Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 170
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 124-133, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005261

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of Qingfei Huatan Zhuyu decoction on the lung and intestinal function of rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) and explore the deep-seated mechanism of its embodiment of lung and intestinal co-treatment. MethodA total of 60 Wistar rats were randomly divided into six groups, with 10 rats in each group, and the groups were control group, model group, acute syrup group (10 g·kg-1·d-1), and low, medium, and high-dose groups (10, 15, 20 g·kg-1·d-1) of Qingfei Huatan Zhuyu decoction. The COPD rat model was established by lipopolysaccharide tracheal drip combined with the smoke inhalation method, and the acute syrup group and the Qingfei Huatan Zhuyu decoction group were administered by gavage with corresponding dose concentrations respectively, while the rest groups were controlled by saline gavage, and the lung function and blood gas indexes of rats were monitored after the last administration. The histopathological changes in the lung and intestine were observed microscopically. The expression of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA) in colon tissue were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The biochemical indexes such as serum diamine oxidase (DAO), D-lactic acid, and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of tight junction protein (Occludin) in rat colon tissue. The expression of F4/80 positive alveolar macrophages in rat lung tissue, and the expression of α-actin (α-SMA) and colonic atresia small band protein-1 (ZO-1) were determined by immunofluorescence. The protein expression of p-NF-κB p65, NF-κB p65, p-p38 MAPK, and p-p38 MAPK and the expression of Occludin and ZO-1 in colon tissue were detected in rat lung tissue by Western blot. ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group had pulmonary dysfunction, reduced forced vital capacity (FVC), arterial partial oxygen pressure (PaO2), arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2), and dynamic lung compliance (Cdyn) (P<0.01), and the pathological changes in the lung and intestine were obvious. The expressions of IL-6, TNF-α, DAO, D-lactic acid, and MDA in serum were increased (P<0.05,P<0.01), and the protein expression ratio of p-NF-κB p65/NF-κB p65 and p-p38 MAPK/p38 MAPK in lung tissue was increased. The expression of F4/80 positive macrophages in lung tissue was enhanced. The expression of IgA, Occludin, and ZO-1 in colon tissue decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the pulmonary function of the rats in the acute syrup group and groups of Qingfei Huatan Zhuyu decoction was significantly improved, and the FVC, PaO2, SaO2, and Cdyn were increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). The pathological changes in the lung and intestine were significant. The expressions of IL-6, TNF-α, DAO, D-lactic acid, and MDA in serum were decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01), and the expressions of F4/80 positive macrophages in lung tissue were decreased (P<0.01). The protein expression ratio of p-NF-κB p65/NF-κB p65 and p-p38 MAPK/p38 MAPK in lung tissue decreased (P<0.01), and the expression of IgA, Occludin, and ZO-1 in colon tissue increased (P<0.01). ConclusionQingfei Huatan Zhuyu decoction can effectively reduce the symptoms of COPD rats, and its mechanism of action is related to inhibiting the inflammatory response of lung tissue and improving the barrier function of the intestinal mucosa.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2231-2239, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013673

ABSTRACT

Aim This study aimed to assess the therapeutic potential of ACT001, a micheliolide derivative, in the treatment of acute lung injury ( ALI) induced by sepsis and investigate its pharmacological mechanisms. Methods At the animal level, an ALI model was established in mice through intraperitoneal injection of li-popolysaccharide (LPS). Subsequently, ACT001 was administered to the ALI-afflicted mice. The therapeutic effects of ACT001 were assessed by evaluating factors such as individual survival rate, lung inflammation, and pulmonary edema. At the cellular level, RAW264. 7 cells were stimulated with LPS to explore the pharmacological mechanism of ACT001. The study examined inflammatory response and oxidative stress levels, and proteomics analysis was conducted to investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms. Results At the animal level, ACT001 can improve the survival of mice with ALI, reduce lung inflammation, and reduce the levels of inflammatory cytokines in serum. At the cellular level, ACT001 promotes the polarization of RAW264. 7 cells toward an anti-inflammatory pheno-type by inhibiting MHC-II related pathways, inhibiting the production of NO and related inflammatory cytokines while increasing SOD content and scavenging ROS. Conclusions ACT001 exhibited the potential to alleviate ALI via its anti-inflammatory and antioxidative activity, mainly by inhibiting the STAT1/ CIITA/ MHC-II pathway. ACT001 holds promise as a novel therapeutic candidate for the treatment of ALI induced by sepsis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 521-524, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995660

ABSTRACT

Inherited retinal diseases (IRD) are a group of genetic disorders with high genetic and clinical heterogeneity. Genetic diagnosis has become one essential method for patients with IRD in their clinical management. So far, about 30% of the patients with IRD cannot get molecular diagnosis (no pathogenic variant detected or only mono-allele variant identified in AR genes) using target or whole exome sequencing. Most missing heritability or variants for these patients were variants located in no-coding regions (deep intron or promoter regions) and structure variants of the known IRD genes. It is more challenge to reveal this kind of missing variants, which need using whole genome sequencing combined with other cellular or molecular assays.

4.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 32-38, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995472

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the curative effect of wide pedicled with double-vessel flap of posterior lateral calf in repair of soft tissue defect in hind foot.Methods:From January 2018 to June 2021, 12 patients with soft tissue defects on hind foot were reconstructed with double-vessel flaps pedicled perforator of peroneal artery and sural nerve nutrient vessels in the Department of Trauma Orthopaedics, No.940 Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army Joint Service Support Force. The patients were 8 males and 4 females, aged 9-45(27.17±12.14) years old. Time after injury to admission was 6-24(10.17±4.80) hours. Six patients were with simple soft tissue defects, 2 with tendon defects, 3 with bone defects and 1 with postoperative infection due to an open fracture. The sizes of soft tissue defect ranged from 4 cm×5 cm-8 cm×12 cm. Soft tissue defects were reconstructed by transfer of posterolateral calf flaps, and the bone defects were repaired by phase I or phase II bone grafts or antibiotic cement and membrane induction according to the wound surface. For larger bone defects, stage-II bone transport was carried out to restore the length of the hind foot. Defects of Achilles tendon were reconstructed by direct suture or tendon transposition. Foot functions were evaluated by American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Surgery(AOFAS) ankle-posterior sufficient scale, visual analogue scale(VSA) score and flap healing. All patients were included in postoperative follow-up regularly through outpatient clinic or via WeChat.Results:All 12 patients had postoperative follow-up that lasted for 6-24(12.92±6.22) months. One flap developed dark purple colour with swelling at the distal end of the flap 3 days after surgery. It eventually healed after removed some sutures from the pedicle together with blood-letting on the flap surface. Three flaps developed local infection, and they were cured after debridement, dressing change and the use of sensitive antibiotics. The remaining 8 patients had achieved good appearance of flaps and normal ankle function. According to AOFAS, scores of ankle-posterior sufficiency scale increased from 14-45(25.25±5.42) before surgery up to 65-96(75.92±7.73) at the final follow-up. Of the 12 patients, 8 were in excellent, 2 in good and 2 in fair. The VAS scores decreased from 5-8(6.55±1.13) before surgery down to 0-4(1.55±1.37) at the final follow-up. The difference had statistics significance( P<0.01). All patients had satisfactory recovery of ankle function, with the extension at 15-20 degrees and plantar flexion of 30-40 degrees. The donor site healed well and all skin grafts survived. Conclusion:The double-vessel flap pedicled with perforating branch of peroneal artery and nutrient vessels of sural nerve can be used for reconstruction of soft tissue defect of hind foot. It achieved good surgical effects with reliable blood supply, smooth venous return, strong anti-infection ability, satisfactory appearance at donor site and flap itself, as well as a good recovery of foot function.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 112-116, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of digestive system symptoms and its relation with the time of nucleic acid continuous positive in population infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 Omicron variant, and to analyze the abdominal computed tomography (CT) features of patients infected with Omicron variant.Methods:From April 11 to May 23, 2022, a questionnaire survey was conducted in patients infected with Omicron variant admitted to the Shanghai National Convention and Exhibition Center Fangcang Hospital. The questionnaire included basic information, the start time of nucleic acid positive, respiratory symptoms, digestive system syptoms and outcomes, etc.Combined with the clinical data, the relation between digestive tract symptoms and the time of nucleic acid continuous positive were analyzed. Thoracic and abdominal CT were performed for patients with continuous positive nucleic acid results ≥10 d, and the relationship between the abdominal CT imaging characteristics and the time of nucleic acid continuous positive was analyzed. Independent sample t-test and multivariate logistic regression were used for statistical analysis. Results:A total of 4 360 valid questionnaires were collected, including 2 475 males and 1 885 females, with a hospital stay of (6.8±4.9) d. Among the 4 360 patients, 1 979 patients (45.4%) had gastrointestinal symptoms such as loss of appetite, abdominal discomfort or pain, constipation and diarrhea. The time of nucleic acid continuous positive in patients with gastrointestinal symptoms was (7.4±5.5) d, which was longer than that of patients without gastrointestinal symptoms (6.5±3.6) d, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.78, P<0.001). During the isolation period in the Fangcang Hospital, the time of nucleic acid continuous positive in patients with complete remission of digestive tract symptoms was shorter than that of patients with no remission of digestive tract symptoms ((7.3±5.2) d vs. (8.5±5.7) d), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.25, P=0.025). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the combination of gastrointestinal symptoms was an independent risk factor for continuous positive nucleic acid result ≥10 d ( OR=1.316, 95% confidence interval 1.294 to 2.205, P=0.046). Among the 299 patients with continuous positive nucleic acid results≥10 d, 187 cases (62.5%) had gastrointestinal symptoms, and 146 cases (48.8%) had abdominal CT findings of thickening of the gastroduodenal wall, thickening of the small intestinal wall, indistinct mesenteric vessels of the small intestine, and dilatation and pneumatosis of the colon. In patients with continuous positive nucleic acid results ≥10 d, abdominal CT indicated that patients with gastrointestinal imaging changes had a longer time of nucleic acid continuous positive than those without gastrointestinal imaging changes ((16.0±2.8) d vs. (13.0±2.1) d), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.62, P=0.009). Conclusions:Digestive system symptoms are common in patients infected with Omicron variant. The time of nucleic acid continuous positive in patients with gastrointestinal symptoms is longer than those without gastrointestinal symptoms. Some patients may have gastrointestinal lesions on abdominal CT.

6.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1000-1006, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994417

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of biologics on psychological status and quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).Methods:A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 42 hospitals in 22 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government) from September 2021 to May 2022. General clinical information and the use of biologics were obtained from adult patients diagnosed with IBD who voluntarily participated in the study. Psychological status was evaluated using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ) assessment tools. Counts were analyzed via the Chi-square test, and datasets that were not normally distributed were analyzed via nonparametric tests. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:A total of 2 478 valid questionnaires were collected. The GAD-7 score of the biologics group was significantly lower than that of the non-use group [6 (2, 9) vs. 7 (3, 10), Z=-3.49, P<0.001]. IBDQ scores [183 (158, 204) vs. 178 (152, 198), Z=-4.11, P<0.001], intestinal symptom scores [61 (52, 67) vs. 58 (49, 65), Z=-5.41, P<0.001], systemic symptom scores [28 (24, 32) vs. 27 (23, 31), Z=-2.37, P=0.018], emotional ability scores [69 (58, 77) vs. 67 (56, 75), Z=-3.58, P<0.001] and social ability scores [26 (22, 29) vs. 25 (22, 29), Z=-2.52, P=0.012] in the biologics group were significantly higher than in the non-use group. GAD-7 scores [5 (2, 9) vs. 6 (3, 10), Z=-3.50, P<0.001] and PSQI scores [6 (4, 9) vs. 6 (4, 9), Z=-2.55, P=0.011] were significantly lower in the group using infliximab than in the group not using it. IBDQ scores were significantly higher in patients using vedolizumab than in those not using it [186 (159, 205) vs. 181 (155, 201), Z=-2.32, P=0.021] and were also significantly higher in the group treated with adalimumab than in the group not treated with adalimumab [187 (159, 209) vs. 181 (155, 201), Z=-2.16, P=0.030]. However, ustekinumab had no significant effect on any of the scores. Conclusion:The use of biologics is strongly associated with improvements in anxiety status and quality of life in IBD patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 571-574, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990081

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) in children with drug-resistant epileptic spasms (ES), and to explore the surgical strategy of children with spastic seizure under the guidance of SEEG.Methods:The clinical data of 156 children with ES who were preoperatively evaluated in the Department of Neurosurgery Ward 3, Tsinghua University Yuquan Hospital from January 2014 to December 2021 were retrospectively reviewed.All children were evaluated in the second stage of stereotactic electrode placement after a non-invasive preoperative evaluation.The characteristics of intracranial EEG, surgical strategy and prognosis were analyzed.Results:A total of 19 eligible children were included, involving 13 boys and 6 girls.The age of first onset and surgical age of them ranged 1 month to 4 years, and 2 years to 13 years, respectively.The SEEG was divided into 3 types in children with ES at the onset.Five children were SEEG type A, presenting with the focal seizure discharges at the beginning and a gradual propagation to widespread fast-wave bursts.Ten children were SEEG type B, presenting a focal leading spike followed by diffused fast-wave bursts.Four children were SEEG type C, presenting a diffuse fast wave rhythm onset.Although some electrode discharges appeared slightly " leading", they covered more than one brain region.After focal resection or thermocoagulation, 13/19 patients did not have the onset of seizures, and 5/19 and 8/19 were graded as SEEG type A, and B, respectively.During the intermittent period of SEEG attacks in children with SEEG type A and B, a significant phenomenon of focal epileptic discharge consistent with the onset of the attack was observed, and surgical removal of these areas effectively controlled spastic seizures.Conclusions:Epileptic spasms may be triggered by a focal neocortical discharge.Intracranial EEG showed that the focal seizure onset evolves into spasm or a focal " leading spike" is a good indicator of surgical prognosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 810-814, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981672

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of sequential plate internal fixation in the correction of Madelung deformity after ulnar osteotomy and shortening.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 13 patients with Madelung deformity admitted between September 2015 and July 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 5 males and 8 females with an average age of 18.3 years ranging from 17 to 23 years. The disease duration ranged from 12 to 24 months, with an average of 17 months. Three cases had a clear history of trauma. All patients had external radial deviation deformity and limited movement of the ulnar deviation, and the ulnar impact pain was significant during ulnar deviation movement; 9 patients had limited wrist joint supination movement, and the supination movement was normal. In the first stage, ulnar osteotomy and shortening combined with external fixator were used to correct wrist deformity in 13 patients. After operation, bone transfer was performed 6 times per day, with adjustments made every 4 hours, which was 1 mm per day. After the osteotomy was in place, the ulnar plate internal fixation was performed to reconstruct the ulnar stability in the second stage. The Cooney wrist joint score was used to assess the pain, function, range of motion, flexion and extension range of motion, and grip strength of the wrist joint before operation and before the removal of internal fixator. The subjective feeling and appearance satisfaction of patients were recorded.@*RESULTS@#After the second-stage operation, all the 13 patients were followed up 10-22 months, with an average of 15 months. The deformity of wrist joint disappeared after operation, and the flexion, extension, and ulnar deviation were basically normal. There was no complication such as ulnar impingement sign, nonunion or infection. Wrist function, pain, and range of motion were significantly improved after operation, except for 1 patient who had no significant improvement in rotation and pain. The ulnar internal fixator was removed at 10-18 months after the second-stage operation. The scores of pain, function, range of motion, flexion and extension range of motion, and grip strength in the Cooney wrist score before removal of internal fixator significantly improved when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05). Subjective and appearance satisfaction of patients were excellent in 9 cases, good in 3 cases, and fair in 1 case.@*CONCLUSION@#Ulnar osteotomy and shortening with sequential plate internal fixation for correction of Madelung deformity, with mild postoperative pain, can effectively avoid bone nonunion, improve wrist joint function, and have significant effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Retrospective Studies , Ulna/surgery , Osteochondrodysplasias , Radius Fractures/surgery , Wrist Joint/surgery , Osteotomy , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
9.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 105-118, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971622

ABSTRACT

The third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor osimertinib (OSI) has been approved as the first-line treatment for EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study aims to explore a rational combination strategy for enhancing the OSI efficacy. In this study, OSI induced higher CD47 expression, an important anti-phagocytic immune checkpoint, via the NF-κB pathway in EGFR-mutant NSCLC HCC827 and NCI-H1975 cells. The combination treatment of OSI and the anti-CD47 antibody exhibited dramatically increasing phagocytosis in HCC827 and NCI-H1975 cells, which highly relied on the antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis effect. Consistently, the enhanced phagocytosis index from combination treatment was reversed in CD47 knockout HCC827 cells. Meanwhile, combining the anti-CD47 antibody significantly augmented the anticancer effect of OSI in HCC827 xenograft mice model. Notably, OSI induced the surface exposure of "eat me" signal calreticulin and reduced the expression of immune-inhibitory receptor PD-L1 in cancer cells, which might contribute to the increased phagocytosis on cancer cells pretreated with OSI. In summary, these findings suggest the multidimensional regulation by OSI and encourage the further exploration of combining anti-CD47 antibody with OSI as a new strategy to enhance the anticancer efficacy in EGFR-mutant NSCLC with CD47 activation induced by OSI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mice , Animals , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Acrylamides/pharmacology , ErbB Receptors/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , CD47 Antigen/therapeutic use
10.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 363-367, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971463

ABSTRACT

Objective: Through the use of high-density polyethylene implants in adults with cleft lip and palate nasal deformities and abnormal functions, to evaluate the clinical effect of postoperative patients on improving nasal shape and symptoms. Methods: A retrospective study of 12 patients with nasal deformities after cleft lip and palate surgery in the Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine from January 2018 to January 2022 was completed, including 7 males and 5 females, with the age ranging from 18 to 29 years. All the patients underwent nasal deformity correction, and nasal septum correction was performed if necessary. High-density polyethylene implants (MEDPOR/Su-Por) were used intraoperatively. Follow-up for at least 6 months was performed to measure the relevant appearance indicators and subjective Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scores, and to compare the clinical effects before and after surgery. SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: Before and after surgery, the average VAS score of nasal obstruction decreased by (4.83±0.94) points; the average VAS score of appearance satisfaction increased by (3.92±1.08) points; the height of nasal columella was increased by (1.79±0.78)mm; the height of nasal tip was increased by (2.79±1.50)mm; the height of ipsilateral nostril was increased by (1.83±0.62)mm; the width of the ipsilateral nasal floor was reduced by (0.42±0.47)mm. All of above were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusion: High-density polyethylene implants can effectively improve the shape and function of the nose in operations related to cleft lip and palate nasal deformity and abnormal functions, and are an ideal synthetic material.

11.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 206-211, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971435

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the internal nasal valve (INV) and to evaluate its key parameters in the established 3D models of nasal cavity space via Mimics from CT images, in order to provide evidence for quantitative diagnosis of nasal valve compromise. Methods: A total of 32 Han adults without nasal diseases who underwent maxillofacial CT test in Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital from January 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively recruited, including 16 males and 16 females, with the age ranged from 20 to 80 years (50% age<50 years old). Maxillofacial CT images were used to create 3D model of nasal cavity space. The INV was identified and the following parameters were measured: the angle between the INV and the nasal bone (θINV-B), unilateral cross-sectional area of the INV (AINV-R, AINV-L), total cross-sectional area of the INV (AINV), unilateral height of the INV (HINV-R, HINV-L), unilateral nasal valve angle (αINV-R, αINV-L), and the sum of nasal valve angle (αINV). The AINV in our study was compared with the results of the previously adopted planes (PlaneC, perpendicular to the hard palate and PlaneB, plane perpendicular to the nasal bone). The parameters above were compared among genders, age and race groups. SPSS 26 and GraphPad Prism 9 software were used for statistical analysis and mapping of data. Results: The AINV in our study was (214.87±52.94) mm², which was significantly less than that of PlaneC (254.97±47.80) mm² and PlaneB (226.07±57.36) mm². The measured parameters were as follows: θINV-B was (82.07±7.06)°; AINV-R was (112.66±31.39) mm²; AINV-L was (102.21±27.14) mm²; AINV was (214.87±52.94) mm²; HINV-R was (24.87±4.62) mm; HINV-L was (24.35±4.86) mm; αINV-R was (20.48±2.99)°; αINV-L was (19.65±3.82)°; αINV was (40.13±6.24)°. The AINV-R was larger than AINV-L (t=2.33, P<0.05); The HINV, AINV-R, AINV-L and AINV of males were more than those of females (t value was 5.77, 3.21, 2.91 and 3.52, respectively, all P<0.01). The AINV of the young group (<50 years) was larger than that of the old group (t=2.83, P<0.01); The θINV-B was different between the Han people and the Caucasian (t=2.92,P<0.01). The αINV of the Han people was larger than that of Caucasians (Z=-6.92, P<0.01), but the HINV was smaller (Z=-3.89, P<0.01). Conclusion: The AINV carried out in 3D models of nasal cavity space is significantly smaller than that obtained by the previous methods of CT evaluation. INV static parameters differ among genders, age and race groups.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Nasal Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , China , Nose , Nasal Bone
12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 62-69, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971274

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the decompensation effectiveness and alveolar bone remodeling of mandibular anterior teeth after preoperative orthodontic treatment in high-angle patients with skeletal class Ⅱ malocclusion using lateral cephalogram and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).@*METHODS@#Thirty high-angle patients with skeletal class Ⅱ malocclusion who had received preoperative orthodontic treatment and orthognathic surgery in Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology between Ja-nuary 2017 and August 2022 and had taken lateral cephalogram and CBCT before and after preoperative orthodontic treatment were selected. Items were measured with lateral cephalogram including: The lower central incisor (L1)-Frankfort plane angle (L1-FH), the L1-mandibular plane angle (L1-MP), the L1-nasion-supramental angle (L1-NB) and the vertical distance from the incisal edge of lower central incisor to NB line (L1-NB distance), etc. The incidence of dehiscence/fenestration and the length of dehiscence at labial side (d-La) and lingual side (d-Li) were measured using CBCT. Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between the changes of d-Li of L1 and age, duration of preoperative orthodontic treatment and the cephalometric measurements before preoperative orthodontic treatment to screen out risk factors affecting the periodontal risk of preoperative orthodontic treatment in high-angle patients with skeletal class Ⅱ malocclusions.@*RESULTS@#After preoperative orthodontic treatment, L1-FH, L1-MP, L1-NB and L1-NB distances changed by 11.56°±5.62°, -11.13°±5.53°, -11.57°±5.43° and (-4.99±1.89) mm, respectively, and the differences were all statistically significant (P < 0.05). Among the 180 measured mandibular anterior teeth, 45 cases with labial dehiscence/fenestration before preoperative orthodontic treatment (T0) had no longer labial dehiscence/fenestration after preope-rative orthodontic treatment (T1); 142 cases without lingual dehiscence/fenestration at T0 had lingual dehiscence/fenestration at T1. After preoperative orthodontic treatment, the d-La of lower lateral incisors (L2), lower canines (L3) and lower anterior teeth (L1+L2+L3) decreased by (0.95±2.22) mm, (1.20±3.23) mm and (0.68±2.50) mm, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05); the d-Li of L1, L2, L3 and L1+L2+L3 increased by (4.43±1.94) mm, (4.53±2.35) mm, (3.19±2.80) mm and (4.05±2.46) mm, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The increase of d-Li of L1 was positively correlated with L1-FH (r=0.373, P=0.042).@*CONCLUSION@#This study showed that high-angle patients with skeletal class Ⅱ ma-locclusion could achieve ideal decompensation effect of mandibular anterior teeth after preoperative orthodontic treatment with bilateral mandibular first premolars extracted, but the lingual periodontal risk of mandibular anterior teeth was increased. This risk could be correlated to L1-FH before preoperative orthodontic treatment, which should be paid more attention in the design of orthodontic-orthognathic surgical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Malocclusion, Angle Class III , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/surgery , Facial Bones , Incisor , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandible
13.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1130-1134, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010179

