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1.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 317-321, 2021.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887267

ABSTRACT

The case is that of a 90-years-old man. A previous doctor performed abdominal graft replacement for an abdominal aortic aneurysm 5 years earlier and continued outpatient CT follow-up. Follow-up CT showed the right aortic arch and dilation of the thoracic aortic aneurysm, and the patient was referred to our hospital. Contrast-enhanced CT showed an aortic arch aneurysm ; the aneurysm diameter was 62 mm in major axis and 60 mm in minor axis, which was judged to be suitable for surgery. It was a rare right-sided aortic arch with no congenital heart malformation and no situs inversus. Endovascular treatment was considered because he was 90 years old and very elderly, but there were concerns about the risk of embolism, irregular manipulation and central landing. For the surgical method, we selected total arch replacement using a frozen elephant trunk technique. We succeeded in avoiding serious complications by selecting an appropriate treatment method through careful evaluation.

2.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 1-11, 2020.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781940

ABSTRACT

Purpose : Recently, the Japanese government has promoted reform of working practices. The working environment of medical professionals was no exception. In the present study, we investigated the current working environment and issues of cardiovascular surgeons, who are supposed to be working in one of the most demanding circumstances in Japan. Methods : In December 2018, the Japanese Society for Cardiovascular Surgery (JSCVS) sent a questionnaire to all JSCVS members via the internet to obtain basic data on the working environment including working hours, working items, income, and the issues to be solved for cardiovascular surgeons in Japan. Results : The JSCVS received responses from 634 cardiovascular surgeons (response rate 17%, 589 males/38 females). Respondents were primarily mid-career surgeons in their age of 40 s and 50 s. Four hundred seventy-three respondents (75.5%) and 176 respondents (28.2%) answered that they worked an average of 60 and 80 h a week, respectively. In addition, 249 respondents (40.4%) reported receiving no allowance for on-call work during off hours, after midnight, or on a holiday, while 345 respondents (56.6%) reported receiving no allowance for emergency surgery during off hours, after midnight, or on a holiday. Conclusion : Over 75% of cardiovascular surgeons reported being overworked without receiving an appropriate amount of income. Along with the reform of working style being made for the Japanese people, improving the working environment of cardiovascular surgeons is also an urgent matter to maintain healthcare for cardiovascular disease. Facilitating understanding of the issue by the Japanese people is of the utmost importance for the JSCVS.

3.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 351-355, 2019.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758255

ABSTRACT

Patient: A 74-year-old man. Previous history: Total arch replacement for thoracic aortic aneurysm at 72 years old. History of current condition: The patient presented at a local otolaryngology clinic complaining of hoarseness of the voice. Left vocal cord paralysis was present, and as he had previously undergone thoracic vascular graft replacement, he was referred to our department. Further investigation with computed tomography (CT) revealed air in the mediastinum, and he was admitted for treatment of mediastinitis. Post-admission course: Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed esophageal ulceration. After antibiotic treatment, thoracic subtotal esophagectomy via right thoracotomy, esophagostomy, and gastrostomy were performed on admission day 39. Vascular graft infection was also suspected, and antibiotic treatment was therefore continued. As some improvement in inflammatory response was evident, antibiotic treatment was discontinued and the patient's condition was monitored, but fever developed on day 107, and CT again revealed air in the mediastinum. Bronchoscopy revealed a broncho-mediastinal fistula in the left main bronchus. On day 110, repeated total arch replacement using a vascular graft, omentoplasty, and left main bronchus repair were performed via left thoracotomy. Esophageal reconstruction was left for later surgery, but follow-up CT on day 160 again revealed air in the mediastinum. Bronchoscopy was performed the same day and revealed a broncho-mediastinal fistula in the left main bronchus, located on distally from the previous fistula. This fistula was surgically closed on day 173. The subsequent course was favorable, and antethoracic esophageal reconstruction by jejunal elevation was performed on day 233. The patient was able to start eating on day 244, and was discharged in an improved condition on day 250.

4.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 86-90, 2019.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738319

ABSTRACT

Valsalva sinus aneurysm (VSA) is a rare disease, especially that of Konno classification Type IV. When VSA ruptures, the patient has uncontrollable congestive heart failure because of massive left-right shunt. We encountered two cases with ruptured VSA of the right atrium. Case 1 : A 71-years-old man with a ruptured noncoronary VAS complained of dyspnea on effort. He underwent surgical treatment consisting of aneurysm resection and patch closure with Hemashield after medical treatment for congestive heart failure. He progressed well after operation and was discharged on the 14th postoperative day in stable condition. Case 2 : A 41-year-old man had heard systolic murmur. We diagnosed VSA rupture with echocardiography. He was symptomless but his left ventricle diastolic diameter was dilatated and Qp/Qs was 2.0 by blood gas sampling. He underwent elective surgical treatment consisting of aneurysm resection and patch closure with Hemashield. He was discharged on the 14th postoperative day in stable condition.

5.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 51-55, 2019.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738310

ABSTRACT

Right sided infective endocarditis (RSIE) is uncommon. Patients are traditionally treated with antibiotics alone, and indications for operation are not clearly established. A 23-years-old man who developed fever and general fatigue was referred to our hospital on the suspicion of RSIE. A ventricular septal defect (VSD) and untreated dental caries had been previously diagnosed. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed vegetation on the tricuspid valve and severe regurgitation. The tricuspid valve was repaired ; the anterosuperior leaflet was partially resected and repaired with fresh autologous pericardium and the use of synthetic chordae. Recurrence of infection and tricuspid valve regurgitation were not observed for 1 year after this operation.

6.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 170-176, 2014.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375898

ABSTRACT

<b>Background</b> : This study was performed to evaluate surgical outcomes after cardiovascular surgery (including urgent surgery) in patients 85 or older. <b>Methods</b> : A retrospective analysis was performed on 39 patients (mean age, 86.3 years ; age range, 85-90 years) who underwent total arch replacement (<i>n</i>=4), ascending aorta replacement (<i>n</i>=4), descending aorta replacement (<i>n</i>=1), aortic valve replacement (AVR ; <i>n</i>=13), mitral valve replacement or valvuloplasty (<i>n</i>=3), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG ; <i>n</i>=9), CABG+AVR (<i>n</i>=4), tumor resection (<i>n</i>=1) between June 2008 and December 2012 at Dokkyo Medical University Hospital. <b>Results</b> : Six hospital deaths occurred. One patient died due to bleeding from a ruptured descending thoracic aortic aneurysm, and another patient died due to gastrointestinal perforation from non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) after urgent AVR. The other deaths were related to various complications, including lung cancer, cholecystitis, myocardial infarction, and Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, during the postoperative period. Overall 30-day mortality was 2.6%, hospital mortality was 12.8%, duration of hospital stay after surgery was 41.3 days, duration of intensive care unit (ICU) stay was 3.8 days and ventilator time was 49.1 h. Twenty patients underwent elective surgery, and 19 patients underwent urgent surgery. The two groups had similar preoperative characteristics, except for the number of patients with aortic disease. No significant difference was evident in hospital mortality (26.3% vs. 5%, <i>p</i>=0.065) or 30-day mortality (0% vs. 5.3%, <i>p</i>=0.3) when comparing the two groups. However, the duration of hospital stay (58.9 days vs. 27.5 days, <i>p</i>=0.049), ICU stay (6.74 days vs. 1.05 days, <i>p</i>=0.002) and ventilator time (89.9 h vs. 8.2 h, <i>p</i>=0.006) was significantly longer in the urgent surgery group than in the elective surgery group. Fourteen patients (70%) in the elective surgery group and four patients (21.1%) in the urgent surgery group were able to be discharged from the hospital to their homes within 30 days after surgery. These data demonstrated that cardiovascular surgery in patients 85 years of age or older was associated with satisfactory outcomes, and outcomes associated with elective surgery were even better than those associated with urgent surgery. <b>Conclusions</b> : Therefore, advanced age does not represent a contraindication of conventional cardiovascular surgery. Rather, the decision for surgery should take the patient's preoperative condition, the severity of concurrent medical disease, the wishes of the patient, and the predicted functional outcomes into account.

7.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 15-18, 2014.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375257

ABSTRACT

A 78-year-old woman who had undergone an axillobifemoral artery bypass with a prosthetic graft for Leriche syndrome presented 1 month later with cough and fever. A clinical examination revealed obvious redness in the right groin. Routine laboratory tests uncovered inflammation and methicillin-sensitive-<i>Staphylococcus aureus </i>was cultured from blood samples. Mitral valve vegetations were identified by echocardiography, and after a diagnosis of infective endocarditis, specific intravenous antibiotics were immediately administered. One month later, CT revealed a large pseudoaneurysm of the posterior left ventricular wall that had not been present at the time of admission. Transesophageal echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging showed an aneurysmal cavity arising from the wall just below the posterior mitral valve leaflet. The patient agreed to undergo cardiac surgery due to the high likelihood that the pseudoaneurysm would rupture. The mitral annulus and leaflet were normal at surgery. We resected the posterior leaflet, closed the cavity using a Xenomedica patch, and reconstructed the leaflet. We did not remove the pseudoaneurysm using an extracardiac approach because the likelihood of damaging the coronary arteries and the coronary sinus was quite high. The postoperative course was uneventful. At follow-up 1 year later, the patient was afebrile and both CT and echocardiography showed that the cavity was completely filled by the thrombus. The imaging findings were useful in determining the surgical approach.

8.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 153-156, 2007.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367257

ABSTRACT

An 82-year-old man was taken to a local clinic following the occurrence of syncope. Chest roentgenography and computed tomography (CT) findings led to a suspicion of a ruptured aortic aneurysm, and the patient was immediately transferred to our hospital. Upon admission, his consciousness was clear and blood pressure was 74/47mmHg. Enhanced chest CT images demonstrated pericardial effusion and a saccular aneurysm with a maximum diameter of 5cm, which was associated with a thrombus in the distal aortic arch. An emergency operation was performed under a diagnosis of a ruptured distal aortic arch aneurysm and hemorrhagic cardiac tamponade. During the procedure, a hole was found in the lesser curvature of the aneurysm, which had directly ruptured into the pericardial space, and a graft replacement of the aortic arch was performed using selective cerebral perfusion. The patient was discharged 19 days after surgery without any postoperative complications.

9.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 114-117, 2004.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366939

ABSTRACT

Staged arterial switch operation without homologous blood transfusion was successfully performed in 5 patients weighing 4.1-11.0kg (double outlet right ventricle: 2 cases, transposition of great arteries: 3 cases). The postoperative hemodynamics and respiratory status were uneventful in all patients (initial central venous pressure after ICU admission: 9.0-14.5cmH<sub>2</sub>O, mean 12.5cmH<sub>2</sub>O, duration of intubation: 3.5-18.0h, mean 7.8h). Autologous blood donation immediately after induction of anesthesia and minimization of bypass circuit were effective methods for open heart surgery without homologous blood transfusion, particularly in staged arterial switch operation requiring prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass.

10.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 320-323, 1999.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366514

ABSTRACT

A 69-year-old man complained of abdominal pain with inflammatory reaction. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with a left main trunk lesion was diagnosed and he successfully underwent Y-graft replacement of the abdominal aorta and coronary artery bypass grafting. Finally AAA was classified as “inflammatory” by histopathological findings. We present this case of “inflammatory AAA” associated with coronary artery disease, and discuss it with a review of literatures.

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