Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 615
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889898

ABSTRACT

Laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinomas are common malignant tumors of the head and neck, and the incidence of both is increasing. Laryngopharyngeal reflux refers to the retrograde flow of gastric contents into the larynx, oropharynx, and/or nasopharynx. It remains controversial whether laryngopharyngeal reflux is a risk factor for laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers. The refluxing substances mainly include hydrochloric acid, pepsin, and occasionally bile acids and bile salts, as well as bacteria that colonize the gastrointestinal tract. Loss of epithelium in the mucous membrane of the larynx and hypopharynx is thought to be caused by pepsin. Here, we review the relationships between laryngopharyngeal reflux and both laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinomas, as well as the significance of pepsin, methods of clinical detection, and the mechanism of carcinogenesis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907352

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between 24 h blood pressure variability and early neurological improvement (ENI) in patients with large vessel occlusion (LVO) after endovascular thrombectomy (ET).Methods:Patients with LVO received ET in the Emergency Department, the Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from January 2012 to February 2018 were enrolled retrospectively. During the first 24 h after ET, the blood pressure was recorded every 2 h, and blood pressure variability was evaluated by standard deviation (SD) and successive variation (SV). At 24 h after ET, the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was evaluated again. The re-evaluation of 0 point or a decrease of ≥4 from the baseline score was defined as ENI. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between blood pressure variability and ENI. Results:A total of 74 patients with LVO received ET were enrolled, of which 39 (52.7%) had ENI. Univariate analysis showed that the proportion of patients with good recanalization in the ENI group after procedure were significantly higher than that in the non-ENI group ( P<0.05), while the average systolic blood pressure, average diastolic blood pressure, systolic blood pressure variability (SBPV) -SD and SBPV-SV within 24 h after ET and baseline total cholesterol level were significantly lower than those in the non-ENI group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that higher SBPV-SV was an independent risk factor for non-ENI (odds ratio 1.223, 95% confidence interval 1.038-1.440; P=0.016). Conclusion:Higher SBPV-SV after ET is associated with poor early neurological improvement in patients with LVO, and it is expected to be a potential target for blood pressure management in patients after ET.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3261-3267, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906844

ABSTRACT

This research aimed at the key issue that chemical drugs and Chinese medicine hydrophilic small molecule anti-tumor drugs were difficult to break through the dense interstitial permeability barrier of pancreatic cancer to achieve the key problem of drug efficacy in the deep part of tumor tissue. To solve this problem, the lipophilic molecule squalene (SQ) and the hydrophilic anti-tumor drug chidamide (CHI) were linked by a trypsin responsive bond to form a prodrug (SQ-CHI) and a folic acid modified prodrug self-assembled nanoparticles (FA-SQ-CHI NPs) were further developed. The feature of prodrug molecules and nanoparticles were characterized. The in vitro release characteristics and cytotoxicity of blank vector were investigated. The efficacy and permeability of the prodrug nanoparticles in the PSN-1 monolayer cell and PSN-1/HSPC co-cultured tumor spheroids model was evaluated. The results showed that SQ-CHI prodrug molecules and FA-SQ-CHI NPs were successfully developed. The nanoparticles were regular spherical, well-dispersed, with a particle size of (173.3 ± 1.5) nm, a drug load of (59.02 ± 0.8) % and showed trypsin responsive release ability. The prodrug nanoparticles can significantly enhance the penetration and anti-proliferation effects of CHI in the PSN-1/HSPC tumor spheroids. In conclusion, the construction of folic acid-modified SQ-CHI prodrug self-assembled nanoparticles can significantly enhance the penetration of CHI in the pancreatic cancer microenvironment in vitro. This research would provide a new idea for the construction of targeted drug delivery system for chemical drugs and Chinese medicine hydrophilic small molecule drugs in the application of anti-pancreatic cancer.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906600

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the application of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in hemodynamic evaluation of aortic root reconstruction. Methods    The clinical data of 1 patient with severe aortic valve stenosis was analyzed. Enhanced CT images were used as the original data, and professional software was used to reconstruct the three-dimensional (3D) model and fluid mechanics simulation of the aorta (including preoperative, postoperative and ideal conditions). Results    The 3D reconstruction model could directly present the distribution of valve calcification and the dilatation of the ascending aorta. The remodeled sinotubular junction and sinus structure were observed in the model under postoperative and ideal conditions. The improvement of ascending aorta dilatation was evaluated statistically by the diameter distribution before and after surgery. CFD simulation showed that the area of high flow velocity, pressure intensity and wall shear stress before surgery were consistent with the expansion area of the ascending aorta, and the restricted blood flow acceleration was observed at the angle between the arch and the descending aorta. In the ideal condition, the streamline of blood at the descending aorta was more stable and flat compared with preoperative or postoperative conditions, and there was no obvious abnormal high pressure and high wall shear stress area in the ascending aorta. The cardiopulmonary bypass time was 106 min, of which the aortic cross-clamp time was 60 min. The cardiac echocardiography indicated that the aortic valve worked well, and the peak systolic blood velocity was 1.7 m/s. The length of hospital stay after surgery was 12 d, including 2 d in ICU. The ventilator use time was 11.6 h. The patient did not have any remarkable discomfort during the 1-year follow-up. Conclusion    CFD can be used to evaluate anatomic and hemodynamic abnormalities before aortic root reconstruction surgery. Postoperative reconstruction simulation can be performed again to evaluate the surgical effect, and meanwhile, virtual improvement can be tried for the unresolved problems to accumulate diagnosis and treatment experience, so as to provide patients with more accurate and personalized diagnosis and treatment procedure.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905810

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of 8 clusters of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Chenzhou City, and provide scientific basis for epidemic prevention and control. Methods:Descriptive epidemiological analysis was conducted for 8 COVID-19 clusters, comparing and analyzing the differences of infection rates among close contacts within and outside the family, and emphatically describing two typical cases. Results:8 COVID-19 clusters were reported in Chenzhou with a total of 31 cases from January to February, 2020. The main source of infection of the family index cases was Hubei Province. Cough symptoms were observed in 67.74% of the cases, followed by fever (54.84%). The infection rate of close contacts within the family (55.00%) was higher than that outside the family (2.56%), and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=28.177, P<0.001). The infection rate of spouse of the family index cases was 85.71%, higher than that of parents (77.78%), other family members (44.44%) and children (40.00%), and the difference was not statistically significant (χ2=6.004, P=0.120). Two typical cases suggested that both COVID-19 pre-symptomatic and asymptomatic patients have the potential to excrete the virus from the body and become sources of infection. Conclusion:Effective family prevention and control measures and early sampling and screening of people in key epidemic areas are conducive to early detection, early isolation and early treatment of infected people, so as to avoid the occurrence and spread of family clusters.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905256

ABSTRACT

Objective:To development a management program of hand function rehabilitation for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods:Based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, the primary version of management program of hand function rehabilitation for patients with rheumatoid arthritis was developed after evidence-based research and group discussion. The primary version was consulted to 15 experts twice with Delphi method, and revised as the final program. Results:The enthusiasm of experts was 100% in both rounds, the authority coefficient of experts was 0.90, and the Kendall's W coefficient was 0.204 in the first round and 0.202 in the second round. The final program included an item of evaluation and 19 items of intervention in four dimensions: body function, body structure, activity and participation, and environmental factors. Conclusion:A management program of hand function rehabilitation for patients with rheumatoid arthritis has been prepared for further clinical evaluation.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897602

ABSTRACT

Laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinomas are common malignant tumors of the head and neck, and the incidence of both is increasing. Laryngopharyngeal reflux refers to the retrograde flow of gastric contents into the larynx, oropharynx, and/or nasopharynx. It remains controversial whether laryngopharyngeal reflux is a risk factor for laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers. The refluxing substances mainly include hydrochloric acid, pepsin, and occasionally bile acids and bile salts, as well as bacteria that colonize the gastrointestinal tract. Loss of epithelium in the mucous membrane of the larynx and hypopharynx is thought to be caused by pepsin. Here, we review the relationships between laryngopharyngeal reflux and both laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinomas, as well as the significance of pepsin, methods of clinical detection, and the mechanism of carcinogenesis.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1780-1784, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of RITA on TP53 mutant human mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) cell line Mino and its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Mino cells were cultured in RPMI-1640 and treated with RITA at a concentration of 0-16 μmol/L for 24,48,72 hours. Cell viability was assessed by CCK-8 assay. The cells were treated by RITA (0-8 μmol/L) for 48 h, the cell apoptosis induced by RITA was detected by annexin V/PI flow cytometry. Western blot was performed to evaluate the expression of protein BCL-2, Caspase-3, Cleaved Caspase-3, PARP, MDM2, and P53 in Mino cells.@*RESULTS@#After treatment with 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16 μmol/L RITA for 48 h, the proliferation inhibition rate of Mino cells was (1.2±5.6)%, (14.9±4.9)%, (41.7±5.0)%, (61.8±2.4)%, (70.2±2.8)%, and (70.8±2.4)%, respectively. RITA could inhibit the proliferation of Mino cells significantly, and statistical analysis showed that the inhibition rate was increased with the increasing of RITA concentration (r=0.767). After the cells were treated by 4 μmol/L RITA for 24, 48, and 72 h, the proliferation inhibition rate was (25.2±3.8)%, (61.8±2.4)%, and (87.0±0.7)%, respectively. Satistical analysis showed that the inhibition rate was also increased with the increasing of treatment time (r=0.978). The apoptosis rate of Mino cells treated by 0, 2, 4, and 8 μmol/L RITA for 48 h was (5.4±0.4)%, (15.3±0.6)%, (38.7±1.7)%, and (50.8±1.1)%, respectively, and it showed dose-dependent manner (r=0.961). Western blot showed that with the increasing of RITA concentration, the BCL-2 protein expression was decreased in a dose-dependent manner (r=0.932), moreover, PARP cleavage and Caspase-3 activation were found, while the protein expression of MDM2 and P53 showed no change.@*CONCLUSION@#RITA can inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of Mino cells significantly. The mechanism may be dependent on the Caspase pathway, but independent on the P53 pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival , Furans , Humans , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell , Mutation , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
9.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1202-1207, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911858

ABSTRACT

Parkinson′s disease is a neurodegenerative disease with characteristic motor symptoms. Due to its increasing disease burden, it has been received widespread attention worldwide. At present, its diagnosis, differential diagnosis, assessment of symptoms and therapeutic effect mostly rely on the clinical experience of medical staff and the subjective feelings of patients, while lack objective and quantitative evaluation criteria. Gait analysis can quantify gait abnormalities by collecting spatiotemporal parameters in the walking cycle, providing new ideas for early identification, accurate discovery of disease progression, and reasonable selection of therapies of Parkinson′s disease. In the future, with the further improvement and maturity of gait analysis technology, it may become an indispensable and important method in the diagnosis and treatment of Parkinson′s disease.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of Kinesio Taping combined with electroacupuncture in the treatment of patellofemoral disorder in middle-aged and elderly exercise enthusiasts.@*METHODS@#From April 2018 to April 2020, 62 middle-aged and elderly exercisers with patellofemoral disorder were selected and divided into observation group and control group. In the observation group, there were 30 cases:12 males and 18 females, aged from 35 to 66 years old, with an average age of (48.32±6.80) years old. The observation group was treated with Kinesio Taping and electroacupuncture . In the control group, there were 32 cases:12 males and 20 females, aged from 35 to 67 years old, with an averageage of (48.67±8.13) years old. The patients in the control group was treated with knee electroacupuncture. All the patients in both groups were treated once every other day, 3 times a week, for a total of 4 weeks. The VAS pain score and knee Lysholm score before and after treatment were compared between the two groups before and after treatment, and statistical analysis was conducted.@*RESULTS@#In the control group, 2 patients were not satisfied with the curative effect after 2 weeks of treatment and gave up treatment, while the remaining 60 patients completed all the treatments. After 4 weeks of treatment, the VAS and Lyshlom scores of the control group were 2.73±1.46 and 75.63±8.62 respectively;the VAS and Lyshlom scores of the observation group were 2.02±1.85 and 83.31±5.53 respectively;the VAS and Lyshlom scores of the observation group and the control group were better than those before treatment, and the Lyshlom scores of the observation group were better than those of the control group.@*CONCLUSION@#Kinesio Taping combined with electroacupuncture is aimed at patellofemoral disorderof middle-aged and elderly sports enthusiasts. It has little trauma, can relieve pain and has a fast onset speed, which is readily accepted by patients, and promotes the rehabilitation of knee joint function of patients, thus providing a favorable reference for the promotion in clinical application.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Athletic Tape , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Knee Joint , Male , Middle Aged , Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887896

