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1.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 317-321, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981270

ABSTRACT

Blood stream infection (BSI),a blood-borne disease caused by microorganisms such as bacteria,fungi,and viruses,can lead to bacteremia,sepsis,and infectious shock,posing a serious threat to human life and health.Identifying the pathogen is central to the precise treatment of BSI.Traditional blood culture is the gold standard for pathogen identification,while it has limitations in clinical practice due to the long time consumption,production of false negative results,etc.Nanopore sequencing,as a new generation of sequencing technology,can rapidly detect pathogens,drug resistance genes,and virulence genes for the optimization of clinical treatment.This paper reviews the current status of nanopore sequencing technology in the diagnosis of BSI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nanopore Sequencing , Sepsis/diagnosis , Bacteremia/microbiology , Bacteria , Blood Culture/methods
2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 845-850, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985571

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a dynamic syndromic surveillance system in the border areas of Yunnan Province based on information technology, evaluate its effectiveness and timeliness in the response to common communicable disease epidemics and improve the communicable disease prevention and control in border areas. Methods: Three border counties were selected for full coverage as study areas, and dynamic surveillance for 14 symptoms and 6 syndromes were conducted in medical institutions, the daily collection of information about students' school absence in primary schools and febrile illness in inbound people at border ports were conducted in these counties from January 2016 to February 2018 to establish an early warning system based on mobile phone and computer platform for a field experimental study. Results: With syndromes of rash, influenza-like illness and the numbers of primary school absence, the most common communicable disease events, such as hand foot and mouth disease, influenza and chickenpox, can be identified 1-5 days in advance by using EARS-3C and Kulldorff time-space scanning models with high sensitivity and specificity. The system is easy to use with strong security and feasibility. All the information and the warning alerts are released in the form of interactive charts and visual maps, which can facilitate the timely response. Conclusions: This system is highly effective and easy to operate in the detection of possible outbreaks of common communicable diseases in border areas in real time, so the timely and effective intervention can be conducted to reduce the risk of local and cross-border communicable disease outbreaks. It has practical application value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Influenza, Human , Sentinel Surveillance , Syndrome , China , Cell Phone
3.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 378-385, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969855

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the infection status of Enterovirus (EV) in cases of acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in Luohe City, Henan Province from 2017 to 2021, and analyze the prevalence and type composition of EV in ARIs. Methods: From October 2017 to May 2021, pharyngeal swab samples were collected from 1 828 patients with ARIs in Luohe Central Hospital and the clinical epidemiological data of these cases were also collected. EV-positive samples were identified by Quantitative Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR). The 5'-untranslated region (5'UTR) was amplified by Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR). The results of 5'UTR region were initially typed by Enterovirus Genotyping Tool Version 1.0. Based on the typing results, the full-length of VP1 region was amplified by RT-PCR. The EV typing was identified again by VP1 region. Results: Among 1 828 cases of ARIs, 56.7% (1 036) were males. The median (Q1, Q3) age was about 3 (1, 5) years. Patients under 5 years old accounted for 71.6% (1 309 cases). Among all cases, a total of 71 EV-positive samples were identified by qPCR, with a detection rate of 3.88% (71/1 828). The EV detection rates for men and women were 3.28% (34/1 036) and 4.67% (37/792), without statistically significant differences (χ2=2.32, P=0.14). The EV detection rates for 2 to <6 years, 6 months to <2 years, 6 to <10 years, and <6 months were 6.29% (48/763), 3.00% (18/600), 2.52% (4/159), and 1.67% (1/60) (χ2=27.91, P<0.001). The EV detection rate was 0.92% (3/326) in autumn and winter of 2017. The EV detection rates were 1.18% (6/508), 2.47% (12/485) and 8.31% (34/409) in each year from 2018 to 2020, with an increasing trend year by year(χ2trend=29.76, P<0.001). The main prevalent seasons were summer and autumn. The detection rate in spring of 2021 was 4.00% (4/100). A total of 12 types were identified and classified as CVA2, CVA4, CVA5, CVA6, CVA10, CVB3, CVB5, E5, E11, E30, PV-1, and EV-D68. The types of CVA2, CVA10, CVA6, and CVB3 were the dominant phenotypes. In 59 sample of EV typing, the main clinical manifestation was upper respiratory tract infection (36/59, 61.01%). The dominant types detected in upper respiratory tract infections were CVA10 (10/36, 27.78%), CVA6 (9/36, 25.00%) and CVB3 (8/36, 22.22%). The dominant type detected in lower respiratory tract infections was CVA2 (7/19, 36.84%). Conclusion: In Luohe City, Henan Province from 2017 to 2021, EV infection in ARIs cases has clear seasonal and age-specific patterns, and the dominant types of upper and lower respiratory tract infections are different.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Enterovirus/genetics , 5' Untranslated Regions , Enterovirus Infections/epidemiology , Phenotype , Antigens, Viral/genetics , Respiratory Tract Infections/epidemiology , Phylogeny
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 788-793, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982131

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between serum interleukin-33 (IL-33), β2microglobulin (β2-MG) levels and Durie-Salmon (DS) stage in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#100 MM patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from March 2019 to January 2021 were selected and divided into stage I, stage II and stage III groups according to the DS staging system. A baseline data questionnaire of patients was designed, then the relevant baseline data and laboratory test results of patients were recorded. The levels of serum IL-33 and β2-MG of all patients were detected, and the correlation between serum IL-33, β2-MG levels and DS stage of MM patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 100 patients with MM, there were 32 cases in stage I, 39 cases in stage II and 29 cases in stage III. The levels of serum CRP and β2-MG of patients in stage III were significantly higher than those of patients in stage I and II, and the levels of serum CRP and β2-MG of patients in stage II were significantly higher than those of patients in stage I, the differences were statistically significant (P <0.05). The level of serum IL-33 of patients in stage III was significantly lower than that of patients in stage I and II, and the level of serum IL-33 of patients in stage II was significantly lower than that of patients in stage I, the differences were statistically significant (P <0.05). There was no statistical significant difference in other data between groups (P >0.05). Kendall's tau-b correlation analysis showed that the levels of serum CRP and β2-MG were positively correlated with DS stage in MM patients (r =0.534, 0.776), the level of serum IL-33 was negatively correlated with DS stage in MM patients (r =-0.759). Ordered logistic regression analysis and forest plot showed that the low level of serum IL-33 and the high level of β2-MG were the influencing factors of high DS stage in MM patients (P <0.05 ).@*CONCLUSION@#DS stage of MM patients is closely related to the levels of serum IL-33 and β2-MG, that is, the lower the serum IL-33 level and the higher the β2-MG level, and the higher the DS stage of MM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Interleukin-33 , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , HLA-G Antigens/blood
5.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 566-571, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981995

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the role of plasma exchange combined with continuous blood purification in the treatment of refractory Kawasaki disease shock syndrome (KDSS).@*METHODS@#A total of 35 children with KDSS who were hospitalized in the Department of Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hunan Children's Hospital, from January 2019 to August 2022 were included as subjects. According to whether plasma exchange combined with continuous veno-venous hemofiltration dialysis was performed, they were divided into a purification group with 12 patients and a conventional group with 23 patients. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical data, laboratory markers, and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the conventional group, the purification group had significantly shorter time to recovery from shock and length of hospital stay in the pediatric intensive care unit, as well as a significantly lower number of organs involved during the course of the disease (P<0.05). After treatment, the purification group had significant reductions in the levels of interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, heparin-binding protein, and brain natriuretic peptide (P<0.05), while the conventional group had significant increases in these indices after treatment (P<0.05). After treatment, the children in the purification group tended to have reductions in stroke volume variation, thoracic fluid content, and systemic vascular resistance and an increase in cardiac output over the time of treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Plasma exchange combined with continuous veno-venous hemofiltration dialysis for the treatment of KDSS can alleviate inflammation, maintain fluid balance inside and outside blood vessels, and shorten the course of disease, the duration of shock and the length of hospital stay in the pediatric intensive care unit.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Plasma Exchange , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/therapy , Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy , Renal Dialysis , Plasmapheresis , Shock
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2835-2852, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999049

ABSTRACT

The quality evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine is one of the key issues related to the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine. The quality evaluation technology system of traditional Chinese medicine mainly includes traditional evaluation (traits, microscopic and physicochemical identification), chemical evaluation and biological evaluation. Due to the complex composition of traditional Chinese medicine, the single detection method in the above evaluation technology system usually cannot obtain sufficient quality information. The multi-source information fusion strategy can organically integrate data from multiple analysis and detection technologies to obtain more comprehensive information of samples and improve the quality evaluation effect. At present, multi-source information fusion strategy has been widely used in the fields of military, industrial and food, and it is still in its infancy in the field of quality evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine. This research introduces the definition, structure, method (algorithm) and fusion level of multi-source information fusion, summarizes its research progress in the origin traceability, variety identification and pharmaceutical analysis of traditional Chinese medicine, and sorts out the specific methods of data fusion in each literature. Finally, we summarized, prospected and discussed the application, development and existing problems of information fusion technology and its application in the quality evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine, in order to provide reference for broadening the application of this technology in the field of traditional Chinese medicine.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 715-719, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993880

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the influence of serum triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1(TREM-1)level on prognosis in elderly patients with sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS).Methods:A total of 100 elderly patients with sepsis were selected as the research objects.All the patients with sepsis were divided into sepsis ARDS group and sepsis non-ARDS group.General data and TREM-1 level were compared between the two groups.The patients with sepsis ARDS were divided into death group and survival group according to the survival status during the 28-day follow-up.TREM-1 level, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation(APACHE)Ⅱ score and SOFA score were compared between the two groups.The correlation between serum TREM-1 level and procalcitonin(PCT), APACHE Ⅱ score and SOFA score was analyzed.The survival rate of high TREM-1 level group and low TREM-1 level group was compared.Results:The age, white blood cell(WBC), PCT, APACHE Ⅱ score, SOFA score and TREM-1 level of sepsis ARDS patients were significantly higher than those of non-ARDS patients( t=2.722, 6.088, 11.55, 6.889, 4.661, 6.122, all P<0.05). The incidence of sepsis ARDS patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was significantly higher than that of non-ARDS patients( χ2=7.895, P<0.05). Serum TREM-1 level, APACHE Ⅱ score and SOFA score of ARDS patients in death group were significantly higher than those in survival group( t=3.293, 6.173, 4.255, all P<0.05). Serum TREM-1 level was positively correlated with PCT, APACHE Ⅱ score and SOFA score( t=0.553, 0.602, 0.636, P<0.001). The Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that the survival rate of high TREM-1 level group was significantly lower than that of low TREM-1 level group( χ2=3.999, P=0.036). Cox regression analysis showed that TREM-1 level was a risk factor for the prognosis of ARDS patients with sepsis( HR=1.893, 95% CI: 1.049-3.414). Conclusions:Serum TREM-1 level is significantly increased in elderly patients with sepsis ARDS, which is closely related to the prognosis and can be used as a potential prognostic biomarker.

8.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 1-5, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933600

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the perioperative safety and long-term prognosis of allogeneic vein replacement in abdominal surgery.Methods:Clinical data of 115 patients receiving allogeneic vein replacement from Jan 2013 to Dec 2020 was retrospectively analyzed.Results:The most common operation was radical pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic cancer (75.7%), and the most common vascular replacement sites were the junction of portal vein system (53.9%), followed by superior mesenteric vein (23.5%) and portal vein (18.3%). In our group, 6 patients died (5.2%), 31 patients had complications (27.0%), and 2 patients had portal vein thrombosis (1.7%). During the follow-up period, 8 cases (7.5%) had mild stenosis, 12 cases (11.5%) had moderate stenosis and 14 cases (13.2%) had severe stenosis. The half-year, one-year and two-year incidence of moderate and severe stenosis were 8.0%, 24.4% and 34.5% respectively.Conclusions:The early and mid-term result of allogeneic vein replacement is satisfactory. Use of postoperative anticoagulation may help reduce the incidence of thrombogenesis or stenosis .

9.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 243-252, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931251

ABSTRACT

Viscum coloratum(Komn.)Nakai is a well-known medicinal hemiparasite widely distributed in Asia.The synthesis and accumulation of its metabolites are affected by both environmental factors and the host plants,while the latter of which is usually overlooked.The purpose of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the effects of host and habitat on the metabolites in V.coloratum through multiple chemical and biological approaches.The metabolite profile of V.coloratum harvested from three different host plants in two habitats were determined by multiple chemical methods including high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet(HPLC-UV),gas chromatography-flame ionization detector(GC-FID)and ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-QTOF/MS).The differences in antioxidant efficacy of V.coloratum were determined based on multiple in vitro models.The multivariate statistical analysis and data fusion strategy were applied to analyze the dif-ferences in metabolite profile and antioxidant activity of V.coloratum.Results indicated that the metabolite profile obtained by various chemical approaches was simultaneously affected by host and environment factors,and the environment plays a key role.Meanwhile,three main differential metab-olites between two environment groups were identified.The results of antioxidant assay indicated that the environment has greater effects on the biological activity of V.coloratum than the host.Therefore,we conclude that the integration of various chemical and biological approaches combined with multivariate statistical and data fusion analysis,which can determine the influences of host plant and habitat on the metabolites,is a powerful strategy to control the quality of semi-parasitic herbal medicine.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 913-918, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939709

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective: To investigate the sample selection, result correction and clinical application value of multi nucleotide polymorphism chimerism detection method based on Next-generation sequencing.@*METHODS@#The chimerism samples from November 2018 to June 2020 were collected, and Pearson correlation coefficient (r) was used to analyze the consistency of bone marrow and peripheral blood results detected by MNPseq; according to the different information integrity before transplantation, the calibration model was constructed to analyze the correction value of the micro chimerism results in each model; the clinical results were retrospectively analyzed to verify the reliability and practicability of chimerism results correction and the clinical value of MNPseq method.@*RESULTS@#The results of bone marrow and peripheral blood chimerism detected by MNPseq method were consistent with each other and showed significant correlation (r=0.985, P<0.01). The three groups of calibration models were constructed according to different pre-transplant information. For the no donor and pre-transplant patients information group, the correction value was 1%; while for the group with pre-transplant patients and without donor information, 0.61% of the chimerism rate and 13 heterotopic points were used as the correction value; 0.26% of the chimerism rate and 21.57% of the heterotopic points were used as the correction value for the group with pre-transplantation patients and donor information. After correction, the number of the patients with incomplete chimerism decreased from 276 (74.19%) to 141 (37.91%) (P<0.01). Among 18 (18/141, 12.77%) patients with incomplete chimerism, the results of MNPseq in the patients were 25-39 days earlier than those in STR and flow MRD, and the result showed statistical significance.@*CONCLUSION@#MNPseq method can be used to monitor chimerism with peripheral blood instead of bone marrow samples, and the results can be corrected to detect the changes of graft status in vivo in a more timely manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chimerism , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Nucleotides , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Chimera/genetics , Transplantation, Homologous
11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 576-581, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957006

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of allogenic vein replacement in treatment of borderline resectable pancreatic cancer, and to analyze risk factors of long-term stenosis.Methods:The clinical data of 77 patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer who underwent surgery from January 2013 to December 2021 at the Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. There were 34 males and 43 females, aged (61.4±10.8) years old. The peri-operative data, long-term prognosis and stenosis of allogenic vein were analysed. Risk factors of stenosis were analyzed by the Cox proportional hazards model. Patients were followed up by outpatient visits or by telephone.Results:Pancreatic cancer had invaded the junction of portal vein/superior mesenteric vein (SMV) in 41 patients, SMV in 22 patients and portal vein in 14 patients. The length of venous resection was (3.7±1.0) cm, the tumor longest diameter was (3.8±1.6) cm, lymph node metastasis was present in 57 patients, R 0 resection was carried out in 70 patients, and the postoperative complication rate was 29.9% (23/77). The survival rates in 6 months, 1-year and 2-year were 84.1%, 52.3% and 32.9% respectively. Mild venous stenosis occurred in 4 patients (5.2%), moderate stenosis in 9 patients (11.7%) and severe stenosis in 11 patients (14.3%). A vascular resection length of more than 3 cm ( RR=4.602, 95% CI: 1.657-12.781, P=0.003) and tumor recurrence ( RR=8.529, 95% CI: 1.129-64.448, P=0.038) were independent risk factors for long-term moderate and severe stenosis of allogeneic vein. Conclusion:It was safe and feasible for allogenic vein to be used to reconstruct the portal venous system in resection of borderline resectable pancreatic cancer. Long-term stenosis of the allogenic vein was related to a length of vascular resection of more than 3 cm and recurrence of tumor.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 220-223, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935930

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the practicability and safety of transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB). Methods: Data of 53 cases with transjugular liver biopsy from June 2015 to June 2020 were collected. LABS-100 was used in all patients who underwent transjugular liver biopsy. Among them, 45 cases and eight were biopsied via hepatic vein and intrahepatic segment of the inferior vena cava. The surgical indications, related complications, and postoperative pathological diagnosis were analyzed and summarized. Results: TJLB was successful in all patients, with an average of 2.8 punctures per case. Satisfactory liver tissue and histopathological diagnosis was obtained in all patients. Two cases developed a cervical hematoma that was improved spontaneously, and one patient developed an intrahepatic hematoma that was improved after conservative treatment. Conclusion: TJLB is a practical and safe method for patients with contraindications to percutaneous liver biopsy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy/methods , Biopsy, Needle/methods , Jugular Veins , Liver Diseases/pathology
13.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 358-361, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935810

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the incidence of pneumoconiosis in the non-coal mining industry in Jiangsu Province, and provide reference for the prevention and control of pneumoconiosis in the non-coal mining industry. Methods: The data of 7019 newly diagnosed pneumoconiosis patients in non-coal mining industry in Jiangsu Province from January 1956 to December 2019 were collected through the Jiangsu Province Pneumoconiosis Follow-up Network Report System, including the gender of the pneumoconiosis patients, the name of the employer and the location, the industry classification of the employer, the duration of dust exposure in dust exposure, the name of occupational pneumoconiosis disease, the date of diagnosis of pneumoconiosis, etc. The collected case data of patients with pneumoconiosis were entered into the statistical software, and the characteristics of the patients' diagnosis time, region and industry were analyzed. Results: The number of confirmed pneumoconiosis patients in the non-coal mining industry in Jiangsu Province was mostly in 2007 (395 cases) , concentrated in Wuxi City (40.96%, 2875/7019) and Suzhou City (27.72%, 1946/7019) . The industries to which the patients belonged were mainly non-metallic mining and dressing (60.95%, 4278/7019) , and the most common type of pneumoconiosis was silicosis (96.40%, 6766/7019) . The patients were mainly stageⅠpneumoconiosis (61.33%, 4305/7019) . There were statistically significant differences in the mean age of diagnosis and the average duration of dust exposure among patients with different pneumoconiosis stages (P<0.01) . The differences in the average diagnosis age and the average duration of dust exposure of patients with different types of pneumoconiosis were statistically significant (P<0.05) , the mean age of diagnosis and the average duration of dust exposure of electric welders were the smallest, which were (44.92±7.74) years old and (17.38±10.15) years, respectively. Conclusion: The regional and industry distribution characteristics of new pneumoconiosis patients in the non-coal mining industry in Jiangsu Province are obvious, and attention should be paid to the treatment of pneumoconiosis patients with young diagnosed age and short duration of dust exposure, as well as the personal protection and health protection of front-line workers such as electric welders who are exposed to productive dust in a short period of time.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Coal Mining , Dust , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Silicosis/epidemiology
14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 818-824, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993927

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the etiological spectrum, clinical features, and surgical treatment of patients with Cushing's syndrome (CS) who underwent adrenal surgery.Methods:From August 2002 to August 2022, the clinical data of 985 patients with Cushing's syndrome who underwent surgical treatment in the department of urology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 210 males and 775 females. The average age was 43.33±13.49 years old. The age of males was older than that of females (45.53±14.39 vs. 42.68±13.16 years, P=0.016). The principle of preoperative surgical method selection for patients in this group was described as follow. For adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) independent CS, adrenal tumor resection was considered for unilateral solitary lesions and unilateral adrenalectomy was considered for unilateral multiple lesions. For bilateral lesions, the larger tumor was removed first, and the contralateral operation was decided according to the follow-up results. Patients with suspicion of cortical cancer are subjected to R0 resection, and open surgery was performed if the tumor diameter is≥6 cm. The clinical characteristics of CS patients were summarized. The clinical symptom characters, etiology spectrum and the corresponding selection principles of surgical methods were analyzed. Results:Among the 985 cases, ACTH-independent CS accounted for 92.8% (914/985), and ACTH-dependent CS accounted for 7.2% (71/985). According to the postoperative pathological results, ACTH-independent CS was the most common, among which adrenal adenoma was the most common 75.94% (748/985), PBMAH 11.37% (112/985), Cushing's disease 4.26% (42/985), PPNAD 3.25% (32/985), EAS 2.94 (29/985), cortical carcinoma 2.23% (22/985). In terms of clinical manifestations, full moon face, bloody face, buffalo back, central obesity and weight gain were more common. The incidence of the above single symptoms was >30%. In terms of hormone secretion, the cortisol level of ACTH-dependent CS patients was significantly higher than that of ACTH-independent CS ( P<0.001). Cortisol [(16.61±6.78) μg/dl] and 24h-UFC [103.65 (59.83, 175.70) μg/24h] in patients with subclinical cortical adenoma were lower than those in other types of patients ( P<0.001). Among the patients with bilateral adenomas, 4 patients underwent simultaneous resection of bilateral adrenal tumors due to severe CS symptoms, and the remaining 74 patients underwent two-stage simple tumor resection, total adrenalectomy or subtotal adrenalectomy according to the size and number of tumors. Of the 22 patients with cortical carcinoma, 2 patients underwent R0 resection after neoadjuvant therapy with mitotane after being diagnosed by needle biopsy due to local infiltration of the tumor. In patients with EAS and Cushing's disease, 62.07% (18/29) and 23.81% (10/42) were treated with simultaneous bilateral target gland resection due to severe CS symptoms, respectively. In 112 cases of PBMAH and 32 cases of PPNAD, the initial treatment was unilateral adrenalectomy or subtotal adrenalectomy, and the follow-up was continued to decide whether to perform contralateral adrenalectomy or subtotal adrenalectomy. Conclusions:The etiological spectrum of CS patients admitted to the urology department is different from that of the overall CS, and is dominated by adrenal disease, and Cushing's disease is rare. Due to the different etiological spectrum, the patient's symptom spectrum is different, and difficulty in squatting and fracture are rare. The main treatment for unilateral adrenal disease is tumor resection or unilateral adrenalectomy. For ACTH-dependent CS in bilateral lesions, bilateral adrenalectomy is recommended, and hormone supplementation is recommended after surgery. For ACTH-independent CS, unilateral adrenalectomy is recommended first, and individualized treatment plans are formulated based on the results of follow-up.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 751-757, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993915

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of deep learning technology for renal artery recognition in retroperitoneal laparoscopic renal surgery videos.Methods:From January 2020 to July 2021, the video data of 87 cases of laparoscopic retroperitoneal nephrectomy, including radical nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy, and hemiurorectomy, were retrospectively analyzed. Two urological surgeons screened video clips containing renal arteries. After frame extraction, annotation, review, and proofreading, the labeled targets were divided into training set and test set by the random number table in a ratio of 4∶1. The training set was used to train the neural network model. The test set was used to test the ability of the neural network to identify the renal artery in scenes with different difficulties, which was uniformly transmitted to the YOLOv3 convolutional neural network model for training. According to the opinion of two senior doctors, the test set was divided into high, medium, and low discrimination of renal artery and surrounding tissue. High identification means a clean renal artery and a large exposed area. For middle recognition degree, the renal artery had a certain degree of blood immersion, and the exposed area was medium. Low identification means that the exposed area of the renal artery was small, often located at the edge of the lens, and the blood immersion was severe, which may lead to lens blurring. In the surgical video, the annotator annotated the renal artery truth box frame by frame. After normalization and preprocessing, all images were input into the neural network model for training. The neural network output the renal artery prediction box, and if the overlap ratio (IOU) with the true value box was higher than the set threshold, it was judged that the prediction was correct. The neural network test results of the test set were recorded, and the sensitivity and accuracy were calculated according to IOU.Results:In the training set, 1 149 targets of 13 videos had high recognition degree, 1 891 targets of 17 videos had medium recognition degree, and 349 targets of 18 videos had low recognition degree. In the test set, 267 targets in 9 videos had high recognition degree, 519 targets in 11 videos had medium recognition degree, and 349 targets in 18 videos had low recognition degree. When the IOU threshold was 0.1, the sensitivity and accuracy were 52.78% and 82.50%, respectively. When the IOU threshold was 0.5, the sensitivity and accuracy were 37.80% and 59.10%, respectively. When the IOU threshold was 0.1, the sensitivity and accuracy of high, medium and low recognition groups were 89.14% and 87.82%, 45.86% and 78.03%, 32.95%, and 76.67%, respectively. The frame rate of the YOLOv3 algorithm in real-time surgery video was ≥15 frames/second. The false detection rate and missed detection rate of neural network for renal artery identification in laparoscopic renal surgery video were 47.22% and 17.49%, respectively (IOU=0.1). The leading causes of false detection were similar tissue and reflective light. The main reasons for missed detection were image blurring, blood dipping, dark light, fascia interference, or instrument occlusion, etc.Conclusions:Deep learning-based renal artery recognition technology is feasible. It may assist the surgeon in quickly identifying and protecting the renal artery during the operation and improving the safety of surgery.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 530-541, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905242

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on balance, motor and activities of daily living (ADL) for stroke patients. Methods:The randomized controlled trials about the effects of PNF on motor, balance and ADL in stroke patients were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang data, and VIP, since establishment to December, 2019. The primary outcome measures were Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) and modified Bathel Index (MBI). The secondary outcome measures were Functional Reach Test (FRT), Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS), and Timed 'Up and Go' Test (TUGT). The literatures were independently screened by two investigators, and the quality of the articles was evaluated using the Cochrane Library systematic review criteria, and meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3. Results:A total of 13 articles were included with 786 stroke patients. PNF increased the score of BBS for sequelae patients (MD = 3.31, 95%CI 2.58 to 4.04, P < 0.001), FMA for recovery patients (MD = 8.31, 95%CI 5.68 to 10.97, P < 0.001); as well as MBI score (MD = 6.84, 95%CI 5.20 to 8.48, P < 0.001), FRT distance (MD = 1.11, 95%CI 0.39 to 1.84, P = 0.003) and TIS score (MD = 1.75, 95%CI 1.19 to 2.31, P < 0.001) for all the patients, and decreased TUGT time for sequelae patients (MD = -1.86, 95%CI -2.62 to -1.10, P < 0.001). Conclusion:PNF can significantly improve balance, motor and ADL for stroke patients. The effectiveness is various with the course of disease. More high-quality researches are needed.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 151-160, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878025

ABSTRACT

The common cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) neuroimaging features visible on conventional structural magnetic resonance imaging include recent small subcortical infarcts, lacunes, white matter hyperintensities, perivascular spaces, microbleeds, and brain atrophy. The CSVD neuroimaging features have shared and distinct clinical consequences, and the automatic quantification methods for these features are increasingly used in research and clinical settings. This review article explores the recent progress in CSVD neuroimaging feature quantification and provides an overview of the clinical consequences of these CSVD features as well as the possibilities of using these features as endpoints in clinical trials. The added value of CSVD neuroimaging quantification is also discussed for researches focused on the mechanism of CSVD and the prognosis in subjects with CSVD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuroimaging , Prognosis
18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 650-654, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856967

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the feasibility of APTT bioactivity detection for Xuesaitong injection. Methods The APTT values of rabbit plasma of samples/reference were detected by automatic coagulometer, and the data were analyzed by bioassay statistics. Results The results of repeated test of different rabbit plasma, multiple enterprises and various concentrations of Xuesaitong injection were stable. The APTT values of standard ginsenoside Rb1, ginsenoside Rg1, notoginsenoside R1 and Panax notoginseng saponins were compared with that of Xuesaitong injection, and the APTT values of the former three were not correlated with Xuesaitong injection; while the Panax notoginseng saponins were significantly correlated with Xuesaitong injection. The panax notoginseng saponins were used as the reference material, and the results were consistent with those of the physical and chemical analysis. Conclusions The active ingredients in Xuesaitong injection do not represent the effective ingredients, and its medicinal effect is the result of the combined action of various ingredients. Therefore, it is not suitable to simply look for some monomer as the control. This paper suggests using panax notoginseng saponins as the control substance to explore the biological activity study of injections for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 89-94, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801936

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of addition and subtraction therapy of Taohong Siwutang combined with Chaihu Shugansan to unstable angina pectoris with type A behavior pattern (Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome), and investigate its effects on proinflammatory factors and serotonin (5-HT). Method: One hundred twenty-four patients were randomly divided into control group (60 cases) and observation group(64 cases) by random number table. Patients in control group got Aspirin enteric-coated tablets, 100 mg/time, 1 time/day. Tigrillo tablets, 90 mg/time, 2 times/days. Metoprolol tartrate tablets, 50 mg/time, 2 times/days. Simvastatin tablets, 10 mg/time, 1 time/day. Nitroglycerin tablets, 0.5 mg/time. Based on the treatment in control group, patients in observation group also received addition and subtraction therapy of Taohong Siwutang combined with Chaihu Shugansan, 1 dose/day. The treatment course was 8 weeks in both groups. Number of attacks, duration, degree of pain and usage of nitroglycerin were recorded for every week. Before and after treatment, electrocardiogram was also recorded. And levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), hypersensitive C-reactive protein and 5-HT were detected. In addition, scores of Seattle Angina Scale (SAQ) and Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome were graded. Result: In the rank sum test, the curative effect in electrocardiogram of observation group was better than that of control group (Z=1.965, PPPPα and 5-HT in observation group were lower than those in control group (PPConclusion: On the basis of conventional western medicine, addition and subtraction therapy of Taohong Siwutang combined with Chaihu Shugansan can further control angina attack, relieve clinical symptoms, improve quality of life, regulate lipid metabolism, and can inhibit expression of proinflammatory factors and 5-HT, so it can play a role in stabilizing the disease.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 76-82, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801934

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a model for the injury of human neuroblastoma cell (SH-SY5Y) induced by sodium glutamate, and to observe the protective effect of syringaresinol on cell damage from Viscum liquidambaricolum hayataon, and to explore its mechanism. Method: Construction of SH-SY5Y cell injury model using sodium glutamate.The experiment was divided into normal cell group, injury model group (sodium glutamate 50 mmol·L-1, sodium glutamate 50 mmol·L-1 + DMSO),syringaresinol experimental group (6.25, 12.5, 25 μmol·L-1), by cell counting, cell morphology observation, Annexin V-FITC/PI apoptosis detection, ROS reactive oxygen species detection, mitochondrial membrane potential, and Western blot, evaluation of syringaresinol on glutamate-induced neuronal excitability injury neuroprotective activity. Result: Compared with normal group, the cell survival rate of the model group was significantly decreased (PPPPP-1) showed a concentration-dependent increase in cells. Survival rate (PPPPPConclusion: Syringaresinol has significant protective activity against excitatory damage induced by sodium glutamate in SH-SY5Y neurons, the mechanism may be through anti-oxidative stress, repairing mitochondrial function and DNA damage to significantly reduce sodium glutamate-induced neuronal apoptosis.

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