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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 128-132, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804772

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To differentiate the inflow and outflow channels of gastric varices in cirrhotic portal hypertension patients using multi-slice spiral CT (MSCT), and to assess the relationship between calculable CT volume of gastric varices and the amount of tissue adhesive.@*Methods@#97 cases with cirrhotic gastric varices who were admitted from November 2013 to August 2017 were selected. The type and shape of gastric varices were observed before tissue glue injection treatment by MSCT. The correlation between CT volume of gastric varices and the amount of tissue adhesive was evaluated by Spearman rank correlation coefficient and Univariate linear regression analysis.@*Results@#MSCT showed that Le, g type had the highest proportion (54.6%), followed by Le, g, Lg (20.6%). Le, Lg and Lgf type accounted for 17.5%, and 5.2%, respectively, while Lgf+b accounted for 2.1%. On MSCT, varices of the gastric fundus were in the direction from bottom to top, and 75% of the fundus had a large curved side varices combined with gastric and renal shunt. Under the gastroscopy, varices in the small curved side of the gastric fundus from near to far were formless. In addition, varices in the large curved side of the gastric fundus when observed from different angles to the direction of blood flow (reverse gastroscope) were 72.7% (near and far) or 20.5 % (far and near). There was a positive correlation between CT volume (R = 0.97, P < 0.001) and the amount of tissue adhesive (Y1 = 0.35 + 0.65X1, Univariate linear regression equation; ρ = 0.89, P < 0.001, Spearman correlation analysis).@*Conclusion@#MSCT can recognize the vascular shape and inflow and outflow channels of gastric varices. A positive correlation between CT volume and the amount of tissue adhesive, suggested that the CT volume measurement before treatment could be used as one of the method to predict the amount of tissue adhesive.

2.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-559438

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of carbachol(CCH) on membrane potential of smooth muscle cells of gastric antrum of diabetic rats to verify the mechanism of gastric motility disturbance.Methods Fifty healthy Wistar rats of 2-month old,weighing 100-160 g,were divided into the control group(n=20) and diabetes mellitus group(n=30).Three months after the establishment of the rat model of diabetes by intraperitoneal injection of 60 mg/kg streptozotocin,gastric emptying time and gastric electrical activity were measured,and the resting membrane potentials of smooth muscle cells in antrum were measured by confocal laser scanning microscopy,then treated with carbachol of 10~(-9) mmol/L,10~(-8) mmol/L,10~(-7) mmol/L,the membrane potentials were measured.Results As compared with the normal rats,gastric emptying time in diabetic rats was significantly longer and abnormal gastric electric rhythm was significantly increased,the abnormal rhythm index(ARI) and the coefficient of variation(CV) of slow wave frequency in diabetic rats were significantly higher,but the resting membrane potentials remained unchanged and the sensitivity of CCH-induced membrane depolarization was increased.Conclusion The increase of sensitivity of CCH-induced membrane depolarization may be involved in the diabetes-induced gastric motor disorders.

3.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-555537

ABSTRACT

Objective To clarify the changes of ultrastructure of interstitial cells of Cajal in the small intestine of diabetic rats. Methods Rats were randomly divided into diabetic group and control group. The rate of the small intestinal transit was measured and the tissues of the small intestine were observed by transmission electron microscopy at 3 months after the establishment of rat model of diabetics. Results In the diabetic rats, the rate of small intestinal transit was delayed as compared with that in the control group. The number of the gap junction of interstitial cells of Cajal in the small intestine of diabetic rats decreased significantly, and the rest structures were damaged. Damaged organelles and formation of vacuoles were also found. Conclusion The changes of ultrastructure of interstitial cells of Cajal in the small intestine may be one of the mechanisms resulting in slow rate of the small intestinal transit in diabetic rats.

4.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-679097

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the roles of hepatocyte cytochrome P450 2E1 in model of nonalcoholic steatosis in rats Methods A total of 40 Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups: control group (C) and high fat diet induced fatty liver group (H) The expression of hepatocyte cytochrome P450 2E1 antigen in rat model of nonalcoholic steatosis was detected by immunohistochemical method and Western blotting Malondialdehyde (MDA) contents were also determined Results MDA contents and the expression of hepatocyte cytochrome P450 2E1 antigen in rat model of nonalcoholic steatosis induced by high fat diet were higher than those in the normal controls ( P

5.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-555518

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the role of nitriergic nerves in the myenteric plexus of the gastric antrum in diabetic rats with motor disorder. Methods Rats were randomly divided into diabetic group and control group. Electrogastrogram was recorded, and the number of cholinergic nerves in the myenteric plexus of the gastric antrum was counted 3 months after reproducing diabetes in the model group. Results In the rats of diabetic group, gastro-electric dysrhythmia was observed more frequently, and the number of nitriergic cells in the myenteric nerves was significantly decreased compared with control group. Conclusion The changes in nitriergic nerves in the myenteric plexus of the gastric antrum might be one of the mechanisms of gastro-electric dysrhythmia and gastric motility disorders in diabetic rats.

6.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-555516

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the change in cytosolic Ca 2+ in smooth muscle cells in gastric antrum of diabetic rat. Methods Rats were randomly divided into diabetic group and control group. Gastric empty time was determined 3 months after diabetes was reproduced in rats, the apoptosis rate of smooth muscle cells in the gastric antrum was assessed by flow cytometry, and the content of cytosolic Ca 2+ in smooth muscle cells was measured by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Results In diabetic rats, gastric emptying was significantly delayed. Compared the normal rats, the content of cytosolic Ca 2+ in smooth muscle cells from the antrum of diabetic rats was increased. The apoptosis rate of smooth muscle cells in the antrum of diabetic rats was 15%, and it was higher than that in normal rats. Conclusion With the increase in the content of cytosolic Ca 2+ in smooth muscle cells, smooth muscles were damaged and therefore their contraction was also impaired.

7.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-555515

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between mitochondrial membrane potential change and apoptosis of smooth muscle cells of the small intestine in diabetic rats. Methods Seventy Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups: diabetic group(STZ60mg/kg intraperitonealy) and control group.The gastric empty time and intestinal transit were determined in diabetic rats 2 months after the reproduction of diabetes. Mitochondrial membrane potential in small intestinal smooth muscle cells was determined by the change in the intensity of labeling rhodamine 123 with lasor scanning confocal micrographs, and apoptosis index was assessed with the technique of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated d-UTP nick end labeling(TUNEL) test and flow cytometry.The changes in expression of cytochrome C were determined by Western blotting. Results The mitochondrial membrane potential of small intestine smooth musele cells was significantly lowered in diabetic rats compared with normal rats. Apoptosis index in diabetic rats was significantly higher than that of normal as shown by TUNEL technic. Apoptosis rate in diabetic rats was 15%, and it was significantly higher than that of normal rat (P

8.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-555514

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the role of gastric mitochondrial DNA cytochrome C oxidases (COX) subunit Ⅱ gene and its expression in diabetic gastric motility dysfunction. Methods Seventy Wister rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: diabetic group (STZ 60mg/Kg intraperitonealy) and control group. The changes in expressions of COX protein were assayed by Westernblot. Mitochondrial DNA COX mRNA was assayed with reverse-transcriptional polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). Cytochrome C oxidase activity was determined by ultraviolet spectrophotometer. Results Gastricelectric dysrythmia was more frequently delected in diabetic rats, and the COX activity in diabetic rats was 0.41?0.21/min, which was significantly lower than that in normal rats (0.78?0.37/min). The expression of gastrointestinal COX protein and COX gene in diabetic gastroparesis rats were markedly decreased compared with normal rats. Conclusion Cytochrome C oxidases activity was greatly reduced in diabetic rats. Diabetic gastroparesis was associated with down-regulation of the expression of gastrointestinal mtDNA encoding COX gene and protein. These changes might play a key role in pathogenesis of diabetic gastroparesis

9.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12)1998.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-682431

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expression of hepatocyte cytochrome P450 1A1,2E1 in rat non alcoholic steatosis model. Methods 7 ethoxyresorufin O deethylase (EROD) and benzopyrene hydroxylase (ANH) activity were determined by ultraviolet chromatography. The expression of hepatocyte cytochrome P450 1A1, 2E1 protein in the liver of rats with non alcoholic steatosis induced by high fat diet was detected with immunohistochemistry and Western blot. Cytochrome P450 1A1, 2E1 mRNA were assayed with reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction(RT PCR). Results The levels of EROD activity in nonalcoholic steatosis rat at 2, 4, 8, 12 week and normal control group were (325.07?59.68),(345.25?49.28),( 468.95 ?55.28),( 548.68 ?43.25) and (260.42?35.32) nmol?mg -1 ?min -1 respectively. The levels of ANH activity in nonalcoholic steatosis rat at 2, 4, 8, 12 week and normal control group were (635.68 ?65.48), (735.45 ?76.89 ),(887.45?85.65),(956.58?84.47) and (500.25?78.34) nmol?mg -1 ?min -1 respectively. These indicate that the levels of EROD and ANH activity in rats with nonalcoholic steatosis were significantly increased compared with that in control group. In addition, the expression of hepatocyte cytochrome P450 1A1, 2E1 protein and cytochrome P450 1A1, 2E1 mRNA in rats with nonalcoholic steatosis were significantly higher than that in control group. The level of P450 1A1 and 2E1 was increased correspondingly with the degree of nonalcoholic steatosis. Conclusions The induction of hepatocyte cytochrome P4501A1 and 2E1 might participate in the development of nonalcoholic steatosis

10.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)1986.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676944

ABSTRACT

Picrotoxin is an anatagninst of gamma-aminobutyric acid, which is an internal inhibition-transmitter in the central nervous system, Picrotoxin exerts a biphasic action on the blood pressure and heart rate in rats and cats in vivo. That is to say, in the initial stage, picrotoxin can lower the blood pressure and heart rate, and then an elevation of these two even above the original level can be observed, up to the present, from the authors limited literature, there has been no report dealing with the problem whether picrotoxin can act on an isolated heart directly.In this study, the heart of a frog was isolated and routine intubation of the heart was done for its perfusion. Physiological polyconduction instrument was inserted through a mechanical transducer to record the heart rale and myocardial contractility. A suspending glass microelectrode coupling with a microamplifier is used to record the action potential of the ventricular myocardium. Real time analysis of all the data was accomplished with a microcomputer. The dosages of picrotoxin used were 1,5, 3.0, 6.0, and 12.0 mg per kilogram of body weight.It was found that picrotcxin can directly act on the isolated frog heart. The results were as follows.1 ) Picrotoxin exerts inhibition on the special conduction system of the heart,and the A-V node and venous sinus are very sensitive. Complete or partial transmission block can be induced.2 ) It can elicit clearly a fall of the heart rate but no biphasic action can berevealed. 3) It can reduce the myocardial contractility, suggesting that the calciuminflow during the functioning period of the action potential is effected. 4 ) It can reduce the amplitude of the action potential but no effect on themaximal depolarization speed is observed, suggesting that picrotoxin islikely to affect the level of resting potential but not the action potentialin the depolarized period.

11.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)1984.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-558012

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expression and effect of hepatocyte mitochondrial DNA cytochrome c oxidase subunitsⅠ (COXⅠ) gene in rat nonalcoholic fatty liver model. Methods Forty Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group and high-fat diet group, and the high-fat diet group was subsequently divided into 4 subgroups (2, 4, 8 and 12 week) with 8 rats in each. Cytochrome c oxidase activity was determined by ultraviolet spectrophotometer. Meanwhile,the expression of hepatocyte COXⅠ antigen in rat nonalcoholic steatosis model induced by high fat diet were detected by Western blotting. Mitochondrial DNA COXⅠ mRNA were assayed by reversetranscription polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). Results The levels of activity in nonalcoholic steatosis rats induced by high fat diet at 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks were (0.88?0.32), (0.76?0.37), (0.48?0.26), (0.39?0.21) nmol?mg~ -1 ?min~ -1 , respectively, significantly lower than (0.98?0.37) nmol?mg~ -1 ?min~ -1 in control group (P

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