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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 703-711, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992653

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of robot-assisted and conventional fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) combined with pediculoplasty in treating symptomatic chronic thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral fracture (SCOVF) without neurological symptoms.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was used to analyze the clinical data of 120 patients with thoracolumbar SCOVF without neurological symptoms, who were admitted to Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to January 2020. The patients included 34 males and 86 females, aged 63-85 years [(72.9±5.7)years]. All patients were treated with PVP combined with pediculoplasty. A total of 87 patients were treated with robot-assisted and C-arm X-ray machine guided puncture (robot group) and 33 patients with C-arm X-ray machine fluoroscopic-guided puncture (conventional group). The operation time, amount of bone cement injection and puncture accuracy were compared between the two groups. The results of vertebral body index, Cobb angle, visual analogue scale (VAS), and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were also compared before operation, at 1 day and 1 year after operation and at the final follow-up. Complications such as bone cement leakage and displacement were observed.Results:All patients were followed up for 24-36 months [(29.4±3.4)months]. The operation time was (85.2±10.5)minutes in the robot group, significantly longer than (37.2±3.7)minutes in the conventional group ( P<0.01). The amount of bone cement injection was (5.0±0.7)ml in the robot group, significantly less than (5.3±0.8)ml in the conventional group ( P<0.05). The puncture accuracy in the robot group was 95.4% (83/87), significantly higher than 81.8% (27/33) in the conventional group ( P<0.01). There were no significant differences in vertebral body index, Cobb angle, VAS or ODI between the two groups before operation (all P>0.05). The values of vertebral body index were 87.1±4.5, 86.9±4.3, 86.8±4.3 in the robot group at 1 day after operation, 1 year after operation and the final follow up, respectively, which were significantly higher than 83.6±4.4, 84.1±3.8, 84.4±3.9 in the conventional group (all P<0.01). There were no significant differences in Cobb angle or ODI between the two groups at 1 day after operation, 1 year after operation or the final follow-up (all P>0.05). The values of VAS were (2.9±1.0)points, (1.8±0.7)points, (1.8±0.7)points in the robot group at 1 day after operation, 1 year after operation and the final follow-up, respectively, which were significantly lower than (4.4±1.1)points, (3.1±0.8)points, (3.0±0.9)points in the conventional group (all P<0.01). The bone cement leakage occurred in 7 patients in the robot group [8.0%(7/87)] and in 10 in the conventional group [30.3%(10/33)] ( P<0.01). No delayed bone cement displacement [0.0%(0/87)] occurred in the robot group from 1 day after operation to the final follow-up, but 3 patients [9.1%(3/33)] were noted in the conventional group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Both robot-assisted and conventional fluoroscopy-guided PVP combined with pediculoplasty have satisfactory effect for SCOVF patients without neurological impairment, but the robot-assisted one has the advantages of higher puncture accuracy, more satisfactory vertebral height recovery, more rapid pain relief, lower incidence of bone cement leakage and effective avoidance of cement displacement.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956965

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of lncRNA H19 in evaluating prognosis and regulating radioresistance of colon cancer, aiming to provide a new potential target for the diagnosis and treatment of colon cancer.Methods:The value of lncRNA H19 in the clinicopathological parameters and prognosis of colon cancer was assessed based on bioinformatics technology. The expression of lncRNA H19 in HCT116 and SW620 cells was regulated through siRNA and overexpression plasmid transfection, respectively. The effect of regulating lncRNA H19 expression on the proliferation, DNA synthesis, radiosensitivity and cell cycle of colon cancer cells after X-ray irradiation were detected by CCK8, EdU, cell clonogenic survival assay and flow cytometry.Results:The expression of lncRNA H19 was significantly upregulated in colon cancer tissues and correlated with poor prognosis in colon cancer patients. LncRNA H19, as a high-risk gene for colon cancer, had a significant advantage for prognostic assessment of colon cancer (AUC=0.816). Furthermore, the expression of lncRNA H19 was upregulated after X-ray irradiation in colon cancer cells. Knockdown of lncRNA H19 (siRNA-H19) significantly increased the radiosensitivity in HCT116 cells, while overexpression of lncRNA H19 (H19-OE) enhanced the radioresistance in SW620 cells. Moreover, flow cytometry revealed that the G 2/M phase arrest induced by X-ray irradiation was obviously aggravated after siRNA-H19 treatment in colon cancer cells, which suggested that lncRNA H19 might regulate the radiosensitivity by inhibiting cell cycle progression. Conclusion:LncRNA H19 plays a key role in the prognostic assessment and regulating the radiosensitivity in colon cancer, which can be used as a potential target for improving radiosensitivity of colon cancer radiotherapy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956918