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the related factors of pathological complete response(pCR)of patients with gastric cancer treated by neoadjuvant therapy and resection,and to analyze the risk factors of prognosis. Methods The clinical and pathological data of 490 patients with gastric cancer who received neoadjuvant therapy followed by radical gastrectomy from January to December in 2008 were retrospectively analyzed.Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the risk factors affecting pCR and prognosis. Results Among the 490 patients,41 achieved pCR,and the overall pCR rate was 8.3%(41/490).The pCR rate was 16.0% in the neoadjuvant chemoradiation group and 6.4% in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group.The results of multivariate analysis showed that neoadjuvant chemoradiation(


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
12.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 219-227, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885406

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features and pathological changes of peripheral tissues from patients with neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID) diagnosed by genetic tests.Methods:Repeat-primed polymerase chain reaction was used to confirm the GGC repeated expansion in the 5′ untranslated region of the NOTCH2NLC gene in patients with suspected NIID who had visited the Department of Neurology of Peking University First Hospital from January 2018 to February 2020. The clinical data and pathological changes of peripheral tissues from patients with genetically diagnosed NIID were collected retrospectively and analysed. Immunostaining with anti-p62 and anti-ubiquitin antibody was performed on peripheral biopsy specimens.Results:Totally nine patients with NIID who had GGC repeated expansion in the NOTCH2NLC gene were found. Five patients were familial (from three faimilies), and four patients were sporadic. The age of onset was 36-61(51.33±7.12) years. The most common symptoms in this NIID group were episodic emotion and personality change (8/9), paroxysmal disturbance of consciousness (6/9) and intermitant head discomfort (6/9). Other symptoms included cognitive dysfunction, limb weakness, limb sensory disturbance, bladder dysfunction, ataxia, seizures and psychiatric symptoms. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed high signals along the corticomedullary junction on diffusion-weighted image in eight out of nine patients. Skin biopsied samples from nine patients demonstrated the presence of eosinophilic intranuclear inclusions (IIs), appearing in the nucleus of fibroblasts, fat cells and ductal epithelial cells of sweat glands on hematoxylin-eosin staining. IIs were positive on anti-p62 and anti-ubiquitin immunostaining. Electron microscopy indicated the IIs were composed of a pile of filament materials without membrane. Muscle biopsies from two patients showed no obvious neurogenic or myogenic pathologic changes, except in one patient several rimmed vacuoles fibers were found. In one patient sural nerve biopsy showed severe demyelinating pathological changes. No IIs were found in the muscles and peripheral nerve tissue either by histological examination or by immunohistochemical staining with anti-p62 or anti-ubiquitin, while IIs were found by immunofluorescence staining with both anti-p62 and anti-ubiquitin in three patient′s tissue. Conclusions:The phenotype of this NIID patient group is adult-onset NIID, with episodic encephalopathy as the main clinical manifestation. Skin biopsy has high pathological diagnostic value for NIID. The immunofluorescence staining with anti-p62 and anti-ubiquitin is easier to detect the presence of IIs than histological staining and immumohistochemical staining.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885282

