Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 89
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics and medical nutritional therapy of 6 patients with late-onset ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency.Methods:The clinical features, biochemical data, gene variations and treatment outcomes of 6 children with late-onset OTC deficiency admitted to the Department of Clinical Nutrition, Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2020 to April 2022 were retrospectively analyzed.The 6 patients were all intervened by a long-term medical nutrition management.Results:Liver dysfunction and hyperammonemia (172.1-348.0 μmol/L) were found in all the 6 children with late-onset OTC deficiency.Serum citrulline decreased in 3 patients (3.95-5.43 μmol/L). Three patients showed increased urine orotic acid (123.48-342.60 mmol/mol Cr). Urine uracil increased in 4 patients (106.77-1 207.26 mmol/mol Cr). Variations of the OTC gene [c.364G>C p. (E122Q), c.1028C>G p. (T343R), c.664-2(IVS6)A>C, c.635G>T p. (G212V), c.929_c.931delAAG p. (E310del), c.829C>T p. (R277W)] were identified in all patients.The 6 children were all managed by individualized medical nutrition program and followed up for a long time.During the follow-up period, 3 cases developed hypoproteinemia, acute metabolic crisis and growth retardation, 3 cases had normal growth and laboratory indicators, and 1 case received liver transplantation after 3 months of nutritional management. Conclusions:The clinical manifestations of OTC deficiency are non-specific.Blood amino acids, urine organic acids and genetic tests are important for the diagnosis.Long-term regular medical nutrition management is helpful to improve the prognosis and quality of life of children.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982027

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the prevalence of pathogenic germline mutations of mismatch repair (MMR) genes in prostate cancer patients and its relationship with clinicopathological characteristics.@*METHODS@#Germline sequencing data of 855 prostate cancer patients admitted in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from 2018 to 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The pathogenicity of mutations was assessed according to the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) standard guideline, Clinvar and Intervar databases. The clinicopathological characteristics and responses to castration treatment were compared among patients with MMR gene mutation (MMR+ group), patients with DNA damage repair (DDR) gene germline pathogenic mutation without MMR gene (DDR+MMR- group) and patients without DDR gene germline pathogenic mutation (DDR- group).@*RESULTS@#Thirteen (1.52%) MMR+ patients were identified in 855 prostate cancer patients, including 1 case with MLH1 gene mutation, 6 cases with MSH2 gene mutation, 4 cases with MSH6 gene mutation and 2 cases with PMS2 gene mutation. 105 (11.9%) patients were identified as DDR gene positive (except MMR gene), and 737 (86.2%) patients were DDR gene negative. Compared with DDR- group, MMR+ group had lower age of onset (P<0.05) and initial prostate-specific antigen (PSA) (P<0.01), while no significant differences were found between the two groups in Gleason score and TMN staging (both P>0.05). The median time to castration resistance was 8 months (95%CI: 6 months-not achieved), 16 months (95%CI: 12-32 months) and 24 months (95%CI: 21-27 months) for MMR+ group, DDR+MMR- group and DDR- group, respectively. The time to castration resistance in MMR+ group was significantly shorter than that in DDR+MMR- group and DDR- group (both P<0.01), while there was no significant difference between DDR+MMR- group and DDR- group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#MMR gene mutation testing is recommended for prostate cancer patients with early onset, low initial PSA, metastasis or early resistance to castration therapy.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostate-Specific Antigen/genetics , Germ-Line Mutation , Retrospective Studies , DNA Mismatch Repair/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , China , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology
3.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 550-555, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985907

