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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 166-174, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005266

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveMetabolomics was used to reveal the mechanism of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata(ALRP) in attenuating toxicity by processing from the aspects of amino acid metabolism, oxidative stress and energy metabolism by analyzing multiple metabolic pathways. MethodTwenty-four rats were randomly divided into control group, raw group and processed group, 8 rats in each group. The raw and processed group were given with 0.64 g·kg-1 of raw ALRP and processed ALRP respectively every day, the control group was given with an equal amount of normal saline once a day. After continuous administration for 7 days, the urine, serum and heart tissue of rats were collected. Pathological examination of the heart was carried out using hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, and the activities of lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) and creatine kinase-MB(CK-MB) in serum and cardiac tissues were detected by microplate assay and immunoinhibition assay. The effects of ALRP on rat heart before and after processing were compared and analyzed. Ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was used to perform urine metabolomics analysis, and multivariate statistical analysis was used to screen for differential metabolites related to ALRP in attenuating toxicity by processing, and pathway enrichment analysis was carried out to explore the processing mechanism. ResultHE staining showed that no obvious pathological changes were observed in the heart tissue of the control group, while obvious infiltration of inflammatory cells such as plasma cells and granulocytes was observed in the heart tissue of the raw group, indicating that the raw ALRP had strong cardiotoxicity. There was no significant difference in HE staining of heart tissue between the processed group and the control group, indicating that the toxicity of ALRP was significantly reduced after processing. Compared with the control group, the activities of LDH and CK-MB were significantly increased in serum and heart tissue of the raw group, and those were significantly decreased in serum and heart tissue of the processed group, suggesting that the myocardial toxicity of processed ALRP was reduced. A total of 108 endogenous differential metabolites associated with the raw ALRP were screened using multivariate statistical analysis in positive and negative modes, of which 51 differential metabolites were back-regulated by the processed ALRP. Biological analysis of the key regulatory pathways and associated network changes showed that the pathways related to toxicity of ALRP mainly included tryptophan metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism, phenylalanine metabolism, aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis, alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism, etc. The metabolic pathways related to the attenuation of processed ALRP mainly included aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis, tryptophan metabolism, phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis, phenylalanine metabolism and caffeine metabolism. ConclusionThe processing technology of ALRP in Guilingji can significantly attenuate the cardiotoxicity of raw products, the mechanism mainly involves amino acid metabolism, oxidative stress and energy metabolism, which can provide experimental bases for the research related to the mechanism of toxicity reduction of ALRP by processing and its clinical safety applications.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 974-977, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972270

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the efficacy and safety of intra-articular injection of ropivacaine combined with alfentanil for postoperative analgesia in patients who underwent knee arthroscopic surgery. METHODS A total of 60 patients who underwent knee arthroscopic surgery were collected from the Central Hospital of Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture from March to September in 2022, and then divided into trial group and control group with random number table method, with 30 cases in each group. The control group received intra-articular injection of 0.25% ropivacaine 50 mg, and the trial group received intra-articular injection of 0.25% ropivacaine 50 mg+alfentanil 0.15 μg/kg.The first postoperative remedial analgesia time, the total amount of postoperative remedial drugs, numerical rating scale at rest (NRS-R) scores, numerical rating scale at movement (NRS-M) scores, heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure, and pulse oxygen saturation during exercise at different monitoring time points after surgery, the incidence of adverse drug reactions such as hypotension, respiratory depression, nausea, and vomiting after surgery were compared between 2 groups. RESULTS Compared with the control group, the first postoperative remedial analgesia time was significantly longer in the trial group, and the total amount of postoperative remedial drugs was significantly reduced (P<0.001). The trial group had lower NRS-R and NRS-M scores at each monitoring time point, with statistically significant differences (P<0.001), and there was an interactive effect between time and groups (P<0.001). The changes in heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure, and pulse oxygen saturation of patients in the trial group were relatively small, with no statistically significant differences (P>0.05), and there was no interactive effect between time and groups (P>0.05). There was no statistical significance in the incidence of adverse drug reactions between 2 groups, such as postoperative hypotension, respiratory depression, nausea, vomiting (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS The intra- articular injection of ropivacaine combined with alfentanil shows good efficacy and safety for post-knee arthroscopic analgesia, and significantly prolongs the analgesic duration of ropivacaine.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 395-399, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964236

ABSTRACT

Retinal arterial macroaneurysm(RAM)is a kind of acquired retinal vascular disorder. The pathogenesis of RAM is not yet clear, and it is associated with some systemic conditions, including hypertension, arteriosclerosis and hyperlipidemia. RAM is prone to exudation or bleeding, leading to some other complications in the condition of hypertension due to the weak tube wall, and its clinical manifestations are complex and diverse, which makes it difficult to diagnose. RAM itself has a tendency of self-degeneration, and the prognosis of visual acuity is good if the lesion doesn't involve the macular area. However, when the macula is affected by exudation and/or bleeding, the vision is severely affected and some feasible treatments are needed. Understanding the typical imaging manifestations of RAM is helpful to make a definite diagnosis and give corresponding treatment measures. In this paper, the manifestations of RAM by various examination methods are reviewed and the corresponding treatments of different types of RAM are summarized, aiming to provide reference for the early diagnosis and treatment of RAM in the future.

4.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 151-156, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990736

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of failure using nasal high frequency oscillatory ventilation (nHFOV) as initial therapy in the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs).Methods:From January 2018 to December 2021, VLBWIs with RDS initially supported by nHFOV in NICU of our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. They were assigned into success and failure groups according to the ventilation efficacy. Demographic data and clinical outcomes of the two groups were compared. Risk factors of initial nHFOV failure were analyzed using binary Logistic regression method.Results:A total of 135 infants were included, including 103 in the success group and 32 in the failure group. The initial nHFOV failure rate was 23.7%. The failure group had lower pH (7.26±0.09 vs. 7.33±0.08) and PaO 2 [61.0 (49.6, 77.2) mmHg vs. 83.6 (64.4, 99.0) mmHg] than the success group ( P<0.05) and higher PaCO 2 than the success group [49.0 (42.3, 58.1) mmHg vs. 43.4 (36.0, 50.0) mmHg] ( P<0.05). Using PaCO 2 as predictor, the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.682 (95% CI 0.575-0.788) and the cut-off value was 44.8 mmHg for nHFOV failure and the AUC was 0.716 (95% CI 0.615-0.817) and the cut-off value was 67.1 mmHg for nHFOV success. The incidences of early onset sepsis (EOS), shock within 3 d and hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) in the failure group were significantly higher than the success group (40.6% vs. 7.8%, 53.1% vs. 2.9%, 31.3% vs. 13.6%, P<0.05, respectively). Binary logistic regression analysis found that PaO 2<67.1 mmHg ( OR=5.458,95% CI 1.730-17.220) on the first blood gas analysis and shock within 3 d ( OR=26.585,95% CI 3.854-183.396) were independent risk factors for initial nHFOV failure ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The failure of initial nHFOV is correlated with the first blood gas parameters, EOS, hsPDA and shock within 3 d. Shock within 3 d and low PaO 2(<67.1 mmHg) were independent risk factors for initial nHFOV failure.

5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1099-1105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985639

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between long-term fasting blood glucose (FPG) variability and all-cause mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: A total of 7 174 type 2 diabetic patients included in National Basic Public Health Service Program in Changshu of Jiangsu Province were recruited as participants. Long-term glucose variability was assessed using standard deviation (SD), coefficient of variation (CV), average real variability (ARV), and variability independent of the mean (VIM) across FPG measurements at the more than three visits. Death information were mainly obtained from the death registry system in Jiangsu. Then Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate the associations of four variability indicators and all-cause mortality's hazard ratios (HRs) and their 95%CIs. Results: Among 55 058.50 person-years of the follow-up, the mean follow-up time was 7.67 years, and 898 deaths occurred during the follow-up period. After adjustment, compared with T1 group, the Cox regression model showed that HRs of T3 group in SD, CV, ARV and VIM were 1.24 (95%CI: 1.03-1.49), 1.20 (95%CI: 1.01-1.43), 1.28 (95%CI: 1.07-1.55) and 1.20 (95%CI:1.01-1.41), respectively. HRs of per 1 SD higher SD, CV, ARV and VIM were 1.13 (95%CI: 1.06-1.21), 1.08 (95%CI: 1.01-1.15), 1.05 (95%CI: 1.00-1.12) and 1.09 (95%CI: 1.02-1.16) for all-cause mortality, respectively. In the stratified analysis, age, gender, hypoglycemic agent and insulin uses had no effect on the above associations (all P for interaction >0.05). Conclusion: Long-term FPG glycemic variability was positively associated with the risk of all-cause mortality in type 2 diabetes patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 148-154, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970895

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of single sperm sequencing in preimplantation genetic testing for monogenic disease (PGT-M).@*METHODS@#A Chinese couple with two children whom had died of Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) and attended the Jiangxi Provincial Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital in June 2020 was selected as the subject. Eleven single sperm samples were isolated by mechanical immobilization and subjected to whole genome amplification. Real-time PCR and Sanger sequencing were used to detect the SMN1 variants in the single sperm samples. Genomic DNA of the wife, her parents and the husband, as well as one single sperm sample harboring the SMN1 variant and two single sperm samples without the variant were used for the linkage analysis. Targeted capture and high-throughput sequencing were carried out to test 100 single nucleotide polymorphisms distributed within 2 Mb up- and downstream the variant site. The haplotypes linked with the SMN1 variants were determined by linkage analysis. Blastocyst embryos were harvested after fertilizing by intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Cells from the trophoblasts of each embryo were biopsied and subjected to whole genome amplification and targeted capture and high-throughput sequencing to determine their carrier status. Chromosomal aneuploidy of wild-type embryos was excluded. An euploid embryo of high quality was transferred. Amniotic fluid sample was taken at 18 weeks of gestation to confirm the status of the fetus.@*RESULTS@#Genetic testing showed that the couple both had deletion of exons 7 ~ 8 of the SMN1 gene. The wife has inherited the deletion from her father, while the husband was de novo. The haplotypes of the husband were successfully constructed by single sperm sequencing. Preimplantation genetic testing has indicated that 5 embryos had harbored the heterozygous variant, 4 embryos were of the wild type, among which 3 were euploid. Prenatal diagnosis during the second trimester of pregnancy has confirmed that the fetus did not carry the deletion.@*CONCLUSION@#By single sperm sequencing and PGT-M, the birth of further affected child has been successfully avoided.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Female , Child , Male , Preimplantation Diagnosis , East Asian People , Semen , Genetic Testing , Muscular Atrophy, Spinal/genetics , Aneuploidy , Blastocyst/pathology , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Spermatozoa
7.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 148-155, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the feasibility and safety of bipolar-plasmakinetic transurethral enucleation and resection of the prostate (B-TUERP) in day surgery.@*METHODS@#From January 2021 to August 2022, 34 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) underwent B-TUERP in day surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University. Patients completed the screening and anesthesia evaluation before admission and received the standard surgery which implements "anatomical enucleation of the prostate" and "absolute bleeding control" on the same day of admission, and by the same doctor. Bladder irrigation was stopped, catheter was removed and the discharge evaluation was performed on the first day after operation. The baseline data, perioperative conditions, time of recovery, treatment outcomes, hospitalization costs, and postoperative complications were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successfully conducted. The average age of the patients was (62.2±7.8) years, average prostate volume was (50.2±29.3) mL. The average operation time was (36.5±19.1) min, the average hemoglobin and blood sodium were decreased by (16.2±7.1) g/L and (2.2±2.0) mmol/L, respectively. The average postoperative length of hospital stay, and total length of hospital stay were (17.7±2.2) and (20.8±2.1) h, respectively, and the average hospitalization cost was (13 558±2320) CNY. All patients were discharged on the day after surgery except for one patient who was transferred to a general ward. Three patients received indwelling catheterization after catheter removal. The 3-month follow-up results showed a substantial improvement in the International Prostate Symptom Score, quality of life score and maximum urinary flow rate (all P<0.01). Three patients experienced temporary urinary incontinence, 1 patient experienced urinary tract infection, 4 patients were diagnosed with urethral stricture and 2 patients experienced bladder neck contracture. No complications above Clavien grade Ⅱ occurred.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The preliminary results showed that B-TUERP ambulatory surgery is a safe, feasible, economical and effective treatment for appropriately selected patients with BPH.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Prostate/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures , Quality of Life , Feasibility Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2160-2185, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981347

ABSTRACT

Starting with the relationship between mulberry leaves and silkworm droppings as food and metabolites, this study systematically compared the chemical components, screened out differential components, and quantitatively analyzed the main differential components based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) and UPLC-Q-TRAP-MS combined with principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA). Moreover, the in vitro enzymatic transformation of the representative differential components was studied. The results showed that(1) 95 components were identified from mulberry leaves and silkworm droppings, among which 27 components only exist in mulberry leaves and 8 components in silkworm droppings. The main differential components were flavonoid glycosides and chlorogenic acids.(2) Nineteen components with significant difference were quantitatively analyzed, and the components with significant differences and high content were neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, and rutin.(3) The crude protease in the mid-gut of silkworm significantly metabolized neochlorogenic acid and chlorogenic acid, which may be an important reason for the efficacy change in mulberry leaves and silkworm droppings. This study lays a scientific foundation for the development, utilization, and quality control of mulberry leaves and silkworm droppings. It provides references for clarifying the possible material basis and mechanism of the pungent-cool and dispersing nature of mulberry leaves transforming into the pungent-warm and dampness-resolving nature of silkworm droppings, and offers a new idea for the study of nature-effect transformation mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bombyx , Morus/chemistry , Chlorogenic Acid/analysis , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Plant Leaves/chemistry
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2424-2433, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999144

ABSTRACT

Gouty arthritis is a type of metabolic rheumatic disease caused by autoimmune abnormalities. Currently, the use of Western medicine in the clinical treatment of gouty arthritis has been associated with a high risk of adverse reactions. Therefore, there is a growing interest in exploring therapeutic drugs from traditional Chinese medicine as a potential alternative. According to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, gouty arthritis has been classified as damp-heat arthralgia syndrome. Shirebi granules has been found to have good clinical efficacy in treating gouty arthritis. However, its underlying pharmacological mechanisms remain unclear. To address this problem, the study first established the interaction network of candidate targets for Shirebi granules, which is used to treat damp-heat syndrome of gouty arthritis. Then, the key candidate targets of Shirebi granules for treating gouty arthritis with damp-heat syndrome were screened by calculating the topological features of the network nodes. Then, the functional mining of the key candidate targets revealed that the candidate targets of Shirebi granules may intervene in the biological process of inflammatory response and lipid metabolism through the crosstalk of Wnt/β-catenin signaling. To verify the effectiveness of Shirebi granules in treating gouty arthritis with damp-heat syndrome, a rat model was established. The results demonstrated that the granules significantly improved the severity of arthritis in rats with this condition, reduced joint inflammation, gait score, swelling index, increased mechanical pain threshold (P < 0.05), and reduced the content of serum inflammatory factors IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in gouty arthritis rats with damp-heat syndrome (P < 0.01) gouty. It was also found that Shirebi granules effectively alleviated the symptoms of dampness heat syndrome such as local joint fever and dry mouth by reducing the temperature of the joints in acute gouty arthritis with damp-heat syndrome (AD) rats, increasing the threshold of heat pain, increasing water intake (P < 0.01), and inhibiting abnormal changes in the content of fatty acid oxidation related enzymes (P < 0.01). Western blot analysis showed that Shirebi granules increased the protein expression levels of Wnt and β-catenin (P < 0.01) while decreasing the protein expression of p65, p-p65 and PPARγ (P < 0.01) in rats with gouty arthritis and damp-heat syndrome. The results showed that Shirebi granules may reverse the "inflammation-immune" imbalance and lipid metabolism disorder by regulating the crosstalk of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, and play a role in alleviating the severity of the disease. This study provides a methodological reference for elucidating the pharmacological mechanisms of traditional Chinese medicine formulas. It also presents research ideas for the appropriate clinical use of Chinese patent medicines and the development of new clinical drugs for gouty arthritis therapy. The animal welfare and experiment procedures of this study were performed in accordance with the regulations of the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Experimental Research Center, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences (grant No. ERCCACMS11-2302-08).

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2434-2441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999139

ABSTRACT

Blood stasis syndrome is one of the core clinical syndrome of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the biological connotation of this syndrome is not clear, and there is a lack of disease improved animal models that match the characteristics of this disease and syndrome. The aim of this study was to screen the candidate biomarker gene set of blood stasis syndrome of RA, reveal the biological connotation of this syndrome, and explore and evaluate the preparation method of the improved animal model based on the characteristics of "disease-syndrome-symptom". The study was approved by the ethics committee of Guang'anmen Hospital, Chinese Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No. 2019-073-KY-01) and the First Affiliated Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No. TYLL2021[K]018), and the study subjects gave their informed consent. Animal welfare and experimental procedures followed the regulations of the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of the Chinese Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No. IBTCMCACMS21-2207-01). The whole blood samples were collected clinically from RA patients with blood stasis syndrome (3 cases) or other syndromes (7 types, 3 cases/type), and healthy volunteers (4 cases), and then transcriptome sequencing, KEGG, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA) analysis were performed. 126 pivotal genes were screened, and their functional annotation results were significantly enriched in "immune-inflammation" related pathways and lipid metabolism regulation (sphingolipids, ether lipid metabolism and steroid biosynthesis). Syndrome-symptom mapping of hub gene set to the TCM primary and secondary symptoms, Western phenotypic symptoms and pathological links showed that joint tingling, abnormal joint morphology, petechiae and abnormal blood circulation are representative of blood stasis syndrome of RA. The results of the improved animal model showed that the rats in the collagen-induced arthritis + adrenaline hydrochloride (CIA+Adr) 3 model group had increased blood rheology, coagulation, platelet function and endothelial function abnormalities compared with the CIA-alone model group, suggesting that the rats with blood stasis syndrome of RA may be in a state of "blood stasis". The results of the study can help to advance the objective study of the evidence of blood stasis syndrome in RA, and provide new ideas for the establishment of an animal model that reflects the clinical characteristics of the disease and syndrome.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2802-2810, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999021

ABSTRACT

UiO-66 (University of Oslo 66) is a kind of promising material that can improve the release and bioavailability of poorly water-soluble bioactive compounds of traditional Chinese medicine. However, the loading of quercetin in raw UiO-66 was not ideal. In this study, UiO-66-BH (UiO-66-blend-heating) was obtained by heating UiO-66 and KOH solution following blended them. UiO-66-BH maintained the outline of octahedral structure of UiO-66 but with obvious rough and uneven pores on the surface. UiO-66-BH had good adsorption of quercetin with saturation adsorption was 138.92 mg·g-1, the adsorption process belonged to single molecular layer adsorption and was controlled by chemisorption. UiO-66-BH can control the release of quercetin in simulated gastrointestinal fluid, and the drug concentration was significantly higher than that of free quercetin after long-term release (36% vs 9%). Compared with quercetin, the ABTS (2,2′-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) ammonium salt) radical scavenging activity of UiO-66-BH@quercetin drug delivery system decreased, while the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging activity remained almost unchanged. The drug delivery system showed a strong antioxidant effect similar to quercetin. The findings indicated that UiO-66-BH could control release of quercetin and was expected to be used as a drug carrier material for some insoluble active components of traditional Chinese medicine such as quercetin.

12.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 313-315, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994486

ABSTRACT

To report 2 cases of Iso-Kikuchi syndrome, both of which were congenital. Case 1, a 7-month-old female infant, visited the hospital due to abnormalities in the nail plate of the left index finger for 7 months; case 2, a 3-year-old male child, also visited the hospital due to abnormalities in the nail plate of the left index finger for 3 years. The 2 patients both presented with 2 tiny, independent nail plates on both sides of the nail bed of the left index finger, instead of normal nail plates. Based on their clinical features, the 2 patients were diagnosed with Iso-Kikuchi syndrome (congenital onychodysplasia of the index finger). The mother of case 1 had a history of progesterone use to prevent miscarriage during pregnancy, the mothers of the two patients both suffered from hypothyroidism and continued to receive thyroid hormone replacement therapy during pregnancy, and the mother of case 2 had a history of gestational diabetes. It is still unclear whether these comorbidities and drugs are directly related to the occurrence of Iso-Kikuchi syndrome.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 696-700, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993876

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the practicality and safety of performing a radical prostatectomy(RP)shortly after the diagnosis of prostate cancer using a combination of prostate targeted biopsy and intraoperative frozen section.Methods:Prospective enrollment was conducted for patients suspected of having prostate cancer based on abnormal prostate specific antigen(PSA)levels.The inclusion criteria for the study were as follows: patients aged 80 years or younger with an ECOG score of 1 or lower.Prior to biopsy, patients underwent both prostate magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)and prostate specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography/computed tomography(PSMA PET/CT)to determine the likelihood of prostate cancer with clinical stages within T 2-3aN 0M 0.In order to be included in the study, patients must agree to receive RP after their prostate cancer diagnosis has been confirmed by biopsy.All enrolled patients underwent a targeted prostate biopsy, consisting of 1-2 cores.These specimens were then examined through frozen section analysis.For patients diagnosed with prostate cancer through intraoperative frozen section pathology, RP was immediately performed.In this study, transperineal prostate targeted+ systematic biopsy was utilized for patients with undiagnosed prostate cancer.Additionally, routine pathological examination of specimens was conducted.The study analyzed the baseline data, surgical conditions, pathological results, and follow-up information of patients in a descriptive manner. Results:Seven patients, ranging in age from 54 to 77 years with a mean age of 66.7 years, were enrolled in the study.Their mean PSA level was 12.668 μg/L, ranging from 4.359 to 22.195 μg/L.Of these patients, 4 had a PI-RADS score of 4 and 3 had a score of 5.The maximum diameter of the index lesion was 1.3 cm, ranging from 0.5 to 2.2 cm.PSMA PET/CT scores were 4 in 1 case and 5 in 6 cases.The index lesions detected by PSMA PET/CT were consistent with those detected by MRI, and the maximum standardized uptake value(SUVmax)was 15.7, ranging from 5.3 to 39.4.Prostate cancer was diagnosed through targeted biopsy and intraoperative frozen section pathology.Four cases had a Gleason score of 3+ 3=6, while one case had a Gleason score of 3+ 4=7, another had a score of 4+ 3=7, and the last had a score of 4+ 4=8.All patients underwent RP treatment immediately after the prostate cancer diagnosis.Only one patient had slight adhesion at the apex of the prostate, while the other six patients were evaluated by surgeons as having no obvious adhesion at the apex.All surgeries were completed successfully, with a mean operation time of 149.7(ranging from 108 to 255)minutes.After RP, whole mount pathology results indicated that all cases were prostate adenocarcinoma, with a Gleason score of 3+ 4=7 in four cases and 4+ 3=7 in three cases.The pathological stages were pT2 in three cases and pT3a in four cases, with five cases having negative surgical margins and two cases with positive surgical margins.During the study, all patients were monitored for a period of 5.4 months(ranging from 3 to 7 months)and no complications of Clavien Dino≥Ⅰ were observed.PSA levels were measured at 6 weeks and 3 months after surgery, with readings of 0.020 μg/L(ranging from 0 to 0.079 μg/L)and 0.016 μg/L(ranging from 0 to 0.087 μg/L), respectively.No hormonal therapy or radiotherapy was administered during this time.Four patients were able to recover from urinary continence.Conclusions:Based on a combination of MRI and PSMA PET/CT, it is both safe and feasible to promptly perform RP following the diagnosis of prostate cancer through targeted biopsy for index lesions, along with intraoperative frozen section.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 490-494, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957415

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and reliability of the frozen section during targeted prostate biopsy.Methods:The clinical and pathological information of patients who received cognitive fusion transperineal targeted plus systematic biopsy and frozen section of 1-2 core targeted biopsy were consecutively collected and retrospectively studied. The median age was 70 (ranging 64-78) years, with the median prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level of 11.00 (ranging 6.63-16.52) ng/ml and the median prostate volume of 35.72 (ranging 22.59-47.71) ml. All patients received bi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (bp-MRI) and have Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) 3 or higher lesions diagnosed on bp-MRI. The suspected lesions would be taken by targeted biopsy of which one or two cores would be sent to prepare for the frozen sections. Then a cognitive fusion targeted and systematic biopsy covering the above targeted zones would be routinely administered under a transperineal approach as a standard protocol. The total time used for diagnosis of the frozen sections, the pathological diagnosis and the International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade groups (GG) would be recorded. The sensitivity, the positive predictive value, and the accuracy on grade groups would be analyzed, using the pathological diagnosis based on standard sections from the same targeted lesion.Results:A total of 29 patients were included in this study. Accordingly, 29 suspected lesions were identified on bp-MRI. A total of 20 lesions were finally diagnosed of PCa on frozen section, with the detection rate of 69.0%. Of those, 9(45.0%) cases were ISUP GG 1 diseases, 5(25.0%) cases were GG 2 diseases, 1(5.0%) case was GG 3 disease, and 5(25.0%) cases were GG 4-5 diseases. A total of 22 lesions were diagnosed with PCa on standard sections of cores from the same targeted lesions, with the detection rate of 75.9%. Of those, 6(27.3%) cases were GG 1 disease, 11(50.0%) cases were GG 2 diseases, 1(4.5) case was GG 3 disease, and 4(18.2%) cases were GG 4-5 diseases. The sensitivity and the positive predictive value of frozen section were 90.9% and 100%, respectively. No false positive diagnosis was made by frozen section. Compared to diagnosis from frozen sections, the GG diagnosed from final standard sections were found to upgrade and downgrade in 2 and 2 cases, respectively. The accuracy rate on GG of frozen sections was 80%. The time used for the diagnosis of frozen sections was (11±2) minutes. The histology quality control of four specimens was dissatisfactory. Two were due to tissue loss and deformation during sampling, and the other two were due to cytoclasis during low-temperature transferring.Conclusion:It is feasible and reliable to make a pathological diagnosis from frozen section of prostate targeted biopsy.

15.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 464-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965137

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To follow up and evaluate the stability testing status of γ stereotactic radiotherapy system (hereinafter γ knife WS 582-2017 Specifications for Testing of Quality Control in X and γ referred to ) in medical institutions based on the RayStereotactic Radiotherapy System WS 582-2017 Methods (hereinafter referred to ). A total of 43 medical institutions using γ knife and 54 medical physics personnel were recruited as the research subjects by random sampling method. Based on the - - standard tracking evaluation method, we followed up the evaluation of γ knife stability testing based on WS 582 2017. Results - Only 66.7% of the 54 subjects preformed WS 582 2017 in their daily work. Only 30.2% (all were tertiary hospital) of 43 medical institutions were equipped with complete quality control and testing equipment. The implementation rate of γ knife stability test was 67.4%, and it was not carried out in strict accordance with the test events and test cycle requirements - specified in the WS 582 2017. There were incomplete test events, incomplete records or test cycles that did not meet the Conclusion standard requirements in γ knife stability test. Medical institutions did not carry out γ knife stability tests in strict - accordance with the projects and cycle required by the WS 582 2017. The reasons are related to medical institutions are not equipped with complete testing equipment, the personnel are lack of understanding of relevant national standards, the poor publicity and implementation of the standards, the lack of standardized training channels and inadequate health supervision.

16.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 712-718, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932126

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the expression and clinical significance of reticulocalbin 3 (RCN3) in colon cancer by bioinformatics database and biological experiments.Methods:Colon cancer HT29 and SW620 cells and colon normal mucosal cells FHC were cultured. The expression of RCN3 in cells was verified by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot. The expression data of RCN3 in normal colon tissue and colon cancer tissue were obtained by Ualcan database. The co-expressed gene information of RCN3 from LinkedOmics database was obtained, and the biological processes and related functions of these RCN3 co-expressed genes through were analyzed by gene ontology analysis (GO) enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis. The protein-protein interaction network of RCN3 related coding genes was constructed by using STRING database. Finally, the relationship between the expression of RCN3 and the clinical prognosis of patients with colon cancer was compared and analyzed according to GEPIA, Ualcan and Linked Omics biological database.Results:Western blot and qRT-PCR results showed that the mRNA and protein expression of RCN3 in HT29 and SW620 colon cancer cells was significantly higher than those in FHCcells ( all P<0.05). The analysis of biological database showed that the expression level of RCN3 in colon cancer tissue was higher than that in normal colon tissue ( P<0.05). GO enrichment analysis showed that RCN3 co-expression genes were mainly involved in the composition of extracellular matrix and extracellular domain structure, the binding process of extracellular matrix and multiple receptors, and the biological processes related to tumor development such as cell adhesion, immune response, and angiogenesis through extracellular domain structure. KEGG pathway analysis showed that RCN3 co-expression genes were mainly involved in ECM receptor interaction, cytokine receptor interaction, chemokine signaling pathway, phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase protein kinase B (PI3K-Akt) signaling pathway, phagosome signal, IgA related intestinal immune network signal, these signaling pathways always related to tumor invasion, migration and inflammatory immune response. The protein-protein interaction network analysis showed that the coding protein genes that directly interacted with RCN3 protein that included PRDX6, NOSIP, PCSK6, IMMP1L, PRRG2, FBXO47, FCGRT, FKBP9, PCDHGA12, and PNMAL1, which were mainly involved in the occurrence and development of colorectal cancer, liver cancer, gastric cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, and ovarian cancer. Survival curve analysis showed that the overall survival rate of colon cancer patients with high expression of RCN3 was significantly lower than that of patients with low expression of RCN3 ( P<0.05). Conclusions:RCN3 is highly expressed in colon cancer tissues and cells, which is closely related to the occurrence, development and prognosis of colon cancer. It can be used as one of the markers for early screening and prognosis prediction of colon cancer.

17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 261-266, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931378

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a practical education training quality evaluation system that can monitor the entire training process for the master of public health, and to provide a basis for improving the public health education system.Methods:Based on the survey of the current status of the master of public health, combined with the literature survey, the focus group discussion and the expert forum, an evaluation system was established, and the weight coefficient of each index was determined by the analytic hierarchy process (AHP). All data were entered by Excel double-person, and matlabR2018a was used to calculate the weight, and determine the maximum characteristic root of the matrix, consistency index and consistency ratio.Results:The evaluation index system consisted of 7 first-level indicators and 24 second-level indicators. The average authority coefficient of 32 experts was 0.791. The top three items with the highest weight in the first-level indicators were mentor guidance (0.213), professional practice (0.157) and scientific research topics (0.149). The weight coefficient consistency ratio ( CR) was 0.040, showing that the consistency test passed ( CR<0.1). Conclusion:The educational quality evaluation system of the master of public health constructed by the institute is scientific, and the weight of the evaluation index reflects the focus of the postgraduate training process of the master of public health, which can provide a reference for improving the quality of public health professionals.

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Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 35-39, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930988

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of quality improvement project of respiratory support in delivery room on the short-term clinical outcomes of very/extremely low birth weight infant (VLBWI/ELBWI).Methods:The clinical data of VLBWI/ELBWI before and after the implementation of the quality improvement project of respiratory support in delivery room in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The incidences of endotracheal intubation in delivery room, total endotracheal intubation within 72 h after birth, mechanical ventilation duration, total oxygen therapy duration, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and other complications were compared between pre-improvement group (from January to October 2019) and post-improvement group (from January to December 2020).Results:A total of 85 cases were included in pre-improvement group and 85 in post-improvement group. The gestational age of the two groups were (29.2±1.4) weeks and (29.1±1.5)weeks and the birth weight were (1 180±195) g and (1 186±207) g, without significant differences ( P>0.05). After the implementation of the quality improvement project, the incidence of endotracheal intubation in the delivery room decreased from 32.9% to 2.4%, and the total incidence of endotracheal intubation within 72 h after birth decreased from 58.8% to 27.1%. The usage of pulmonary surfactant significantly decreased from 54.1% to 38.8% ( P<0.05) and the incidence of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) also significantly decreased from 17.6% to 5.9% ( P<0.05).No significant differences existed among other complications ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The quality improvement project of respiratory support in the delivery room can significantly reduce the incidence of endotracheal intubation in VLBWI/ELBWI without increasing short-term adverse outcome.

19.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 394-399, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958382

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of the nutrient vessel of medial and lateral sural subcutaneous nerve chimeric tissue flap based on posterior perforating branch of peroneal artery to repair the composite tissue defect in the Achilles tendon area.Methods:From January 2016 to June 2021, 12 patients suffering from infectious wound with defect of Achilles tendon were treated in the Department of Trauma and Microscopic Orthopaedics, 988th Hospital of the Joint Logistics Support Force of PLA. The area of soft tissue defect around Achilles tendon was 2.5 cm× 4.5 cm-8.0 cm×12.5 cm, and the length of the defect of Achilles tendon was 3.0-7.0 cm. The defect around the Achilles tendon were repaired with the nutrient vessel of medial and lateral sural subcutaneous nerve chimeric Achilles tendon flap (ATF) and the posterior perforating branch of peroneal artery was used as the vessel of blood supply. The size of flap was 3.0 cm×5.0 cm-9.0 cm×13.0 cm, and the size of the ATF was 3.0 cm×4.0 cm-3.0 cm×8.0 cm. The donor sites were sutured directly (8 cases) or repaired with skin graft (4 cases). External fixation were put on for 6 weeks after surgery. Then the external fixation was removed and the functional exercise gradually started. Outpatient clinic follow-ups were carried out regularly. Thermann Achilles tendon function assessment system was used to evaluate the last follow-up.Results:The chimeric ATF was harvested and the blood supply of each flap was good during the operation. There was no vascular crisis after surgery. The flaps survived smoothly and the wound achieved grade A healing. All patients were entered follow-up that lasted for 10-24 months. There was good appearance of flaps with minor bloating, and the colour of flaps was similar to the skin around the receiving site. The texture was soft with normal function of the lower legs and ankle. Tendon function was evaluated by Thermann Achilles tendon function assessment system, the result were 8 cases in excellent and 4 cases in good.Conclusion:The nutrient vessel of medial and lateral sural subcutaneous nerve chimeric tissue flap based on posterior perforating branch of peroneal artery can accurately repair a composite tissue defect in the Achilles tendon area, and it is one of the effective methods for the repair of a composite soft tissue wound with Achilles tendon defect.

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Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 298-303, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958370

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore a surgical technique and treatment outcomes of the segmentle bridging reconstruction for severed fingers with single segmentle defect by using the free second toe bone-joint composite tissue combined with the great toe flap.Methods:From June 2010 to September 2017, 5 patients suffered from severed segmental defect of finger were treated. According to the defects of bone-joints, blood vessels, nerves, tendons and other soft tissues, the reconstruction surgery was designed to create a Flow-through bridging composite flap pedicled with the first dorsal metatarsal artery or the plantar artery. The blood vessles carried by the pedicle were anastomosed with the vessels in the finger to restore the blood supply to the distal finger while having the defected finger segment reconstructed. A Flow-through bridging composite flap was created by taking the second toe bone-joint composite tissue combined with a C-shaped or half-moon shaped flap from the fibular side of the great toe. Skin graft, retrograde lateral tarsal flap or free perforator flaps were used in 3 cases to repair the donor sites of the great and second toes. Iliac strip was implanted in 2 cases for toe salvage. Kirschner wires were removed 4-6 weeks after surgery followed by functional exercise.Results:All of the 5 reconstructed distal segments of the fingers survived with the healing of fractures in 8-12 week after surgery. The postoperative follow-up lasted 6-36 months and all the patients had the follow-ups at the outpatient clinic. It was found that the maximum flexion of the reconstructed interphalangel joint was 60 degrees together with dorsiflezion. According to the evaluation standard of the reconstructed function for thumb and finger issued by the Hand Surgery Society of the Chinese Medical Association, 3 fingers were in excellent and 2 in good. No obviouse affect on walking was found in all the patients.Conclusion:The free second toe joint composite tissue together with the great toe flap can be used to bridge the single segmental defect of a finger. It restores the blood supply to as well as the appearance of the distal finger, helps the recovery of the reconstructed distal finger. It is an ideal technique in the treatment of a severed distal segment of the finger.

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