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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 109-113, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920561

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence of hypertension among primary and middle school students living in Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province, so as to provide insights into comprehensive hypertension control among children and adolescents.@*Methods@# Primary and middle school students at ages of 7 to 17 years were recruited for a questionnaire survey in Suzhou City using the stratified cluster random sampling method from September to December, 2020, and the height and body weight were measured. Blood pressure was measured at three separate clinic visits according to the national criteria Reference of Screening for Elevated Blood Pressure among Children and Adolescents Aged 7-18 Years ( WS/T 610-2018 ), and the detection of elevated blood pressure was estimated at three separate visits. In addition, factors affecting elevated blood pressure were identified. @*Results@#A total of 3 713 students were enrolled, including 1 924 boys ( 51.82% ) and 1 789 girls ( 48.18% ). The detection of elevated blood pressure was 13.63%, 5.36%, and 3.37% at three separate visits, respectively, and the prevalence of hypertension ( elevated blood pressure at all three visits ) was 3.37%. The detection rates of elevated blood pressure were all higher at three visits ( 16.90%, 8.40%, and 5.26% ) among students at ages of 12 to 17 years than among students at ages of 7 to 11 years ( 9.65%, 1.67%, and 1.07%, P<0.05 ). The detection of elevated blood pressure was significantly higher in boys ( 15.23% ) than in girls (11.91%) at the first visit ( P<0.05 ), while no significant differences were seen at the second or third visit ( P>0.05 ). In addition, higher detection rates of elevated blood pressure were seen in obese ( 27.62%, 11.51%, and 7.06% ) and overweight students ( 17.45%, 6.95%, and 4.85% ) than in students with normal weight ( 9.44%, 3.54%, and 2.15% ) at all three visits, and greater detection rates of elevated blood pressure were found in obese students than in overweight students at the first and second visits ( P<0.017 ).@*Conclusions @#The prevalence of hypertension was 3.37% based on three separate visits among primary and middle school students in Suzhou City. Measurement of blood pressure at three separate visits within different days is effective to reduce the false positive rate of hypertension and decrease misdiagnosis among children and adolescents.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904628

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the sensitivity of adult worms of filial generations from praziquantel-resistant and -sensitive Schistosoma japonicum mixed infections to praziquantel. Methods Mice were infected with the cercariae of an experimentally generated praziquantel-resistant S. japonicum isolate [median effective dose (ED50) = 277.4 mg/kg] and a laboratory-maintained praziquantel-sensitive S. japonicum isolate (ED50 = 99.6 mg/kg) at a mixture ratio of 1:1 and 2:1, which was maintained in the laboratory via the mouse-snail cycle for 8 generations. Then, mice were infected with the cercariae of the 8th filial-generation parasite, and grouped 35 days post-infection. Mice in the 5 treatment groups were given praziquantel treatment by gavage at a single oral dose of 37.5, 75, 150, 300 mg/kg and 600 mg/kg, while animals in the control group was administered orally with 2.5% cremophor EL. All mice were sacrificed 14 days post-treatment and adult worms were collected by perfusion of the portal vein. The worm burden reductions and praziquantel ED50 values were calculated. The praziquantel-resistant S. japonicum isolate generated from experimental induction with 12 rounds of praziquantel treatment with sub-curative doses was maintained in the laboratory via the mouse-snail cycle, and mice were infected with the cercariae of the 8th filial-generation parasite. The praziquantel ED50 value against the 8th filial-generation adults was measured. Results After mice were infected with the mixture of cercariae of PZQ-resistant and -sensitive S. japonicum isolates at a ratio of 1:1, the praziquantel ED50 was 135.2 mg/kg against the adults of the 8th filial-generation parasite. After mice were infected with the mixture of cercariae of PZQ-resistant and -sensitive S. japonicum isolates at a ratio of 2:1, the praziquantel ED50 was 129.2 mg/kg against the adults of the 8th filial-generation parasite. In addition, the praziquantel ED50 was 208.4 mg/kg against the adults of the 8th filial-generation S. japonicum without the selection pressure of praziquantel. Conclusions Compared with the experimentally induced praziquantel-resistant S. japonicum isolate, the adult worms of the filial-generation S. japonicum show a reduced sensitivity to praziquantel in the same host following infection with the mixture of cercariae of praziquantel-resistant and -sensitive S. japonicum isolates. The adult worms of the filial generation of the praziquantel-resistant S. japonicum isolate without the selection pressure of praziquantel may still maintain the resistance to praziquantel.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911745

ABSTRACT

In order to provide efficient medical care to atrial fibrillation patients in the community, the Huamu Community Health Service Center in association with its medical consortium, Renji Hospital have developed a novel atrial fibrillation management system. With the collaboration of general practitioners and specialist team from the tertiary hospital, a special clinic for atrial fibrillation has been set up in the community health service center, which is based on the internet technology and the medical consortium platform. This article introduces the development of this novel system and the initial outcome of the measures, to provide a reference for the management of atrial fibrillation patients in the community.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880545

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize current hotspots and predict the potential trends in traditional drugs of diabetes treatment for further research.@*METHODS@#Publications on the application of traditional drugs in diabetes treatment were searched from PubMed without language limits. Highly frequent MeSH terms were identified through Bibliographic Item Co-Occurrence Matrix Builder (BICOMB). Biclustering analysis results were visualized utilizing the gCLUTO software. Finally, a strategic diagram was generated.@*RESULTS@#Totally 2,386 relevant publications were obtained from PubMed on November 9th, 2018, and 69 highly frequent MeSH terms were identified. Biclustering analysis revealed that these highly frequent MeSH terms were classified into 7 clusters. After calculating the density and centrality of each cluster, strategy diagram was presented. Cluster 0 "Chinese medicine monomers such as antioxidant and hypoglycemic effects" was considered as the most potential research hotspot.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, we found 7 topics related to the application of traditional drugs in diabetes treatment. The molecular mechanisms of Chinese medicine monomers in diabetes could become a potential hotspot with high centricity and low density.

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1129-1135, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888528

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of CDK1 interference regulation of PLK1, Aurora B and TRF1 on the proliferation of leukemia cells.@*METHODS@#The human myelogenous leukemia cell line HL-60 was selected as the research object, and the effect of TRF1 expression and its changes on cell proliferation and cycle was investigated by regulating intracellular CDK1 expression. The objects were divided into 5 groups, including control group, shRNA-NC group, CDK1-shRNA group, pcDNA group and pcDNA-CDK1 group. RT-PCR was used to detect the CDK1 expression of cells in each group; colony formation was used to detect the proliferation of the cells. Western blot was used to detect the expression of CDK1, PLK1, Aurora B, TRF1, and cyclin p53, p27, cyclinA.@*RESULTS@#The phosphorylation level of PLK1, Aurora B and the expression of TRF1 in the CDK1-shRNA group were significantly down-regulated as compared with those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the cells in CDK1-shRNA group showed lower clone formation rate, the increasing of cycle-associated proteins p53 and p27 and the decreasing of cyclinA expression (P<0.05). It was shown that interfered CDK1 expression could inhibit the proliferation of HL-60 cells and prolong the time that they enter mitosis, thereby extending the cell cycle. Compared with the control group, the overexpressed CDK1 in the pcDNA-CDK1 group made the phosphorylation level of PLK1, Aurora B, and TRF1 expression increase significantly (P<0.05), also the colony formation rate (P<0.05). The cycle-related proteins p53 and p27 was down-regulated, while cyclinA expression was up-regulate significantly (P<0.05). The results indicted that overexpressed CDK1 could stimulate adverse reactions, thereby promoting the proliferation of HL-60 cells and shortening the cell cycle.@*CONCLUSION@#Knocking out CDK1 can inhibit the phosphorylation of PLK1 and Aurora B and negatively regulate TRF1, thereby inhibiting the proliferation of leukemia cells.


Subject(s)
CDC2 Protein Kinase , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Leukemia , Mitosis , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910497

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of Myosin X on the radiosensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell line H1975 in vitro. Methods:Western blot was applied to detect the expression level of Myosin X expression. The H1975 cell line with stable knockout of Myosin X (KO group) and infected with control virus (NC group) were constucted by using CRISPR/Cas9 technique. The knockout efficiency was validated. The radiosensitivity of two cell lines was measured by colony formation assay and single-hit multi-target model. γ-H 2AX focus formation test and RNA sequencing (RNAseq) analysis were employed to identify the regulatory mechanism of the radiosensitivity of lung cancer cell lines mediated by Myosin X. Results:The expression level of Myosin X in the H1975 cells was significantly up-regulated than those in other NSCLC cell lines (all P<0.01). The lentiviral vector of Myosin X sgRNA-Lenti-CRISPR v2 was successfully constructed. After the puromycin screening, H1975 cell lines with complete knockout of Myosin X and control cell lines (NC group) were obtained. Colony formation assay demonstrated that compared with the NC group, the radiosensitivity in the KO group was significantly higher (The D 0 value was decreased from 1.28 Gy to 1.03 Gy, SF 2 decreased from 0.29 to 0.21, and the sensitization ratio was 1.24). The γ-H 2AX focus formation test showed that the number of damage focus formed at 1 h and 6 h after irradiation in the KO group was significantly larger than that in the NC group ( P<0.05. RNAseq analysis indicated that the expression level of ISLR in the KO group was significantly down-regulated than that IN the NC group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Knockout of Myosin X can increase the radiosensitivity of H1975 cells probably by interfering the repair of DNA double-strand damage and down-regulating the expression level of ISLR.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905473

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics and related factors of unmet needs of nursing care and service for adults with extremely severe and severe intellectual disabilities. Methods:A total of 127 547 adults with extremely severe and severe intellectual disabilities were sampled. Descriptive statistics and multiple response analysis were conducted, and a structural equation model of unmet needs of nursing care and received the services was developed. Results:A total of 26 038 adults with extremely severe and severe intellectual disabilities reported unmet needs of rehabilitation, including nursing care (52.50%), medicine (36.90%), assistive device (20.90%), functional training (19.70%) and surgery (0.80%) respectively. A total of 11 640 adults with extremely severe and severe intellectual disabilities reported received rehabilitation services, including nursing care (49.90%), medicine (36.80%), functional training (19.10%), assistive device (14.10%) and surgery (1.00%) respectively. The structural equation model showed that received nursing care service (main effect = 0.646) and received rehabilitation services (included nursing care) (main effect = 0.014), age (main effect = 0.031), household registration (main effect = 0.015) and educational level (main effect = -0.158) had effects on unmet needs of nursing care (P < 0.001). Conclusion:Adults with extremely severe and severe intellectual disabilities reported unmet needs mainly involved in field of nursing care, and their rehabilitation services mapped to their main needs. It proposed to develop rehabilitation services tailored to their rehabilitation experience, age, socioeconomic status, functional conditions and characteristic of unmet needs, to develop accessible services items and individualized nursing care programs, and to expand the nursing care service supply and coverage of nursing care.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905472

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics and the influential factors of unmet needs and services development of rehabilitation for people with extremely severe hearing disability (PSHDs). Methods:A total of 90 052 PSHDs were included. Multiple response was used to analyze the characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation. The structural equation model of the received service and unmet needs of PSHDs was developed. Results:The reporting rate of unmet needs of rehabilitation for PSHDs, from high to low, were assistive devices (61.5%), nursing care (24.1%), medicine (23.4%), functional training (17.6%) and surgery (2.5%). The reporting rate of received service for PSHDs, from high to low, were assistive devices (58.3%), nursing care (24.4%), medicine (22.4%), functional training (22.0%) and surgery (2.2%). Structural Equation Model showed that the more services received, the more needs for cochlear implantation surgery and speech therapy (P < 0.001); the better family income situation, the more needs for cochlear implantation surgery (P < 0.001); and age factor had significant effects on the unmet needs of cochlear implantation surgery and speech therapy (P < 0.001). Conclusion:PSHDs reported unmet needs and received services mainly included assistive devices, nursing care, medicine and functional rehabilitation training. Those PSHDs who had received services would report more demand of unmet needs, supposed that improving the accessibility and coverage of services should be emphasized in the development of rehabilitation services. According to ICF model, on the basis of the characteristics of the unmet needs of PSHDs, it proposed to take measures to implement precise rehabilitation services to improve the quality of services.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905470

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation for people with hearing disability (PHD). Methods:A total of 219 473 PHDs administration data of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation at provincial level were sampled (2019) and analyzed the characteristics of needs and services of rehabilitation with multiple response analysis, and the related factors of needs and services with Logistic regression. Results:There were 47 657 (21.7%) PHDs reported their unmet needs of rehabilitation, from high to low were assistive devices (65.5%), medicine (22.7%), nursing care (19.1%), functional training (16.2%) and surgery (2.2%). There were 34 684 (18.8%) PHDs reported their received services, from high to low were assistive devices (59.8%), medicine (22.5%), functional training (19.7%), nursing care (19.4%) and surgery (1.8%). The logistic regression model showed that age, types of household registration and severities of disabilities related with the reported unmet needs and received services (P < 0.001). Conclusion:PHDs mainly reported unmet needs in the fields of assistive devices, medicine, and rehabilitation training. The reported unmet needs for PHDs had matched the received services structurally. It proposed to use modern science and technology to develop services delivery and to improve accessibility and quality of rehabilitation services.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905469

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of needs and development of rehabilitation services for people with visual disability (PVD). Methods:A total of 241 865 PVDs administration data of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation at provincial level were sampled and analyzed the characteristics of needs and services of rehabilitation, and the related factors of needs and services. Results:There were 50 882 (21.0%) PVDs reported their needs of rehabilitation, from high to low were assistive devices (56.5%), medicine (29.0%), nursing care (24.6%), functional training (15.5%), and surgery (4.2%). There were 43 492 (18.0%) PVDs reported their received services of rehabilitation, from high to low were assistive devices (55.0%), medicine (21.6 %), nursing care (20.8%), functional training (20.7%) and surgery (2.3%). The logistic regression model showed that severities of disabilities related with the reported unmet needs and received services (P < 0.001). Conclusion:PVDs reported unmet needs mainly in the fields of assistive devices, medicine, and nursing care. There is match structure of unmet needs and received services. It is important to provide accessible information environment. Information and communication technology (ICT) are proposed to assistive technology services for PVDs to enhance their capacity of information acquisition and to promote their participations.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the status of disability, and characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation for children with disabilities (CWDs). Methods:A total of 130 290 CWDs administration data of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation at provincial level had been sampled and analyzed. Results:CWDs accounted for 5.33% of the total population with disabilities, in which, 60.4% were boys and 39.6% were girls; 16.3% aged 0 to nine years and 83.7% were seven to 18 years old; 88.4% with agricultural household and 11.6% with non-agricultural household. The distribution of disability severity from severe to mild were 28.3%, 39.5%, 17.7% and 14.6%. The reported unmet needs included assistive devices (40.3%), functional training (37.4%), nursing care (32.2%), medicine (24.9%) and surgery (5.7%). The received services involved in assistive devices (37.9%), functional training (33.7%), nursing care (31.0%), medicine (19.7%) and surgery (2.9%). Logistic Regression model showed that severities of disabilities had significant effects on reported unmet needs and received services (P < 0.001). Conclusion:Implement rehabilitation programs would be tailored to the unmet needs of rehabilitation as CWDs had functioning oriented unmet needs. It proposed to develop individualized and structured rehabilitation services to improve the accessibility and quality of rehabilitation for CWDs.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905466

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the status of disability, characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation and their related factors for adults with disabilities (AWDs). Methods:A total of 2 315 498 AWDs were sampled from the provincial level administration data (2019). Multiple response analysis was used to analysis the disability status of AWDs, characteristics of unmet needs and received services of rehabilitation, and related factors were explored with Logistic regression. Results:The distribution of disabilities for AWDs from high to low were physical disabilities (62.2%), visual disabilities (9.9%), intellectual disabilities (8.4%), mental disorders (7.3%), hearing disabilities (6.9%), multiple disabilities (2.8%) and speech disabilities (2.5%). The reporting rate of unmet needs of rehabilitation for AWDs from high to low were assistive devices (49.0%), medicine (33.3%), nursing care (27.7%), functional training (20.2%) and surgery (1.9%). The reporting rate of received service for AWDs from high to low were assistive devices (44.1%), nursing care (26.6%), medicine (25.9%), functional training (22.2%) and surgery (1.3%). The logistic regression model shown that types and severities of disabilities had significant effects on unmet needs and received services of rehabilitation for AWDs (P < 0.001). Conclusion:The reporting of unmet needs for AWDs had been influenced by their functioning and disability. There were gaps between unmet needs and received services. It proposed to develop precise and individualized reporting of unmet needs and service programs for AWDs.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905422

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Tai Ji Quan in the progress of rehabilitation training for elderly patients with heart failure after myocardial infarction. Methods:From January, 2017 to June, 2019, a total of 200 elderly patients with heart failure after myocardial infarction were divided into control group (n = 100) and experimental group (n = 100). The control group received routine medicine, and the experimental group received Tai Ji Quan exercise in addition. After 24-week treatment, their cardiac functional grading, plasma levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and aldosterone (ALD), six minutes walking distance (6MWD), left ventricular ejection fractions (LVEF), quality of life, and readmission rate and mortality rate were compared. Results:After treatment, the cardiac function was better in the experimental group than in the control group (χ2 > 5.143, P < 0.05); the plasma levels of BNP and ALD, 6MWD, LVEF and quality of life significantly improved (|t| > 9.883, P < 0.001), and were better in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 4.023, P < 0.001). The readmission rate and mortality rate were lower in the experimental group than in the control group, but no significant difference was found (P > 0.05). Conclusion:Tai Ji Quan exercise could improve the cardiac function, exercise tolerance and quality of life of the elderly patients with heart failure after myocardial infarction.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825231

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and changing patterns of Schistosoma japonicum infections in goats in Dantu District of Zhenjiang City, so as to provide the scientific data for the management of in livestock. Methods The S. japonicum infections were detected using a miracidial hatching test (one test for one stool specimen) in goats grazed in settings with snail habitats in Dantu District of Zhenjiang City at spring and autumn of each year from 2004 to 2019, and the prevalence and intensity of S. japonicum infections were estimated. Results A total of 21 836 goat stool samples were detected from 2004 to 2019, and 86 were positive for S. japonicum (0.39% prevalence). The highest prevalence of S. japonicum infections in goats was seen in 2004 (1.25%) and no infections were detected in goats since 2013. S. japonicum-infected goats were identified in marshland-type endemic areas and plain regions with waterway networks, and there was a significant difference in the prevalence of S. japonicum infections in goats between these two types of endemic areas (0.50% vs. 0.15%; χ2 = 11.566, P < 0.05). The prevalence of S. japonicum infections was significantly greater in goats at ages of more than 10 months (0.51%) and over 10 months (0.44%) than in other goats (χ2 = 13.088, P < 0.05), and higher prevalence was found in autumn than in spring (0.54% vs. 0.27%; χ2 = 9.597, P < 0.05). In addition, there were 76.74% of S. japonicum-infected goats with intensity of“+++”and“++++”. Conclusions Although the high prevalence of S. japonicum infections has been effectively controlled in goats in Dantu District, goat remains to be an important source of S. japonicum infections that should be given a high priority for control to consolidate the schistosomiasis control achievements.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 998-1000, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823162

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the dietary behavior of Tibetan primary school students in Lhasa from 2014 to 2019, and to provide support for dietary behavior improvement.@*Methods@#In 2014 and 2019, 1 128 and 1 214 Tibetan primary school students in Lhasa were investigated for dietary behavior, and the results were compared.@*Results@#The proportion of Tibetan primary school students in Lhasa who eat breakfast at home every day in 2019 (10.30%) was significantly higher than in 2014(2.39%), and the difference was statistically significant(χ2=60.17, P<0.01). The proportion of students who took the recommended amount of meat, eggs, and dairy products in 2019 was higher than in 2014, and the difference was statistically significant(χ2=242.05, 4.23, 14.16, P<0.05). In 2014 and 2019, the difference in the proportion of intake of vegetables and fruits was statistically significant(χ2=132.45, 115.64, P<0.01). In terms of the different types of beverages that were consumed the most in 2019, the differences were statistically significant(P<0.01); the intake frequencies were also significantly different(P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#The dietary behavior of Tibetan primary school students in Lhasa has generally improved, but the problems of overweight and obesity caused by excessive energy intake and excessive intake of sugary beverages deserves more attention.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821473

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of LCA, which is the active component from Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Pers. Methods Pharmacodynamic evaluations of ear swelling and cotton ball granuloma models were used in animal experiments. In vitro experiment, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated monocyte macrophage RAW264.7 cells were used to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of LCA by detecting the secretions of nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), the expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein. Results In ear swelling experiment, the extent of ear swelling was significantly lower in the LCA treated group than the model group. The inhibition rate was greater in the high LCA concentration group than the positive drug group. In addition, LCA reduced the weight of cotton ball granuloma markedly. At the cell level, LCA significantly inhibited the secretions of NO, TNF-α and reduced the expressions of iNOS and COX-2 in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Conclusion LCA has significant anti-inflammatory effects in vitro and in vivo. The further studies are warranted for the development of anti-inflammatory drugs.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869866

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of hippocampal hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) in electroacupuncture (EA)-induced reduction of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced brain injury in mice.Methods:Twenty-four healthy adult C57BL/6J mice of both sexes, weighing 18-22 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), LPS-induced brain injury group (LPS group), LPS plus EA group, and LPS plus EA plus HO-1 inhibitor zinc protoporphyria (ZnPP) group (LPS+ EA+ ZnPP group). A virus carrying calcium ion fluorescent probes was injected into and an optical fiber was implanted into the hippocampal CA1 region to record changes in the calcium fluorescence signals.Three weeks later, Baihui, Quchi and Zusanli acupoints were stimulated with constant voltage (2/15 Hz) and disperse-dense waves for 30 min once a day for 5 consecutive days, and the stimulation intensity was defined as less than 1 mA causing slight muscle contraction.ZnPP 50 μmol/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 12 h before each stimulation in LPS+ EA+ ZnPP group, and the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in the other groups.After the end of EA stimulation on the last day, LPS 5 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected to induce brain injury.Open field tests were performed at 1 day after LPS injection to record the number of rearing and amplitude of neuronal calcium signals during rearing.Novel object recognition tests were conducted at 3 days after LPS injection, and the exploration index and amplitude of neuronal calcium signals while exploring novel objects were recorded.The mice were sacrificed after the end of behavioral testing, and the brain tissues were obtained and stained by Nissl, and the neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region were counted. Results:Compared with group C, the number of rearing and amplitude of calcium signals in neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region during rearing were significantly decreased, the exploration index and amplitude of calcium signals in neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region while exploring novel objects were decreased, and the neuron counts were reduced in LPS, LPS+ EA and LPS+ EA+ ZnPP groups ( P<0.05 or 0.01). Compared with group LPS, the number of rearing and amplitude of calcium signals in neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region during rearing were significantly increased, and the exploration index and amplitude of calcium signals in neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region while exploring novel objects were increased in group LPS+ EA ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group LPS+ EA+ ZnPP ( P>0.05). Compared with group LPS+ EA, the number of rearing and amplitude of calcium signals in neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region during rearing were significantly decreased, and the exploration index and amplitude of calcium signals in neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region while exploring novel objects were decreased in group LPS+ EA+ ZnPP ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which EA reduces LPS-induced brain injury is related to the activation of the endogenous protective mechanism HO-1 in mice.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772943

ABSTRACT

N-methyladenosine (mA), catalyzed by the methyltransferase complex consisting of Mettl3 and Mettl14, is the most abundant RNA modification in mRNAs and participates in diverse biological processes. However, the roles and precise mechanisms of mA modification in regulating neuronal development and adult neurogenesis remain unclear. Here, we examined the function of Mettl3, the key component of the complex, in neuronal development and adult neurogenesis of mice. We found that the depletion of Mettl3 significantly reduced mA levels in adult neural stem cells (aNSCs) and inhibited the proliferation of aNSCs. Mettl3 depletion not only inhibited neuronal development and skewed the differentiation of aNSCs more toward glial lineage, but also affected the morphological maturation of newborn neurons in the adult brain. mA immunoprecipitation combined with deep sequencing (MeRIP-seq) revealed that mA was predominantly enriched in transcripts related to neurogenesis and neuronal development. Mechanistically, mA was present on the transcripts of histone methyltransferase Ezh2, and its reduction upon Mettl3 knockdown decreased both Ezh2 protein expression and consequent H3K27me3 levels. The defects of neurogenesis and neuronal development induced by Mettl3 depletion could be rescued by Ezh2 overexpression. Collectively, our results uncover a crosstalk between RNA and histone modifications and indicate that Mettl3-mediated mA modification plays an important role in regulating neurogenesis and neuronal development through modulating Ezh2.


Subject(s)
Adenosine , Metabolism , Adult Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Animals , Brain , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Genetics , Cell Proliferation , Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Methyltransferases , Metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neural Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Neurogenesis , Genetics , Neurons , Cell Biology , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755748

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of chronic intermittent hypoxia on somatotropic axis hormone levels in rats.Methods Mature male Wistar rats were exposed to air or intermittent hypoxia randomly.The serum levels of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH),growth hormone (GH) and somatostatin (SS) were measured before exposure,at the 4th,8th,and 12th week after exposure.Different hormone levels in two groups were compared and analyzed.Results Compared with the control group,GHRH levels in chronic intermittent hypoxic group showed a significant decline at the 4th week [(732.77± 46.99)pg/ml vs.(893.59±40.00) pg/ml,P<0.05],while SS levels at the 8th week [(30.71 ±2.27) pg/ml vs.(44.69±3.36) pg/ml,P<0.05] and GH levels at the 12th week [(1.20±0.29) ng/ml vs.(2.06±0.13) ng/ml,P<0.05]were similarly reduced.As the duration of intermittent hypoxia was prolonged,the GHRH levels did not decrease further [4th week (732.77±46.99) pg/ml vs.8th week (607.54± 131.61) pg/ml vs.12th week (730.05±40.63) pg/ml,P>0.05].However,the serum SS levels decreased further from the 8th week to the 12th week [(30.71±2.27) pg/ml vs.(24.41±4.06) pg/ml,P<0.05].Conclusion Chronic intermittent hypoxia might inhibit the function of somatotropic axis.Hypothalamic hormones are the earlyonesto be influenced,thereafter the entire axis.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734706

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the factors that contribute to the anxiety and depression in obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) patients in terms of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and sleep quality.Methods A total of 196 OSAHS patients,including 103 severe patients and 93 mild-moderate patients,were enrolled.Polysomnography was carried on at the sleep center of the First Hospital of China Medical University between May 2013 and November 2015.According to the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) and the subject daytime sleepiness symptom,all patients were divided into EDS group and non-EDS group.The patients' general information and subjective symptoms were recorded.Emotional states were assessed with self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS).Sleep quality was evaluated with Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI).The anxiety and depression related factors were studied by regression analysis.Results (1) In severe OSAHS group,the patients with EDS showed higher PSQI(6.22± 2.57 vs.4.05± 3.72,P<0.01) and oxygen desaturation index(ODI)[(57.70±17.53) events/h vs.(48.23 ± 22.01)events/h,P<0.05] when compared with those without EDS.(2) In both severe and mild-moderate OSAHS groups,the patients with EDS presented higher SAS scores (severe:33.86±7.60 vs.28.95 ± 4.71,mild-moderate:37.46± 10.68 vs.33.40± 11.07,P<0.05)and SDS scores(severe:32.81 ± 8.36 vs.28.90±4.53,mild-moderate:36.98± 12.77 vs.31.70±10.94,P<0.05)when compared with those without EDS.(3) The multiple regression analysis showed that the SAS scores were related to ESS,PSQI,insomnia and nasal obstruction (R2=0.356,P<0.05),and the SDS scores were related to ESS,PSQI and insomnia(R2=0.344,P<0.05).Conclusions The anxiety and depression of OSAHS patients are closely related to the severity of EDS and sleep quality.Both severe and mild-moderate OSAHS patients with EDS have worse anxiety and depression scores.

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