Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 221
Filter
1.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 185-192, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996210

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of SHOX2 and RASSF1A gene promoter region methylation detection for screening and diagnosis of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma.Methods:The mRNA sequencing data of 471 lung adenocarcinoma patients and corresponding methylation data of 413 cases were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, the methylation levels of SHOX2 and RASSF1A gene promoter regions were calculated, and the difference in methy lation level between normal lung tissues and tumor tissues was analyzed. The clinical data of 54 patients with early-stage lung adenocarcinoma and 31 patients with benign lung tumors who underwent surgery at Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University Medical School from January 2018 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The methylation status of SHOX2 and RASSF1A in tumor tissues and normal lung tissues (>5 cm from the edge of the tumor foci) (called clinical samples) was detect, and a positive methylation in the promoter region of either gene was considered as a combination of two genes methylation positivity. Using pathological diagnosis as the gold standard, the efficacy of gene methylation positivity in diagnosing early-stage lung adenocarcinoma was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Patients with >80% of tumor cells in paraffin samples were screened, and mRNA high-throughput sequencing was performed in their tumor tissues and normal lung tissues. The relationship between positive methylation of the two genes and clinicopathological features was analyzed, and the correlation between the promoter region methylation level of the two genes and mRNA expression levels in clinical samples and TCGA database samples was analyzed by Spearman method. Gene set variance analysis (GSVA) method was used to analyze the differences in Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment pathways between two-gene methylation-positive clinical lung adenocarcinoma samples and corresponding methylation-negative lung adenocarcinoma.Results:In TCGA database, the SHOX2 promoter region methylation island contained 6 sequenced methylation sites, of which sites cg04532033 and cg01557547 methylation levels were higher in lung adenocarcinoma tissues than in normal lung tissues (both P < 0.05); the RASSF1A gene promoter region methylation island contained 11 sequenced methylation sites, and the methylation levels of 6 of these sites in lung adenocarcinoma tissues were higher than those in normal lung tissues (all P < 0.05). Compared with normal lung tissues, the methylation level of SHOX2 promoter region was higher in stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ lung adenocarcinoma tissues (both P < 0.05); the methylation level of RASSF1A promoter region was higher in all stages of lung adenocarcinoma ( P < 0.001). Among 54 patients with early-stage lung adenocarcinoma, 28 were positive for SHOX2 promoter region methylation in tumor tissues, 21 were positive for RASSF1A promoter region methylation, and 40 were positive for combined methylation of both genes; 31 benign lung nodules were negative for SHOX2 and RASSF1A methylation. ROC curve analysis showed that the sensitivity of positive SHOX2 promoter region methylation for diagnosing early-stage lung adenocarcinoma was higher than that of RASSF1A promoter region methylation positivity (51.8% vs. 38.9%), and the area under the curve (AUC) for diagnosis by two-gene methylation positivity was larger than that for diagnosis by SHOX2 or RASSF1A gene methylation positivity alone (0.870 vs. 0.759 and 0.694). The circulating thresholds (Ct) of SHOX2 and RASSF1A methylation tested by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ lung adenocarcinoma were lower than those in normal lung tissues (all P < 0.05); patients with two-gene methylation positivity were characterized by older age, longer tumor longest diameter and more advanced pathological stage compared with patients with two-gene methylation negativity (all P < 0.05). In clinical stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ lung adenocarcinoma samples, the Ct of SHOX2 and RASSF1A promoter region methylation tested by qRT-PCR was negatively correlated with their mRNA relative expression levels ( r=-0.43, P = 0.003; r = -0.48, P = 0.001); in TCGA database stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ lung adenocarcinoma samples, the level of SHOX2 promoter region methylation was negatively correlated with its mRNA relative expression level ( r = -0.23, P < 0.001), and the level of RASSF1A promoter region methylation was also negatively correlated with its mRNA relative expression level, but without statistical difference ( r = -0.05, P = 0.310). In two-gene promoter methylation-positive lung adenocarcinoma samples, the pathways related to folate metabolism and DNA stability were upregulated, and the pathways related to vasoconstriction and cell growth and differentiation were downregulated. Conclusions:The combined detection of SHOX2 and RASSF1A promoter region methylation can be used as an indicator for screening and diagnosis of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma. Abnormal promoter region methylation of the two genes may affect multiple tumor-related pathways and promote the occurrence and progression of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma.

2.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 267-271, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994403

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the ability of 68Ga-Pentixafor (nuclide ligand imaging agents for chemokine receptor 4) PET/CT to differentiate between aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) and adrenal nonfunctional adenoma (NFA), and to assess how well this imaging method correlates with clinical features and postoperative outcomes. Methods:This was a cross-sectional study involving 73 APA and 12 NFA patients who received 68Ga-Pentixafor PET/CT imaging at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from August 2018 to October 2021. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the differential value of visual analysis and the maximum standard uptake value (SUV max) of the focus on APA and NFA. The related factors of SUV max, and its predictive effect on postoperative outcomes were analyzed using Pearson or Spearman analysis and χ2 text. Results:68Ga-Pentixafor PET/CT imaging was positive in 64 APA patients (sensitivity=87.7%) and negative in all 12 NFA patients (specificity=100%). The area under the ROC curve with SUV max differentiating APA and NFA was 0.932 ( P<0.001). When the SUV max cut-off point was 6.23, the sensitivity was 80.8% and the specificity was 100%. The SUV max correlated positively with lesion size ( r=0.598) and aldosterone/renin activity ratio ( r=0.313) and correlated negatively with potassium level ( r=-0.286), renin activity ( r=-0.240) and age of diagnosis ( r=-0.273) (all P<0.05). Of the patients who underwent adrenalectomy and received more than 6 months of post-surgical follow-up, the clinical complete remission rate was higher for 68Ga-Pentixafor PET/CT imaging-positive patients than imaging-negative patients (24/39 vs. 0/4, P=0.031). Conclusions:68Ga-Pentixafor PET/CT is effective at differentiating between APA and NFA. The SUV max of 68Ga-Pentixafor PET/CT correlates with age at onset, lesion size, and the severity of clinical manifestations, and is able to predict postoperative outcomes.

