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1.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 342-347, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965851

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the clinical efficacy of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic spine system (TESSYS) in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) complicated with nerve root canal stenosis. MethodsA retrospective study was done on 40 LDH patients complicated with nerve root canal stenosis who underwent TESSYS in our hospital from April 2019 to April 2021. The clinical efficacy of the patients was evaluated by the modified Mac Nab criteria 12 months after the surgery. We also measured and analyzed the scores of visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and Japanese orthopaedic association (JOA), the changes of structural parameters of lumbar spine and inflammatory factor levels preoperatively, 6 and 12 months after the surgery. ResultsAll the 40 cases successfully underwent the surgery and follow-ups, with a 12-month post-operative clinical excellent and good rate of 90%. The preoperative, 6-month and 12-month post-operative VAS scores were (7.38±2.06), (2.36±0.87) and (1.62±0.82), respectively. The respective ODI scores were (55.54±11.19), (26.52±7.61) and (18.14±4.36); JOA scores (13.93±2.10), (20.26±1.35) and (22.34±1.88). The post-operative scores of VAS, ODI and JOA were significantly improved compared with those before the surgery (P<0.05). The preoperative and post-operative lumbosacral angles were (37.23±6.84)° and (27.37±4.31)°, respectively, with the respective lumbar curvatures of (13.48±3.06) mm and (22.36±4.51) mm. The post-operative lumbosacral angle and lumbar curvature were significantly improved compared with those before the surgery (P<0.05). The preoperative and post-operative high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels were (3.43±0.61) mg/L and (5.18±0.70) mg/L, respectively, with the respective tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) levels of (1.44±0.27) mg/L and (2.07±0.44) mg/L. The post-operative levels of hs-CRP and TNF-α were significantly higher than those before the surgery (P<0.05). ConclusionIn the treatment of LDH complicated with nerve root canal stenosis, TESSYS achieves a good clinical effect, improves the structure and function of the lumbar spine, reduces the degree of lumbar spine pain, and has a mild post-operative inflammatory reaction.

2.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 107-114, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965309

ABSTRACT

@#To investigate the pharmacodynamic effects and mechanism of Zhuling Jianpi capsule(Zhuling) on 2,4, 6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced experimental colitis in rats.The experimental colitis model was established by enema with 2.5% TNBS.The rats were randomly divided into normal group,model group,Changyanning (180 mg/kg) group and Zhuling low-dose (40 mg/kg) group and Zhuling high-dose (120 mg/kg) group.After modeling,the rats were executed after 7 days of drug treatment.During this period,the disease activity status of the rats was observed,and the body weights of the rats were recorded daily.At the end of the experiment,the colonic tissues were obtained for the analysis of the expression of hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining.The myeloperoxidase (MPO) enzyme activity,mRNA expression levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-1β, IFN-γ, IL-10) were determined, and the levels of intestinal tight junction proteins and serum inflammatory factor levels were measured.The results showed that compared with model group, the administration of Zhuling significantly alleviated the weight loss and elevated the disease activity index (DAI) caused by TNBS, relieved the shortening, edema and pathological damage of colonic tissue, reduced inflammatory cell infiltration, destruction of crypt and loss of goblet cells, decreased the MPO enzyme activity of colonic tissue, iNOS and pro-inflammatory cytokines in colon, increased the levels of colonic tight junction protein (occludin, ZO-1), and decreased serum levels of inflammatory factors (IL-6,IL-1β).The results suggest that Zhuling administration ameliorates TNBS-induced experimental colitis in rats by decreasing the level of inflammatory factors and increasing the expression of intestinal tight junction proteins.This experiment could provide a theoretical basis for the clinical application of Zhuling.

3.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 73-76, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965187

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the quality status of salt iodine monitoring results at the county level and checking results at the city level from 2017 to 2021 in Suzhou,and to provide a scientific basis for the development of iodine deficiency disease(IDD)prevention and control strategies and measures.  Methods During the past five years, Suzhou CDC randomly selected 15 samples of 300 monitored salt samples from each county/district CDC each year for spot checks. The data were processed by comparative analysis of relative error and grouped data t test.  Results In the conformity of iodized salt and non-iodized salt, the sample monitoring results of some counties/districts were non-iodized salt, while the city-level test results were iodized salt. In the conformity of iodized salt and seaweed iodized salt (or enhanced salt), the sample monitoring results of county/district level were iodized salt, while the test results at the city level were seaweed iodized salt (or enhanced salt). The non-conformity was relatively concentrated in some county/district laboratories, and the total amount of non-conformity tended to increase year by year. The total number of samples with relative error of >20% between the county/district and city-level results was the least in 2021, with 6, and the most in 2018, with 25. The number of samples with relative error of >30% between the county/district and city-level results was the least in 2017 being 0, while there were 12 samples in 2018, fluctuating within a small range in the past three years. The t-test results of grouped data showed that the average value of the checking results at the city level was generally higher than the monitoring results at the county level. There were 21 pairs of data with no statistical significance (P>0.05) and 29 pairs of data with statistical significance (P<0.05) between the results at the county/district level and at the city level. Among them, there were 7 counties/districts whose sample monitoring results were not significantly different from the city-level test results in 2020, while there were 9 counties/districts whose monitoring results were statistically different from the city-level test results in 2021.  Conclusion  The data analysis results show that the monitoring data of iodized salt in Suzhou is basically reliable and accurate, but there still exist some problems. Therefore, in the future work it is necessary to strengthen the monitoring system of IDD, increase training efforts, continuously monitor and check the quality of iodized salt to provide a scientific basis for effective prevention and control of IDD.

4.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 3-3, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971594

ABSTRACT

Bacteremia induced by periodontal infection is an important factor for periodontitis to threaten general health. P. gingivalis DNA/virulence factors have been found in the brain tissues from patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is essential for keeping toxic substances from entering brain tissues. However, the effect of P. gingivalis bacteremia on BBB permeability and its underlying mechanism remains unclear. In the present study, rats were injected by tail vein with P. gingivalis three times a week for eight weeks to induce bacteremia. An in vitro BBB model infected with P. gingivalis was also established. We found that the infiltration of Evans blue dye and Albumin protein deposition in the rat brain tissues were increased in the rat brain tissues with P. gingivalis bacteremia and P. gingivalis could pass through the in vitro BBB model. Caveolae were detected after P. gingivalis infection in BMECs both in vivo and in vitro. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) expression was enhanced after P. gingivalis infection. Downregulation of Cav-1 rescued P. gingivalis-enhanced BMECs permeability. We further found P. gingivalis-gingipain could be colocalized with Cav-1 and the strong hydrogen bonding between Cav-1 and arg-specific-gingipain (RgpA) were detected. Moreover, P. gingivalis significantly inhibited the major facilitator superfamily domain containing 2a (Mfsd2a) expression. Mfsd2a overexpression reversed P. gingivalis-increased BMECs permeability and Cav-1 expression. These results revealed that Mfsd2a/Cav-1 mediated transcytosis is a key pathway governing BBB BMECs permeability induced by P. gingivalis, which may contribute to P. gingivalis/virulence factors entrance and the subsequent neurological impairments.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Bacteremia/metabolism , Blood-Brain Barrier/microbiology , Caveolin 1/metabolism , Gingipain Cysteine Endopeptidases/metabolism , Permeability , Porphyromonas gingivalis/pathogenicity , Transcytosis , Virulence Factors/metabolism
5.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 130-142, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971475

ABSTRACT

Polymyxin B, which is a last-line antibiotic for extensively drug-resistant Gram-negative bacterial infections, became available in China in Dec. 2017. As dose adjustments are based solely on clinical experience of risk toxicity, treatment failure, and emergence of resistance, there is an urgent clinical need to perform therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) to optimize the use of polymyxin B. It is thus necessary to standardize operating procedures to ensure the accuracy of TDM and provide evidence for their rational use. We report a consensus on TDM guidelines for polymyxin B, as endorsed by the Infection and Chemotherapy Committee of the Shanghai Medical Association and the Therapeutic Drug Monitoring Committee of the Chinese Pharmacological Society. The consensus panel was composed of clinicians, pharmacists, and microbiologists from different provinces in China and Australia who made recommendations regarding target concentrations, sample collection, reporting, and explanation of TDM results. The guidelines provide the first-ever consensus on conducting TDM of polymyxin B, and are intended to guide optimal clinical use.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , China , Drug Monitoring/methods , Polymyxin B , Practice Guidelines as Topic
6.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 491-497, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986101

ABSTRACT

Oral mucositis (OM) is a common complication during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. When OM occurs, with the destruction of oral mucosal barrier function, the formation of oral bacterial environment is accelerated, which has a negative impact on the life quality and clinical outcomes of patients. OM can be prevented by keeping the oral cavity clean, using the mouthwash properly, and limiting the delivery of cytotoxic drugs to oral tissues. This review describes the research progress on the prevention and local intervention of OM in patients with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, in order to provide ideas for the selection of clinical intervention and management strategies on OM, and to provide references for exploring effective management methods for OM.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1165-1168, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985574

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between adolescent depressive symptoms, childhood psychological trauma and maternal illness during pregnancy, so as to provide scientific busis for the development of adolescent mental health.@*Methods@#A stratified cluster random sampling method was employed to select 2 092 primary and secondary school students in Wuhan City from January to July 2022. Questionnaires were administered to investigate adolescent depressive symptoms, childhood psychological trauma, and maternal illness during pregnancy. The influencing factors of adolescent depression were analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 139 adolescents reported depressive symptoms. The childhood trauma questionnaire (CTQ) score of the depression group was (57.49± 6.85 ), and the score in adolescents without depression group was (46.28±5.96)( t =21.14, P <0.05). Among the maternal diseases during pregnancy, hypertension accounted for 11.51% , diabetes 9.35%, cholestasis 7.19%, hypothyroidism/hyperthyroidism 7.91% , anemia 9.35% and viral hepatitis 3.60% in depression group, 5.79%, 4.71%, 3.64%, 3.07%, 4.30%, 1.18% in the group without depression, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ 2=7.35, 5.87, 4.42, 9.28, 7.49, 5.75, P <0.05). The proportion of academic stress in the depressed group and non-depressed group were 61.15% and 46.34%, respectively, and was statistically significant ( χ 2=16.04, P <0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that gestational hypertension ( OR=5.04, 95%CI =2.07-12.24), diabetes mellitus ( OR=4.49, 95%CI =1.85-10.91), anemia ( OR=3.68, 95%CI =1.51-8.94), high academic stress ( OR=3.52, 95%CI =1.45-8.56) and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire ( OR=4.63, 95%CI = 1.91 -11.26) were the risk factors of depression in adolescents ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Adolescent depression may be due to high academic stress, childhood psychological trauma, maternal hypertension, diabetes, thyroid dysfunction and anemia in pregnancy. It is suggested that relevant departments provide appropriate measures to reduce the risk of adolescent depression.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 786-790, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985562

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship of social support to patients with schizophrenia, family burden with patients' quality of life and family life satisfaction. Methods: Multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling was used to select 358 patients with schizophrenia and 358 patients' family members in Gansu Province who met the inclusion criteria were included. The Social Support Rating Scale, Family Burden Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale and Quality of Life Scale were used in the survey. AMOS 24.0 was used to explore the pathway of influence of family burden on social support to patients with schizophrenia, patients' quality of life and patients' family life satisfaction. Results: There was a two-by-two significant correlation between patients' access to social support, family burden, patients' life quality and family life satisfaction (P<0.05), and the total score of the social support scale negatively predicted the total score of the life quality scale (β=-0.28, P<0.05) and positively predicted the total score of the life satisfaction scale (β=0.52, P<0.05). Family burden was a full mediator between the social support to the patient and the patient's quality of life, and as a partial mediator between the social support to the patient and the family's life satisfaction. Conclusions: Social support to people with schizophrenia is a significant predictor of their quality of life and family life satisfaction. Family burden mediates the relationship of social support to patients with their quality of life and family life satisfaction. Interventions can focus on increasing social support for the patient and reducing the burden on the patient's family to improve the patient's quality of life and increase the satisfaction of the patient's family.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Satisfaction , Quality of Life , Schizophrenia , Family Relations , Social Support
9.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 331-335, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995559

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the efficacy of artificial blood vessel bypass grafting in patients with acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) complicated with lower extremity malperfusion.Methods:From January 2004 to January 2021, a total of 896 patients with ATAAD underwent surgical operations in Nanjing First Hospital, Among which 75 patients with lower extremity malperfusion was retrospectively analyzed.Results:There were 61 males and 14 females with mean age (50.9±11.3) years old. The cardiopulmonary bypass time (CPB) was (181.9±27.0) min, the cross-clamp time was (125.7±25.0)min, and the lower body circulatory arrest time was (20.4±3.1) min. Fifty-five patients had total aortic arch replacement and 20 cases had hemi-arch replacement surgery. Lower extremity arterial perfusion was restored in 48 patients after dissection surgery. Twenty-six patients underwent dissection surgery concurrently with extra-anatomic bypass grafting. The main postoperative complications were: acute kidney injury in 9 cases, delayed extubation (≥72 h) in 10, pulmonary infection in 13, tracheotomy in 6, paralysis in 1, stroke in 2 and lower limb amputation in 3. ICU stay time was (5.8±4.5) days, in-hospital time was (21.4±13.8) days. Nine patients (12%) died in the whole group: pulmonary infection, respiratory failure in 2 cases, multiple organ failure in 3 cases, iliac artery rupture in 1 case, intestinal necrosis in 1 case, severe cerebral infarction in 1 case, and giving-up in 1 case. A total of 66 patients (88%) were successfully discharged. The follow-up time was (55.8±33.4) months. The results of survival analysis showed that the 5-year survival rate was (96.7±4.2)%, and the 10-year survival rate was (56.4±16.3)%.Conclusion:Extra-anatomic bypass grafting is a feasible method to solve ATAAD complicated with lower extremity malperfusion. It is simple and easy to operate, and the long-term effect is satisfactory.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 496-503, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994504

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between allergen reactivity, atopic disease history and clinical features in patients with chronic inducible urticaria (CIndU) .Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on clinical data and follow-up results from 168 patients with CIndU in the Department of Dermatology, Southwest Hospital of Army Medical University from June 2014 to June 2015. Associations were analyzed between allergen reactivity, atopic disease history and clinical characteristics (including patient global assessment [PGA] scores, pruritus intensity, dermatology life quality index [DLQI], proportions of cases with complicated angioedema, natural course, etc.) in patients with different CIndU subtypes. Chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U test and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis were used for statistical analysis. Results:Among the 168 patients with CIndU, 117 were diagnosed with symptomatic dermographism (SD) , 32 with cold contact urticaria (CCU) , 5 with heat contact urticaria (HCU) , and 14 with cholinergic urticaria (CholU) ; there were 46 (39.3%) , 14 (43.8%) , 3, and 9 patients with positive skin prick test (SPT) among the patients with SD, CCU, HCU and CholU respectively, and no significant difference was observed in the positive rate of SPT among patients with different CIndU subtypes ( χ2 = 3.86, P = 0.283) . The SPT-positive CIndU patients showed significantly increased PGA scores, pruritus scores, DLQI scores and proportions of cases with complicated angioedema compared with the SPT-negative patients (all P<0.05) ; the CIndU patients with a personal or family history of atopic diseases also showed significantly increased PGA and DLQI scores compared with those without (both P < 0.05) . For different CIndU subtypes, the pruritus scores, PGA scores, DLQI scores, and proportions of cases with complicated angioedema were significantly higher in the SPT-positive SD patients than in the SPT-negative SD patients (all P < 0.05) ; the DLQI scores were significantly higher in the SPT-positive CholU patients than in the SPT-negative CholU patients ( Z = -2.28, P = 0.019) ; the pruritus scores were significantly higher in the CCU patients with a personal or family history of atopic diseases than in those without ( Z =-2.41, P = 0.022) . Conclusion:The allergen reactivity and atopic disease history of CIndU patients were associated with disease severity, pruritus intensity, quality of life, and the proportion of cases with complicated angioedema, but their relationship with the natural course of CIndU needs to be confirmed by further studies.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 383-384, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994045

ABSTRACT

Multiple primary malignancies (MPMs) are two or more primary malignancies diagnosed in the same patient at the same time or at a specific time and do not represent progression, recurrence or metastasis of the first tumor.MPMs are extremely rare. In this paper, we reported a case of male patient who was diagnosed with invasive uroepithelial carcinoma, rectal adenocarcinoma, clear cell renal cell carcinoma and sarcomatoid carcinoma of the bladder, and open partial cystectomy, laparoscopic radical operation for rectal cancer, laparoscopic partial left nephrectomy, transurethral resection of bladder tumor and laparoscopic radical cystectomy with ureterostomy were performed, respectively.The patient was followed up for 16 months after the last surgery, with good general condition and no recurrence or metastasis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 563-569, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993855

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the regulatory effect of WNT1-inducible signaling pathway protein 2(WISP2)on macrophage polarization in palmitic acid(PA)and lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced inflammation.Methods:The macrophage cell line RAW264.7 was treated with different concentrations of WISP2 protein, and cell viability was determined by means of luminescence assay using Cell-Titer Glo to determine the concentration of WISP2.The cells were divided into control group, palmitic acid group, palmitic acid combined with different concentrations of WISP2 group(10 μg/L and 100 μg/L)and lipopolysaccharide group, lipopolysaccharide combined with different concentrations of WISP2 group(10 μg/L and 100 μg/L). mRNA expression of M1 and M2 macrophages phenotype of each group were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction.The protein expression of important inflammatory factors, TNF-α and IL-6, were evaluated by ELISA.Results:Compared with the control group, both 10 μg/L and 100 μg/L WISP2 groups had no effect on the activity of RAW264.7 cells, but significantly up-regulated the expression of various inflammatory factors, including Tnfα(1.877±0.039, 2.202±0.034, F=309.7, P<0.001), Il6(1.418±0.056, 1.506±0.059, F=81.39, P<0.001), Mcp1(1.620±0.014, 1.982±0.125, F=71.45, P<0.001), Ccl3(1.892±0.118, 1.942±0.132, F=32.93, P<0.001), and iNos(1.691±0.201, 1.548±0.090, F=13.60, P<0.05). mRNA in macrophages, and significantly down-regulated the expression of anti-inflammatory factors, including Tgfβ(1.376±0.025, 2.152±0.107, F=1.846, P<0.05), CD206(2.123±0.031, 3.139±1.663, F=8.037, P<0.05), Il4(2.098±0.464, 2.494±0.141, F=48.68, P<0.01), and Il10(1.303±0.216, 1.574±0.274, F=5.774, P<0.05)mRNA, causing M1 type macrophage polarization.Compared with the control group, 100 μmol/L palmitic acid could mildly but significantly increase the expression of inflammatory factors such as TNF-α and IL-6 at the transcriptional and protein levels.Compared with palmitic acid stimulation alone, the combination of palmitic acid and WISP2 further promoted the protein expression of macrophage inflammatory factors TNF-α[(589.4±17.0)ng/L, (692.6±83.4)ng/L, F=56.38, P<0.05], IL-6[(15.13±1.14)ng/L, (13.33±1.22)ng/L, F=23.32, P<0.001]and the mRNA expression of chemokines Mcp1(160±9.796, 140±18.91, F=141.1, P<0.0001)and C cl3(17.76±1.92, 14.41±1.27, F=125.2, P<0.0001). Compared with the control group, 100 μg/L lipopolysaccharide strongly stimulated the expression of inflammatory factors such as TNF-α[(3444±423)ng/L, F=71.20, P<0.0001]and IL-6[(497.0±41.2)ng/L, F=63.50, P<0.0001]in macrophages at the protein level.Compared with lipopolysaccharide stimulation alone, the combination of lipopolysaccharide and WISP2 further significantly up-regulated the mRNA expression of chemokines Mcp1(106.8±8.7, 118.7±4.6, F=251.5, P<0.0001)and Ccl3(35.3±12.5, 116.4±4.5, F=160.1, P<0.0001). Conclusions:The adipokine WISP2 can promote M1 macrophage polarization in palmitic acid and lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation, and it had distinct regulation in macrophage polarization under different inflammatory response conditions.

13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 33-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993719

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the results of national surveillance on the distribution and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical bacterial isolates from bloodstream infections in China in 2021.Methods:The clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture from member hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistant Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS) were collected during January 2021 to December 2021. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted by agar dilution or broth dilution methods recommended by Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). WHONET 5.6 was used to analyze data.Results:During the study period, 11 013 bacterial strains were collected from 51 hospitals, of which 2 782 (25.3%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 8 231 (74.7%) were Gram-negative bacteria. The top 10 bacterial species were Escherichia coli (37.6%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (18.9%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.8%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (6.3%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.6%), Enterococcus faecium (3.6%), Acinetobacter baumannii (2.8%), Enterococcus faecalis (2.7%), Enterobacter cloacae (2.5%) and Klebsiella spp (2.1%). The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus aureus were 25.3% and 76.8%, respectively. No glycopeptide- and daptomycin-resistant Staphylococci was detected; more than 95.0% of Staphylococcus aureus were sensitive to ceftobiprole. No vancomycin-resistant Enterococci strains were detected. The rates of extended spectrum B-lactamase (ESBL)-producing isolated in Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis were 49.6%, 25.5% and 39.0%, respectively. The prevalence rates of carbapenem-resistance in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were 2.2% and 15.8%, respectively; 7.9% of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae was resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam combination. Ceftobiprole demonstrated excellent activity against non-ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Aztreonam/avibactam was highly active against carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. The prevalence rate of carbapenem-resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii was 60.0%, while polymyxin and tigecycline showed good activity against Acinetobacter baumannii (5.5% and 4.5%). The prevalence of carbapenem-resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa was 18.9%. Conclusions:The BRICS surveillance results in 2021 shows that the main pathogens of blood stream infection in China are gram-negative bacteria, in which Escherichia coli is the most common. The MRSA incidence shows a further decreasing trend in China and the overall prevalence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococci is low. The prevalence of Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae is still on a high level, but the trend is downwards.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 230-237, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993433

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the early clinical outcomes of a minimally invasive anterolateral approach (Orthopadische chirurgie munchen, OCM) versus a conventional (posterolateral approach, PLA) hemiarthroplasty in the treatment of senior femoral neck fractures.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 90 elderly patients with femoral neck fractures who received anterolateral and posterolateral approaches for hemiarthroplasty in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from December 2019 to June 2021 and were followed up. In the OCM group, there were 45 cases, including 18 males and 27 females, aged 83.33±5.29 years (range, 76-96 years); In the PLA group, there were 45 cases, including 13 males and 32 females, aged 81.87±5.00 years (range, 75-94 years). Postoperative, surgical indices, perioperative bleeding, and soft tissue injury were assessed; pain was assessed using the visual analogue scale (VAS), and hip function was evaluated using the Harris score and the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) score.Results:The incision length, postoperative hospital stay, hemoglobin reduction, and occult blood loss were lower in the OCM group than in the PLA group ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in intraoperative bleeding and postoperative transfusion rate ( P>0.05). Serum creatine kinase and C-reactive protein levels (232.98±83.70 IU/L and 81.67±48.85 mg/L) were lower in the OCM group than in the PLA group (296.93±124.58 IU/L and 104.79±36.75 mg/L) 1 day after surgery, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=2.86, P=0.005; t=2.54, P=0.013). Postoperative pain was significantly improved in all patients, and VAS scores were lower in the OCM group than in the PLA group at 12 h, 24 h, and 48 h postoperatively ( P<0.05). The time to get out of bed after surgery was 20.73±4.99 h in the OCM group compared with 41.69±13.58 h in the PLA group, with a statistically significant difference ( t=9.71, P<0.001). Harris scores (63.31±6.21 and 75.76±4.91) and UCLA scores (1.84±0.42 and 3.69±0.76) were higher in the OCM group on the day of discharge and at 1 month postoperatively than in the PLA group (52.69±10.01 and 71.33±3.66); (1.62±0.54 and 3.16±0.80) points, all with statistically significant differences ( P<0.05). However, the differences in Harris score and UCLA score between the two groups at 6 months postoperatively were not statistically significant ( P>0.05). There were two cases of intermuscular vein thrombosis in the OCM group, with a complication rate of 4% (2/45), and one case of dislocation in the PLA group, with a complication rate of 2% (1/45), there was no significant difference between the two groups ( P=1.000). Conclusion:The minimally invasive anterolateral approach is a more ideal procedure for elderly patients with femoral neck fractures undergoing hemiarthroplasty. It has the advantages of a short incision, small soft tissue damage, low occult blood loss, early removal from bed, a short postoperative hospital stay, an improvement in pain, and a good early recovery of hip function.

15.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 144-148, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992818

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of ultrasound fusion navigation technology in the biopsy of parapharyngeal-infratemporal fossa-skull base (PIS) lesions.Methods:This study was conducted at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from March 2021 to March 2022 and included 8 patients [3 females and 5 males; age, (50±20) years; range, 16-76 years] with PIS lesions who needed to clarify the pathological diagnosis. The ultrasound fusion navigation with CT or MRI was used to guide lesion biopsy, and the technical feasibility, pathological diagnostic results and complications were evaluated.Results:The biopsy procedures were successful in all 8 patients, and the lesion size ranged from 2.2 to 6.5 cm. The exact pathological diagnosis was obtained in 7 patients, and the diagnostic rate was 87.5% (7/8). No major complication was observed after the biopsy. Mild complications occurred in 1 case, with a incidence of 12.5% (1/8).Conclusions:Ultrasound fusion navigation-guided biopsy is feasible, effective, and safe in the biopsy of deep head and neck lesions.

16.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 663-666, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990688

ABSTRACT

The liver is a highly proliferative organ. As the liver injured, the hepatocytes can quickly enter the cell cycle to restore the volume and function of liver. Liver regeneration involves complex processes that depend on the interaction of many different cell types. As limited by the average cell change level in tissues, traditional sequencing methods can only acquire the average genetic information reflecting dominant cell subpopulations, but ignore the secondary cell subpopu-lations, which leads to the loss of cellular heterogeneity information. Single-cell sequencing tech-nology can analyze the biological behavior of single cell, which helps to better understand the distri-bution, interaction and cell heterogeneity of different cells during liver regeneration. The authors review the application of single cell sequencing technology in liver regeneration.

17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 444-447, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the PLCE1 gene and children with primary nephrotic syndrome (PNS) in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Methods:This study was a retrospective study, a case-control study was used to select 155 cases of PNS in Guangxi Zhuang children attending the Affiliated Hospital of Youjiang Medical University for Nationalities from January 2017 to January 2021 (PNS group), and 100 healthy Guangxi Zhuang children who were physically examined during the same period (healthy control group). Genotyping of PLCE1 SNP rs3765524, and rs2274223 were performed using the second-generation gene sequencing technology, and their correlation with the development of PNS was analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was used for correlation analysis, and Chi- square test or Fisher′ s exact probability method was used for comparison between groups. Results:(1)Compared with the healthy control group, PLCE1 rs3765524 was correlated with the risk of PNS in children of PNS group, and the TT genotype may reduce the risk of PNS in the co-dominant model ( OR=0.435, 95% CI: 0.238-0.794, P=0.007). There were no significant differences in the genotype of PLCE1 rs2274223 and the frequency of allele distribution between PNS group and healthy control group (all P>0.05). (2) A strong linkage disequilibrium existed at PLCE1 SNP rs3765524 and rs2274223.(3) There were no significant differences in the frequency of the distribution of haplotypes AC, AT and GT between PNS group and healthy control group (all P>0.05). Conclusions:PLCE1 SNP rs3765524 is correlated with the risk of PNS in children in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, and the TT genotype may be a protective factor for PNS in children in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.

18.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 217-222, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989436

ABSTRACT

Budd-Chiari syndrome (B-CS) is a rare disease caused by hepatic vein outflow obstruction, and its etiology is complex and inconclusive. Current studies suggest that vascular dysplasia, gut microbiota and trace element imbalance may be related to the pathogenesis of B-CS, and the development of high-throughput sequencing technology may help to clarify the exact pathogenesis of B-CS. The symptoms of B-CS are not specific and rely mainly on imaging methods to establish the diagnosis, so there is an urgent need to find new noninvasive biological diagnostic markers. In addition, there are many pathological types and different criteria of B-CS, which mostly can′t fully reflect the pathophysiological changes of B-CS patients and guide clinical treatment. Therefore, we recommend pathophysiological classification according to the hemodynamic changes and collateral circulation compensation of B-CS, and then develop personalized treatment strategies for stratified management different from the traditional early diagnosis and treatment protocols. This article summarizes and discusses the above contents.

19.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 264-270, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989222

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the safety and efficacy of ticagrelor and clopidogrel in dual antiplatelet therapy for stent-assisted embolization of unruptured intracranial aneurysms.Methods:Patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms received stent-assisted embolization in the Department of Neurosurgery, Linyi People's Hospital from January 2021 to June 2022 were retrospectively included. According to the preprocedural dual antiplatelet therapy scheme, they were divided into aspirin+clopidogrel group (clopidogrel group) and aspirin+ticagrelor group (ticagrelor group). The incidence of ischemic and bleeding events was compared between the clopidogrel group and the ticagrelor group at 3 months after procedure. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze independent risk factors for postprocedural ischemic and bleeding events. Results:A total of 195 patients were included. Their age was 58.15±10.11 years and 75 were males (38.5%). There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of bleeding events (12.8% vs. 5.9%) and ischemic events (14.9% vs. 18.8%) at 3 months after procedure between the ticagrelor group ( n=94) and the clopidogrel group ( n=101). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that smoking (odds ratio [ OR] 6.085; 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.589-13.012; P=0.019], hypertension ( OR 4.547, 95% CI 1.589-13.012; P=0.005), aneurysm at the branch vessel ( OR 3.089, 95% CI 1.122-8.504; P=0.029), and the use of flow diverter ( OR 3.111, 95% CI 1.062-9.110; P=0.038) were the independent risk factors for postprocedural ischemic events. Triglycerides might be an independent risk factor for postprocedural bleeding events ( OR 1.435, 95% CI 0.989-2.082; P=0.057), but did not reach statistical significance. Conclusions:In dual antiplatelet therapy for stent-assisted embolization of unruptured intracranial aneurysms, ticagrelor and clopidogrel have the same safety and efficacy.

20.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 38-44, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988951

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of TCF3-PBX1 fusion gene-positive childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL).Methods:The clinical data of 1 287 newly diagnosed children with B-ALL who were admitted to five hospital in Fujian province (Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Zhangzhou Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou First Hospital Affiliated to Fujian Medical University, Nanping First Hospital of Fujian Province) from April 2011 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the results of TCF3-PBX1 fusion gene testing, all the patients were divided into TCF3-PBX1-positive group and TCF3-PBX1-negative group. The clinical characteristics, early treatment response [minimal residual disease (MRD) at middle stage and end of induction chemotherapy] and long-term efficacy [overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS)] of the patients in both groups were compared. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. The prognostic factors of TCF3-PBX1-positive B-ALL were analyzed by using Cox proportional hazards model. Among 83 children with TCF3-PBX1-positive B-ALL, the treatment regimens, risk stratification and efficacy evaluation of 62 cases were performed by using Chinese Children's Leukemia Group (CCLG)-ALL 2008 regimen and 21 cases were performed by using Chinese Children's Cancer Group (CCCG)-ALL 2015 regimen, and the efficacy and incidence of serious adverse events (SAE) between the two groups compared.Results:Among 1 287 B-ALL patients, 83 patients (6.4%) were TCF3-PBX1-positive. The proportion of patients with initial white blood cell count (WBC)≥50×10 9/L in the TCF3-PBX1-positive group was higher than that in the TCF3-PBX1-negative group, while the proportions of patients with MRD ≥1% on induction chemotherapy day 15 or day 19, and MRD ≥0.01% on induction chemotherapy day 33 or day 46 in the TCF3-PBX1-positive group were lower than those in the TCF3-PBX1-negative group (all P < 0.05). Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that MRD ≥1% on induction chemotherapy day 15 or day 19 and TCF3-PBX1 ≥0.01% on induction chemotherapy day 33 or day 46 were risk factors for OS and EFS (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that MRD ≥1% on induction chemotherapy day 15 or day 19 was an independent risk factor for OS ( HR = 10.589, 95% CI 1.903-58.933, P = 0.007) and EFS ( HR = 10.218, 95% CI 2.429-42.980, P = 0.002). TCF3-PBX1≥0.01% on induction chemotherapy day 33 or day 46 was an independent risk factor for EFS ( HR = 6.058, 95% CI 1.463-25.087, P = 0.013) but not for OS ( HR = 3.550, 95% CI 0.736-17.121, P = 0.115). The 10-year EFS and OS rates of the TCF3-PBX1-positive group were 84.6% (95% CI 76.9%-93.1%) and 89.1% (95% CI 82.1%-96.6%), and the differences between the two groups were not statistically significant (both P > 0.05). Among 80 children who received standardized treatment, compared with children who were treated with CCLG-ALL 2008 regimen, the incidence of infection-related SAE was lower in children who were treated with CCCG-ALL 2015 regimen [0 (0/21) vs. 20.3% (12/59), χ2 = 5.22, P = 0.022], but there were no statistical differences in treatment-related mortality, relapse rate, EFS and OS between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusions:Children with TCF3-PBX1-positive B-ALL have a good prognosis, and MRD≥1% at middle stage of induction chemotherapy and TCF3-PBX1≥0.01% at the end of induction chemotherapy may be influencing factors for poor prognosis. CCCG-ALL 2015 regimen can reduce infection-related SAE while achieving good efficacy.

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