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of decitabine combined with low dose chemotherapy (LDC) in the treatment of high-risk, refractory and relapsed pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methods: Clinical data of 19 AML children treated with decitabine combined with LDC in the Department of Hematology, Children's Hospital of Soochow University from April 2017 to November 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The therapeutic response, adverse effects and survival status were analyzed,and the outcomes of patients were followed up. Results: Among 19 AML cases, there were 10 males and 9 females. Five cases were high-risk AML, 7 cases were refractory AML, and 7 cases were relapsed AML. After one course of decitabine+LDC treatment, 15 cases achieved complete remission, 3 cases got partial remission, and only 1 case didn't get remission. All patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation as consolidation therapy. The follow-up time of all cases was 46 (37, 58) months, 14 children had survived. The cumulative three-year overall survival rate was (79±9) %, events free survival rates was (68±11) %, and recurrence free survival rate was (81±10) %. The most common adverse effects related to the induction treatment were cytopenia (19 cases) and infection (16 cases).There were no treatment-related death during the therapy. Conclusion: Decitabine combined with LDC is a safe and effective option for high-risk, refractory and relapsed AML children, which provides an opportunity for HSCT.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child , Decitabine , Retrospective Studies , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009955

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the relative expression of IGLL1 (immunoglobulin lambda-like polypeptide 1) mRNA in bone marrow of children with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), and analyze its correlation with the clinical characteristics and prognosis of the patients, so as to clarify the clinical significance of IGLL1 in pediatric T-ALL patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 56 pediatric T-ALL patients hospitalized in Children's Hospital of Soochow University from June 2012 to December 2017 and treated with CCLG-ALL 2008 regimen were selected. Transcriptome sequencing technology was used to detect the transcription level of IGLL1 gene in children with T-ALL. According to 25% of the IGLL1 transcription level (cutoff value:448), the enrolled children were divided into IGLL1 low expression group (17 cases) and IGLL1 high expression group (39 cases). Combined with clinical data, the correlation between the expression level of IGLL1 and prognosis of the patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The comparative analysis showed that the transcription level of IGLL1 was not correlated with the clinical characteristics of the patients, such as sex, age, bone marrow blast, white blood cell (WBC) count at initial diagnosis. The 5-year OS rate of patients with high IGLL1 expression was significantly higher than that of patients with low IGLL1 expression (76.9%±6.7% vs 47.1%±12.1%, P =0.018). Further comparison of relapse-free survival (RFS) rate between the two groups showed that the 5-year RFS rate of patients with high IGLL1 expression was higher than that of patients with low IGLL1 expression, but the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (P =0.095). Multivariate COX analysis was conducted on common clinical prognostic factors (age, sex, WBC count at diagnosis, prednisone response on the 7th day, bone marrow response on the 15th day after treatment) and IGLL1 expression level, and the results showed that IGLL1 expression (P =0.012) and prednisone response (P =0.017) were independent risk factors for overall survival in pediatric T-ALL patients.@*CONCLUSION@#In pediatric T-ALL, the OS rate of children with high expression of IGLL1 gene was significantly higher than that of children with low expression of IGLL1 gene, and the expression level of IGLL1 gene was an independent factor affecting the survival of children with T-ALL, which suggests that IGLL1 is a marker of good clinical prognosis of children with T-ALL.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Clinical Relevance , Disease-Free Survival , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Recurrence , Immunoglobulin Light Chains, Surrogate/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928663

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the efficacy of children with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) without prognostic fusion genes treated by CCLG-ALL 2008, and investigate the related factors affecting the recurrence of the patients.@*METHODS@#B-ALL patients without prognostic fusion genes treated by the protocol of CCLG-ALL 2008 in our hospital from March 2008 to December 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. Follow-up time was ended in August 31, 2019. The median follow-up time was 92 months (range 0-136 months). Kaplan-Meier was used to detect the RFS, and COX multivariate regression analysis was employed to identify the independent factors affecting the recurrence of the patients.@*RESULTS@#There were 140 males and 99 females enrolled in this study. The ratio of male to female was 1.41∶1. The median age was 4.4 years old and the median number of WBC at initial stage was 4.98×109/L. There were 77 cases relapsed during the observation while 162 without relapsed, 16 cases lost to follow-up and 72 cases died. The recurrence and mortality rate was 32.22% and 30.1%, respectively, in which 45 cases died of recurrence (62.5% of the total deaths). Univariate analysis showed that the age≥6 years old, WBC >100×109/L, the bone marrow blasts on day 15≥25%, the bone marrow minimal residual disease (MRD) at week 12 >10-4, and the higher risk were the main factors affecting the recurrence of the patients (P<0.05). Multivariate COX regression analysis showed that age≥6 years old, WBC >100×109/L, bone marrow MRD >10-4 at the 12th week were the independent risk factors affecting recurrence of the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Age, initial WBC, and bone marrow MRD at the 12th week were correlated with recurrence in children with B-ALL without prognostic fusion genes, which can be used as prognostic indices of recurrence risk in clinical.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Disease-Free Survival , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921380

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This prospective study was performed to evaluate whether the distal-triangular flap was a practical alternative surgical approach for extracting mandibular third molars.@*METHODS@#Sixty participants with impacted mandibular third molars were randomly divided into three groups: group A, distal-triangular flap; group B, Szmyd flap; and group C, envelope flap. The impacted third molars were extracted by the corresponding flapping method. During a three-month follow-up observation after the extraction, the postoperative pain, swelling, mouth opening, and periodontal status were recorded and analyzed by ANOVA and chi-square tests.@*RESULTS@#The 60 participants had successful extraction and 3-month follow-up observation. No participant suffered from postoperative infections, lower lip disorder, or tongue sensory disorders. No statistical differences were found in the postoperative symptoms and signs of the three flap designs, such as postoperative pain, swelling, mouth opening, and periodontal status (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The distal-triangular flap was as safe and reliable as the Szmyd and envelope flaps but more advantageous because of its convenient operative field exposure and low requirement for the patient's mouth opening. Thus, the distal-triangular flap is one of the alternative flap options for extracting impacted mandibular third molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mandible/surgery , Molar, Third/surgery , Prospective Studies , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted/surgery
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878439

ABSTRACT

The morbidity rate of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ) increased rapidly in recent years. Thusfar, the mechanism of MRONJ has no consensus. The possible mechanisms may include bone remodeling inhibition theory, angiogenesis inhibition theory, oral microorganism infection theory, immunosuppression theory, cytotoxicity-targeted oral epithelial cells, microcrack formation of maxillary or mandibular bone, and single nucleotide polymorphism. However, the efficacy of prevention and treatment based on a single mechanism is not ideal. Routine oral examination before MRONJ-related drug treatment, treatment of related dental diseases, and regular oral follow-up during drug treatment are of great significance for the prevention of MRONJ. During the treatment of MRONJ, the stage of MRONJ must be determined accurately, treatment must be standardized in accordance with the guidelines, and personalized adjustments must be made considering the specific conditions of patients. This review aimed to combine the latest research and guidelines for MRONJ and the experiences on the treatment of MRONJ in the Maxillofacial Surgery Department of West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, and discuss the strategies to improve the clinical process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/prevention & control , Bone Density Conservation Agents , Bone Remodeling , China , Jaw
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878426

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The present study aimed to explore the innervation of the anterior hard palatine and its relationship with individual development stage. Specifically, the effects of anesthesia on patients of different ages were observed, and neurodevelopment in the maxillofacial region was invesitgated. References that are helpful in selecting local anesthesia were provided.@*METHODS@#A total of 182 patients with mixed dentition were randomly divided into the nasopalatine nerve block and greater palatine nerve block groups. Then, 219 patients with permanent dentition were divided into an adolescent group (13-18 years old) and adult group (over 19 years old), all of whom underwent bilateral greater palatine nerve block. Palatal mucosal pain sensation was tested pre- and post-anesthesia with Von Frey hairs.@*RESULTS@#Among the children with mixed dentition, bilateral greater palatine nerve block tended to result in better anesthetic effects than nasopalatine nerve block (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The sensation of the anterior hard palatine seems mainly dominated by the greater palatine nerve until mixed dentition and gradually shifted to the nasopalatine nerve in conjunction with maxillary development and tooth replacement. Hence, the innervation of the anterior hard palatine induce a secondary development during the development of the maxilla.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Humans , Young Adult , Dentition, Mixed , Maxilla , Maxillary Nerve , Nerve Block , Palate , Palate, Hard
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880130

