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1.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 77-82, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006460

ABSTRACT

Background The current increasing trend of new cases of occupational noise-induced deafness indicates that the hearing loss of occupational population has not been effectively controlled in China. It is of great significance to study the characteristics of hearing loss among noise-exposed workers and its related factors. Objective To investigate characteristics and influencing factors of hearing loss among occupational noise-exposed workers in a large machinery maintenance enterprise, and to provide a scientific basis to prevent and control noise-induced hearing loss. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate male Han occupational noise-exposed workers in a large mechanical maintenance enterprise. We acquired demographic characteristics, occupational exposure history, and individual life behavior characteristics of the workers through questionnaires, collected occupational exposure level data from annual occupational disease hazard factor surveillance reports, obtained pure tone hearing threshold test data through occupational health examinations, and estimated individual noise exposure levels using cumulative noise exposure (CNE). According to the results of pure tone air conduction hearing threshold test, the workers were divided into a hearing loss group and a normal hearing group. The chi-square test was employed to compare the occupational exposure characteristics and individual life behavior characteristics between the two groups. Additionally, the trend chi-square test was utilized to analyze the changing trends of age, length of service, CNE, and hearing loss rate within the two groups. The relationship between high-frequency hearing loss in both ears and its related influencing factors was assessed by a multiple logistic regression model. Results The M (P25, P75) of CNE for the 2531 occupational noise-exposed workers was 97.51 (95.39, 99.96) dB(A)·year. The incidence of hearing anomaly, binaural high-frequency hearing anomaly, random ear high-frequency hearing anomaly, binaural low-frequency hearing anomaly, and random ear low-frequency hearing anomaly were 22.48%, 16.59%, 22.13%, 2.77%, and 3.52%, respectively. High-frequency hearing threshold increase was the main reason for hearing anomaly (98.42%). In comparison to the CNE ≤ 97 dB(A)·year group, the 97 dB(A)·year<CNE≤ 100 dB(A)·year group and the CNE>100 dB(A)·year group experienced a 36.4% and 52.3% increase in the risk of bilateral high-frequency hearing loss, respectively. The smoking group exhibited a 43.5% elevated risk of bilateral high-frequency hearing loss when compared to the non-smoking group. Conversely, the group frequently wearing hearing protection equipment demonstrated a 23.6% lower risk of bilateral high-frequency hearing loss in comparison to the group occasionally wearing protective equipment. The data suggested that CNE>97 dB(A)·year and smoking might be independent risk factors for bilateral high-frequency hearing loss, and frequently wearing hearing protection equipment might be an important protective factor. Conclusion Increased CNE and smoking can elevate the risk of high-frequency hearing loss, while personal hearing protection can effectively reduce the risk of hearing loss.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 138-144, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005244

ABSTRACT

With the maturity of kidney transplantation, introduction of new immunosuppressive drugs and improvement of immunosuppressive regimen, the short-term survival rate of kidney transplant recipients has been significantly improved, whereas the long-term survival rate has not been significantly elevated. Kidney transplant recipients may have the risk of renal graft loss. Clinical management after renal graft loss is complicated, including the adjustment of immunosuppressive drugs, management of renal graft and selection of subsequent renal replacement therapy. These management procedures directly affect clinical prognosis of patients with renal graft loss. Nevertheless, relevant guidelines or consensuses are still lacking. Clinical management of patients after renal graft loss highly depend upon clinicians’ experience. In this article, the adjustment of immunosuppressive drugs, management of renal graft and selection of subsequent renal replacement therapy were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for prolonging the survival and improving the quality of life of these patients.

3.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 90-101, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005238

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen key autophagy-related genes in alcoholic hepatitis (AH) and investigate potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for AH. Methods Two AH gene chips in Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and autophagy-related data sets obtained from MSigDB and GeneCards databases were used, and the key genes were verified and obtained by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA). The screened key genes were subject to gene ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), protein-protein interaction (PPI) and immune infiltration analyses. Messenger RNA (mRNA)- microRNA (miRNA) network was constructed to analyze the expression differences of key autophagy-related genes during different stages of AH, which were further validated by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) in the liver tissues of AH patients and mice. Results Eleven autophagy-related genes were screened in AH (EEF1A2, CFTR, SOX4, TREM2, CTHRC1, HSPB8, TUBB3, PRKAA2, RNASE1, MTCL1 and HGF), all of which were up-regulated. In the liver tissues of AH patients and mice, the relative expression levels of SOX4, TREM2, HSPB8 and PRKAA2 in the AH group were higher than those in the control group. Conclusions SOX4, TREM2, HSPB8 and PRKAA2 may be potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for AH.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 291-296, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993087

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the influence of intensive magnet fields on radiation dose measurement, and to demonstrate the feasibility of measuring magnet field correction factor by a combination of medical linac with variable magnet fields in view of needing for accurate measurement of the doses from reference beam arising in MR image-guided radiotherapy.Methods:A photon radiation field and a variable field with 6 MV nominal high voltage were produced by using conventional medical electron linear accelerator equipped with a pair of electromagnets with magnetic field strength up to 1.5 T. Both PTW30013 and PTW31010 ionization chambers were used to test the responses of ionization chambers under different magnetic field strengths at four orientations in which the angles between ionization chamber axis and magnetic field direction were 0°, 180°, 90° and 270°, respectively. The magnetic factors, kB, M was calculated and compared with the reported values in literature. Results:The response of ionization chamber was proportional to the magnetic field strength before it reached to a peak around 1 T, and then fell down as the magnetic field continued to rise. When the magnetic field was 0.35 T, the magnetic factors of PTW31010 were 0.988 2±0.000 3 and 0.997 4±0.000 4 corresponding to 90° and 0° directions, the discrepancy between 0° scenario and literature was 0.05% ± 0.04%. When the magnetic field reached 1.5 T, the magnetic factor of PTW30013 was 0.958 9±0.000 5 at the situation of 90°, which was 0.60% ± 0.05% different from the literature value.Conclusions:Conventional 6 MV medical accelerator equipped with electromagnet can be used to measure the magnetic field factor of reference dosimetry for MRIgRT.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 56-62, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993051

ABSTRACT

Objective:To calculate the typical values of diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) for CT examinations of head, chest and abdomen-pelvis in children using the volumetric CT dose index (CTDI vol), the size-specific dose estimation value (SSDE WD) based on the water equivalent diameter (WD) and the dose length product (DLP) as indicators to measure the radiation dose level of CT examinations in Department of Radiology, Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. Methods:The CT examination images of patients admitted to the Hospital from January 2021 to December 2021 were retrospectively collected, encompassing 1 391 for head, 1 386 for chest and 1 035 for abdomen-pelvis. Their age, CTDI vol and DLP were recorded and the anterior-posterior diameter (AP), lateral diameter (LAT), area (A ROI) and CT value within area (CT ROI) of the middlemost scanned image were measured manually. The effective diameter ( d), WD, conversion factor ( f16/32X SIZE) and SSDE WD were calculated in accordance with the American Academy of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) reported method . Patients were divided into 5 groups in terms of their examined site. age and body size: <1, 1-, 5-, 10-, and 15- years old. The number of patients in each group was 252, 320, 400, 380 and 39 for the head, 188, 320, 399, 398 and 81 for the chest, and 75, 310, 310, 300 and 40 for the abdomen-pelvis region. The patients for head examination was divided into five groups of <12.5, 12.5-, 14-, 15-, 16-cm based on LAT, with 151, 222, 319, 399 and 300 cases in each group, respectively. The chest and abdomen-pelvis were divided into five groups of <15, 15-, 20-, 25-, 30- cm based on d, with 275, 527, 400, 165 and 19 cases in each chest group, respectively; the abdomen-pelvis 403, 410, 184, 34 and 4 cases. The 75th percentile of CTDI vol, SSDE WDand DLP were counted in each group as typical DRL values, and the differences between CTDI vol and SSDE WD in measuring radiation dose were compared. Results:The typical values of DRL in the head, chest and abdomen-pelvis areas as measured by CTDI vol were 14.9-24.1, 1.8-4.5, and 2.0-7.5 mGy, respectively, by age grouping; the typical values of DRL as measured by SSDE WD were 14.7-18.9, 4.2-6.9, and 4.7-11.8 mGy, respectively; the typical values of DRL as measured by DLP were 260-505, 40-185 and 64-435 mGy·cm. The typical values of DRL measured by CTDI vol were 1.8-6.8 and 2.2-9.2 mGy for the chest and abdomen-pelvis region, respectively, by d grouping; the typical values of DRL measured by SSDE WD were 4.2-9.1 and 4.9-13.0 mGy; typical values of DRL as measured by DLP were 40-255 mGy·cm and 85-545 mGy·cm, respectively. The typical values of DRL measured by CTDI vol were 14.1-23.1 mGy for head grouping by LAT; the typical values of DRL measured by SSDE WD were 14.3-18.5 mGy. The typical values of DRL measured by DLP were 240-475 mGy·cm. The CTDI vol was larger than SSDE WD in the head except for the (<1 year and <12.5 cm) subgroup, and the CTDI vol in head was (18.63±3.24) mGy and SSDE WD was (16.38±1.81) mGy, the difference was statistically significant ( t= 48.78, P < 0.001). The CTDI vol was smaller than SSDE WD within each subgroup in chest and abdomen-pelvis, the CTDI vol of chest was (2.77±1.02) mGy, and SSDE WD was (5.22±1.26) mGy with a statistically significant difference ( t=-210.89, P < 0.001); the CTDI vol of abdomen-pelvis was ( 3.36 ± 1.82) mGy and SSDE WD was (6.27 ± 2.44) mGy. The difference was also statistically significant ( t = -115.16, P < 0.001). Conclusions:The typical values of DRLs in the hospital are at a reasonable and low level compared with those in other countries, and SSDE WD reflects radiation dose more accurately than CTDI vol.Therefore there is an urgent need to establish DRLs based on SSDE WD.

6.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 565-569, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991787

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of educational level on smoking cessation in patients with moderate to severe tobacco dependence, explore effective individualized smoking cessation methods, and increase smoking cessation rate.Methods:A total of 480 patients with moderate to severe tobacco dependence who were willing to quit smoking and received treatment in the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Shengli Oilfield Central Hospital from January to December 2020 were included in this study. They were divided into four groups ( n = 120/group) according to their educational level: group A (elementary school and below), group B (junior high school and senior high school), group C (technical secondary school or college), and group D (university and above). All patients were randomly assigned to undergo "5A" intervention alone or "5A" intervention combined with varenicline intervention (combined intervention). Patients' awareness of the health risks of tobacco smoking was compared among the four groups. The smoking cessation rate measured at different time points was compared between different intervention strategies. Results:The scores of health risk of tobacco smoking in groups D, C, B, and A were (806.5 ± 35.7) points, (710.8 ± 26.2) points, (643.6 ± 43.4) points, and (512.4 ± 30.1) points, respectively. Patients with high education levels had high awareness of the health risk of tobacco smoking ( F = 1 543.26, P < 0.001). At 1, 3, and 6 months, the smoking cessation rate of combined intervention was higher than that of "5A" intervention alone in each group (group A: χ2 = 3.85, 4.23, 4.10, group B: χ2 = 4.30, 4.09, 4.60, group C: χ2 = 6.81, 4.30, 4.03, group D: χ2 = 6.71, 6.51, 4.73, all P < 0.05). The smoking cessation rate after 6 months of "5A" intervention alone or combined intervention in group D was 60.0% and 78.3% respectively, which were significantly higher than 41.7% and 60.0% in group C, 23.3% and 41.7% in group B, and 20.0% and 36.7% in group A ( χ2 = 26.59, 26.12, both P < 0.001). At different time points, the smoking cessation rates of the "5A" intervention alone in group D were significantly higher than those of combined intervention in groups A and B ( χ2 = 9.25, 25.04, 7.29, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Awareness of the health risks of tobacco smoking is related to a patient's educational level, and affects smoking cessation. Individualized smoking cessation interventions based on a patient's educational level can increase the rate of smoking cessation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 172-176, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004867

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection data of blood donors from 18 domestic blood stations, so as to investigate the HBV infection situation of blood donors. 【Methods】 The positive rate of HBV and its distribution characteristics of regions, the percentage of HBsAg+ ELISA in first-time vs repeated blood donors, and the percentage of HBsAg-/HBV DNA+ blood donors of 18 domestic blood stations during 2017 to 2020 were collected from the Working Platform for Practice Comparison of Blood Centers, and the HBV infection among blood donors were statistically analyzed. 【Results】 From 2017 to 2020, the positive rate of HBV in blood donors among 18 domestic blood stations was 13.48/10 000-144.02/10 000, with the average HBV positive rate in eastern, central and western region at 26.14/10 000, 51.98/10 000 and 41.00/10 000, respectively. The HBsAg+ rate by ELISA among first-time and repeated blood donors was 14.55/10 000-305.39/10 000 vs 1.04/10 000-87.43/10 000 The HBsAg-/HBV DNA+ yield was 1.80/10 000-35.31/10 000. 【Conclusion】 The distribution of HBV infection in blood donors has regional characteristics, and HBV prevalence was low in repeated blood donors. HBsAg ELISA combined with HBV DNA detection can better ensure blood safety.

8.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 903-906, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004718

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate and analyze the impact of COVID-19 epidemic on inventory of red blood cells (RBCs)in local and municipal blood stations in China, and to provide reference for the management of public health emergencies. 【Methods】 Relevant data from 2018 to 2021 were collected, and the differences in the volume of qualified RBCs, the usage efficiency of inventory RBCs, the average daily distribution of RBCs,the blood distribution rate of RBCs prepared by 400 mL whole blood, the difference in the average storage days of RBCs at the time of distribution, the average daily inventory of RBCs and the time of the average daily inventory of RBCs to maintain the distribution in 24 local and municipal blood stations in China during the COVID-19 epidemic and non-epidemic periods were retrospectively analyzed. 【Results】 Compared with non-epidemic periods, the volume of qualified RBCs [(117 525.979 ±52 203.175)U] and the average daily distribution of RBCs [( 156. 468 ± 70. 186) U ] increased significantly, but the usage efficiency of inventory RBCs decreased(97.24%±0.51%) significantly (P0.5). 【Conclusion】 During the COVID-19 epidemic, the inventory management of RBCs operated well, the overall inventory remained relatively stable, the stock composition and storage period showed no significant change.

9.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 335-339, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003864

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the survival status, distribution characteristics and social security of newly diagnosed occupational pneumoconiosis patients in Guizhou Province from 2006 to 2021. Methods The newly diagnosed pneumoconiosis cases reported in Guizhou Province from 2006 to 2021 were collected from the “Occupational Diseases and Hazards Monitoring Information System” under “National Health Insurance Disease Prevention and Control Information System”. Telephone or face-to-face surveys were conducted to investigate these patients. Results A total of 12 413 newly diagnosed pneumoconiosis patients were reported in Guizhou Province from 2006 to 2021, with 11 192 cases included in the follow-up, and 10 631 cases were followed-up successfully. According to the follow-up study, 10 565 cases (accounting for 99.4%) were survived, and 66 cases (accounting for 0.6%) died. The number of pneumoconiosis showed an increasing trend followed by a sharp decline from 2006 to 2021, reaching its peak in 2016. The main industry of the newly pneumoconiosis cases was concentrated in the mining industry (accounting for 90.6%). The top three regions with surviving cases in the follow-up were Bijie City, Zunyi City, and Qiannan Prefecture, accounting for 34.0%, 25.4% and 12.0%, respectively. The main types of pneumoconiosis were coal workers' pneumoconiosis and silicosis, accounting for 67.1% and 30.8%, respectively. Most cases were in the age group of 50 to <60 years old, accounting for 59.1%, and the majority of the workers had worked in dusty environments for 5 to <25 years, accounting for 91.5%. In terms of social security, about 89.5% of cases were in the basic medical insurance for urban and rural residents which was the most popular social security. The employer's compensation rate was 67.7%, and the work-related injury insurance participation rate was 51.5%. Conclusion Pneumoconiosis cases in Guizhou Province exhibit significant regional disparities. It has a high concentration in the industry, a younger age profile, and limited social security coverage. It is necessary to strengthen the special management of dust and industry supervision in mining industry, intensify follow-up work for pneumoconiosis cases, reinforce the construction of pneumoconiosis rehabilitation station in key regions, and improve the quality of life of pneumoconiosis cases.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2894-2900, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003281

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the role of endoplasmic reticulum stress genes in the prognosis of pancreatic cancer, and to establish a prognostic prediction model based on the prognostic markers for pancreatic cancer. MethodsTranscriptome sequencing data were downloaded from TCGA and GTEx databases, and MsigDB website was used to obtain endoplasmic reticulum stress genes. A univariate Cox regression analysis was performed to obtain the genes associated with the prognosis of pancreatic cancer, and a consensus clustering analysis was used to construct the molecular typing of pancreatic cancer, while the differentially expressed genes between the two subgroups were obtained. A Lasso regression analysis was used to obtain the core genes associated with the prognosis of pancreatic cancer, which were used to construct a prognostic prediction model for pancreatic cancer. Related datasets were obtained from the GEO database to validate the predictive performance of the model. The CIBERSORT analysis was used to investigate the correlation between risk score and immune infiltration. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the expression of genes in pancreatic cancer tissue and cell lines. The independent-samples t test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. Survival was compared using Log-rank test. The predictive value of the model was evaluated by evaluating the area under the ROC curve. ResultsThe endoplasmic reticulum stress genes CEBPB, MARCKS, PMAIP1, and UBXN10 were independent risk factors for the prognosis of pancreatic cancer, and based on the expression characteristics of these genes, the TCGA pancreatic cancer cohort was divided into two subgroups, i.e., cluster A and cluster B, while the cluster A patients had a significantly shorter overall survival time than the cluster B patients (P<0.01). The Lasso regression analysis obtained 5 core genes from the differentially expressed genes affecting the prognosis of pancreatic cancer, and the risk scoring system was established as risk score=0.156×CDA+0.135×AHNAK2+0.020×RHOV+0.095×LY6D+0.054×SPRR1B. The ROC curve analysis showed that this model had good overall predictive performance, with the area under the ROC curve of 0.731 at 1 year, 0.712 at 3 years, and 0.686 at 5 years, and the low-risk group based on this model had a significantly longer overall survival time than the high-risk group (χ2=11.733, P=0.001). The model showed good predictive performance in the external dataset GSE57495. Quantitative real-time PCR results showed that the expression levels of CDA, AHNAK2, RHOV, LY6D, and SPRR1B in 40 pancreatic cancer tissue samples were significantly upregulated compared with those in normal adjacent tissue samples (t=2.529, 2.458, 3.314, 3.583, and 5.082, all P<0.05). ConclusionThe expression characteristics of CDA, AHNAK2, RHOV, LY6D, and SPRR1B can be used to predict the prognosis of pancreatic cancer, and the high expression levels of these genes are associated with the poor prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2139-2145, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999130

ABSTRACT

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) represent the largest family of membrane proteins and are the target of approximately half of all therapeutic drugs. There are ~300 orphan GPCRs, which have great potential in drug development. G protein-coupled receptor 35 (GPR35), a rhodopsin-like orphan GPCR, is widely involved in immune regulation, gastrointestinal disorders, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, as well as other diseases, suggesting its great potential as a therapeutic target in a variety of diseases. However, the current research on GPR35 is insufficient, including the true endogenous ligand has not been confirmed, the molecular mechanism of its role in disease is not fully understood, and there is a lack of effective intervention strategies targeting GPR35. This article summarizes the deorphatization of GPR35, GPR35-related signaling pathways and their association with various diseases, in order to provide a reference for in-depth study of GPR35 in diseases and development of drugs targeting GPR35.

12.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 999-1007, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998992

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo develop and validate a predictive risk model for vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes using readily accessible clinical data, which may provide a convenient and effective prediction tool for early identification and referral of at-risk populations. MethodsA nomogram model was developed using a dataset obtained from patients with T2DM who participated in the Guangzhou Diabetic Eye Study from November 2017 to December 2020. Logistic regression was used to construct the model, and model performance was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve, Hosmer-Lemeshow test, calibration curve and decision curve analysis. The model underwent internal validation through the mean AUC of k-fold cross-validation method, and further external validation was conducted in the Dongguan Eye Study. ResultsA total of 2 161 individuals were included in the model development dataset, of whom 135 (6.25%) people were diagnosed with VTDR. Age (P<0.001,OR=0.927,95%CI:0.898~0.957) and body mass index (P<0.001,OR =0.845,95%CI:0.821~0.932) were found to be negatively correlated with VTDR, whereas diabetes duration (P<0.001,OR=1.064,95%CI:1.035~1.094), insulin use (P =0.045,OR =1.534,95%CI:1.010~2.332), systolic blood pressure (P<0.001,OR =1.019,95%CI:1.008~1.029), glycated hemoglobin (P<0.001,OR =1.484,95%CI:1.341~1.643), and serum creatinine (P<0.001,OR =1.017,95%CI:1.010~1.023) were positively correlated with VTDR. All these variables were included in the model as predictors. The model showed strong discrimination in the development dataset with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.797 and in the external validation dataset (AUC 0.762). The Hosmer-Lemeshow test(P>0.05)and the calibration curve displayed good agreement. Decision curve analysis showed that the nomogram produced net benefit in the two datasets. ConclusionsIndependent factors influencing VTDR include age, duration of diabetes mellitus, insulin use, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, glycosylated hemoglobin, and serum creatinine. The nomogram constructed using these variables demonstrates a high degree of predictive validity. The model can serve as a valuable tool for early detection and referral of VTDR in primary care clinics. Therefore, its application and promotion are highly recommended.

13.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 320-325, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995510

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the anatomy of the recurrent branch of median nerve, summarize the injury mechanism of the recurrent branch of median nerve, and explore the surgical method and clinical effect of the compression.Methods:From February 2018 to October 2021, 12 fresh hand specimens were used in Department of Hand Surgery in the Second Hospital of Tangshan, including 6 male specimens, 3 left and 3 right hands, and 6 female specimens, 3 left and 3 right hands. Anatomy of the recurrent branch of median nerve and observation of its location, measurement of the length of each muscle branch innervating thenar muscle and the easy-to-jam position of the recurrent branch of median nerve in the course of running. The measurement results uses nonparametric test of statistical analysis by side and gender. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. From January 2020 to January 2022, 21 patients with entrapment of the recurrent median nerve of wrist were treated, 14 males and 7 females. The age ranged from 31 to 65 years old, with an average of 46.2 years old. All patients developed thenar muscular atrophy. Before operation, the recurrent branch of median nerve was marked into the muscle point, and the thenar projection on palm surface was pressed, which caused fatigue and soreness. Electromyography examination: the motor latency of median nerve endings was more than 4.5 ms, and both fibrillation potential and positive potential appeared. The motor conduction velocity of all patients was less than 30 m/s, and the motor nerve amplitude was less than 10 mV. Surgical exploration of the recurrent branch of median nerve revealed that the trunk of the recurrent branch of median nerve made the tendon arch thickened at the starting point of the superficial head of flexor pollicis brevis, and there was compression between the deep layer of the palmar aponeurosis and the thenar musculocutaneous membrane, which was completely released during the operation to relieve the compression factor. All 21 patients had followed-up in outpatient. Results:Distance from the origin of the recurrent branch of median nerve to the distal edge of transverse carpal ligament. The distance from the origin of the recurrent branch of median nerve to the distal edge of transverse carpal ligament were (0.30, 0.31, 0.32) cm and (0.31, 0.32, 0.32) cm in male left and right groups, respectively, with no statistical significance ( Z=-0.943, P=0.346); The female left and right groups were (0.28, 0.28, 0.28) cm and (0.29, 0.30, 0.30) cm, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-2.121, P=0.034). The length and transverse diameter of the trunk of the recurrent branch of the median nerve, the length of the superficial head branch of flexor pollicis brevis and the length of the palmar muscle branch of the thumb had no significant difference between the left and right sides of males and females( P > 0.05). The length of abductor pollicis brevis muscle branch: the male left and right groups were (1.45, 1.27, 1.31) cm and (1.54, 1.38, 1.47) cm, respectively, and there was no statistical difference ( Z=-1.528, P = 0.127); The female left and right groups were (1.21, 1.18, 1.15) cm and (1.25, 1.24, 1.25) cm respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-1.993, P=0.046). All the 21 patients were entered in follow-up for 9-24 (average 15) months. After operation, the wounds of all patients healed in the first stage, the soreness at thenar disappeared, and the thenar muscle was full in appearance. In 21 patients, the thumb abduction function returned to normal, the thumb to palm opposition returned to normal in 19 cases, and was slightly limited in 2 cases. After operation, thenar muscle strength recovered to grade 5 in 19 cases and grade 4 in 2 cases. At the last follow-up, electromyography showed that the motor latency of median nerve endings was less than 4.5 ms, and the motor conduction velocity was greater than 40 m/s; Motor nerve amplitudes were all greater than 10 mV. According to the functional evaluation standard of carpal tunnel syndrome recommended by Gu Yudong, 19 cases were excellent, 2 cases were good, and the excellent and good rate was 100%. Conclusion:The length of each nerve branch of the recurrent median nerve innervates thenar muscle is different, and there are many factors that cause the recurrent median nerve to get stuck. It is of high clinical value to master the anatomical structure of the recurrent median nerve and the mechanism of the entrapment, and to completely loosen vulnerable parts by surgery.

14.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 131-139, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995370

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for intraoperative hemorrhage during endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for colorectal lesions.Methods:Data of 386 patients with colorectal lesions, who underwent ESD at The Third People's Hospital of Datong and its cooperative hospital, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, from December 2019 to August 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into the hemorrhage group ( n=85) and the non-hemorrhage group ( n=301) according to intraoperative hemorrhage. The correlationship of patients'basic information, lesion-related factors and hemorrhage during colorectal ESD was analyzed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to identify the risk factors for intraoperative hemorrhage during ESD. The risk predictive model of intraoperative hemorrhage during ESD was established according to the screened risk factors, and receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive model. Results:Univariate logistic regression showed that a history of diabetes ( OR=2.340, P<0.05), a history of coronary atherosclerotic heart diseases ( OR=3.100, P<0.05), the lesion located in the rectum ( OR=3.272, P<0.05), longer lesion ( OR=1.093, P<0.05), wider lesion ( OR=1.057, P<0.05), larger lesion ( OR=1.126, P<0.05), depressed lesion ( OR=6.128, P<0.05), the laterally spreading lesion ( OR=2.651, P<0.05), the lesion infiltrated into the SM-S layer ( OR=0.088, P<0.05), the lesion infiltrated into the SM-D layer ( OR=0.174, P<0.05), the diameter of hemorrhage vessels 0.5~<1.0 times of the diameter of incision knife ( OR=246.854, P<0.05), the postoperative pathology as early cancer ( OR=7.000, P<0.05) were risk factors for intraoperative hemorrhage during ESD. Considering the quantitative relationship between the length, the width and the area of lesions, multi-factor models were constructed using the length and area of lesions respectively. Forward stepwise regression was used to screen variables and determine the final model, and the results showed that a history of coronary atherosclerotic heart diseases, the depressed lesion, the longer lesion, the larger lesion, the diameter of hemorrhage vessels 0.5~<1.0 times of the diameter of the incision knife were independent risk factors for intraoperative hemorrhage during ESD. The two modeling results of the lesion length and the lesion area were very similar. Therefore, lesion length was recommended to describe lesions in clinical practice. Conclusion:A history of coronary atherosclerotic heart disease, the depressed lesion, the longer lesion, the larger lesion, the diameter of vessels 0.5~<1.0 times of that of the incision knife are independent risk factors for intraoperative hemorrhage during ESD.

15.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 402-407, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995208

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore any effect of combining intermittent theta-burst stimulation (iTBS) of the cerebellum with physiotherapy on the balance function and gait of stroke survivors.Methods:Thirty-two hemiplegic stroke survivors were divided at random into a treatment group and a control group, each of 16. Both groups received conventional physical therapy. Before their physiotherapy sessions the treatment group received iTBS treatment of the cerebellar hemisphere contralateral to the affected cerebral hemisphere, while the control group was given pseudo-stimulation on the same site. The iTBS was given once a day for 200s each time, 6 times a week for 3 weeks consecutively. Before and after the treatment, as well as 3 weeks later, both groups′ balance was evaluated using the Berg Balance Scale (BBS). Their ability to shift their center of gravity, total length of their shaking trajectory, and maximum shaking diameter were also quantified. Walking ability was assessed using 10m walk test (10MWT) times and the Tinetti Gait Assessment Scale (POMA-G). Lower limb motor function was quantified using the relevant Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA-LE) and the subjects′ ability in the activities of daily living was measured with the Barthel index (BI).Results:After the 3 weeks of treatment and at the follow-up the average BBS score of the treatment group had improved significantly more than the control group′s average, as had its total track length and maximum shake diameter. The average POMA-G, FMA-LE and BI scores of the treatment group were also significantly better.Conclusions:Combining iTBS with physiotherapy can improve the balance and gait of stroke survivors more effectively than physiotherapy alone.

16.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 333-337, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994837

ABSTRACT

Sacral cyst usually occurs around the nerve root, which is the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid between the intima and the perineurium at the junction of the posterior spinal nerve root and the dorsal root ganglion. Its typical clinical manifestations include low back pain, lower limb radiation pain, rectal/bladder dysfunction and so on. Complications of acute subdural hematoma with cerebral hernia after posterior midline cystectomy of sacral cyst are rare. A middle-aged female patient with sacral cyst was admitted to Gansu Provincial Hospital. After the operation, acute subdural hematoma occurred in the right frontoparietal temporal occipital region, and cerebral herniation was formed. After the operation, the patient was given rehabilitation exercise and discharged well. No neurological deficits were observed during follow-up.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 195-198, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993307

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the factors influencing repeatedly hospitalization in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP), and to analyse the predictive value of triglyceride for repeated hospitalization.Methods:The clinical data of 1 958 patients with AP treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui University of Science and Technology from January 2012 to April 2022 were analyzed. Of 1 733 AP patients who were enrolled, there were 1 000 males and 733 females, with mean ± s. d age being (49.4±16.4) years. Patients were grouped based on their ID numbers to determine their number(s) of hospitalization. Those who were admitted only once were included in the initial hospitalization group ( n=1 030), and those who were admitted twice or more were included in the repeated hospitalization group ( n=703). The factors influencing repeated hospitalization were analyzed by univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis. The predictive value of triglyceride for repeated hospitalization was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that hypertriglyceridemia ( OR=1.445, 95% CI: 1.144-1.825, P=0.002) and biliary causes ( OR=3.184, 95% CI: 1.978-5.125, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for repeated hospitalization. When triglyceride <10.9 mmol/L, the prediction of AP patients without repeated hospitalization was 90.6%. The area under the ROC curve was 0.589, and the Yoden index was 0.170. Conclusion:Hypertriglyceridemia was risk factor for repeat hospitalization in AP patients and the efficacy of triglyceride in predicting repeat hospitalization in AP patients was good.

18.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 268-276, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971261

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the value of reconstruction of pelvic floor with biological products to prevent and treat empty pelvic syndrome after pelvic exenteration (PE) for locally advanced or recurrent rectal cancer. Methods: This was a descriptive study of data of 56 patients with locally advanced or locally recurrent rectal cancer without or with limited extra-pelvic metastases who had undergone PE and pelvic floor reconstruction using basement membrane biologic products to separate the abdominal and pelvic cavities in the Department of Anorectal Surgery of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Naval Military Medical University from November 2021 to May 2022. The extent of surgery was divided into two categories: mainly inside the pelvis (41 patients) and including pelvic wall resection (15 patients). In all procedures, basement membrane biologic products were used to reconstruct the pelvic floor and separate the abdominal and pelvic cavities. The procedures included a transperitoneal approach, in which biologic products were used to cover the retroperitoneal defect and the pelvic entrance from the Treitz ligament to the sacral promontory and sutured to the lateral peritoneum, the peritoneal margin of the retained organs in the anterior pelvis, or the pubic arch and pubic symphysis; and a sacrococcygeal approach in which biologic products were used to reconstruct the defect in the pelvic muscle-sacral plane. Variables assessed included patients' baseline information (including sex, age, history of preoperative radiotherapy, recurrence or primary, and extra-pelvic metastases), surgery-related variables (including extent of organ resection, operative time, intraoperative bleeding, and tissue restoration), post-operative recovery (time to recovery of bowel function and time to recovery from empty pelvic syndrome), complications, and findings on follow-up. Postoperative complications were graded using the Clavien-Dindo classification. Results: The median age of the 41 patients whose surgery was mainly inside the pelvis was 57 (31-82) years. The patients comprised 25 men and 16 women. Of these 41 patients, 23 had locally advanced disease and 18 had locally recurrent disease; 32 had a history of chemotherapy/immunotherapy/targeted therapy and 24 of radiation therapy. Among these patients, the median operative time, median intraoperative bleeding, median time to recovery of bowel function, and median time to resolution of empty pelvic syndrome were 440 (240-1020) minutes, 650 (200-4000) ml, 3 (1-9) days, and 14 (5-105) days, respectively. As for postoperative complications, 37 patients had Clavien-Dindo < grade III and four had ≥ grade III complications. One patient died of multiple organ failure 7 days after surgery, two underwent second surgeries because of massive bleeding from their pelvic floor wounds, and one was successfully resuscitated from respiratory failure. In contrast, the median age of the 15 patients whose procedure included combined pelvic and pelvic wall resection was 61 (43-76) years, they comprised eight men and seven women, four had locally advanced disease and 11 had locally recurrent disease. All had a history of chemotherapy/ immunotherapy and 13 had a history of radiation therapy. The median operative time, median intraoperative bleeding, median time to recovery of bowel function, and median time to relief of empty pelvic syndrome were 600 (360-960) minutes, 1600 (400-4000) ml, 3 (2-7) days, and 68 (7-120) days, respectively, in this subgroup of patients. Twelve of these patients had Clavien-Dindo < grade III and three had ≥ grade III postoperative complications. Follow-up was until 31 October 2022 or death; the median follow-up time was 9 (5-12) months. One patient in this group died 3 months after surgery because of rapid tumor progression. The remaining 54 patients have survived to date and no local recurrences have been detected at the surgical site. Conclusion: The use of basement membrane biologic products for pelvic floor reconstruction and separation of the abdominal and pelvic cavities during PE for locally advanced or recurrent rectal cancer is safe, effective, and feasible. It improves the perioperative safety of PE and warrants more implementation.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pelvic Exenteration , Biological Products/therapeutic use , Pelvic Floor/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 227-234, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971256

ABSTRACT

The treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) or locally recurrent rectal cancer (LRRC) has been a difficulty and challenge in the field of advanced rectal cancer, while pelvic exenteration (PE), as an important way to potentially achieve radical treatment of LARC and LRRC, has been shown to significantly improve the long-term prognosis of patients. The implementation of PE surgery requires precise assessment of the extent of invasion of LARC or LRRC and adequate preoperative preparation through multidisciplinary consultation before surgery. The lateral pelvis involves numerous tissues, blood vessels, and nerves, and resection is most difficult, and the ureteral and Marcille triangle approaches are recommended; while the supine transabdominal approach combined with intraoperative change to the prone jacket position facilitates adequate exposure of the surgical field and enables precise overall resection of the bony pelvis and pelvic floor muscle groups invaded by the tumor. Empty pelvic syndrome has always been an major problem to be solved during PE. The application of extracellular matrix biological mesh to reconstruct pelvic floor defects and isolate the abdominopelvic cavity is expected to reduce postoperative pelvic floor related complications. Reconstruction of the urinary system and important vessels after PE is essential, and the selection of appropriate reconstruction methods helps to improve the patient's postoperative quality of life, while more new methods are also being continuously explored.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvic Exenteration/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Pelvis/pathology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 113-118, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971186

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Previous studies have shown that lymph node metastasis only occurs in some mixed ground-glass nodules (mGGNs) which the pathological results were invasive adenocarcinoma (IAC). However, the presence of lymph node metastasis leads to the upgrading of tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage and worse prognosis of the patients, so it is important to perform the necessary evaluation before surgery to guide the operation method of lymph node. The aim of this study was to find suitable clinical and radiological indicators to distinguish whether mGGNs with pathology as IAC is accompanied by lymph node metastasis, and to construct a prediction model for lymph node metastasis.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to October 2019, the patients with resected IAC appearing as mGGNs in computed tomography (CT) scan were reviewed. All the lesions were divided into two groups (with lymph node metastasis or not) according to their lymph node status. Lasso regression model analysis by applying R software was used to evaluate the relationship between clinical and radiological parameters and lymph node metastasis of mGGNs.@*RESULTS@#A total of 883 mGGNs patients were enroled in this study, among which, 12 (1.36%) showed lymph node metastasis. Lasso regression model analysis of clinical imaging information in mGGNs with lymph node metastasis showed that previous history of malignancy, mean density, mean density of solid components, burr sign and percentage of solid components were informative. Prediction model for lymph node metastasis in mGGNs was developed based on the results of Lasso regression model with area under curve=0.899.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Clinical information combined with CT imaging information can predict lymph node metastasis in mGGNs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Lung Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma , Lymph Nodes , Population Groups
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