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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014568

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of interventional therapy combined with tumor drug injection under bronchoscope for central non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Sixty-four patients who met the test admission criteria were randomly assigned to the experimental group and the control group according to the ratio of 1:1, and were given bronchoscopic interventional therapy combined with local drug injection of recombinant human endostatin combined with platinum-containing dual-drug chemotherapy and platinum-containing dual-drug alone, respectively. The curative efficiency and safety of the two groups were compared. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the KPS score, dyspnea grading were significantly improved (P<0.05). The effective rate of the test group was 78.12%, which was higher than 37.5% in the control group, the difference between the two groups was significant (P<0.05). Moreover, there was also a significant difference in the 1-year survival rate between the experimental group and the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The treatment of central NSCLC by interventional therapy combined with tumor drug injection through fiberoptic bronchoscope has obvious clinical efficacy, which can effectively alleviate the clinical symptoms and improve the quality of life of patients. There is no significant difference in adverse reactions between the two groups, and is worthy of popularization and application.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 189-194, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013617

ABSTRACT

Aim To establish a stable hepatic stellate cell ( HSC ) -specific G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 ( GRK2 ) knockout mice and provide the important animal model for further studying the biological function of GRK2 in HSC. Methods The loxP-labeled Grk2 gene mouse (Grk2

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 190-206, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011236

ABSTRACT

Macroautophagy (referred to as autophagy hereafter) is a major intracellular lysosomal degradation pathway that is responsible for the degradation of misfolded/damaged proteins and organelles. Previous studies showed that autophagy protects against acetaminophen (APAP)-induced injury (AILI) via selective removal of damaged mitochondria and APAP protein adducts. The lysosome is a critical organelle sitting at the end stage of autophagy for autophagic degradation via fusion with autophagosomes. In the present study, we showed that transcription factor EB (TFEB), a master transcription factor for lysosomal biogenesis, was impaired by APAP resulting in decreased lysosomal biogenesis in mouse livers. Genetic loss-of and gain-of function of hepatic TFEB exacerbated or protected against AILI, respectively. Mechanistically, overexpression of TFEB increased clearance of APAP protein adducts and mitochondria biogenesis as well as SQSTM1/p62-dependent non-canonical nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) activation to protect against AILI. We also performed an unbiased cell-based imaging high-throughput chemical screening on TFEB and identified a group of TFEB agonists. Among these agonists, salinomycin, an anticoccidial and antibacterial agent, activated TFEB and protected against AILI in mice. In conclusion, genetic and pharmacological activating TFEB may be a promising approach for protecting against AILI.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 193-198, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995433

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and feasibility of the CHESS endoscpic ruler (CHESS ruler), and the consistency between the measured values and the interpretation values by endoscopic physician experience.Methods:From January 2021 to January 2022, a total of 105 liver cirrhosis patients with portal hypertension were prospectively enrolled from General Hospital, Xixia Branch Hospital, Ningnan Hospital of People′s Hospital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (29 cases), and the First People′s Hospital of Yinchuan (25 cases), General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University (18 cases), Wuzhong People′s Hospital (10 cases), the Fifth People′s Hospital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (10 cases), Shizuishan Second People′s Hospital (6 cases), Yinchuan Second People′s Hospital (5 cases), and Zhongwei People′s Hospital (2 cases) 8 hospitals. The clinical characteristics of all the patients, including gender, age, nationality, etiolog of liver cirrhosis, and Child-Pugh classification of liver function were recorded. A big gastroesophageal varices was defined as diameter of varices ≥5 mm. Endoscopist (associated chief physician) performed gastroscopy according to the routine gastroscopy procedures, and the diameter of the biggest esophageal varices was measured by experience and images were collected, and then objective measurement was with the CHESS ruler and images were collected. The diameter of esophageal varices of 10 randomly selected patients (random number table method) was determined by 6 endoscopists (attending physician or associated chief physician) with experience or measured by CHESS ruler. Kappa test was used to test the consistency in the diameter of esophageal varices between measured values by CHESS ruler and the interpretation values by endoscopic physician experience.Results:Among 105 liver cirrhosis patients with portal hypertension, male 65 cases and female 40 cases, aged (54.8±12.2) years old, Han nationality 82 cases, Hui nationality 21 cases and Mongolian nationality 2 cases. The etiology of liver cirrhosis included chronic hepatitis B (79 cases), alcoholic liver disease (7 cases), autoimmune hepatitis (7 cases), chronic hepatitis C (2 cases), and other etiology (10 cases). Liver function of 32 cases was Child-Pugh A, Child-Pugh B 57 cases, and Child-Pugh C 16 cases. All 105 liver cirrhosis patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension were successfully measured the diameter of gastroesophageal varices by CHESS ruler, and the success rate of application of CHESS ruler was 100.0% (105/105). The procedure time from the CHESS ruler into the body to the exit of the body after measurement was (3.50±2.55) min. No complications happened in all the patients during measurement. Among 105 liver cirrhosis patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension, 96 cases (91.4%) were recognized as big gastroesophageal varices by the endoscopists. Totally 93 cases (88.6%) were considered as big gastroesophageal varices by CHESS ruler. Eight cases were recognized as big gastroesophageal varices by the endoscopist, however not by the CHESS ruler; 5 cases were recognized as big gastroesophageal varices by the CHESS ruler, but not by the endoscopists; 4 cases were not recognized as big gastroesophageal varices both by the endoscopists and CHESS ruler; 88 cases were recognized as big gastroesophageal varices both by the endoscopists and CHESS ruler. The missed diagnostic rate of big gastroesophageal varices by the endoscopists experience was 5.4% (5/93), and the Kappa value of consistency coefficient between the measurement by the CHESS ruler and the interpretation by endoscopists experience was 0.31 (95% confidence interval 0.03 to 0.60). The overall Kappa value of consistency coefficient by 6 endoscopists measured by CHESS ruler in big gastroesophageal varices diagnosis was 0.77 (95% confidence interval 0.61 to 0.93).Conclusion:As an objective measurement tool, CHESS ruler can make up for the deficiency of subjective judgment by endoscopists, accurately measure the diameter of gastroesophageal varices, and is highly feasible and safe.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To document any effect of combining respiratory-muscle resistance training with feedback respiratory electrical stimulation in rehabilitating the diaphragm function and lung function of stroke survivors.Methods:Sixty hemiplegic stroke survivors were randomly assigned to an observation group or a control group, each of 30. Both groups were given conventional rehabilitation, including respiratory-muscle resistance training. The observation group additionally received feedback respiratory electrical stimulation twice a day, six days a week for 3 weeks. Before and after the treatment, ultrasound was used to measure the end-inspiratory and end-expiratory thickness of the diaphragm. Diaphragm movement during quiet breathing and deep breathing was also observed, and the diaphragm thickening fraction was calculated. The incidence of diaphragm dysfunction on the affected and healthy sides of the two groups before and after the treatment was also analyzed and compared.Results:Diaphragm dysfunction on either side had decreased significantly more in the observation group than in the control group after the treatment. The observation group also showed significantly greater average improvement in the thickening functions and in diaphragm movement on both the affected and healthy sides during quiet breathing and deep breathing. All of the pulmonary function indicators improved significantly in both groups after the treatment, but those of the observation group were, on average, significantly better than the control group′s averages.Conclusions:Combining 3 weeks of respiratory muscle resistance training with electrical stimulation feedback can effectively increase the bilateral thickness of the diaphragm and diaphragm movement in deep breathing of hemiplegic stroke survivors. That reduces the incidence of diaphragm dysfunction.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995126

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the costs and effectiveness of five common screening modes and genetic screening for thalassemia in China in order to find the optimal way and provide evidence for the implementation of thalassemia prevention and control projects in Hunan Province.Methods:From June 2020 to April 2021, 12 971 couples from 14 cities and autonomous prefectures in Hunan Province were selected as the study population. The diagnosis of thalassemia was based on the results of genetic testing. Results of routine blood test and hemoglobin electrophoresis were collected and analyzed. The efficacy of five screening modes, at the cut-off value of <80 fl or 82 fl for the mean corpuscular volume (MCV), was analyzed by positive predictive value, negative predictive value, Jorden index and cost-effectiveness ratio. Sensitivity analysis was used to assess the feasibility of genetic screening at different costs after fixing the costs of routine blood and hemoglobin electrophoresis. The five thalassemia screening models are as follows: Mode 1: The woman had a blood routine test first. If the result was positive, the spouse required a blood routine test. If both results were positive, a thalassemia gene test should be offered to the couple. Mode 2: Both husband and wife were screened by blood routine and hemoglobin electrophoresis. If one or both of them were positive, both would be tested for thalassemia gene. Mode 3: The couple received blood routine tests initially. If either was positive, both should receive hemoglobin electrophoresis testing. If either was positive, both parties will conduct thalassemia gene testing. Mode 4: The woman was screened by blood routine and hemoglobin electrophoresis. If any one of them was positive, the woman would be tested for thalassemia gene. If the gene test result was positive, the spouse should receive thalassemia gene. Mode 5: Both spouses conducted a blood routine test. If either was positive, both would conduct hemoglobin electrophoresis test. If both were positive, both spouses should receive thalassemia gene testing. Gene testing mode: The woman would be tested for thalassemia, and her spouse would have thalassemia test too if her result was positive.Results:When using MCV<80 fl as the cut-off for diagnosing thalassemia, the Youden indices of the five prenatal screening modes in Hunan Province were 0.551, 0.639, 0.898, 0.555 and 0.356, while when using MCV<82 fl as the cut-off, the Youden indices were 0.549, 0.629, 0.851, 0.548 and 0.356. When the MCV cut-off value was <80 fl, the missed diagnosis rates of the five screening modes were 44.44%, 0.00, 0.00, 18.52% and 62.96%, and the cost-effectiveness ratios were 21 709, 250 939, 76 870, 138 463 and 92 860 yuan (RMB)/couple, respectively. When the price of genetic testing was lower than 55 yuan (RMB), the cost-effectiveness ratio of genetic screening was lower than that of Mode 3.Conclusions:MCV<80 fl can be considered as the positive criteria in blood routine screening for thalassemia in Hunan Province, and the cost-effectiveness ratio of Mode 3 (the couple received blood routine tests initially. If either was positive, both should receive hemoglobin electrophoresis testing. If either was positive, both parties will conduct thalassemia gene testing) is the best. Genetic screening has certain advantages with the decreasing price.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994944

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the etiological diagnostic value of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) in peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis.Methods:The study was a retrospective cohort study. The clinical data of patients with PD-related peritonitis who were treated and underwent microbial cultivation and mNGS test at the same time from June 2020 to July 2021 in the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University were analyzed. The positive rate, detection time and consistency between mNGS test and traditional microbial culture were compared.Results:A total of 18 patients with age of (50.4±15.4) years old and median dialysis time of 34.0 (12.4, 62.0) months were enrolled in the study, including 11 males and 7 females. Pathogenic microorganisms were isolated in 17 patients by mNGS test, with a positive rate of 17/18, which was higher than 13/18 of microbial culture, but the difference was not statistically significant ( P=0.219). Both mNGS test and microbial culture isolated positive pathogenic bacteria in 12 patients, and mNGS test isolated the same types of pathogenic bacteria as microbial cultivation did in 11 patients. In five patients with negative microbial culture, mNGS test also isolated pathogenic microorganisms, including 3 cases of Staphylococcus epidermidis, 1 case of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and 1 case of Ureaplasma urealyticum. In 1 patient, microbial culture isolated pathogenic bacteria ( Escherichia coli) whereas mNGS test did not. The detection time of mNGS was 25.0 (24.0, 27.0) h, which was significantly shorter than 89.0 (72.8, 122.0) h of microbial culture ( Z=3.726, P<0.001). Conclusions:mNGS test can improve the detection rate of pathogenic microorganisms in PD-related peritonitis and greatly shorten the detection time, and has good consistency with microbial culture. mNGS may provide a new approach for pathogen identification of PD-related peritonitis, especially refractory peritonitis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 309-312, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and summarize clinical and pathological characteristics of clear cell papulosis (CCP) .Methods:Clinical data were collected from 57 children with CCP, who were diagnosed in Department of Dermatology, Children′s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from November 2014 to March 2022, and their clinical and pathological characteristics were analyzed.Results:Among the 57 patients, 30 were males and 27 were females; their age ranged from 6 months to 7 years and 10 months; the age at onset ranged from 1 to 74 months, and 39 (68.4%) experienced onset of disease in infancy; the course of disease ranged from 1 to 84 months. Skin lesions mainly manifested as millet- to soybean-sized roundish white macules or short bar-like white macules measuring 1 - 2 cm in length. Most patients (49 cases, 85.9%) had skin lesions less than 20 in number. The most common location of skin lesions was the lower abdomen (35 cases, 61.4%), followed in turn by chest or upper abdomen (34 cases, 59.6%), anterior axilla or armpit (17 cases, 29.8%), and vulva (11 cases, 19.3%). Short bar-like white macules predominated on the chest or upper abdomen (23/34, 65.7%) and anterior axilla or armpit (10/17), roundish white macules predominated on the lower abdomen (30/35, 85.7%), and the vulvar lesions all manifested as roundish white macules. Histopathological findings showed that slightly larger cells with abundant clear cytoplasm were scattered in or above the basal layer of the epidermis, and these cells were positive for cytokeratin 7, carcinoembryonic antigen, and periodic acid-Schiff staining.Conclusion:CCP mainly occurred in young children, roundish white macules predominated on the lower abdomen and vulva, and short bar-like white macules predominated on the chest or upper abdomen, as well as on the anterior axilla or armpit, indicating that CCP has strongly identifiable clinical features.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994437

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate differences in bacterial and fungal microbiome between infected nails and healthy nails among patients with onychomycosis.Methods:Nail scraping samples were collected from infected nails and healthy nails of 31 patients with onychomycosis, who visited Dalian Dermatosis Hospital from August 2020 to July 2021. The total DNA of nail microbiota was extracted, and the V3-V4 regions of the bacterial 16S rDNA gene and the fungal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region were amplified and sequenced using Illumina technology. The USEARCH and mothur softwares were used for data cluster analysis to obtain the operational taxonomic units (OTUs) , Wilcoxon rank sum test was used to analyze α diversity, analysis of similarities (ANOSIM) was performed to analyze β diversity, linear discriminant analysis of effect size (LEfSe) was performed to evaluate the species difference.Results:Among the 31 patients with onychomycosis, 16 were males and 15 were females. According to the age, they were divided into young group (18 - 35 years old, 10 cases) , middle-aged group (36 - 60 years old, 11 cases) , and elderly group (over 60 years old, 10 cases) . As the α-diversity analysis revealed, the infected nail group showed significantly decreased Shannon index ( W = 290, P = 0.007) , but significantly increased Simpson index ( W = 663, P = 0.010) compared with the healthy nail group, suggesting that the diversity and evenness of bacterial communities were lower in the infected nail group than in the healthy nail group; however, there was no significant difference in the diversity of fungal communities between the infected nail group and healthy nail group. The β-diversity analysis based on the unweighted-UniFrac distance matrix showed no significant difference in the fungal or bacterial community composition between the infected nail group and healthy nail group (bacterial communities: R = 0.0052, P = 0.331; fungal communities: R = 0.0036, P = 0.337) ; the β-diversity analysis based on the weighted-UniFrac distance matrix showed significant differences in the abundance of bacterial and fungal communities between the two groups (both P = 0.001) . In terms of the species composition, the bacterial flora with significantly decreased abundance in the infected nail group compared with the healthy nail group included Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, Burkholderiales, Ralstonia, Sphingomonas and Streptococcus, while the abundance of Bacilli, Bacillales and Staphylococcus was significantly higher in the infected nail group than in the healthy nail group. Compared with the healthy nail group, the fungal flora with significantly increased abundance in the infected nail group included Eurotiomycetes, Onygenales, Leotiomycetes-ord-incertae-sedis, Arthrodermataceae, Periconia, Erysiphe, Tilletiopsis, Trichophyton, Erysiphe cruciferarum, Trichophyton rubrum, Malassezia sympodialis, while the abundance of Saccharomycetes, Saccharomycetales, Saccharomycetaceae, Dothioraceae, Candida and Alternaria was significantly lower in the infected nail group than in the healthy nail group. Conclusion:The diversity and abundance of bacterial communities significantly differed between infected nails and healthy nails among patients with onychomycosis, while only the abundance of fungal communities differed between the two groups, and perhaps there was correlations between some bacterial and fungal communities.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 799-803, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993895

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and adverse reactions of the regimen containing Bedaquiline in elderly patients with multi-drug resistant tuberculosis.Methods:From March 2019 to June 2022, patients with multi-drug resistant pulmonary tuberculosis admitted to Anhui Chest Hospital were randomly divided into two groups: the observation group was given a treatment containing Bedaquiline, and the control group was given a treatment without Bedaquiline.Patients were also divided into elderly patients(age ≥60 years old)and non-elderly patients(age <60 years old)according to age.Sputum culture conversion, lesion absorption and adverse reactions were compared between the observation group and the control group in general, elderly and non-elderly patients, respectively.Results:A total of 170 cases were collected, including 79 in the observation group and 91 in the control group.Sputum culture conversion: The sputum culture conversion rates of observation groups in general, non-elderly and elderly patients were better than that of control groups at the 3rd month after treatment(the general, 96.2% vs.75.8%, χ2=14.001, P<0.001; the non-elderly, 94.9% vs.82.1%, χ2=4.675, P=0.031; the elderly, 100.0% vs. 65.7%, χ2=8.771, P=0.003), and at the 6th month, the rates of overall observation group was better than that of control group(98.7% vs.92.3%, χ2=3.895, P=0.048); the rates of non-elderly and elderly observation group and control group were all greater than 90%, with no statistical significance( P>0.05). Lesion absorption: Overall and non-elderly observation groups were better than control group in lesion absorption at the 3rd month(the general, 84.8% vs.68.1%, χ2=12.962, P=0.002; the non-elderly, 88.1% vs.71.4%, χ2=9.832, P=0.007; and the 6th month(the general, 88.6% vs.76.9%, χ2=14.888, P=0.001; the non-elderly, 89.8% vs.82.1%, χ2=8.618, P=0.013). The focal absorptivity of senile observation group at the end of March and June were 75.0% and 85.0%, respectively, both better than control group, but the difference was not statistically significant( P>0.05). Adverse reactions: Overall and non-senile observation groups had longer QT interval than control groups( P<0.05), but no patients stopped bedaquiline because of this, and there was no significant difference in QT interval between the two groups( P>0.05). Conclusions:In elderly patients with multi-drug resistant pulmonary tuberculosis, early sputum culture conversion turns fast after treatment with Bedaquiline, which has good therapeutic effect, good tolerance and controllable adverse reactions.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 498-503, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993843

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the association of different biomarkers with frailty in elderly hospitalized patients.Methods:In this cross-sectional study, a total of 319 elderly patients aged 65 years or older hospitalized in Beijing Hospital between September 2018 and February 2019 were enrolled.Patients had a mean age of(75.0±6.6)years and 151(47.3%)were women.Based on the Fried phenotype, patients were divided into a non-frail group(244 cases, 76.5%)and a frail group(75 cases, 23.5%). The clinical characteristics and biomarker levels of the two groups were compared.The association of different biomarkers with frailty was evaluated by using the receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve.The Youden index was used for the optimal cutoff values and the area under the curve(AUC)were calculated.AUCs of different biomarkers were compared to assess their correlations with frailty.Results:Hemoglobin, lipid levels(triglycerides, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol), and prealbumin were significantly lower in the frail group than in the non-frail group( P<0.05), while N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP)and high-sensitivity C reactive protein(hsCRP)levels were significantly higher than in the non-frail group( P<0.05). Thyrotropin(TSH)and free triiodothyronine(FT3)levels were significantly lower( P<0.05)and trans-triiodothyronine(rT3)was significantly higher( P<0.05)in the frail group.The combination of six biomarkers[hemoglobin, prealbumin, hsCRP, 25-dihydroxy vitamin D3[25(OH)D3], rT3 and NT-pro BNP]had the most powerful correlation with frailty(AUC=0.705, 95% CI: 0.652-0.755), but the correlation was not significantly different from that of the combination of 3 markers(hemoglobin, rT3 and hsCRP)(ROC=0.010, 95% CI: -0.0106-0.0306, P>0.05). Either of the two combinations was significantly better than the combination of 2 markers(hemoglobin and rT3)(ROC=0.143, 95% CI: 0.0406-0.245; ROC=0.153, 95% CI: 0.0498-0.256; all P<0.01). Conclusions:Hemoglobin, lipids, prealbumin, TSH and FT3 levels decrease while NT-proBNP and hsCRP levels increase in elderly hospitalized frail patients.The 6-biomarker combination[hemoglobin, prealbumin, hsCRP, 25(OH)D3, rT3 and NT-pro BNP]and 3-biomarker combination(hemoglobin, rT3 and hsCRP)have better correlation with frailty than the 2-biomarker combination(hemoglobin and rT3).

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 154-158, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993786

ABSTRACT

Objective:We evaluated frailty in elderly hospitalized patients with atrial fibrillation and analyzed the relevance, consistency, and diagnostic power of different frailty tools.Methods:From September 2018 to April 2019, a total of 197 elderly patients with atrial fibrillation aged ≥ 65 years in Beijing Hospital, Chinese PLA General Hospital, and Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital were prospectively enrolled.Five frailty tools, including the clinical frailty scale(CFS), FRAIL scale(FRAIL), Fried frailty phenotype(Fried), Edmonton frail scale(EFS), and comprehensive geriatric assessment-frailty index(CGA-FI), were used for frailty assessment.Results:A total of 197 hospitalized elderly patients with atrial fibrillation were enrolled, with an average age of(77.5±7.1)years old(57.4% male). The prevalence of frailty, according to the five frailty tools, were 25.4%(FRAIL), 27.9%(EFS), 34.5%(Fried), 40.6%(CFS), and 42.6%(CGA-FI), respectively.CFS had a good correlation(correlation coefficient 0.80)and and consistency(Kappa value 0.71, 95% CI 0.61~0.81)with CGA-FI.The combined frailty index was used as the gold standard for frailty diagnosis.The results showed that CFS and CGA-FI had high diagnostic sensitivity(95.9 % and 98.0 %, respectively)and specificity(77.7 % and 75.7 %, respectively). Conclusions:Frailty is common in elderly hospitalized patients with atrial fibrillation, showing multidimensional features, and physical weakness is not prominet.CFS and CGA-FI are recommended for the assessment of frailty in patients with atrial fibrillation, which had good correlation and consistency.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 859-863, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992390

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the expression of Toll like receptor 3 (TLR3) in human adenocarcinoma of the lung cells induced by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and its significance in the diagnosis of pneumonia in children.Methods:A549 cells were divided into RSV infection group [added 1 μg/ml Lipopolysaccharide (TLR3 agonist) transfected RSV virus after 150 μl intervention], Lipopolysaccharide stimulation group (added 1 μg/ml Lipopolysaccharide 150 μl intervention) and normal control group (normal culture). The mRNA expressions of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin 8, TLR3 protein and TLR3 in A549 Cells of different groups were compared. We prospectively selected 80 children with RSV infectious pneumonia admitted to Baoding Second Central Hospital from August 2019 to October 2021 as the RSV pneumonia group, and sixty children with common pneumonia were taken as the common pneumonia group, and 60 healthy children in our hospital were taken as the control group. The mRNA expression of serum TLR3 in different groups was compared, and the diagnostic efficacy of serum TLR3 in RSV pneumonia was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic.Results:There was a statistically significant difference in the expression of TLR3 protein among different groups of A549 cells ( P<0.001). The expression differences of TLR3 mRNA in different groups of A549 cells at different time points were statistically significant(all P<0.001). There was significant difference in the expression of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin 8 of A549 cells at different time points in different groups (all P<0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in the expression of serum TLR3 mRNA among the three groups of subjects ( F=155.237, P<0.001). The critical value for TLR3 gene diagnosis was 66.87, with corresponding sensitivity of 73.75%, specificity of 70.83%, and the area under curve (AUC) of 0.803(95% CI: 0.753-0.855). Conclusions:Respiratory syncytial virus induces human lung cancer cells and promotes disease progression through TLR3 expression; Serum TLR3 can be used for the diagnosis of RSV pneumonia.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992084

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mediating role of self-perceptions of aging between frailty and cognitive function in community-dwelling older adults.Methods:From February to July 2021, a total of 528 elderly people in Xinxiang community were investigated with the frailty phenotype, the brief self-perceptions ageing questionnaire and the Mini-mental state examination(MMSE) scale.According to the MMSE total score and education level, the subjects were divided into cognitive impairment group (illiteracy≤17, primary school≤20, junior high school and above≤24, n=74) and cognitive normal group( n=454). SPSS 25.0 software was used for common method deviation test, descriptive statistics and correlation analysis, while AMOS 24.0 software was used to build structural equation model and Bootstrap method was used for intermediary effect test. Results:(1)The prevalence of cognitive impairment among the elderly in the community was 14.1%. The differences between the cognitively normal group and cognitively impaired group were statistically significant in terms of age, education, number of chronic diseases suffered and depression ( χ2=59.21, 6.53, 9.84, 25.47, all P<0.05). The differences were statistically significant in terms of frailty( χ2=75.65, P<0.001) and self-perceptions of aging ( t=77.67, P<0.001). (2)Self-perceptions of aging in the cognitively impaired group (47.39±8.66) was higher than that in the cognitively normal group (38.22±8.24) ( t=77.67, P<0.001) .Frailty score in cognitively impaired group (2.00 (1.00, 3.00)) was higher than that in the cognitively normal group (0.00 (0.00, 1.00))( Z=-8.63, P<0.001) . (3)Frailty was negatively correlated with cognitive function ( r=-0.492, P<0.01), and positively correlated with self-perceptions of aging ( r=0.540, P<0.01). Self-perceptions of aging was negatively correlated with cognitive function ( r=-0.541, P<0.01) . After controlling the influencing factors such as age, education level, chronic diseases and depression, the correlation was still significant (all P<0.01) . (4) Self-perceptions of aging played a partially mediating role in the relationship between frailty and cognitive function, the mediating effect accounted for 58.5% of the total effect. Conclusion:Frailty and self-perceptions of aging have a significant impact on the cognitive function of the elderly in the community, and self-perceptions of aging plays a partial intermediary role between the frailty and cognitive function of the elderly in the community.

15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 263-268, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992014

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect and safety of continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH)+double plasma molecular absorption (DPMA)+hemoperfusion (HP), CVVH+HP, and CVVH+plasma exchange (PE) in treatment of patient with severe wasp stings injury.Methods:Multicenter, historical cohort study and superiority test were used. From July 2020 to October 2022, patients with wasp sting injury and multiple organ damage admitted to the intensive care units (ICU) of five hospitals were consecutively screened and recruited into the CVVH+DPMA+HP group (intervention group). Propensity score matching was used to establish historical cohorts. Patients with severe wasp sting injury who hospitalized from January 2016 to June 2020 in each ICU were collected and matched 1∶1 with the intervention group, and divided into CVVH+HP group and CVVH+PE group according to their actual hemopurification protocols (historical control groups). The primary outcome was the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score on days 3 and 7 after initiation of treatment. Secondary outcomes included complications, length of ICU and hospital stays, and all-cause mortality. Multivariate Cox proportional risk regression was used to analyze the prognosis of patients.Results:After propensity score matching, 56 patients in intervention group and each of the two historical control groups were matched successfully. There were no significant differences in age, gender, comorbidities, biochemical test indices and critical illness scores among the groups. After treatment, APACHE Ⅱ score markedly declined in all groups, and the decrease was faster in the intervention group; treatment with DPMA [hazard ratio ( HR) = 1.04, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.02-1.08, P = 0.00], the decreased levels of body temperature ( HR = 1.02, 95% CI was 1.00-1.03, P = 0.02), serum creatine kinase (CK; HR = 0.98, 95% CI was 0.96-1.00, P = 0.05) and myoglobin (MYO; HR = 2.88, 95% CI was 1.24-6.69, P = 0.01) were independent risk factors for APACHE Ⅱ score decline to the target value (15 scores). There were no significant differences in the incidence of bleeding complications, filter or perfusion thrombosis, blood pressure reduction, catheter-related infection and anaphylaxis among the groups. Conclusion:CVVH+DPMA+HP regimen can significantly reduce the APACHE Ⅱ score of patients with severe wasp sting injury, and the efficacy is superior to CVVH+HP and CVVH+PE regimens, with safety.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990702

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based radiomics model for microsatellite instability (MSI) of rectal cancer.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 117 patients with rectal cancer who were admitted to 2 medical centers, including 74 in Ningbo Urology & Nephrology Hospital and 43 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, from January 2020 to December 2022 were collected. There were 73 males and 44 females, aged (63±5)years. Based on random number table, all 117 patients were divided into the training dataset of 70 cases and the test dataset of 47 cases with a ratio of 7:3. All patients underwent pelvic MRI exami-nation. Observation indicators: (1) construction of radiomics prediction model and analysis of charac-teristics; (2) analysis of factors influencing MSI of rectal cancer in the training dataset; (3) construc-tion and evaluation of the prediction model for MSI of rectal cancer. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3), and compari-son between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test. Univariate analysis was conducted using the one way ANOVA and multivariate analysis was conducted using the Logistic regression model with forward method. The receiver operating characteristic curve was drawn, and the area under the curve (AUC), decision curve, calibration curve and Delong test were used to evaluate the predictive ability of prediction model. Results:(1) Construction of radiomics prediction model and analysis of characteristics. Five thousand five hundred and eighty radiomics features were finally extracted from the 117 patients. Based on the feature selection using the maximum correlation minimum redundancy method, and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator fitting algorithm, 9 radiomics features were finally selected. The radiomics prediction model was constructed based on calculation of the radiomics score. (2) Analysis of factors influencing MSI of rectal cancer in the training dataset. Results of multivariate analysis showed that platelet count was an independent influencing factor for MSI of rectal cancer [ odds ratio=1.13, 95% confidence interval ( CI) as 1.06-1.21, P<0.05]. (3) Construction and evaluation of the prediction model for MSI of rectal cancer. The clinical prediction model and clinical-radiomics combined prediction model were constructed based on the results of multivariate analysis. The AUC of clinical prediction model, radiomics prediction model, clinical-radiomics combined prediction model in the training dataset was 0.94 (95% CI as 0.86-0.98), 0.96 (95% CI as 0.88-0.99), 0.99 (95% CI as 0.93-1.00), respectively, with the sensitivity and specificity as 90.7%, 91.2%, 96.9% and 85.0%, 88.9%, 94.3%. Results of Delong test showed that there was a significant difference in the predictive performance between the clinical-radiomics combined prediction model and the clinical prediction model ( Z=2.20, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the radiomics prediction model and the clinical-radiomics combined prediction model or the clinical prediction model ( Z=1.94, 0.60, P>0.05). The AUC of clinical prediction model, radiomics prediction model, clinical-radiomics combined prediction model in the test dataset was 0.97 (95% CI as 0.88-1.00), 0.86 (95% CI as 0.73-0.95), 0.97(95% CI as 0.87-1.00), respectively, with the sensitivity and specificity as 99.3%, 95.8%, 99.3% and 85.7%, 73.9%, 90.5%. Results of Delong test showed that there was a significant difference in the predictive performance between the clinical-radiomics combined prediction model and the radiomics prediction model ( Z=2.21, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the clinical prediction model and the clinical-radiomics combined prediction model or the radiomics prediction model ( Z=0.17, 1.82, P>0.05). Results of calibration curve showed that clinical prediction model, radiomics prediction model, clinical-radiomics combined prediction model had good ability in predicting the MSI status of rectal cancer. Results of decision curve showed that compared to clinical prediction model and radiomics prediction model, clinical-radiomics combined prediction model had greatest net gain in predicting the MSI of rectal cancer. Conclusion:The prediction model based on 9 radiomics features after selecting can effectively predict the MSI status of rectal cancer, and the clinical-radiomics combined prediction model has a better prediction efficiency.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989997

ABSTRACT

Infantile spasms(IS) is the prevalent epilepsy syndrome in infancy, characterized by an early age of onset, distinctive seizure type, hypsarrhythmia on electroencephalography, and psychomotor retardation.Despite the fact that medication therapy is the primary treatment for IS, there are still some children with IS who are resistant to drug therapy, which is extremely detrimental to their prognosis.Therefore, surgical therapy has increasingly become one of the most prominent IS treatments.As of now, the indications, preoperative evaluation, and surgical techniques of surgery are continuously being investigated based on variables such as the disease, etiology, age, etcetera.The effect of surgery on cognitive function, physical function, linguistic capacity, and memory function is gaining increasing interest.This article described the indications, preoperative evaluation, surgical procedures (including resection, palliative surgery, and stereotactic surgery), and postoperative efficacy of surgical treatment for IS, with the goal of improving the prognosis of IS through precise surgical treatment, and providing more treatment options and a good long-term prognosis for children with drug-resistant IS.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989658

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the medication law in prescriptions of Professor Shao Nianfang in the treatment of kidney deficiency and bone marrow loss in senile dementia based on data mining.Methods:Medical cases of kidney deficiency and bone marrow loss in senile dementia in the Geriatric Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from 1st Jan. 2014 to 31st Oct, 2019 were collected. Through hospital electronic medical records system prescription statistics, using ancient and modern medical case cloud platform (V1.2.4), medication frequency, property ans taste, efficacy analysis, correlation rule analysis, clustering analysis and complex network analysis were performed.Results:Totally 110 cases were included in medical cases, involving 238 kinds of Chinese materia medica. The top 10 Chinese materia medica with use frequency were Poria, Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma, Corni Fructus, Dioscoreae Rhizoma, Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata, Alpiniae Oxyphyllae Fructus, Rehmanniae Radix, Astragali Radix, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma; the properties were mainly mild, warm slight cold, and cold; the tastes were mainly sweet, bitter, pungent, and light; the meridians were mainly spleen, liver, lung and kidney meridians; the efficacy was clearing dampness and promoting diuresis, clearing heat and promoting blood circulation, calming mind, clearing heat and detoxification, reducing dampness and promote appetizing, tonifying spleen; the association analysis found 15 groups of drug combinations used more than 25 times, they were: Corni Fructus and Poria, Corni Fructus and Dioscoreae Rhizoma, Dioscoreae Rhizoma and Corni Fructus, Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata and Corni Fructus, Dioscoreae Rhizoma and Poria, Astragali Radix and Poria, Alismatis Rhizoma and Poria, Moutan Cortex and Poria, Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata and Poria, Rehmanniae Radix and Poria, Polygalae Radix and Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma, Moutan Cortex and Corni Fructus, Moutan Cortex and Dioscoreae Rhizoma, Alismatis Rhizoma and Corni Fructus, Alismatis Rhizoma and Dioscoreae Rhizoma; clustering analysis identified four groups of new prescriptions, the first group: Poria, Rehmanniae Radix, Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata, Alismatis Rhizoma, Moutan Cortex, Corni Fructus, Dioscoreae Rhizoma; the second group: Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma, Cistanches Herba, Morindae Officinalis Radix; the third group: Alpiniae Oxyphyllae Fructus, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle; the fourth group: Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Codonopsis Radix, Astragali Radix, Angelicae Sinensis Radix; the results of complex network analysis showed that the core prescription was modified Liuwei Dihuang Pills. Conclusion:This study found that in view of kidney deficiency and bone marrow loss in senile dementia, Professor Shao pays attention to strengthening the healthy qi, and focuses on tonifying deficiency, taking into account the methods of clearing dampness, clearing heat, detoxification, removing blood stasis and restoring consciousness. The four new prescriptions found in the study can provide a reference for modified medication for syndrome differentiation.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988735

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo assess the value of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in the treatment of uterine fibroid using magnetic resonance guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS). MethodsThe MRI and clinical data of 56 patients with uterine fibroid before, at 3 and 6 months after MRgFUS treatment, at Foshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from December 2018 to October 2022, were retrospectively analyzed. The correlation between the ADC value and lesion volume, symptoms severity score (SSS) and uterine fibroid symptoms quality of life questionnaire (UFS-QOL) were analyzed. ANOVA was used to compare the differences in related parameters before and after treatment, and Pearson’s method was performed to analyze data correlation. ResultsThere were significant differences in ADC value [(1.11±0.13), (1.84±0.09), (2.12±0.24),×10-3/(mm2/s)], lesion volume (102±35.30, 56.70±18.88, 46.93±18.99,cm3), SSS (36.73±11.74, 21.77±10.21, 17.66±9.30) and UFS-QOL score (59.05±17.48, 76.54±16.50, 82.46±12.37) between before treatment and each time point after treatment (F value was 557.837, 73.589, 53.976 and 37.606, respectively, all P<0.05). The ADC values were negatively correlated with lesion volume and SSS, and positively correlated with UFS-QOL score, with correlation coefficients of -0.586, -0.630 and 0.592, respectively (all P<0.05). ConclusionThe ADC value has clinical significance for the treatment of uterine fibroid using MRgFUS.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970300

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study was aimed at investigating the carrier rate of, and molecular variation in, α- and β-globin gene mutations in Hunan Province.@*METHODS@#We recruited 25,946 individuals attending premarital screening from 42 districts and counties in all 14 cities of Hunan Province. Hematological screening was performed, and molecular parameters were assessed.@*RESULTS@#The overall carrier rate of thalassemia was 7.1%, including 4.83% for α-thalassemia, 2.15% for β-thalassemia, and 0.12% for both α- and β-thalassemia. The highest carrier rate of thalassemia was in Yongzhou (14.57%). The most abundant genotype of α-thalassemia and β-thalassemia was -α 3.7/αα (50.23%) and β IVS-II-654/β N (28.23%), respectively. Four α-globin mutations [CD108 (ACC>AAC), CAP +29 (G>C), Hb Agrinio and Hb Cervantes] and six β-globin mutations [CAP +8 (C>T), IVS-II-848 (C>T), -56 (G>C), beta nt-77 (G>C), codon 20/21 (-TGGA) and Hb Knossos] had not previously been identified in China. Furthermore, this study provides the first report of the carrier rates of abnormal hemoglobin variants and α-globin triplication in Hunan Province, which were 0.49% and 1.99%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Our study demonstrates the high complexity and diversity of thalassemia gene mutations in the Hunan population. The results should facilitate genetic counselling and the prevention of severe thalassemia in this region.


Subject(s)
Humans , beta-Thalassemia/genetics , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , Hemoglobinopathies/genetics , China/epidemiology , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
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