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Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 611-616, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956884


Objective:Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a highly malignant tumor with a high risk of brain metastasis (BMs). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical factors affecting the occurrence of BMs in patients with stage IIB-IIIB SCLC who achieved complete remission (CR) after thoracic radio-chemotherapy.Methods:Clinical data of 191 patients with stage IIB-IIIB SCLC who achieved CR after thoracic radio-chemotherapy in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from January 2009 to April 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Common clinical factors related to the risk of BMs, including gender, age, thoracic radiotherapy dose, combined mode of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, pretreatment serum NSE and LDH, whether PCI was performed, TMN stage and PS score, were analyzed using log-rank method for univariate analysis, COX regression method for multivariate analysis and Kaplan-Meier method to plot the survival curve.Results:Univariate analysis showed that pretreatment LDH level≥240IU, pretreatment NSE ≥17 ng/ml and no PCI were positively correlated with the risk of BMs (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the risk of BMs was only positively correlated with pretreatment LDH≥240IU [HR: 1.90, 95%CI(1.07-3.37), P=0.029], and no PCI [HR:2.08, 95%CI(1.17-3.72), P=0.013]. Conclusion:Pretreatment serum LDH levels provide important value for predicting the risk of BMs in patients with stage IIB-IIIB SCLC who achieve CR after thoracic radio-chemotherapy.

Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 450-454, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792086


To investigate the feasibility and clinical effects of lobulated free latissimus dorsi flap in repairing severe shank trauma with irregular soft tissue defect. Methods Eight patients with soft tissue defect of shank due to trauma were treated from February, 2013 to November, 2018, which were 5 males and 3 females. All wounds were irregular.The size of soft tissue defect ranged from 11.0 cm×15.0 cm to 15.0 cm×23.0 cm, with different degrees exposure of deep tissue such as bone and tendon. Five cases out of 8 were infected wound, 3 cases of which had internal fixation bracket exposed. Five infected wounds were firstly treated with negative pressure after debride-ment, then repaired with flap transplantation until the infection were completely controlled. Other wounds were re-paired directly after debridement. The free lobulated latissimus dorsi flap was designed and applied to repair the ir-regular soft tissue defect of shank.The lobulated latissimus dorsi flap with the outer branch of the thoracodorsal artery ranged from 14.0 cm×7.0 cm to 24.0 cm×8.5 cm.The lobulated latissimus dorsi flap with the inner branch of the tho-racodorsal artery ranged from 10.0 cm×5.0 cm to 15.0 cm×7.0 cm. When cutting the flap, the branch vessels should be protected to insure the continuity of the thoracodorsal artery. After spliced the 2 lobulated flaps, the thoracodorsal arteriovenous was anastomosed with the recipient region arteriovenous. All the donor sites were sutured directly. All patients were followed-up by outpatient and telephone regularly. Results Seven flaps survived well.Only 1 case of partial necrosis appeared at the distal edge of the lobulated flap and healed after wound care. All patients were fol-lowed-up from 3 to 30 months, averaged of 14 months. The texture of flap was flexible and the appearance was well. Only a linear scar was left in the donor site. The shoulder joint retained good mobility. Conclusion The lobulated latissimus dorsi flap has rich blood supply, concealed donor area and high survival rate after transplantation, which can flexibly repair the irregular soft tissue defect of the shank, and effectively prettify the appearance of the recipient area. This strategy has little effect on the appearance and function of the donor area, and worthy of promoting in clinic.

Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 269-272,281, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606578


Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of icotinib therapy alone versus icotinib combined with thoracic radiotherapy for the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with an activating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation.Methods A total of 83 patients with advanced NSCLC harboring an activating EGFR gene mutation was enrolled in this study.All the patients were randomly divided into 2 groups.Patients in group A (n =41) received thoracic radiotherapy (prescribed at 60-66 Gy) combined with icotinib (three times per day,125 mg once).Patients in group B (n =42) were given icotinib therapy alone (three times per day,125 mg once).Treatment was continued until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or death.The primary end points were median progression-free survival (mPFS) and 12 month-PFS rate.The secondary end points included objective response rate (ORR),disease control rate (DCR) and adverse events.Results With a median follow-up of 18.2 months,mPFS was 15.2 months (95% CI:12.2-17.4) in group A and 13.2 months (95% CI:10.8-14.9) in group B (x2 =4.29,P=0.036).PFS rates of 12 months for group A and group B were 70.3% and 61.2%,respectively.The ORR were 78.0% vs.57.1% (x2 =5.16,P =0.028),and the DCR were 95.1% vs.92.9% (P>0.05) in groups A and group B,respectively.No grade 3-4 adverse events was observed in both groups except the rashes (4 cases in each group).Besides,10 patients had grade 1-2 radiation-related pneumonitis and 15 patients suffered grade 1-2 radiation-related oesophagitis in group A.Conclusions In advanced NSCLC patients with an activating EGFR gene mutation,the combination of thoracic radiotherapy and icotinib had achieved an improvement on ORR and PFS with good tolerance.Clinical trial registration Chinese clinical trial registry,ChiCTRINR-16010262.