Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Add filters

Year range
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 566-571, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480809


Objective To evaluate the teaching effectiveness of applying article structure analysis to improve medical graduate students' ability to read research articles.Methods 48 medical graduate students from basic medicine school of the Fourth Military Medical University were randomly and equally divided into the experimental group and control group.In the reading ability training of scientific research papers,the experimental group used the teaching of the structure analysis,while the control group used the collective self study.Before and after the training,the two groups of students were implemented a unified reading ability test and self reading ability evaluation survey,and after the training,the teaching satisfaction survey was conducted among the experimental group only.SPSS 16 was used to analyze the correlation data and Wilcoxon for signed-rank t est.Results After training the reading ability test results showed that reading ability score (P=0.013),consumed reading time score (P=0.003) and reading efficiency (P=0.004) of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of control group.The two groups of students' self-evaluation of the reading ability showed that after training,the scores of the students in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group,and the differences were statistically significant (P values were less than 0.05).The experimental group students' teaching satisfaction survey to article structure analysis showed students' score in 6 survey contents were greater than 3,namely degree of evaluation was more than general,among which,the score of four survey contents was more than 4,that is to achieve satisfied or very satisfied.Conclttsion Applying article structure analysis can significantly improve medical graduate students' ability to read research articles.

Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 500-506, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477933


Objective To prepare dual?modality single?photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)?MRI molecular nanoprobes targeting HAb18G/CD147 expressed on breast cancer cell membranes and investigate the physicochemical and biological properties in vitro. Methods Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs) were prepared by one?pot reaction method as described. The single?chain antibody fragments HAb18F(ab')2 were conjugated to SPIOs via chemical method and then labeled with 125I using Iodogen method. The final 125I?SPIO?HAbF18(ab')2 nanoprobes were purified. SPIOs or 125I?HAb18F(ab')2 were used as control. We carried preliminary evaluation on their physicochemical properties and biological characteristics in vitro: transmission electron microscope (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) were used to measure these nanoparticle sizes and the hydrodynamic diameters. The MRI T2 transverse relaxation efficiency of these nanoprobes at different Fe2+concentrations were measured with 1.5 T clinical MR scanner. The 125I?SPIO?HAb18F(ab')2 and 125I?HAb18F(ab')2 radiochemical purity were measured by thin layer chromatography and the radio chemical yield was calculated. We also conducted stability tests in vitro and octanol/water partition coefficient experiments. Two breast tumor cell lines, MDA?MB?231 (HAb18G?overexpressing cells,experimental group) and MDA?MB?468 (control), were used for assessment of cells viability at different Fe2 + concentrations (1, 5, 10, 20, 40 μg/ml) by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay. Specific binding experiments in vitro included two parts:magnetic resonance imaging and radionuclide tests, the above?mentioned breast cancer cell lines were incubated with 125I?SPIO?HAb18F(ab')2 nanoprobes respectively and took MDA?MB?231 cells which were not treated as blank group. First comparing the MR signal intensity differences among experimental group, the control group and blank group, then calculated the rate of MRI signal changes;Two breast tumor cell lines, MDA?MB?231 and MDA?MB?468 were incubated with 125I?SPIO?HAb18F(ab')2 nanoprobes too, then measured radioactivity counting byγcounter at different time and calculated the cell binding rates, and did statistical analysis by using one?way ANOVA. Results The SPIOs were fairly homogeneous with an average core size of (10.32±1.30) nm;the SPIO and 125I?SPIO?HAb18F(ab')2 hydrodynamic diameter of 44.80 and 52.64 nm, and MRI scanning showed that the transverse relaxation efficiency of SPIO and 125I?SPIO?HAb18F(ab')2 were 38.79 and 106.73 mM-1 · s-1, respectively. The radio chemical yield of 125I?SPIO?HAbF18(ab')2 and 125I?HAb18F(ab')2 were 41.90% and 85.50%, respectively. The radio chemical yield of the two groups were >95%, suggesting well stability in vitro. The lipo?hydro partition coefficient values were -0.99 ± 0.03 and-1.49 ± 0.08, respectively, which demonstrated that they were both water?soluble substances. Different Fe2+concentrations (1,5,10,20,40μg/ml) of 125I?SPIO?HAb18F(ab')2 on breast cancer cell lines MDA?MB?231 and MDA?MB?468 showed no significant inhibition of cell proliferation (F values were 0.78, 0.66; P values were 0.58, 0.66). The cell?specific binding experiment showed: MRI signal intensity values on experimental group, the control group and the blank group were (1 670 ± 5), (1 930 ± 8), (2 349 ± 14), respectively, significant differences existed among these groups (F=4 408.48,P=0.000), the rate of signal intensity change of experimental group and the control group were 28.87%,17.78%. SPECT:MDA?MB?231 could uptake 125I?SPIO?HAb18F(ab')2, the cell binding rates were (6.52 ± 0.60)% and (10.52 ± 2.04)% in 20 min and 4 h, respectively.Conclusions Our results suggested that the dual?modality SPECT?MRI nanoprobes 125I?SPIO?HAb18F(ab')2 were prepared successfully with good physicochemical properties and biological characteristics in vitro. These dual?modality molecular imaging nano?probes may have potential to improvearly detection and diagnosis of HAb18G/CD147?expressing cancers and to facilitate the development of HAb18G/CD147?directed interventions.