ABSTRACT

Sjögren's syndrome(SS)is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects exocrine glands, especially salivary and lacrimal glands. The main clinical manifestations are dry mouth and dry eyes, but also multi-organ and multi-system can be involved. Cold agglutinin disease(CAD)is an autoimmune disease characterized by red blood cell agglutination in the blood vessels of extremities caused by cold agglutinin at low temperature, resulting in skin microcirculation disturbance, or hemolytic anemia. Cold agglutinin disease is divided into two categories, primary cold agglutinin disease and secondary cold agglutinin disease. Primary cold agglutinin disease is characterized with cold agglutinin titer of 1 ∶4 000 or more and positive Coomb's test. However, the Coomb's test is not necessarily positive and the cold agglutinin titer is between 1 ∶32 and 1 ∶4 000 in secondary cold agglutinin disease. Here, we reported an elderly patient admitted to hospital due to fever. He was diagnosed with respiratory infection, but he showed incompletely response to the anti-infection treatment. Further laboratory tests showed the patient with positive ANA and anti-SSA antibodies. Additionally, the patient complained that he had dry mouth and dry eyes for 1 year. Schirmer test and salivate gland imaging finally confirmed the diagnosis Sjogren's syndrome. During the hospital stay, the blood clots were found in the anticoagulant tubes. Hemolytic anemia was considered as the patient had anemia with elevated reticulocytes and indirect bilirubin. In addition, further examination showed positive cold agglutination test with a titer of 1 ∶1 024, and cold agglutinin disease was an important type of cold-resistant autoimmune hemolytic anemia. Furthermore, the patient developed cyanosis after ice incubating at the tip of the nose. Hence, the patient was diagnosed as CAD and he was successfully treated with glucocorticoids instead of anti-infection treatments. Hence, the patient was diagnosed with SS combined with secondary CAD. SS combined CAD are rarely reported, and they are both autoimmune diseases. The abnormal function of B lymphocytes and the production of autoantibodies might be the common pathogenesis of them. Cold agglutinin disease can lead to severe hemolytic anemia, even life-threatening. In clinical practice, timely recognizing and dealing with CAD might promote the prognosis of the patient.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Aged , Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune/diagnosis , Sjogren's Syndrome/diagnosis , Anemia, Hemolytic/complications , Dry Eye Syndromes/complications , Autoantibodies
14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1421-1429, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014219

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of Mahuang-Dahuang(MD)on inhibiting M1 polarization of alveolar macrophages, alleviating inflammatory injury and treating acute lung injury, and the underlying mechanism.Methods Abandoned rats were divided into normal control group(NC), model control group(MC), MD high-dose group(MD-H), medium-dose group(MD-M), low-dose group(MD-L), and DXMS group.Lipopolysaccharide(LPS)was injected intraperitoneally to prepare an acute lung injury(ALI)rat model.After the model was established, different doses of MD were administered by intragastric administration, and the pathological changes of lung tissues were observed; immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expression of alveolar macrophage marker F4/80,F4/80 and CD80, CD80 and IL-6 Co-expression; Flow cytometry was used to detect the content of F4/80 and CD80 in lung tissues; PCR was used to detect the relative expression of IL-6, INOS, TNF-α mRNA in lung tissues; Western blot was used to detect lung tissue CCR2, CCL2, p-p65, P65, p-p38MAPK, p38MAPK protein expression.Results Compared with NC group, rats in MC group had damaged alveolar structure, thickened pulmonary interstitial edema, and infiltrated a large number of inflammatory cells.Among them, the number of macrophages increased significantly, which promoted the increase in the expression of macrophages-related chemokines CCR2 and CCL2.The number and expression of M1 alveolar macrophages in lung tissues increased, the relative expression of M1 alveolar macrophages-related cytokines IL-6, INOS and TNF-α mRNA was up-regulated, and the target protein in the related pathways of alveolar macrophages M1 polarization p-NF-κBp65/NF-κBp65, p-P38MAPK/p38MAPK protein expression was up-regulated.Compared with MC group, the pathological status of lung tissues in MD high, medium, and low dose groups was significantly improved, the number of lung tissue M1 alveolar macrophages decreased, the relative expression of inflammatory factors IL-6, INOS and TNF-α mRNA was down-regulated, and the protein expression of CCR2, CCL2, p-NF-κBp65/ NF-κBp65 and p-P38MAPK/p38MAPK was reduced in lung tissues.Conclusions MD can inhibit the M1 polarization of alveolar macrophages, reduce the activation and release of inflammatory factors, inhibit inflammatory response, and prevent acute lung injury by regulating the expression of related indicators of NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways.

15.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 289-292, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958368

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of anterolateral wide pedicled double dynamic flap of the calf in repair of soft tissue defects of mid-and forefoot.Methods:From September 2015 to Septemler 2020, 15 cases with severe soft tissue defects of mid-and forefoot were repaired with the anterolateral wide pedicled double dynamic flap of the calf. There were 11 males and 4 females with an average age of 37(range, 22-53)years old. Of the 15 cases, the defects were caused by traffic accident in 6 cases and objects smash in 9 cases. Three cases were simple soft tissue defect, and 12 cases combined with fracture or dislocation and bone defect. The size of soft tissue defects ranged from 4 cm×5 cm to 7 cm×12 cm. All wounds of donor sites were repaired by skin grafting. All patients entered follow-ups at the outpatient clinic or through WeChat. The appearance of flaps and limb recovery were recorded after surgery.Results:All cases followed-up for 6-24 (mean, 16) months. Two days after surgery, 1 case had flap swelling and cyanosis, which was improved after pedicle suture removal and surface bloodletting. The pedicle of the flap was slightly bloated in 4 cases, and the texture and appearance were good in 11 cases. The ankle function of all cases recovered satisfactorily. The ranges of ankle motion were 15°-20° for dorsiflexion and 30°-40° for plantar flexion. The donor site healed well and all the skin grafts survived.Conclusion:The anterolateral wide pedicled double dynamic flap of the calf is one of the ideal flaps for repairing the soft tissue defects of the mid-and forefoot with reliable blood supply, sufficient venous return, simple operation and no require a vascular anastomosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 686-694, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the psychology status and quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease(IBD) in China, and to analyze the influencing factors.Methods:From September 2021 to May 2022, 42 hospitals in 22 provinces(autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government) in China, the clinical data of 2 478 IBD patients were collected, which included age, gender, weight, first visit or not, disease activity, disease course, main clinical manifestations(diarrhea, abdominal pain, hematochezia, extraintestinal manifestations), complications, treatment medication(5-aminosalicylic acid, glucocorticoids, immunosuppressive agents, and biological agents), and whether to have surgery. Anxiety, depression, sleep quality and quality of life of IBD patients were evaluated by generalized anxiety disorder-7 items, patient health questionnaire-9 items, Pittsburgh sleep quality index and inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire, and the related influencing factors were analyzed. Univariate analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were used for statistical analysis.Results:The average age of 2 478 IBD patients was 37.96 years old, and male counted for 62.43%(1 547/2 478). There were 61.82%(1 532/2 478) of the IBD patients in the active stage of disease, mostly mild or moderate(588 and 734 cases). There were 60.61%(1 502/2 478) of the IBD patients with different degrees of anxiety, 58.35%(1 446/2 478) of the IBD patients with different degrees of depression, and 48.87%(1 211/2 478) of the IBD patients had different degrees of sleep problems. The results of multiple linear regression analysis indicated that female, higher level of disease activity and longer disease course were independent risk factors of anxiety, depression and sleep quality in the IBD patients(unstandardized regression coefficient(95% confidence interval) 1.08(0.65 to 1.50), 0.45(0.23 to 0.68), 0.19(0.02 to 0.36), 0.83(0.33 to 1.32), 0.62(0.36 to 0.88), 0.28(0.08 to 0.47), 0.47(0.16 to 0.77), 0.39(0.23 to 0.55), 0.14(0.02 to 0.26); P<0.001, <0.001, =0.025 , =0.001, <0.001, =0.005, =0.003, <0.001, =0.027). The usage of biological agents was an independent protective factor of anxiety(unstandardized regression coefficient(95% confidence interval) -0.67(-1.17 to -0.17), P=0.008), and older age was an independent risk factor of sleep quality(unstandardized regression coefficient(95% confidence interval) 0.35(0.09 to 0.61), P=0.008). Higher level of disease activity, symptoms of diarrhea, abdominal pain, presence of extraintestinal manifestations, usage of 5-aminosalicylic acid and glucocorticoid, and with surgical treatment were independent risk factors of quality of life(unstandardized regression coefficient(95% confidence interval) -11.00(-12.24 to -9.76), -2.90(-5.26 to -0.55), -3.93(-6.25 to -1.61), -5.79(-9.87 to -1.71), -4.78(-7.79 to -1.76), -7.71(-11.07 to -4.35), -4.37(-8.00 to -0.73); P<0.001, =0.016, =0.001, =0.005 , =0.002, <0.001, =0.019), while the usage of biological agents was an independent protective factor of quality of life (unstandardized regression coefficient(95% confidence interval) 4.72(1.97 to 7.48), P=0.001). Conclusion:IBD patients generally have different degrees of anxiety, depression and sleep problems, which affect the quality of life of patients. Gender, disease activity and disease course are the influencing factors of mental disorders in IBD patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 509-516, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957582

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the correlation between circulating chemerin and two indicators of renal function, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urine albumin creatinine ratio (UACR), in individuals with type 2 diabetes and to determine whether chemerin is an independent marker of early renal insufficiency.Methods:A total of 742 patients with type 2 diabetes were recruited into the cross-sectional community study. Basic information, anthropometric parameters, and biochemical parameters of these individuals were determined and collected, and serum chemerin level was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results:Chemerin levels were significantly higher in the eGFR-impaired group compared with eGFR-normal group, and macroalbuminuria group compared to the normal or microalbuminuria groups. Spearman′ rank correlation analysis showed serum chemerin level was correlated with eGFR ( r=-0.25, P<0.001), UACR ( r=0.23, P<0.001) and some other biochemical indicators such as triglyceride. And univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed circulating chemerin was an independent risk factor for eGFR impairment or proteinuria after adjusting corresponding covariates. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the area under curve (AUC) of circulating chemerin for predicting early impaired eGFR in type 2 diabetes was 0.747, while the AUC of circulating chemerin for predicting macroalbuminuria in type 2 diabetes was 0.748. Conclusion:Circulating chemerin is associated with eGFR or UACR and may be a potential diagnostic marker for early renal insufficiency in type 2 diabetes.

18.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 267-271, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936145

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the consistency of cytomegalovirus deoxyribo nucleic acid (CMV-DNA) and immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibody detections in patients with different clinical characteristics and their guiding value for clinical practice.@*METHODS@#From December 2014 to November 2019, a total of 507 patients who were detected with both CMV-IgM and CMV-DNA were collected in Peking University International Hospital. Their general information, such as gender, age and clinical data, including the patient's diagnosis, medication, and outcome were also collected. The groups were stratified according to whether CMV-DNA was negative or positive, CMV-IgM was negative or positive, age, gender, and whether they received immunosuppressive therapy or not. The Pearson Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of the rates between the groups. P < 0.05 means the difference is statisti-cally significant.@*RESULTS@#Of the 507 patients submitted for examination, 55 (10.85%) were positive for CMV-DNA, 74 (14.60%) were positive for CMV-IgM, and 20 (3.94%) were positive for both CMV-DNA and CMV-IgM. Of the 55 patients with CMV-DNA positive, 37 were male, accounting for 67.27%. In addition, 25 patients were older than 60 years, accounting for 45.45% and 33 patients received immunosuppressive therapy, accounting for 60%. The rates were higher than that of CMV-DNA negative group, 47.35% (P=0.005), 68.14% (P=0.043), 46.02% (P=0.050), respectively. Of the patients with both CMV-DNA and IgM positive, 45% received immunosuppressive threapy, which was lower than that of CMV-DNA positive but IgM negative patients (68.57%, P=0.086), and also lower than CMV-DNA negative but IgM positive patients (68.52%, P=0.064). In the patients with both CMV-DNA and IgM positive, 91.67% showed remission after receiving ganciclovir, whereas in the patients with CMV-DNA positive but IgM negative, the rate was only 60% (P=0.067).@*CONCLUSION@#CMV-IgM antibody detection is affected by age, gender, and immune status. It is not recommended to use CMV-IgM alone to determine CMV infection in patients with immunosuppressive status and those older than 60 years. CMV-DNA and CMV-IgM combined detection may help to predict patients' immune status and outcomes of antiviral therapy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Antibodies, Viral , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Cytomegalovirus Infections/drug therapy , DNA , Immunoglobulin M , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Nucleic Acids
19.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 151-155, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933672

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and advantages of non-cryopreserved sibling umbilical cord blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for major thalassaemia in children.Methods:From October 2016 to June 2021, 9 patients with major beta thalassaemia received non-cryopreserved hematopoietic stem cell transplantation of sibling umbilical cord blood at Zhongshan Hospital of Xiamen University. The pretreatment scheme, the process of stem cell implantation and follow-up were analyzed and summarized.Results:Among the 9 cases, there were 5 males and 4 females with a median age of 4(2~11)years. Median level of ferritin was 2 997(1 936~5 512)μg/L. At gestational weeks 12~16, each patient's mother underwent villi testing to confirm that the donor without thalassaemia major was complete HLA-matched with the patient. All of them received an intensive conditioning regimen made up of cyclophosphamide(CTX), fludarabine and busulfan(Bu). Graft-versus-host disease(GVHD) was prevented by cyclosporine A(CSA)and mycophenolate mofetil(MMF)with or without methotrexate(MTX). Except for one failed implant, 8 cases were successfully engrafted. Median time of neutrophil implantation was 19.5(15~26)days, median time of platelet implantation 32(22~34)days and median time of erythrocyte implantation 30.5(18~37)days. Up until September 1, 2021, the median follow-up period was 27(3~59)months and the rate of successful engraftment 88.89%. There was no transplant-related mortality. Overall survival was 100% and thalassaemia-free survival 88.89%. Two patients developed grades Ⅱ skin acute GVHD(22.2%). No grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ GVHD or chronic GVHD occurred. Epstein-Barr virus infection occurred in 1 case.No infection of cytomegalovirus occurred.Conclusions:For major thalassaemia in children, stem cell transplantation of non-cryopreserved sibling cord blood is both safe and feasible with a high implantation rate and a low incidence of GVHD.

20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 380-384, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932254

ABSTRACT

Hemostatic materials are essential for the treatment of trauma patients with massive blood loss in battlefields and disaster environments. According to the site and severity of trauma, different types of hemostatic materials need to be used to stop bleeding urgently. At present, first-aid hemostatic materials for bleeding on body surface wounds, extremities and junctions have been well applied. However, in the case of deep bleeding wounds in the thoracic and abdominal cavity and internal organs and even non-compressible hemostasis, there are still no ideal hemostatic materials in early emergency treatment. In this review, the authors elaborate the classification and mechanism of hemostatic materials and their application in trauma first aid, so as to provide references for the use of hemostatic materials in first aid.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL