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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 729-735, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990695

ABSTRACT

Postoperative complications of colorectal surgery are one of the most important reasons affecting patients' postoperative health and also an important factor increasing the burden of medical care. It can give policymakers a basis to the optimization of medical resources by clarifying the health economic burden of different postoperative complications through health economic evalua-tion. Through a detailed search of domestic and foreign literatures, the authors summarize and analyze the increased medical costs and prolonged hospital stays associated with postoperative anastomotic leak, surgical site infection, and postoperative ileus. Furthermore, the authors identify shortcomings in existing clinical studies of different mediacal centers for colorectal postoperative complications, in order to better guide future clinical researches related to colorectal postoperative complications.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 322-325, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990643

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is one of the common malignant tumors of the digestive system. The data from China Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgical Alliance suggests that there are great differences in the incidence of gastric cancer, the distribution of tumors in different stages and level of diagnosis and treatment in different regions of our country, and there are some differences in the data records of different medical centers. Therefore, it is very important to implement the standardized diagnosis and treatment and quality control of gastric cancer, to establish a standardized gastric cancer data-base, and to promote the standardization, homogenization and standardization of the diagnosis and treatment of gastric cancer in the country. As a result, the Expert Committee of Quality Control of Gastric Cancer of the National Cancer Quality Control Center drafts and formulates the Quality Control Index for Standardized Diagnosis and Treatment of Gastric Cancer in China (2022 Edition), in which the quality control index includes the aspects of imaging examination, pathological diagnosis, surgical treatment, drug therapy, radiotherapy and postoperative quality control of gastric cancer. The authors give a thorough elaboration on the lymph node dissection scope, standardization and quality control of postoperative lymph node detection and construction of database of gastric cancer.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 616-627, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930975

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influences of age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) on prognosis of patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 242 gastric cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic radical gastrectomy in 19 hospitals of the Chinese Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study Group-04 study, including 54 patients in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, 32 patients in the First Hospital of Putian City, 32 patients in Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 31 patients in Zhangzhou Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, 17 patients in Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University, 11 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, 8 patients in Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital, 8 patients in Meizhou People′s Hospital, 7 patients in Fujian Provincial Hospital, 6 patients in Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, 6 patients in Longyan First Hospital, 5 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, 5 patients in the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University, 4 patients in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 4 patients in West China Hospital of Sichuan University, 4 patients in Beijing University Cancer Hospital, 3 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 3 patients in Guangdong Provincial People′s Hospital, 2 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University, from September 2016 to October 2017 were collected. There were 193 males and 49 females, aged 62(range, 23?74)years. Observation indicators: (1) age distribution, comorbidities and ACCI status of patients; (2) the grouping of ACCI and comparison of clinicopathological characteristics of patients in each group; (3) incidence of postoperative early complications and analysis of factors affecting postoperative early complications; (4) follow-up; (5) analysis of factors affecting the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of patients. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination or telephone interview to detect postoperative survival of patients up to December 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3) or M(range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the nonparametric rank sum test. The X-Tile software (version 3.6.1) was used to analyze the best ACCI grouping threshold. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rates and draw survival curves. The Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. The Logistic regression model was used to analyze the factors affecting postoperative early complications. The COX proportional hazard model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses of factors affecting the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of patients. Multivariate analysis used stepwise regression to include variables with P<0.05 in univariate analysis and variables clinically closely related to prognosis. Results:(1) Age distribution, comor-bidities and ACCI status of patients. Of the 242 patients, there were 28 cases with age <50 years, 68 cases with age of 50 to 59 years, 113 cases with age of 60 to 69 years, 33 cases with age of 70 to 79 years. There was 1 patient combined with mild liver disease, 1 patient combined with diabetes of end-organ damage, 2 patients combined with peripheral vascular diseases, 2 patients combined with peptic ulcer, 6 patients combined with congestive heart failure, 8 patients combined with chronic pulmonary diseases, 9 patients with diabetes without end-organ damage. The ACCI of 242 patients was 2 (range, 0-4). (2) The grouping of ACCI and comparison of clinicopathological characteristics of patients in each group. Results of X-Tile software analysis showed that ACCI=3 was the best grouping threshold. Of the 242 patients, 194 cases with ACCI <3 were set as the low ACCI group and 48 cases with ACCI ≥3 were set as the high ACCI group, respectively. Age, body mass index, cases with preoperative comorbidities, cases of American Society of Anesthesiologists classification as stage Ⅰ, stage Ⅱ, stage Ⅲ, tumor diameter, cases with tumor histological type as signet ring cell or poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and cases with tumor type as moderately or well differentiated adenocarcinoma, cases with tumor pathological T staging as stage T1, stage T2, stage T3, stage T4, chemotherapy cycles were (58±9)years, (22.6±2.9)kg/m 2, 31, 106, 85, 3, (4.0±1.9)cm, 104, 90, 16, 29, 72, 77, 6(4,6) in the low ACCI group, versus (70±4) years, (21.7±2.7)kg/m 2, 23, 14, 33, 1, (5.4±3.1)cm, 36, 12, 3, 4, 13, 28, 4(2,5) in the high ACCI group, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( t=-14.37, 1.98, χ2=22.64, Z=-3.11, t=-2.91, χ2=7.22, Z=-2.21, -3.61, P<0.05). (3) Incidence of postoperative early complications and analysis of factors affecting postoperative early complications. Of the 242 patients, 33 cases had postoperative early complications, including 20 cases with local complications and 16 cases with systemic complica-tions. Some patients had multiple complications at the same time. Of the 20 patients with local complications, 12 cases had abdominal infection, 7 cases had anastomotic leakage, 2 cases had incision infection, 2 cases had abdominal hemorrhage, 2 cases had anastomotic hemorrhage and 1 case had lymphatic leakage. Of the 16 patients with systemic complications, 11 cases had pulmonary infection, 2 cases had arrhythmias, 2 cases had sepsis, 1 case had liver failure, 1 case had renal failure, 1 case had pulmonary embolism, 1 case had deep vein thrombosis, 1 case had urinary infection and 1 case had urine retention. Of the 33 cases with postoperative early complications, there were 3 cases with grade Ⅰ complications, 22 cases with grade Ⅱ complications, 5 cases with grade Ⅲa complications, 2 cases with grade Ⅲb complications and 1 case with grade Ⅳ complica-tions of Clavien-Dindo classification. Cases with postoperative early complications, cases with local complications, cases with systemic complications were 22, 13, 9 in the low ACCI group, versus 11, 7, 7 in the high ACCI group, respectively. There were significant differences in cases with postoperative early complications and cases with systemic complications between the two groups ( χ2=4.38, 4.66, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in cases with local complications between the two groups ( χ2=2.20, P>0.05). Results of Logistic regression analysis showed that ACCI was a related factor for postoperative early complications of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy [ odds ratio=2.32, 95% confidence interval ( CI) as 1.04-5.21, P<0.05]. (4) Follow-up. All the 242 patients were followed up for 36(range,1?46)months. During the follow-up, 53 patients died and 13 patients survived with tumor. The 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of the 242 patients was 73.5%. The follow-up time, cases died and cases survived with tumor during follow-up, the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate were 36(range, 2-46)months, 29, 10, 80.0% for the low ACCI group, versus 35(range, 1-42)months, 24, 3, 47.4% for the high ACCI group. There was a significant difference in the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate between the two groups ( χ2=30.49, P<0.05). (5) Analysis of factors affecting the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of patients. Results of univariate analysis showed that preoperative comorbidities, ACCI, tumor diameter, histological type, vascular invasion, lymphatic invasion, neural invasion, tumor pathological TNM staging, postoperative early complications were related factors for postoperative 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy [ hazard ratio ( HR)=2.52, 3.64, 2.62, 0.47, 2.87, 1.90, 1.86, 21.77, 1.97, 95% CI as 1.52-4.17, 2.22-5.95, 1.54-4.46, 0.27-0.80, 1.76-4.70, 1.15-3.12, 1.10-3.14, 3.01-157.52, 1.11-3.50, P<0.05]. Results of multivariate analysis showed that ACCI, tumor pathological TNM staging, adjuvant chemotherapy were indepen-dent influencing factors for postoperative 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy ( HR=3.65, 11.00, 40.66, 0.39, 95% CI as 2.21-6.02, 1.40-86.73, 5.41-305.69, 0.22-0.68, P<0.05). Conclusions:ACCI is a related factor for post-operative early complications of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparos-copic radical gastrectomy. ACCI, tumor pathological TNM staging, adjuvant chemotherapy are indepen-dent influencing factors for postoperative 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 362-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930946

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the 10-year outcome and prognostic factors of laparo-scopic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy for locally advanced gastric cancer. Methods:The retrospec-tive cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 652 patients with locally advanced gastric cancer who were admitted to 16 hospitals from the multicenter database of laparoscopic gastric cancer surgery in the Chinese Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study (CLASS) Group, including 214 cases in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University, 191 cases in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, 52 cases in Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University, 49 cases in West China Hospital of Sichuan University, 43 cases in Xijing Hospital of Air Force Medical University, 25 cases in Jiangsu Province Hospital of Chinese Medicine, 14 cases in the First Medical Center of the Chinese PLA General Hospital, 12 cases in No.989 Hospital of PLA, 12 cases in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 10 cases in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, 9 cases in the First People's Hospital of Foshan, 7 cases in Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, 7 cases in Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital, 3 cases in Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, 2 cases in Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 2 cases in Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, from February 2004 to December 2010 were collected. There were 442 males and 210 females, aged (57±12)years. All patients underwent laparoscopic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative pathological examination; (3) postoperative recovery and complications; (4) follow-up; (5) prognostic factors analysis. Follow-up was conducted by outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect the tumor recurrence and metastasis, postoperative survival of patients up to March 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3) or M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers or percen-tages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test. Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the rank sum test. The life table method was used to calculate survival rates and the Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves. Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were analyzed using the COX hazard regression model. Results:(1) Surgical situations: among 652 patients, 617 cases underwent D 2 lymph node dissection and 35 cases underwent D 2+ lymph node dissection. There were 348 cases with Billroth Ⅱ anastomosis, 218 cases with Billroth Ⅰ anastomosis, 25 cases with Roux-en-Y anastomosis and 61 cases with other digestive tract reconstruction methods. Twelve patients had combined visceral resection. There were 569 patients with intraoperative blood transfusion and 83 cases without blood transfusion. The operation time of 652 patients was 187(155,240)minutes and volume of intraoperative blood loss was 100(50,150)mL. (2) Postoperative pathological examina-tion: the maximum diameter of tumor was (4.5±2.0)cm of 652 patients. The number of lymph node dissected of 652 patients was 26(19,35), in which the number of lymph node dissected was >15 of 570 cases and ≤15 of 82 cases. The number of metastatic lymph node was 4(1,9). The proximal tumor margin was (4.8±1.6)cm and the distal tumor margin was (4.5±1.5)cm. Among 652 patients, 255 cases were classified as Borrmann type Ⅰ-Ⅱ, 334 cases were classified as Borrmann type Ⅲ-Ⅳ, and 63 cases had missing Borrmann classification data. The degree of tumor differentiation was high or medium in 171 cases, low or undifferentiated in 430 cases, and the tumor differentiation data was missing in 51 cases. There were 123, 253 and 276 cases in pathological stage T2, T3 and T4a, respectively. There were 116, 131, 214 and 191 cases in pathological stage N0, N1, N2 and N3, respectively. There were 260 and 392 cases in pathological TNM stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ, respectively. (3) Postoperative recovery and complications: the time to postoperative first out-of-bed activities, time to postoperative first flatus, time to the initial liquid food intake, duration of postoperative hospital stay of 652 patients were 3(2,4)days, 4(3,5)days, 5(4,6)days, 10(9,13)days, respectively. Among 652 patients, 69 cases had postoperative complications. Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ, grade Ⅲa, grade Ⅲb, and grade Ⅳa complications occurred in 60, 3, 5 and 1 cases, respectively (some patients could have multiple complications). The duodenal stump leakage was the most common surgical complication, with the incidence of 3.07%(20/652). Respiratory complication was the most common systemic complication, with the incidence of 2.91%(19/652). All the 69 patients were recovered and discharged successfully after treatment. (4) Follow-up: 652 patients were followed up for 110-193 months, with a median follow-up time of 124 months. There were 298 cases with postoperative recurrence and metastasis. Of the 255 patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis ≤5 years, there were 21 cases with distant metastasis, 69 cases with peritoneal metastasis, 37 cases with local recurrence, 52 cases with multiple recurrence and metastasis, 76 cases with recurrence and metastasis at other locations. The above indicators were 5, 9, 10, 4, 15 of the 43 patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis >5 years. There was no significant difference in the type of recurrence and metastasis between them ( χ2=5.52, P>0.05). Cases in pathological TNM stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ were 62 and 193 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis ≤5 years, versus 23 and 20 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis >5 years, showing a significant difference in pathological TNM staging between them ( χ2=15.36, P<0.05). Cases in pathological stage T2, T3, T4a were 42, 95, 118 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis ≤5 years, versus 9, 21, 13 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis >5 years, showing no significant difference in pathological T staging between them ( Z=-1.80, P>0.05). Further analysis showed no significant difference in cases in pathological stage T2 or T3 ( χ2=0.52, 2.08, P>0.05) but a significant difference in cases in pathological stage T4a between them ( χ2=3.84, P<0.05). Cases in pathological stage N0, N1, N2, N3 were 19, 44, 85, 107 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis ≤5 years, versus 12, 5, 18, 8 of the patients with the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis >5 years, showing a significant difference in pathological N staging between them ( Z=-3.34, P<0.05). Further analysis showed significant differences in cases in pathological stage N0 and N3 ( χ2=16.52, 8.47, P<0.05) but no significant difference in cases in pathological stage N1 or N2 ( χ2=0.85, 1.18, P>0.05). The median overall survival time was 81 months after surgery and 10-year overall survival rate was 46.1% of 652 patients. The 10-year overall survival rates of patients in TNM stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ were 59.6% and 37.5%, respectively, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=35.29, P<0.05). In further analysis, the 10-year overall survival rates of patients in pathological TNM stage ⅡA, ⅡB, ⅢA, ⅢB and ⅢC were 65.6%, 55.8%, 46.9%, 37.1% and 24.0%, respectively, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=55.06, P<0.05). The 10-year overall survival rates of patients in patholo-gical stage T2, T3 and T4a were 55.2%, 46.5% and 41.5%, respectively, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=8.39, P<0.05). The 10-year overall survival rates of patients in patholo-gical stage N0, N1, N2 and N3 were 63.7%, 56.2%, 48.5% and 26.4%, respectively, showing a signifi-cant difference between them ( χ2=54.89, P<0.05). (5) Prognostic factors analysis: results of univariate analysis showed that age, maximum diameter of tumor, degree of tumor differentiation as low or undifferentiated, pathological TNM staging, pathological T staging, pathological stage N2 or N3, post-operative chemotherapy were related factors for the 10-year overall survival rate of locally advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy ( hazard ratio=1.45, 1.64, 1.37, 2.05, 1.30, 1.68, 3.08, 0.56, 95% confidence interval as 1.15-1.84, 1.32-2.03, 1.05-1.77, 1.62-2.59, 1.05-1.61, 1.17-2.42, 2.15-4.41, 0.44-0.70, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that maximum diameter of tumor >4 cm, low-differentiated or undifferentiated tumor, pathological TNM stage Ⅲ were independent risk factors for the 10-year overall survival rate of locally advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy ( hazard ratio=1.48,1.44, 1.81, 95% confidence interval as 1.19-1.84, 1.11-1.88, 1.42-2.30, P<0.05) and postoperative chemotherapy was a independent protective factor for the 10-year overall survi-val rate of locally advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic D 2 radical distal gastrec-tomy ( hazard ratio=0.57, 95% confidence interval as 045-0.73, P<0.05). Conclusions:Laparoscopic assisted D 2 radical distal gastrectomy for locally advanced gastric cancer has satisfactory 10-year oncologic outcomes. A high proportion of patients in pathological TNM stage Ⅲ, pathological stage T4a, pathological stage N3 have the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis ≤5 years, whereas a high proportion of patients in pathological TNM stage Ⅱ or pathological stage N0 have the time to postoperative recurrence and metastasis >5 years. Maximum diameter of tumor >4 cm, low-differentiated or undifferentiated tumor, pathological TNM stage Ⅲ are independent risk factors for the 10-year overall survival rate of locally advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing laparos-copic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy. Postoperative chemotherapy is a independent protective factor for the 10-year overall survival rate of locally advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing laparos-copic D 2 radical distal gastrectomy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 323-326, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930940

ABSTRACT

Registration of postoperative complications for surgical oncology including gastrointestinal cancer has received increasing attention with persistent researches on gastrointes-tinal tumor in China. The popularization of standardized gastric surgery and introduction of new technologies and concepts, including minimally invasive surgery, enhanced recovery after surgery, and neoadjuvant therapy, have promoted the conduction of clinical studies, e.g. the Chinese Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study Group series studies, on their safety, and further standardized the diagnosis and registration of postoperative complications as short-term study endpoints. Since then, for diagnosis and registration of complications in gastrointestinal surgery in China, the basis has evolved from clinical experience to clinical research. Since 2015, platforms such as China Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgical Union have been established to further promote the recording of real-world clinical data in more centers across the whole country. In recent years, the expert consensus on the diagnosis and registration of complications has been published sub-sequently and the prospective multicenter real-world complication registration study has been carried out. All of these efforts will facilitate medical centers especially the primary medical centers into the era of standardized diagnosis and registration of complications on a real-world basis.The authors review the standardized diagnosis and registration of surgical complications for gastrointes-tinal cancer in China, aiming to provide references to standardization of clinical practice of gastro-intestinal surgery.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 34-38, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930904

ABSTRACT

Surgery is the cornerstone of gastric cancer treatment. Surgical treatment of gastric cancer has shown new trends in the context of precision surgery. From standardized D 2 radical surgery to function-saving surgery, minimally invasive surgery and enhanced recovery after surgery, the controlling of surgical trauma and improving life quality of patients are getting more and more attention under the premise of ensuring radical cure. At the same time, the comprehensive treatment including immunotherapy has broadened the boundaries of gastric cancer surgery. Combined with the relevant data at home and abroad, the authors elaborate the new trends in surgical treatment of gastric cancer oriented by stage of gastric cancer, in order to provide new ideas for clinical work.

7.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1064-1071, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957566

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the potential mechanism of Shenfu injection in regulating stress response via the neuro-endocrine-immune system by network pharmacology and molecular docking. Methods:The main active ingredients and related targets of Shenfu injection were screened using the Traditional Chinese Medicine System Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform.PharmMapper, Swiss Target Prediction platform and Uniprot database were used to predict the target and unify the gene names.GeneCards, OMIM, TTD, CTD, Drugbank, Disgenet and Pharmgkb databases were searched to screen the related targets regulated by stress responses.Venny 2.1 tool was used to obtain the potential effect targets of the intersection between Shenfu injection and stress response regulation, and the STRING database was imported to construct the interaction PPI network and screen the key targets.Potential effect targets were uploaded to Metascape database online analysis for study on the mechanism through GO and KEGG enrichment analysis.Autoduck and Pymol were used for molecular docking and visualization.Results:Forty-three main active ingredients and 257 related targets for Shenfu injection were obtained by component screening and target prediction.A total of 4 811 targets related to stress response regulation were retrieved from the database, 188 potential effect targets were obtained by intersection with Shenfu injection component-related targets, and 14 key targets were obtained by PPI network screening.Eighteen samples were screened by GO enrichment analysis, which mainly involved the circulatory system and humoral regulation, responses to external stimuli and trauma, MAPK cascade reaction, postsynaptic membrane, receptor complex and ion channel complex and neurotransmitter receptor activity, etc.KEGG enrichment analysis showed 20 highly correlated pathways, mainly covering neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, calcium signaling pathway, adrenergic signaling, steroid hormone biosynthesis, IL-17, TNF, MAPK, cGMP-PKG, PI3K-Akt, NF-κB, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway and cell apoptosis, etc.The results of molecular docking indicated that the main active components had good binding force with the key target.Conclusions:The components of Shenfu injection such as kaempferol, β-sitosterol, Demethyldelavaine, Stigmasterol, ginsenoside, Carnosifloside, hypaconitine may act on targets such as AKT1, TNF, IL1B, PTGS2, HSP90AA1, MAPK1, NFKBIA, NR3C1 and ADRB2 and regulate the stress response through the mechanisms such as regulation of the functional state of the neuro-endocrino-immune system, inhibition of inflammatory responses, anti-oxidative stress and reduction of cell apoptosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 15-20, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885960

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the external factors of the development of cancer hospitals under normalized epidemic prevention and control, and to propose targeted strategies in accordance with existing practice.Methods:PEST model was used to analyze the political, economic, social and technological environment of specialized cancer hospitals, with an overall strategy proposed based on the specific analysis of a cancer hospital.Results:In the era of normalized epidemic prevention and control, cancer hospitals were facing a new environment that was common or unique to other types of medical institutions. In response, the case hospital had adopted such strategies as integrating prevention and control with medical services, integrating offline with online services, and integrating internal and external resources to promote its recovery and development.Conclusions:Cancer hospitals and government should fully leverage the environmental changes incurred by the normalization of prevention and control, and formulate a more integrated development strategy covering short, medium up to long term conditions, based on the two major objectives of epidemic prevention and control and cancer prevention and medical services.

9.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 784-794, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889746

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of the present study was to compare the difference between double tract reconstruction and esophagogastrostomy. @*Materials and Methods@#Patients who underwent radical proximal gastrectomy with esophagogastrostomy or double tract reconstruction were included in this study. @*Results@#Sixty-four patients were included in this study and divided into two groups according to reconstruction method. The two groups were well balanced in perioperative safety and 3-year overall survival (OS). The rates of postoperative reflux esophagitis in the double tract reconstruction group and esophagogastrostomy group were 8.0% and 30.8%, respectively (p=0.032). Patients in the double tract reconstruction group had a better global health status (p < 0.001) and emotional functioning (p < 0.001), and complained less about nausea and vomiting (p < 0.001), pain (p=0.039), insomnia (p=0.003), and appetite loss (p < 0.001) based on the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 questionnaire. Regarding the EORTC QLQ-STO22 questionnaire, patients in the double tract reconstruction group complained less about dysphagia (p=0.030), pain (p=0.008), reflux (p < 0.001), eating (p < 0.001), anxiety (p < 0.001), dry mouth (p=0.007), and taste (p=0.001). The multiple linear regression analysis showed that reconstruction method, postoperative complications, reflux esophagitis, and operation duration had a linear relationship with the global health status score. @*Conclusion@#Double tract reconstruction could better prevent reflux esophagitis and improve quality of life without scarifying perioperative safety or 3-year OS.

10.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 784-794, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897450

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of the present study was to compare the difference between double tract reconstruction and esophagogastrostomy. @*Materials and Methods@#Patients who underwent radical proximal gastrectomy with esophagogastrostomy or double tract reconstruction were included in this study. @*Results@#Sixty-four patients were included in this study and divided into two groups according to reconstruction method. The two groups were well balanced in perioperative safety and 3-year overall survival (OS). The rates of postoperative reflux esophagitis in the double tract reconstruction group and esophagogastrostomy group were 8.0% and 30.8%, respectively (p=0.032). Patients in the double tract reconstruction group had a better global health status (p < 0.001) and emotional functioning (p < 0.001), and complained less about nausea and vomiting (p < 0.001), pain (p=0.039), insomnia (p=0.003), and appetite loss (p < 0.001) based on the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 questionnaire. Regarding the EORTC QLQ-STO22 questionnaire, patients in the double tract reconstruction group complained less about dysphagia (p=0.030), pain (p=0.008), reflux (p < 0.001), eating (p < 0.001), anxiety (p < 0.001), dry mouth (p=0.007), and taste (p=0.001). The multiple linear regression analysis showed that reconstruction method, postoperative complications, reflux esophagitis, and operation duration had a linear relationship with the global health status score. @*Conclusion@#Double tract reconstruction could better prevent reflux esophagitis and improve quality of life without scarifying perioperative safety or 3-year OS.

11.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 148-161, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874361

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Gastric cancer (GC) has substantial biological differences between Asian and non-Asian populations, which makes it difficult to have a unified predictive measure for all people. We aimed to identify novel prognostic biomarkers to help predict the prognosis of Asian GC patients. @*Materials and Methods@#We investigated the differential gene expression between GC and normal tissues of GSE66229. Univariate, multivariate and Lasso Cox regression analyses were conducted to establish a four-gene-related prognostic model based on the risk score. The risk score was based on a linear combination of the expression levels of individual genes multiplied by their multivariate Cox regression coefficients. Validation of the prognostic model was conducted using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. A nomogram containing clinical characteristics and the prognostic model was established to predict the prognosis of Asian GC patients. @*Results@#Four genes (RBPMS2, RGN, PLEKHS1, and CT83) were selected to establish the prognostic model, and it was validated in the TCGA Asian cohort. Receiver operating characteristic analysis confirmed the sensitivity and specificity of the prognostic model. Based on the prognostic model, a nomogram containing clinical characteristics and the prognostic model was established, and Harrell’s concordance index of the nomogram for evaluating the overall survival significantly higher than the model only focuses on the pathologic stage (0.74 vs. 0.64, p < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#The four-gene-related prognostic model and the nomogram based on it are reliable tools for predicting the overall survival of Asian GC patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 643-648, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872331

ABSTRACT

Value-based healthcare emphasizes the importance of taking patients′ needs and experiences into full consideration during the entire diagnosis and treatment process and providing patient-centered medical services, so as to improve population health and medical outcomes with manageable medical costs.From this perspective, it is particularly important to investigate how patients could take full advantage of their subjective value and central role to engage in healthcare-related activities. This article aims to summarize the concepts and specific pathways relevant to patient engagement in the entire healthcare process, and provide specific suggestions and recommendations on promoting participation in health self-monitoring, access to disease and consultation information, shared decision-making(SDM)between doctors and patients, patients for patient safety(PFPS), patient-reported outcomes(PROs), participation in self-management, and participation in patient organizations, etc. This article provided valuable reference and evidence on implementation of relevant medical practices and policies.

13.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 941-945, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865149

ABSTRACT

The digestive tract reconstruction after laparoscopic total gastrectomy has always been a hotspot but a difficult subject as well in gastric cancer surgery. The clinical technical characteristics and advantages of different digestive tract reconstruction methods by using linear stapler, circular stapler or hand-sewn anastomosis in laparoscopic surgery have formed consensuses. However, there is still insufficient clinical evidence for the safety evaluation of different digestive tract reconstruction methods. Combined with current clinical research progress and their clinical practice, the authors summarize and investigate the status and methods of safety evaluation of common digestive tract reconstruction after laparoscopic total gastrectomy.

14.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 239-243, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865049

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of Corona Virus Disease 2019 occurred in December 2019, the reduction of population mobility has curbed the spread of the epidemic to some extent but also prolonged the waiting time for the treatment of patients with gastric cancer. Based on fully understanding the different staging characteristics of gastric cancer, clinical departments should develop reasonable out-of-hospital management strategies. On one hand, reasonable communication channels should be established to allow patients to receive adequate guidance out of the hospital. On the other hand, shared decisions with patients should be made to adjust treatment strategies, and education on viral prevention should be implemented to minimize the impact of the epidemic on tumor treatment.

15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 152-157, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799567

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the accuracy of the clinical staging by comparing preoperative clinical stage and pathological stage in gastric cancer patients, and to explore the potential beneficial population of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer.@*Methods@#We retrospectively collected the clinical data of consecutive patients with gastric cancer who met the inclusion criteria (gastric adenocarcinoma, undergoing laparoscopic or open D2 radical operation, definite cTNM and pTNM) for admission of the Gastrointestinal Center of Peking University Cancer Hospital from July 2013 to April 2019. Patients with the number of harvested lymph nodes less than 16, history of gastric operation or preoperative radiochemotherapy were excluded. Preoperative clinical stage was obtained from abdominal and pelvic enhanced CT by radiologists, and postoperative pathological stage was derived from postoperative pathology reports. The concordance rate between preoperative clinical stage and postoperative pathological stage, and the proportion of pathological stage I in patients with specific preoperative clinical TNM stage were analyzed and compared. The potential beneficial population of neoadjuvant chemotherapy were considered as pI < 5%. Relationship between clinical features and concordance rate of stage was further analysed.@*Results@#A total of 459 patients were included in the analysis, including 321 males and 138 females with mean age of 60 (23 to 85) years old. The concordance rate from T1 to T4 between preoperative clinical T staging and postoperative pathological T staging was 82.5% (33/40), 31.1% (28/90), 34.4% (62/180), and 55.0% (96/149), respectively. The concordance rate from N0 to N3 between preoperative clinical N staging and postoperative pathological N staging was 58.8% (134/228), 22.1% (19/86), 23.6% (26/110), and 54.3% (19/35), respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of abdominal enhanced CT in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis were 64.5% (171/265) and 69.1% (134/194) respectively. The clinical stage of cT3/T4 patients with pathological stage I was 9.1% (30/329), and the sensitivity of corresponding pathological stage III was 94.8% (164/173), while the cT3/4+cN1-3 patients with pathological stage I stage was 1.4% (3/218), and the sensitivity of corresponding pathological phase III was 76.9% (133/173). Tumor location was associated with the concordance of cT/pT staging [gastroesophageal junction: 64 (56.6%), upper stomach: 9 (9/17), middle stomach: 31 (40.3%), lower stomach: 97 (39.9%), whole stomach: 4(4/9), χ2=9.845, P=0.043]; the degree of tumor differentiation was associated with the concordance of cN/pN staging [poorly differentiated: 94 (42.3%), moderated differentiated: 92 (41.1%), well differentiated: 12 (12/13), χ2=13.261, P=0.001], whose differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Based on a single-center retrospective data from Peking University Cancer Hospital, we think that the potential beneficial population of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer are those clinically staged as cT3/4+N1-3.

16.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 26-32, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799044

ABSTRACT

Since the China Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgery Union was established, it has continuously collected the annual reports of 95 gastrointestinal surgery centers nationwide from 2014 to 2017, and collected data on more than 130 000 cases of gastric cancer. This article combines the experience of associated databases at home and abroad to analyze the construction of the China Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgery Union Database, and explore the role of multi-center cooperation and big data analysis in the promotion of gastrointestinal surgery. For a complete database to successfully achieve its ultimate goal, it needs clear goals, continuous funding, a qualified management team, consensus on data content, a high completion rate, and the support and cooperation of an advanced processing system. As a high-quality database with clear construction goals and database project construction based on the goals, while promoting the level of clinical diagnosis and treatment, it is also widely used in risk prediction model development, audit supervision, epidemiological research, health service research, and clinical hypothesis testing, etc. How to build a high-quality database to give a full promotion in clinical diagnosis and treatment is a huge challenge. Although the construction of medical databases in China has just started, we believe that with the further improvement in understanding, management and analysis capabilities for surgical databases, more databases including the China Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgery Union Database will make greater contributions in promoting the development of diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal cancer in China and the world.

17.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 729-735, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810848

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the feasibility of assessing complications registration through medical information.@*Methods@#A descriptive case series study was performed to retrospectively collect medical information and complication registration information of gastric cancer patients at Department of Gastrointestinal Cancer Center Ward I, Peking University Cancer Hospital from November 1, 2016 to March 1, 2017 (the first period), and from November 1, 2018 to March 1, 2019 (the second period). Case inclusion criteria: (1) adenocarcinoma confirmed by gastroscopy and biopsy; (2) patients undergoing open surgery or laparoscopic radical gastrectomy; (3) complete postoperative medical information and complication information. Patients who were directly transferred to ICU after surgery and underwent emergency surgery were excluded. Because difference of the complication registration procedure at our department existed before and after 2018, so the above two periods were selected to be used for analysis on enrolled patients. The prescription information during hospitalization, including nursing, medication, laboratory examination, transference, surgical advice, etc. were compared with the current Standard Operating Procedure (SOP, including preoperative routine examinations, inspection, perioperative preventive antibiotic use, postoperative observational tests, inspection, routine nutritional support, prophylactic anticoagulation, and prophylactic inhibition of pancreatic enzymes, etc.) for gastric cancer at our department. Medical order beyond SOP was defined as medical order variation. Postoperative complication was diagnosed using the Clavien-Dindo classification criteria, which was divided into I, II, IIIa, IIIb, IVa, IVb, and V. Medical order variation and complication registration information were compared between the two periods, including consistence between medical order variation and complication registration, missing report, underestimation or overestimation of medical order variation, and registration rate of medical order variation [registration rate = (total number of patients–number of missing report patients)/total number of patients], severe complications (Clavien-Dindo classification ≥ III), medical order variation deviating from SOP and the corresponding inferred grading of complication. The data was organized using Microsoft Office Excel 2010.@*Results@#A total of 177 gastric cancer patients were included in the analysis. The first period group and the second period group comprised 89 and 88 cases, respectively. The registrated complication rate was 23.6% (21/89) and 36.4% (32/88), and the incidence of severe complication was 2.2% (2/89) and 4.5% (4/88) in the first and the second period, respectively. The complication rate inferred from medical order variation was 74.2% (66/89) and 78.4% (69/88), and the incidence of severe complication was 7.9% (7/89) and 4.5% (4/88) in the first and second period, respectively. In the first and second period, the proportions of medical order variation in accordance with registered complication were 36.0% and 45.5% respectively; the proportion of underestimation, overestimation and missing report were 5.6% and 4.5%, 4.5% and 4.5%, 53.9% and 45.5%, respectively; the registration rate of medical order variation was 46.1% and 54.5%; the number of case with grade I complications inferred from medical order variation was 34 (38.2%) and 25 (28.4%), respectively; and the number of grade II was 12 (13.5%) and 15 cases (17.0%), respectively. The reason of the missing report of medical order variation corresponding to grade I complication was mainly the single use of analgesic drugs outside SOP, accounting for 76.5% (26/34) and 64.0% (16/25) in the first and second period respectively, and that corresponding to grade II complication was mainly the use of non-prophylactic antibiotics, accounting for 9/12 cases and 5/15 cases, respectively.@*Conclusions@#Medical information can evaluate the morbidity of complication feasibly and effectively. Attention should be paid to routine registration to avoid specific missing report.

18.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 869-875, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797962

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the characteristics of abdominal-pelvic unplanned reoperation (URO) in a cancer hospital.@*Methods@#Retrospectively descriptive cohort research was adopted. The classification of diseases was based on ICD-10, and surgical classification was based on ICD-9-CM-3. Medical record summary database from 2008 to 2018 in Beijing Cancer Hospital was collected, and all URO information of abdominal-pelvic surgery was retrieve. The time of URO, disease type, surgery type and cause were statistically analyzed. Distribution of main disease incidence and constituent ratio, and the application of major surgery and surgery type composition ratio were analyzed as well.@*Results@#From 2008 to 2018, a total of 46854 cases underwent abdominal-pelvic surgery (including gastrointestinal, hepatic-biliary-pancreatic, gynecological, urological, or esophageal cancer surgery) and 713 patients received URO (1.52%), including 486 males and 227 females (2.14:1.00) with a mean age of (58.1±12.2) years. A total of 246 patients (34.50%) had comorbidity, and with comorbidity: without comorbidity was 1.13:1.00. The hospital stay was (44.5±43.0) days, and the total cost was (178000±112000) yuan. There were 22 deaths (3.09%). The median interval between URO and the first operation was 8 (0 to 131) days. The highest rate of URO was 2.45% (89/3629) in 2012, while the lowest was 0.95% (53/5596) in 2015. The top 3 major cancer types of URO included colorectal cancer (222 cases, 31.14%), gastric cancer (166 cases, 23.28%) and esophageal cancer (45 cases, 6.31%). The cancer types with the highest URO rate included pancreatic cancer (3.97%, 30/756), gastric cancer (1.81%, 166/9171) and colorectal cancer (1.80%, 222/12333). The top 3 surgical procedures resulting in URO were rectal resection (109 cases, 15.29%), total gastrectomy (79 cases, 11.08%), and total pancreatectomy (64 cases, 8.98%). Focusing on 497 URO cases from 2012 to 2018, 465 cases (93.56%) followed relatively difficult grade III and IV surgery, while only 32 cases (6.44%) followed grade I and II surgery. The top 5 main causes of URO were bleeding (225 cases, 31.56%), anastomotic leak (225 cases, 31.56%), infection (89 cases, 12.48%), intestinal obstruction (53 cases, 7.43%), and wound dehiscence (35 cases, 4.91%), adding up to a total of 87.94% of all URO.@*Conclusion@#This study summarizes the epidemiology of abdominal - pelvic URO in our cancer institution, providing the solid baseline for future investigation of URO and the subsequent formulation of corresponding prevention and intervention measures.

19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 913-915, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796940

ABSTRACT

A multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial of laparoscopic gastrectomy for locally advanced distal gastric cancer (CLASS - 01 trial, ClinicalTrials.gov registration number NCT01609309) confirmed that experienced surgeons could safely performed laparoscopic D2 distal gastrectomy for patients with locally advanced gastric cancer, with minimally invasive benefits and non-inferior oncological efficacy. This provides strong evidence of the treatment of locally advanced gastric cancer via laparoscopic approach, comparable to open surgery. In September 2019, "Standard Operation Procedure of Laparoscopic D2 Distal Gastrectomy for Locally Advanced Gastric Cancer: Consensus on CLASS-01 trial" was published in the Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, which was highly evaluated by Chinese and overseas experts. Under the situation of wide application of minimally invasive surgery, the CLASS group published a 10-year scientific research summary and released the "Standard Operation Procedure", which has landmark significance and has become the recognized Chinese standard of laparoscopic surgery for the treatment of gastric cancer world wide. This will guide the scientific development of laparoscopic gastric cancer surgery in China, avoiding abuse or inappropriate use of minimally invasive techniques, while ensuring the rational use with fully benefits to the patients with gastric cancer.

20.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 229-234, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743963

ABSTRACT

The postoperative complications in patients with gastric or colorectal cancer has been common but seriously affecting patients' recovery and even their life safety.According to the database of China Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgery Union,abdominal infectious complications are the main causes of secondary surgery and postoperative death,which deserve clinical attention.However,the incidence rate of postoperative abdominal infection varies widely from center to center.Due to the lack of nationwide data,it is unable to determine the incidence of abdominal infectious complications reasonably and formulate the corresponding strategies of evidence-based diagnosis and treatment.Therefore,this multi-center prospective cohort study,i.e.prediction of abdominal complication after gastroenterological surgery (PACAGE),aims to investigate the incidence,classification and outcomes of postoperative abdominal infection in patients with gastric or colorectal cancer,to implement the standardization of the complication registration,and to provide necessary data for improving surgical safety,preventing abdominal infection and decreasing the rate of postoperative complications in the future.

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