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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953841

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of a whole-process health education model among inpatients with ascites type of advanced schistosomiasis. Methods A “admission-hospitalization-discharge” whole-process health education model was created, 101 inpatients with ascites type of advanced schistosomiasis were given the whole-process health education. The scores of schistosomiasis control knowledge, attitudes towards schistosomiasis control and healthy behaviors, and awareness of schistosomiasis control knowledge, correct rate of attitudes towards schistosomiasis control and correct rate of healthy behaviors were compared among inpatients with ascites type of advanced schistosomiasis before and after implementation of the whole-process health education. Results The scores of schistosomiasis control knowledge, schistosomiasis control attitudes and healthy behaviors were all significantly higher among inpatients with ascites type of advanced schistosomiasis after implementation of the whole-process health education than before implementation (Z = −7.688, −3.576 and −4.328, all P values < 0.01). In addition, the awareness of schistosomiasis control knowledge increased from 54.3% to 82.7% (χ2 = 188.886, P < 0.01), and the correct rate of attitudes towards schistosomiasis control increased from 88.4% to 98.0% (χ2 = 22.001, P < 0.01), while the correct rate of healthy behaviors increased from 48.2% to 59.7% (χ2 = 11.767, P < 0.01). Conclusions The whole-process health education model may remarkably improve the awareness of schistosomiasis control knowledge and promote the formation of positive attitudes towards schistosomiasis control and correct behaviors among inpatients with ascites type of advanced schistosomiasis, which is of great significance to facilitate patients’ cure.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991392

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of massive open online course (MOOC) combined with peer mutual assistance in cardiopulmonary resuscitation teaching.Methods:A total of 140 students in the same class of Batch 2015 were divided into the experimental group and the control group. In the teaching of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the experimental group was based on the MOOC teaching platform, watched videos and topic tests before class, and used the peer mutual assistance in class. While the control group adopted traditional classroom teaching mode. The teaching effect of the two groups were evaluated by comparing the operation assessment scores and questionnaire survey of students' satisfaction with teaching. SPSS 22.0 was used for t-test and Chi-square test. Results:The operating assessment score of the experimental group was (82.20±2.31), and the operating assessment score of the control group was (75.80±1.72). The difference was statistically significant ( t=3.27, P<0.05). The questionnaire survey showed that the course satisfaction and learning motivation of the experimental group were better than those of the control group. In learning burden, the two groups had similar results ( P=0.739). Conclusion:MOOC combined with peer mutual assistance in cardiopulmonary resuscitation teaching can help students better master skills, improve students' course satisfaction and learning motivation, without increasing their learning burden.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989348

ABSTRACT

Qingyan Dropping Pills have the effects of relieving wind and heat, detoxifying, and promoting the pharynx. It is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicines to treat acute and chronic pharyngitis, as well as sore throats and dry throats caused by surgery. Recently, many studies have shown that Qingyan Dropping Pills have certain effects on bacteriostasis, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiviral activities. As the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic enters the post-epidemic era, the regular use of drugs for COVID-19 pandemic symptoms has become a new trend. Therefore, there is a good market prospect to explore and develop Chinese patent medicines with antiviral effects. A preliminary study on the herbal formula and material basis of Qingyan Dropping Pills revealed that they have potential for antiviral applications. In this paper, the research on the quality study and antiviral effect of Qingyan Dropping Pills was reviewed, and the research direction of its secondary development was discussed to provide ideas and references for the new use of old traditional Chinese medicines.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986930

ABSTRACT

Objective: This cross-sectional investigation aimed to determine the incidence, clinical characteristics, prognosis, and related risk factors of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain in mainland China. Methods: Data of patients with SARS-CoV-2 from December 28, 2022, to February 21, 2023, were collected through online and offline questionnaires from 45 tertiary hospitals and one center for disease control and prevention in mainland China. The questionnaire included demographic information, previous health history, smoking and alcohol drinking, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, olfactory and gustatory function before and after infection, other symptoms after infection, as well as the duration and improvement of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction. The self-reported olfactory and gustatory functions of patients were evaluated using the Olfactory VAS scale and Gustatory VAS scale. Results: A total of 35 566 valid questionnaires were obtained, revealing a high incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain (67.75%). Females(χ2=367.013, P<0.001) and young people(χ2=120.210, P<0.001) were more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Gender(OR=1.564, 95%CI: 1.487-1.645), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), oral health status (OR=0.881, 95%CI: 0.839-0.926), smoking history (OR=1.152, 95%CI=1.080-1.229), and drinking history (OR=0.854, 95%CI: 0.785-0.928) were correlated with the occurrence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2(above P<0.001). 44.62% (4 391/9 840) of the patients who had not recovered their sense of smell and taste also suffered from nasal congestion, runny nose, and 32.62% (3 210/9 840) suffered from dry mouth and sore throat. The improvement of olfactory and taste functions was correlated with the persistence of accompanying symptoms(χ2=10.873, P=0.001). The average score of olfactory and taste VAS scale was 8.41 and 8.51 respectively before SARS-CoV-2 infection, but decreased to3.69 and 4.29 respectively after SARS-CoV-2 infection, and recovered to 5.83and 6.55 respectively at the time of the survey. The median duration of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions was 15 days and 12 days, respectively, with 0.5% (121/24 096) of patients experiencing these dysfunctions for more than 28 days. The overall self-reported improvement rate of smell and taste dysfunctions was 59.16% (14 256/24 096). Gender(OR=0.893, 95%CI: 0.839-0.951), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), history of head and facial trauma(OR=1.180, 95%CI: 1.036-1.344, P=0.013), nose (OR=1.104, 95%CI: 1.042-1.171, P=0.001) and oral (OR=1.162, 95%CI: 1.096-1.233) health status, smoking history(OR=0.765, 95%CI: 0.709-0.825), and the persistence of accompanying symptoms (OR=0.359, 95%CI: 0.332-0.388) were correlated with the recovery of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2 (above P<0.001 except for the indicated values). Conclusion: The incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain is high in mainland China, with females and young people more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Active and effective intervention measures may be required for cases that persist for a long time. The recovery of olfactory and taste functions is influenced by several factors, including gender, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status, history of head and facial trauma, nasal and oral health status, smoking history, and persistence of accompanying symptoms.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adolescent , SARS-CoV-2 , Smell , COVID-19/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19 Vaccines , Incidence , Olfaction Disorders/etiology , Taste Disorders/etiology , Prognosis
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986869

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To test the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of adverse childhood experiences international questionnaire (ACE-IQ) in Chinese parents of preschool children.@*METHODS@#The parents of preschool children in 6 kindergartens in Tongzhou District of Beijing were selected by stratified random cluster sampling, and the Chinese version of ACE-IQ after translation and adaptation was used for survey online. The collected data were randomly divided into two parts. One part of the data (n=602) was used for exploratory factor analysis (EFA), to screen items and evaluate structural validity, and then form the final Chinese version of ACE-IQ. The other part of the data (n=700) was used for confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), criterion validity analysis and reliability analysis. At the same time, experts investigation method was used to evaluate the content validity of the final Chinese version of ACE-IQ.@*RESULTS@#After deleting four items of collective violence, the Chinese version of ACE-IQ with twenty-five items indicated good structural, criterion and content validity. Analysis results showed that the Chinese version of ACE-IQ presented a seven-factor model dimension, namely emotional neglect, physical neglect, family dysfunction, family violence, emotional and physical abuse, sexual abuse and violence outside the home, and the total score of the binary version of ACE-IQ Chinese version was positively correlated with the total score of childhood trauma questionaire-28 item short form (CTQ-SF, r=0.354, P < 0.001) and the center for epidemiological studies depression scale (CES-D, r=0.313, P < 0.001) respectively. Results from five experts showed that the item-level content validity index (I-CVI) of 25 items was between 0.80 and 1.00, and the average of all I-CVIs on the scale (S-CVI/Ave) of the scale was 0.984. At the same time, the internal consistency (Cronbach's α coefficient) of the whole scale was 0.818, and the split-half reliability (Spearman-Brown coefficient) was 0.621, which demonstrated good reliability.@*CONCLUSION@#This study has formed a Chinese version of ACE-IQ with 25 items and 7 dimensions, which has good reliability and validity among the parents of preschool children in China. It can be used as an evaluation instrument for measuring the minimum threshold of the adverse childhood experiences in the parents of preschool children in the cultural background of China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Adverse Childhood Experiences , Reproducibility of Results , Parents/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , China , Psychometrics/methods
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 328-338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981009

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to determine the role of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor 3 (IP3R3) in renal cyst development in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). 2-aminoethoxy-diphenyl borate (2-APB) and shRNA were used to suppress the expression of IP3R3. The effect of IP3R3 on cyst growth was investigated in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cyst model, embryonic kidney cyst model and kidney specific Pkd1 knockout (PKD) mouse model. The underlying mechanism of IP3R3 in promoting renal cyst development was investigated by Western blot and immunofluorescence staining. The results showed that the expression level of IP3R3 was significantly increased in the kidneys of PKD mice. Inhibiting IP3R3 by 2-APB or shRNA significantly retarded cyst expansion in MDCK cyst model and embryonic kidney cyst model. Western blot and immunofluorescence staining results showed that hyperactivated cAMP-PKA signaling pathway in the growth process of ADPKD cyst promoted the expression of IP3R3, which was accompanied by a subcellular redistribution process in which IP3R3 was translocated from endoplasmic reticulum to intercellular junction. The abnormal expression and subcellular localization of IP3R3 further promoted cyst epithelial cell proliferation by activating MAPK and mTOR signaling pathways and accelerating cell cycle. These results suggest that the expression and subcellular distribution of IP3R3 are involved in promoting renal cyst development, which implies IP3R3 as a potential therapeutic target of ADPKD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Mice , Cysts/genetics , Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors/pharmacology , Kidney/metabolism , Polycystic Kidney Diseases/metabolism , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant/drug therapy , Madin Darby Canine Kidney Cells
7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 602-605, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972756

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the epidemiological data of an outbreak of influenza A in a primary school in Shanghai, to provide reference for targeted prevention and control measures.@*Methods@#A field epidemiological method was used to investigate and collect the data of influenza A outbreak in a primary school in Jing an District from November 8 to December 6, 2022, through on site follow up and telephone return visit to health teachers and cases. The distribution characteristics of the epidemic were analyzed by descriptive epidemiology.@*Results@#The first case developed symptoms of cough, sore throat, and fever on the morning of November 8th 2022, with a maximum body temperature of 38.6 ℃. Later, the clinical diagnosis was influenza A. The total number of influenza like cases reported in this outbreak is 99, including 92 students and 7 teachers. The total incidence rate was 9.45%. The clinical symptoms of all cases were fever, sore throat, and cough; 27 cases of influenza A were diagnosed by hospital rapid diagnostic reagents. The second grade students had the highest case incidence rate(24.46%), and there was a statistically significant difference in case incidence rates among students of different grades ( χ 2=48.28, P <0.01). The case incidence rate on the second floor was the highest (23.47%), and there was a statistically significant difference between the case incidence rates on different floors ( χ 2=52.38, P < 0.01 ). Etiological testing showed that the influenza virus causing this outbreak was type A H3N2 virus.@*Conclusion@#This outbreak is a campus cluster outbreak caused by influenza A (H3N2) virus. The health and education departments should strengthen cooperation to effectively implement prevention and control measures of infectious diseases, and timely identify the source of infection and cut off the transmission route.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 613-619, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971900

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of a risk assessment model in predicting venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with liver failure after artificial liver support therapy. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 124 patients with liver failure who received artificial liver support therapy in Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School from March 2019 to December 2021, among whom there were 41 patients with VTE (observation group) and 143 patients without VTE (control group). Related clinical data were compared between the two groups, and the Caprini risk assessment model was used for scoring and risk classification of the patients in both groups. The t -test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; the Mann-Whitney U rank sum test was used for comparison of ranked data between two groups. The logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the independent risk factors for VTE in patients with liver failure after artificial liver support therapy. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to investigate the value of Caprini score and the multivariate predictive model used alone or in combination in predicting VTE. Results The observation group had a significantly higher Caprini score than the control group (4.39±1.10 vs 3.12±1.04, t =6.805, P < 0.001). There was a significant difference between the two groups in risk classification based on Caprini scale ( P < 0.05), and the patients with high risk or extremely high risk accounted for a higher proportion among the patients with VTE. The univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences between the two groups in age ( t =6.400, P < 0.001), catheterization method ( χ 2 =14.413, P < 0.001), number of times of artificial liver support therapy ( Z =-4.720, P < 0.001), activity ( Z =-6.282, P < 0.001), infection ( χ 2 =33.071, P < 0.001), D-dimer ( t =8.746, P < 0.001), 28-day mortality rate ( χ 2 =5.524, P =0.022). The multivariate analysis showed that number of times of artificial liver support therapy (X 1 ) (odds ratio [ OR ]=0.251, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.111-0.566, P =0.001), activity (X 2 ) ( OR =0.122, 95% CI : 0.056-0.264, P < 0.001), D-dimer (X 3 ) ( OR =2.921, 95% CI : 1.114-7.662, P =0.029) were independent risk factors for VTE in patients with liver failure after artificial liver support therapy. The equation for individual predicted probability was P =1/[1+e -(7.425-1.384X 1 -2.103X 2 +1.072X 3 ) ]. The ROC curve analysis showed that Caprini score had an area under the ROC curve of 0.802 (95% CI : 0.721-0.882, P < 0.001), and the multivariate model had an area under the ROC curve of 0.768 (95% CI : 0.685-0.851, P < 0.001), while the combination of Caprini score and the multivariate model had an area under the ROC curve of 0.957 (95% CI : 0.930-0.984, P < 0.001). Conclusion The Caprini risk assessment model has a high predictive efficiency for the risk of VTE in patients with liver failure after artificial liver support therapy, and its combination with the multivariate predictive model can significantly improve the prediction of VTE.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 236-239, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960943

ABSTRACT

Myopia is the most common type of refractive error. At present, the characteristics of the low age and rapid growth of myopia in our country are obvious, and the myopia of adolescents and children has become a public health problem of concern to the whole society. Visual experience guides the development of children's refractive state and emmetropization. The occurrence and development of myopia is accompanied by changes in the structure of the eyeball, and the choroid has a thinning trend. The thickness change of the choroid may be determined by blood flow perfusion. Decreased choroidal blood flow perfusion may lead to scleral ischemia and hypoxia, and hypoxia induces scleral matrix remodeling and axial length growth. This article reviews the relationship between choroidal blood flow and myopia, and suggests the significance of paying attention to choroidal changes in the prevention and control of myopia.

10.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 73-77, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970986

ABSTRACT

Patients with congenital unilateral absence of the vas deferens (CUAVD) manifest diverse symptoms from normospermia to azoospermia. Treatment for CUAVD patients with obstructive azoospermia (OA) is complicated, and there is a lack of relevant reports. In this study, we describe the clinical features and evaluate the treatments and outcomes of CUAVD patients with OA. From December 2015 to December 2020, 33 patients were diagnosed as CUAVD with OA in Shanghai General Hospital (Shanghai, China). Patient information, ultrasound findings, semen analysis, hormone profiles, and treatment information were collected, and the clinical outcomes were evaluated. Of 33 patients, 29 patients were retrospectively analyzed. Vasoepididymostomy (VE) or cross VE was performed in 12 patients, the patency rate was 41.7% (5/12), and natural pregnancy was achieved in one of the patients. The other 17 patients underwent testicular sperm extraction as the distal vas deferens (contralateral side) was obstructed. These findings showed that VE or cross VE remains an alternative treatment for CUAVD patients with OA, even with a relatively low rate of patency and natural pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Male , Vas Deferens/abnormalities , Azoospermia/surgery , Epididymis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , China , Semen
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970894

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out preimplantation genetic testing for monogenic/single gene disorders (PGT-M) for a Chinese family affected with Molybdenum co-factor deficiency due to pathogenic variant of MOCS2 gene.@*METHODS@#A family with molybdenum co-factor deficiency who attended to the Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in April 2020 was selected as the research subject. Trophoblast cells were biopsied from blastocysts fertilized by intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Embryos carrying the MOCS2 gene variant and chromosome copy number variation (CNV) of more than 4 Mb were detected by single-cell whole genome amplification, high-throughput sequencing and single nucleotide polymorphism typing. Embryos without or carrying the heterozygous variant and without abnormal chromosome CNV were transplanted. During mid-pregnancy, amniotic fluid sample was collected for prenatal diagnosis to verify the results of PGT-M.@*RESULTS@#Eleven oocytes were obtained, among which three blastocysts were formed through culturing. Results of genetic testing suggested that one embryo was heterozygous for the maternally derived MOCS2 gene variant and without chromosomal CNV. Following embryo transfer, intrauterine singleton pregnancy was attained. Prenatal diagnosis by amniocentesis at 18 weeks of gestation revealed that the MOCS2 gene variant and chromosomal analysis results were both consistent with that of PGT-M, and a healthy male infant was born at 37+5 weeks of gestation.@*CONCLUSION@#PGT-M has helped the couple carrying the MOCS2 gene variant to have a healthy offspring, and may become an important method for couples carrying other pathogenic genetic variants.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Aneuploidy , China , DNA Copy Number Variations , Genetic Testing/methods , Preimplantation Diagnosis/methods , Metal Metabolism, Inborn Errors/genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970625

ABSTRACT

To compare the pancreatic proteomics and autophagy between Rehmanniae Radix-and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata-treated mice with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM). The T2DM mouse model was established by high-fat diet coupled with streptozotocin(STZ, intraperitoneal injection, 100 mg·kg~(-1), once a day for three consecutive days). The mice were then randomly assigned into a control group, low-(5 g·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(15 g·kg~(-1)) Rehmanniae Radix groups, low-(150 mg·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(300 mg·kg~(-1)) catalpol groups, low-(5 g·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(15 g·kg~(-1)) Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata groups, low-(150 mg·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(300 mg·kg~(-1)) 5-hydroxymethyl furfuraldehyde(5-HMF) groups, and a metformin(250 mg·kg~(-1)) group. In addition, a normal group was also set and each group included 8 mice. The pancreas was collected after four weeks of administration and proteomics tools were employed to study the effects of Rehmanniae Radix and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata on protein expression in the pancreas of T2DM mice. The expression levels of proteins involved in autophagy, inflammation, and oxidative stress response in the pancreatic tissues of T2DM mice were determined by western blotting, immunohistochemical assay, and transmission electron microscopy. The results showed that the differential proteins between the model group and Rehmanniae Radix/Rehmanniae Radix Prae-parata group were enriched in 7 KEGG pathways, such as autophagy-animal, which indicated that the 7 pathways may be associated with T2DM. Compared with the control group, drug administration significantly up-regulated the expression levels of beclin1 and phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin(p-mTOR)/mTOR and down-regulated those of the inflammation indicators, Toll-like receptor-4(TLR4) and Nod-like receptor protein 3(NLRP3), in the pancreas of T2DM mice, and Rehmanniae Radix showed better performance. In addition, the expression levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2), and heine oxygenase-1(HO-1) in the pancreas of T2DM mice were down-regulated after drug administration, and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata demonstrated better performance. The results indicate that both Rehmanniae Radix and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata can alleviate the inflammatory symptoms, reduce oxidative stress response, and increase the autophagy level in the pancreas of T2DM mice, while they exert the effect on different autophagy pathways.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics , Streptozocin/pharmacology , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Proteomics , Inflammation , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Autophagy , Mammals
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982279

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To derive the Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome classification and subgroup syndrome characteristics of ischemic stroke patients.@*METHODS@#By extracting the CM clinical electronic medical records (EMRs) of 7,170 hospitalized patients with ischemic stroke from 2016 to 2018 at Weifang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong Province, China, a patient similarity network (PSN) was constructed based on the symptomatic phenotype of the patients. Thereafter the efficient community detection method BGLL was used to identify subgroups of patients. Finally, subgroups with a large number of cases were selected to analyze the specific manifestations of clinical symptoms and CM syndromes in each subgroup.@*RESULTS@#Seven main subgroups of patients with specific symptom characteristics were identified, including M3, M2, M1, M5, M0, M29 and M4. M3 and M0 subgroups had prominent posterior circulatory symptoms, while M3 was associated with autonomic disorders, and M4 manifested as anxiety; M2 and M4 had motor and motor coordination disorders; M1 had sensory disorders; M5 had more obvious lung infections; M29 had a disorder of consciousness. The specificity of CM syndromes of each subgroup was as follows. M3, M2, M1, M0, M29 and M4 all had the same syndrome as wind phlegm pattern; M3 and M0 both showed hyperactivity of Gan (Liver) yang pattern; M2 and M29 had similar syndromes, which corresponded to intertwined phlegm and blood stasis pattern and phlegm-stasis obstructing meridians pattern, respectively. The manifestations of CM syndromes often appeared in a combination of 2 or more syndrome elements. The most common combination of these 7 subgroups was wind-phlegm. The 7 subgroups of CM syndrome elements were specifically manifested as pathogenic wind, pathogenic phlegm, and deficiency pathogens.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There were 7 main symptom similarity-based subgroups in ischemic stroke patients, and their specific characteristics were obvious. The main syndromes were wind phlegm pattern and hyperactivity of Gan yang pattern.


Subject(s)
Humans , Syndrome , Ischemic Stroke , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Liver , Phenotype
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986545

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common pathological type of primary liver cancer, with high fatality rate. The pathogenesis of HCC is complex, and the specific occurrence and development mechanism is still in the exploratory stage. CircRNA is a special endogenous noncoding RNA and mainly participates in the regulation of gene expression at the transcriptional and posttranscriptional levels. By regulating gene transcription, it acts as a molecular sponge of miRNA, participates in protein translation, and interacts with RNA binding protein (RBP). CircRNA is involved in the occurrence and development of HCC. Its abnormal expression in HCC cells is related to the pathological characteristics of HCC tissue, regulates the expression of downstream target genes, miRNA and proteins, participates in the proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis of HCC cells, and regulates tumor microenvironment and signal pathways, suggesting that circRNA may be a potential novel biomarker and therapeutic target for the diagnosis and prognosis of HCC. This paper reviews the biological mechanism of circRNA, its role in HCC, and research progress in diagnosis and treatment.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958090

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the diagnosis and respiratory outcomes of preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) based on two criteria and to analyze the criteria's predictive value for adverse respiratory system outcomes.Methods:Clinical data of preterm infants with gestational age less than 32 weeks admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2014 to September 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The diagnosis and classification of all the subjects were based on two definitions developed by the American National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) in 2001 and 2018. The severity of pulmonary diseases in eligible infants was quantified with pulmonary scores. The incidence of BPD and respiratory outcomes in infants diagnosed with the two criteria were compared. The logistic predictive model was adopted to analyze the predictive value of the two criteria for adverse long-term respiratory outcomes.Results:The study enrolled 240 infants, among which 138 (57.5%) were male. Infants who met the 2001 and 2018 definitions of BPD accounted for 52.9% (127/240) and 24.0% (57/237), respectively. The rate of pneumonia, mechanical ventilation duration, and overall oxygen duration of the infants who met the 2018 definition were significantly higher or longer than those who met the 2001 definition [84.2% (48/57) vs. 63.7%(79/124), χ2=7.84; 24.0 d (7.0-34.5 d) vs. 9.0 d (4.0-26.0 d), Z=-3.01; 66.0 d (49.0-81.5) vs. 47.0 d (38.0-63.8 d), Z=-3.86, P<0.01]. The incidence of adverse respiratory system outcomes and death of the infants who met the 2018 definition were significantly higher than those who met the 2001 definition [38.6% (17/44) vs. 20.9% (19/91), P<0.05]. Of the 180 infants diagnosed with BPD using the 2001 definition, 67 did not meet the 2018 definition and were all discharged before a corrected age of 45 weeks without oxygen requirement. Only 4.3% (2/47) of those with follow-up data were re-hospitalized twice or more due to pulmonary diseases. The predicted value of the 2018 definition for early death or adverse respiratory outcomes in infants was significantly higher than that of 2001, with the areas under the curves of 0.871 and 0.840, respectively. The area difference under the curve was 0.031 ( Z=2.09, P=0.037). Conclusions:Compared with the one in 2001, the 2018 definition of BPD is stricter, which could be able to identify BPD infants with severer pulmonary status and outcomes and is unlikely to miss cases with adverse respiratory outcomes. The 2018 definition performs well in predicting death or adverse respiratory outcomes in early infancy.

16.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 1021-1025, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957777

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of a skin care ointment containing oligomeric maltose X in the adjuvant treatment of eczema-related pruritus.Methods:A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled clinical study was conducted. From March to September 2021, outpatients with mild to moderate eczema were collected from departments of dermatology of 4 hospitals, including Beijing Friendship Hospital, Hebei Traditional Chinese Medical Hospital, the Third People′s Hospital of Hubei Province, and Taizhou Central Hospital in Zhejiang Province. The patients were randomly divided into two groups by using a random number table: observation group topically treated with a skin care ointment containing oligomeric maltose X, and vehicle control group topically treated with an ointment vehicle. The ointments were applied during the attacks of itching for 14 consecutive days. Visits were scheduled before, 7, and 14 days after the start of the adjuvant treatment. The efficacy was evaluated according to the eczema area and severity index (EASI) and visual analog scale (VAS) , and adverse events were recorded. The efficacy and safety analyses were conducted by using chi-square test and t test. Results:Totally, 232 patients with eczema were enrolled, including 90 males and 142 females, with the age being 40.13 ± 13.36 years; 156 patients were in the observation group, and 76 in the vehicle control group. Before the adjuvant treatment, there were no significant differences in EASI (2.07 ± 2.24 points vs. 2.29 ± 2.28 points) or VAS (6.22 ± 1.78 points vs. 6.20 ± 1.79 points) scores between the observation group and vehicle control group ( t = -0.70, 0.06, P = 0.486, 0.955, respectively) . After one-day treatment, the VAS scores significantly decreased compared with the baseline scores in the two groups ( P < 0.001, P = 0.003, respectively) . After 14-day treatment, the VAS score was significantly lower in the observation group (2.67 points) than in the vehicle control group (3.35 points; t = -2.28, P = 0.024) . After 7- and 14-day treatment, the EASI scores significantly decreased compared with the baseline scores in both the two groups (all P < 0.001) , but there were no significant differences between the two groups ( P = 0.853, 0.731) . No adjuvant treatment-related adverse events were recorded in either of the two groups. Conclusion:The skin care ointment containing oligomeric maltose X is safe and effective in the adjuvant treatment of eczema-related pruritus, and can be applied to clinical practice.

17.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 540-544, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957424

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the efficacy and safety of radium-223 in the treatment of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC).Methods:The clinical data of 22 patients with mCRPC treated with radium-223 in the Chongqing University Cancer Hospital from January 2021 to January 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. The average age was (70.7±1.3)years old. There were 7 cases with ECOG score of 1 and 15 cases with ECOG score of 2. There were 7 cases with grade 2 and 15 cases with grade 3 bone metastasis. For mCRPC, 1 case (4.6%) received first-line treatment, 4 cases (18.2%) received second-line treatment, 10 cases (45.5%) received third-line treatment, 4 cases (18.2%) received fourth-line treatment, and 3 cases (13.6%) received fifth-line treatment. The median time from the diagnosis of mCRPC to the start of radium-223 treatment was 29 (20, 34) months. Radium-223 (55kbq/kg) was injected intravenously every 4 weeks for up to 6 cycles. Before treatment, the median alkaline phosphatase (ALP) was 147.0 (101.8, 212.5)U/L, the median prostate specific antigen (PSA) was 44.7(20.2, 99.1)ng/ml, and 6 patients (27.3%) were complicated with grade 1-2 anemia. The median hemoglobin was 115.0 (103.8, 122.5) g/L, the average neutrophil was (3.0 ± 0.3)×10 9/L, and the average platelet was (169.8 ± 17.0)×10 9/L. The overall survival (OS), radiographic progression-free survival time (rPFS), time to PSA progression, PSA response rate, pain response rate, and time to pain progression were analyzed. Stratified analysis was carried out according to the number of treatment lines experienced before radium-223 treatment. At the same time, the main adverse reactions during radium-223 treatment were analyzed. Results:The mean number of treatment courses with radium-223 was 2.7(ranging 1 to 6), with 4 patients completing 6 courses, 12 (54.6%) completing ≥ 3 courses, and 10 (45.5%) completing < 3 courses. Thirteen patients (59.1%) were treated with radium-223 alone and 9 (40.9%) in combination with other treatments (1 of docetaxel chemotherapy, 2 of enzalutamide, 3 of olaparib, and 3 of estramustine phosphate). None of the patients in this group were treated with bisphosphonates. Ten patients (45.5%) in this group died, all due to disease progression. The median overall survival time of the 22 cases was 11.0 (2.2, 19.8) months. Three patients (13.6%), 7 patients (31.8%), 3 patients (13.6%), and 1 patient (4.5%) showed radiographic progression at 2, 3, 4, and 10 months after treatment, respectively, while the remaining 8 patients (36.4%) did not show radiographic progression during the follow-up period, and the median radiographic progression free time for the 22 patients was 4.0 (3.1, 4.9) months. There were four cases (18.2%) showed PSA response, of which three cases (13.6%) showed PSA rising again later, and one case (4.5%) showed continuous PSA decline. The median time to PSA progression for the 22 patients was 3.6 (2.2, 5.1) months. Fifteen patients (68.2%) experienced pain response at 1 month of treatment, of whom 5 (22.7%) experienced increased pain later and 10 (45.5%) experienced sustained pain relief. The median time to pain progression was 5.5 (3.5, 7.6) months in 22 patients. No patients received radiotherapy or surgery for pain, and no patients experienced fracture. In this group, 7 patients (31.8%) had a post-treatment ALP decrease ≥30% from baseline. Major adverse events during radium-223 treatment were all grade 1 to 2 events, no grade ≥3 adverse events, and no treatment discontinuers due to adverse events.Conclusions:Radium-223 resulted in high pain response rates and prolonged OS, rPFS and time to PSA progression in patients with mCRPC. Adverse effects were low during treatment. The conclusions need to be validated by further expansion of the sample size and extended follow-up.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955917

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of chemotherapy combined with sorafenib on the prognosis of FLT3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD)-positive acute myeloid leukemia and to find a more effective treatment.Methods:The clinical data of 60 patients who were newly diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia and who received treatment in The Second Affiliated Hospital of Qiqihar Medical University from January 2015 to January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into three groups according to whether they were positive for FLT3-ITD and the treatment method they used. The observation group (FLT3-ITD-positive, n = 19) were treated with sorafenib based on routine chemotherapy. The control group 1 (FLT3-ITD-positive, n = 21) was treated only with routine chemotherapy. The control group 2 (FLT3-ITD-negative, n = 20) was treated only with routine chemotherapy. After the first and fourth courses of treatment, clinical efficacy was compared among the three groups. Results:After the first course of treatment, the complete remission rate in control group 2 was 50.0% (10/20), which was significantly higher than 15.8% (3/19) in the observation group and 4.8% (1/21) in the control group 1 ( H = 13.39, P < 0.05). After the fourth course of treatment, the complete remission rate in the observation group, control group 2, and control group 1 was 63.2% (12/19), 60.0% (12/20), and 4.8% (1/21), respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( H = 19.21, P < 0.05). Four-year follow-up results showed that the median survival time in the observation group, control group 1, and control group 2 was 36.63, 24.15, and 45.00 months respectively. The event-free survival in the observation group, control group 1, and control group 2 was 18.00, 9.82, and 24.90 months, respectively. The median survival time and the event-free survival in the control group 2 were significantly longer than those in the observation group and control group 1 ( χ2 = 19.93, 23.04, both P < 0.001). Conclusion:Chemotherapy combined with sorafenib for treating newly-diagnosed FLT3-ITD-positive acute myeloid leukemia can provide comprehensive benefits and have advantages for survival over chemotherapy without sorafenib and chemotherapy alone.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936152

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of microsurgery and endovascular embolization in the treatment of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) by meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#A systematic review was performed to retrieve all relevant literature about surgical treatment or endovascular embolization of SDAVF up to December 2019 through PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials Results, CNKI, Wanfang Data, and SinoMed. The Chinese and English key words included: "SDAVF", "spinal dural arteriovenous fistula", "spinal AVM", "spinal vascular malformation and treatment". The included studies were evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. The early failure rate, long-term recurrence, neurological recovery, and complications were evaluated and the clinical effects of the two methods in the treatment of SDAVF were compared by using RevMan 5.3 software. And a further subgroup analysis of the therapeutic effect of endovascular embolization with different embolic agents was conducted.@*RESULTS@#A total of 46 studies involving 1 958 cases of SDAVF were included, in which 935 cases were treated by microsurgery and 1 023 cases were treated by endovascular embolization. The funnel plot demonstrated that there was no publication bias. The results of meta-analysis showed that the incidence of early surgical failure was lower than that of endovascular embolization (OR=0.20, 95%CI: 0.13-0.30, P < 0.05), and the long-term recurrence was also lower than that of endovascular embolization (OR=0.36, 95%CI: 0.22-0.58, P < 0.05). The improvement of neurological function in the surgical patients is significantly higher than that in the patients treated with endovascular embolization (OR=2.86, 95%CI: 1.36-5.99, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the occurrence of complications in these two groups (OR=1.52, 95%CI: 0.88-2.64, P=0.14). In the cases of endovascular embolization, the risk of treatment failure or recurrence was higher with Onyx glue than with n-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA), and the difference was statistically significant (OR=4.70, 95%CI: 1.55-14.28, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Although the treatment of dural arteriovenous fistulas by intravascular embolization has been widely used, the clinical effect of microsurgery is still better than that of endovascular embolization. Large scale and high-quality randomized controlled trials are required to validate the efficacy and safety of endovascular treatment in SDAVF patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations/surgery , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Enbucrilate/therapeutic use , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Microsurgery/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931135

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of hemodialysis and conventional treatment on the heart function of elderly patients with chronic renal heart syndrome(CRCS).Methods:Sixty elderly patients with CRCS who were admitted to Qinhuangdao Port Hospital from July 2017 to July 2018 were selected and divided into the observation group (received hemodialysis and conventional treatment) and the control group (received conventional treatment) according to the random number table method, each group with 30 patients. The levels of left ventricular end-systolic dimension (LVESD) and left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVEDD), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left atrium anterior and posterior diameter (LAD) before and after treatment of two weeks were compared between two groups, the levels of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), cystatin C (CysC), creatinine (Cr) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CPR), interleukin 6 (IL-6) before and after treatment for two week were compared between two groups, and the safety of the two treatment methods was evaluated.Results:After treatment, the levels of LVESD, LVEDD, LAD in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: (26.13 ± 1.28) mm vs. (29.09 ± 1.26) mm, (47.58 ± 1.22) mm vs. (51.34 ± 1.49) mm, (30.02 ± 0.83) mm vs. (33.15 ± 1.02) mm, the level of LVEF in the observation group was higher than that in the control group: (39.63 ± 5.21)% vs. (35.77 ± 4.93)%, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of NT-proBNP, BUN, CysC and Cr in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: (1 089.31 ± 243.29) ng/L vs. (2 990.56 ± 531.22) ng/L, (16.08 ± 3.35) mmol/L vs.(21.93 ± 4.21) mmol/L, (0.35 ± 0.11) mg/L vs. (0.57 ± 0.18 mg/L, (251.62 ± 29.28) μmol/L vs. (290.66 ± 38.12) μmol/L, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of TNF-α, hs-CPR and IL-6 in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: (149.26 ± 19.53) μg/L vs. (182.33 ± 20.25) μg/L, (4.02 ± 1.33) mg/L vs. (5.38 ± 1.57) mg/L, (18.91 ± 3.11) μg/L vs. (22.45 ± 3.82) μg/L, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions during the treatment in the two groups had no significant difference ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The use of hemodialysis on the basis of conventional treatment can improve the heart and kidney function of elderly patients with CRCS, and this method is beneficial to alleviate left heart dilation and inflammation. It is a safe and effective treatment method.

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