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1.
Annals of Dermatology ; : S100-S102, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976674

ABSTRACT

Sintilimab is an anti-programmed cell death receptor-1 antibody. The phase III clinical trial ORIENT-12 confirmed the safety of sintilimab combined with pemetrexed/platinum in the treatment of advanced squamous non-small cell lung cancer. Skin reactions are the most commonly reported adverse events of immune checkpoint inhibitors and are rarely severe.We describe a case of toxic epidermal necrolysis related to sintilimab in an elderly oncologic patient. 3 weeks after immunotherapy, the patient developed an extensive rash and diffuse itching, rapidly evolving into macules, blisters, bullae and erosions. Causal evaluation was performed based on the algorithm of drug causality for epidermal necrolysis and national Food and Drug Administration qualitative analysis. The patient responded to high-dose glucocorticosteroid and supportive therapy, alongside with local wound care. If immune checkpoint inhibitors need to be extrapolated clinically, strictly following evidence-based research, promptly detecting and treating adverse reactions is crucial.

2.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 77-88, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971639

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#AP2/ERF (APETALA2/ethylene-responsive factor) superfamily is one of the largest gene families in plants and has been reported to participate in various biological processes, such as the regulation of biosynthesis of active lignan. However, few studies have investigated the genome-wide role of the AP2/ERF superfamily in Isatis indigotica. This study establishes a complete picture of the AP2/ERF superfamily in I. indigotica and contributes valuable information for further functional characterization of IiAP2/ERF genes and supports further metabolic engineering.@*METHODS@#To identify the IiAP2/ERF superfamily genes, the AP2/ERF sequences from Arabidopsis thaliana and Brassica rapa were used as query sequences in the basic local alignment search tool. Bioinformatic analyses were conducted to investigate the protein structure, motif composition, chromosome location, phylogenetic relationship, and interaction network of the IiAP2/ERF superfamily genes. The accuracy of omics data was verified by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and heatmap analyses.@*RESULTS@#One hundred and twenty-six putative IiAP2/ERF genes in total were identified from the I. indigotica genome database in this study. By sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis, the IiAP2/ERF genes were classified into 5 groups including AP2, ERF, DREB (dehydration-responsive element-binding factor), Soloist and RAV (related to abscisic acid insensitive 3/viviparous 1) subfamilies. Among which, 122 members were unevenly distributed across seven chromosomes. Sequence alignment showed that I. indigotica and A. thaliana had 30 pairs of orthologous genes, and we constructed their interaction network. The comprehensive analysis of gene expression pattern in different tissues suggested that these genes may play a significant role in organ growth and development of I. indigotica. Members that may regulate lignan biosynthesis in roots were also preliminarily identified. Ribonucleic acid sequencing analysis revealed that the expression of 76 IiAP2/ERF genes were up- or down-regulated under salt or drought treatment, among which, 33 IiAP2/ERF genes were regulated by both stresses.@*CONCLUSION@#This study undertook a genome-wide characterization of the AP2/ERF superfamily in I. indigotica, providing valuable information for further functional characterization of IiAP2/ERF genes and discovery of genetic targets for metabolic engineering.


Subject(s)
Abscisic Acid , Isatis/genetics , Multigene Family , Phylogeny , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Genome, Plant
3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 693-699, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985800

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of mobilization of the vertebral artery for C2 pedicle screws in cases with high-riding vertebral artery (HRVA). Methods: The clinical data of 12 patients with basilar invagination and atlantoaxial dislocation underwent atlantoaxial reduction and fixation in the Department of Neurosurgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China between January 2020 and November 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients had high-riding vertebral artery on at least one side that prohibited the insertion of C2 pedicle screws. There were 2 males and 10 females aged (48.0±12.8) years (range: 17 to 67 years). After correction of vertical dislocation during the operation, the C2 pedicle screw insertion and occipitocervical fixation and fusion were performed using the vertebral artery mobilization technique. Neurological function was assessed using the Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scale. The preoperative and postoperative JOA score and the main radiological measurements, including the anterior atlantodental interval (ADI), the distance of the odontoid tip above the Chamberlain line, the clivus-canal angle, were collected and compared by paired t-test. Results: Mobilization of the high-riding vertebral artery was successfully completed, and C2 pedicle screws were then fulfilled after the vertebral artery was protected. There was no injury to the vertebral artery during the operation. Meanwhile, no severe surgical complications such as cerebral infarction or aggravated neurological dysfunction occurred during the perioperative period. Satisfactory C2 pedicle screw placement and reduction were achieved in all 12 patients. All patients achieved bone fusion 6 months after surgery. No looseness and shift in internal fixation or reduction loss was observed during the follow-up period. Compared to the preoperative, the postoperative ADI decreased from (6.1±1.9) mm to (2.0±1.2) mm (t=6.73, P<0.01), the distance of the odontoid tip above Chamberlain line decreased from (10.4±2.5) mm to (5.5±2.3) mm (t=7.12, P<0.01), the clivus-canal angle increased from (123.4±11.1) ° to (134.7±9.6) ° (t=2.50, P=0.032), the JOA score increased from 13.3±2.1 to 15.6±1.2 (t=6.99, P<0.01). Conclusion: The C2 pedicle screw insertion assisted by mobilization of the vertebral artery is safe and considerably effective, providing a choice for internal fixation in cases with high-riding vertebral arteries.

4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 217-222, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971029

ABSTRACT

The Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) has good ability to identify the nature of lesions on prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, some lesions are still reported as PI-RADS 4 and 5 but are biopsy-proven benign. Herein, we aimed to summarize the reasons for the negative prostate biopsy of patients who were assessed as PI-RADS 4 and 5 by biparameter MRI. We retrospectively sorted out the prostate MRI, treatment, and follow-up results of patients who underwent a biparameter MRI examination of the prostate in The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (Nanjing, China) from August 2019 to June 2021 with PI-RADS 4 and 5 but a negative biopsy. We focused on reviewing the MRI characteristics. A total of 467 patients underwent transperineal prostate biopsy. Among them, biopsy pathology of 93 cases were negative. After follow-up, 90 patients were ruled out of prostate cancer. Among the 90 cases, 40 were considered to be overestimated PI-RADS after review. A total of 22 cases were transition zone (TZ) lesions with regular appearance and clear boundaries, and 3 cases were symmetrical lesions. Among 15 cases, the TZ nodules penetrated the peripheral zone (PZ) and were mistaken for the origin of PZ. A total of 17 cases of lesions were difficult to distinguish from prostate cancer. Among them, 5 cases were granulomatous inflammation (1 case of prostate tuberculosis). A total of 33 cases were ambiguous lesions, whose performance was between PI-RADS 3 and 4. In summary, the reasons for "false-positive MRI diagnosis" included PI-RADS overestimation, ambiguous images giving higher PI-RADS, diseases that were really difficult to distinguish, and missed lesion in the initial biopsy; and the first two accounted for the most.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Retrospective Studies , Image-Guided Biopsy/methods , Prostate/pathology
5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 736-740, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982664

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a prediction model of acute kidney injury (AKI) in moderate and severe burn patients, so as to provide basic research evidence for early identification of burn-related AKI.@*METHODS@#Patients who were admitted to the department of plastic burn surgery of the Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University from November 2018 to January 2021 were selected, and their clinical characteristics, laboratory examinations and other indicators were recorded. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen out the risk factors of AKI related to moderate and severe burns, and R software was used to establish the nomogram of moderate and severe burn patients complicated with AKI. The Bootstrap method model was used for internal verification by repeating sample for 1 000 times. Consistency index and calibration curve were used to evaluate the accuracy of the model, and the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) and the area under the curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the prediction efficiency, decision curve analysis (DCA) was used to evaluate the clinical utility of the model.@*RESULTS@#A total of 186 patients with moderate and severe burn were included, among which 54 patients suffered from AKI, and the incidence rate was 29.03%. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the total burn surface area [TBSA; odds ratio (OR) = 1.072, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.031-1.115, P = 0.001], estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR; OR = 0.960, 95%CI was 0.931-0.990, P = 0.010), neutrophil (NEU; OR = 1.190, 95%CI was 1.021-1.386, P = 0.026), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR; OR = 0.867, 95%CI was 0.770-0.977, P = 0.019), D-dimer (OR = 4.603, 95%CI was 1.792-11.822, P = 0.002) were the risk factors for patients with moderate and severe burn complicated with AKI. Taking the above indexes as predictive factors, a nomogram prediction model was established, the ROC curve was plotted with AUC of 0.998 (95%CI was 0.988-1.000). Optimum threshold of ROC curve was -0.862, the sensitivity was 98.0% and the specificity was 98.2%, and the consistency index was 0.998 (95%CI was 0.988-1.000). The calibration curve showed that the prognostic nomogram model was accurate, DCA showed that most patients can benefit from this model.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The burned patients with higher TBSA, NEU, NLR, D-dimer and lower eGFR tend to suffer from AKI. The nomogram based on the above five risk factors has high accuracy and clinical value, which can be used as a predictive tool to evaluate the risk of AKI in moderate and severe burn patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies , Burns/complications , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , ROC Curve
6.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 705-723, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003139

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) promotes the osteogenic differentiation induced by bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9), but the intrinsic relationship between BMP9 and ATRA keeps unknown. Herein, we investigated the effect of Cyp26b1, a critical enzyme of ATRA degradation, on the BMP9-induced osteogenic differentiation in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), and unveiled possible mechanism through which BMP9 regulates the expression of Cyp26b1. @*METHODS@#ATRA content was detected with ELISA and HPLC–MS/MS. PCR, Western blot, and histochemical staining were used to assay the osteogenic markers. Fetal limbs culture, cranial defect repair model, and micro–computed tomographic were used to evaluate the quality of bone formation. IP and ChIP assay were used to explore possible mechanism. @*RESULTS@#We found that the protein level of Cyp26b1 was increased with age, whereas the ATRA content decreased. The osteogenic markers induced by BMP9 were increased by inhibiting or silencing Cyp26b1 but reduced by exogenous Cyp26b1. The BMP9-induced bone formation was enhanced by inhibiting Cyp26b1. The cranial defect repair was promoted by BMP9, which was strengthened by silencing Cyp26b1 and reduced by exogenous Cyp26b1. Mechanically, Cyp26b1 was reduced by BMP9, which was enhanced by activating Wnt/b-catenin, and reduced by inhibiting this pathway. b-catenin interacts with Smad1/5/9, and both were recruited at the promoter of Cyp26b1. @*CONCLUSIONS@#Our findings suggested the BMP9-induced osteoblastic differentiation was mediated by activating retinoic acid signalling, viadown-regulating Cyp26b1. Meanwhile, Cyp26b1 may be a novel potential therapeutic target for the treatment of bone-related diseases or accelerating bone-tissue engineering.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 824-830, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997815

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) on the expression levels of inflammatory cytokines in rat kidney. Methods Thirty male rats were randomly divided into the control (Control group), static cold storage group (SCS group) and HMP group, with 10 rats in each group. The velocity, intrarenal resistance and pH value of perfusion effluent were recorded during HMP. The expression levels of CXC chemokine ligand (CXCL)1, CXCL2, interferon (IFN)-β1, IFN-α4, CC chemokine ligand (CCL)2, CCL20, interleukin (IL)-17α, IL-17C and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α messenger RNA (mRNA) in renal tissues were evaluated by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Pathological changes of the kidney were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Results During HMP, the velocity and intrarenal resistance remained stable, and the pH value of perfusion effluent was decreased slowly. RT-PCR showed that the relative expression levels of CXCL1, CXCL2, CCL2, CCL20, IL-17α, IL-17C and TNF-α mRNA in the SCS and HMP groups were higher compared with those in the Control group. Compared with the SCS group, the relative expression levels of CXCL1, CXCL2, CCL2, CCL20, IL-17α and TNF-α mRNA were up-regulated in the HMP group (all P<0.05). HE staining revealed that the morphology of renal cells was normal in the Control group, whereas evident epithelial necrosis, cytoplasmic vacuolation, brush border loss and epithelial shedding were observed in the SCS group. Compared with the SCS group, pathological changes in the HMP group were alleviated. Conclusions HMP may activate renal inflammation, and inhibiting the activation of inflammation during HMP is expected to further improve the effect of allograft preservation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 459-463, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995651

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and analyze the risk factors of secondary intraocular hypertension in diabetic macular edema (DME) patients after treatment with dexamethasone vitreous cavity implant (DEX).Methods:A retrospective observational study. A total of 352 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) secondary macular edema diagnosed by ophthalmic examination and treated with DEX in Department of Ophthalmology of Harbin 242 Hospital from January 2016 to March 2022 were included in the study. Among them, 221 were males and 131 were females, with the mean age of (55.56±8.09) years. There were 194 patients with disseminated macular edema, 158 patients with cystoid macular edema. All patients underwent vitreous cavity implantation of DEX. Intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured once a month for 3 months after treatment, with IOP over than 25 mm Hg (1 mm Hg=0.133 kPa) or higher than 10 mm Hg from baseline as secondary intraocular hypertension. The relevant clinical data were collected, and the risk factors of secondary intraocular hypertension in DME patients after DEX treatment were analyzed by binary logistic regression.Results:Among 352 patients, 116 patients (32.95%, 116/352) were in the intraocular hypertension. Among them, 29 patients (25.00%, 29/116), 69 patients (59.48%, 69/116) and 18 patients (15.52%, 18/116) occurred intraocular hypertension at 1, 2 and 3 months after treatment, respectively. Compared with the normal IOP group, the IOP in the intraocular hypertension group increased significantly at 1, 2 and 3 months after treatment, with statistical significance ( t=10.771, 21.116, 13.761; P<0.001). Compared with normal IOP group, the patients in the intraocular hypertension group had younger age ( t=6.967), longer duration of diabetes ( t=5.950), longer axial length (AL) ( t=14.989), higher proportion of DME grade 3 ( Z=6.284), higher proportion of DEX implantation in pars plana ( χ2=23.275), and higher HbA1c level ( t=10.764), the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that longer AL [odds ratio ( OR)=1.428, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.054-1.934], DEX implantation in pars plana ( OR=1.358, 95% CI 1.063-1.735), and higher HbA1c ( OR=1.702, 95% CI 1.225-2.366) were the risk factors for secondary intraocular hypertension in DME patients after DEX treatment ( P<0.05), older age was a protective factor ( OR=0.548, 95% CI 0.380-0.789, P<0.05). Conclusions:Long AL, DEX implantation in pars plana and high HbA1c are the risk factors for secondary intraocular hypertension after DEX treatment in DME patients, older age is a protective factor.

9.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 242-250, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936001

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of hypochloric acid on Escherichia coli biofilm and the clinical efficacy of hypochloric acid for wounds with Escherichia coli infection. Methods: One strain of Escherichia coli with the strongest bacterial biofilm forming ability among the strains isolated from specimens in 25 patients (16 males and 9 females, aged 32-67 years) from five clinical departments of the 940th Hospital of the Joint Logistic Support Force was collected for the experimental study from September to December 2019. The Escherichia coli was cultured with hypochloric acid at 162.96, 81.48, 40.74, 20.37, 10.18, 5.09, 2.55, 1.27, 0.64, and 0.32 μg/mL respectively to screen the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of hypochloric acid. The Escherichia coli was cultured with hypochloric acid at the screened MBC for 2, 5, 10, 20, 30, and 60 min respectively to screen the shortest bactericidal time of hypochloric acid. The biofilm formation of Escherichia coli was observed by scanning electron microscopy at 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, and 96 h of incubation, respectively. After 72 h of culture, hypochloric acid at 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16 times of MBC was respectively added to Escherichia coli to screen the minimum biofilm eradicate concentration (MBEC) of hypochloric acid against Escherichia coli. After hypochloric acid at 1, 2, 4, and 8 times of MBEC and sterile saline were respectively added to Escherichia coli for 10 min, the live/dead bacterial staining kit was used to detect the number of live and dead cells, with the rate of dead bacteria calculated (the number of samples was 5). From January to December 2020, 41 patients with infectious wounds meeting the inclusion criteria and admitted to the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery of the 940th Hospital of Joint Logistic Support Force of PLA were included into the prospective randomized controlled trial. The patients were divided into hypochloric acid group with 21 patients (13 males and 8 females, aged (46±14) years) and povidone iodine group with 20 patients (14 males and 6 females, aged (45±19) years) according to the random number table. Patients in the 2 groups were respectively dressed with sterile gauze soaked with hypochloric acid of 100 μg/mL and povidone iodine solution of 50 mg/mL with the dressings changed daily. Before the first dressing change and on the 10th day of dressing change, tissue was taken from the wound and margin of the wound for culturing bacteria by agar culture method and quantifying the number of bacteria. The amount of wound exudate and granulation tissue growth were observed visually and scored before the first dressing change and on the 3rd, 7th, and 10th days of dressing change. Data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance, Dunnett-t test, independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, Wilcoxon signed-rank test, chi-square test, or Fisher's exact probability test. Results: The MBC of hypochloric acid against Escherichia coli was 10.18 μg/mL, and the shortest bactericidal time of hypochloric acid with MBC against Escherichia coli was 2 min. Escherichia coli was in a completely free state after 6 and 12 h of culture and gradually aggregated and adhered with the extension of culture time, forming a mature biofilm at 72 h of culture. The MBEC of hypochloric acid against Escherichia coli was 20.36 μg/mL. The Escherichia coli mortality rates after incubation with hypochloric acid at 1, 2, 4, and 8 times of MBEC for 10 min were significantly higher than that after incubation with sterile saline (with t values of 6.11, 25.04, 28.90, and 40.74, respectively, P<0.01). The amount of bacteria in the wound tissue of patients in hypochloric acid group on the 10th day of dressing change was 2.61 (2.20, 3.30)×104 colony forming unit (CFU)/g, significantly less than 4.77 (2.18, 12.48)×104 CFU/g in povidone iodine group (Z=2.06, P<0.05). The amounts of bacteria in the wound tissue of patients in hypochloric acid group and povidone iodine group on the 10th day of dressing change were significantly less than 2.97 (2.90, 3.04)×106 and 2.97 (1.90, 7.95)×106 CFU/g before the first dressing change (with Z values of 4.02 and 3.92, respectively, P<0.01). The score of wound exudate amount of patients in hypochloric acid group on the 10th day of dressing change was significantly lower than that in povidone iodine group (Z=2.07, P<0.05). Compared with those before the first dressing change, the scores of wound exudate amount of patients in hypochloric acid group on the 7th and 10th days of dressing change were significantly decreased (with Z values of -3.99 and -4.12, respectively, P<0.01), and the scores of wound exudate amount of patients in povidone iodine group on the 7th and 10th days of dressing change were significantly decreased (with Z values of -3.54 and -3.93, respectively, P<0.01). The score of wound granulation tissue growth of patients in hypochloric acid group on the 10th day of dressing change was significantly higher than that in povidone iodine group (Z=2.02, P<0.05). Compared with those before the first dressing change, the scores of wound granulation tissue growth of patients in hypochloric acid group on the 7th and 10th days of dressing change were significantly increased (with Z values of -3.13 and -3.67, respectively, P<0.01), and the scores of wound granulation tissue growth of patients in povidone iodine group on the 7th and 10th days of dressing change were significantly increased (with Z values of -3.12 and -3.50, respectively, P<0.01). Conclusions: Hypochloric acid can kill Escherichia coli both in free and biofilm status. Hypochloric acid at a low concentration shows a rapid bactericidal effect on mature Escherichia coli biofilm, and the higher the concentration of hypochloric acid, the better the bactericidal effect. The hypochloric acid of 100 μg/mL is effective in reducing the bacterial load on wounds with Escherichia coli infection in patients, as evidenced by a reduction in wound exudate and indirect promotion of granulation tissue growth, which is more effective than povidone iodine, the traditional topical antimicrobial agent.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biofilms , Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli Infections/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Surgical Wound Infection , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 203-207, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935600

ABSTRACT

The modern surgical treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease can be traced back to the advent of anterior cervical decompression and fusion.With the emergence of fusion-related complications,different scholars have promoted the gradual transformation of cervical degenerative disc diseases from "fusion fixation" to "non-fusion reconstruction" through in-depth fusion with materials science,engineering mechanics and other disciplines.The innovation of this treatment concept is consistent with the original intention of "structural remodeling,functional reconstruction,maximum repair and reconstruction of the morphology and function of skeletal muscle system" in orthopedic bionic treatment,which is essentially in line with the "bionic alternative therapy" in orthopedic bionic therapy.This paper focuses on the surgical treatment of cervical degenerative disc diseases,reviews the development history of artificial cervical disc replacement,analyzes the evolution from orthopedic biomimetic therapy,and explores a new direction for the design of artificial cervical disc prostheses and the treatment of cervical degenerative disc diseases in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bionics , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy , Follow-Up Studies , Intervertebral Disc/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Total Disc Replacement , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 437-442, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935304

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the virulence gene and drug resistance profile of Shigella sonnei outbreak in Huainan city, and conduct pathogenic traceability analysis. Methods: Water samples and feces related to an infectious diarrhea outbreak in Huainan city in August 2020 were collected for multiple pathogen detection. Virulence gene, drug sensitivity, pulse-field gel electrophoresis and whole genome sequencing of Shigella isolates were analyzed respectively. Results: 38 strains of Shigella sonnei were detected in 56 samples of mucilage feces with a positive rate 67.86%, and all serotypes were Shigella sonnei Phase I. Three strains of Shigella sonnei were detected by fluorescence PCR in the Gram-negative (GN) bacterial enrichment solution of terminal water and well water. Virulence genes were ipaH positive (38), ipaH/ial (31) and ipaH/ial/sen positive (1), respectively. The drug resistance spectrum showed that 9 of 14 antibiotics were 100% resistant, and only imipenem, chloramphenicol, ceftazidime and ciprofloxacin were effective drugs. XbaⅠ restriction enzyme map type of 36 isolates was completely consistent, and the ST type analysis of 3 strains was ST152. Whole genome sequencing and analysis verified that the outbreak was caused by a single clonal group of strains, and revealed that the isolates of the outbreak were clustered into a large cluster with 3 Chinese strains and 1 Korean strain in the database, far away from the strains of other countries. Conclusion: The outbreak is caused by a single clone of Shigella sonnei, which are low virulence strains and have multiple drug resistance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disease Outbreaks , Dysentery, Bacillary/microbiology , Shigella , Shigella sonnei/genetics , Water/pharmacology
12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 150-153, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935119

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the predictive value of the impedance measured during leadless pacemaker Micra implantation on the trend of changes of pacing threshold post implantation. Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study. Patients who received implantation of leadless pacemaker Micra at the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from December 2019 to August 2020 were enrolled. The clinical data and the intraoperative electrical parameters during leadless pacemaker implantation were collected. The impedance and pacing threshold data were analyzed at three time points: immediate release, 5-10 min after release, and after traction test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and the area under the curve (AUC) were used to analyze the value of the impedance at immediate release on predicting the trend of changes of pacing threshold post implantation. Results: A total of 21 patients (mean age: (72.2±12.5) years, 12 males) were included. The impedance of 21 patients was (798.1±35.3) Ω immediately after implantation, (800.9±35.6) Ω after 5-10 minutes of release, and (883.6±31.7) Ω after traction test. Impedance was similar between the three time points (P>0.05). The threshold was (0.97±0.11) V/0.24 ms immediately after implantation, (0.95±0.12) V/0.24 ms at 5-10 min after the release, and (0.59±0.06) V/0.24 ms after the traction test. The threshold was significantly lower after the traction test than that immediately after release (P=0.003) and than that at 5-10 minutes after release (P=0.008), suggesting a decreased tendency of the threshold over time. According to the analysis of the ROC curve, the immediate impedance after the release ≥680 Ω could predict the ideal pacing threshold after the traction test (AUC=0.989, 95%CI 0.702-0.964, P<0.001), the prediction sensitivity was 87%, and the specificity was 100%. The pacing threshold would be not ideal with the immediate impedance ≤ 520 Ω (95%CI 0.893-1.000, P<0.001), the sensitivity was 100%, and the specificity was 80%. Conclusions: The impedance immediately after the release has predictive value for the changing trend of threshold post leadless pacemaker Micra implantation. Impedance ≥680 Ω immediately after release is often related with ideal pacing threshold after the traction test. In contrast, the impedance ≤ 520 Ω pacing is often related with unsatisfactory threshold after the traction test, therefore, it is recommended to find a new pacing site to achieve the impedance ≥680 Ω immediately after release during leadless pacemaker Micra implantation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Cross-Sectional Studies , Electric Impedance , Pacemaker, Artificial , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1436-1440, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939999

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the growth status and morphological changes of primary cultured bulbar conjunctival fibroblasts in different stages of conjunctivochalasis(CCH), and to determine the best passage time, so as to obtain stable and consistent CCH bulbar conjunctival fibroblasts.METHODS: CCH primary bulbar conjunctival fibroblasts were obtained by tissue block adhesion method. The fibroblasts were purified by trypsin differential digestion method. The growth status and morphological changes of fibroblasts in different periods were observed and recorded under inverted microscope. The fibroblasts were identified by immunofluorescence cytochemical staining.RESULTS: After 24h of CCH conjunctival tissue adherent to the wall, a small number of cells would be seen crawling out around the tissue blocks. The logarithmic phase of cell growth was from the 2-7d. The cells grew fast, with vigorously proliferation, clear outline, uniform distribution, increas in numbers and clear nuclei. From the 9-15d, the cell growth entered the plateau stage, the tissue blocks gradually aged and lost activity. The cells grew slowly, arranged loosely, the volume became larger, the shape became flat, and a large number of granular substances and vesicles were produced in the cytoplasm. Some cells fell off from the bottom of the culture bottle, and large gaps appeared between the cells. After subculture and purification, the size and morphology of fibroblasts were basically the same. Through cell identification, fibroblasts were long spindle, flat star or multi-process spindle, wide in the middle, oval nucleus, relatively small at both ends, with 2-3 slender processes of different lengths extending outward.CONCLUSION: Primary CCH bulbar conjunctival fibroblasts can be successfully obtained by tissue block adhesion method. When the cells grow to the 8d, they can be digested and passaged to obtain stable and consistent CCH conjunctival fibroblasts.

14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 435-441, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of percutaneous pedicle screw short segment internal fixation with or without the intermediate screw in the treatment of Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fractures with low bone mineral density.@*METHODS@#Patients with Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fracture underwent percutaneous pedicle screw short segment internal fixation from January 2017 to July 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, 93 cases met the diagnosis and inclusion criteria, 9 cases were excluded according to the exclusion criteria, and the remaining 84 cases obtained complete imaging follow-up data. There were 38 males and 46 females, the age ranged from 56 to 73 years old with an average of (64.78±7.12) years old, bone mineral density (BMD) ranged from 0.61 to 0.89 g/cm3 with an average of (0.73±0.14) g/cm3, the follow-up time was 11 to 25 months with an average of (17.58±6.12) months. There were 45 cases in group A with intermediate screw and 39 cases in group B without intermediate screw. The operation time and intraoperative blood loss were recorded, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used for clinical evaluation. The Cobb angle, vertebral wedge angle (VWA) and anterior vertebral body height (AVBH) were measured by X-ray after the operation. The corrected loss of the above parameters was calculated.@*RESULTS@#There were 5 cases of screw loosening in 84 patients (2 cases in group A and 3 cases in group B, P>0.05). There were significant differences in operation time and intraoperative blood loss between two groups(P<0.01). Clinical effects of two groups were good, postoperative VAS and ODI after operation obviously improved, there was no significant difference between two groups during all follow-up periods (3 days, 1 month after operation and the final follow-up) (P>0.05). Three days after the operation, the image evaluations (Cobb angle, VWA and AVBH) were significantly improved (P<0.05), but significant reduction loss was observed in both groups at 1 month after the operation and at the final follow-up (P<0.05). At the final follow-up, the loss of Cobb angle, VWA and AVBH in group A were (5.26±4.18) °, (4.63±3.80) ° and (9.54±8.71)%, respectively;group B was (6.01±4.34) °, (6.55±6.21) ° and (11.67± 9.95)%, respectively;however, there was no significant difference in reduction loss between the two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Although the curative effect of the patients is satisfactory, the stability of the patients can not be improved by increasing the middle injured vertebra screw placement, the two groups of percutaneous short segment internal fixation can not resist the reduction loss of Magerl-A3 thoracolumbar fracture with low bone mineral density. Because the injured vertebra screw increases the operation time and intraoperative blood loss, it is not significant to use the intermediate screw for the elderly Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fractures with low bone mineral density.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Loss, Surgical , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 357-359, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004265

ABSTRACT

Blood donors, as the core of blood collection and supply system, can greatly ensure blood safety and meet clinical demands with effective management. Good donor practice (GDP) is based on the cooperation of multiple departments by multiple methods. In accordance with the principles of science and ethnic, according to the number and frequency of blood donation and blood donation behavior, GDP classified blood donors accurately, and built up a procedure including potential blood donor identification, selection, recruitment, retention and caring to maintain an accurate management system for keeping regular blood donors. The evaluation indicators for the operation of GDP system were set to conduct real-time monitoring and evaluation, so as to achieve efficient and accurate management and ensure the long-term and stable supply of blood resources.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 709-711, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995978

ABSTRACT

Under the leadership of the Beijing Winter Olympic Organizing Committee and the Beijing Municipal Health Commission, the Beijing Emergency Center, as the designated medical institution for the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympic Games, has completed the first aid support task of this Winter Olympic Games with other medical institutions. The author systematically analyzed the development of each link in the pre-hospital emergency support for the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympic Games, summarizes the key links of the entire Winter Olympics cycle, such as the construction of the organizational system, the formulation of support plans, and the training of support personnel, and analyzed the results of related work, so as to provide reference for the pre-hospital emergency support for China to host large-scale international events in the future.

17.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 921-924, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995346

ABSTRACT

Clinical data of 43 patients who underwent endoscopic resection for gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) of length ≤1.2 cm at the Digestive Endoscopy Center of the 909th Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into the endoscopic ligation resection (ELR) group ( n=27) and the endoscopic submucosal excavation (ESE) group ( n=16). The general, perioperative and follow-up data of the two groups were compared. The results showed that there was no significant difference in the general data between the two groups. The operation time was 20.0 (18.0,25.0) min in the ELR group and 27.5 (23.0,37.5) min in the ESE group, showing significant difference ( U=92.5, P=0.001). The en bloc resection rates were 100.0% (27/27) in the ELR group and 81.3% (13/16) in the ESE group, showing significant difference ( P=0.045). The postoperative hospital stays were 3 (2,4) days in the ELR group and 5 (4,6) days in the ESE group, showing significant difference ( U=125.5, P=0.020). There was no significant difference in the intraoperative bleeding rate, intraoperative hemorrhage volume, intraoperative perforation rate, number of hemostatic clips or postoperative complications including hemorrhage, fever and peritonitis between the two groups ( P>0.05). During the follow-up, there was no recurrence or metastasis of GIST in both groups. ELR and ESE can be safe and effective for small GIST ≤1.2 cm in diameter. Compared with the ESE group, the operation time and postoperative hospital stay are shorter with higher en bloc resection rate in the ELR group.

18.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 199-202, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882468

ABSTRACT

Renal cell carcinoma is one of the most common urinary tract cancers, accounting for 90% of renal cancer cases, and the clear cell renal cell carcinoma is its most common subtype. Because of poor response to conventional anti-cancer treatment, metastasis may occur in the early stage of renal cell carcinoma. The high degree of metastasis of renal cell carcinoma determines the necessity and importance of early diagnosis. Although a lot of researches about renal cell carcinoma have been carried out, its underlying mechanisms still remain unclear. Recent studies have shown that spot-type POZ protein (SPOP) can perform biological functions in a cancer type-specific way. Based on the latest findings, this article reviewed the current research status and prospectives of SPOP in renal cancer cells.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3493-3502, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906842

ABSTRACT

Caveolin-1 (CAV-1) is related to inflammation, oxidative damage, and immunity. In order to obtain a series of dibenzoylmethane halophenols with strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects targeting CAV-1, twenty-nine target compounds were therefore synthesized by Baker-Ventaraman rearrangement and demethylation reaction, starting from the substituted benzoyl chloride and o-hydroxyacetophenone, and their interactions with CAV-1 were investigated by BLI technique. Their in vitro anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties were also evaluated. The results showed that compounds A6, A17, A18, and A29 not only specifically bind to CAV-1, but also present strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. These results suggest that this class of compounds can affect the signaling pathways related to inflammation and oxidative stress by directly acting on CAV-1. In particular, these compounds exhibit the most significantly inhibitory effects on IL-1β and COX-2 release. IL-1β plays a key regulatory role in the development of arthritis. Therefore, it is worth expecting for the application of such compounds in the prevention and treatment of arthritis.

20.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 495-500, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888442

ABSTRACT

Studies have explored the assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes of Y-chromosome azoospermia factor c (AZFc) microdeletions, but the effect of sperm source on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) remains unknown. To determine the ART results of ICSI using testicular sperm and ejaculated sperm from males with AZFc microdeletions, we searched Embase, Web of Science, and PubMed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis. The first meta-analysis results for 106 cycles in five studies showed no significant differences in the live birth rate between the testicular sperm group and the ejaculated sperm group (risk ratio: 0.97, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.73-1.28, P = 0.82). The second meta-analysis of 106 cycles in five studies showed no difference in the abortion rate between the testicular sperm group and ejaculated sperm group (risk ratio: 1.06, 95% CI: 0.54-2.06, P = 0.87). The third meta-analysis of 386 cycles in seven studies showed no significant difference in clinical pregnancy rates between the testicular sperm group and the ejaculated sperm group (risk ratio: 1.24, 95% CI: 0.66-2.34, P = 0.50). Inevitable heterogeneity weakened our results. However, our results indicated that testicular sperm and ejaculated sperm yield similar ART outcomes, representing a meaningful result for clinical treatment. More properly designed studies are needed to further confirm our conclusions.

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