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the alteration of JAK2/STAT3 pathway after carbon ion ( 12C 6+) irradiation and the difference in the infiltration of CD8 + T cells in lung cancer regulated by downstream protein FOXP3. Methods:Significantly altered JAK2/STAT3 pathway and related differentially-expressed genes and proteins such as FOXP3 in lung cancer after carbon ion irradiation were screened based on RNA sequencing analysis in the Lewis tumor model of C57BL/6 mice. The correlation between FOXP3 and major immune cell infiltration in the immune microenvironment of lung cancer was analyzed using the ssGSEA immune infiltration algorithm in the R software "GSVA" and CD8 + T cell infiltration in the immune microenvironment of lung cancer was evaluated based on the carbon ion combined with STAT3 inhibition pathway (niclosamide). Results:The JAK2/STAT3 pathway was inhibited and the expression of related genes and proteins was downregulated in lung cancer after carbon ion irradiation. Immune scoring based on the ssGSEA algorithm showed that FOXP3 expression was significantly negatively correlated with CD8 + T cell infiltration in the immune microenvironment of lung cancer. The role of targeting the JAK2/STAT3 pathway in increasing CD8 + T cell infiltration in lung cancer was further clarified by carbon ion irradiation combined with STAT3 inhibition (niclosamide). Conclusion:Carbon ion irradiation ( 12C 6+) can play a synergistic role with immunotherapy by targeting the JAK2/STAT3 pathway.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the left ventricular myocardial function in non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) patients with normal wall motion and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) by noninvasive myocardial work technology, and to explore the evolution of left ventricular myocardial function recovery.Methods:A total of 92 NSTE-ACS patients from July to December 2019 in Beijing Chao Yang Hospital with normal wall motion and LVEF (>55%) after PCI were recruited. Echocardiography was performed 1 day before PCI, 1 day, 2 weeks, 1 month, and 3 months after PCI. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) was analyzed, and Brachial cuff systolic pressure was used as left ventricular pressure to construct a non-invasive left ventricular pressure-strain loop. Global myocardial work index (GWI), global constructive work (GCW), global waste work (GWW), global myocardial work efficiency (GWE) among groups were compared and their correlations with strain parameters were explored.Results:GWI, GCW, GWE were improved ( P<0.05) at 1 day after PCI, GLS improved ( P<0.05) and GWW decreased ( P<0.05) at 2 weeks, LVEF improved ( P<0.05) at 1 month. Baseline GWI and GCW had a moderately negative correlation with GLS ( r=-0.67, -0.66; both P<0.05); GWW had a moderately positive correlation with mechanical dispersion(MD) and postsystolic shortening index(PSI) ( rs=0.45, 0.50; both P<0.05); GWE had a moderately negative correlation with GLS, MD and PSI ( rs=-0.47, -0.55, -0.56; all P<0.05). Conclusions:Left ventricular myocardial function gradually improves in NSTE-ACS patients with normal wall motion and LVEF after PCI. Myocardial work parameters changes are more sensitive than GLS and LVEF, and can assess early left ventricular myocardial function changes after PCI.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1515-1520, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956332

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the myocardial work of patients with different degrees of coronary artery stenosis with normal left ventricular ejection fraction and no segmental ventricular wall motion abnormality by left ventricular pressure-strain ring (PSL), and to explore the clinical value of myocardial work parameters in predicting severe coronary artery stenosis.Methods:The data of 238 patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG) in the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University from December 2020 to August 2021 was prospectively collected. According to the results of CAG, the patients were divided into control group, moderate stenosis group, severe stenosis (1-2 branches) group, severe stenosis (complex multiple branches) group. Global longitudinal strain (GLS), global work index (GWI), global constructive work (GCW), global work waste (GWW) and global work efficiency (GWE) were measured by PSL. Univariate and multivariate logistics regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of severe coronary artery stenosis. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was constructed to analyze the predictive value of GLS, GWI, GCW, GWW and GWE for severe coronary artery stenosis.Results:The GLS, GWI, GCW and GWE in severe stenosis group were lower than those in control group and moderate stenosis group (all P<0.05), while GWW was higher than those in control group and moderate stenosis group (all P<0.05); the GWI, GCW and GWE in severe stenosis (complex multiple branches) group were lower than those in severe stenosis (1-2 branches) group (all P<0.05), while GWW was higher than those in severe stenosis (1-2 branches) group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that GWE was an independent influencing factor for severe coronary stenosis ( OR=0.266, P<0.05). Compared with GLS, GWI, GCW and GWW, GWE had the largest area under the curve (0.920) to predict severe coronary stenosis, with sensitivity of 92.24% and specificity of 73.77%. The intra observer and inter observer correlation coefficients of GWI, GCW, GWW and GWE analyzed by two ultrasound physicians were 0.916 and 0.907, 0.989 and 0.981, 0.932 and 0.955, 0.931 and 0.937, respectively, which showed good repeatability. Conclusions:PSL provides a new method for quantitative evaluation of left ventricular systolic function in patients with coronary artery stenosis. GWE can be used as a sensitive indicator to predict patients with severe coronary artery stenosis, and is worth to be popularized and applied in the clinical.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932569

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the abilities of different neural networks to generate pseudo-computed tomography (CT) images from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images and to explore the feasibility of pseudo-CT for clinical radiotherapy planning.Methods:A total of 29 brain cancer patients with planning CT and diagnostic MRI were selected. 23 of these patients were used for training neural networks and 6 for testing pseudo-CT images. Cycle-consistent generative adversarial network (cycleGAN), contrastive learning for unpaired image-to-image translation (CUT), and improved network denseCUT proposed in this study were applied to generate pseudo-CT images from MRI images. The pseudo-CT images were imported into a clinical treatment planning system to verify the feasibility of applying this method to radiotherapy planning.Results:The comparison between the generated pseudo-CT images and real CT images showed that the mean absolute errors were (72.0±6.9), (72.5±8.0), and (64.6±7.3) HU for the cycleGAN, CUT, and denseCUT, respectively. Meanwhile, the structure similarity indices were 0.91±0.01, 0.91±0.01, and 0.93±0.01, respectively. The peak signal-to-noise ratios were (28.5±0.7), (28.5±0.7), and (29.5±0.7) dB, respectively. The 2%/2 mm γ passing rates were 98.05%, 97.92%, and 98.31% for the cycleGAN, CUT, and denseCUT, respectively.Conclusions:DenseCUT can generate more accurate pseudo-CT images and the pseudo-CT can meet the demand for the dose calculation of IMRT plan.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986596

ABSTRACT

Although targeted, immune and other therapeutic strategies have become the first-line standard therapy for patients with advanced lung cancer, acquired drug resistance is still inevitable in most cases. The advent of antibody-drug conjugates (ADC) provides a new choice. ADC is a new anticancer drug formed by the coupling of targeted anti-tumor monoclonal antibodies and cytotoxic drugs. Compared with chemotherapeutic drugs, ADC has the advantages of high tolerance, accurate target recognition and little effect on non-cancer cells, and has shown good clinical benefits in the treatment of a variety of malignant tumors. This article reviews the application of ADC in advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

8.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 681-684, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912947

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the variation trend of peripheral blood CD34 + cells during the hematopoietic stem cell mobilization and its influence on the collection timing and results. Methods:The clinical data of 62 patients with hematologic diseases undergoing autologous peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell mobilization from April 2012 to March 2017 in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital were analyzed. Mobilization regimen used chemotherapy combined with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) to monitor the number of white blood cells (WBC), mononuclear cells (MNC), CD34 + cells in peripheral blood and apheresis concentrates, and the correlation with CD34 + cells was analyzed. Furthermore, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to establish the threshold to start apheresis. Results:MNC (5.66±1.11)×10 8/kg and CD34 + cell count (2.15±1.20)×10 6/kg were obtained in 62 patients who received 136 times collection in total. The peak of peripheral blood CD34 + cells count appeared at day 4-5 after the treatment of G-CSF, and then it went down. CD34 + cell count in the product was correlated with the peripheral blood CD34 + cell count collected on the day ( r = 0.879, P < 0.01), and it was also correlated with the peripheral blood WBC and MNC collected on the day as well as MNC count in the product (all P < 0.05). Furthermore, the ROC curve analysis demonstrated that peripheral blood CD34 + cells count > 23/μl was the optimal threshold for stem cell collection on the day, 85.2% of patients reaching up to the threshold could be successfully collected at one time. Conclusions:The variation trend of peripheral blood CD34 + cell count can guide the best time of stem cell collection in clinic. Peripheral blood CD34 + cell count is the reliable index to predict CD34 + cells count in the products. Peripheral blood CD34 + cells count > 23/μl could be used as the collection threshold.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910098

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the global and segmental myocardial work in patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA) by left ventricular pressure-strain loop (PSL) noninvasively.Methods:Eighteen patients with CA in Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital from March 2018 to December 2020 were included as CA group, 20 healthy subjects were selected as control group. The global longitudinal strain (GLS) and mechanical dispersion (MD) of left ventricle were analyzed by two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging. The left ventricular PSL was used to assess global work index (GWI), global constructive work (GCW), global waste work (GWW), and global work efficiency (GWE). The mean value of left ventricular basal, mid and apical myocardial work index (MWI), constructive work (CW), waste work (WW) and work efficiency (WE) were calculated and compared between the two groups.Results:①Compared with the control group, GLS was decreased and MD was increased in CA group (all P<0.05). ②GWI, GCW, GWW and GWE were decreased in CA group compared with the control group (all P<0.05). ③In CA group, the MWI, CW and WE of the basal, mid and apical segments were lower than those of control group (all P<0.05), WW of the basal and mid segments were lower than those of apical segment(all P<0.05). The impairment of MWI, WW and WE in basal and mid segment were more significant than those of apical segment (all P<0.05). ④GWI, GCW and GWE were positively correlated with GLS ( r=0.854, 0.816, 0.748; all P<0.001) and LVEF ( r=0.674, 0.634, 0.650; all P<0.01), and negatively correlated with MD ( r=-0.657, -0.672, -0.710, all P<0.01). GWI and GCW were negatively correlated with E/e′ ( r=-0.493, -0.539; all P<0.05). Conclusions:The global, basal, mid and apical left ventricular myocardial work indices are decreased in CA patients. MWI, CW and WE show an apical sparing pattern. Quantitative assessment of myocardial work by PSL may provide more valuable information for CA patients.

10.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 165-169, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862809

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of infused CD34 + cell count on hematopoietic recovery and prognosis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients after autologous peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (APBSCT). Methods:The data of 60 NHL patients who underwent APBSCT from May 2010 to May 2016 in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Shanxi Medical University was retrospectively analyzed, including 32 B-NHL patients and 28 T-NHL patients. The patients were grouped according to the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) threshold, and the hematopoietic reconstruction after transplantation was analyzed. The relationship between the infused CD34 + cell count and prognosis was analyzed. The prognostic factors were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analyses. Results:The CD34 + cell count threshold was determined to be 4.35×10 6/kg based on ROC. In CD34 + cell count≥ 4.35×10 6/kg group (20 cases) and CD34 + cell count < 4.35×10 6/kg group (40 cases), the granulocyte recovery time was (9.9±1.2) d and (12.5±3.7) d ( P = 0.031), and the platelet recovery time was (9.4±1.7) d and (13.8±2.9) d ( P = 0.012). The 3-year overall survival(OS) rates in CD34 + cell count ≥ 4.35×10 6/kg group and CD34 + cell count < 4.35×10 6/kg group were 85.0% and 55.0% ( P = 0.024), and the 3-year PFS rates were 85.0% and 57.5% ( P = 0.016). In B-NHL patients, the 3-year PFS rates in CD34 + cell count ≥ 4.35×10 6/kg group (11 cases) and CD34 + cell count < 4.35×10 6/kg group (21 cases) were 81.8% and 42.9% ( P = 0.037), respectively. In T-NHL patients, the 3-year OS rates in CD34 + cell count ≥ 4.35×10 6/kg group (9 cases) and CD34 + cell count < 4.35×10 6/kg group (19 cases) were 77.8% and 36.8% ( P = 0.049), respectively. Univariate survival analysis showed that the predictive factors of both OS and PFS included age > 60 years old, Ann Arbor stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ, international prognostic index (IPI) score > 2 and infused CD34 + cell count < 4.35×10 6/kg (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that IPI score and infused CD34 + cell count were both independent predictive factors of PFS ( RR = 0.333, 95% CI 0.112-0.994, P = 0.049; RR = 0.190, 95% CI 0.047-0.773, P = 0.020), and IPI score was an independent predictive factor of OS ( RR = 0.095, 95% CI 0.011-0.837, P = 0.034). Conclusion:The infused CD34 + cell count affects the hematopoietic reconstruction time and component blood transfusion after APBSCT, and has certain predictive value for the prognosis of NHL patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868529

ABSTRACT

Heavy ion radiation has significant radiological and biological advantages over conventional radiation. While directly killing tumor cells, heavy ion beam can reduce immune escape and promote the initiation and activation of effector T cells by inducing immunogenic death of tumor cells, regulating tumor phenotype, enhancing antigen formulation, and changing tumor microenvironment to regulate the immune response. This article will review the immunomodulatory effect of heavy ion beam and the molecular mechanisms associated with immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868113

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess global myocardial work in non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) patients with no obvious regional wall motion abnormalities and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by noninvasive left ventricular (LV) pressure-strain loops, and to explore its diagnostic value in patients with NSTE-ACS.Methods:A total of 169 NSTE-ACS patients with normal wall motion abnormalities and LVEF (>55%) were recruited in Beijing Chao Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University from June to December 2019. The patients were divided into two groups according to the degree of coronary stenosis, including severe coronary artery stenosis group ( n=121), and no severe stenosis group ( n=48). The patients of severe coronary artery stenosis group were further subdivided into single-vessel severe stenosis group ( n=52) and multi-vessel severe stenosis group ( n=69). Global longitudinal strain (GLS) analysis was performed by speckle tracking echocardiography before coronary angiography. Brachial cuff systolic pressure was used as left ventricular pressure to construct a non-invasive left ventricular pressure-strain loop. Global myocardial work index (GWI), global constructive work (GCW), global waste work (GWW) and global myocardial work efficiency (GWE) was computed by LV pressure-strain loops with a proprietary algorithm between groups. ROC curve analysis was used to determine the optimal cutoff value of the parameters to detect severe coronary artery stenosis. Independent factors affecting left ventricular myocardial function were assessed by Logistic regression analysis. Results:GLS, GWI, GCW and GWE were significantly reduced, and GWW was increased in severe coronary artery stenosis group than in no severe stenosis group(all P<0.05). GLS was significantly reduced in multi-vessel severe stenosis group ( P<0.05) but not in single-vessel severe stenosis group ( P=0.32). GWE was an independent factor affecting myocardial function in severe coronary artery stenosis group, GWE<96% had a area under the curve (AUC)=0.83 (74% for sensitivity, 81% for specificity) to identify severe coronary artery stenosis, and was superior to GLS (AUC=0.66, P<0.05) and GWI (AUC=0.70, P<0.05). Conclusions:In NSTE-ACS patients with severe coronary artery stenosis, no obvious regional wall motion abnormalities and preserved LVEF, LV global myocardial function is impaired based on noninvasive pressure-strain loops, GWI, GCW, and GWE are reduced, and GWW is increased, and GWE is a more sensitive index than GLS and GWI to predict severe coronary artery stenosis in NSTE-ACS patients.

13.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 533-537, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751438

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the factors influencing the mobilization and collection of autologous peripheral blood stem cells. Methods The clinical data of 62 patients who received autologous peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell mobilization in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from April 2012 to March 2017 were collected. The effects of age, gender, disease type, chemotherapy cycle, disease status, different schemes and the number of CD34+cells in peripheral blood of patients 1 d before collection on the number of CD34+cells and the success rate of CD34+cells collection were analyzed. Measurement data were compared by one-way ANOVA and t test; count data were compared by χ2 test; multivariate analysis was performed by multiple linear regression analysis. Results There were statistically significant differences in the number of CD34+cells between patients with chemotherapy>6 cycles and≤6 cycles [(2.6±1.3)×106/kg vs. (5.8±2.2)×106/kg;t=5.221, P<0.01], and the difference in the success rate of CD34+cell collection between the two groups was statistically significant [68.8% (11/16) vs. 97.8% (45/46); χ 2= 8.396, P = 0.004]. The difference in the CD34+cells yield was not statistical significance between male and female patients [(5.4±2.2)×106/kg vs. (4.5± 2.8)×106/kg; t = 1.302, P= 0.198)], but the collection success rate in males was higher than that in females [97.6% (40/41) vs. 76.2% (16/21)], and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=5.017, P =0.025). The success rate of CD34 + cell collection in patients with ≥10/μl CD34 + cell in the peripheral blood was significantly higher than that in patients with < 10/μl CD34+cells 1 d before the collection[97.9% (47/48) vs. 64.3% (9/14)], and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 10.668, P= 0.001). The differences in CD34+cells yield and collection success rate between patients with different age, disease type, disease status and mobilization regimen were not statistically significant (all P> 0.05). Multi-factor analysis showed that >6 cycles chemotherapy before mobilization was the adverse factor affecting stem cell collection (b = -3.435, P< 0.01). Conclusions The effective mobilization and collection of autologous peripheral blood stem cells are related to the number of chemotherapy cycles before mobilization. The stem cell mobilization and collection should be conducted as soon as possible when the chemotherapy is ≤ 6 cycles and the patient reaches partial remission or above. In addition, peripheral blood CD34+cell count should be monitored during mobilization. When the peripheral blood CD34+cell count is >10/μl, the collection could be started on the next day to obtain a better collection effect, so as to improve the success rate of collection.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791125

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the improving effect of Hypericum Perforatum L Extracts (HPLES)on depression induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress in mice. Methods The depression model was established by the method of chronic unpredictable mild stress. Fifty depression model mice were divided into model control group,fluoxetine hydrochloride group (2. 6 mg / kg),Hypericum perforatum ex-tract low,medium and high (0. 2 g / kg,0. 4 g / kg,0. 8 g / kg) dose groups according to the random num-ber table method. Another 10 normal mice matched with body weight were taken as the normal control group. The mice in normal control group and the model control group were given pure water by gavage every day,and the mice in other groups were given corresponding solution by gavage for 4 weeks. In addition to the normal control group,the mice in other groups continued to undergo chronic unpredictable mild stress during gavage. The sugar water preference test and forced swimming test were performed after the last administration. Blood samples were collected from the posterior orbital venous plexus,and the levels of dopamine (DA) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were measured by Elisa. The hippocampal tissues of mice were exam-ined by HE staining. Results Compared with the normal control group,the body mass of mice in the model control group decreased significantly at the first,second,third and fourth weeks ( t=2. 739,4. 162,4. 082, 3. 957;all P<0. 05). At the first,second,third and fourth weeks,the body mass of mice in the low,middle and high dose group of Hypericum perforatum extract were not significantly different from those in the model control group (all P>0. 05). Compared with the normal control group,the sugar water preference index of mice in the model control group was significantly reduced((61. 3± 4. 5)%,(52. 6± 5. 2)%; t=2. 721,P<0. 05),the swimming immobility time was prolonged(( 44. 3± 20. 00) s,(101. 8± 50. 8) s;t=2. 939,P<0. 05),the difference were statistically significant. Compared with the model control group,the sugar water preference index of mice in the low,middle and high dose group of Hypericum perforatum extract increased ((61. 8±4. 7)%,(65. 2±4. 1)%,(62. 6±5. 6)%,t=-3. 005,5. 073,-2. 928,all P<0. 05),the swimming immobility time decreased ((47. 2±17. 9) s,(54. 8±50. 3) s,(61. 3±44. 2) s; t=2. 803,1. 921,1. 903,all P<0. 05). The results of Elisa showed that compared with the normal control group,the levels of serum DA and BDNF of mice in the model control group were significantly lower (t=3. 031,8. 507,all P<0. 05); com-pared with the model control group,the levels of serum DA of mice in the low dose and high dose group of Hypericum perforatum were significantly higher (t=5. 025,3. 414,P<0. 05),and the serum BDNF of mice in the high dose group of Hypericum perforatum was also significantly higher (t=6. 098,P<0. 05),the differ-ence was statistically significant. HE staining showed that compared with the normal control group,the neu-rons in CA3 area of hippocampus in the model control group mice were seriously damaged,suggesting the es-tablishment of the mouse model. Compared with the model control group,the atrophy and degeneration of hippocampal CA3 cells in the three dose groups were significantly reduced. The atrophy and deformation of hippocampal CA3 neurons in the low,middle and high dose groups of Hypericum perforatum extract were re-lieved. Conclusion HPLES have obvious improving and antidepressant effects on the depression model mice induced by chronic unpredictable stress. The above effects may be related to the improvement of serum DA,DBNF level and reduce neuronal damage in CA3 area.

15.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 533-537, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798244

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the factors influencing the mobilization and collection of autologous peripheral blood stem cells.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 62 patients who received autologous peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell mobilization in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from April 2012 to March 2017 were collected. The effects of age, gender, disease type, chemotherapy cycle, disease status, different schemes and the number of CD34+ cells in peripheral blood of patients 1 d before collection on the number of CD34+ cells and the success rate of CD34+ cells collection were analyzed. Measurement data were compared by one-way ANOVA and t test; count data were compared by χ 2 test; multivariate analysis was performed by multiple linear regression analysis.@*Results@#There were statistically significant differences in the number of CD34+ cells between patients with chemotherapy >6 cycles and ≤6 cycles [(2.6±1.3)×106/kg vs. (5.8±2.2)×106/kg; t = 5.221, P < 0.01], and the difference in the success rate of CD34+ cell collection between the two groups was statistically significant [68.8% (11/16) vs. 97.8% (45/46); χ2 = 8.396, P = 0.004]. The difference in the CD34+ cells yield was not statistical significance between male and female patients [(5.4±2.2)×106/kg vs. (4.5±2.8)×106/kg; t = 1.302, P = 0.198)], but the collection success rate in males was higher than that in females [97.6% (40/41) vs. 76.2% (16/21)], and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 5.017, P = 0.025). The success rate of CD34+ cell collection in patients with ≥10/μl CD34+ cell in the peripheral blood was significantly higher than that in patients with < 10/μl CD34+ cells 1 d before the collection[97.9% (47/48) vs. 64.3% (9/14)], and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 10.668, P = 0.001). The differences in CD34+ cells yield and collection success rate between patients with different age, disease type, disease status and mobilization regimen were not statistically significant (all P > 0.05). Multi-factor analysis showed that > 6 cycles chemotherapy before mobilization was the adverse factor affecting stem cell collection (b = -3.435, P < 0.01).@*Conclusions@#The effective mobilization and collection of autologous peripheral blood stem cells are related to the number of chemotherapy cycles before mobilization. The stem cell mobilization and collection should be conducted as soon as possible when the chemotherapy is ≤ 6 cycles and the patient reaches partial remission or above. In addition, peripheral blood CD34+ cell count should be monitored during mobilization. When the peripheral blood CD34+ cell count is > 10/μl, the collection could be started on the next day to obtain a better collection effect, so as to improve the success rate of collection.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796986

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the improving effect of Hypericum Perforatum L Extracts (HPLES)on depression induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress in mice.@*Methods@#The depression model was established by the method of chronic unpredictable mild stress. Fifty depression model mice were divided into model control group, fluoxetine hydrochloride group (2.6 mg / kg), Hypericum perforatum extract low, medium and high (0.2 g / kg, 0.4 g / kg, 0.8 g / kg) dose groups according to the random number table method. Another 10 normal mice matched with body weight were taken as the normal control group. The mice in normal control group and the model control group were given pure water by gavage every day, and the mice in other groups were given corresponding solution by gavage for 4 weeks. In addition to the normal control group, the mice in other groups continued to undergo chronic unpredictable mild stress during gavage.The sugar water preference test and forced swimming test were performed after the last administration. Blood samples were collected from the posterior orbital venous plexus, and the levels of dopamine (DA) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were measured by Elisa. The hippocampal tissues of mice were examined by HE staining.@*Results@#Compared with the normal control group, the body mass of mice in the model control group decreased significantly at the first, second, third and fourth weeks (t=2.739, 4.162, 4.082, 3.957; all P<0.05). At the first, second, third and fourth weeks, the body mass of mice in the low, middle and high dose group of Hypericum perforatum extract were not significantly different from those in the model control group (all P>0.05). Compared with the normal control group, the sugar water preference index of mice in the model control group was significantly reduced((61.3±4.5)%, (52.6±5.2)%; t=2.721, P<0.05), the swimming immobility time was prolonged((44.3±20.00) s, (101.8±50.8) s; t=2.939, P<0.05), the difference were statistically significant. Compared with the model control group, the sugar water preference index of mice in the low, middle and high dose group of Hypericum perforatum extract increased((61.8±4.7)%, (65.2±4.1)%, (62.6±5.6)%, t=-3.005, 5.073, -2.928, all P<0.05), the swimming immobility time decreased ((47.2±17.9) s, (54.8±50.3) s, (61.3±44.2) s; t=2.803, 1.921, 1.903, all P<0.05). The results of Elisa showed that compared with the normal control group, the levels of serum DA and BDNF of mice in the model control group were significantly lower (t=3.031, 8.507, all P<0.05); compared with the model control group, the levels of serum DA of mice in the low dose and high dose group of Hypericum perforatum were significantly higher (t=5.025, 3.414, P<0.05), and the serum BDNF of mice in the high dose group of Hypericum perforatum was also significantly higher (t=6.098, P<0.05), the difference was statistically significant. HE staining showed that compared with the normal control group, the neurons in CA3 area of hippocampus in the model control group mice were seriously damaged, suggesting the establishment of the mouse model. Compared with the model control group, the atrophy and degeneration of hippocampal CA3 cells in the three dose groups were significantly reduced. The atrophy and deformation of hippocampal CA3 neurons in the low, middle and high dose groups of Hypericum perforatum extract were relieved.@*Conclusion@#HPLES have obvious improving and antidepressant effects on the depression model mice induced by chronic unpredictable stress.The above effects may be related to the improvement of serum DA, DBNF level and reduce neuronal damage in CA3 area.

17.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2018; 31 (6 Special): 2847-2850
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-205122

ABSTRACT

Present study is done to analyze the advantages and disadvantages in application of oxygen-driven aerosol and aerosol inhalation by air compressor for the pediatric asthma. A total of 180 patients with pediatric bronchial asthma were randomized into the oxygen-driven aerosol group [Group A, n=90] and the air compressor-driven aerosol group [Group B, n=90]. Patients in both groups received 0.5 mg budesonide suspension, 0.2 mg salbutamol and 4 mL normal saline, and following the treatment, we recorded the excellence rate, improvement rate, total effectiveness rate, and the changes in oxyhemoglobin saturation [SaO2] before and after treatment, and the remission time in two groups. In Group A, patients had a higher total effectiveness rate [95.79% vs. 75.79%] but a lower failure rate [4.21% vs. 24.21%] than those in the Group B, with statistically significant differences [p>0.05]. Following the aerosol inhalation, SaO2 levels in two groups were ameliorated in comparison with the levels before treatment [Group A: [95.4 +/- 0.4] % vs. [80.6 +/- 0.8%, Group B: [92.1 +/- 1.1]% vs. [79.3 +/- 0.7]%] [p<0.05], and the level in Group A following the treatment was higher than that in Group B [[95.4 +/- 0.4] % vs. [92.1 +/- 1.1]%] [p<0.05]. Furthermore, patients in Group A had a longer effective remission time and total remission time than those in Group B, but the differences had no statistical significance [p>0.05]. Both of the oxygen-driven aerosol inhalation and aerosol inhalation by air compressor can improve the clinical symptoms of pediatric asthma effectively, but oxygen-driven aerosol inhalation works more efficiently, with an elevated SaO2. Thus, oxygen-driven aerosol inhalation is preferred in clinical practice

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659116

ABSTRACT

At present,immunotherapies for lymphoma are becoming gradually important.Chimeric antigen receptor-modified T cells therapy,bispecific antibody and immune-checkpoint inhibitor are considered as breakthrough treatments,each has its own unique mechanism,and more advanced treatments will be developed based on them.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657252

ABSTRACT

At present,immunotherapies for lymphoma are becoming gradually important.Chimeric antigen receptor-modified T cells therapy,bispecific antibody and immune-checkpoint inhibitor are considered as breakthrough treatments,each has its own unique mechanism,and more advanced treatments will be developed based on them.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501653

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Discuss the diagnostic value of MDCT low-dose scan and post-processing technique in the infant non-metal foreign bodies in trachea. METHODS The CT imaging data of 48 cases in our hospital diagnosed as infant non-metal foreign bodies in trachea were analyzed. The scanning parameters of 128 slice spiral CT were 100 kV, 30-40 mA, layer thickness 0.9 mm, pitch 1.4. The obtained CT data were processed for multiplanar reconstruction (MPR), minimum density projection (Min-IP) and CT simulation endoscopy (CTVE). The results of CT and bronchial endoscopy were compared. RESULTS All of the low dose CT scanning image of the 48 cases met the diagnostic requirements. The detection rate of CT and bronchial endoscopy for foreign bodies had no statistical difference. For the three kinds of post-processing techniques, the detection rate of MPR and Min-IP had no statistical difference, but the detection rate of MPR and Min-IP were higher than that of the CTVE. CONCLUSION Spiral CT and postprocessing technique can accurately diagnose and localize the infant non-metal foreign bodies in trachea. It can clearly show the size and location of the foreign bodies in trachea. It has great practical value.

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