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1.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 6-20, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010785

ABSTRACT

Originating but free from chromosomal DNA, extrachromosomal circular DNAs (eccDNAs) are organized in circular form and have long been found in unicellular and multicellular eukaryotes. Their biogenesis and function are poorly understood as they are characterized by sequence homology with linear DNA, for which few detection methods are available. Recent advances in high-throughput sequencing technologies have revealed that eccDNAs play crucial roles in tumor formation, evolution, and drug resistance as well as aging, genomic diversity, and other biological processes, bringing it back to the research hotspot. Several mechanisms of eccDNA formation have been proposed, including the breakage-fusion-bridge (BFB) and translocation-deletion-amplification models. Gynecologic tumors and disorders of embryonic and fetal development are major threats to human reproductive health. The roles of eccDNAs in these pathological processes have been partially elucidated since the first discovery of eccDNA in pig sperm and the double minutes in ovarian cancer ascites. The present review summarized the research history, biogenesis, and currently available detection and analytical methods for eccDNAs and clarified their functions in gynecologic tumors and reproduction. We also proposed the application of eccDNAs as drug targets and liquid biopsy markers for prenatal diagnosis and the early detection, prognosis, and treatment of gynecologic tumors. This review lays theoretical foundations for future investigations into the complex regulatory networks of eccDNAs in vital physiological and pathological processes.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Animals , Humans , Swine , DNA, Circular/genetics , Genital Neoplasms, Female , Semen , DNA , Reproduction
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009361

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the karyotype of a patient with mosaicism complex structural aberration of chromosome 18.@*METHODS@#A male patient with a 2-year history of infertility presented at the Center of Reproductive Medicine of the Third Hospital of Peking University in October 2019 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the patient was collected. Peripheral blood sample was taken for chromosomal karyotyping, copy number variation (CNV) analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay. Semen sample was taken for single sperm CNV analysis.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to have a karyotype of mos 47,XY,del(18)(q21q23),+r(18)(q21q23)[84]/46,XY,del(18)(q21q23)[9]/48,XY,del(18)(q21q23),+r(18)(q21q23)×2[6]/47,XY,del(18)(q21q23),+r(18)(q21q23×2)[1].ish 47,XY,del(18)(q21q23),+r(18)(q21q23)[84]/46,XY,del(18)(q21q23)[9]/48,XY,del(18)(q21q23),+r(18)(q21q23)×2[6]/47,XY,del(18)(q21q23),+r(18)(q21q23×2)[1]del(18)(q21q23)(D18Z1+,18p+,18q+,WCP18+),r(18)(q21q23)(WCP18+),r(18)(q21q23×2)(WCP18+). No pathogenic CNV was identified. Sequencing of 20 single sperms showed that 1 sperm was normal, 1 had yielded no result, 9 had harbored del(18q), 7 had harbored dup(18q)×2, and 2 had harbored dup(18q)×3. The dup/del fragments had both spanned approximately 33 Mb.@*CONCLUSION@#It is rare for carriers of complex structural and numerical abnormalities of chromosome 18 to have a normal phenotype. Based on the accurate cytogenetic and molecular analyses and the single sperm CNV analysis, the influence of the aberrant karyotype on the gametogenesis may be evaluated.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Mosaicism , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18/genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Semen , Karyotype
3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 66-72, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971019

ABSTRACT

Nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) is a severe condition in infertile men, and increasing numbers of causative genes have been identified during the last few decades. Although certain causative genes can explain the presence of NOA in some patients, a proportion of NOA patients remain to be addressed. This study aimed to investigate potential high-risk genes associated with spermatogenesis in idiopathic NOA patients by whole-exome sequencing. Whole-exome sequencing was performed in 46 male patients diagnosed with NOA. First, screening was performed for 119 genes known to be related to male infertility. Next, further screening was performed to determine potential high-risk causative genes for NOA by comparisons with 68 healthy male controls. Finally, risk genes with high/specific expression in the testes were selected and their expression fluctuations during spermatogenesis were graphed. The frequency of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene pathogenic variant carriers was higher in the NOA patients compared with the healthy controls. Potential risk genes that may be causes of NOA were identified, including seven genes that were highly/specifically expressed in the testes. Four risk genes previously reported to be involved in spermatogenesis (MutS homolog 5 [MSH5], cilia- and flagella-associated protein 54 [CFAP54], MAP7 domain containing 3 [MAP7D3], and coiled-coil domain containing 33 [CCDC33]) and three novel risk genes (coiled-coil domain containing 168 [CCDC168], chromosome 16 open reading frame 96 [C16orf96], and serine protease 48 [PRSS48]) were identified to be highly or specifically expressed in the testes and significantly different in the 46 NOA patients compared with 68 healthy controls. This study on clinical NOA patients provides further evidence for the four previously reported risk genes. The present findings pave the way for further functional investigations and provide candidate risk genes for genetic diagnosis of NOA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Azoospermia/pathology , East Asian People , Exome Sequencing , Mutation , Proteins/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008821

ABSTRACT

This study aims to mine the regularity of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) prescriptions for sick sinus syndrome(SSS) and provide a reference for clinical syndrome differentiation and treatment. The relevant papers were retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, and SinoMed with the time interval from inception to January 31, 2023. The relevant information from qualified papers was extracted to establish a library. Lantern 5.0 and Rstudio were used to analyze the latent structure and association rules of TCMs with the frequency ≥3%, which combined with frequency descriptions, were used to explore the rules of TCM prescriptions for SSS. A total of 192 TCM prescriptions were included, involving 115 TCMs with the cumulative frequency of 1 816. High-frequency TCMs include Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Astragali Radix, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. The high-frequency medicines mainly had the effects of tonifying, releasing exterior with pungent-warm, and activating blood and resolving stasis. The analysis of the latent structure model yielded 13 hidden variables, 26 hidden classes, 8 comprehensive cluster models, and 21 core prescriptions. Accordingly, the common syndromes of SSS were inferred as heart-Yang Qi deficiency, heart-spleen Yang deficiency, heart-kidney Yang deficiency, Yang deficiency and blood stasis, both Qi and Yin deficiency and blood stasis, and Yin and Yang deficiency. The analysis of association rules predicted 30 strong association rules, among which Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma-Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata had the highest support. SSS is a syndrome with Yang deficiency and Qi deficiency as the root causes and cold, phlegm, and stasis as the manifestations. The clinical treatment of SSS should focus on warming Yang and replenishing Qi, which should be supplemented with the therapies of activating blood and resolving stasis, warming interior and dissipating cold, or regulating Qi movement for resolving phlegm according to the patients' syndromes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sick Sinus Syndrome/drug therapy , Yang Deficiency/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Rhizome/chemistry , Aconitum , Panax
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008791

ABSTRACT

This study aims to systematically review the efficacy and safety of different traditional Chinese medicine injections combined with conventional treatment for patients with post-acute myocardial infarction heart failure. The relevant randomized controlled trial(RCT) was retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, and Cochrane Library with the time interval from inception to May 13, 2023. Two reviewers independently screened the literature, extracted data, and assessed the risk of bias of the included studies. Network Meta-analysis was then performed in RevMan 5.3 and Stata 15.1. A total of 68 RCTs involving 11 traditional Chinese medicine injections and 5 995 patients were included. The results were explained based on the surface under the cumulative ranking curve(SUCRA).(1) In terms of reducing major adverse cardiovascular event(MACE), the therapies followed the trend of Xinmailong Injection+conventional treatment(83.8%) > Yiqi Fumai Injection+conventional treatment(57.1%) > Xuebijing Injection+conventional treatment(56.6%) > Shenmai Injection+conventional treatment(53.1%) > Shenfu Injection+conventional treatment(45.3%) > conventional treatment(4.0%).(2) In terms of increasing left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), the therapies followed the trend of Yiqi Fumai Injection+conventional treatment(84.0%) > Shenmai Injection+conventional treatment(69.6%) > Shenfu Injection+conventional treatment(62.7%) > Xinmailong Injection+conventional treatment(61.6%) > Shuxuening Injection+conventional treatment(54.8%) > Shenqi Fuzheng Injection+conventional treatment(46.7%) > Shengmai Injection+conventional treatment(45.9%) > Breviscapine Injection+conventional treatment(39.9%) > Danhong Injection+conventional treatment(38.8%) > Huangqi Injection+conventional treatment(38.7%) > conventional treatment(7.3%).(3) In terms of reducing B-type natriuretic peptide(BNP), the therapies followed the trend of Xinmailong Injection+conventional treatment(98.6%) > Shenmai Injection+conventional treatment(57.7%) > Shenfu Injection+conventional treatment(52.5%) > Shengmai Injection+conventional treatment(30.1%) > conventional treatment(11.0%).(4) In terms of reducing cardiac troponin Ⅰ(cTnⅠ), the therapies followed the trend of Shenmai Injection+conventional treatment(92.3%) > Yiqi Fumai Injection+conventional treatment(61.5%) > Shenfu Injection+conventional treatment(51.2%) > Shengmai Injection+conventional treatment(48.1%) > Xinmailong Injection+conventional treatment(26.6%) > conventional treatment(20.3%).(5) In terms of reducing high-sensitivity C-reactive protein(hs-CRP), the therapies followed the trend of Shenmai Injection+conventional treatment(79.9%) > Xinmailong Injection+conventional treatment(68.1%) > Shenfu Injection+conventional treatment(63.1%) > Xuebijing Injection+conventional treatment(56.7%) > Shengmai Injection+conventional treatment(51.1%) > Shenqi Fuzheng Injection+conventional treatment(42.8%) > Huangqi Injection+conventional treatment(34.7%) > conventional treatment(3.5%).(6) A total of 22 RCTs reported the occurrence of adverse reactions, mainly involving the damage of the circulatory system, digestive system, and coagulation function. The current evidence suggested that Xinmailong Injection+conventional treatment may have the best therapeutic effect in reducing MACE and BNP; Yiqi Fumai Injection+conventional treatment may be the best in increasing LVEF; Shenmai Injection+conventional treatment may be the best in reducing cTnI and hs-CRP. The safety needs further quantitative research and analysis. However, more high-quality RCT is required to validate the above conclusions due to limitations in the quality and quantity of the included studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Stroke Volume , Network Meta-Analysis , C-Reactive Protein , Ventricular Function, Left , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy , Heart Failure/drug therapy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between serum 25(OH)D and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) among infertile females and their predictive impacts on in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer pregnancy outcome.@*METHODS@#Totally 756 infertile females treated with assisted reproductive technology were enrolled and divided into three groups according to their vitamin D levels (group A with serum 25(OH)D≤10 μg/L, group B with serum (10-20) μg/L, and group C with serum ≥20 μg/L). The serum AMH levels were detected. The differences among the groups were analyzed, as well as the correlation between vitamin D levels and serum AMH levels in various infertility types (fallopian tube/male factor, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), ovulation disorders excluded PCOS, endometriosis, unexplained infertility, and others). Also, the predictive roles of vitamin D and AMH in pregnancy outcome in all the infertile females were discussed.@*RESULTS@#(1) 87.7% of the enrolled females were insufficient or deficient in vitamin D. (2) The serum AMH levels in the three groups with different vitamin D levels were 1.960 (1.155, 3.655) μg/L, 2.455 (1.370, 4.403) μg/L, 2.360 (1.430, 4.780) μg/L and there was no significant difference in serum AMH levels among the three groups (P>0.05). (3) Serum 25(OH)D and AMH levels presented seasonal variations (P < 0.05). (4) There was no prominent correlation between the serum AMH level and serum 25(OH)D level in females of various infertility types after adjusting potential confounding factors [age, body mass index (BMI), antral follicle count (AFC), vitamin D blood collection season, etc.] by multiple linear regression analysis (P>0.05). (5) After adjusting for confounding factors, such as age, BMI, number of transplanted embryos and AFC, the results of binary Logistics regression model showed that in all the infertile females, the serum AMH level was an independent predictor of biochemical pregnancy outcome (P < 0.05) while the serum 25(OH)D level might not act as a prediction factor alone (P>0.05). In the meanwhile, the serum 25(OH)D level and serum AMH level were synergistic predictors of biochemical or clinical pregnancy outcome (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Based on the current diagnostic criteria, most infertile females had vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency, but there was not significant correlation between serum 25(OH)D and ovarian reserve. While vitamin D could not be used as an independent predictor of pregnancy outcome in infertile females, the serum AMH level could predict biochemical pregnancy outcome independently or jointly with vitamin D.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Anti-Mullerian Hormone , Infertility, Female/etiology , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome , Pregnancy Outcome , Vitamin D , Vitamins
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008705

ABSTRACT

This study reviewed the current status of the use of outcome indicators in randomized controlled trial(RCT) on traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) treatment of microvascular angina(MVA) and analyzed the existing problems and possible solutions, aiming to provide a basis for the design of high-quality RCT and the establishment of core outcome sets for MVA. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and 2 clinical trial registries were searched for the RCT on TCM treatment of MVA according to pre-defined criteria. The Cochrane's risk of bias assessment tool was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the included RCT and the use of outcome indicators was summarized. A total of 69 RCTs were included, from which 100 outcome indicators were extracted, with the frequency of 430. The extracted outcome indicators belonged to 8 domains: response rate, symptoms and signs, physical and chemical examinations, TCM efficacy, safety, quality of life, economic evaluation, and long-term prognosis. The indicators of physical and chemical examinations were the most(70 indicators with the frequency of 211), followed by those of response rate(7 indicators with the frequency of 73) and symptoms and signs(7 indicators with the frequency of 54). The outcome indicators with higher frequency were adverse reactions, angina attack frequency, clinical efficacy, endothelin-1, total duration of treadmill exercise, and hypersensitive C-reactive protein. The RCT on TCM treatment of MVA had the following problems: irregular reporting of adverse reactions, diverse indicators with low frequency, lack of attention to the application of endpoint indicators, insufficient use of TCM differentiation and efficacy indicators, non-standard evaluation criteria and failure to reflect the basic characteristics of TCM. A unified MVA syndrome differentiation standard should be established, on the basis of which an MVA treatment efficacy evaluation system and core outcome indicator set that highlights the characteristics of TCM with patient-reported outcomes as the starting point should be established to improve the clinical research and research value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Microvascular Angina/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Phytotherapy , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986909

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the impact of the sinonasal anatomic changes after endonasal endoscopic anterior skull base surgery on the nasal airflow and heating and humidification by computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and to explore the correlation between the postoperative CFD parameters and the subjective symptoms of the patients. Methods: The clinical data in the Rhinology Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2016 to 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients received the endoscopic resection of the anterior skull base tumor were selected as the case group, and the adults whose CT scans had no sinonasal abnormalities were chosen as the control group. The CFD simulation was performed on the sinonasal models after reconstructed from the patients' sinus CT images during the post-surgical follow-up. All the patients were asked to complete the Empty Nose Syndrome 6-Item Questionnaire (ENS6Q) to assess the subjective symptoms. The comparison between two independent groups and the correlation analysis were carried out by using the Mann-Whitney U test and the Spearman correlation test in the SPSS 26.0 software. Results: Nineteen patients (including 8 males and 11 females, from 22 to 67 years old) in the case group and 2 patients (a male of 38 years old and a female of 45 years old) in the control group were enrolled in this study. After the anterior skull base surgery, the high-speed airflow moved to the upper part of the nasal cavity, and the lowest temperature shifted upwards on the choana. Comparing with the control group, the ratio of nasal mucosal surface area to nasal ventilation volume in the case group decreased [0.41 (0.40, 0.41) mm-1 vs 0.32 (0.30, 0.38) mm-1; Z=-2.04, P=0.041], the air flow in the upper and middle part of the nasal cavity increased [61.14 (59.78, 62.51)% vs 78.07 (76.22, 94.43)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the nasal resistance decreased [0.024 (0.022, 0.026) Pa·s/ml vs 0.016 (0.009, 0.018) Pa·s/ml; Z=-2.29, P=0.022], the lowest temperature in the middle of the nasal cavity decreased [28.29 (27.23, 29.35)℃ vs 25.06 (24.07, 25.50)℃; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the nasal heating efficiency decreased [98.74 (97.95, 99.52)% vs 82.16 (80.24, 86.91)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the lowest relative humidity decreased [(79.62 (76.55, 82.69)% vs 73.28 (71.27, 75.05)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], and the nasal humidification efficiency decreased [99.50 (97.69, 101.30)% vs 86.09 (79.33, 87.16)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023]. The ENS6Q total scores of all patients in the case group were less than 11 points. There was a moderate negative correlation between the proportion of the inferior airflow in the post-surgical nasal cavity negatively and the ENS6Q total scores (rs=-0.50, P=0.029). Conclusions: The sinonasal anatomic changes after the endoscopic anterior skull base surgery alter the nasal airflow patterns, reducing the efficiency of nasal heating and humidification. However, the post-surgical occurrence tendency of the empty nose syndrome is weak.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Hydrodynamics , Air Conditioning , Nose , Nasal Cavity , Skull Base/surgery
9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 415-421, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986145

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of serum human-βeta-defensin-1 level (HBD-1) for short-term (28-day) prognosis in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Methods: Fifty cases diagnosed with ACLF were selected. 20 cases with decompensated cirrhosis and 20 cases with compensated cirrhosis who were admitted at the same time were included. Age, gender, serum HBD-1 level, C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), neutrophil count/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), blood routine, coagulation function, liver function, kidney function, and other indicators from the three groups of patients were collected. Patients with ACLF were screened for indicators related to the short-term (28-day) prognosis. Patients were divided into an improvement group and a worsening group according to the 28-day disease outcome. The serum HBD-1 level and other above-mentioned indicators were compared between the two patient groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the diagnostic efficacy of serum HBD-1 levels for short-term prognosis in patients with ACLF. PCT, NLR, and prothrombin activity (PTA) application as a mono indicator and HBD-1 in combination with NLR, PCT, and PTA were compared to evaluate diagnostic efficacy for short-term prognosis in patients with ACLF. The intergroup mean of measurement data was determined using a t-test or analysis of variance. χ (2) test was used for comparison of count data. Spearman's rank correlation analysis was used for correlation analysis. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in age and gender among the three groups: ACLF, decompensated cirrhosis, and compensated cirrhosis (P > 0.05). The expression levels of serum HBD-1 in the ACLF group, decompensated cirrhosis group, and compensated cirrhosis group were (319.1 ± 44.4) ng/ml, (264.5 ± 46.5) ng/ml and (240.1 ± 35.4) ng/ml, respectively, while the ACLF group expression levels were significantly increased, with statistical significance (P < 0.01).The serum HBD-1 level was significantly higher in the ACLF worsening group (346.2 ± 43.6) ng/ml than that in the improvement group (308.5 ± 40.6) ng/ml, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Correlation analysis showed that HBD-1, NLR, PCT, prothrombin time (PT), and international standardized ratio (INR) were negatively correlated with the 28-day disease outcome (improvement) of patients (P < 0.05). PTA was positively correlated with 28-day disease outcome (improvement) (P < 0.05). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for evaluating HBD-1's diagnostic efficacy for short-term prognosis in patients with ACLF was 0.774, with a sensitivity of 0.750, a specificity of 0.786, and a cut-off point of 337.96 ng/ml. PCT, NLR, and PTA had greater diagnostic efficacy. HBD-1 combined with PTA had the highest diagnostic efficacy, with an AUC of 0.802, a sensitivity of 0.778, and a specificity of 0.786. The diagnostic efficacy of HBD-1+PCT, HBD-1+NLR and HBD-1, PCT, and NCR was superior to PTA mono. Conclusion: The serum HBD-1 level gradually increases with the aggravation of liver function injury and is negatively correlated with the short-term prognosis in patients with ACLF. Serum HBD-1 level has high sensitivity and specificity in predicting short-term prognosis in patients with ACLF, and its diagnostic efficacy is superior to that of PCT, NLR, and PTA. The combined application of HBD-1 and PTA has higher diagnostic efficacy; however, when the serum HBD-1 level is greater than 337.96ng/ml, it indicates poor prognosis in patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/diagnosis , Prognosis , Liver Cirrhosis , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , ROC Curve , Defensins , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970462

ABSTRACT

Systemic lupus erythematosus combined with chorea is relatively rare in China,and there are no unified diagnostic criteria or specific ancillary tests.Therefore,it is confirmed by exclusionary clinical diagnosis.To improve the understanding of this disease among rheumatologists,we report the clinical data of a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus combined with chorea admitted to the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology in the First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University in January 2022.Furthermore,we review the relevant literature in the past 10 years and summarize the clinical features of these cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chorea/diagnosis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , China , Hospitalization , Hospitals
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994387

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of serum Golgi protein 73(GP73) alone and GP73 combined with liver stiffness measurement (LSM), aspartate aminotransferase/platelet ratio index (APRI), and 4-factor-based fibrosis index (FIB4) in diagnosing liver fibrosis in patients with chronic liver disease of different etiologies.Methods:A diagnostic test. A total of 68 patients who underwent liver biopsy in the Department of Traditional and Western Medical Hepatology of the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University from October 2019 to December 2020 were selected to detect serum GP73 levels. iLivTouch was used to assess liver stiffness measurement (LSM). In addition, serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), total bilirubin (TBil), direct bilirubin (DBil), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels, and peripheral platelet (PLT) counts were assayed. The correlation between GP73 and the above indexes was assessed, and APRI and FIB-4 were calculated. SPSS 21.0 statistical software was used for statistical analysis. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was calculated to evaluate diagnostic efficacy of GP73 in identifying hepatic fibrosis stages. Furthermore, the difference between GP73 and liver stiffness, as well as APRI and FIB4 in diagnosing significant fibrosis was assessed.Results:Based on liver biopsy, 13, 18, 17, and 20 cases were diagnosed as stages S0-1, S2, S3, and S4, respectively. The AUC of GP73 diagnosing hepatic fibrosis stage S≥3 and S=4 were 0.806 and 0.844 at cut-off points of 2.06 and 3.27 μg/L, and the sensitivity and specificity were 93.5%, 61.5%, 90.0%, 70.3%, respectively. In addition, GP73 levels were positively correlated with the degree of liver fibrosis ( r=0.547, P<0.001). Conclusions:The efficacy of serum GP73 level in diagnosing the degree of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic liver disease from different causes was significantly higher than that of APRI, FIB4, and LSM. The combination of GP73 and FIB4 can further improve the accuracy of diagnosis of liver fibrosis staging S≥3 and S=4, which is a reliable serological marker for the diagnosis of fibrosis in patients with chronic liver disease.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933385

ABSTRACT

Steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1, NR5A1) is a transcription factor that plays a key role in the development of gonad and adrenal gland. NR5A1 gene mutation is one of the common causes of disorders of sex development(DSD). Heterozygous mutations of NR5A1 gene accounts for the majority of reported cases with various phenotyre. Early reported cases manifested with varying degrees of 46, XY gonadal dysplasia, whereas NR5A1 mutation was revealed to be related with the phenotypes of azoospermia in men and premature ovarian insufficiency in women recently. Adrenocortical insufficiency is absent in most cases. The heterogeneity of the clinical phenotype is considered resulting from the functional impact of different gene mutations on transcriptional activity, dose effect of downstream target gene(such as SOX9)and the genetic background of oligogenic mutation, etc. The process and regulation of gonadal development might be understood comprehensively by investigating the genotype and related phenotype of NR5A1.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957615

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate methods of molecular diagnosis and clinical features of 46, XY disorders of sexual development(DSD).Methods:A total of 206 cases of 46, XY DSD patients, who visited the Shanghai Ninth People′s Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, from July 2009 to June 2021, underwent AA chip based on multiplex PCR and probe-capture-targeted next-generation sequencing. Clinical features of patients with genetic diagnosis were analyzed.Results:Among 206 patients, the diagnostic rate of patients with micropenis, hypospadias and cryptorchidism was the highest, up to 75.28%. Almost all patients had different degrees of undermasculinized external genitalia. The most frequent phenotype was micropenis with hypospadias(87.25%). Only one gene variant was detected in 81 patients(39.32%), multiple genetic variants were detected in 104 patients(50.49%), and no gene variant was identified in 21 patients(10.19%). 107 patients had definite genetic diagnosis, with a diagnostic rate of 51.94% by adding the pathogenic and likely pathogenic ratios following the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics(ACMG) guidelines, including 40 patients of steroid 5α-reductase type 2(SRD5A2) variants(37.38%), 36 patients of androgen receptor(AR) variants(33.64%), 13 patients of steroidogenic factor 1(NR5A1) variants(16.82%), 6 patients of 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases 3(HSD17B3) variants(5.61%), 2 patients of 17α-hydroxylase/17, 20-lyase enzyme(CYP17A1), Wilms′ tumor 1(WT1) and GATA binding protein 4(GATA4) variants(1.87%), and one patient of luteinizing hormone receptor(LHCGR) variant(0.93%). Gynecomastia was found in 29 of 81 postpubertal patients, of which 25(86.21%) had AR variants.Conclusions:46, XY DSD presents complex clinical manifestations and molecular etiologies. Targeted nextgeneration sequencing has the advantages of high throughput, high efficiency and low cost, which has a high value especially in etiological diagnosis of 46, XY DSD with large genetic heterogeneity.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955658

ABSTRACT

Disease-centered problem-based learning (PBL) integrated course inspires the thinking of medical students in the case scenario to stimulate students' motivation of active learning. In this paper, the study of diabetes cases was taken as an example. Through the design of PBL cases, the scenario was reconstructed and information was provided step by step, so as to induce the students to discuss and learn the related knowledge of glucose metabolism and understand the predisposing factors of diabetes. Furthermore, students' critical thinking could be inspired through the information of the misdiagnose and mistreatment to recognize the clinical presentation and inducement of diabetic ketoacidosis. This teaching model is conducive to the cultivation of medical students' questioning spirit and critical thinking, laying a foundation for the cultivation of innovative medical talents.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936322

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of heat shock protein 90α (HSP90α) and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress pathway in allergic airway inflammation induced by house dust mite (HDM) in bronchial epithelial cells.@*METHODS@#A HDM- induced asthmatic cell model was established in human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells by exposure to a concentration gradient (200, 400 and 800 U/mL) of HDM for 24 h. To test the effect of siHSP90α and HSP90 inhibitor 17-AAG on HDM-induced asthmatic inflammation, HBE cells were transfected with siHSP90α (50 nmol, 12 h) or pretreated with 17-AAG (900 nmol, 6 h) prior to HDM exposure (800 U/mL) for 24 h, and the changes in the expression of HSP90α and ER stress markers were assessed. We also tested the effect of nasal drip of 17-AAG, HDM, or their combination on airway inflammation and ER stress in C57BL/6 mice.@*RESULTS@#In HBE cells, HDM exposure significantly up-regulated the expression of HSP90α protein (P=0.011) and ER stress markers XBP-1 (P=0.044), ATF-6α (P=0.030) and GRP-78 (P=0.027). Knocking down HSP90α and treatment with 17-AAG both significantly inhibited HDM-induced upregulation of XBP-1 (P=0.008). In C57BL/6 mice, treatment with 17-AAG obviously improved HDM-induced airway inflammation and significantly reduced the number of inflammatory cells in the airway (P=0.014) and lowered the levels of IL-4 (P=0.030) and IL-5 (P=0.035) in alveolar lavage fluid. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the expressions of XBP-1 and GRP-78 in airway epithelial cells decreased significantly after the treatment of 17-AAG.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HSP90α promotes HDM-induced airway allergic inflammation possibly by upregulating ER stress pathway in bronchial epithelial cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Asthma/metabolism , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Epithelial Cells , Inflammation/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Pyroglyphidae
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928374

ABSTRACT

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive motor neuron degenerative disease, which is the most common fatal neuromuscular disease in pediatrics with a high carrier frequency and can lead to progressive symmetrical muscle weakness and atrophy of the trunk and limbs. Preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) can be used to prevent the birth of children with SMA effectively. To standardize PGT technologies for SMA, experts from the fields of neurology, pediatrics and reproductive genetics have discussed and drafted this consensus for guiding its clinical application.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Consensus , Genetic Testing , Muscular Atrophy, Spinal/genetics , Survival of Motor Neuron 1 Protein/genetics
17.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2963-2966, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906899

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has become the second leading cause of hepatitis and can further progress to liver fibrosis, liver cirrhosis, and even liver cancer; however, the detailed pathogenesis of NASH remains unclear, and there is still a lack of effective therapeutic drugs. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of non-coding, post-transcriptionally regulated, and highly conserved small RNAs in the body and play an important role in a variety of liver diseases. This article mainly reviews the role of miRNAs in the development and progression of NASH.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906470

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically sort out and summarize the medication rules of clinical prescriptions for coronary heart disease with heart failure of Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome,and to provide reference for selecting prescriptions and medications for the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD) with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Method:All relevant literature concerning the treatment of CHD with compound TCM prescriptions for Qi deficiency and blood statis syndrome from 2000 to 2020 were retrieved from the China National Knowledge Network (CNKI),WanFang database (WanFang),and VIP journal database (VIP),and the names of prescriptions and drug components were extracted,followed by the frequency of drug use and drug category. Association rules of high-frequency drugs were analyzed by SPSS 18.0,and systematic clustering analysis was conducted by SPSS 21.0. Result:Finally,41 qualified literature articles covering 35 prescriptons and 66 drugs were included in the study. The total frequency of the drugs was 433 times. Among them,there were a total of 25 traditional Chinese medicines with a frequency of ≥5 times. The top 3 frequently used Chinese medicines were Astragali Radix (8.8%),Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (7.2%),Chuanxiong Rhizoma (5.8%). A total of 15 types of drugs were involved,among which tonic drugs (31.4%),blood promoting and blood stasis drugs (28.2%),and hydration and dampening drugs (7.6%) were used most frequently. The association rule analysis of traditional Chinese medicines with frequency of ≥ 5 showed that there were 13 pairs of binomial associations in 25 traditional Chinese medicines,with Astragali Radix in combination with Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma,Chuanxiong Rhizoma,Carthami Flos,et al. There were 8 groups of three associations,with Astragali Radix,Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma,and Chuanxiong Rhizoma as the main combinations. A systematic clustering analysis showed that the clustering effect was best when the 25 traditional Chinese medicines were clustered into 5 categories. Conclusion:The treatment of coronary heart disease with heart failure of Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome is based on replenishing qi and activating blood circulation,supplemented by warming yang,diuresis,and phlegm-resolving drugs,which can enhance the clinical efficacy. Two basic prescriptions of Buyang Huanwutang and Si junzitang are extracted. Other combinations of prescriptions and drugs can provide references for the clinical treatment of coronary heart disease with heart failure.

19.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 144-154, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880953

ABSTRACT

Oocyte cryopreservation is widely used for clinical and social reasons. Previous studies have demonstrated that conventional slow-freezing cryopreservation procedures, but not storage time, can alter the gene expression profiles of frozen oocytes. Whether vitrification procedures and the related frozen storage durations have any effects on the transcriptomes of human metaphase II oocytes remain unknown. Four women (30-32 years old) who had undergone IVF treatment were recruited for this study. RNA-Seq profiles of 3 fresh oocytes and 13 surviving vitrified-thawed oocytes (3, 3, 4, and 3 oocytes were cryostored for 1,2, 3, and 12 months) were analyzed at a single-cell resolution. A total of 1987 genes were differentially expressed in the 13 vitrified-thawed oocytes. However, no differentially expressed genes were found between any two groups among the 1-, 2-, 3-, and 12-month storage groups. Further analysis revealed that the aberrant genes in the vitrified oocytes were closely related to oogenesis and development. Our findings indicated that the effects of vitrification on the transcriptomes of mature human oocytes are induced by the procedure itself, suggesting that long-term cryostorage of human oocytes is safe.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Cryopreservation , Metaphase , Oocytes , RNA-Seq , Vitrification
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878330

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Prior pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) on chest X-ray (CXR) was commonly found in infertile patients receiving examinations before @*Method@#We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 14,254 infertile patients who had received IVF-ET at Peking University Third Hospital in 2017. Prior PTB was defined as the presence of signs suggestive of old or inactive PTB on CXR, with or without a clinical TB history. Patients who had prior PTB on CXR but had not received a clinical diagnosis and anti-TB therapy were included for analysis. Live birth, clinical pregnancy, and miscarriage rates were compared between the untreated PTB and non-PTB groups.@*Results@#The untreated PTB group had significantly lower clinical pregnancy (31.7% @*Conclusions@#Untreated PTB was associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes after IVF-ET, especially in patients with unexplained infertility, highlighting the clinical significance of PTB in this specific patient population.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Abortion, Spontaneous/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Embryo Transfer/statistics & numerical data , Fertilization in Vitro/statistics & numerical data , Infertility, Female/etiology , Live Birth/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology , Radiography, Thoracic , Retrospective Studies , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/epidemiology
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