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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999465

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Elevated plasma D-dimer level is a poor prognostic factor for many solid tumors. However, limited research has been conducted on D-dimer in children with neuroblastoma (NB), and its clinical significance remains unclear. The present study investigated the clinical and prognostic significance of D-dimer in pediatric NB patients. @*Methods@#A retrospective analysis of all newly admitted NB patients was conducted from January 2014 to December 2020.Baseline clinicopathological features, preoperative laboratory parameters, and follow-up information were collected. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the relationship between D-dimer level, clinical features, and the prognostic value. @*Results@#Among 266 patients, the median value of D-dimer was 2.98 ng/mL, of which 132 patients showed elevated D-dimer levels before surgery (>2.98 ng/mL). Univariate analysis revealed that elevated D-dimer was significantly associated with age, hemoglobin, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, neuron-specific enolase, 24-hour vanillylmandelic acid, overall survival, and so on (P < 0.05). Patients with elevated D-dimer levels had shorter median overall survival time when compared with normal D-dimer levels (P = 0.01). The prognosis was better in patients with normal D-dimer levels when combined with lower age, ganglioneuroblastoma tumor type, lower stage on International Neuroblastoma Staging System, low-risk group, and without bone metastasis or bone marrow metastasis. The continuous increase of D-dimer level after treatment indicated tumor recurrence or progression. @*Conclusion@#A high D-dimer level is associated with low overall survival, and an elevated D-dimer level after treatment indicates tumor recurrence and progression. D-dimer can be used as one of the evaluation factors for NB treatment or prognosis.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2168-2179, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999122

ABSTRACT

Astragalus, which was first documented in Shennong Bencao Jing, is the dried root of Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge. or Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge. var. mongholicus (Bge.) Hsiao. The active ingredients astragalus membranaceus saponins (AMS), astragalus polysaccharides (APS) and astragalus flavonoids (AFS) have pharmacological effects such as anti-tumor properties, lowering blood sugar, regulating lipid metabolism, cardiovascular protection, anti-oxidation, bone protection, anti-fibrosis, etc. Fibrosis affects almost all organs, particularly vital organs such as the lungs, liver, heart and kidneys. The primary pathological changes of fibrosis involve abnormal increase of myofibroblasts and excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) components, which lead to the formation of scar tissue, ultimately resulting in fibrosis and even functional loss or failure of organs, which seriously threatens human health and life. Recent, studies have shown that Astragalus membranaceus has a good therapetuic effect on organ fibrosis. This article reviews the current advances of Astragalus in the prevention and treatment of fibrosis of lungs, liver, heart, kidneys and other important organs.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010305

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To examine the anti-inflammatory effects and potential mechanisms of polypeptide from Moschus (PPM) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced THP-1 macrophages and BALB/c mice.@*METHODS@#The polypeptide was extracted from Moschus and analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Subsequently, LPS was used to induce inflammation in THP-1 macrophages and BALB/c mice. In LPS-treated or untreated THP-1 macrophages, cell viability was observed by cell counting kit 8 and lactate dehydrogenase release assays; the proinflammatory cytokines and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and flow cytometry, respectively; and protein and mRNA levels were measured by Western blot and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), respectively. In LPS-induced BALB/c mice, the proinflammatory cytokines were measured, and lung histology and cytokines were observed by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining, respectively.@*RESULTS@#The SDS-PAGE results suggested that the molecular weight of purified PPM was in the range of 10-26 kD. In vitro, PPM reduced the production of interleukin 1β (IL-1β), IL-18, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), IL-6 and ROS in LPS-induced THP-1 macrophages (P<0.01). Western blot analysis demonstrated that PPM inhibited LPS-induced nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) pathway and thioredoxin interacting protein (TXNIP)/nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain, leucine-rich repeat and pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome pathway by reducing protein expression of phospho-NF-κB p65, phospho-inhibitors of NF-κB (Iκ Bs) kinase α/β (IKKα/β), TXNIP, NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC), and pro-caspase-1 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). In addition, qRT-PCR revealed the inhibitory effects of PPM on the mRNA levels of TXNIP, NLRP3, ASC, and caspase-1 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Furthermore, in LPS-induced BALB/c mice, PPM reduced TNF-α and IL-6 levels in serum (P<0.05 or P<0.01), decreased IL-1β and IL-18 levels in the lungs (P<0.01) and alleviated pathological injury to the lungs.@*CONCLUSION@#PPM could attenuate LPS-induced inflammation by inhibiting the NF-κB-ROS/NLRP3 pathway, and may be a novel potential candidate drug for treating inflammation and inflammation-related diseases.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970503

ABSTRACT

Wuzhuyu Decoction, the classical formula recorded in the Treatise on Febrile Diseases(Shang Han Lun), has been included in the Catalogue of Ancient Classic Prescriptions(the First Batch). Consisting of Euodiae Fructus, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens, and Jujubae Fructus, it is effective in warming the middle, tonifying deficiency, dispelling cold, and descending adverse Qi, and is widely applied clinically with remarkable efficacies. For a classical formula, the chemical composition is the material basis and an important premise for quantity value transfer. This study aimed to establish a rapid identification method of chemical components in Wuzhuyu Decoction by high-resolution mass spectrometry(HR-MS) and molecular network. AQUITY UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) was used for sample separation, and acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid in water was used as mobile phases for gradient elution. Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS data were collected in positive and negative ion modes, and GNPS molecular network was plotted according to the similarity of MS/MS fragmentation modes. Cytoscape 3.6.1 was used to screen molecular clusters with similar structures. Finally, the chemical components of Wuzhuyu Decoction were rapidly identified according to the controls, as well as the information of retention time, accurate relative molecular weight of HR-MS, and MS/MS multistage fragments. A total of 105 chemical components were identified in Wuzhuyu Decoction. This study can provide data for the follow-up quality control, standard substance research, and pharmacodynamic material research on Wuzhuyu Decoction, as well as references for the rapid qualitative analysis of the chemical components of Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Quality Control
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993118

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect and safety of camrelizumab combined with induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy for patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).Methods:A total of 24 patients with stage Ⅲ-IV A NPC were recruited prospectively to receive two cycles of camrelizumab combined with induction chemotherapy (docetaxel 75 mg/m 2+ cisplatin 25 mg/m 2 for three consecutive days) followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (prescription doses: 6 996 cGy in 33 fractions for PGTV and PGTV nd, 6 006 cGy in 33 fractions for PTV 1, 5 096 cGy in 28 fractions for PTV 2, and concurrent cisplatin chemotherapy with a dose of 75 mg/m 2). The short-term efficacy and adverse reactions were evaluated. Results:After induction therapy, nasopharyngeal lesions showed an objective response rate (ORR) of 91.6%, including 45.8% of complete response (CR) and 45.8% of partial response (PR); cervical lymph nodes showed an ORR of 95.8% (CR: 4.2%; PR: 91.6%). Seventeen patients accepted a reexamination under a nasopharyngoscope, and the biting biopsy result indicated that 13 patients among them had complete pathologic response. After concurrent chemoradiotherapy, nasopharyngeal lesions and cervical lymph nodes showed CR rates of 83.3% and 91.7% and PR rates of 16.7% and 8.3%, respectively. After the induction therapy, 13 patients with stage IV A NPC had ORR (PR) rates of 92.4% and 92.4%, respectively, at nasopharyngeal lesions and cervical lymph nodes. After concurrent chemoradiotherapy, the patients with stage IV A NPC had CR rates of 84.6% and 92.3% and PR rates of 15.4% and 7.7%, respectively, at nasopharyngeal lesions and cervical lymph nodes. Major adverse reactions include leukopenia, granulopenia, anemia, radioactive acute oropharyngeal mucositis and dermatitis, digestive tract reaction, fatigue, hypothyroidism, aminotransferase elevation, and reactive capillary hyperplasia. Conclusions:Camrelizumab combined with induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy can achieve high short-term efficacy for patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma, without increasing the incidence of adverse reactions. Its long-term efficacy deserves further research.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010601

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) for assessing disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with tofacitinib.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study was conducted among 98 RA patients in active stage treated with tofacitinib in Third Xiangya Hospital and 100 healthy control subjects from the Health Management Center of the hospital from 2019 to 2021. We collected blood samples from all the participants for measurement of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and other blood parameters 1 month before and 6 months after tofacitinib treatment. We further evaluated PLR and NLR before and after tofacitinib treatment in the RA patients, and analyzed their correlations with RA disease activity.@*RESULTS@#PLR and NLR increased significantly in RA patients as compared with the healthy controls. In the RA patients, PLR and NLR were positively correlated with the levels of hs- CRP, ESR, IL- 6, Disease Activity Score of 28 joints-ESR (DAS28-ESR), anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP), and rheumatoid factor (RF) before and after tofacitinib treatment. Tofacitinib treatment for 6 months significantly decreased hs-CRP, ESR, IL-6, CCP, RF and DAS28-ESR levels in the RA patients.@*CONCLUSION@#NLR and PLR can be useful biomarkers for assessing disease activity in RA patients treated with tofacitinib.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neutrophils , Retrospective Studies , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Lymphocytes
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1293-1300, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978681

ABSTRACT

A hydrophilic interaction chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method was developed for simultaneous quantification of 35 components in gualoupi injection. The analytes were separated with an ACQUITY XBridge Amide column using 20 mmol·L-1 ammonium formate aqueous solution (pH 3.0) as mobile phase A and 20 mmol·L-1 ammonium formate (pH 3.0)∶acetonitrile (1∶9) as mobile phase B for gradient elution. Mass spectrometry with dynamic multiple reaction monitoring and external standard method were used for quantitative analysis. A total of 35 components were determined in 10 batches of gualoupi injection. The results showed that the 35 compounds had a good linear relationship within their respective concentration ranges with the correlation coefficients (R2 > 0.998 0), the recoveries ranged from 76.6% to 118.5%. The results showed that γ-aminobutyric acid, trigonelline, alanine, threonine, homoserine, citrulline, and leucine were abundant in gualoupi injection, while nicotinamide, methylsuccinic acid, cytosine and choline account for a low percentege. The present study provides an important reference for elucidation of the effective material basis and the improvement of quality standard of gualoupi injection.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966407

ABSTRACT

Aristolochic acid (AA), extracted from Aristolochiaceae plants, plays an essential role in traditional herbal medicines and is used for different diseases. However, AA has been found to be nephrotoxic and is known to cause aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN).AA-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is a syndrome in AAN with a high morbidity that manifests mitochondrial damage as a key part of its pathological progression. Melatonin primarily serves as a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant. However, its mitochondrial protective role in AA-induced AKI is barely reported. In this study, mice were administrated 2.5 mg/kg AA to induce AKI. Melatonin reduced the increase in Upro and Scr and attenuated the necrosis and atrophy of renal proximal tubules in mice exposed to AA. Melatonin suppressed ROS generation, MDA levels and iNOS expression and increased SOD activities in vivo and in vitro. Intriguingly, the in vivo study revealed that melatonin decreased mitochondrial fragmentation in renal proximal tubular cells and increased ATP levels in kidney tissues in response to AA. In vitro, melatonin restored the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) in NRK-52E and HK-2 cells and led to an elevation in ATP levels. Confocal immunofluorescence data showed that puncta containing Mito-tracker and GFP-LC3A/B were reduced, thereby impeding the mitophagy of tubular epithelial cells. Furthermore, melatonin decreased LC3A/B-II expression and increased p62 expression. The apoptosis of tubular epithelial cells induced by AA was decreased. Therefore, our findings revealed that melatonin could prevent AA-induced AKI by attenuating mitochondrial damage, which may provide a potential therapeutic method for renal AA toxicity.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008874

ABSTRACT

In this study, ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS~E) was used to analyze the plasma components of Danzhi Xiaoyao Formula after oral administration. Forty-nine plasma components were found in the serum of rats by comparing the compound extract, drug-containing serum, and blank serum. Components, such as 6-hydroxycoumarin, poricoic acid F, deoxoglabrolide, 30-norhederagenin, kanzonol R, 3',6'-di-O-galloylpaeoniflorin, 16α-hydroxytrametenolic acid, 16-deoxyporicoic acid B, 3-O-acetyl-16α-hydroxytrametenolic acid, and 16α,25-dihydroxydehydroeburiconic acid, were first found in rat serum. Behavioral tests, including the tail suspension test, novel object recognition test, and novelty-suppressed feeding test, were conducted for behavioral analysis. It was confirmed that this formula had therapeutic effects on perimenopausal depression. Furthermore, in combination with the network pharmacology method, 53 core targets including MAPK1, HRAS, AKT1, EGFR, and ESR1 were screened, and these targets participated in 165 signaling pathways, including PI3K-AKT, AMPK, VEGFA, MAPK, and HIF-1. In summary, the potential effects of Danzhi Xiaoyao Formula in treating perimenopausal depression are associated with mechanisms in accelerating inflammation repair, improving neuroplasticity, affecting neurotransmitters, regulating estrogen levels, and promoting new blood vessel formation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Depression/drug therapy , Network Pharmacology , Perimenopause , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation
10.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 441-447, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956398

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between systemic inflammatory response index (SIRI) and clinical outcome of patients with massive cerebral infarction (MCI) after craniotomy and decompression.Methods:The clinical data of 50 MCI patients who were treated in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2016 to December 2020 and underwent craniotomy and decompression were retrospectively analyzed. The measurement data of normal distribution were expressed as xˉ± s, and the measurement data of non normal distribution were expressed as M( Q1, Q3). T-test or rank sum test was used for comparison between the two groups. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between SIRI and prognosis of MCI patients and establish a prediction model. The predictive value and optimal cutoff value of SIRI were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Results:Among the 50 MCI patients who underwent craniotomy and decompression, 12 (24%, 12/50) had a good prognosis; In the poor prognosis group, 38 cases (76%, 12/50), of which 9 cases (18%, 9/50) died during hospitalization. The age of patients in the good prognosis group and the poor prognosis group ((54±11) years and (63±9) years; t=2.72, P=0.015), body mass index (BMI): ((23.91±2.64) kg/m 2 and (26.72±3.28) kg/m 2, t=3.01, P=0.006)), neutrophil count (7.08 (5.12, 7.38))×10 9/L and 10.59 (8.91,14.64)×10 9/L, Z=5.72, P<0.001), white blood cell count ((9.09±2.80)×10 9/L and (13.20±3.49) ×10 9/L; t=4.16, P<0.001), SIRI (2.49(1.78, 4.75) and 8.34(5.17, 13.61); Z=3.84, P<0.001), Glasgow Coma Score (12(9,14) and 8(6,10); Z=3.36, P=0.002) and lymphocyte count (1.58(0.91, 1.91)×10 9/L and 0.77(0.59,1.02) ×10 9/L; Z=3.30, P=0.001).The difference between the two groups was statistically significant. The prognosis of patients with dominant hemisphere infarction was worse than that of patients with non-dominant hemisphere infarction (22 cases (91.67%, 22/24) vs. 16 cases (61.54%, 16/26); χ 2=6.21, P=0.013). The ICU stay in the good prognosis group was significantly shorter than that in the poor prognosis group (2 (1, 5) days vs. 8 (3, 19) days; Z=2.78, P=0.005). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that SIRI and GCS were correlated with clinical prognosis: SIRI ( OR: 2.378; 95% CI: 1.131-5.003; P=0.022); GCS at admission ( OR: 0.548; 95% CI: 0.307-0.980; P=0.043). The ROC curve analysis of SIRI prediction of poor prognosis: Area under the curve (AUC): 0.871, (95% CI: 0.765-0.976, P<0.001), sensitivity was 78.9%, specificity was 88.3%, and the optimal cut-off value was 4.96. The sensitivity, specificity and AUC of GCS for predicting poor prognosis after MCI craniotomy decompression were 89.5%, 58.3% and 0.791 (95% CI: 0.638~0.943, P=0.003), and the best truncation value was 11.5. Conclusion:SIRI was an effective predictor of clinical outcome for MCI patients underwent Craniotomy for decompression, and SIRI value greater than 4.96 indicates adverse clinical outcome.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3621-3625, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964315

ABSTRACT

An analytical method was developed for determination of 7 aminoglycosides antibiotics in bear bile powder by hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The samples were purified by mix-mode weak cation exchange and reversed-phase SPE. Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH Amide column (100 mm × 3.0 mm, 1.7 μm) was used with 0.2% formic acid aqueous solution-0.2% formic acid acetonitrile solution as mobile phases by gradient elution. The aminoglycosides were detected by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry in positive mode with multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. Spectinomycin, streptomycin, amikacin, kanamycin, tobramycin, apramycin and neomycin possessed good linear correlation in the respective concentration ranges, with the correlation coefficients more than 0.99. The mean recoveries at 3 spiked levels were in the range of 61.3%~127.3%, and the RSDs were 0.1%~1.9%. The limits of quantification were 0.2~1.0 mg·kg-1. The method had been applied to the analysis of actual samples.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006669

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To develop a prognosis model based on CT images using radiomics method for patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) and to investigate the additional prediction value of the imaging features of the contralateral normal femoral head regions for the prognosis prediction. 【Methods】 A total of 51 patients were included in this retrospective study. All the patients had preoperative CT images. For each patient, two regions of interest (ROIs) were involved, including the osteonecrosis region and the contralateral normal femoral head region. A total of 968 radiomics features were extracted for each patient. We made both the univariate and multivariable analyses. Three models were developed based on the features of osteonecrosis region, contralateral normal femoral head region, and both regions. The 10 times of repeated random experiments were used for model construction and validation. The average performance of the 10 times of experiments was reported as the results. 【Results】 For the features of osteonecrosis region, 37 features showed significant predictive value, with the mean AUC value of 0.708 2±0.029 9. The AUC of the constructed prediction model was 0.911 0±0.029 4 and 0.688 6±0.089 3 for the training set and validation set, respectively. For the features of contralateral normal femoral head region, 14 features showed significant predictive value, with the mean AUC value of 0.703 6±0.006 9. The AUC value of the constructed model for the training set and validation set was 0.867 2±0.039 5 and 0.669 0±0.072 6, respectively. For the models developed based on combined features, the AUC value was higher than that of the models developed based on osteonecrosis region features (training set: 0.935 8±0.016 6 vs. validation set: 0.737 9±0.090 8). 【Conclusion】 We developed a novel CT images-based radiomics method to predict postoperative prognosis in patients with ONFH. Furthermore, the features of contralateral normal femoral head region has additional prediction value. Combining the imaging features of osteonecrosis region and contralateral normal femoral head region can obtain more accurate prediction of prognosis in patients with ONFH.

13.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 68-71, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004985

ABSTRACT

Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis characterized by the infiltration of bone and multiple organs by foamy lipid-laden histiocytes. ECD is easy to be misdiagnosed due to its complicated clinical manifestations. We report a patient who visited the hospital due to hypothalamic dysfunction, with central nervous system, pancreas, and lower limb bones involvements. Together with the evidence of clinical manifestations, imaging and pathology, this patient was diagnosed with ECD. After treatment with interferon-α, both the clinical symptoms and imaging manifestations of this patient were significantly improved.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936461

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveAn analytical method was developed for the qualitative screening of 52 illegally adulterated weight-losing compounds in foods by ultra high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. MethodsThe samples were extracted by methanol. Waters CORTECS T3 column (100 mm×2.1 mm, 2.7 μm) was used with acetonitrile -0.1% formic acid aqueous solution as mobile phases by gradient elution. The compounds were detected by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and Q-TOF-MS detector in positive and negative ion mode. A standard spectrum library was established by reference standards, and the qualitative analysis was finished by the comparison of the retention time, parent ion and fragment ion accurate molecular mass of each compound in the sample and the library. ResultsThe method was specific without interference of blank matrix, and repeatable in sextuplicate. The detection limits of 52 compounds in 5 matrix were 1‒100 mg‧kg-1. The method was successfully applied to the analysis of actual samples,and 16 compounds were checked out in 246 samples. ConclusionThe method is accurate, specific and sensitive, which can be used to combat the illegal adulteration behavior effectively.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936344

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the efficacy of GelMA hydrogel loaded with bone marrow stem cell-derived exosomes for repairing injured rat knee articular cartilage.@*METHODS@#The supernatant of cultured bone marrow stem cells was subjected to ultracentrifugation separate and extract the exosomes, which were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, particle size analysis and Western blotting of the surface markers. The changes in rheology and electron microscopic features of GelMA hydrogel were examined after loading the exosomes. We assessed exosome release from the hydrogel was detected by BCA protein detection method, and labeled the exosomes with PKH26 red fluorescent dye to observe their phagocytosis by RAW264.7 cells. The effects of the exosomes alone, unloaded hydrogel, and exosome-loaded hydrogel on the polarization of RAW264.7 cells were detected by q-PCR and immunofluorescence assay. We further tested the effect of the exosome-loaded hydrogel on cartilage repair in a Transwell co-culture cell model of RAW264.7 cells and chondrocytes in a rat model of knee cartilage injury using q-PCR and immunofluorescence assay and HE and Masson staining.@*RESULTS@#GelMA hydrogel loaded with exosomes significantly promoted M2-type polarization of RAW264.7 cells (P < 0.05). In the Transwell co-culture model, the exosome-loaded GelMA hydrogel significantly promoted the repair of injured chondrocytes by regulating RAW264.7 cell transformation from M1 to M2 (P < 0.05). HE and Masson staining showed that the exosome-loaded hydrogel obviously promoted cartilage repair in the rat models damage.@*CONCLUSION@#GelMA hydrogel loaded with bone marrow stem cell-derived exosomes can significantly promote the repair of cartilage damage in rats by improving the immune microenvironment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Bone Marrow Cells , Cartilage , Chondrocytes , Exosomes , Hydrogels/metabolism
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 571-583, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927536

ABSTRACT

Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a global health burden. Timely and effective antiviral therapy is beneficial for patients with HBV infection. With existing antiviral drugs, including nucleos(t)ide analogs and interferon-alfa, patients can achieve viral suppression with improved prognosis. However, the rate of hepatitis B surface antigen loss is low. To achieve a functional cure and even complete cure in chronic hepatitis B patients, new antivirals need to be developed. In this review, we summarized the advantages and disadvantages of existing antiviral drugs and focused on new antivirals including direct-acting antiviral drugs and immunotherapeutic approaches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B/drug therapy , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy
17.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 468-471, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958390

ABSTRACT

Supermicrosurgery is a hot topic in the field of microsurgery and reconstruction. The core concept of supermicrosurgery is precision and minimally invasive, which coincides with the concept of maxillofacial reconstruction. Oral and maxillofacial regions play an important role in aesthetics and function, and the structure of oral and maxillofacial tissues is complex. Various types of flaps, especially vascularised free flaps, are required for the repair of various complex maxillofacial defects. However, at present, conventional microsurgery does meet the requirement of mandibular reconstruction in special cases. Super microsurgical technique can further supplement the deficiency of conventional methods of repair and reconstruction in maxillofacial reconstruction. Under the guidance, many new methods of maxillofacial surgery have inevitably emerged. The application of supermicrosurgery in maxillofacial head and neck is still in its early stage, and there are still many difficulties to overcome and many technical issues to be furtherresolved. Supermicrosurgery is not only an advanced technique, but also an advanced concept in surgery. Supermicrosurgery is expected to show its clinical value in oral and maxillofacial reconstruction. In this paper, the application of supermicrosurgery in maxillofacial reconstruction is reviewed and its application prospect is prospected.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the dose-effect relationship of compound lidocaine hydrochloride for transverse abdominal plane-rectus abdominis sheath block (TAP-RSB) for postoperative analgesia in elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic radical colon cancer surgery with general anesthesia.Methods:Elderly patients of either sex, aged≥65 yr, with body mass index <30 kg/m 2, of American Society Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ-Ⅲ, undergoing elective laparoscopic radical colon cancer surgery with general anesthesia, were selected.After induction of general anesthesia, compound lidocaine hydrochloride was given under ultrasound guidance for bilateral TAP block (20 ml on each side) and for bilateral RSB (10 ml on each side), with the initial concentration of 0.4%.Each time the concentration increased/decreased in the next patient depending on whether or not the analgesia was effective.The ratio between the two successive concentrations was 1.00∶1.15.The analgesic effects were evaluated by the Numerical Rating Scale at 1 h intervals from the time of postoperative admission to the post-anesthesia care unit until 8 h after TAP-RSB (Numerical Rating Scale ≤ 3 was considered as effective analgesia). The probit method was used to calculate the half effective concentration (EC 50) and 95% effective concentration (EC 95) and 95% confidence interval of compound lidocaine hydrochloride. Results:The EC 50 and EC 95(95% confidence interval)of compound lidocaine hydrochloride for TAP-RSB were 0.289% (0.232%-0.352%) and 0.404% (0.345%-0.970%), respectively, when used for postoperative analgesia in elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic radical colon cancer surgery with general anesthesia. Conclusions:The EC 50 and EC 95 of compound lidocaine hydrochloride for TAP-RSB are 0.289% and 0.404%, respectively, when used for postoperative analgesia in elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic radical colon cancer surgery with general anesthesia.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957255

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prognostic efficacy of the Chinese Group on the Study of Severe Hepatitis B (COSSH) acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) II score (COSSH ACLF IIs) and associated risk stratification in predicting short-term prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus-related ACLF (HBV-ACLF).Methods:Clinical data of 224 patients with HBV-ACLF admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College and the First Hospital of Quanzhou, Fujian Medical University from January 2018 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into survival group ( n=171) and fatal group ( n=53) according to 28-day survival status. The values of the COSSH ACLF IIs, the Chronic Liver Failure-Consortium (CLIF-C) ACLF score (CLIF-C ACLFs), the CLIF-C organ failure score (CLIF-C OFs), the Model of End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score (MELDs), the MELD-sodium score (MELD-Nas), and the Child-Turcotte-Pugh score (CTPs) for 28-day mortality prediction were compared using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). The patients were divided into groups according to COSSH ACLF classification and COSSH ACLF IIs risk stratification, respectively. The differences in 28-day mortality between groups were compared by Kaplan-Meir method, and the consistency of the two ACLF classification systems was compared by Kappa consistency test. Results:The AUC, sensitivity, and specificity of the COSSH ACLF IIs in 28-day mortality prediction were 0.885, 0.981 and 0.731, respectively. For predicting 28-day mortality, the COSSH ACLF IIs achieved a higher AUC than the CLIF-C OFs, the MELDs, the MELD-Nas, and the CTPs ( P<0.01), while there was no significant difference in AUC between the COSSH ACLF IIs and the CLIF-C ACLFs ( Z=1.696, P=0.090). The cumulative 28-day mortality rates significantly increased with the ascending of COSSH ACLF grade and risk strata of the COSSH ACLF IIs (11.7%, 43.5% and 93.3%, P<0.001; 14.2%, 41.0% and 81.3%, P<0.001). The two ACLF grading systems showed a consistency in severity stratification of HBV-ACLF patients (Kappa=0.478, P<0.001). Conclusion:The COSSH ACLF IIs shows an excellent prognostic performance in predicting short-term mortality of HBV-ACLF patients. Using the new risk stratification scale can simplify the severity stratification of HBV-ACLF patients.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954133

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between malnutrition and early neurological deterioration (END) after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods:Patients with ischemic stroke received intravenous thrombolysis in the Department of Neurology, Nanjing Jiangbei People's Hospital from January 2018 to December 2021 were retrospectively enrolled. Nutritional status was assessed by geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI). END was defined as an increase of ≥4 in the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score within 24 h after intravenous thrombolysis compared with the baseline value. The demographic and baseline clinical data of the patients in the END group and the non-END group were compared. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent correlation between malnutrition and END. Results:A total of 256 patients were enrolled, including 156 males (60.9%), aged 65.6±12.0 years. According to GNRI and PNI, there were 122 (46.7%) and 62 (24.2%) patients with malnutrition respectively. END occurred in 37 patients (14.5%) during hospitalization. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for other confounding factors, there was a significant independent correlation between malnutrition and END after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke (severe malnutrition as assessed by GNRI compared to normal nutritional status: odds ratio 5.736, 95% confidence interval 1.033-31.866, P=0.046; severe malnutrition as assessed by PNI compared to normal nutritional status: odds ratio 4.928, 95% confidence interval 1.589-15.282, P=0.006). Conclusion:Malnutrition is very common in patients with acute ischemic stroke and has a significant correlation with END after intravenous thrombolysis.

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