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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1708-1712, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998890

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the association between anthropometric parameters and 20 meter shuttle run test (20 m SRT) score among children and adolescents.@*Methods@#The convenient sampling method was conducted to select 3 192 primary and secondary school students in Baoan District, Shenzhen, based on the street school types school from April to May 2019. Height, weight, 20 m SRT score and general demographic indicators were assessed and collected. Individuals were divided into two groups based on the dose response correlation between different anthropometric parameters (the Z score of height, weight and BMI) and 20 m SRT score analyzed with the restricted cubic spline. The association between the Z score of height and 20 m SRT score was further analyzed using the Spearman correlation analysis. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze separately the relationship different anthropometric parameters and 20 m SRT score.@*Results@#The Z value of weight and 20 m SRT score showed a non linear dose response association ( P <0.01), the significant but weak linear correlation between the Z value of height and 20 m SRT score ( r=0.06, P <0.05). The prevalence rate on the low level of the Z value of 20 m SRT score in 3 192 children and adolescents was 44.7%, and the gender ( χ 2=14.02, P <0.01) and grade difference ( χ 2=93.28, P <0.01) were both statistically significant. There was no significant relationship between the Z value of height and 20 m SRT score grade among total population, different genders and different grades ( P > 0.05). Compared with the reference group on the Z value of weight ≤-0.23, individuals with the Z value of weight >-0.23 had the low level of 20 m SRT score ( OR =0.61, P <0.05). Compared with the reference group on the Z value of BMI ≤ 0.25, individuals with the Z value of weight >0.25 had the low level of 20 m SRT score ( OR =0.45, P <0.05). Stratified for gender and grade, the above significant relationship on the Z value of weight, Z value of BMI and 20 m SRT score were still observed ( P <0.01).@*Conclusions@#The higher height Z value shows on correlations with 20 m SRT score, but the positive association is found between weight and BMI Z value and the 20 m SRT score. The cardiopulmonary fitness improvement may be more effective among children and adolescents when tuking weight and BMI Z scores into consideration.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2521-2523, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998803

ABSTRACT

‍Hepatitis E is a type of viral hepatitis caused by hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection. There are four main genotypes of HEV, namely genotypes 1‍ — ‍4. Compared with hepatitis B and hepatitis C, previous research on hepatitis E has made slow progress; however, in recent years, hepatitis E has gradually attracted more attention in China, achieving the transition from behind the scenes to the front stage. First, China has a large population base, a large number of people infected with hepatitis E, and a heavy disease burden, and thus it is necessary to attach great importance to the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of hepatitis E. Second, the World Health Organization (WHO) has put forward the ambitious goal of eliminating viral hepatitis by 2030, and China has made remarkable achievements in the prevention and treatment of hepatitis B and hepatitis C. At present, the incidence and mortality rates of hepatitis E in China have exceeded those of hepatitis A, and the prevention and treatment of hepatitis E in China is of great significance to actively respond to the call of the WHO. Finally, Chinese researchers in the field of hepatitis E have formed Chinese Consortium for the Study of Hepatitis E, formulated related expert consensus, and established international cooperation platforms, which further promotes the research on hepatitis E in China.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2026-2030, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998484

ABSTRACT

AIM: To revise the referral criteria for the SPOT Vision Screener in children under 6 years old and assessed its accuracy based on the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus(AAPOS)uniform guidelines for instrument-based pediatric vision screen validation 2021.METHODS: Children who visited the Maternal and Child Health Center of Yuhuatai District in Nanjing city from January 2022 to April 2023 were included in the study and underwent SPOT refractive screening, cycloplegic retinoscopy, and other examinations. Abnormal children were defined according to AAPOS guidelines with amblyopia risk factors(ARFs)and visually significant refractive error(VSRE). Receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve was used to calculate the optimal referral criteria and compared with manufacturer criteria, Wu's criteria, and Peterseim's criteria.RESULTS: A total of 959 children were examined, with 342 in the &#x003C;4-year-old group and 617 in the ≥4-year-old group. The optimal referral criteria for the &#x003C;4-year-old group were myopia ≤-2.75 D, hyperopia ≥+2.25 D, astigmatism ≤-2.75 D, and anisometropia ≥1.00 D. For the ≥4-year-old group, the criteria were myopia ≤-1.75 D, hyperopia ≥+2.00 D, astigmatism ≤-2.25 D, and anisometropia ≥1.00 D. The Youden index was 0.38 and 0.52, respectively, which were higher than other criteria.CONCLUSION: The use of new referral criteria for refractive screening in children under 6 years old demonstrates higher accuracy compared to previous criteria. It provides valuable guidance for pediatric eye care and vision health in children.

4.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 577-585, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010185

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop and validate a user-friendly risk score for older mitral regurgitation (MR) patients, referred to as the Elder-MR score.@*METHODS@#The China Senile Valvular Heart Disease (China-DVD) Cohort Study functioned as the development cohort, while the China Valvular Heart Disease (China-VHD) Study was employed for external validation. We included patients aged 60 years and above receiving medical treatment for moderate or severe MR (2274 patients in the development cohort and 1929 patients in the validation cohort). Candidate predictors were chosen using Cox's proportional hazards model and stepwise selection with Akaike's information criterion.@*RESULTS@#Eight predictors were identified: age ≥ 75 years, body mass index < 20 kg/m2, NYHA class III/IV, secondary MR, anemia, estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2, albumin < 35 g/L, and left ventricular ejection fraction < 60%. The model displayed satisfactory performance in predicting one-year mortality in both the development cohort (C-statistic = 0.73, 95% CI: 0.69-0.77, Brier score = 0.06) and the validation cohort (C-statistic = 0.73, 95% CI: 0.68-0.78, Brier score = 0.06). The Elder-MR score ranges from 0 to 15 points. At a one-year follow-up, each point increase in the Elder-MR score represents a 1.27-fold risk of death (HR = 1.27, 95% CI: 1.21-1.34, P < 0.001) in the development cohort and a 1.24-fold risk of death (HR = 1.24, 95% CI: 1.17-1.30, P < 0.001) in the validation cohort. Compared to EuroSCORE II, the Elder-MR score demonstrated superior predictive accuracy for one-year mortality in the validation cohort (C-statistic = 0.71 vs. 0.70, net reclassification improvement = 0.320, P < 0.01; integrated discrimination improvement = 0.029, P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The Elder-MR score may serve as an effective risk stratification tool to assist clinical decision-making in older MR patients.

5.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 410-415, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981956

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to explore transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) findings of prostate cancer (PCa) guided by multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and to improve the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) system for avoiding unnecessary mpMRI-guided targeted biopsy (TB). From January 2018 to October 2019, fusion mpMRI and TRUS-guided biopsies were performed in 162 consecutive patients. The study included 188 suspicious lesions on mpMRI in 156 patients, all of whom underwent mpMRI-TRUS fusion imaging-guided TB and 12-core transperineal systematic biopsy (SB). Univariate analyses were performed to investigate the relationship between TRUS features and PCa. Then, logistic regression analysis with generalized estimating equations was performed to determine the independent predictors of PCa and obtain the fitted probability of PCa. The detection rates of PCa based on TB alone, SB alone, and combined SB and TB were 55.9% (105 of 188), 52.6% (82 of 156), and 62.8% (98 of 156), respectively. The significant predictors of PCa on TRUS were hypoechogenicity (odds ratio [OR]: 9.595, P = 0.002), taller-than-wide shape (OR: 3.539, P = 0.022), asymmetric vascular structures (OR: 3.728, P = 0.031), close proximity to capsule (OR: 3.473, P = 0.040), and irregular margins (OR: 3.843, P = 0.041). We propose subgrouping PI-RADS score 3 into categories 3a, 3b, 3c, and 3d based on different numbers of TRUS predictors, as the creation of PI-RADS 3a (no suspicious ultrasound features) could avoid 16.7% of mpMRI-guided TBs. Risk stratification of PCa with mpMRI-TRUS fusion imaging-directed ultrasound features could avoid unnecessary mpMRI-TBs.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Prostate/pathology , Image-Guided Biopsy/methods
6.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 62-67, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995698

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impact of serum carbamoyl phosphate synthase 1 (CPS1) level on prognosis of patients with hepatitis E-related acute liver failure (HEV-ALF).Methods:This retrospective analysis included 100 HEV-ALF patients, 100 patients with acute hepatitis E (AHE) and 100 healthy controls who admitted or underwent health checkup from December 2018 to June 2019 in six hospitals, including the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine. HEV-ALF patients were divided into non-survial ( n=21) and survival ( n=79) subgroups according to results of 30-day follow-up results. HEV-ALF patients were also divided into the high ( n=50) and low ( n=50) serum CPS1 level groups. HEV-ALF patients were further divided into the improvement ( n=55), fluctuation ( n=32) and deterioration ( n=13) subgroups. The general clinical data from all participants were collected. Serum CPS1 levels were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The survival time in the high and low serum CPS1 level groups were presented in the Kaplan-Meier curve. The correlation between serum CPS1 level and HEV-ALF related conventional parameters was also analyzed by linear regression. The efficacy of serum CPS1 level on predicting the 30-day mortality of HEV-ALF patients was estimated by the receiver operating characteristic curve and area under curve (AUC). Results:Serum CPS1 level was significantly higher in HEV-ALF patients than in AHE patients [958.59 (665.52, 1 105.83) pg/ml vs 549.38 (495.02, 649.08) pg/ml, P<0.001], and serum CPS1 level was significantly higher in AHE patients than in healthy controls [549.38 (495.02, 649.08) pg/ml vs 469.89 (373.32, 564.53) pg/ml, P<0.001]. The level of serum CPS1 was significantly lower in the HEV-ALF survival group than in the HEV-ALF non-survival group [922.6 (652.7, 1, 042.3) pg/ml vs 1 252.8 (933.3, 1 555.8) pg/ml, P<0.001]. In addition, the survival time was shorter in the high serum CPS1 level group than in the low serum CPS1 level group [24.59 (22.11, 27.06) d vs 28.16 (26.25, 30.07) d, P=0.045]. Serum CPS1 levels were increased in the fluctuation and deterioration groups [Fluctuation: 1 328.3 (1 184.3, 1 964.0) pg/ml vs 1 245.7 (1 102.0, 1 937.6) pg/ml, P<0.01; Deterioration: 1 483.6 (1 275.9, 1 656.8) pg/ml vs 1 332.2 (1 197.4, 1 509.8) pg/ml, P<0.01], while decreased in the improvement group [810.3 (599.7, 904.5) pg/ml vs 922.6 (679.5, 1 039.6) pg/ml, P<0.01] over time. Besides, a linear positive correlation was found between serum CPS1 level and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and total bilirubin (TBIL) (ALT: r=0.339, P<0.001; TBIL: r=0.304, P=0.002). The AUC of serum CPS1 level to predict the 30-day mortality of HEV-ALF patients was 0.803 (95% CI 0.666-0.941), the sensitivity and specificity were 66.67% and 97.47%, respectively. Conclusion:Serum CPS1 level was significantly increased in HEV-ALF patients, and closely related to the prognosis of patients with HEV-ALF.

7.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 109-112, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994552

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the cost-effectiveness of alfacalcidol and cinacalcet for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in dialysis patients compared with parathyroidectomy.Methods:A total of 60 patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism treated at the Third People's Hospital of Chengdu from 2011 to 2020 were studied, patients were randomly divided into three groups: cinacalcet group, alfacalcidol group and parathyroidectomy group, with 20 cases in each group.Result:The improvement rate of bone pain and skin pruritis in parathyroidectomy group were higher than that in cinacalcet group and alfacalcidol group ( χ2=16.282, P<0.001; χ2=12.823, P=0.002). After 12 months of treatment, iPTH in the parathyroidectomy group and the cinacalcet group was significantly lower than that in the alfacalcidol group ( HR=1.36, 95% CI: 1.00-1.72, P<0.001; HR=1.27, 95% CI: 0.91-1.63, P<0.001); Serum calcium in the parathyroidectomy group was significantly lower than that of the other two groups ( HR=0.18, 95% CI: 0.12-0.24, P<0.001; HR=0.14, 95% CI: 0.08-0.20, P<0.001). The cost of complications management in the parathyroidectomy group was the lowest ( H=40.534, P<0.001), with bone pain being the most cost concern ( H=38.494, P<0.001). Patients with iPTH>2 800 pg/ml had the highest costs than with 800~1 800/ml and 1 800~2 800/ml ( H=43.798, 37.260, P<0.001). Conclusion:Surgical treatment should be the first choice for patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism, especially for patients with iPTH>2 800 pg/ml and bone pain.