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate salvage surgery in patients with early gastric cancer after noncurative endoscopic resection .Method:A total of 56 cases with early gastric cancer receiving salvage surgery after noncurative endoscopic resection were enrolled and the clinicopathological and follow-up information were analyzed to evaluate the necessity and safety of salvage surgery.Results:Among the 44(79%)patients with submucosal invasion, 38 (68%) were with SM2 (invasion submucosal invasion≥500 μm) according to the pathological results after endoscopic resection. 33 (59%)cases had positive margin. The rate of lymph node metastasis and positive residual tumor as found by salvage gastrectomy were 11% (6/56) and 25% (14/56) . In the multivariate analysis, deeper submucosal invasion resulted as independent risk factor for residual tumor( OR=1.001, 95% CI=1.000-1.002, P=0.036). Among the 12(21%)cases with postoperative complications, 3 (5%)underwent unplanned reoperations because of anastomotic or intra-abdominal bleeding. There was no difference in the number of retrieved lymph nodes and rate of postoperative complications between laparoscopic and open surgery(all P>0.05). Conclusion:For patients with the risk factors of lymph node metastasis after noncurative endoscopic resection, salvage surgery was necessary and laparoscopic approach was safe and feasible.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882387

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and clinical outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods:From July 2014 to October 2017, patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to Jiangsu Shengze Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University were enrolled retrospectively. Their demographic and baseline clinical and laboratory data were collected. The modified Rankin Scale was used to evaluate the clinical outcome at 3 months after the onset of symptoms. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent correlation between SCH and clinical outcome of patients with acute ischemic stroke. Results:A total of 200 patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled, including 107 males (53.5%) and 93 females (46.5%). Their age was 69.67±11.38 years. There were 45 patients (22.5%) with SCH, 160 (80.0%) with good outcomes, and 40 (20.0%) had poor outcomes. Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in the baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, stroke etiology classification and the proportion of patients with SCH between the poor outcome group and the good outcome group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that high NIHSS score (odds ratio 2.884, 95% confidence interval 2.005-4.147; P=0.001) and SCH (odds ratio 19.527, 95% confidence interval 2.334-163.386; P=0.006) were the independent risk factors for poor outcomes. Conclusion:High NIHSS score and SCH were associated with the poor outcomes at 3 months after the onset of acute ischemic stroke.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882010

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the transmission chain of COVID-19 by serum antibody detection, and to provide scientific evidence for the prevention and control of the epidemic. Methods Field epidemiological investigation was used to determine the COVID-19 cases and their close contacts. The 2019-nCoV nucleic acid in throat swabs and anal swabs were examined by RT-PCR. Serum specimens were collected for anti-2019-nCoV IgM antibody detection and combined IgM/IgG detection. Results Case A had no confirmed exposure to COVID-19. However, case C and D had dinner and lived together with case A; they reported contact history and dinner history with other confirmed COVID-19 cases(H, L). Case A tested positive for 2019-nCoV nucleic acid, whereas case C and D were negative. Moreover, case A and C were IgM antibody positive, while case D was negative. Case A, C and D were all positive for combined IgM/IgG. In addition, case D had clinical symptom, while case C did not. Conclusion Serum antibody detection can be used as an effective supplement to the inference of transmission chain of COVID-19, which may facilitate determining the source of infection and improving the evidence.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 181-202, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881132

ABSTRACT

Urea transporters (UT) play a vital role in the mechanism of urine concentration and are recognized as novel targets for the development of salt-sparing diuretics. Thus, UT inhibitors are promising for development as novel diuretics. In the present study, a novel UT inhibitor with a diarylamide scaffold was discovered by high-throughput screening. Optimization of the inhibitor led to the identification of a promising preclinical candidate,

17.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 144-157, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881007

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The present study investigated how mild moxibustion treatment affects the intestinal microbiome and expression of NLRP3-related immune factors in a rat model of intestinal mucositis (IM) induced with 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu).@*METHODS@#Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control, chemotherapy, moxibustion and probiotics groups. The IM rat model was established by intraperitoneal injection of 5-Fu. Mild moxibustion treatment and intragastric probiotic administration were provided once daily for 15 days. Tissue morphology, serum levels of inflammatory factors and the expression levels of tight junction proteins, caspase-1, gasdermin D and NLRP3 were evaluated in colon tissue, through hematoxylin and eosin staining, electron microscopy, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blotting, quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence. Gut microbiome profiling was conducted through 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Moxibustion and probiotic treatments significantly increased the expression levels of tight junction proteins, reduced cell apoptosis and the expression levels of caspase-1, gasdermin D and NLRP3; they also decreased the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β and IL-18, while increasing serum levels of IL-10. Moxibustion and probiotic treatments also corrected the reduction in α-diversity and β-diversity in IM rats, greatly increased the proportion of the dominant bacterial genus Lactobacillus and reduced the abundance of the genera Roseburia and Escherichia in chemotherapy-treated rats to levels observed in healthy animals. We also found that these dominant genera were firmly correlated with the regulation of pyroptosis-associated proteins and inflammatory factors. Finally, moxibustion and probiotic treatments elicited similar effects in regulating intestinal host-microbial homeostasis and the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome-related factors.@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion exerts its therapeutic effect on IM by ameliorating mucosal damage and reducing inflammation. Moreover, moxibustion modulates the gut microbiota, likely via decreasing the expression levels of the NLRP3 inflammasome.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875950

ABSTRACT

Objective The present study was conducted to identify the Vibrio cholera type and to analyze its antibiotic resistance in an epidemic of cholera in Haiyan County in 2018, which would provide the references for prevention and control of cholera. Methods Stool samples of the patient and his close contacts as well as the food and environmental samples were collected for identification of the type of Vibrio cholerae and the toxin gene. The resistance of identified Vibrio cholerae to 20 different common antibiotics were tested. Results A total of 176 samples were collected, including 101 stool samples from the case and his close contacts, 35 environmental samples and 40 food samples. Among those samples, only one strain of V. cholerae, O139, was isolated from the patient's first feces sample. It was detected as a toxin gene of ctxA positive by real-time fluorescence PCR. Antibiotic resistance test showed that the strain was sensitive to norfloxacin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, cefotaxime, cephalothin, ampicillin, and amoxicillin. It was 100% resistant to tetracycline, doxycycline, neomycin, kanamycin, streptomycin, and rifampicin. Conclusion V. cholerae O139 strain with ctxA is detected in an epidemic of cholera. Norfloxacin, levofluoxacin and some other antibiotics could be used for clinical treatment and prevention. It should pay attention to this strain of V. cholera regarding the multiple drug resistance and the change of antibiotic resistance.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): E020-E020, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811528

ABSTRACT

Background@#At the end of 2019, a novel coronavirus outbreak emerged in Wuhan, China, and its causative organism has been subsequently designated the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). The virus has since rapidly spread to all provinces and autonomous regions of China, and to countries outside of China. Patients who become infected with 2019-nCoV may initially develop mild upper respiratory tract symptoms. However, a significant fraction of these patients goes on to subsequently develop serious lower respiratory disease. The effectiveness of adjunctive glucocorticoid therapy uses in the management of 2019-nCoV infected patients with severe lower respiratory tract infections is not clear, and warrants further investigation.@*Methods@#The present study will be conducted as an open-labelled, randomised controlled trial. We will enrol 48 subjects from Chongqing Public Health Medical Center. Each eligible subject will be assigned to an intervention group (methylprednisolone via intravenous injection at a dose of 1-2mg/kg/day for 3 days) or a control group (no glucocorticoid use) randomly, at a 1:1 ratio. Subjects in both groups will be invited for 28 days of follow-up which will be scheduled at 4 consecutive visit points. We will use the clinical improvement rate as our primary endpoint. Secondary endpoints include the timing of clinical improvement after intervention, duration of mechanical ventilation, duration of hospitalization, overall incidence of adverse events, as well as rate of adverse events at each visit, and mortality at 2 and 4 weeks.@*Discussion@#The present coronavirus outbreak is the third serious global coronavirus outbreak in the past two decades. Oral and parenteral glucocorticoids have been used in the management of severe respiratory symptoms in coronavirus-infected patients in the past. However, there remains no definitive evidence in the literature for or against the utilization of systemic glucocorticoids in seriously ill patients with coronavirus-related severe respiratory disease, or indeed in other types of severe respiratory disease. In this study, we hope to discover evidence either supporting or opposing the systemic therapeutic administration of glucocorticoids in severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients.@*Trial registration@#ClinicalTrials.gov, ChiCTR2000029386, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=48777.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): E007-E007, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811525

ABSTRACT

Background@#A patient’s infectivity is determined by the presence of the virus in different body fluids, secretions, and excreta. The persistence and clearance of viral RNA from different specimens of patients with 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) remain unclear. This study analyzed the clearance time and factors influencing 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) RNA in different samples from patients with COVID-19, providing further evidence to improve the management of patients during convalescence.@*Methods@#The clinical data and laboratory test results of convalescent patients with COVID-19 who were admitted to from January 20, 2020 to February 10, 2020 were collected retrospectively. The reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) results for patients’ oropharyngeal swab, stool, urine, and serum samples were collected and analyzed. Convalescent patients refer to recovered non-febrile patients without respiratory symptoms who had two successive (minimum 24 h sampling interval) negative RT-PCR results for viral RNA from oropharyngeal swabs. The effects of cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4)+ T lymphocytes, inflammatory indicators, and glucocorticoid treatment on viral nucleic acid clearance were analyzed.@*Results@#In the 292 confirmed cases, 66 patients recovered after treatment and were included in our study. In total, 28 (42.4%) women and 38 men (57.6%) with a median age of 44.0 (34.0–62.0) years were analyzed. After in-hospital treatment, patients’ inflammatory indicators decreased with improved clinical condition. The median time from the onset of symptoms to first negative RT-PCR results for oropharyngeal swabs in convalescent patients was 9.5 (6.0–11.0) days. By February 10, 2020, 11 convalescent patients (16.7%) still tested positive for viral RNA from stool specimens and the other 55 patients’ stool specimens were negative for 2019-nCoV following a median duration of 11.0 (9.0–16.0) days after symptom onset. Among these 55 patients, 43 had a longer duration until stool specimens were negative for viral RNA than for throat swabs, with a median delay of 2.0 (1.0–4.0) days. Results for only four (6.9%) urine samples were positive for viral nucleic acid out of 58 cases; viral RNA was still present in three patients’ urine specimens after throat swabs were negative. Using a multiple linear regression model (F=2.669, P=0.044, and adjusted R2=0.122), the analysis showed that the CD4+ T lymphocyte count may help predict the duration of viral RNA detection in patients’ stools (t=-2.699, P=0.010). The duration of viral RNA detection from oropharyngeal swabs and fecal samples in the glucocorticoid treatment group was longer than that in the non-glucocorticoid treatment group (15 days vs 8.0 days, respectively; t=2.550, P=0.013) and the duration of viral RNA detection in fecal samples in the glucocorticoid treatment group was longer than that in the non-glucocorticoid treatment group (20 days vs 11 days, respectively; t=4.631, P <0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in inflammatory indicators between patients with positive fecal viral RNA test results and those with negative results (P >0.05).@*Conclusions@#In brief, as the clearance of viral RNA in patients’ stools was delayed compared to that in oropharyngeal swabs, it is important to identify viral RNA in feces during convalescence. Because of the delayed clearance of viral RNA in the glucocorticoid treatment group, glucocorticoids are not recommended in the treatment of COVID-19, especially for mild disease. The duration of RNA detection may relate to host cell immunity.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL