficient serum Vitamin D group were higher than those in the normal serum Vitamin D group: (512.41 ± 65.21) μmol/L vs.(311.94 ± 72.56) μmol/L, (6.92 ± 2.34) scores vs. (2.18 ± 2.01) scores, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). One hundred and twenty MHD patients were divided into hyperuricemia group (77 cases, 64.17%) and uric acid normal group (43 cases, 35.83%) according to the level of serum uric acid, the serum Vitamin D level in the hyperuricemia group was lower than that in uric acid the normal group: (12.28 ± 5.18) μg/L vs. (28.84 ± 4.69) μg/L; and iPTH level and arterial calcification scores were higher than those in the uric acid normal group: (372.45 ± 90.31) ng/L vs. (291.60 ± 98.52) ng/L, (6.22 ± 2.52) scores vs. (2.72 ± 2.63) scores, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). The results of multivariate Logistic regression showed that serum Vitamin D and uric acid levels were risk factors for arterial calcification in MHD patients ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Serum Vitamin D and uric acid levels are correlated with arterial calcification in MHD patients, and are the risk factors leading to arterial calcification in patients.

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Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 327-331, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991014

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of metformin on levels of peripheral blood regulatory T cells (Treg)/Th17 cells and related cytokines in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and influenza A.Methods:A total of 108 patients with T2DM and influenza A treated in Zhejiang Veteran Hospital were prospectively enrolled between April 2021 to April 2022. According to different medication methods, they were divided into observation group (54 cases, oseltamivir + metformin) and control group (54 cases, oseltamivir + gliclazide). The average usage time and dosage of oseltamivir, concentration of blood lactate and blood gas level, counts of Th17 and Treg cells, and levels of related cytokines in the two groups were compared before and after treatment.Results:The average usage time and dosage of oseltamivir, and concentration of blood lactate were higher in observation group than control group: (8.94 ± 0.88) d vs. (7.23 ± 0.79) d, (1.32 ± 0.15) g vs. (1.08 ± 0.11) g, (1.83 ± 0.43) mmol/L vs. (1.61 ± 0.32) mmol/L, P<0.05. The differences in pH, partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO 2) and partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) between the two groups had no statistically significant before and after treatment ( P>0.05). After treatment, the differences in count of Treg cells, interleukin-10 (IL-10), interleukin-4 (IL-4), CD 3+, CD 4+ and CD 4+/CD 8+ between the observation group and the control group were statistically significant: (35.48 ± 5.64)% vs. (42.53 ± 6.17)%, (30.49 ± 4.72) ng/L vs. (35.64 ± 5.08) ng/L, (32.15 ± 3.06) ng/L vs. (35.33 ± 3.12) ng/L, (61.39 ± 3.28) % vs. (66.27 ± 3.05)%, (34.12 ± 1.93)% vs. (36.59 ± 2.61)%, 1.26 ± 0.34 vs. 1.52 ± 0.41, P<0.05. After treatment, the count of Th17 cells, Th17/Treg, interleukin-17 (IL-17) and γ-interferon (IFN-γ) in the observation group were higher than those in the control group:(8.69 ± 1.42)% vs. (7.94 ± 2.03)%, 0.24 ± 0.06 vs. 0.19 ± 0.05, (17.67 ± 3.11) ng/L vs. (12.18 ± 3.42) ng/L, (287.48 ± 45.12) ng/L vs. (254.27 ± 41.09) ng/L, P<0.05. During treatment, the difference in incidences of adverse reactions between the two groups had no statistically significant ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Oseltamivir combined with metformin can recover the balance of Th17/Treg cells in patients with T2DM and influenza A to a certain extent. Clinically, level of blood lactate should be monitored.

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Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 503-506, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990874

ABSTRACT

Demodex is a common small parasite in the human body, with a body length of about 150-350 μm and mainly found in human sebaceous glands and skin hair follicles.In recent years, numerous studies in dermatology and ophthalmology have shown that Demodex is related to the occurrence and development of rosacea, blepharitis and other diseases. Demodex blepharitis has become one of the clinical concerns. Demodex blepharitis is an inflammation in the skin of the eyelid margin caused by Demodex infection.In severe cases, cornea and conjunctiva can be involved, and vision can be affected. Demodex blepharitis is a widespread and easily overlooked disease.Up to 90% of patients with blepharitis are infected with Demodex, and the main pathogenic diagnostic methods are light microscopy and in vivo confocal microscopy.At present, the treatment of Demodex blepharitis is mainly to remove mites by metronidazole and tea tree oil etc.Its risk factors and pathogenesis are not fully understood yet.This article mainly summarized and analyzed the research progress on the risk factors for Demodex blepharitis and its possible pathogenesis at home and abroad in order to provide references for further research and clinical treatment.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 442-449, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990866

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a China original liquid pulsation system for the treatment of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD).Methods:A non-randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted.Twenty-two patients (44 eyes) diagnosed with MGD in Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University from February to August 2022 were enrolled.The patients were assigned into two groups according to their willingness.Of the 22 patients (44 eyes), 10 patients (20 eyes) in single liquid pulsation system group were treated with single liquid pulsation system for 12 minutes, and 12 patients (24 eyes) in intense pulsed light (IPL) group were treated with a course (4 times) of IPL, warm compresses and meibomian gland massage at three-week intervals.There was no difference in age and other baseline clinical indexes between the two groups (all at P<0.05). The meibum grading, quality grading of tear film lipid layer, Symptom Assessment Questionnaire in Dry Eye (SANDE) questionnaire score, first and average tear breakup time (BUT), corneal fluorescein sodium staining (CFS) score, tear meniscus height (TMH), and the area of meibomian gland loss were determined at baseline, 1 and 3 months after treatment.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University (No.2021069). Written informed consent was obtained from each patient before any medical examination. Results:Statistically significant group effects and time effects were found in the quality of tear film lipid layer ( Hgroup=4.39, P=0.036, Htime=6.30, P=0.043) and average BUT ( Fgroup=4.41, P=0.038; Ftime=4.08, P=0.049) in the two groups.The meibum grading, first BUT and TMH 1 and 3 months after treatment were significantly better than before treatment in single liquid pulsation system group (all at P<0.05). Compared with before treatment, there was no significant improvement in the meibum grading, distribution of tear film lipid, first BUT and TMH at 1 and 3 months after treatment in IPL group (all at P>0.05). In both groups, the SANDE and CFS scores 1 and 3 months after treatment were better than those before treatment, showing statistically significance (all at P<0.05). In terms of safety, neither instrument-related adverse events nor extra complaints of discomfort were reported in the single liquid pulsation system group.In both groups, the number of patients with positive CFS staining significantly decreased, and no new cases with positive CFS appeared after treatment. Conclusions:This China original liquid pulsation system is a safe and effective physical therapy in improving tear film dysfunction and ocular surface symptoms of MGD patients within 3 months after treatment.

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Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 736-741, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990696

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the quality of surgical specimens of rectal cancer in the Chinese transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) registry collaborative (CTRC) database.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. Based on the concept of real-world research, the clinicopathological data of 1 761 patients with rectal cancer in the CTRC database who underwent taTME in 40 medical centers, including the Beijing Friendship Hospital of Capital Medical University et al, from November 15, 2017 to December 31, 2022 were collected. There were 1 212 males and 549 females, aged 62(range, 53-68)years. Observation indicators: (1) preoperative examinations; (2) neoadjuvant therapy; (3) postoperative examinations. Measurement data with skewed distri-bution were represented as M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Preoperative examinations. Of the 1 761 patients, 1 324 patients underwent preoperative pelvic magnetic resonance imaging examination, and the results showed that 4 cases as clinical T0 stage, 30 cases as clinical T1 stage, 250 cases as clinical T2 stage, 828 cases as clinical T3 stage, 141 cases as clinical T4 stage, 11 cases as clinical Tx stage, 60 cases missing clinical T staging data, 490 cases as clinical N0 stage, 373 cases as clinical N1 stage, 311 cases as clinical N2 stage, 86 cases as clinical Nx stage, 64 cases missing clinical N staging data, 156 cases with mesorectal fascia invasion, 223 cases with extraintestinal blood vessels invasion. The distance from lower margin of tumor to anal margin of 1 324 patients was 50(range, 40-60)mm. (2) Neoadjuvant therapy. Of the 1 761 patients, 873 patients underwent neoadjuvant therapy, including 17 cases receiving radiotherapy alone, 155 cases receiving chemotherapy alone, 43 cases receiving short-course simultaneous chemoradiotherapy, 26 cases receiving short-course simultaneous chemoradiotherapy and delayed surgery, 1 case receiving contact radiotherapy, 277 cases receiving long-course simultaneous chemoradiotherapy, 9 cases receiving other treatments, and 345 cases missing neoadjuvant therapy data. (3) Postoperative examinations. Of the 1 761 patients, 1 584 cases achieved R 0 resection, 23 cases achieved R 1 resection, 1 case achieved R 2 resection, and there were 153 cases missing surgical margin data. The tumor diameter, number of lymph nodes harvest and positive rate of intravascular tumor thrombus were 30(range, 20-45)cm, 13(range, 10-17) and 20.794%(330/1 587) in 1 761 patients. There were 1 647 patients with circumferential margin records, which showed positive in 51 cases, and the minimum distance from deep part of tumor to circumferential margin was 5(rang, 3-13)mm in 1 647 patients. There were 547 cases with distal margin records, which showed positive in 4 cases, and the distance from lower margin of tumor to distal margin was 20(10-25)mm in 547 cases. There were 1 698 patients with specimen integrity records, which showed intact specimen in 1 436 cases, fair specimen in 233 cases, poor specimen in 8 cases, unevaluated specimen in 21 cases, and there were 20 cases with rectal tube perforation. Of the 1 761 patients, cases as pathological T0 stage, Tis stage, T1 stage, T2 stage, T3 stage, T4 stage was 103, 23, 145, 515, 712, 179, respectively, and there were 4 cases of pathology that could not be evaluated and 80 cases missing pathological T staging data. Of the 1 761 patients, cases as pathological N0 stage, N1a stage, N1b stage, N1c stage, N2a stage, N2b stage was 1 117, 189, 133, 66, 109, 68, respectively, and there were 79 cases missing pathological N staging data. Of the 1 761 patients, there were 79 cases with distant metastasis, 1 591 cases without distant metastasis, and 91 cases without data of tumor metastasis. Of the 873 patients undergoing neoadjuvant therapy, there were 405 patients with tumor regression grade records including 105 cases as grade 1, 142 cases as grade 2, 91 cases as grade 3, 43 cases as grade 4, 24 cases as grade 5. Conclusions:In China, the quality of surgical specimens of taTME for rectal cancer is good with low positive rate of resection margin. It is recommended that using a formatted postoperative pathological report for good quality control of pathological report of surgical specimen.

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