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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1047-1050, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991468

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of scenario simulation teaching based on PBL in communication skills training of hematology students in Children's Hospital.Methods:The training of doctor-patient communication skills was conducted among trainees who had the standardized residency training at the Department of Hematology of the Children's Hospital of Soochow University. All the residents were randomized into the control group and observation group by lottery, with 24 residents in each group. The control group adopted the traditional narrative teaching method, and the observation group adopted PBL combined with scenario simulation teaching method. The Liverpool communication skills assessment scale (LCSAS) was used to compare the differences between the two groups before and after training, and the differences between the two groups after training. Then the degree of residents' recognition of these two teaching methods was investigated. Finally, the examination results were used to evaluate knowledge mastery of doctors in department of hematology. SPSS 20.0 was used for Chi-square test and t-test. Results:LCSAS scores of the two groups before training were respectively (11.61±2.21) and (11.95±2.22), with no statistically significant difference ( P >0.05). After PBL-based scenario simulation teaching and training in the observation group, the LCSAS score of the observation group (27.41±2.53) was higher than that of the control group (23.30±1.81), and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Questionnaire survey results showed that the favorable rating rate of PBL-based scenario simulation teaching was 91.67% (22/24), higher than that of the traditional narrative teaching method [62.50% (15/24)], and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The examination of students' mastery of professional knowledge showed that after the PBL-based scenario simulation teaching and training, the trainees had a better grasp of knowledge and a higher score, with excellence rate of 91.67% (22/24), which was higher than 66.67% (16/24) of the control group, with a statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The scenario simulation teaching based on PBL could improve the communication ability and professional knowledge of trainees taking standardized residency training in the department of hematology, and the trainees are highly satisfied with this teaching method.

2.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 360-365, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994678

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the morbidity and risk factors of de novo malignancy after heart transplantation (HT).Methods:From June 2004 to August 2021, 995 patients undergoing HT were selected and followed up.The epidemiological characteristics, the morbidity of de novo malignancy (DNM) and its risk factors were examined.Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed for calculating the cumulative incidence and mortality of DNM.Log rank test was utilized for comparing the survival rate of each subgroup.Cox regression model was employed for examining the relationship between the included factors and the endpoint of DNM.Results:The median follow-up period was 6.36(3.64, 10.18) years.Thirty-six patients (3.6%) developed DNM during follow-up.Lung cancer accounted for 22.2%(8/36) of DNM while digestive system tumors accounted for 38.9% (including gastric cancer 6/36, 16.7%; liver cancer 3/36, 8.3%; colon cancer 2/36, 5.6%). The cumulative morbidity of DNM at Year 1/5/10/15 post-HT was 0.1%, 2.3%, 4.9% and 7.6% respectively.The median survival time of DNM recipients was 83.32 months.The mean survival time was significantly lower than those without DNM[(115.32±13.12) vs.(194.22±2.58), P<0.001]. The mortality of DNM recipients was around 6.57 folds higher ( HR=6.57, 95% CI: 4.06-10.64, P<0.01). Age was an independent risk factor for an occurrence of DNM.Hypertension and diabetes were also correlated with DNM. Conclusions:DNM after HT is associated with shorter survival time.And age is an independent risk factor for DNM after HT.

3.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 275-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994665

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the incidence and long-term outcomes of postoperative renal dysfunction(RD) and explore the clinical predictors of postoperative RD to provide reference for preoperative evaluation and perioperative management of heart transplantation(HT).Methods:The relevant clinical data are retrospectively reviewed for 1 095 HT recipients.They are grouped into two groups of RD(352 cases)and non-RD(normal, 743 cases)according to whether or not RD occurred after HT.Two groups are compared to explore the clinical predictors associated with postoperative RD.For further examining the prognostic impact of perioperative renal dysfunction, the recipients are assigned into four groups based upon perioperative renal function.The long-term outcomes of four groups are compared.Results:The median follow-up period is 5.6 years.Among 352 RD patients (32.1%), there are new-onset(276 cases, 25.2%), occurring during postoperative hospitalization (99, 28.1%)and post-discharge until Year 1(111 cases, 31.5%).Compared with normal group, RD group have advanced age, greater body mass index(BMI), higher preoperative serum creatinine, longer cardiopulmonary bypass time, a higher ratio of male, diabetic history, preoperative RD, transplantation for previous graft failure, preoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenerator(ECMO)and intra-aortic balloon pump(IABP); donors in this group had advanced age and higher ratio of male (all P<0.05).In terms of postoperative data, RD group had higher ratios of ECMO/IABP implantation, tracheostomy, infection, longer postoperative mechanical ventilation time, intensive care unit(ICU)stay and in-hospital stay than normal group( P<0.05).Long-term survival of patients with postoperative RD is significantly lower than that with postoperative normal kidney function( P<0.01).Long-term survival rate of patients with preoperative RD is significantly lower than that of those without preoperative RD, regardless of whether or not kidney function normalized postoperatively; long-term survival rate of patients with postoperative new-onset RD is significantly lower than that in those with normal kidney function( P<0.01).Advanced recipient age, higher BMI, existence of preoperative RD, postoperative cyclosporine dosing(versus tacrolimus)and cold ischemic time≥6 h are independent risk factors of RD post-HT. Conclusions:RD occurs predominantly within the first year post-HT.Advanced recipient age, higher BMI, existence of preoperative RD and cold ischemic time≥6 h are independent predictors of RD post-HT.The incidence of RD post-HT significantly affects perioperative and long-term survivals.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1347-1353, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978703

ABSTRACT

A dry suspension of Indigo Naturalis (IN) based on lactose-IN composite particles was designed by powder modification technology to meet the clinical needs of IN. The contact angle was used as an evaluation index to investigate the effects of the type of modifier lactose, the amount of lactose, and the co-grinding time of lactose and IN on the hydrophilicity of IN. The difference between IN before and after modification was compared through physical properties such as particle size and scanning electron microscope, as well as hydrophilic properties such as surface free energy and multiple light scattering. The optimal process of lactose-IN composite particles is as follows: after lactose is ground alone for 2 minutes, it is co-ground with IN at a ratio of 1∶1 for 6 minutes. The results of the investigation of powder properties show that the particle size d0.9 of IN is reduced from 112.75 μm to 87.30 μm after modification. The BET and Langmuir specific surface areas decreased by 8.661 m2·g-1 and 12.512 m2·g-1, respectively. SEM shows that lactose is attached to the surface of modified IN (MIN); surface element analysis shows that Si, Ca, and Mg elements of MIN are smaller than IN, and O elements are larger. The infrared spectrum shows that the MIN possesses the characteristic peaks of both IN and lactose. Compared MIN with IN, the contact angle and the non-polar surface free energy decreased by 35.1° and 9.975 mJ·m-2, respectively; the polar surface free energy and the surface free energy increased by 36.956 and 26.950 mJ·m-2, respectively. The results of multiple light scattering showed that the light transmittance of MIN was 35% lower than that of IN, and the backscattered light intensity was increased by about 25%. Only one excipient was used to successfully prepare IN dry suspension with good wettability and suspending property, which provided a basis for the development of new preparations of IN.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1913-1921, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978665

ABSTRACT

One of the traditional prescriptions for treating lung diseases, Jiegeng decoction (JGT), is still unknown in terms of its chemical makeup and mechanism. In this study, Q-Exactive-Orbitrap MS technology was used to identify the chemical constituents of JGT, and metabolomics was used to examine the effect of JGT on metabolites in the lung tissue of mice with acute lung injury (ALI) model. The potential biomarkers were screened by fold change (FC) > 1.5 or FC < 0.67 and P < 0.05, and enriched for metabolic pathways. A total of 40 compounds, including triterpenoid saponins, flavonoids and glycosides, were identified by mass spectrometry analysis of JGT. All animal experiments were approved by the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No. TCM-LAEC2021106). The results showed that JGT improved the lung coefficient, and lung tissue morphology of mice with ALI, lowered the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and interleukin 6 (IL-6) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and reduced myeloperoxidase (MPO) content in lung tissue. The metabolomic results showed that JGT could regulate 22 metabolites associated with ALI, among which leukotriene D4, docosapentaenoic acid, hypoxanthine, L-5-oxoproline, and other metabolites were mainly associated with the body′s inflammatory response and oxidative stress, and were enriched in the pathways of glutathione metabolism, purine metabolism, and primary bile acid biosynthesis. This study analyzed the potential mechanism of JGT in the treatment of ALI through metabolomics, providing an important theoretical basis for the clinical application of JGT.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 553-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978498

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of renal insufficiency before heart transplantation on perioperative death, complications and long-term survival, and to compare the differences between preoperative serum creatinine (Scr) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in preoperative risk assessment. Methods Clinical data of 1 095 heart transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. According to preoperative Scr level, all recipients were divided into the Scr < 133 μmol/L(n=980), Scr 133-176 μmol/L (n=83) and Scr≥177 μmol/L groups (n=32). According to preoperative eGFR, all recipients were divided into eGFR≥90 mL/(min·1.73m2) (n=436), eGFR 60-89 mL/(min·1.73m2) (n=418) and eGFR < 60 mL/(min·1.73m2) groups (n=241). Clinical prognosis of postoperative renal function, perioperative and long-term outcomes of recipients were compared among different groups. The effect of eGFR and Scr level on renal function injury and long-term survival after heart transplantation was assessed. Results With the increase of preoperative Scr level, the proportion of recipients undergoing postoperative continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) was increased, the proportion of recipients receiving postoperative mechanical circulatory support was elevated, the incidence of postoperative complications was increased, the duration of mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit(ICU) stay was prolonged, and the in-hospital fatality was increased. The differences among three groups were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). With the decrease of preoperative eGFR, the proportion of recipients receiving postoperative CRRT was increased, the proportion of recipients using postoperative intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) was elevated, the duration of mechanical ventilation and ICU stay was prolonged, and the in-hospital fatality was increased. The differences among three groups were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Scr≥177 μmol/L was an independent risk factor for postoperative death [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 3.64, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.89-6.99, P < 0.01]. Among different groups classified by Scr and eGFR, the cumulative incidence rate of postoperative renal function injury and long-term survival rate were statistically significant among three groups (all P < 0.05). In patients with preoperative Scr < 133 μmol/L, the cumulative incidence rate of postoperative long-term renal function injury was significantly increased with the decrease of preoperative eGFR (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in postoperative long-term survival rate among patients stratified by different eGFR (P > 0.05). Conclusions Renal insufficiency before heart transplantation is associated with poor perioperative and long-term prognosis. Preoperative Scr and eGFR are the independent risk factors for postoperative renal function injury. Scr yields low sensitivity in the assessment of preoperative renal function, whereas it has high accuracy in predicting perioperative death risk. And eGFR is a more sensitive parameter to evaluate preoperative renal function, which may identify early-stage renal functional abnormality and take effective measures during early stage to reduce adverse effect on prognosis.

7.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 21-26, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965176

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) attributable to metabolic factors in Jiangsu Province from 1990 to 2019, and to provide evidence for the formation and implementation of intervention policies. Methods Using data from Jiangsu Province from the 2019 Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD 2019), mortality and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) were selected as indicators for analysis and standardized with the age structure of the world standard population. The effects of three metabolic factors including high systolic blood pressure (SBP), high fasting glycaemic index (FPG) and high body mass index (BMI) on the disease burden of CKD were analyzed, and the attributable disease burden by gender and age was compared. Results The rank of the three attributable risk factors was high SBP, high FPG, and high BMI. Standardized mortality rates attributable to high SBP, high FPG, and high BMI all showed an overall upward trend from 1990 to 2019, with annual average percent changes (AAPCs) of 0.3%, 0.0%, and 2.8%, respectively. Age-standardized DALYs attributed to high SBP and high BMI showed increasing trends, with the AAPCs of 0.5% and 3.1% (both P<0.05), respectively. There was no statistical significance of high FPG (P > 0.05). Mortality and disease burden attributed to high SBP both showed upward trends with increasing age. Age-standardized mortality and age-standardized DALYs attributed to high FPG peaked at 45-49 and 50-54 age-group, respectively. Both age-standardized mortality and age-standardized DALYs attributed to high BMI peaked at ages 60-64 age-group. Conclusion The trends of mortality and DALYs attributed to the three risk factors can reflect the changes of population structure and lifestyle in Jiangsu Province in the past 30 years to a certain extent. Early screening of population at high risk of CKD and targeted provision of health policies can reduce the mortality and disease burden of CKD.

8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 93-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959025

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) on early allograft dysfunction (EAD) after heart transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 614 heart transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. All recipients were divided into the ECMO group (n=43) and non-ECMO group (n=571) according to postoperative application of ECMO. In the ECMO group, the conditions of recipients undergoing ECMO after heart transplantation were summarized. Perioperative status and long-term prognosis of recipients were compared between two groups. Results Among 43 recipients undergoing ECMO, 17 cases underwent thoracotomy due to bleeding, 10 cases of infection, 4 cases of venous thrombosis of the lower limbs, and 1 case of stroke, respectively. Twenty-six recipients were recovered and discharged after successful weaning from ECMO, six died during ECMO support, six died after weaning from ECMO, five received retransplantation due to unsuccessful weaning from ECMO, and only one survived after retransplantation. Compared with the non-ECMO group, intraoperative cardiopulmonary bypass duration was significantly longer, the proportion of recipients requiring postoperative intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), dialysis due to renal insufficiency, reoperation for hemostasis, infection, mechanical ventilation time≥96 h and tracheotomy was significantly higher, and the length of postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) stay was significantly longer in the ECMO group (all P < 0.05). The survival rate after discharge and 90-d survival rate in the ECMO group were 63% and 96%, significantly lower than 97% and 100% in the non-ECMO group (both P < 0.05). Survival analysis showed that the long-term survival rate in the ECMO group was significantly lower than that in the non-ECMO group (P < 0.05). After excluding the recipients who died within 90 d after heart transplantation, no significant difference was observed in the long-term survival rate (P > 0.05). Conclusions ECMO is an effective treatment of EAD after heart transplantation. The short-term survival rate of recipients using ECMO after heart transplantation is lower than that of those who do not use ECMO, and there is no significant difference in long-term survival of recipients surviving 90 d after heart transplantation.

9.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 42-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959018

ABSTRACT

At present, the heart of donor from donation after brain death are the primary organ sources for heart transplantation. After brain death, severe hemodynamic changes and a series of organ functional changes will occur, thereby leading to the functional damage or even loss of tissues and organs, especially the heart. Intimate relationship and interaction have been found in the physiology and pathophysiology between nervous and cardiovascular systems. After stroke, autonomic nervous disorder, neuroendocrine disorder and intense and persistent inflammatory reaction could be caused by the brain-heart axis reaction, leading to stroke-induced cardiac injuries, such as sympathetic storm, catecholamine storm, inflammatory storm, etc. In this article, research progresses on the mechanism of myocardial injury in heart from donors with stroke and the effect on clinical efficacy and prognosis after heart transplantation were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for clinical practice and subsequent research.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 450-456, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990867

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate and compare the clinical efficacy and safety of three different medicated eye patches in the treatment of Demodex blepharitis. Methods:A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-controlled clinical trial was conducted.A total of 140 patients (280 eyes) with Demodex blepharitis were recruited in Shanghai Jing'an District Shibei Hospital, Xi'an Fourth Hospital and Kunming First People's Hospital from July 2021 to December 2022.The affected eyes were randomly divided into tea tree oil group, okra oil group, basal fluid control group and metronidazole group by the random number table method.Eye patches containing 20% tea tree oil, 1% okra oil, prepared base solution and 2% metronidazole were applied to the eyes for 28 days by the double-blind method.The count of Demodex was evaluated before treatment and on days 14 and 28 of treatment.Ocular surface symptoms were scored according to Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI). The degree of congestion at the eyelid margin and cylindrical dandruff at the root of eyelashes were scored under a slit lamp microscope.The effective rate was calculated according to the comprehensive scores above, and the adverse reactions of the subjects were observed.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Shanghai Jing'an District Shibei Hospital (No.YL-20200320-05). All the subjects were informed of the significance, purpose and method of the study.Written informed consent was obtained from each subject before any medical examination. Results:All subjects completed the treatment and follow-up, and the loss to follow-up rate was 0%.After 14 and 28 days of treatment, the Demodex count was significantly decreased in all groups compared with before treatment (all at P<0.05). After 28 days of treatment, the number of Demodex in tea tree oil group, okra oil group and metronidazole group were significantly lower than that in basal fluid control group, with statistically significant differences (all at P<0.05). The OSDI score, palpebral margin congestion score and cylindrical dandruff score on 14 and 28 days after treatment in tea tree oil group, okra oil group and metronidazole group were significantly lower than before treatment, showing statistically significant differences (all at P<0.05). After 28 days of treatment, the effective rates of tea tree oil group, okra oil group and metronidazole group were 71.4%, 71.4% and 62.9%, respectively, which were significantly higher than 25.7% in basal solution control group.No serious local or systemic adverse reactions were found during the treatment and follow-up. Conclusions:Eye patches containing tea tree oil, okra oil and metronidazole have significant effects on the treatment of Demodex blepharitis, which can improve the biological environment of the palpebral margin and eliminate the inflammation related to blepharitis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 160-166, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990623

ABSTRACT

The hepatic caudate lobe is located in the deep back area of the liver. Due to the unique anatomical position of hepatic caudate lobe, surgical treatment for tumor of hepatic caudate lobe is particularly difficult. Non-surgical treatment, such as ablation, transarterial embolization, etc, is also challenging for tumor of hepatic caudate lobe, and the therapeutic effect is inferior to that of surgery. Therefore, surgical resection is the only treatment for tumor of hepatic caudate lobe. The authors discuss the research history of hepatic caudate lobe, the problems of laparoscopic technique in hepatic caudate lobe resection, etc, in order to provide a theoretical basis for improving the concept of accuracy of laparoscopic caudate lobectomy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 348-351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990040

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the clinical significance of next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based IGH/ IGK gene rearrangement analysis versus flow cytometry (FCM) in diagnosing minimal residual disease (MRD) of children with acute B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). Methods:Clinical data, NGS-MRD and FCM-MRD findings at the initial diagnosis and after induction chemotherapy of 85 children diagnosed as B-ALL in Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from July 2019 to July 2021, were retrospectively analyzed.The sensitivity of the two methods, and the positive rate were compared by χ2 test or Fisher′ s test.The correlation was identified by Spearman correlation analysis. Results:Dominant clone sequences were detected in all children at the initial diagnosis by NGS, while selection markers were identified by FCM in 75(88.2%) patients.Positive MRD rate detected by NGS-MRD was significantly higher than that of FCM-MRD at the same time point after induction chemotherapy[31.8%(27/85) vs.9.4%(8/85), P<0.001]. Compared with those of FCM-MRD, NGS-MRD had good sensitivity (100.0%), specificity (75.3%) and negative predictive value (100.0%), and the positive predictive value was 29.6%.MRD results detected by NGS were consistent with that of FCM ( r=0.569, P<0.001). By July 27, 2022, 2 patients with NGS-MRD (+ )FCM-MRD (-)relapsed during maintenance chemotherapy. Conclusions:NGS is highly consistent with FCM in the detection of MRD in children with B-ALL, which is more sensitive.The combination of NGS-MRD and FCM-MRD benefits more in monitoring MRD in children with B-ALL after induction chemotherapy.

13.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 518-526, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982572

ABSTRACT

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a complication in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The Chinese Children's Cancer Group-ALL-2015 protocol was carried out in China, and epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and risk factors associated with VTE were analyzed. We collected data on VTE in a multi-institutional clinical study of 7640 patients with ALL diagnosed in 20 hospitals from January 2015 to December 2019. First, VTE occurred in 159 (2.08%) patients, including 90 (56.6%) during induction therapy and 108 (67.92%) in the upper extremities. T-ALL had a 1.74-fold increased risk of VTE (95% CI 1.08-2.8, P = 0.022). Septicemia, as an adverse event of ALL treatment, can significantly promote the occurrence of VTE (P < 0.001). Catheter-related thrombosis (CRT) accounted for 75.47% (n = 120); and, symptomatic VTE, 58.49% (n = 93), which was more common in patients aged 12-18 years (P = 0.023), non-CRT patients (P < 0.001), or patients with cerebral thrombosis (P < 0.001). Of the patients with VTE treated with anticoagulation therapy (n = 147), 4.08% (n = 6) had bleeding. The VTE recurrence rate was 5.03% (n = 8). Patients with VTE treated by non-ultrasound-guided venous cannulation (P = 0.02), with residual thrombus (P = 0.006), or with short anticoagulation period (P = 0.026) had high recurrence rates. Thus, preventing repeated venous puncture and appropriately prolonged anticoagulation time can reduce the risk of VTE recurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Venous Thromboembolism/etiology , East Asian People , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Thrombosis/chemically induced , China/epidemiology , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , Recurrence
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 313-319, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981689

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate clinical effect of percutaneous reduction combined with internal fixation of calcaneal nail in treating Sanders typeⅡto Ⅲ calcaneal fractures.@*METHODS@#From July 2017 to August 2019, clinical data of 98 patients with Sanders typeⅡto Ⅲ calcaneal fractures treated were retrospectively analyzed, and divided into observation group and control group according to different surgical methods. In observation group, there were 35 males and 21 females, aged from 23 to 58 years old with an average of (34.50±7.81) years old;29 patients with Sanders typeⅡand 27 patients with Sanders type Ⅲ;30 patients on the left side and 26 patients on the right side;the time from fracture to operation ranged from 1 to 4 days with an average of (3.45±0.54) days;and treated with percutaneous reduction combined with internal fixation of calcaneal nail system. In control group, there were 25 males and 17 females, aged from 25 to 60 years old with an average of (35.27±7.64) years old;23 patients with Sanders type Ⅱ and 19 patients with Sanders type Ⅲ;24 patients on the left side and 18 patients on the right side;the time from fracture to operation ranged from 2 to 5 days with an average of (3.42±0.62) days;and treated with open reduction and internal fixation. Operation time, blood loss, hospital stay, fracture healing time, and postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) at 1 day, preoperative and postoperative American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, Böhler angle, Gissane angle and calcaneus width, and postoperative complications were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 13 to 18 months with an average of (15.6±2.2) months. There were significant differences in operation time, blood loss, hospital stay, fracture healing time and postoperative VAS at 1 day between two groups (P<0.05). There was statistical difference in postoperative AOFAS score at 12 months between two groups (P<0.05), and AOFAS score at 12 months after operation was higher than that before operation (P<0.05). According to AOFAS score, 21 patients got excellent result, 30 good and 5 moderate in observation group, and 10 excellent, 22 good, 7 moderate and 3 poor in control group, which had statistical difference between two groups (P<0.05). Postoperative Böhler angle, Gissane angle and calcaneus width at 6 months were better than that before operation between two groups(P<0.05). One patient in observation and 20 patients in control group occurred skin numbness after operation, and 14 patients occurred skin necrosis in control group, there were obvious difference between two groups(P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with open reduction and internal fixation, percutaneous reduction combined with internal fixation system in treating Sanders typeⅡto Ⅲ calcaneal fractures is feasible for fracture repair without waiting for foot deswelling, which could accurately restore normal shape and position of the fractured heel bone, completely eliminate fracture malunion, and reduce postoperative complications. Therefore, it could shorten operation time, hospital stay, fracture healing time, reduce amount of blood loss, promote postoperative recovery, and less complications, high safety, which could be used as a choice of orthopedic surgery for foot and ankle trauma.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Calcaneus/injuries , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Ankle Injuries , Bone Screws , Foot Injuries , Knee Injuries , Ankle Joint , Postoperative Complications
15.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 1-6, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984172

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the gross pathological data of sudden cardiac death (SCD) with different causes, to provide data support for the identification of sudden cardiac death with unknown causes.@*METHODS@#A total of 167 adult SCD cases in the archive of the Forensic Expertise Institute of Nanjing Medical University from 2010 to 2020 were collected. The gross pathological data of SCD cases were summarized and the characteristics of different causes of death were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of male to female SCD cases was 3.4∶1. Coronary heart disease was the leading cause of SCD, and mainly distributed in people over 40 years old. SCD caused by myocarditis was mainly distributed in young people and the mean age of death was (34.00±9.55) years. By analyzing the differences in cardiac pathological parameters of SCD with different causes, it was found that the aortic valve circumference was significantly dilated in the SCD caused by aortic aneurysm or dissection (P<0.05). The heart weight of SCD caused by aortic aneurysm or dissection and combined factors was greater, and both pulmonary and tricuspid valvular rings were dilated in the SCD caused by combined factors in adult males (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Various gross pathological measures of SCD with different causes are different, which has reference value in the cause of death identification of SCD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/pathology , Coronary Disease , Heart , Forensic Medicine , Autopsy
16.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 718-722, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the case characteristics and outcomes of 12 idiopathic giant cell myocarditis(IGCM)cases after heart transplantation(HT).Methods:From June 2004 to May 2022, clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for 12 cases with pathologically confirm IGCM after HT at Fuwai Hospital.General characteristics, clinical manifestations, pathological examinations and postoperative follow-ups are recorded.Results:From June 2004 to May 2022, a total of 1 143 HT operations are performed at Fuwai Hospital and 12 cases of IGCM(1.05%)are confirmed by postoperative pathology.The age is(47.6±7.3)years.There are 5 boys and 7 girls.Initial presenting manifestations are congestive heart failure(7 cases, 58.3%)and arrhythmia(4 cases, 33.3%). Median time from symptom onset to HT is 6 months.All of them are undiagnosed pre-operation.And dilated cardiomyopathy(5 cases, 41.7%)and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy(3 cases, 25%)are confirmed.The follow-up period is(4~142)months post-HT.One death occurred during perioperative period and another is due to heart failure at 68 months post-HT.Only 1 case of grade 1R transplant heart rejection occurrs at 9 years post-HT and there is no case of recurrence.According to Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, cumulative survival rates of 1/5/10 years post-HT in IGCM patients are 91.7%, 91.7% and 73.3% respectively.No significant difference exist in survival rate for other etiologies post-HT(Log-rank P=0.265). Conclusions:HT is efficacious for end-stage IGCM.Regular and sufficient postoperative immunosuppression is vital for preventing heart transplant rejection and recurrent IGCM.Most IGCM patients have a decent prognosis post-HT.

17.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 206-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920850

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the incidence of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) after heart transplantation and the effect on the long-term survival of recipients. Methods Clinical data of 1 006 heart transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. Of 48 CAV patients, 4 cases were not included in this analysis due to lack of imaging evidence. A total of 1 002 recipients were divided into the CAV group (n=44) and non-CAV group (n=958) according to the incidence of CAV. The incidence of CAV was summarized. Clinical data of all patients were statistically compared between two groups. Imaging diagnosis, coronary artery disease, drug treatment and complications, postoperative survival and causes of death of CAV patients were analyzed. Results Among 1 006 heart transplant recipients, 48 cases (4.77%) developed CAV. Compared with the non-CAV group, the proportion of preoperative smoking history, preoperative hypertension history, coronary artery disease and perioperative infection was significantly higher in the CAV group (all P < 0.05). Among 44 patients diagnosed with CAV by imaging examination, 24 cases were diagnosed with CAV by coronary CT angiography (CTA), 4 cases by coronary angiography (CAG), and 16 cases by coronary CTA combined with CAG. Among 44 patients, the proportion of grade Ⅰ CAV was 45% (20/44), 30% (13/44) for grade Ⅱ CAV and 25% (11/44) for grade Ⅲ CAV, respectively. All patients received long-term use of statins after operation, and 20 patients were given with antiplatelet drugs. Among 44 CAV patients, 11 patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, 6 cases received repeated heart transplantation, and 8 patients died. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated that there was no significant difference in the long-term survival rate between the CAV and non-CAV groups (P > 0.05), whereas the survival rate of patients tended to decline after the diagnosis of CAV (at postoperative 6-7 years). The long-term survival rates of patients with grade Ⅰ, grade Ⅱ and grade Ⅲ CAV showed no significant difference (P > 0.05). Even for patients with grade Ⅰ CAV, the long-term survival rate tended to decline. Conclusions CAV is a common and intractable complication following heart transplantation, and the long-term survival rate of patients after the diagnosis of CAV tended to decline. Deepening understanding of CAV, prompt prevention, diagnosis and treatment should be delivered to improve the long-term survival rate of patients after heart transplantation.

18.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 392-398, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928620

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the biological processes and functions of serum exosomes in children in the acute stage of Kawasaki disease (KD), so as to provide new biomarkers for the early diagnosis of KD.@*METHODS@#In this prospective study, 13 children with KD who were treated in Children's Hospital of Soochow University from June 2019 to August 2020 were enrolled as the KD group, and 13 children who were hospitalized due to bacterial infection during the same period were enrolled as the control group. Whole blood was collected on the next morning after admission, serum samples were obtained by centrifugation, and exosomes were extracted through ultracentrifugation. Serum exosomes were analyzed by label-free quantitative proteomics, and differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were screened out for functional enrichment analysis. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was plotted, and unique proteins were validated by targeted proteomics.@*RESULTS@#A total of 131 DEPs were screened out for the two groups, among which 27 proteins were detected in both groups. There were 48 unique DEPs in the KD group, among which 23 were upregulated and 25 were downregulated, and these proteins acted on "complement and coagulation cascades" and "the MAPK signaling pathway". Validation by targeted proteomics showed that FGG, SERPING1, C1R, C1QA, IGHG4, and C1QC proteins were quantifiable in the KD group. A total of 29 proteins were only expressed in the control group, among which 12 were upregulated and 17 were downregulated. Four proteins were quantifiable based on targeted proteomics, i.e., VWF, ECM1, F13A1, and TTR. A PPI network was plotted for each group. In the KD group, FGG and C1QC had close interaction with other proteins, while in the control group, VWF had close interaction with other proteins.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The serum exosomes FGG and C1QC in children in the acute stage of KD are expected to become the biomarkers for the early diagnosis of KD. For children with unexplained fever, detection of FGG, C1QC1, and VWF may help with etiological screening.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Biomarkers , Exosomes , Extracellular Matrix Proteins , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Proteomics , von Willebrand Factor
19.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 267-270, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of alantolactone on cell proliferation and apoptosis of acute myeloid leukemia cell line THP-1 and the related mechanisms.Methods:THP-1 cells in logarithmic growth phase were taken. The control group was added with an equal volume of culture medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum, and the experimental group was added with 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0, 6.0, 8.0, 10.0 μmol/L alantolactone. The cells in each group were cultured for 72 hours. The cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 method. In addition, the cells of the control group were taken, and the experimental group was added with 2.0 and 4.0 μmol/L alantolactone, respectively. The cells in each group were cultured for 72 hours. The apoptosis of the cells was detected by flow cytometry, and the expressions of NF-κB pathway-related proteins were detected by Western blotting.Results:After THP-1 cells were treated with different concentrations of alantolactone (0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0, 6.0, 8.0, 10.0 μmol/L) for 72 hours, the inhibitory rates were (9.4±1.4)%, (27.7±4.0)%, (45.1±2.5)%, (66.9±2.9)%, (87.0±1.2)%, (91.7±1.0)% and (94.4±0.8)%, respectively, which were in a dose-dependent manner, and the control group was (0.4±0.1)%, the difference was statistically significant ( F = 241.87, P < 0.01). After THP-1 cells were treated with different concentrations of alantolactone (2.0, 4.0 μmol/L) for 72 hours, the apoptotic rates were (26.1±4.2)% and (37.8±5.6)%, and the control group was (8.5±1.4)%, the difference was statistically significant ( F = 43.04, P < 0.05). Furthermore, alantolactone could down-regulate the expression levels of bcl-2 and p65, and up-regulate the expression levels of bax, cleaved-caspase-3 and cleaved-PARP. Conclusions:Alantolactone can induce the apoptosis of AML THP-1 cells via inhibiting the NF-κB pathway, thereby inhibiting its proliferation.

20.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 471-474, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955993

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical characteristics of patients with novel coronavirus Omicron variant of concern infection, and to provide practical data and experience for subsequent clinical treatment.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 5 cases with novel coronavirus Omicron variant of concern infection treated in the First Hospital of Jiaxing from December 18, 2021 to January 28, 2022. The patients' clinical data were recorded, including gender, age, length of hospital stay, vaccination status, clinical symptoms, laboratory indicators [white blood cell count (WBC), lymphocyte count (LYM), eosinophil count (EOS), hypersensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), novel coronavirus antibody immunoglobulin (IgG and IgM)], chest CT, treatment course and disease outcome.Results:All 5 patients were male, aged 24-37 years old. Four patients were vaccinated with novel coronavirus vaccine (one patient received 3 doses of the vaccine and 3 patients received only the first 2 doses of the vaccine), and no infection was found in chest CT. Laboratory examination showed that WBC, LYM, EOS and hs-CRP levels were normal, and only showed mild symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection. One patient was not vaccinated with novel coronavirus vaccine, and signs of viral pneumonia could be seen in chest CT, laboratory examination showed that WBC and hs-CRP levels increased, suggesting that bacterial infection, fever, cough, sputum and other respiratory symptoms were obvious, and the treatment time was long. All 5 patients were treated with Chinese medicine Lotus antipyretic and Baihu Yinqiao decoction based on routine antiviral therapy.Conclusions:Patients with novel coronavirus Omicron variant of concern infection vaccinated with the novel coronavirus vaccine have milder clinical symptoms, with less obvious chest CT findings and faster recovery. Chinese medicine Lotus antipyretic and Baihu Yinqiao decoction has obvious therapeutic effect on such patients.

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