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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922580

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the intellectual landscape and emerging research trends of Chinese medicine (CM) in the management of pediatric asthma through a scientometric study.@*METHODS@#Publications related to CM in the management of pediatric asthma were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection using relevant keywords. A scientometric study was performed using CiteSpace and VOSviewer.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1,673 original articles and reviews from 1991 to 2019 were included in the analysis. The amount of annual publications had a gradual increase with time. USA was the major contributor both in country and institution analyses. Based on the co-citation, the published journals were grouped into 4 clusters. Keyword analysis indicated that the main hotspots were: (1) comprehensive management; (2) risk factors, mechanism, and prevalence; (3) prevention and treatment; (4) inflammation; and (5) environmental research. Lastly, we predicted that three emerging trends were quality of life promotion, immune response, and combination therapy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CM research in the management of pediatric asthma will maintain the current trend of steady growth. This scientometric analysis may help scientists to identify the areas of interests and future directions in the field.


Subject(s)
Asthma/drug therapy , Bibliometrics , Child , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Publications , Quality of Life
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920646

ABSTRACT

@#Due to oxidative stress, infection, vascular disease, inflammation and neuropathy caused by metabolic disorders induced by hyperglycemia, Diabetes mellitus (DM) patients often suffer from poor wound healing and develop diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), which may even lead to amputation in severe cases.Through the deep understanding of the diabetic wound healing process and its pathophysiology, effective strategies for the treatment of wound injury can be obtained.Nano-preparation has been widely used in accelerating wound healing in recent years.On the one hand, nanoparticles are beneficial for diabetic wound healing; on the other hand, they can be used to deliver one or more therapeutic agents such as growth factors, nucleic acids, antibiotics and antioxidants, which can be continuously released within the target tissue.This paper reviews the application and mechanism of various nano-preparation in promoting diabetic wound healing.

3.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 439-456, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914973

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Gastric cancer (GC) has high morbidity and mortality and is a serious threat to public health. The flavonoid compound vitexin is known to exhibit anti-tumor activity. In this study, we explored the therapeutic potential of vitexin in GC and its underlying mechanism. @*Materials and Methods@#The viability, migration, and invasion of GC cells were determined using MTT, scratch wound healing, and transwell assays, respectively. Target molecule expression was determined by western blotting. Tumor growth and liver metastasis were evaluated in vivo using nude mice. Protein expression in the tumor tissues was examined by immunohistochemistry. @*Results@#Vitexin inhibited GC cell viability, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in a dose-dependent manner. Vitexin treatment led to the inactivation of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) pathway by repressing HMGB1 expression. Vitexin-mediated inhibition in proliferation, migration, invasion and EMT of GC cells were counteracted by hyper-activation of PI3K/AKT/HIF-1α pathway or HMGB1 overexpression. Finally, vitexin inhibited the xenograft tumor growth and liver metastasis in vivo by suppressing HMGB1 expression. @*Conclusions@#Vitexin inhibited the malignant progression of GC in vitro and in vivo by suppressing HMGB1-mediated activation of PI3K/Akt/HIF-1α signaling pathway. Thus, vitexin may serve as a promising therapeutic agent for the treatment of GC.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880623

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the short-, mid-, and long-term outcomes in patients with esophageal cancer between minimally invasive esophagectomy via Sweet approach in combination with cervical mediastinoscopy (MIE-SM) and minimally invasive esophagectomy via McKeown approach (MIE-MC), and to evaluate the value of MIE-SM in the surgical treatment of esophageal cancer.@*METHODS@#A prospective, nonrandomized study was adopted. A total of 65 esophageal cancer patients after MIE-SM and MIE-MC from June 2014 to May 2016 were included. Among them, 33 patients underwent MIE-SM and 32 patients underwent MIE-MC. Short-term outcomes (including the duration of surgery, intraoperative blood loss volume, ICU stay time, postoperative complications, postoperative hospital stay, reoperation, open surgery, number of dissected lymph nodes, and 30-day mortality), mid-term outcomes, [including Quality of Life Core Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) and the esophageal site-specific module (QLQ-OES18)], long-term outcomes [including overall survival and disease-free survival] were compared between the 2 groups.@*RESULTS@#Radical resection (R0) were achieved in all patients. There were no significant differences in the duration of surgery, intraoperative blood loss volume, ICU stay time, postoperative complications, and postoperative hospital stay between the 2 groups (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#MIE-SM appears to be a safe surgical approach, which may get better quality of life, suffer less pain, and can achieve the same therapeutic effect as MIE-MC. Therefore, MIE-SM should be considered as a valuable approach for the treatment of middle and lower esophageal cancer.


Subject(s)
Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagectomy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Mediastinoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 662-667, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912943

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the possibility of screened long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) as a prognostic marker in evaluating glioma.Methods:A total of 694 glioma samples and 5 tumor-adjacent tissues were selected in the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database from the establishment of the database to December 2018. The differential lncRNA, microRNA (miRNA) and mRNA between glioma tissues and 5 tumor-adjacent tissues were screened out, the correlation between the three and the prognosis of glioma patients was analyzed, and a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network was constructed. The biological functions of mRNA were enriched and analyzed based on Gene Ontology (GO) database and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) database. The survival analysis of patients with different expression levels of lncRNA, miRNA or mRNA were performed by using Kaplan-Meier method to obtain lncRNA, miRNA and mRNA related to prognosis. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to analyze the different lncRNAs in the ceRNA network, and an lncRNA prognosis model for predicting the 5-year overall survival rate of patients was constructed. According to the constructed model, the risk value of each sample in 694 samples in TCGA database was calculated. Taking the median risk value as the critical value, patients were divided into high-risk group (≥ median risk value) and low-risk group (< median risk value), and the survival curves of the two groups were drawn. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn for predicting the 5-year overall survival rate of glioma patients in TCGA database according to the risk value of lncRNA prognosis model. The heat map of lncRNA gene expression levels in the prognostic model of patients in high-risk and low-risk groups was drawn with pheatmap R software package.Results:A total of differential 44 lncRNAs, 19 miRNAs and 54 mRNAs between glioma and tumor-adjacent tissues were obtained from TCGA database, and the ceRNA network map was drawn. Kaplan-Meier method showed that among them, 22 differential lncRNAs, 7 miRNAs and 38 mRNAs were related to the overall survival of patients. The univariate Cox regression analysis obtained 28 lncRNAs related to prognosis. After multivariate Cox regression analysis, Akaike information criterion (AIC) was used to seek the optimal prognostic risk model involving 16 lncRNAs, that was, risk value = ARHGAP31-AS1×(-0.357 7)+LY86-AS1×(0.155 1)+WARS2-IT1×(0.206 4)+PART1×(-0.110 0)+AC110491.1×(-0.142 6)+CACNA1C-IT2×(-0.381 3)+HAS2-AS1×(0.128 8)+AC092171.1×(-0.161 3)+CCDC26×(-0.144 2)+HCG15×(0.384 0)+AL359541.1×(-0.289 2)+GRM5-AS1×(0.120 5)+LINC00237×(-0.085 1)+LINC00310×(-0.213 0)+VCAN-AS1×(-0.090 3)+ LINC00303×(0.091 5). The median risk value was 0.758 calculated by the constructed model. The 5-year overall survival rate in the high-risk group was 16.8% (95% CI 11.4%-24.7%) and 75.7% (95% CI 68.5%-83.7%) in the low-risk group. The area under of ROC curve of 5-year overall survival predicted by lncRNA model was 0.893. Through the heat map, it can be found that the expression level of all lncRNAs in the model was different between high-risk and low-risk patients. Conclusions:The prognostic risk model constructed based on the screened lncRNAs can better evaluate the prognosis of glioma patients. These lncRNAs are expected to become new candidate biomarkers related to the prognosis of glioma.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910869

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between different paths of diabetic progression and dyslipidemia in a Nanjing adult population.Methods:From January 2017 to June 2018, 61, 098 local residents aged ≥18 years were selected from the Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance database in Nanjing using a five-stage stratified cluster random sampling method. Data were collected through interview surveys, physical measurements, and laboratory examinations. The relationship between different rates of diabetic progression and dyslipidemia was analyzed using complex weighting and multilevel models.Results:In all, 60, 283 participants were finally enrolled in the study. The weighted proportions of normal glucose regulation, pre-diabetes, and diabetes were 71.2%, 17.9%, and 10.9%, respectively. The overall weighted prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia were 29.8%, 41.6%, 28.9%, and 22.9%, respectively. The weighted proportion of patients with dyslipidemia combined with diabetes was 52.9%. The weighted prevalence of dyslipidemia in adults with normal glucose regulation, pre-diabetes, and diabetes was 24.0%, 38.8%, and 52.9%, respectively (all P<0.001). Compared to the normal glucose regulation group, subjects with pre-diabetes ( OR = 2.04, 95% CI: 1.95-2.13) or diabetes ( OR= 3.87, 95% CI: 3.66-4.10) had possibly gradually increased risks of dyslipidemia (all P<0.001). In addition, there was an increasing trend toward awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia with increasing levels of glucose (all P<0.001). The weighted awareness of dyslipidemia in adults with normal glucose regulation, pre-diabetes, and diabetes was 36.3%, 42.8%, and 56.2%, respectively; the corresponding rates of treatment and control were 23.7%, 29.2%, and 43.7%, and 20.4%, 22.6%, and 30.1%, respectively. Conclusion:Diabetes and dyslipidemia have become the main chronic diseases in the Nanjing population.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910175

ABSTRACT

Objective:To speculate the effect of birth spacing on the pelvic floor type Ⅰ and Ⅱ fiber muscle strength of postpartum women with parities of two in different delivery modes.Methods:Totally 2 361 parturients who were investigated in Xuzhou Central Hospital from June 2016 to December 2020 were included in the questionnaire, clinical examination and pelvic floor surface electromyography assessment. According to the interval years between two parities and the pelvic floor typeⅠ and Ⅱ fiber muscle strength under different modes of delivery, curve fitting function equation was performed using curve regression method. The accuracy of the equation was verified by the receiver operating characteristic curve and the maximum area under the curve, and calculating the relative error rate.Results:A total of 2 357 parturients were included in the study and were divided into 4 groups based on delivery modes, women with both normal vaginal delivery were assigned to group A (589 cases); women with a first vaginal delivery and a second cesarean section were assigned to group B (480 cases); women with both cesarean deliveries were assigned to group C (1 273 cases); women with a first cesarean section and a second vaginal delivery were assigned to group D (15 cases). All of the curve fitting results were quadratic curves, and the appropriate interval years were selected when the muscle strength of type Ⅰ muscle fibers was>35 μV and that of type Ⅱ muscle fibers was>40 μV: 6-8 years in the group A, 5-10 years in the group B, and 1-11 years in the group C. The peak values of the quadratic curve were as follows: 7-8 years in the group A, 7-8 years in the group B, and 6 years in the group C. The maximum area under the curve of the function equations were all>0.6 (all P<0.05), the average relative error rate was 4.909%. Conclusions:The pelvic floor function of postpartum women with parities of two increases firstly and then decreases over time, showing a quadratic curve shape. In order to protect the pelvic floor function, the appropriate interval of birth spacing is 6-8 years.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910122

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the feasibility and efficacy of ultrasound-guided percutaneous biopsy and radiofrequency ablation of gallbladder polyps.Methods:From April 2019 to January 2021, 25 patients with gallbladder polyps underwent ultrasound-guided biopsy and radiofrequency ablation in the ultrasound department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were collected, the maximum diameter of the lesion was 11.00(10.00, 12.50)mm. Under general anesthesia, ultrasound-guided injection of water into the gallbladder serosa layer was performed to make the gallbladder edema thicker than or equal to 10 mm. Percutaneous biopsy and radiofrequency ablation of gallbladder polyps were performed to ablate the gallbladder mucosa layer of polyps and polyp attachment.Intraoperative contrast-enhanced ultrasound was used to evaluate the need for supplementary ablation.The operation time, intraoperative and postoperative conditions were recorded. The complete ablation rate of gallbladder polyps, the reduction rate of lesion volume after ablation, the incidence of complications and the effect of operation on gallbladder wall thickness and gallbladder contraction rate were evaluated.Results:Biopsy and radiofrequency ablation of gallbladder polyps were successfully performed in 25 patients.There were 14 cases of cholesterol polyp, 5 cases of adenoma, 5 cases of inflammatory polyp and 1 case of gallbladder adenomyosis. Twenty-nine gallbladder polyps showed changes after ablation, and the lesion volume was reduced to varying degrees. In the first, third and sixth months, the volume reduction rates of ablation focus were 70.74%(58.55%, 77.56%), 89.47%(85.04%, 96.87%) and 100%(95.68%, 100%) respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in gallbladder wall thickness and gallbladder contraction rate before and 1 month after operation ( P>0.05). The operation time was 14-39(23.32±6.68)min. During the operation, 3 patients(12.0%) had a decrease in heart rate, 2 patients(8.0%) had mild abdominal pain and 1 patient(4.0%) had obvious abdominal pain, which was relieved after treatment. No bleeding, gallbladder perforation, abdominal infection and other complications occurred. All patients were followed up for 1 to 22 months, with a median of 6 (3, 7) months. No patients were lost or follow-up, polyp recurrence, or new polyps, or secondary gallstone. Conclusions:Ultrasound-guided biopsy and radiofrequency ablation of gallbladder polyps is a feasible choice for gallbladder preserving treatment of gallbladder polyps with low complication rate.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 765-768, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909402

ABSTRACT

Sepsis is a critical illness with high morbidity and mortality. Anaerobic glycolysis plays an important role in the pathogenesis of sepsis. Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC) serves as a key regulator during sepsis. With PDHC dephosphorylation and deacetylation, PDHC activity is upregulated, allowing pyruvate translocate to mitochondria in aerobic condition, preceding the production of acetyl-CoA to accelerate aerobic oxidation. Activation of PDHC improves the prognosis of sepsis through regulating the balance of lactate, release of inflammatory factors and energy metabolism. A variety of remedies can improve the prognosis of patients with sepsis by up-regulating the activity of PDHC, including dichloroacetate (DCA), vitamin B1, milrinone, tumor necrosis factor binding protein, and ciprofloxacin.This article reviews the role and the regulatory mechanism of PDHC and signal pathway in the sepsis metabolism, in order to innovate treatment for sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908007

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify clinical characteristics of slit ventricle syndrome (SVS) in children, thus improving pediatricians′ understanding of pediatric SVS.Methods:Clinical data of children diagnosed as SVS in the Emergency Department of Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from June 2015 to May 2019 were collected and retrospectively analyzed.Results:A total of 10 children with SVS were included, including 3 cases of arachnoid cyst, 3 cases of congenital hydrocephalus, 2 cases of Dandy-Walker syndrome, 1 case of idiopathic intracranial hypertension syndrome, and 1 case of hydrocephalus secondary to intracranial hemorrhage as the primary disease.The age of first shunting, and that at diagnosis of SVS were 1.3 (0.3-12.8) years, and 9.9 (3.8-13.3) years, respectively.SVS-associated symptoms appeared in 4.4 (0.5-12.0) years after shunting, including intermittent headache (10/10 cases), vomiting (10/10 cases), irritability (4/10 cases), seizures (5/10 cases), diminution of vision (2/10 cases), and intracranial hypertension (10/10 cases) at varying severities.When SVS occurred, the cerebral ventricle presented slit-like morphology.Three cases were relieved with mannitol treatment and 7 cases were treated with emergency lumbar-peritoneal shunt after mannitol failure.During 1-5 years of follow-up, 9 patients did not have SVS-associated symptoms and 1 case with medical therapy had recurrences.Conclusions:SVS is a rare complication after shunt surgery, with the clinical manifestations of intermittent headache and slow valve refilling conforming; imaging showed that the cerebral ventricle was slit-like morphology.When there are signs of intracranial hypertension after shunting and there is no cerebral ventricle dilatation in imaging, SVS should be highly vigilant.Once SVS is confirmed, surgical intervention should be introduced as early as possible after treatment failure of medication, so as to improve the prognosis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906628

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the characteristics and follow-up results of 94 people with indeterminate Western blot (WB) results of HIV antibody. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted on the characteristics and outcome of 94 patients with indeterminate WB results of HIV antibody from AIDS confirmation laboratories in Jiading District from 2016 to 2019. Results The 94 subjects came mainly from clinical diagnostic tests, accounting for 68.09% of the total, followed by counseling tests and maternal examinations, accounting for 12.77% and 10.64%,respectively. Follow-up testing was performed on 48 patients with indeterminate HIV antibodies, with a follow-up detection rate of 51.06%. Among them, 25.00% turned positive during the follow-up, and 39.58% turned negative. There was no significant difference in the follow-up rate between different population groups and WB band-types. The positive conversion rate of counseling test samples was the highest, accounting for 55.56% of all positive conversion cases. There was a total of 14 WB band types, mainly in p24, gpl60 and p24pl60, accounting for 54.26%, 17.02% and 9.57%, respectively. There was a significant difference in the positive conversion rate of antibodies with different patterns of WB bands. The positive conversion rate of WB band type gp160gp41p24 was 100%, while the positive rate of gp160p24, gp160, and p24 was 66.67%, 37.5% and 11.54%, respectively. Conclusion The samples with indeterminate WB results of HIV antibody were mainly from medical institutions, and the follow-up retest rate was low. Follow-up tests of specific populations and samples with specific patterns of WB bands should be strengthened to confirm HIV infection status as soon as possible.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906309

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the adsorption and desorption properties of different anion exchange resins for total ginsenosides, clarify their adsorption/desorption mechanism, and establish a simple protocol for the purification of total ginsenosides. Method:The adsorption and desorption properties of five different resins (D301, D315, D312, D330, D201) on total ginsenosides were evaluated with specific adsorption capacity, specific desorption capacity, desorption rate and recovery rate as indices. The adsorption kinetics and thermodynamics of the selected resin and D101 macroporous resin were investigated by pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order kinetic models, as well as Langmuir and Freundlich isothermal adsorption models, and the differences of adsorption mechanism between anion exchange resin and conventional macroporous resin were elucidated. The dynamic adsorption and desorption experiments were used to determine the optimum chromatographic parameters for anion exchange resin. After verifying the purification process of total ginsenosides, nine individual ginsenosides were qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Result:D301 anion exchange resin was obviously superior to the other four kinds of anion exchange resin, the optimum parameters were set as follows:pH 8 of loading solution, loading volume of 2 BV, loading speed of 4 BV·h<sup>-1</sup>, eluted with 3 BV of water and 20% ethanol for the impurities, eluted with 8 BV of 80% ethanol with elution speed of 4 BV·h<sup>-1</sup>. After purified by D301 resin, the enrichment coefficients of 9 monomer ginsenosides were simultaneously increased to different degrees, the overall enrichment coefficient was up to 5.3, the recovery rate for the total amount of these ginsenosides was calculated to be 80.9%, and the purity of total ginsenosides in Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma extract increased from 17.07% to 91.19%. Conclusion:D301 anion exchange resin is suitable for rapid and practical purification of total ginsenosides, hence allowing for the enrichment of high-purity total ginsenosides from Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma via one-dimensional column chromatography.

13.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2376-2379, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904951

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of the levels of fat-soluble vitamins (FSVs) with the changes of related indicators in infants with cholestatic liver disease, and to provide a basis for the supplementation of FSVs in infants with cholestatic liver disease. Methods A total of 136 children with cholestatic liver disease who were hospitalized in Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, from January 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled as observation group, and 30 healthy infants who underwent physical examination in our hospital during the same period of time were enrolled as control group. Related data were recorded, including gestational age, age in days, sex, and etiology, and related examinations were performed, including liver function, serum calcium, serum phosphorus, coagulation function, etiology, radiological examination, and gene detection. The serum levels of vitamins A, D, E, and K were also measured. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. Results There were significant differences in the levels of FSVs between the observation group and the control group (vitamin A: Z =-2.850, P = 0.004; vitamin D3: Z =-5.705, P 0.05). Serum total bilirubin was significantly correlated with vitamins A and D3 (vitamin A: r =-0.178, P =0.038; vitamin D3: r =-0.296, P 0.05), while there was a significant change in vitamin K level after treatment ( Z =-5.662, P < 0.001). Conclusion The levels of FSVs in children with cholestatic liver disease are significantly lower than those in healthy infants of the same age in days. An increase in serum total bilirubin can indicate the deficiency of vitamins A and D3; increases in serum direct bilirubin and total bile acid can indicate vitamin D3 deficiency; an increase in serum alkaline phosphatase can indicate the deficiency of vitamins A and D3.

14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2357-2363, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904948

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between thyroxine level and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for 3289 subjects who underwent physical examination in PLA Rocket Force Characteristic Medical Center from July 2015 to April 2019, and according to medical history and thyroid function, they were divided into subclinical hypothyroidism group with 210 subjects and normal thyroid function group with 3079 subjects. According to the results of abdominal color Doppler ultrasound, the normal thyroid function group was divided into NAFLD group with 516 subjects and non-NAFLD group with 2563 subjects; according to body mass index (BMI), the normal thyroid function group was divided into non-obese group (BMI 0.05); after stratification based on age and body type, in the obese-young and middle-aged subgroup, male sex, low free thyroxine, fasting blood glucose, and triglyceride were independent risk factors for NAFLD (odds ratio=4.729, 0.067, 1.814, and 1.717, P =0.003, 0.010, 0.011, and 0.014). The cut-off values of free thyroxine, fasting blood glucose, and triglyceride were 1.123 ng/dL, 5.15 mmol/L, and 1.02 mmol/L, respectively, in predicting NAFLD, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.832 for combined prediction. Conclusion There is a high prevalence rate of NAFLD in the population with subclinical hypothyroidism, and when thyroid function is within the normal range, low free thyroxine is associated with the onset of NAFLD in the young and middle-aged obese people.

15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2376-2379, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904901

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of the levels of fat-soluble vitamins (FSVs) with the changes of related indicators in infants with cholestatic liver disease, and to provide a basis for the supplementation of FSVs in infants with cholestatic liver disease. Methods A total of 136 children with cholestatic liver disease who were hospitalized in Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, from January 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled as observation group, and 30 healthy infants who underwent physical examination in our hospital during the same period of time were enrolled as control group. Related data were recorded, including gestational age, age in days, sex, and etiology, and related examinations were performed, including liver function, serum calcium, serum phosphorus, coagulation function, etiology, radiological examination, and gene detection. The serum levels of vitamins A, D, E, and K were also measured. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. Results There were significant differences in the levels of FSVs between the observation group and the control group (vitamin A: Z =-2.850, P = 0.004; vitamin D3: Z =-5.705, P 0.05). Serum total bilirubin was significantly correlated with vitamins A and D3 (vitamin A: r =-0.178, P =0.038; vitamin D3: r =-0.296, P 0.05), while there was a significant change in vitamin K level after treatment ( Z =-5.662, P < 0.001). Conclusion The levels of FSVs in children with cholestatic liver disease are significantly lower than those in healthy infants of the same age in days. An increase in serum total bilirubin can indicate the deficiency of vitamins A and D3; increases in serum direct bilirubin and total bile acid can indicate vitamin D3 deficiency; an increase in serum alkaline phosphatase can indicate the deficiency of vitamins A and D3.

16.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2357-2363, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904898

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between thyroxine level and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for 3289 subjects who underwent physical examination in PLA Rocket Force Characteristic Medical Center from July 2015 to April 2019, and according to medical history and thyroid function, they were divided into subclinical hypothyroidism group with 210 subjects and normal thyroid function group with 3079 subjects. According to the results of abdominal color Doppler ultrasound, the normal thyroid function group was divided into NAFLD group with 516 subjects and non-NAFLD group with 2563 subjects; according to body mass index (BMI), the normal thyroid function group was divided into non-obese group (BMI 0.05); after stratification based on age and body type, in the obese-young and middle-aged subgroup, male sex, low free thyroxine, fasting blood glucose, and triglyceride were independent risk factors for NAFLD (odds ratio=4.729, 0.067, 1.814, and 1.717, P =0.003, 0.010, 0.011, and 0.014). The cut-off values of free thyroxine, fasting blood glucose, and triglyceride were 1.123 ng/dL, 5.15 mmol/L, and 1.02 mmol/L, respectively, in predicting NAFLD, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.832 for combined prediction. Conclusion There is a high prevalence rate of NAFLD in the population with subclinical hypothyroidism, and when thyroid function is within the normal range, low free thyroxine is associated with the onset of NAFLD in the young and middle-aged obese people.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904336

ABSTRACT

@#To investigate the therapeutic effect of oral vaccine based on glutamate decarboxylase 65 (GAD65) on streptozotocin (STZ) -induced type 1 diabetic (T1D) mice, the mice model of T1D was established by intraperitoneal injection of low dose multiple STZ. CTB-GADIII encapsulated with calcium alginate (Ca-Alg-GADIII) was formulated using crosslinking technology with sodium alginate and calcium chloride, and was administered intragastric to T1D mice once a week for 5 consecutive weeks.Blood glucose and body weight of the mice were recorded weekly, and pharmacodynamics against T1D of Ca-Alg-GADIII were investigated by glucose tolerance assay (OGTT) and pancreatic histopathological analysis. The levels of glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody (GADA), and insulin autoantibody (IAA) and related cytokines (IL-4, IFN-γ, TGF-β1) in serum were detected by ELISA, and the CD4 + T cell subsets were detected by flow cytometry. The immunological mechanism of oral vaccine against T1D was preliminarily discussed. The results showed that the disease-related indicators improved in immunized mice: fasting blood glucose improved, glucose tolerance and insulin secretion increased, pancreatic injury decreased, autoantibodies like GADA and IAA titers significantly decreased, and CD4 + T cell immune balance in mesenteric lymph node (MLN) and pancreatic lymph node (PLN) improved to some extent. The results suggest that oral vaccine Ca-Alg-GADIII has some therapeutic effect on STZ-induced T1D mice.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877103

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the lead pollution status in the workplaces of enterprises in the lead-acid battery industry in Wuhan, to analyze the correlation between lead level in the workplace and blood lead concentration in exposed workers, and to provide some advice on occupational health problems for companies. Methods Lead fume and lead dust in the workplaces were monitored from the workplaces of four lead-acid battery companies in Wuhan, and the blood lead levels of lead exposed workers were tested. Results The exceeding standard rate of lead concentration in the workplace was 34.95%, and the exceeding rate of blood lead was 1.74% among 1 435 workers. As the age of exposure increased, the average blood lead concentration of workers increased, and the difference in blood lead concentration among workers in each enterprise was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion The lead concentration in the workplaces of the lead-acid battery industry in Wuhan seriously exceeded the standard. There were significant differences in blood lead concentrations among lead-exposed workers in different enterprises. Relevant departments and employees should take corresponding measures to reduce the harm.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885693

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficiency of a new scoring system of gastric cancer screening for early gastric cancer in health examination population.Methods:The risk score of gastric cancer was assessed based on the new scoring system in health examination population. A notice for further gastroscopy was sent to the medium-risk and high-risk people. Gastroscopy was performed on those who agreed to undergo the examination.Results:From January to April 2019, a total of 5 357 people in health system visited the Physical Examination Center of Shanghai Songjiang Clinical Medical College of Nanjing Medical University for health examination. Seven hundred and forty people were classified as medium- and high-risk groups by the new screening system, 576 in medium-risk group, and 164 in high-risk group. Among them, 131 cases (17.70%) came for further gastroscopy, of whom 91 (69.47%) were in the medium-risk group and 40 (30.53%) in the high-risk group. After gastroscopy, 4 cases of gastric cancer and 1 case of esophageal cancer were detected, and both were early cancer. In the medium-risk group, 2 cases (2/91, 2.20%) of early gastric cancer and 1 case (1/91, 1.10%) of early esophageal cancer were found. In the high-risk group, 2 cases (2/40, 5.00%)of early gastric cancer were found. The tumor detection rate of high-risk group (5.00%) was higher than that of medium-risk group (3.30%), but there was no significant difference ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Risk stratification with the new scoring system of gastric cancer screening can improve the detection rate of early gastric cancer.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885331

ABSTRACT

Objective:To survey the status of illness and consultation within two weeks among residents in a community in Chengdu.Methods:A multi-stage stratified random sampling was used to carry out a questionnaire survey among the residents in a community in Chengdu during March to April 2019. The disease status, disease severity and consultation within two weeks were surveyed, and influencing factors of two-week illness were analyzed with logistic regression.Results:Among 2 714 participants, 715 had illness (900 times) within two weeks, with a two-week prevalence rate of 26.3%. The main symptoms were dizziness (6.4%, 58/900), cough (6.2%, 56/900), lumbago and leg pain (4.9%, 44/900), palpitations (3.3%, 30/900) and headache (3.1%, 28/900). The three most common diseases were hypertension (38.3%, 345/900), diabetes (19.3%, 174/900) and common cold (6.4%, 58/900). In this survey, the rate of two-week in bed was 20.6‰(56/2 714), and the rate of two-week off work was 4.8‰(13/2 714). Age, gender, education level and work status were the influencing factors of the illness in two weeks ( P<0.05). The choice of medical institution was also different among residents. Conclusion:The survey suggest that primary care should focus on the key groups of residents in the community such as elderly, women, low education level, retirement and unemployed; and it is necessary to strengthen the primary care institutions and two-way referral system of health care.

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