8.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 130-135, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994455

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between food-specific IgG (sIgG) antibodies and phenotypes of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) .Methods:Serum samples were collected from outpatients with active CSU, symptomatic dermographism (SD) , or acute urticaria (AU) , and healthy controls from 5 third-grade class-A hospitals such as the First Hospital of China Medical University between April 2014 and March 2015. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was conducted to detect serum levels of 90 food-sIgG antibodies and total IgE, Western blot analysis to detect levels of 20 allergen-specific IgE antibodies, and chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay to detect levels of anti-thyroid peroxidase IgG antibodies and anti-thyroglobulin IgG antibodies. Comparisons of normally distributed quantitative data between two groups and among several groups were performed by t test and one-way analysis of variance, respectively; comparisons of non-normally distributed quantitative data between two groups were performed by Mann-Whitney U test; for comparisons of proportions, chi-square test and Fisher′s exact test were used. Results:A total of 248 patients with CSU, 22 with SD, 15 with AU and 13 healthy controls were recruited. The cut-off level for sIgG positivity was 100 U/ml (at least 2+) , and the positive rate of food-sIgG antibodies was slightly higher in the patients with CSU (176/248, 70.97%) , SD (15/22, 68.18%) and AU (11/15) than in the healthy controls (7/13; χ2 = 1.80, P = 0.615) . Among the 248 CSU patients, the proportion of patients with family history of allergic diseases was significantly higher in the sIgG-positive group (71/176, 40.34%) than in the sIgG-negative group (19/72, 26.39%; χ2 = 4.30, P = 0.042) , while no significant difference was observed in the 1-day urticaria activity score (UASday) between the two groups ( Z = 0.18, P = 0.859) . Totally, 177 CSU patients completed 12- to 40-week treatment; their condition could be completely controlled by second-generation H1-antihistamines, and there was no significant difference in the required dosage of second-generation H1-antihistamines between the sIgG-positive group (128 cases) and sIgG-negative group (49 cases; Z = -1.06, P = 0.298) . Conclusions:The prevalence of family history of allergic diseases was relatively high in food-sIgG-positive patients with CSU. However, food-sIgG could not be used as an indicator to reflect the disease activity of CSU and treatment response.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 40-45, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993774

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy and safety of Tofacitinib in treating elderly rheumatoid arthritis(RA), in order to provide clinical evidence.Methods:In the randomized control trial, a total of 90 elderly RA patients admitted to the Department of Rheumatology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2019 to January 2021 were selected and divided into Methotrexate group(MTX group, MTX 10mg, qw, n=45)and Tofacitinib group(TOF group, oral 5mg, bid, n=45). The efficacy and safety of the two groups were evaluated at week 12.The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients meeting the American College of Rheumatology 50%(ACR50)improvement response criteria at week 12.Secondary endpoints included ACR20/70 improvement response, proportion of patients who met treat-to-target(T2T)criteria, including Disease Activity Score in 28 joints using erythrocyte sedimentation rate(DAS28-ESR), Disease Activity Score in 28 joints using C-reactive protein level(DAS28-CRP), clinical disease activity index(CDAI), and simplified disease activity index(SDAI), and patient-reported outcomes(PROs)which included changes compared to baseline in pain visual analog scale(VAS)and Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index(HAQ-DI)score, at week 12.Safety outcomes including drug-related adverse events, serious adverse events, dropping out due to adverse events, and deaths were assessed throughout.Results:Five patients in each group withdrew from the trial due to adverse events, and the number of patients who finally completed the observation was 40 in each group.At week 12, the ACR50 response rate was higher in TOF group than in MTX group[35%(14/40) vs.12.5%(5/40), χ2=5.591, P=0.018)], achieving the primary endpoint.When comparing TOF vs.MTX group, the ACR20 response rate[55%(22/40) vs.25%(10/40), χ2=7.500, P=0.006]and ACR70 response rate[25%(10/40) vs.7.5%(3/40), χ2=4.501, P=0.034], and proportions of indexes of disease remission including DAS28-ESR<2.6[25%(11/40) vs.7.5%(3/40), χ2=4.501, P=0.034], or DAS28-CRP<2.6[27.5%(11/40) vs.7.5%(3/40), χ2=5.541, P=0.019], or CDAI≤2.8[30%(12/40) vs.10%(4/40), χ2=5.000, P=0.025], or SDAI≤3.3[27.5%(11/40) vs.7.5%(3/40), χ2=5.541, P=0.019], and the proportions of patients with low disease activity including DAS28-ESR≤3.2[32.5%(14/40) vs.12.5%(5/40), χ2=5.591, P=0.018], or DAS28-CRP≤3.2[32.5%(14/40) vs.12.5%(5/40), χ2=5.591, P=0.018], or CDAI≤10[37.5%(15/40) vs.17.5%(7/40), χ2=4.013, P=0.045], or SDAI≤11[37.5%(15/40) vs.15%(6/40), χ2=5.230, P=0.022], as well as changes compared to baseline data in pain VAS[(26.51±8.32)scores vs.(14.16±4.39)scores, t=8.371, P<0.001]and in HAQ-DI score(0.65±0.24 vs.0.32±0.06, t=9.387, P<0.001)were all better in the TOF group than in the MTX group at week 12.During the 12-week observation period, the number of patients with infection and hyperlipidemia was higher in TOF group than in MTX group, while the number of patients with abnormal blood cell count and liver function was lower than that in MTX group, but the differences were not statistically significant(all P<0.05). Conclusions:Tofacitinib has good efficacy and safety in the elderly RA.In patients over 70 years of age who are at high risk of infection, tofacitinib should be used with caution.

10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 691-694,699, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992362

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of intravenous anesthesia on the detection rate of lesions in diagnostic gastroscopy.Methods:A total of 9 071 subjects who underwent diagnostic gastroscopy at the Digestive Endoscopy Center of Yangzhou University Affiliated Hospital from March 2021 to February 2022 were selected. Data were collected from the gastroscopy quality control system, including age, gender, examination physician, Helicobacter pylori infection, examination method, withdrawal time, number of images left, number of biopsies, biopsy site, gastroscopy diagnosis, pathological diagnosis, etc. They were divided into anesthesia group and general group based on the examination method, and propensity score matching (PSM) was performed on the two groups of subjects. Excluding confounding factors, the detection of lesion location and lesion type in two groups of subjects was analyzed; Simultaneously, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors of the detection rate of precancerous lesions and malignant tumors in the upper gastrointestinal tract.Results:After PSM, 1 655 subjects were included in both groups. In terms of lesion location, the detection rate of gastric body lesions in the anesthesia group was higher than that in the general group ( P<0.05), and the detection rate of esophageal lesions in the anesthesia group was lower than that in the general group ( P<0.05); In terms of lesion types, the detection rate of precancerous lesions such as gastric polyps, mucosal protrusions, mucosal atrophy, and intestinal metaplasia in the anesthesia group was higher than that in the general group (all P<0.05). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that intravenous anesthesia was an independent influencing factor for the detection rate of precancerous lesions and malignant tumors in diagnostic gastroscopy ( OR=1.338, 95% CI: 1.070-1.674, P<0.05). Conclusions:Intravenous anesthesia is an independent influencing factor for the detection rate of precancerous lesions and malignant tumors in diagnostic gastroscopy, and can improve the detection rate of upper gastrointestinal lesions.

11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 112-119, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969852

ABSTRACT

CRISPR/Cas(the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats-CRISPR associated)system exists in most bacteria and all archaea. It is an important strategy for bacteria and archaea to resist foreign nucleic acid invasion and use for self-defense. The CRISPR/Cas system is a simple, fast, and specific diagnostic tool, which is widely used in agriculture, industry, animal husbandry, and medicine. This article mainly introduces and discusses recently advantages and limitations of biosensors combining CRISPR/Cas system with fluorescence, visualization and surface enhanced raman related technologies, as well as future research directions.


Subject(s)
Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Bacteria/genetics , Archaea
12.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1136-1142, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013901

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of CPD1, a novel phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor, on lung pathological phenotype and epithelial-mesenchymal transition of alveolar epithelial cells in lung fibrosis model rats caused by paraquat (PQ). Methods Lung fibrosis model was constructed by a single intraperitoneal injection of PQ (30 mg·kg

13.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1703-1716, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010631

ABSTRACT

Understanding the fundamental processes of human brain development and diseases is of great importance for our health. However, existing research models such as non-human primate and mouse models remain limited due to their developmental discrepancies compared with humans. Over the past years, an emerging model, the "brain organoid" integrated from human pluripotent stem cells, has been developed to mimic developmental processes of the human brain and disease-associated phenotypes to some extent, making it possible to better understand the complex structures and functions of the human brain. In this review, we summarize recent advances in brain organoid technologies and their applications in brain development and diseases, including neurodevelopmental, neurodegenerative, psychiatric diseases, and brain tumors. Finally, we also discuss current limitations and the potential of brain organoids.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Humans , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Brain/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Neurodegenerative Diseases/pathology , Organoids/pathology
14.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 161-167, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981850

ABSTRACT

With the advance of molecular biology, DNA analysis technology has been widely applied in forensic science. Non-human DNA analysis can be used in some special cases and has unique forensic value to provide investigation clues and trial basis. Animal DNA typing plays a more prominent role in the detection of all kinds of non-human DNA related cases and is the main content of forensic non-human DNA analysis. This paper reviews the development history, present situation, advantages and disadvantages of animal DNA typing according to its technology, characteristic, challenges facing forensic science application scenarios, and also its future development.


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA Fingerprinting , Forensic Medicine , DNA/analysis , Forensic Sciences , Molecular Biology , Forensic Genetics
15.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 144-150, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981848

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To identify 1-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl) pentan-1-one (4-F-α-PVP) analog 1-(4-fluoro-3-methyl phenyl)-2-(1-pyrrolidinyl) pentan-1-one (4-F-3-Methyl-α-PVP) hydrochloride without reference substance.@*METHODS@#The direct-injection electron ionization-mass spectrometry (EI-MS), GC-MS, electrospray ionization-high resolution mass spectrometry (ESI-HRMS), ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-high resolution tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-HRMS/MS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), ion chromatography and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were integrated utilized to achieve the structural analysis and characterization of the unknown compound in the sample, and the cleavage mechanism of the fragment ions was deduced by EI-MS and UPLC-HRMS/MS.@*RESULTS@#By analyzing the direct-injection EI-MS, GC-MS, ESI-HRMS and UPLC-HRMS/MS of the compound in the samples, it was concluded that the unknown compound was a structural analog of 4-F-α-PVP, possibly with one more methyl group in the benzene ring. According to the analysis results of 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR, it was further proved that the methyl group is located at the 3-position of the benzene ring. Since the actual number of hydrogen in 1H-NMR analysis was one more than 4-F-3-Methyl-α-PVP neutral molecule, it was inferred that the compound existed in the form of salt. Ion chromatography analysis results showed that the compound contained chlorine anion (content 11.14%-11.16%), with the structural analysis of main functional group information by FTIR, the unknown compound was finally determined to be 4-F-3-Methyl-α-PVP hydrochloride.@*CONCLUSIONS@#A comprehensive method using EI-MS, GC-MS, ESI-HRMS, UPLC-HRMS/MS, NMR, ion chromatography and FTIR to identify 4-F-3-Methyl-α-PVP hydrochloride in samples is established, which will be helpful for the forensic science laboratory to identify this compound or other analog compounds.


Subject(s)
Benzene , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry/methods , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1295-1298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978622

ABSTRACT

Increasing prevalence and incidence of diabetes mellitus(DM)-the most common chronic consumptive disease worldwide-has a devastating impact on people's daily lives, particularly through the deterioration or complete loss of vision brought on by diabetic retinopathy(DR). Therefore, it is imperative to investigate the pathogenesis and effective treatment of DR. Meanwhile, Pueraria lobata is the extensively used dried root of kudzu or dried kudzu, also known as Pueraria flavonoids. Moreover, its roots are primarily composed of isoflavones, Pueroside ABC, triterpenes, and alkaloids, which can calm cardio-cerebrovascular smooth muscle and enhance microcirculation. Currently, it is widely employed for the treatment of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases, osteonecrosis, DM and its complications, neurodegenerative disorders, endometriosis and tumor diseases. Inhibiting retinal neovascularization, alleviating ischemia and hypoxia, decreasing advanced glycation end products in diabetes, raising insulin-like growth factor(IGF)expression while decreasing tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-a)expression, decreasing vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)expression, reducing retinal nerve cell death, inhibiting the NOD-like receptor protein 3(NLRP3)inflammatory pathway and inhibiting ferroptosis are all mechanisms by which puerarin(Pue)has been found to protect the retina in recent studies. Thus, this article summarizes the current comprehension of the mechanism and protective effect of Pue on diabetic retina, serving as a guidepost for its future development and application.

17.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 552-561, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971892

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between the polymorphism of the microsomal triglyceride transport protein (MTTP) gene at rs1800591 locus and the risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the elderly population. Methods The clinical cohort of this study was established in Menkuang Hospital, Beijing Jingmei Group General Hospital. A total of 1098 healthy elderly volunteers were recruited for physical examination in communities in Mentougou District of Beijing, China, from January 11, 2020 to September 30, 2021, among whom there were 614 patients with NAFLD and 484 individuals without NAFLD. Gene microarray was used to determine the genotypes of MTTP rs1800591; demographic data were collected, and blood biochemical parameters were measured. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The chi-square test was used to investigate whether the distribution of genotype frequency was in accordance with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The unconditional logistic regression model was used to calculate odds ratio ( OR ) and its 95% confidence interval ( CI ) to investigate the association of gene polymorphism with the risk of NAFLD and other comorbidities. Results There were significant differences in sex and age between the two groups ( P < 0.05). Compared with the non-NAFLD group, the NAFLD group had significantly higher levels of body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio, triglyceride, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, controlled attenuation parameter (CAP), and liver stiffness measurement and a significantly lower level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (all P < 0.05). Compared with the non-NAFLD group, the NAFLD group had a significantly higher proportion of patients with hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome (all P < 0.05). The distribution of genotype frequency at MTTP rs1800591 locus was in accordance with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in the control group ( χ 2 =1.097, P =0.29). There were a significant differences in the genotype and the distribution of alleles at MTTP rs1800591 locus between the patients with NAFLD and the control group (all P < 0.001). In the total population, there was a significantly lower carrying rate of T allele (GT+TT, n =351) in male individuals, and the individuals carrying T allele had significantly higher BMI and CAP than those carrying GG allele ( n =747) ( P < 0.001). Compared with the individuals who did not carry T allele, the individuals carrying T allele (GT+TT, n =232) had a significantly higher proportion of patients with obesity and a significantly lower NFS score ( P < 0.05). As for the individuals with NAFLD, the individuals carrying T allele had a significantly lower proportion of male individuals, a significantly lower waist-hip ratio, and a significantly higher level of HDL compared with those who did not carry T allele (GG, n =382), and the GT+TT group had a significantly lower NFS score than the GG group (all P < 0.05). The non-conditional logistic regression analysis showed that after adjustment for the confounding factors of sex, age, and BMI, the GT+TT genotype at MTTP rs1800591 locus significantly increased the risk of NAFLD ( OR =1.643, 95% CI : 1.226-2.203, P =0.001), and carrying T allele also increased the risk of obesity in the total population ( OR =1.371, 95% CI : 1.051-1.788, P =0.02). Conclusion MTTP rs1800591 polymorphism is associated with the development of NAFLD in the elderly population, and carrying T allele may promote hepatic steatosis and increase the risk of obesity in NAFLD, while it may inhibit the progression of liver fibrosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 260-267, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971260

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the surgical indications and perioperative clinical outcomes of pelvic exenteration (PE) for locally advanced, recurrent pelvic malignancies and complex pelvic fistulas. Methods: This was a descriptive study.The indications for performing PE were: (1) locally advanced, recurrent pelvic malignancy or complex pelvic fistula diagnosed preoperatively by imaging and pathological examination of a biopsy; (2)preoperative agreement by a multi-disciplinary team that non-surgical and conventional surgical treatment had failed and PE was required; and (3) findings on intraoperative exploration confirming this conclusion.Contraindications to this surgical procedure comprised cardiac and respiratory dysfunction, poor nutritional status,and mental state too poor to tolerate the procedure.Clinical data of 141 patients who met the above criteria, had undergone PE in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2018 to September 2022, had complete perioperative clinical data, and had given written informed consent to the procedure were collected,and the operation,relevant perioperative variables, postoperative pathological findings (curative resection), and early postoperative complications were analyzed. Results: Of the 141 included patients, 43 (30.5%) had primary malignancies, 61 (43.3%) recurrent malignancies, 28 (19.9%) complex fistulas after radical resection of malignancies,and nine (6.4%)complex fistulas caused by benign disease. There were 79 cases (56.0%) of gastrointestinal tumors, 30 cases (21.3%) of reproductive tumors, 16 cases (11.3%) of urinary tumors, and 7 cases (5.0%) of other tumors such mesenchymal tissue tumors. Among the 104 patients with primary and recurrent malignancies, 15 patients with severe complications of pelvic perineum of advanced tumors were planned to undergo palliative PE surgery for symptom relief after preoperative assessment of multidisciplinary team; the other 89 patients were evaluated for radical PE surgery. All surgeries were successfully completed. Total PE was performed on 73 patients (51.8%),anterior PE on 22 (15.6%),and posterior PE in 46 (32.6%). The median operative time was 576 (453,679) minutes, median intraoperative blood loss 500 (200, 1 200) ml, and median hospital stay 17 (13.0,30.5)days.There were no intraoperative deaths. Of the 89 patients evaluated for radical PE surgery, the radical R0 resection was achieved in 64 (71.9%) of them, R1 resection in 23 (25.8%), and R2 resection in two (2.2%). One or more postoperative complications occurred in 85 cases (60.3%), 32 (22.7%)of which were Clavien-Dindo grade III and above.One patient (0.7%)died during the perioperative period. Conclusion: PE is a valid option for treating locally advanced or recurrent pelvic malignancies and complex pelvic fistulas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvic Exenteration/methods , Pelvic Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Postoperative Complications
19.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 259-264, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971018

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to analyze the value of transrectal shear-wave elastography (SWE) in combination with multivariable tools for predicting adverse pathological features before radical prostatectomy (RP). Preoperative clinicopathological variables, multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) manifestations, and the maximum elastic value of the prostate (Emax) on SWE were retrospectively collected. The accuracy of SWE for predicting adverse pathological features was evaluated based on postoperative pathology, and parameters with statistical significance were selected. The diagnostic performance of various models, including preoperative clinicopathological variables (model 1), preoperative clinicopathological variables + mp-MRI (model 2), and preoperative clinicopathological variables + mp-MRI + SWE (model 3), was evaluated with area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUC) analysis. Emax was significantly higher in prostate cancer with extracapsular extension (ECE) or seminal vesicle invasion (SVI) with both P < 0.001. The optimal cutoff Emax values for ECE and SVI were 60.45 kPa and 81.55 kPa, respectively. Inclusion of mp-MRI and SWE improved discrimination by clinical models for ECE (model 2 vs model 1, P = 0.031; model 3 vs model 1, P = 0.002; model 3 vs model 2, P = 0.018) and SVI (model 2 vs model 1, P = 0.147; model 3 vs model 1, P = 0.037; model 3 vs model 2, P = 0.134). SWE is valuable for identifying patients at high risk of adverse pathology.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostate/pathology , Seminal Vesicles/diagnostic imaging , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Retrospective Studies , Extranodal Extension/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods
20.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 103-112, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970996

ABSTRACT

This study aims to characterize the cell atlas of the epididymis derived from a 46,XY disorders of sex development (DSD) patient with a novel heterozygous mutation of the nuclear receptor subfamily 5 group A member 1 (NR5A1) gene. Next-generation sequencing found a heterozygous c.124C>G mutation in NR5A1 that resulted in a p.Q42E missense mutation in the conserved DNA-binding domain of NR5A1. The patient demonstrated feminization of external genitalia and Tanner stage 1 breast development. The surgical procedure revealed a morphologically normal epididymis and vas deferens but a dysplastic testis. Microfluidic-based single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) analysis found that the fibroblast cells were significantly increased (approximately 46.5%), whereas the number of main epididymal epithelial cells (approximately 9.2%), such as principal cells and basal cells, was dramatically decreased. Bioinformatics analysis of cell-cell communications and gene regulatory networks at the single-cell level inferred that epididymal epithelial cell loss and fibroblast occupation are associated with the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process. The present study provides a cell atlas of the epididymis of a patient with 46,XY DSD and serves as an important resource for understanding the pathophysiology of DSD.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Epididymis , Disorder of Sex Development, 46,XY/genetics , Disorders of Sex Development , Mutation , Mutation, Missense , Steroidogenic Factor 1/genetics
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