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the efficacy of CCLG-ALL-2008 protocol and the related factors of treatment failure in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 400 children newly-diagnosed ALL in Children's Hospital of Soochow University from March 1, 2008 to December 31, 2012 was retrospectively analyzed. All the children accepted CCLG-ALL-2008 protocol, and were followed-up until October 2019. The dates of relapse, death and causes of death were recorded. Treatment failure was defined as relapse, non-relapse death, and secondary tumor.@*RESULTS@#Following-up for 10 years, there were 152 cases relapse or non-relapse death, the treatment failure rate was 38%, including 122 relapse (80.3%), 30 non-relapse deaths (19.7%) which included 7 cases (4 cases died of infection and 3 cases died of bleeding) died of treatment (23.3% of non-relapse deaths), 8 cases died of minimal residual disease (MRD) continuous positive (26.7% of non-relapse deaths) and 15 cases died of financial burden (50% of non-relapse deaths). According to the relapse stage, 37 cases (30%) in very early stage, 38 cases (31%) in early stage, and 47 cases (39%) in late stage, while according to the relapse site, 107 cases relapsed in bone marrow, 3 cases in testis, 3 cases in central nervous system (CNS), 5 cases in bone marrow plus testis and 4 cases in bone marrow plus CNS. Bone marrow relapse was the main cause of death in 89 cases, followed by nervous system. Initially diagnosed WBC count (≥50×10@*CONCLUSION@#Relapse is the main cause of treatment failure in children with ALL. The initially diagnosed WBC count, immunophenotype and MRD at week 12 were the independent prognostic factors for relapse of the patients. Financial burden accounts for a large proportion of non-relapse death.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Disease-Free Survival , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Failure , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 397-400, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885033

ABSTRACT

DNA damage repair gene mutations are prevalent in advanced prostate cancer. Among these, mutations in homologous recombination repair genes could impair the ability of cell to restore the DNA double-strand break, which can be exploited by Poly-ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors through synthetic lethality and result in cell death. The phase Ⅲ study " PROfound" showed that the PAPR inhibitor Olaparib could significantly improve the survival of patients with homologous recombination repair gene mutations compared with novel hormone agents, starting the era of targeted, precise and individualized treatment based on genetic profile detection for prostate cancer treatment.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908015

ABSTRACT

Clinical data, nutrition support and 6-year follow-up results of a patient with Tricho-hepato-enteric syndrome (THES) diagnosed in the Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University in December 2013 were analyzed.The patient suffered severe malnutrition, growth retardation, hypophosphatemia, hypoglobulinemia, high nutritional risk status and significant intestinal dysfunction.The genetic testing revealed SKIV2 L gene variation in this case of THES.During the acute exacerbation of diarrhea, enteral nutrition and periodical short-term parenteral nutrition were given as nutrition support.Deep-hydrolyzed formula by oral and low-fat, low-residue, high-quality-protein diet was given during the remission phase.At last, the diarrhea and nutritional status of the patient improved gradually.The growth and development, including neuromotor development of the case also caught up to children with the same age, and he was capable of schooling.It is suggested that rational individualized nutrition support can significantly improve intestinal function and nutritional status of children with THES, which overcome the dangerous period, improve the quality of life and prolong the survival time.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826628

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study summarizes and compares clinical and laboratory characteristics of 34 patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for complications from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China from Jan. 22 to Mar. 5, 2020.@*METHODS@#A total of 34 patients were divided into two groups, including those who required noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) with additional extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in 11 patients. Clinical features of COVID-19 patients were described and the parameters of clinical characteristics between the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The rates of the acute cardiac and kidney complications were higher in IMV cases than those in NIV cases. Most patients had lymphocytopenia on admission, with lymphocyte levels dropping progressively on the following days, and the more severe lymphopenia developed in the IMV group. In both groups, T lymphocyte counts were below typical lower limit norms compared to B lymphocytes. On admission, both groups had higher than expected amounts of plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), which over time declined more in NIV patients. The prothrombin time was increased and the levels of platelet, hemoglobin, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), D-dimer, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and IL-6 were higher in IMV cases compared with NIV cases during hospitalization.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Data showed that the rates of complications, dynamics of lymphocytopenia, and changes in levels of platelet, hemoglobin, BUN, D-dimer, LDH and IL-6, and prothrombin time in these ICU patients were significantly different between IMV and NIV cases.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Kidney Injury , Virology , Betacoronavirus , Blood Urea Nitrogen , China , Coronavirus Infections , Therapeutics , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Heart Diseases , Virology , Hemoglobins , Hospitalization , Intensive Care Units , Interleukin-6 , Blood , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Blood , Lymphopenia , Virology , Noninvasive Ventilation , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Therapeutics , Positive-Pressure Respiration , Prothrombin Time , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826627

ABSTRACT

Since the global outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003, China has gradually built a robust prevention and control system for sudden infectious diseases. All large hospitals have a fever clinic that isolates patients with all kinds of acute communicable diseases as the first line of medical defense. The emergency department, as the second line of medical defense in hospitals, is constantly shouldering the heavy responsibility of screening communicable diseases while also treating all kinds of other non-communicable acute and critical diseases (Zhang et al., 2012; Zhu et al., 2015; Wang et al., 2017; Feng et al., 2018; Lu, 2018; Xu and Lu, 2019). An outbreak of pneumonia of unknown etiology that began in Wuhan city (China) has spread rapidly in China since December 2019 (Huang et al., 2020; WHO, 2020; Zhu et al., 2020). In February 2020, the National Health Commission of China named the disease a novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP); then, it was formally named the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by the World Health Organization (WHO) on Feb. 11, 2020. The Coronavirus Study Group of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses designated this causative virus as SARS coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). SARS-CoV-2 belongs to the β coronavirus genus, and its pathogenic mechanism has not been clarified, which requires further study. To better understand the clinical characteristics of COVID-19 and more effectively prevent and control this disease, we retrospectively analyzed four representative cases of COVID-19 that had recently been screened and diagnosed in our emergency department.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Betacoronavirus , China , Epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Emergency Service, Hospital , Lung , Diagnostic Imaging , Pandemics , Patient Isolation , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828635

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of aerophagia in children.@*MEYJODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 46 children with aerophagia who were diagnosed and treated in Children's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from October 2011 to September 2019.@*RESULTS@#Among these 46 children, 15 (33%) had Tourette syndrome. Abdominal distension was the most common symptom and was observed in 45 children (98%). The 24-hour esophageal multichannel intraluminal impedance monitoring showed a mean number of 341 times of air swallowing and a mean number of 212 times of gas reflux, and 95% of gas refluxes occurred in the upright body position. Compared with those without Tourette syndrome, the children with Tourette syndrome had a significantly higher incidence rate of air swallowing symptoms (67% vs 6%, P<0.001), but there were no significant differences in other symptoms and the results of 24-hour esophageal impedance. Dietary adjustment, psycho-behavioral therapy, and drug intervention significantly improved the scores of clinical symptoms and quality of life, among which psycho-behavioral therapy was an important intervention measure.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Some children with aerophagia may have Tourette syndrome, and such children are more likely to have air swallowing symptoms. Psycho-behavioral therapy is one of the most important treatment methods, and children with aerophagia tend to have a good prognosis after treatment.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Aerophagy , Electric Impedance , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864305

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of eosinophil(EOS) in feces of children with allergic enteritis caused by milk protein, and to provide basis for diagnosis and treatment of allergic enteritis.Methods:From July 2018 to June 2019, 70 children with milk protein allergic enteritis (allergic group), 50 children with non allergic common diarrhea (non-allergic group) and 50 children with healthy physical examination (healthy control group) were selected from Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University.White blood cell(WBC), hemoglobin(Hb), blood platelet(PLT), EOS and the percentage of EOS(EOS%) of the 3 groups were counted by automatic hematology analyzer.The EOS in the feces of the 3 groups and the allergic group after treatment were counted by Gomori staining, and the correlation between EOS in the feces and milk protein allergic enteritis was analyzed.Results:For allergic group, EOS count in peripheral blood was(0.71±0.74)×10 9/L, EOS% was (7.56±5.96)%, and PLT was (382.96±85.98)×10 9/L.For non-allergic group, EOS was (0.31±0.18)×10 9/L, EOS% was (3.53±2.26)%, PLT was(315.12±69.81)×10 9/L.For healthy control group, EOS was(0.31±0.15)×10 9/L, EOS% was (3.66±1.65)%, and the PLT was(307.56±85.20)×10 9/L.The number of EOS, EOS% and PLT in allergic group were higher than those in non-allergic group and healthy control group ( F=13.606, 19.055, 16.074, all P<0.05). The number of EOS in feces of allergic group[(10.75 ±17.17)/ 50 fields at ×1 000]was significantly higher than that of non-allergic group[(1.16±3.09)/50 fields at ×1 000], the difference was statistically significant ( F=17.25, P<0.05), and there was no EOS in feces of healthy control group.After 4 weeks of avoidance of milk, EOS in feces decreased significantly in allergic group [(2.26±5.32)/50 fields at ×1 000], the difference was statistically significant ( t=5.822, P<0.05), while EOS in blood decreased [(0.56±0.47)×10 9/L], the difference was not statistically significant ( t=1.981, P>0.05). Conclusions:EOS in fecal of children with milk protein allergic enteritis increased obviously and decreased after treatment, is helpful to guide the clinical diagnosis and may become a new indicator of efficacy monitoring.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876304

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the knowledge of HIV/AIDS among the female sex workers in Songjiang District of Shanghai, changes in their related behaviors, and prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus(HIV), syphilis, and hepatitis C virus (HCV), providing evidence for related prevention and control work in this regard. Methods During 2011-2015 sentinel surveillance period, in the area of Songjiang District, according to the survey method of the National AIDS Sentinel Monitoring Implementation Program, questionnaires were conducted on the female sex workers and their venous blood was collected to detect HIV, syphilis and HCV antibodies. Results A total of 2 064 secret prostitutes were surveyed.The overall awareness rate of AIDS-related knowledge among them was 94.77%, and the annual awareness rates were 93.33%, 95.01%, 93.00%, 99.76%, and 92.57%, respectively(P < 0.05);The total proportion of the female sex workers who used condoms in the last commercial sex was 90.07%, and 84.05%, 80.55%, 93.72%, 99.06%, and 95.79% respectively in the calendar year(P < 0.05);The total proportion of the female sex workers who insisted on using condoms for commercial sex in the last 1 month was 76.74%, and 69.29%, 60.60%, 86.47%, 87.76%, and 78.96% respectively in the calendar year(P < 0.05);The average detection rate of HIV antibodies for 5 years was 0.00%, syphilis antibody detection rate was 3.00%, and HCV antibody detection rate was 0.34%. Conclusion The knowledge level of AIDS related knowledge is high among the female sex workers in Songjiang District.The persistent condom use rate during commercial sex is low in the last month; the syphilis detection rate is slightly higher than the national average.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876286

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the knowledge of HIV/AIDS among the female sex workers in Songjiang District of Shanghai, changes in their related behaviors, and prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus(HIV), syphilis, and hepatitis C virus (HCV), providing evidence for related prevention and control work in this regard. Methods During 2011-2015 sentinel surveillance period, in the area of Songjiang District, according to the survey method of the National AIDS Sentinel Monitoring Implementation Program, questionnaires were conducted on the female sex workers and their venous blood was collected to detect HIV, syphilis and HCV antibodies. Results A total of 2 064 secret prostitutes were surveyed.The overall awareness rate of AIDS-related knowledge among them was 94.77%, and the annual awareness rates were 93.33%, 95.01%, 93.00%, 99.76%, and 92.57%, respectively(P < 0.05);The total proportion of the female sex workers who used condoms in the last commercial sex was 90.07%, and 84.05%, 80.55%, 93.72%, 99.06%, and 95.79% respectively in the calendar year(P < 0.05);The total proportion of the female sex workers who insisted on using condoms for commercial sex in the last 1 month was 76.74%, and 69.29%, 60.60%, 86.47%, 87.76%, and 78.96% respectively in the calendar year(P < 0.05);The average detection rate of HIV antibodies for 5 years was 0.00%, syphilis antibody detection rate was 3.00%, and HCV antibody detection rate was 0.34%. Conclusion The knowledge level of AIDS related knowledge is high among the female sex workers in Songjiang District.The persistent condom use rate during commercial sex is low in the last month; the syphilis detection rate is slightly higher than the national average.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772691

ABSTRACT

Resorption of alveolar bone that occurs following tooth extraction is irreversible, it may compromise the restoration of implants or conventional prostheses. Ridge preservation can minimize ridge resorption after tooth extraction. In this article, healing features of socket after tooth extraction, factors influencing ridge remodeling, and the use of bioma-terials were reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alveolar Bone Loss , Alveolar Process , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation , Tooth Extraction , Tooth Socket , Wound Healing
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733447

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the nutritional risk of hospitalized infants with severe pneumonia and its relationship with clinical outcome. Methods Totally 113 infants with severe pneumonia admitted to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU)were enrolled in the study. Nutritional risks were screened by STRONGkids, and the nutritional were assessment with WHO Anthro. Clinical outcomes were recorded and analyzed, including mechanical ventilation, length of PICU stay, total hospital expenses, prognosis, and biochemical test index. Results A total of 44 infants (38.9%) had high nutritional risk, 49 (43.4%) had medium nutritional risk, 20 (17.7%) had low nutritional risk when they admitted to PICU. A total of 59 (52.2%) infants were malnourished when they admitted to PICU. There was a significant correlation between the degree of malnutrition and nutritional risk (r =0.574, P<0.01).The incidence of high nutritional risk was significantly higher in 28d~1year-old group than in 1~3 year-old group (χ2=20.46, P<0.01). Nearly 42.5%(48/113) of the children had congenital disease and had higher incidence of high nutritional risk (χ2=11.375, P=0.003) and higher incidence of malnutrition (χ2=10.083, P=0.001) than those without congenital disease. The rate of mechanical ventilation (P=0.028), the duration of mechanical ventilation (P<0.01), total hospital expenses (P=0.002) and the incidence of poor prognosis(P=0.014) were significantly higher in high nutritional risk group than the low nutritional risk group. The retinol binding protein in the high nutrition risk group was significantly lower than the low nutrition risk group (χ2=6.333, P=0.021). Conclusions High nutritional risk and malnutrition are common in infants with severe pneumonia. Malnutrition and nutritional risk are increased in patients less than 1 year old or suffering from congenital disease. Patients with high nutritional risk are more likely to have worse clinical outcomes. STRONGkids is a valid tool for nutritional risk screening in hospitalized children, and early nutrition support is recommended.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772457

ABSTRACT

Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is a severe complication of bisphosphonates (BPs) or other targeted agent therapies. MRONJ appears as exposed bone, pus, and swelling in the oral and maxillofacial regions. However, neither surgery nor conservative therapy can eliminate symptoms thoroughly. In addition to BPs, several antiresorptive and antiangiogenic agents, such as denosumab and bevacizumab, as well as targeted agents, such as sunitinib and temsirolimus, can cause osteonecrosis of  the  jaw according to the literature. This review aims to summarize the research progress on these new drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , Drug Therapy , Bone Density Conservation Agents , Denosumab , Therapeutic Uses , Diphosphonates
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL