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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 450-457, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935169

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore and compare the effect of standard or prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) on the long-term prognosis of elderly patients with coronary heart disease complicated with diabetes mellitus after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Methods: Consecutive patients with diabetes mellitus, ≥65 years old, underwent DES implantation, and had no adverse events within 1 year after operation underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from January to December 2013 in Fuwai Hospital were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. These patients were divided into three groups according to DAPT duration: standard DAPT duration group (11 ≤ DAPT duration≤ 13 months) and prolonged DAPT duration group (13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months; DAPT duration>24 months). All the patients were followed up at 1, 6 months, 1, 2 and 5 years in order to collect the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), and type 2 to 5 bleeding events defined by the Federation of Bleeding Academic Research (BARC). MACCE were consisted of all cause death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization or stroke. The incidence of clinical adverse events were compared among 3 different DAPT duration groups, and Cox regression model were used to analyze the effect of different DAPT duration on 5-year long-term prognosis. Results: A total of 1 562 patients were enrolled, aged (70.8±4.5) years, with 398 female (25.5%). There were 467 cases in standard DAPT duration group, 684 cases in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group and 411 cases in DAPT duration>24 months group. The patients in standard DAPT duration group and the prolonged DAPT duration groups accounted for 29.9% (467/1 562) and 70.1% (1 095/1 562), respectively. The 5-year follow-up results showed that the incidence of all-cause death in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group (4.8%(33/684) vs. 8.6%(40/467),P=0.011) and DAPT duration>24 month group(4.1%(17/411) vs. 8.6%(40/467),P=0.008) were significantly lower than in standard DAPT group. The incidence of myocardial infarction in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group was lower than in standard DAPT duration group (1.9%(13/684) vs. 5.1%(24/467),P=0.002). The incidence of MACCE in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group was the lowest (standard DAPT duration group, 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group and DAPT duration>24 month group were 19.3% (90/467), 12.3% (84/684), 20.2% (83/411), respectively, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the incidence of stroke and bleeding events among the three groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate Cox analysis showed that compared with the standard DAPT group, prolonged DAPT to 13-24 months was negatively correlated with MACCE (HR=0.601, 95%CI 0.446-0.811, P=0.001), all-cause death (HR=0.568, 95%CI 0.357-0.903, P=0.017) and myocardial infarction (HR=0.353, 95%CI 0.179-0.695, P=0.003). DAPT>24 months was negatively correlated with all-cause death (HR=0.687, 95%CI 0.516-0.913, P=0.010) and positively correlated with revascularization (HR=1.404, 95%CI 1.116-1.765, P=0.004). There was no correlation between prolonged DAPT and bleeding events. Conclusions: For elderly patients with coronary heart disease complicated with diabetes mellitus underwent DES implantation, and had no MACCE and bleeding events within 1 year after operation, appropriately prolonging of the DAPT duration is related to the reduction of the risk of cardiovascular adverse events. Patients may benefit the most from the DAPT between 13 to 24 months. In addition, prolonging DAPT duration does not increase the incidence of bleeding events in this patient cohort.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Diabetes Mellitus , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Hemorrhage , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Stroke , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2295-2301, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826593

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Coronary atherosclerotic plaque could go through rapid progression and induce adverse cardiac events. This study aimed to evaluate the impacts of smoking status on clinical outcomes of coronary non-target lesions.@*METHODS@#Consecutive patients with coronary heart disease who underwent two serial coronary angiographies were included. All coronary non-target lesions were recorded at first coronary angiography and analyzed using quantitative coronary angiography at both procedures. Patients were grouped into non-smokers, quitters, and smokers according to their smoking status. Clinical outcomes including rapid lesion progression, lesion re-vascularization, and myocardial infarction were recorded at second coronary angiography. Multivariable Cox regression analysis was used to investigate the association between smoking status and clinical outcomes.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1255 patients and 1670 lesions were included. Smokers were younger and more likely to be male compared with non-smokers. Increase in percent diameter stenosis was significantly lower (2.7 [0.6, 7.1] % vs. 3.5 [0.9, 8.9]%) and 3.4 [1.1, 7.7]%, P = 0.020) in quitters than those in smokers and non-smokers. Quitters tended to have a decreased incidence of rapid lesions progression (15.8% [76/482] vs. 21.6% [74/342] and 20.6% [89/431], P = 0.062), lesion re-vascularization (13.1% [63/482] vs. 15.5% [53/432] and 15.5% [67/431], P = 0.448), lesion-related myocardial infarction (0.8% [4/482] vs. 2.6% [9/342] and 1.4% [6/431], P = 0.110) and all-cause myocardial infarction (1.9% [9/482] vs. 4.1% [14/342] and 2.3% [10/431], P = 0.128) compared with smokers and non-smokers. In multivariable analysis, smoking status was not an independent predictor for rapid lesion progression, lesion re-vascularization, and lesion-related myocardial infarction except that a higher risk of all-cause myocardial infarction was observed in smokers than non-smokers (hazards ratio: 3.00, 95% confidence interval: 1.04-8.62, P = 0.042).@*CONCLUSION@#Smoking cessation mitigates the increase in percent diameter stenosis of coronary non-target lesions, meanwhile, smokers are associated with increased risk for all-cause myocardial infarction compared with non-smokers.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 955-960, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008524

ABSTRACT

The standard sample of natural products is an essential standard reference to determine the quality of the product in the quality control of natural products. To develop a certified reference material(CRM) of swertioside according to the Work Guideline for Reference Materials(3): Reference Material-General Principles and Statistical Method for Certification(GB/T 15000.3-2008), swertioside was purified from whole plant of Swertia mussotii by extraction, isolation and Prep-HPLC to obtain certified reference material of swertioside. The structure of swertioside was identified by IR, UV, high-resolution MS, NMR. Thin layer chromatography, optical rotation, elemental analysis and melting point was carried out for the identification. The purity of the prepared sample was tested from different chromatographic elution conditions, thin layer chromatography and HPLC-MS. Swertioside was divided into 140 bottles, with 10 mg per bottle after homogeneity test, stability test and quantitative analysis. This CRM is 7-O-[α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-xylopyranosyl]; the homogeneity of the 95% confidence interval was good; the certified purity value was 98.66%, with a relative expanded uncertainty of 0.38%; the storage period was 36 months at 0-8 ℃. Therefore, the CRM of sakuranetin reached the technical requirements of CRM, and was accepted by SAC. Swertioside is successfully developed and can be used for determining content, evaluating test methods, detecting relevant products and controlling quality.


Subject(s)
Certification , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Mass Spectrometry , Phytochemicals/standards , Reference Standards , Swertia/chemistry
4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 655-660, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941154

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the related factors of premature acute myocardial infarction(AMI), and to compare the the long-term outcomes in patients with and without premature AMI after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: This study was a prospective cohort study.From January 2013 to December 2013, 10 724 consecutive patients with coronary heart disease undergoing PCI in Fuwai Hospital were enrolled. Among them 1 920 patients with the diagnosis of AMI were divided into two groups: premature AMI (man≤50 years old, woman≤60 years old) and non-premature AMI. The baseline characteristics were collected, and multivariate logistic regression was uesed to analysis the related factors of premature AMI. The clinical outcomes, including the major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events(MACCE) which was the composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke and stent thrombosis, as well as bleeding events, during hospitalization, at 2 years and 5 years follow-up were analyzed. Results: A total of 1 920 AMI patiens were included(age was (56.5±11.3) years old),with 1 612(84.0%) males. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups in gender, body mass index, blood lipid, complications, inflammatory markers, etc (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed body mass index(OR=1.06, 95%CI 1.01-1.10, P<0.01), triglyceride(OR=1.47, 95%CI 1.14-1.90, P<0.01), serum uric acid level(OR=1.02, 95%CI 1.01-1.04, P<0.01), high density lipoprotein cholesterol level(OR=0.33, 95%CI 0.14-0.78, P=0.01) and history of hypertension(OR=0.72, 95%CI 0.56-0.93, P=0.01) were independent related factors of premature AMI. The incidence of all-cause death and cardiac death were lower during hospitalization, at 2 years and 5 years follow-up in the premature AMI group than in non-premature AMI group(all P<0.05). In the premature AMI group, the incidence of MACCE and stroke was lower, with more bleeding events in 5 years follow-up(all P<0.05). Conclusions: Metabolic abnormalities, including high BMI, high triglyceride level and high serum uric acid, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level are the related factor of premature AMI. The incidence of ischemic events in patients with premature AMI is lower, while the incidence of bleeding events is higher than non-premature AMI patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Uric Acid
5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 393-400, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941122

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the impact of type 2 diabetes mellitus on progression and revascularization of coronary non-target lesions in patients with coronary heart disease. Methods: From January 2010 to September 2014, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of patients with coronary heart disease who underwent two consecutive coronary angiographies at Fuwai Hospital. At least one coronary non-target lesion was recorded at the first procedure in these patients. Patients were grouped according to the diagnose of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Demographic features, risk factors of coronary heart disease, laboratory results as well as characteristics of coronary non-target lesions were collected at baseline (first coronary angiography) and follow-up (second coronary angiography). Lesion progression was defined by quantitative coronary angiography analysis. Lesions revascularization was recorded. Multivariable Cox regression analysis was used to define the impacts of diabetes mellitus on progression and revascularization of non-target lesions. Subgroup analysis in diabetic and non-diabetic groups were further performed. Receiver operating characteristics curve was used to identify the predictive value of HbA1c. Results: A total of 1 255 patients were included, and 1 003(79.9%) were male, age was(58.0±9.7) years old. And 486 patients were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Follow-up time was (14.8±4.5) months. Compared with non-diabetic group, diabetic group were older with less male and had higher BMI index as well as higher prevalence of hypertension, dyslipidemia, prior myocardial infarction and prior percutaneous coronary intervention(all P<0.05). Diabetic patients also had higher level of white blood cells, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, endothelin and HbA1c at both baseline and follow-up compared with non-diabetic patients (all P<0.01). There was no significant difference on progression of non-target lesions (20.0%(97/486) vs. 18.5%(142/769), P=0.512), revascularization of non-target lesions (13.2%(64/486) vs. 15.9%(122/769), P=0.190) and non-target lesion related myocardial infarction(1.9%(9/486) vs. 1.3%(10/769), P=0.436) between diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that diabetes mellitus was not an independent predictor for progression and revascularization of non-target lesions (Both P>0.05). Subgroup analysis in diabetic patients showed that baseline HbA1c level(HR=1.160, 95%CI 1.009-1.333, P=0.037) was an independent predictor for non-target lesion progression. Cut-off value of HbA1c was 6.5% (Area Under Curve(AUC) 0.57, specificity 88.7%; sensitivity 24.2%, P=0.046) by receiver operating characteristics curve. Patients with HbA1c level above 6.5% had 2.8 times higher risk of lesion progression compared with patients with HbA1c level below 6.5% (HR=2.838, 95%CI 1.505-5.349, P=0.001). Compared with non-diabetic patients, diabetic patients with HbA1c below 6.5% also had lower risk of lesion progression (HR=0.469, 95%CI 0.252-0.872, P=0.012). ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction was an independent predictor for revascularization of non-target lesions in diabetic patients. Conclusion: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is not an independent predictor for progression and revascularization of coronary non-target lesions in patients with coronary heart disease. However, elevated HbA1c level is a risk factor for progression of non-target lesion in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 217-221, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703842

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognosis of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) supported primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) between very elderly (age ≥ 80 years) and elderly (age < 80 years) patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: A total of 288 STEMI patients received IABP supported PPCI in our hospital from 2004-01 to 2015-12 were retrospectively studied. Clinical condition, coronary angiography and follow-up data were analyzed; the patients with pre-operative cardiac shock, mechanical complication and non ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome were excluded. Eligible patients were divided into 2 groups: Very elderly group, n=51 and Elderly group, n=237. Major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (MACCE) as death, cardiac shock, new or worsen heart failure, re-MI and stroke were studied at 1 month and 1, 2 years after PPCI. Independent predictors for MACCE occurrence were investigated by Cox proportional hazard model analysis.Results: Compared with Elderly group, Very elderly group had increased incidence of MACCE at 1 month after PPCI (41.2% vs 24.5%), P=0.029 and obviously elevated incidence of stroke (9.8% vs 0.8%), P<0.001. Mortalities were similar between 2 groups at 1 month and 1 year after PPCI (17.6% vs 15.2%) and (25.5% vs 16.9%), both P>0.05; mortality was higher in Very elderly group at 2 years after PPCI (35.3% vs 20.7%), Log-rank P=0.037. Cox proportional hazard model analysis indicated that post-operative TIMI flow < 3 was the strong independent predictor for MACCE occurrence (HR=3.41, 95% CI 2.09-5.56, P<0.001), which was also the strongest predictor for death at different time points as at 1 month after PPCI (HR=9.51, 95% CI 5.23-17.29), at 1 year after PPCI (HR=7.24, 95% CI 4.13-12.69) and at 2 years after PPCI (HR=5.85, 95% CI 3.45-9.94), all P<0.001. Patients ≥ 80 years had no obvious predictors for end point event occurrence. Conclusion: Very elderly STEMI patients had the higher mortality at 2 years after IABP supported PPCI and increased incidence of MACCE at 1 month after PPCI. Patients≥80 years had no obvious predictors for end point event occurrence.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 733-739, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350412

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Whether final kissing balloon (FKB) dilatation after one-stent implantation at left-main (LM) bifurcation site remains unclear. Therefore, this large sample and long-term follow-up study comparatively assessed the impact of FKB in patients with unprotected LM disease treated with one-stent strategy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Total 1528 consecutive patients underwent LM percutaneous coronary intervention in one center from January 2004 to December 2010 were enrolled; among them, 790 patients treated with one drug-eluting stent crossover LM to left anterior descending (LAD) with FKB (n = 230) or no FKB (n = 560) were comparatively analyzed. Primary outcome was the rate of major adverse cardiovascular events, defined as a composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI) and target vessel revascularization (TVR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Overall, The prevalence of true bifurcation lesions, which included Medina classification (1,1,1), (1,0,1), or (0,1,1), was similar between-groups (non-FKB: 37.0% vs. FKB: 39.6%, P = 0.49). At mean 4 years follow-up, rates of major adverse cardiovascular events (non-FKB: 10.0% vs. FKB: 7.8%, P = 0.33), death, MI and TVR were not significantly different between-groups. In multivariate propensity-matched regression analysis, FKB was not an independent predictor of adverse outcomes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For patients treated with one-stent crossover LM to LAD, clinical outcomes appear similar between FKB and non-FKB strategy.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Drug-Eluting Stents , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 774-779, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350405

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Several platelet function tests are currently used to measure responsiveness to antiplatelet therapy. This study was to compare two tests, light transmittance aggregometry (LTA) and modified thrombelastography (mTEG), for predicting clinical outcomes in Chinese patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Prospective, observational, single-center study of 789 Chinese patients undergoing PCI was enrolled. This study was investigated the correlations between the two tests and performed receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) at 1-year follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MACEs occurred in 32 patients (4.1%). Correlations were well between the two tests in the adenosine diphosphate induced platelet reactivity (Spearman r = 0.733, P < 0.001). ROC-curve analysis demonstrated that LTA (area under the curve [AUC]: 0.677; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.643-0.710; P = 0.0009), and mTEG (AUC: 0.684; 95% CI: 0.650-0.716; P = 0.0001) had moderate ability to discriminate between patients with and without MACE. MACE occurred more frequently in patients with high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) when assessed by LTA (7.4% vs. 2.7%; P < 0.001), and by TEG (6.7% vs. 2.6%; P < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that HPR based on the LTA and mTEG was associated with almost 3-fold increased risk of MACE at 1-year follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The correlation between LTA and mTEG is relatively high in Chinese patients. HPR measured by LTA and mTEG were significantly associated with MACE in Chinese patients undergoing PCI.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Asian People , Linear Models , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Methods , Platelet Aggregation , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Prospective Studies , Ticlopidine , Therapeutic Uses
9.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 38-42, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242903

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relevant factors of coronary artery disease (CAD) in young people under 40 years of age.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The study population was 292 young patients accepting coronary angiography in Fuwai Hospital from July to December 2006, including 272 men and 20 women, with the mean age being 36.7 ± 3.7 years. The diagnosis of CAD was made in the cases presenting ≥ 50% stenosis in coronary lumen in coronary angiography. Based on the diagnosis, 217 patients (204 men, 13 women) were assigned to CAD group, and 75 (68 men, 7 women) to non-CAD group. Clinical data and metabolic characteristics of the patients were collected and analyzed using t-test, χ² test, and multinomial logistic regression with SPSS 8.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Most study subjects were current smokers (209/292, 71.6%), and more than half had body mass index (BMI)>24 kg/m² (230/292, 78.8%) and usually took high-fat diet (162/292, 55.5%). The proportion of heavy smokers (smoking history ≥ 10 years and ≥ 20 cigarettes per day) were significantly higher in the CAD group than in the non-CAD group [20.7% (45/217) vs. 9.3% (7/75), P=0.015)]. Heavy smoking [odds ratio (OR), 1.89; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.74-2.05], hypertension (OR, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.48-1.65), alcohol (OR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.30-1.46), type 2 diabetes mellitus (OR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.25-1.50), high-fat diet (OR, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.28-1.43), and BMI>24 kg/m² (OR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.03-1.17) were factors related to CAD in the young patients (all P<0.05). Total cholesterol (4.56 ± 1.46 mmol/L vs. 4.09 ± 1.00 mmol/L), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (2.38 ± 1.11 mmol/L vs. 2.14 ± 0.63 mmol/L), lipoprotein a (134.97 ± 109.70 mg/L vs. 101.58 ± 58.39 mg/L), uric acid (359.89 ± 100.09 μmol/L vs. 336.75 ± 94.36 μmol/L), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (9.98 ± 12.19 mm/hour vs. 4.89 ± 4.92 mm/hour), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (3.42 ± 4.39 mg/L vs. 2.80 ± 3.77 mg/L) and Big endothelin-1 (1.41 ± 1.50 fmol/mL vs. 0.77 ± 1.13 fmol/mL) in plasma were significantly increased in the CAD group compared with the non-CAD group (all P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Heavy smoking, hypertension, alcohol consumption, type 2 diabetes mellitus, high-fat diet and BMI>24 kg/m² were significantly related to CAD in patients aged ≤ 40, with heavy smoking presenting the highest OR. Metabolic syndrome and inflammation were also more common in young CAD patients than in non-CAD patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Age Factors , Alcohol Drinking , Epidemiology , Angiography , China , Coronary Artery Disease , Diagnostic Imaging , Epidemiology , Metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Epidemiology , Diet, High-Fat , Hypertension , Epidemiology , Logistic Models , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Smoking , Epidemiology
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 462-465, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261531

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the clinical outcomes of rotational atherectomy followed by drug-eluting stenting via the transradial approach for the treatment of heavily calcified coronary lesions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2009 to October 2012, 114 consecutive patients with heavily calcified coronary lesions underwent rotational atherectomy and drug-eluting stents via transradial approach in our hospital were enrolled in this retrospective study. Characteristics of heavily calcified coronary lesions, the success rates of rotational atherectomy and stenting, rates of complication during perioperative treatments, and adverse cardiovascular events during hospitalization and follow up were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 114 patients were successfully treated with rotational atherectomy and drug-eluting stent placement, and totally 120 target lesions of type B or C were treated including 8 left main lesions, 93 left anterior descending and 2 circumflex, 17 right coronary lesions. No-reflow was observed in 7 patients during the procedure, there was one case of entrapped rotablator burr which was successfully retrieved together with guiding catheter without serious complication. During the 6 months (median) follow-up, angina was reported in 11 patients and revascularization was performed in 8 patients due to stent restenosis and intensified medical therapy was applied in 3 patients. There was no acute myocardial infarction and death during follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Rotational atherectomy followed by drug-eluting stenting via transradial approach is feasible, effective and safe and the short-term outcome is satisfactory for patients with heavily calcified coronary lesions.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atherectomy, Coronary , Methods , Coronary Artery Disease , General Surgery , Drug-Eluting Stents , Follow-Up Studies , Radial Artery , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2409-2413, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322187

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Currently available evidence suggests that outcomes are less favorable when left main (LM) bifurcation lesions are treated with 2-stent techniques compared with a single-stent technique. We aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of the 2-stent techniques for treating unprotected LM bifurcation lesions in Chinese patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We enrolled 301 consecutive patients treated with drug-eluting stents (DES) implantation using 2-stent techniques for unprotected LM bifurcation lesions (MEDINA 1, 1, 1, 70.5%). The 2-stent techniques included crush technique, V stenting, T stenting, and Culottes stenting. After stenting, both vessels were redilated at a high pressure before final kissing balloon (FKB). Clinical and angiographic data were analyzed. The primary endpoints were major adverse cardiac events (MACE), which included death, myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Immediate procedural success was obtained in all cases with a FKB success rate of 95.3%. Follow-up data were available for all patients. The overall incidence of angiographic in-stent restenosis (ISR) rate was 20.3% and most ISRs were of the focal type. During long-term follow-up (mean duration, (54 ± 22) months), the cumulative incidence of MACE was 11.0%, with 8 (2.7%) deaths, 7 (2.3%) myocardial infarctions, and 18 (6.0%) repeated lesion revascularization. MACEs in high SYNTAX score terciles were significantly higher compared with those in low and intermediate SYNTAX score terciles (P = 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Although percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with 2-stent technique for unprotected LM bifurcation lesions was accompanied with a slightly high incidence of ISR, the long-term clinical follow-up is acceptable. Technical modifications and stent innovations may further improve both the angiographic and clinical outcomes for patients with LM bifurcation disease treated by PCI.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Mortality , Therapeutics , Coronary Restenosis , Epidemiology , Drug-Eluting Stents , Follow-Up Studies , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Methods , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 609-614, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342530

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Patients with multivessel coronary artery disease and depressed left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) represent a high risk group of patients for coronary revascularization. There are limited data on percutaneous coronary intervention treatment in this population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Among a cohort of 4335 patients with three-vessel disease with or without left main disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, 191 patients had LVEF < 40% (low ejection fraction (EF)) and 4144 patients had LVEF ≥ 40%. In-hospital and long-term outcomes were examined according to LVEF.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The estimated two-year rates of major adverse cardiac events, cardiac death, and myocardial infarction were significantly higher in the low EF group (19.64% vs. 8.73%, Log-rank test: P < 0.01; 10.30% vs. 1.33%, Log-rank test: P < 0.01, and 10.32% vs. 2.28%, Log-rank test: P < 0.01 respectively), but there was no difference in the rates of target vessel revascularization (6.18% vs. 6.11%, Log-rank test: P = 0.96). Using the Cox proportional hazard models, LVEF < 40% was a significant risk factor for cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and major adverse cardiac events (OR (95%CI): 4.779 (2.369 - 9.637), 2.673 (1.353 - 5.282), and 1.827 (1.187 - 2.813) respectively), but was not a statistically significant risk factor for target vessel revascularization (OR (95%CI): 1.094 (0.558 - 2.147)).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for multivessel coronary artery disease, left ventricular dysfunction remains associated with further risk of cardiac death in-hospital and during long-term follow-up.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Coronary Disease , Therapeutics , Ventricular Function, Left , Physiology
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1069-1075, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342237

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The CYP2C19 G681A single polymorphism has been proven to affect clopidogrel responsiveness. However, the effect of coexisting polymorphisms of other genes has not yet been reported in the Chinese population. This study investigated the effect of coexisting polymorphisms of CYP2C19 and P2Y12 on clopidogrel responsiveness and adverse clinical events in Chinese patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In 577 Han Chinese patients undergoing stent placement because of acute coronary syndrome had platelet reactivity assessed by thromboelastography, and the CYP2C19 G681A and P2Y12 C34T polymorphisms were detected by the ligase detection reaction. Primary clinical endpoints included cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, and stent thrombosis. The secondary clinical endpoints were thrombolysis in myocardial infarction bleeding. The follow-up period was 12 months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Genotyping revealed 194 carriers of the wild type GG genotype of CYP2C19 and the wild type CC genotype of P2Y12 (group 1), 102 carriers of the wild type GG genotype of CYP2C19 and the mutational T allele of P2Y12 (group 2), 163 carriers of the mutational A allele of CYP2C19 and the wild type CC genotype of P2Y12 (group 3), and 118 carriers of the mutational A allele of CYP2C19 and the mutational T allele of P2Y12 (group 4). Group 4 had the lowest ADP-inhibition (49.74 ± 32.61) and the highest prevalence of clopidogrel low response (29.7%) of the four groups. The rate of the composite of primary clinical endpoints increased more in group 4 (8.5%) than in the other three groups; the rate of composite primary endpoints in group 2 (2.9%) and group 3 (3.7%) were not significantly different than that of group 1 (1.5%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Coexisting polymorphisms of different genes affected clopidogrel responsiveness and clinical outcome more than single polymorphism in Chinese patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Alleles , Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases , Genetics , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 , Genotype , Mutation , Polymorphism, Genetic , Genetics , Receptors, Purinergic P2Y12 , Genetics , Ticlopidine , Therapeutic Uses
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1612-1617, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350455

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Though drug-eluting stent (DES) almost solved a problem of restenosis, safety issues related to stent thrombosis are still the major concern of DES. We hypothesized that hybrid stent implantation may decrease the use of DES, probably improving the long-term safety but not affecting efficacy adversely when treating multilesion coronary artery disease in the DES era.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2004 to October 2006, 848 patients with multilesion disease underwent hybrid stent implantation. During the same period 5647 patients with multilesion coronary heart disease were treated by exclusive DES implantation in Fu Wai Hospital. According to propensity score matching, we chose 823 pairs of patients with multileison coronary artery disease for inclusion into our study. We obtained the 24-month clinical outcome including death, myocardial infarction (MI), thrombosis, target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), and major adverse cardiac events (MACE, the composite of death, MI, and TVR). We used Cox's proportional-hazard models to assess relative risks of all the outcome measures after propensity match.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At 24 months, patients in the hybrid stent implantation group showed a significantly higher risk of TLR (8.39% vs. 3.28%, HR 2.38, 95%CI: 1.50 - 3.70), TVR (11.07% vs. 6.32%, HR 1.61, 95%CI: 1.15 - 2.27) and MACE (13.75% vs. 8.75%, HR 1.37, 95%CI: 1.02 - 1.85). No significant difference was apparent in terms of mortality (1.22% vs. 1.70%, HR 0.55, 95%CI: 0.24 - 1.25), MI (1.95% vs. 2.31%, HR 0.73, 95%CI: 0.37 - 1.42), or thrombosis (definite + probable) (0.73% vs. 1.58%, HR 0.40, 95%CI: 0.15 - 1.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In patients with multilesion coronary artery disease, the exclusive DES implantation was associated with significantly lower risks of TLR, TVR and MACE, and the hybrid stent implantation did not result in any significant improvements regarding safety issues. Prospective studies are needed to confirm our results.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3398-3403, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316499

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Restenosis of bare-metal stents (BMS) and drug-eluting stents (DES) has been increasingly treated with sirolimus-eluting stents (SES), but the long-term outcomes are unknown.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In our study, 388 consecutive patients (144 DES restenosis and 244 BMS restenosis) with 400 lesions (147 DES restenosis and 253 BMS restenosis) treated with SES were included. The rates of target lesion revascularization (TLR) and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 42 months were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At the mean follow-up of 42 months, the rates of death (3.5% vs. 3.3%, P = 1.000) and myocardial infarction (2.8% vs. 1.2%, P = 0.431) in the DES group and BMS group were comparable. Compared with the BMS group, ischemia-driven TLR occurred with a higher frequency in the DES group (18.8% vs. 10.7%, P = 0.024). This translated into an increased rate of MACE in the DES group (22.2% vs. 14.0%, P = 0.034). Stent thrombosis occurred with a similar frequency in both groups (2.8% vs. 1.6%, P = 0.475). Multivariate analysis showed that DES restenosis (OR = 1.907, 95%CI 1.108 - 3.285, P = 0.020) and smoking (OR = 2.069; 95%CI 1.188 - 3.605; P = 0.010) were independent predictors of MACE.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Although SES implantation appears to be safe and effective, it was associated with higher TLR recurrence for DES than BMS restenosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Restenosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Sirolimus , Therapeutic Uses , Stents
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4221-4225, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339867

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Among patients with advanced multivessel coronary disease, left ventricular (LV) function is widely variable, and clinical and angiographic correlates of ventricular dysfunction remain to be defined.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Among 73 339 patients undergoing diagnostic cardiac catheterization at a single center in China, patients with left ventriculographic assessment were identified with three-vessel coronary disease with or without left main involvement. Clinical and angiographic characteristics were examined among patients with normal or varying extent of LV dysfunction, and predictors of LV impairment (ejection fraction (EF): < 25%, 25% - 40% or > 40%) were determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 11 950 patients identified with three-vessel coronary disease, the sample distribution of LVEF was > 40%, n = 10 776; 25% - 40%, n = 948; < 25%, n = 226. Patients with reduced LV function (< 40%) more commonly were male and had a history of myocardial infarction (MI), diabetes or unstable angina. Hypertension was more frequent in those with LVEF ≥ 40%. In a multivariate Logistic regression analysis, prior MI (odds ratio (OR), 3.37; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.96 - 3.84) was most predictive of LVEF < 40%, followed by male gender, diabetes, and presentation with unstable angina. For LVEF < 25%, only prior MI was identified as a significant correlate of severe LV dysfunction (OR 4.06, 95%CI 3.06 - 5.39). Following exclusion of patients with previous MI (n = 7416), male gender and diabetes were predictive of LVEF < 40%, yet presentation with unstable angina was the only factor significantly associated with LVEF < 25%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Among individuals identified with three-vessel coronary disease with or without left main involvement, previous MI was the most significant risk factor of LV dysfunction.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Disease , Pathology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Pathology
17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 30-33, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275112

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore clinical outcomes of patients undergoing emergent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) following failed percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the stent era.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eleven patients who underwent emergent CABG following failed PCI from January, 2002 to December 2010 were enrolled. The in-hospital follow-up included cardiac deaths, Q-wave myocardial infarction, kidney failure, and cerebrovascular events. The clinical end-point of out-hospital follow-up was the major adverse cardiac events including death, myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients were (61 ± 5) years old. Coronary angiography showed 5 patients had triple vessel lesions. There were 9 target lesions on left anterior descending artery. There were 3 (27.3%) severe calcified, 4 (36.4%) chronic total occlusion, and 4 (36.4%) diffused long lesions. Reasons for emergent CABG were dissection (n = 5, 45.5%), perforation (n = 3, 27.3%), failure to sufficient predilation (n = 1, 9.1%), acute closure (n = 1, 9.1%) and stent loss (n = 1, 9.1%). The average duration of follow-up was (47 ± 33) months. During in-hospital follow-up, there were 1 (9.1%) cardiac death and 2 (18.2%) Q wave myocardial infarction. During follow-up after hospital discharge, 1 patient (9.1%) died of kidney failure, and there was no rehospitalization due to cardiac events.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Emergent CABG after failed PCI often happened in patients with complex coronary lesions. The long term outcome of patients requiring emergent CABG after failed PCI was favorable in this cohort.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Artery Disease , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Emergency Treatment , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 208-211, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244021

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The purpose of this study is to evaluate the in-hospital clinical outcome of patients with coronary artery disease who underwent transradial intervention (TRI) and analyze the predictors of clinical outcome.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From May 2004 to May 2009, there were 16 281 patients who underwent transradial intervention, as well as 5388 patients who underwent transfemoral intervention (TFI) at our institution. The clinical characteristics, procedural characteristics, and in-hospital clinical adverse events were compared between TRI and TFI groups. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to determine predictors of in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (composite of death, myocardial infarction, or target lesion revascularization) of TRI.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The annulations time was significantly longer for TRI than TFI (P < 0.01), fluoroscopy time, amount of contrast agent and procedural success rate (95.5% for TRI and 96.2% for TFI) were similar between the two groups. However, the rates of vascular complications (0.1% for TRI group and 1.3% for TFI group, P < 0.01), incidence of in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (1.6% vs. 3.8%, P < 0.01) and in-hospital death (0.2% vs. 0.4%, P < 0.01) were all significantly lower in TRI group compared with TFI group. The following characteristics were identified as independent multivariate predictors of in-hospital major adverse cardiac events of TRI: age ≥ 65 (OR: 1.98, 95%CI: 1.50 - 2.61, P < 0.01), prior myocardial infarction (OR: 2.14, 95%CI: 1.63 - 2.82, P < 0.01), use of drug-eluting stent (DES) (OR: 0.68, 95%CI: 0.47 - 0.98, P = 0.04), dissection during procedure (OR: 4.08, 95%CI: 2.28 - 7.33, P < 0.01), left main lesion (OR: 2.12, 95%CI: 1.09 - 4.13, P = 0.03), number of implanted stents (OR: 1.25, 95%CI: 1.09 - 1.43, P < 0.01), and total stented length (OR: 1.01, 95%CI: 1.00 - 1.02, P = 0.03).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In this large single-centre patient cohort, the transradial intervention is superior to transfemoral intervention in terms of in-hospital safety and efficacy. Age ≥ 65, prior myocardial infarction, use of DES, dissection during procedure, left main lesion, number of implanted stents and total stented length were identified as independent multivariate predictors of in-hospital major adverse cardiac events of TRI.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Coronary Artery Disease , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Inpatients , Logistic Models , Radial Artery , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 845-850, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239937

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The role of plasma high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in in-stent restenosis (ISR) remains controversial. We investigated plasma hs-CRP level at both admission and follow-up in patients with stable angina (SA) after successful coronary stenting in order to clarify the predictive value of hs-CRP for ISR.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We summarized 303 consecutive chronic SA patients with coronary drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. The ISR was analyzed by quantitative coronary analysis (QCA) at a mean follow-up of 8 months, and the patients were divided into two groups according to the detected ISR as ISR group (n = 48) and non-ISR group (n = 255). Plasma hs-CRP was examined at both admission and 8-month follow-up in all patients, standard medication continued throughout the investigation period.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>QCA presented that 48 patients (15.8%) suffered from ISR at follow-up. The basic clinical characteristics were similar between the two groups, while plasma hs-CRP was higher in ISR group than that in non-ISR group at both admission and follow-up, P < 0.001 respectively. Multivariate regression analysis indicated that plasma hs-CRP level at either admission or follow-up could independently predict ISR occurrence (OR = 5.581, 95%CI 2.532-12.302, P < 0.001 and OR = 6.299, 95%CI 2.722-14.577, P < 0.001, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our data indicate that plasma hs-CRP level may independently predict ISR at both admission and follow-up in SA patients with coronary DES implantation, which implies that a chronic, sustained systemic inflammatory response might be involved in ISR pathogenesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angina Pectoris , Therapeutics , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Coronary Restenosis , Blood , Therapeutics , Multivariate Analysis
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 990-996, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239907

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Recent data have shown that sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) reduced not only the incidences of restenosis but also of target vessel revascularization (TVR). CYPHER and FIREBIRD stents are both widely used SES in China. However, comparative data concerning differences in long-term safety and efficacy regarding CYPHER and FIREBIRD stents in the Chinese population are still not available.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2004 to October 2006, 3979 consecutive patients who underwent successful SES (FIREBIRD 2274; CYPHER 1705) implantation were prospectively enrolled into this study. All enrolled patients were divided into two groups based on stent type. Follow-up data, including death, myocardial infarction (MI), thrombosis, target lesion revascularization (TLR), TVR, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE, the composite of death, MI, and TVR) were obtained at 24 months. Cox's proportional-hazards models were used to assess relative risks of all the outcome measures between the two groups before and after propensity match.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Unadjusted clinical outcomes demonstrated higher TVR (hazard ratio (HR) 1.78, 95%CI 1.26 - 2.50) and MACE (HR 1.40, 95%CI 1.08 - 1.82) for patients treated with FIREBIRD SES. After propensity match, the results showed a non-significant trend towards superiority of the CYPHER stent in all the analyzed parameters, however, no significant differences were found for all events at 24 months between FIREBIRD and CYPHER groups, and all thrombosis rates by Academic Research Consortium (ARC) definition were comparable between the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In this large, real-world population, the use of domestic FIREBIRD SES in China was associated with nearly the same safety and efficacy versus the imported CYPHER SES. FIREBIRD SES can be taken as an alternative for CYPHER SES in daily practice.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , China , Coronary Restenosis , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Myocardial Infarction , Therapeutics , Proportional Hazards Models , Sirolimus , Treatment Outcome
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