3.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 357-364, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986798

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the feasibility of Cai tube-assisted natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) in gastrointestinal surgery. Methods: This was a descriptive case-series study. Inclusion criteria: (1) colorectal or gastric cancer diagnosed by preoperative pathological examination or redundant sigmoid or transverse colon detected by barium enema; (2) indications for laparoscopic surgery; (3) body mass index <30 kg/m2 (transanal surgery) and 35 kg/m2 (transvaginal surgery); (4) no vaginal stenosis or adhesions in female patients undergoing transvaginal specimen extraction; and (5) patients with redundant colon aged 18-70 years and a history of intractable constipation for more than 10 years. Exclusion criteria: (1) colorectal cancer with intestinal perforation or obstruction, or gastric cancer with gastric perforation, gastric hemorrhage, or pyloric obstruction; (2) simultaneous resection of lung, bone, or liver metastases ; (3) history of major abdominal surgery or intestinal adhesions; and (4) incomplete clinical data. From January 2014 to October 2022, 209 patients with gastrointestinal tumors and 25 with redundant colons who met the above criteria were treated by NOSES utilizing a Cai tube (China invention patent number:ZL201410168748.2) in the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Xiamen University. The procedures included eversion and pull-out NOSES radical resection in 14 patients with middle and low rectal cancer, NOSES radical left hemicolectomy in 171 patients with left-sided colorectal cancer, NOSES radical right hemicolectomy in 12 patients with right-sided colon cancer, NOSES systematic mesogastric resection in 12 patients with gastric cancer, and NOSES subtotal colectomy in 25 patients with redundant colons. All specimens were collected by using an in-house-made anal cannula (Cai tube) with no auxiliary incisions. The primary outcomes included 1-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) and postoperative complications. Results: Among 234 patients, 116 were male and 118 were female. The mean age was (56.6±10.9) years. NOSES was successfully completed in all patients without conversion to open surgery or procedure-related death. The negative rate of circumferential resection margin was 98.8% (169/171) with both two positive cases having left-sided colorectal cancer. Postoperative complications occurred in 37 patients (15.8%), including 11 cases (4.7%) of anastomotic leakage, 3 cases(1.3%) of anastomotic bleeding, 2 cases (0.9%) of intraperitoneal bleeding, 4 cases (1.7%) of abdominal infection, and 8 cases (3.4%) of pulmonary infection. Reoperations were required in 7 patients (3.0%), all of whom consented to creation of an ileostomy after anastomotic leakage. The total readmission rate within 30 days after surgery was 0.9% (2/234). After a follow-up of (18.3±3.6) months, the 1-year RFS was 94.7%. Five of 209 patients (2.4%) with gastrointestinal tumors had local recurrence, all of which was anastomotic recurrence. Sixteen patients (7.7%) developed distant metastases, including liver metastases(n=8), lung metastases(n=6), and bone metastases (n=2). Conclusion: NOSES assisted by Cai tube is feasible and safe in radical resection of gastrointestinal tumors and subtotal colectomy for redundant colon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Anastomotic Leak/surgery , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colectomy , Postoperative Complications , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 644-650, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971907

ABSTRACT

Antiviral therapy is the basic treatment method for improving prognosis recommended in the management guidelines of chronic hepatitis B in China and globally. For patients with chronic HBV infection and normal transaminases, it is difficult in clinical practice to accurately evaluate the progression of hepatitis and identify suitable patients who need antiviral therapy. In order to objectively and accurately evaluate the degree of liver inflammatory activity in such patients, more and more noninvasive evaluation indicators have been used in addition to conventional liver biopsy. This article reviews the new serological indicators that can reflect the degree of liver inflammation and/or fibrosis in patients with chronic HBV infection and normal aminotransferase levels, hoping to provide a reference for antiviral decision-making in these patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 171-176, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973701

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the improvements of high-fat intake on lung injury induced by Paragonimus proliferus infection in rats, and to preliminarily explore the mechanisms underlying the role of cytochrome P450 4A1 (CYP 4A1) in the improve ments. Methods SD rats were randomly assigned into three groups, including the normal control group (n = 10), the infection and normal diet group (n = 12) and the infection and high-fat diet group (n = 12). Rats in the normal control group were fed with normal diet and without any other treatments, and animals in the infection and normal diet group were subcutaneously injected with 8 excysted metacercariae of P. proliferus via the abdominal wall, followed by feeding with normal diet, while rats in the infection and high-fat diet group were subcutaneously injected with 8 excysted metacercariae of P. proliferus via the abdominal wall, followed by feeding with high-fat diet. All rats were sacrificed 28 weeks post-infection, and serum samples and lung specimens were collected. Following hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining of rat lung specimens, the rat lung injury was observed under an optical microscope, and alveolitis was evaluated using semi-quantitative scoring. Serum interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the cytochrome P450 4A1 (CYP 4A1) expression was quantified in rat lung specimens at transcriptional and translational levels using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and Western blotting assays. Results Alveolar wall thickening, edema and inflammatory cell infiltration were alleviated 28 weeks post-infection with P. proliferus in rats in the infection and high-fat diet group relative to the infection and normal diet group, and no alveolar consolidation was seen in the infection and high-fat diet group. The semi-quantitative score of alveolitis was significantly higher in the infection and normal diet group [(2.200 ± 0.289) points] than in the normal control group [(0.300 ± 0.083) points] and the infection and high-fat diet group [(1.300 ± 0.475) points] (both P values < 0.05), and higher serum IL-1β [(151.586 ± 20.492)] pg/mL and TNF-α levels [(180.207 ± 23.379) pg/mL] were detected in the infection and normal diet group than in the normal control group [IL-1β: (103.226 ± 3.366) pg/mL; TNF-α: (144.807 ± 1.348) pg/mL] and the infection and high-fat diet group [IL-1β: (110.131 ± 12.946) pg/mL; TNF-α: (131.764 ± 27.831) pg/mL] (all P values < 0.05). In addition, lower CYP 4A1 mRNA (3.00 ± 0.81) and protein expression (0.40 ± 0.02) was quantified in lung specimens in the infection and normal diet group than in the normal control group [(5.03 ± 2.05) and (0.84 ± 0.14)] and the infection and high-fat diet group [(11.19 ± 3.51) and (0.68 ± 0.18)] (all P values < 0.05). Conclusion High-fat intake may alleviate lung injuries caused by P. proliferus infection in rats through up-regulating CYP 4A1 expression in lung tissues at both translational and transcriptional levels.

6.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 918-928, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009003

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To prepare a novel hyaluronic acid methacrylate (HAMA) hydrogel microspheres loaded polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane-diclofenac sodium (POSS-DS) patricles, then investigate its physicochemical characteristics and in vitro and in vivo biological properties.@*METHODS@#Using sulfhydryl POSS (POSS-SH) as a nano-construction platform, polyethylene glycol and DS were chemically linked through the "click chemistry" method to construct functional nanoparticle POSS-DS. The composition was analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and the morphology was characterized by transmission electron microscopy. In order to achieve drug sustained release, POSS-DS was encapsulated in HAMA, and hybrid hydrogel microspheres were prepared by microfluidic technology, namely HAMA@POSS-DS. The morphology of the hybrid hydrogel microspheres was characterized by optical microscope and scanning electron microscope. The in vitro degradation and drug release efficiency were observed. Cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) and live/dead staining were used to detect the effect on chondrocyte proliferation. Moreover, a chondrocyte inflammation model was constructed and cultured with HAMA@POSS-DS. The relevant inflammatory indicators, including collagen type Ⅱ, aggrecan (AGG), matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13), recombinant A disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin 5 (Adamts5), and recombinant tachykinin precursor 1 (TAC1) were detected by immunofluorescence staining and real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, with normal cultured chondrocytes and the chondrocyte inflammation model without treatment as control group and blank group respectively to further evaluate their anti-inflammatory activity. Finally, by constructing a rat model of knee osteoarthritis, the effectiveness of HAMA@POSS-DS on osteoarthritis was evaluated by X-ray film and Micro-CT examination.@*RESULTS@#The overall particle size of POSS-DS nanoparticles was uniform with a diameter of about 100 nm. HAMA@POSS-DS hydrogel microspheres were opaque spheres with a diameter of about 100 μm and a spherical porous structure. The degradation period was 9 weeks, during which the loaded POSS-DS nanoparticles were slowly released. CCK-8 and live/dead staining showed no obvious cytotoxicity at HAMA@POSS-DS, and POSS-DS released by HAMA@POSS-DS significantly promoted cell proliferation (P<0.05). In the chondrocyte anti-inflammatory experiment, the relative expression of collagen type Ⅱ mRNA in HAMA@POSS-DS group was significantly higher than that in control group and blank group (P<0.05). The relative expression level of AGG mRNA was significantly higher than that of blank group (P<0.05). The relative expressions of MMP-13, Adamts5, and TAC1 mRNA in HAMA@POSS-DS group were significantly lower than those in blank group (P<0.05). In vivo experiments showed that the joint space width decreased after operation in rats with osteoarthritis, but HAMA@POSS-DS delayed the process of joint space narrowing and significantly improved the periarticular osteophytosis (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#HAMA@POSS-DS can effectively regulate the local inflammatory microenvironment and significantly promote chondrocyte proliferation, which is conducive to promoting cartilage regeneration and repair in osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Matrix Metalloproteinase 13 , Microspheres , Hydrogels , Collagen Type II , Diclofenac , Inflammation , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy , Hyaluronic Acid , Aggrecans
7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 812-817, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993926

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT targeting for CXCR4 in the diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of primary aldosteronism (PA). Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed on information of 72 patients diagnosed with PA who received operations according to the results of 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT in our hospital. There were 37 males and 35 females, with the average age of (48.3±9.5) years old. The average lesion diameter was (1.60 ± 0.54)cm. The preoperative systolic and diastolic blood pressure were (177.3 ± 23.9)mmHg and (107.6 ± 13.2)mmHg, respectively. The average preoperative potassium level was (2.62 ± 0.56)mmol/L. The average aldosterone concentration was (17.98 ± 4.66)ng/dl, and the median plasma renin activity was 0.01 (0.01, 0.09) ng/(ml·h). All patients underwent 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT examination, which lead to the decision of surgical strategies. For those patients with single lesion, multiple lesions in one side or positive lesion in one side but negative in the opposite side, surgical resection of the positive side lesion or total adrenalectomy was considered. For those patients with bilateral positive lesions, surgical resection of the side with more significant positive lesions or total adrenalectomy was considered. For those with negative multiple lesions, the surgical strategy was designed according to the results of CT examination or AVS. The positive rate of 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT and its relationship with the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients were analyzed. Results:The results of 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT were positive in 62 of 72 patients diagnosed with PA (86.1%), and the median SUVmax value was 11.1 (7.1, 16.2). The SUVmax value was positively correlated with the maximum diameter of adrenal lesion ( r=0.468) and negatively correlated with blood potassium levels ( r=-0.437), while not significantly correlated with other clinical characteristics. The positive rate of adenoma by 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT was higher than that of nodular hyperplasia [90.5%(57/63) vs. 55.6%(5/9), P=0.018], and the SUVmax value in adenoma was also higher than that in nodular hyperplasia [11.9(7.8, 16.2) vs. 4.3(3.4, 11.3), P=0.022]. 32 cases were cured after operations, and 37 cases were improved. And 3 cases were not cured. The SUVmax value of lesions in the cured patients was higher than that in the improved patients [15.4(8.1, 22.7) vs. 10.1(6.8, 13.3), P=0.013]. Among 59 cases of PA patients with single adrenal lesions, 50 cases represented positive results of 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT. 23 cases in 50 positive cases were cured and 27 cases were improved after resection of positive lesions. In the 13 PA patients with multiple adrenal lesions who underwent surgery according to the results of 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT, 12 patients (92.3%) showed postoperative prognosis in line with preoperative expectations. Conclusions:68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT showed high positive rate in the diagnosis of PA, especially for adenoma.The SUVmax value of the adrenal lesion was correlated with the blood potassium level, the size of the lesion and the postoperative prognosis. In addition, 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT could effectively guide the surgical decision of PA.

8.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 927-933, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989176

ABSTRACT

Intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD) is an important cause of ischemic stroke. Accurate clinical and imaging evaluation is helpful to its hierarchical management and individualized treatment. With the gradual maturation of intracranial artery wall imaging technology, the stroke mechanism of ICAD can be further understood through plaque vulnerability characteristics and the optimal stroke prevention strategy can be developed. This article reviews the different vulnerable characteristics, evaluation methods and current research progress of intracranial atherosclerotic plaques.

9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 641-647, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958908

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the difference in immune microenvironment between primary tumor tissues and metastatic tumor tissues of metastatic colorectal cancer, and to screen specific immune-related differentially expressed genes (DEG) related to prognosis of metastatic colorectal cancer via bioinformatics methods.Methods:The GSE131418 microarray dataset of colorectal cancer and metastases was downloaded from gene expression omnibus (GEO) database, including 517 samples from the MCC cohort and 618 samples from the Consortium cohort in Moffitt Cancer Center. Immune-related gene sets were downloaded from immunology database and analysis portal IMMPORT, including 2 483 immune-related genes. A total of 695 cases of RNA sequencing data and 627 cases of clinical information of colorectal cancer tumors and adjacent tissues were downloaded from Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data. The stroma cell score, immune cell score and stromal immune total score of metastatic tumor tissues and primary tumor tissues were calculated by using ESTIMATE algorithm, and 22 kinds of immune cell infiltration in primary tumor and metastatic tumor tissues of colorectal cancer were compared and analyzed by using CIBERSORT deconvolution algorithm. Immune-related DEG were screened to make Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Gnomes (KEGG) signaling pathway enrichment analysis. The patients were divided into high and low expression groups according to the median expression levels of immune-related DEG. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression risk model were used to analyze immune-related DEG, and the genes significantly related to prognosis in the results of the two methods were screened (all P < 0.01), and multivariate analysis was performed by using Cox regression method. The expression differences of each gene in tumor tissues, adjacent tissues, primary tumor tissues and metastatic tissues in GSE131418 data sets of TCGA database and GEO database were compared, and survival analysis was also performed. Results:The stroma cell score, immune cell score and stromal immune total score of colorectal cancer metastatic tissues were lower than those of primary tumor tissues (all P < 0.001). Compared with primary tumor tissues, the proportion of activated natural killer (NK) cells, monocytes, CD8 + T cells, T cells, activated dendritic cells in metastatic colorectal cancer tissues was increased, while the proportion of inactive mast cells, inactive dendritic cells, inactive NK cells, activated memory CD4 + T cells, M1 macrophages, and neutrophils was decreased. There were 289 immune-related DEG in metastatic tissues and primary tumor tissues of metastatic colorectal cancer, including 101 up-regulated genes and 188 down-regulated genes. KEGG signaling pathway enrichment analysis showed that in the immune microenvironment of metastatic tissues in metastatic colorectal cancer, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway, programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression and programmed death 1 (PD-1) checkpoint pathway, T helper cell (Th) 1, Th2 and Th17 cell differentiation, NF-kappa B signaling pathway, interleukin 17 (IL-17) signaling pathway, chemokine signaling pathway, T cell receptor signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, and NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity pathways enrichment were detected. Immune-related DEG related to prognosis including ANGPTL5, FPR1, HSPA8, NR2E3, PSMD2, PSMD8 and SBDS were screened out. Cox regression multivariate analysis showed that immune-related DEG ANGPTL5 ( HR = 2.69, 95% CI 1.22-5.92, P < 0.05), HSPA8 ( HR = 0.57, 95% CI 0.33-0.97, P < 0.05), and SBDS ( HR = 2.23, 95% CI 1.18-4.21, P < 0.05) were independent prognostic factors for metastatic colorectal cancer. The expression of ANGPTL5 in tumor tissues was lower than that in normal tissues, and the expression of ANGPTL5 in metastatic tissues was higher than that in primary tumor tissues. Patients with high expression of ANGPTL5 in tumor tissues had worse prognosis. The expression of HSPA8 in tumor tissues was higher than that in normal tissues, and the expression of HSPA8 in metastatic tissues was lower than that in primary tumor tissues. Patients with high expression of HSPA8 in tumor tissues had a better prognosis. The expression of SBDS in tumor tissues was lower than that in normal tissues, and the expression of SBDS in metastatic tissues was lower than that in primary tumor tissues. Patients with high expression of SBDS in tumor tissues had worse prognosis. Conclusions:Immune microenvironment of metastatic colorectal cancer is quite different from that of primary tumor. The degree of immune cell infiltration is reduced and the whole is immunosuppressed. The specific immune-related DEG related to prognosis of metastatic colorectal cancer may be new therapeutic targets of metastatic colorectal cancer.

10.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 971-974, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955788

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of concentrated growth factor (CGF) in the reduction of pain and swelling after bone augmentation during surgery for odontogenic maxillary cyst.Methods:Sixteen patients with odontogenic maxillary cysts who underwent bone augmentation during surgery between June 2018 and December 2019 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into two groups ( n = 8/group). In the observation group, CGF and bone substitutes were mixed and covered with biofilm. In the control group, bone powder was used to fill the bone cavity, and artificial biofilm was applied. Postoperative swelling, pain, and scar hyperplasia were compared between the two groups. Pain was rated according to visual analogue score. Swelling was divided into three grades according to the level of swelling. Scar was compared according to vancouver scar scale. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 20.0 software. Results:The percentage of grade 1-3 swelling in the observation group were 62.5% (5/8), 37.5% (3/8) and 0.0% (0/8), respectively, and they were 50.0% (4/8), 37.5% (3/8), 12.5%(1/8), respectively ( Z = -1.71, P > 0.05). There was significant difference in the duration of swelling between observation and control groups [(3.8 ± 0.9) days vs. (5.8 ± 1.4) days, t = 6.88, P < 0.05]. At 3, 7 and 14 days after surgery, visual analogue score was (2.21 ± 0.25) points, (3.75 ± 0.22) points and (0.57 ± 0.13) points in the observation group and it was (3.76 ± 0.18) points, (2.38 ± 0.26) points, and (2.38 ± 0.26) points in the control group ( t = 14.23, t = 11.29, t = 17.61, all P < 0.001). At 1, 2 and 4 weeks after surgery, vancouver scar scale score was (4.26 ± 0.26) points, (1.22 ± 0.13) points and (2.47 ± 0.11) points in the observation group, and it was (6.35 ± 0.27) points, (4.47 ± 0.73) points and (2.77 ± 0.21) points in the control group ( t = 15.77, t = 2.67, t = 3.58, P < 0.001). Conclusion:CGF can promote postoperative bone defect repair and wound healing and reduce postoperative swelling, pain and scar.

11.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 604-611, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943042

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the mid-term efficacy of laparoscopic-assisted natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) colectomy using the Cai tube in the treatment of left colorectal cancer. Methods: A prospective randomized control trial (China Clinical Trials Registration Number: ChiCTR-OOR-15007060) was performed. Sixty patients with left colorectal cancer at Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery of Zhongshan Hospital from September 2015 to August 2017 were prospectively enrolled. Case inclusion criteria: (1) left colorectal adenocarcinoma (rectal cancer with distance ≥ 8 cm from tumor low margin to anal edge, sigmoid colon cancer, descending colon cancer and left transverse colon cancer) confirmed by preoperative pathology; (2) satisfactory conditions of conventional laparoscopic surgery; (3) maximum diameter of the tumor < 4.5 cm confirmed by preoperative abdominal and pelvic CT or MRI; (4) BMI < 30 kg/m2. Case exclusion criteria: (1) benign lesions, mucinous adenocarcinoma, signet-ring cell carcinoma and other special pathological types of tumors confirmed by preoperative pathological examination; (2) multiple or recurrent cancers; (3) with a history of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy; (4) obvious regional infiltration or distant metastasis indicated by preoperative imaging examination; (5) intestinal obstruction, intestinal perforation, etc. Participants were randomly assigned to NOSES group (using the Cai tube) and conventional laparoscopy (CL) group by random number table method. Clinical data between two groups were compared and analyzed, including perioperative conditions, tumor exfoliation cell detection and bacterial culture results of intraperitoneal lavage fluid, postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo grading), postoperative pain [visual simulation scoring (VAS) assessment], anal function (Kirwan anal function grading assessment), and postoperative 3-year disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), overall recurrence rate, and local recurrence rate. Results: A total of 60 patients were enrolled, with 30 in the NOSES group and 30 in the CL group. All the patients in the NOSES group successfully completed operation with Cai tube. Baseline data between the two groups were not significantly different (all P>0.05). There were no statistically significant differences between two groups in conversion rate to open surgery, number of lymph node harivested, proximal and distal resection margin of tumor, negative rate of circumferential margin, operation time, blood loss, inflammatory indexes, postoperative anal function, postoperative hospital stay, hospitalization cost, morbidity of postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo grade II or above) (all P>0.05). Compared to the CL group, the NOSES group had lower maximum postoperative VAS score (2.5±0.3 vs. 5.1±0.4, t=3.187, P<0.01), and fewer use of additional postoperative analgesia [6.7% (2/30) vs. 33.3% (10/30),χ2=6.670, P=0.02]. The postoperative time to gas passage was shorter in the NOSES group [(2.2±1.4) days vs. (3.1±1.2) days,P=0.026]. No tumor cells and bacterial contamination were found in abdominal lavage fluid before and after operation in either group. The anal function at postoperative 3-month of all the patients in the NOSES group was Kirwan grade I to II, while in the CL group, anal function of 2 cases (6.7%) was Kirwan grade III, and of 28 cases was also Kirwan grade I to II, whose difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). In the NOSES group and the CL group, 3-year DFS was 96.7% and 83.3% (P=0.090), OS was 100% and 90% (P=0.096), overall recurrence rate was 3.3% and 10.0% (P=0.166), and local recurrence rate was 3.3% and 3.3% (P=0.999), respectively, whose differences were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). Conclusions: In the treatment of left colorectal cancer, compared with conventional laparoscopic colectomy, NOSES colectomy using Cai tube exhibits less scar, less postoperative pain, shorter recovery of gastrointestinal function, and similar mid-term outcomes. Given proper surgical indications, the surgical procedure is safe and feasible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Laparoscopy , Pain, Postoperative , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Prospective Studies , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sigmoid Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
12.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 233-237, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005009

ABSTRACT

Rare kidney diseases are important causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children. The majority of rare kidney diseases in children are hereditary kidney diseases, accounting for about 29.7% to 52.1% of children with CKD. Next-generation sequencing has been widely used in clinical diagnosis in the past decade, leading to the improvement of the diagnosis of hereditary kidney diseases. In 2018, China announced the first list of rare diseases and greatly enhanced the diagnosis, treatment and research of rare diseases in China, including rare kidney disease. Meanwhile, China faces great challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of hereditary kidney diseases in Children, including the assessment of pathogenicity of gene variants, the lack of biomarkers for disease progression and therapy efficacy, lack of drugs, and others. The future lies in the cooperation between patients, physicians, researchers, and health policy markers, and the fast translation from research finding to clinical application, so as to meet the demand from the children with rare kidney diseases in China.

13.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 72-77, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004987

ABSTRACT

Transthyretin-related amyloid cardiomyopathy (ATTR-CM) is a disease caused by the depo-sition of insoluble amyloid fibers formed by the misfolding of transthyretin precursor protein in the intercellular space of cardiomyocytes. This lesion may lead to myocardial dysfunction, cogestive heart failure, and death.When diagnosed earlier, the patient can be treated with drugs as soon as possible to intervene in the progress of the disease, so as to effectively improve the patient's prognosis.99mtechnetium-pyrophosphate (99Tcm-PYP)single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) has been widely used in the imaging examination of cardiac amyloidosis (CA) in recent years. While achieving early non-invasive diagnosis, accurate pathological classification can be obtained through Perugini visual score analysis, semi-quantitative analysis of heart to contralateral lung (H/CL) ratio, and SPECT image analysis. This article presents the application, methods, and the precautions of 99Tcm-PYPSPECT in the diagnosis of ATTR-CM, aiming to provide clinical reference for the application of this technology.

14.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 7-12, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004986

ABSTRACT

Rare diseases have been a major challenge for clinical medicine and public health challenge in China. One of the effective measures is to conduct proactive research on rare diseases to deal with the disease burden of the diseases. However, low prevalence, disperse distribution of patients, lack of knowledge about the disease course, and phenotype heterogeneity hamper the development of research for rare diseases. Recently, it has been found that patients registry is effective in understanding the course of the disease and accu- mulating the cases and data of clinical research or clinical trial design. At present, most of developed countries or regions in the world have promoted clinical research and clinical trials of new medications on rare diseases by using the registration of rare disease. In 2016, Peking Union Medical College Hospital established China's first registry system at the national level-National Rare Disease Registry System of China(NRDRS). NRDRS has accumulated 68 137 cases data registered by the researchers from China's 101 collaborating hospitals in 29 provinces/municipalities/autonomous regions, covering 171 different, and forming 188 cohorts. To date, NRDRS complete the initial stage of resources buildup.Nex stage will be focused on clinical research and clinical trials related to rare diseases based on NRDRS. This article is on the process of building NRDRS, the potential support for conducting clinical research and clinical trials related to rare diseases, and the challenges will be faced.

15.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 480-485, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935173

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the consistency on the determination of target heart rate by simple calculation method based on resting heart rate and by anaerobic threshold method in cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) for patients with coronary artery disease after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: This study was a diagnostic test. Patients with coronary artery disease who underwent the first PCI in the Department of Cardiology of Peking University People's Hospital from October 2011 to April 2021 were enrolled. Patients were further divided into subgroups according to gender, age (<60 years group and ≥60 years group), with or without myocardial infarction history (myocardial infarction group and angina pectoris group) and whether β blockers were applied. The general clinical data of patients, resting heart rate (RHR) and anaerobic threshold heart rate in CPET were collected through the electronic medical record system. The simple target rate (RHR plus 20 or 30 bpm) and the target rate calculated by anaerobic threshold (anaerobic threshold heart rate minus 10 bpm) were both calculated in each patient. Consistency test of target heart rate derived by above the two methods was shown by intra-class correlation (ICC) and Bland-Altman plots. Results: A total of 439 patients were included, age was (56.2±8.8) years, body mass index was (25.77±2.34) kg/m2, there were 382 males (87.0%). The target heart rate determined by anaerobic threshold method was (90.0±11.8)bpm, and the simple target heart rate determined by RHR plus 20 bpm was (91.0±8.4)bpm. There was no significant difference on the target heart rate derived from the two calculation methods (P=0.091). The simple target heart rate determined by RHR plus 30 bpm was (101.0±8.4)bpm, which was significant higher than that determined by anaerobic threshold method (P<0.001). In the following analysis, RHR plus 20 bpm was defined as the simple target heart rate. The ICC value of target heart rate determined by anaerobic threshold and resting rate plus 20 bpm was 0.529(95%CI 0.458-0.593, P<0.001). Bland-Altman plots analysis showed that the ratio of the simple target heart rate and the target heart rate determined by anaerobic threshold method was 1.03±0.11 and the 95% limits of agreement (LOA) were 0.812-1.245. In the subgroup of patients aged<60 years (n=247), the ICC value was 0.492, the ratio by Bland-Altman plots analysis was 1.02±0.11 and LOA was 0.814-1.234; in the subgroup of patients aged ≥60 years (n=192), the ICC value was 0.566, the ratio by Bland-Altman plots analysis was 1.03±0.11 and LOA was 0.810-1.260. In male subgroup(n=382), the ICC value was 0.540, the ratio by Bland-Altman plots analysis was 1.03±0.11 and LOA was 0.813-1.246; in female subgroup(n=57), the ICC value was 0.445, the ratio by Bland-Altman plots analysis was 1.03±0.11 and LOA was 0.810-1.240.In myocardial infarction subgroup (n=186), the ICC value was 0.568, the ratio by Bland-Altman plots analysis was 1.02±0.11 and LOA was 0.810-1.227; in angina pectoris subgroup (n=253), the ICC value was 0.495, the ratio by Bland-Altman plots analysis was 1.04±0.11 and LOA was 0.813-1.260. In the subgroup of patients with β blockers (n=353), the ICC value was 0.520, the ratio by Bland-Altman plots analysis was 1.03±0.11 and LOA was 0.810-1.252; in the subgroup of patients without β blockers (n=86), the ICC value was 0.570, the ratio by Bland-Altman plots analysis was 1.02±0.10 and LOA was 0.821-1.219. Conclusions: The simple target heart rate determined by RHR plus 20 bpm is consistent with the target heart rate determined by anaerobic threshold in patients with coronary artery disease after PCI. But the simple target heart rate determined by RHR plus 20 bpm can't replace the target heart rate determined by anaerobic threshold in this patient cohort.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists , Anaerobic Threshold , Angina Pectoris , Coronary Artery Disease , Heart Rate/physiology , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
16.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 352-356, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932937

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the capability of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging in monitoring combined immunotherapy response and detecting immune related adverse events (irAEs) in patients with advanced hepatobiliary carcinoma. Methods:From August 2018 to July 2019, 21 patients (14 males, 7 females, age (58.5±10.0) years) with advanced hepatobiliary carcinoma routinely underwent 66 18F-FDG PET/CT examinations in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. SUV max, the occurrence time and symptoms of irAEs were obtained and analyzed. Therapy response (complete metabolic response (CMR), partial metabolic response (PMR), stable metabolic disease (SMD), progressive metabolic disease (PMD)) was evaluated according to PET response criteria in solid tumors (PERCIST). Results:(1) Clinical results. Twenty-two irAEs occurred in 16 patients, while were not found in 5 patients. Six organs were involved, including thyroiditis(8), colitis(5), pneumonitis(4), rash(2), hepatitis(2), myositis and fasciitis(1). The appearance time of each irAEs were (103.0±58.0), (141.6±103.5), 34.0(6.0, 308.8), 9 and 117, 62 and 67, and 87 d after therapy, respectively. PET/CT detected all pneumonitis and myositis and fasciitis, but no rash and hepatitis were found. For colitis and thyroiditis, PET/CT detected 4 and 6 times respectively. (2) PET/CT signs of irAEs. Except thyroiditis, all irAEs lesions exhibited exudative changes in CT and high-avidity in PET. SUV max of the lesions were 9.0(7.9, 17.6) (colitis), 7.1±3.2 (thyroiditis), 5.3 and 8.6 (pneumonitis), 4.1 (myositis and fasciitis), respectively. (3) Therapy assessment. Among 21 patients, there were 7 for PMR, 9 for SMD, 5 for PMD, which were 7, 8, 1 in patients with irAEs and 0, 1, 4 in patients without irAEs. Conclusions:Patients with advanced hepatobiliary carcinoma can benefit from combined immunotherapy. 18F-FDG PET/CT can be used to evaluate the efficacy of immunotherapy by detecting the changes of tumor lesions and the occurrence of irAEs simultaneously. However, it is necessary to use CT to distinguish tumor progression from irAEs.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 1-6, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932887

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application of different imaging methods of 99Tc m-pyrophosphate (PYP) in the diagnosis and pathological classification of cardiac amyloidosis (CA). Methods:A total of 31 patients (22 males, 9 females, age 21-81(57.2±13.4) years) with suspected CA who underwent 99Tc m-PYP dual-phase scintigraphy (early-phase: 1 h, delay-phase: 2-3 h) and SPECT/CT (1 h) between December 2018 and December 2019 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were retrospectively included. Taking clinical diagnosis as the standard, the results of visual score (≥2, positive) and semi-quantitative values (heart to contralateral lung (H/CL)≥1.5, positive) of 99Tc m-PYP uptake in dual-phase scintigraphy and SPECT/CT imaging were analyzed. One-way analysis of variance and Bonferroni test were used to analyze the data. Results:Among 31 patients with suspected CA, 15 were clinically diagnosed as CA (5 patients with transthyretin-related CA (ATTR-CA) and 10 patients with light chain CA (AL-CA)) and 16 were diagnosed as non-CA. All 5 patients with ATTR-CA had positive dual-phase scintigraphy and SPECT/CT imaging results. Three out of 10 patients with AL-CA had positive early-phase scintigraphy whereas negative delay-phase scintigraphy and SPECT/CT imaging results. Sixteen patients who were clinically diagnosed as non-CA had negative dual-phase scintigraphy and SPECT/CT imaging results. The sensitivity (5/5), specificity (10/10), positive predictive value (5/5), negative predictive value (10/10) and accuracy (15/15) of delay-phase scintigraphy and SPECT/CT imaging were the same. Among 31 patients, 16 patients carried transthyretin-related (TTR) gene mutation, and 4 of them who clinically diagnosed as variant ATTR (ATTRv) had positive image findings while 12 of them who not clinically diagnosed as CA had negative image findings. There were significant differences in H/CL between ATTR-CA group and AL-CA group in early-phase (2.11±0.24 vs 1.31±0.07) and delay-phase (2.02±0.19 vs 1.30±0.05; F values: 75.41 and 87.15, Bonferroni test, both P<0.01). Conclusions:99Tc m-PYP delay-phase scintigraphy and SPECT/CT have high diagnostic efficiencies in ATTR-CA, helping to determine the pathological classification of CA; while early-phase scintigraphy has false positive results. Moreover, 99Tc m-PYP imaging is helpful to detect CA in patients with TTR gene mutation.

18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 706-709, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930501

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical data of 3 children with LMX1B-associated disease characterized by asymptomatic glomerular proteinuria, thus improving the recognition of asymptomatic proteinuria with genetic causes. Methods:Three patients with LMX1B-associated disease presented with prominent asymptomatic proteinuria diagnosed by the next-generation sequencing in Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital from April 2014 to October 2017 were included in this study.Clinical data, including renal and extrarenal manifestations, renal biopsy, and family history, were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Results:All 3 children were girls, the age of onset were 2 years, 1 year, and 4 years, respectively, and the diagnosis age were 11 years, 5 years and 6 years, respectively.All of them had glomerular proteinuria, and nephrotic-level proteinuria occurred in one patient.Microscopic hematuria was found in 2 patients.All of them had normal renal function.Only one patient underwent renal biopsy.Electron microscopy of the first time of biopsy revealed segmental thinning of the glomerular basement membrane.Re-biopsy 4 years later showed irregular thickening of the glomerular basement membrane, moth-eaten appearance and collagen fibrillar material deposition.No abnormalities of nails, limbs and joints were observed by physical examination.Two patients had a family history of renal disease.Conclusions:Genetic factors should be considered in children with obscure onset asymptomatic proteinuria without definite clinical causes.Genetic testing can help diagnose and guide treatment as early as possible.

19.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 320-332, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015766

ABSTRACT

Ischemic dysfunction is an important global health problem. Vascular endothelial cells(VECs) play a key role in angiogenesis, and insufficient vascular remodeling may lead to chronic nonhealing wounds. Therefore, effective VEC generation strategies of exploration help improve angiogenesisin damaged tissues. Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are widely used in the study of tissueendothelialization, and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are indispensable parts of the development ofVECs. The aims of this study were to find a rapid, easily screened and reproducible method for thederivation of EPCs from mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs), and obtain VECs with high survival ratesand strong functions from the directed differentiation of the EPCs. The results showed that mESCs weredifferentiated into " stepping stone" -like progenitor cells with active proliferative ability by 10 ng / mLVEGF and 5 ng / mL bFGF. At the same time, the method of differential adherence was helpful for theselection of EPCs, and EPCs induced high expression of CD133 and CD34 (The relative expressionlevels were 0. 88 ± 0. 04 and 2. 12 ± 0. 02, respectively) for 3 days. Then EPCs were digested withacctuse enzymes, and induced to differentiate into vascular endothelial-like cells by 50 ng / mL VEGF and25 ng / mL bFGF for 7 days. The endothelial cells not only expressed endothelial marker genes (CD31, CD144, LAMA5, Tek, KDR and vWF),and marker proteins CD31, CD144 and LAMA5 (The relativeexpression levels were 1. 07 ± 0. 03, 0. 60 ± 0. 02 and 0. 70 ± 0. 02, respectively), but also had thegood ability of migration, tubulogenesis and formation of W-P bodies. Moreover, PBS, EPC and VECwere used to treat wounds of the same size. Both EPC and VEC could accelerate the degree of tissuehealing (The relative healing rates were 78. 93 ± 75. 35%, 95. 57 ± 83. 73% and 100. 00 ± 0. 00%, respectively), and VEC significantly enhanced the ability of wound angiogenesis and inflammatoryresponses. In consequence, this study preliminarily confirmed that mESC-derived EPCs coulddifferentiate into VECs after directional induction for 7 days, which had good function of tissue repair. The physiological pathway on stem cells by stimulating angiogenesis is expected to become a new target fortissue remodeling.

20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 511-515, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928745

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the key genes and explore mechanisms in the development of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) by bioinformatics analysis.@*METHODS@#Two cohorts profile datasets of MDS were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Differentially expressed gene (DEG) was screened by GEO2R, functional annotation of DEG was gained from GO database, gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis was performed via Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database, and key genes were screened by Matthews correlation coefficient (MCC) based on STRING database.@*RESULTS@#There were 112 DEGs identified, including 85 up-regulated genes and 27 down-regulated genes. GO enrichment analysis showed that biological processes were mainly enriched in immune response, etc, cellular component in cell membrane, etc, and molecular function in protein binding, etc. KEGG signaling pathway analysis showed that main gene enrichment pathways were primary immunodeficiency, hematopoietic cell lineage, B cell receptor signaling pathway, Hippo signaling pathway, and asthma. Three significant modules were screened by Cytoscape software MCODE plug-in, while 10 key node genes (CD19, CD79A, CD79B, EBF1, VPREB1, IRF4, BLNK, RAG1, POU2AF1, IRF8) in protein-protein interaction (PPI) network were screened based on STRING database.@*CONCLUSION@#These screened key genes and signaling pathways are helpful to better understand molecular mechanism of MDS, and provide theoretical basis for clinical targeted therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Computational Biology , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Profiling , Microarray Analysis , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Protein Interaction Maps
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL