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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879813

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of calorie-enriched formula on postoperative catch-up growth in infants with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#A total of 100 infants with cyanotic CHD who underwent surgical operation from January to December, 2017, were randomly divided into a high-calorie group (receiving calorie-enriched formula after surgery) and a conventional group (receiving standard formula after surgery), with 50 infants in each group. All infants were followed up for 6 months. The observation indices included body height, body weight, prealbumin, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide before surgery, at the time of ventilator weaning and extubation after surgery, and at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Height-for-age Z-score (HAZ), weight-for-age Z-score (WAZ), and weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) were also assessed. Adverse reactions were recorded for both groups.@*RESULTS@#There were 25 cases (50%) and 21 cases (42%) of malnutrition in the high-calorie group and the conventional group respectively before surgery (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with the standard formula, calorie-enriched formula can better help with postoperative catch-up growth in infants with cyanotic CHD.


Subject(s)
Body Weight , Energy Intake , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Humans , Infant , Malnutrition , Nutritional Status , Prospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873741

ABSTRACT

Since 2015 when the transmission of schistosomiasis was controlled in China, the country has been moving towards elimination of schistosomiasis, with the surveillance-response as the main interventions for schistosomiasis control. During the period of the 13th Five-Year Plan, the transmission of schistosomiasis had been interrupted in four provinces of Sichuan, Jiangsu, Yunnan and Hubei and the prevalence of schistosomiasis has been at the historically lowest level in China. As a consequence, the goal set in The 13th Five-Year National Schistosomiasis Control Program in China is almost achieved. However, there are multiple challenges during the stage moving towards elimination of schistosomiasis in China, including the widespread distribution of intermediate host snails and complicated snail habitats, many types of sources of Schistosoma japonicum infections and difficulty in management of bovines and sheep, unmet requirements for the current schistosomiasis control program with the currently available tools, and vulnerable control achievements. During the 14th Five-Year period, it is crucial to consolidate the schistosomiasis control achievements and gradually solve the above difficulties, and critical to provide the basis for achieving the ultimate goal of elimination of schistosomiasis in China. Based on the past experiences from the national schistosomiasis control program and the challenges for schistosomiasis elimination in China, an expert consensus has been reached pertaining to the objectives, control strategy and measures for The 14th Five-Year National Schistosomiasis Control Program in China, so as to provide insights in to the development of The 14th Five-Year National Schistosomiasis Control Program in China.

3.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 259-263, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885209

ABSTRACT

Clinical phenotypes and endophenotypes of atopic dermatitis are diverse, and it is of great significance to identify characteristics of different clinical phenotypes and endophenotypes for auxiliary diagnosis and targeted treatments. This review elaborates clinical phenotypic differences of atopic dermatitis in terms of age of onset, ethnic background, disease severity, etc., and summarizes clinical significance of endophenotypes and related biomarkers.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide scientific evidence for infection prevention and control by analyzing the risk factors of surgical site infection, which can move forward the gateway of infection prevention and control.Methods:The surgery-related information of patients admitted to the Department of General Surgery and Department of Orthopedics, People's Hospital of Guangnan Hospital of Yunnan province from November 2016 to August 2019 was retrospectively analyzed. According to whether postoperative surgical site infection occurred, the patients were divided into an infection group and a non-infection group. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of surgical site infection.Results:A total of 9 346 patients, consisting of 117 patients in the infection group and 9 229 patients in the non-infection group, were included for final analysis. In the infection group, the incidence of surgical site infection was 1.25%. Multivariate analysis showed that hypoproteinemia ( OR = 2.585), unclean incision ( OR = 3.243 and 5.125), and operation duration more than 3 hours ( OR = 2.315), blood transfusion ( OR = 2.239), drainage tube placement ( OR = 2.133) and indwelling catheter placement ( OR = 1.973) were the independent risk factors for surgical site infection, while prophylactic use of antibiotics was a protective factor ( OR = 0.383). Conclusion:Individual factors, operation-related factors, and treatment-related factors are closely related to the occurrence of surgical site infection. Much attention should be paid to the clinical issues like preoperative hypoproteinemia, perioperative prophylactic use of antibiotics and postoperative drainage tube and indwelling catheter placement.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883542

ABSTRACT

Objective:With the development of digital technology, network technology and mobile technology, new media aided-teaching has become a hot topic in medical teaching. However, the studies about the application of new media aided-teaching in training for professional postgraduates of neurosurgery are still less studied.Methods:In this study, 24 Batch 2015-2016 professional postgraduates of neurosurgery from Neurosurgery Department of Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University were divided into the test group and control group, with 12 students in each group. From September 2016 to August 2018, students in the test group were taught with conventional teaching and various new media such as WeChat official accounts, professional video sharing websites and so on. The control group adopted conventional teaching methods. Students' theoretical knowledge, operation ability and clinical research ability were assessed between the two groups. SPSS 22.0 software was used for t test and descriptive statistics on the data.Results:The results of t test analysis showed that the scores of theoretical knowledge and general ability in test group were higher than those in control group, with significant differences ( P < 0.05). Meanwhile, the scores of teaching satisfaction, professional interest, teaching participation, knowledge mastery and scientific research ability in the test group were higher than those in the control group, with significant differences ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Conventional teaching combined with new media aided-teaching is a good new training model for professional postgraduates of neurosurgery, which has improved students' participation and motivation of study and contributed to the training of medical students' comprehensive abilities.

6.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 120-128, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881008

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Depression in Parkinson's disease (dPD) is closely related to quality of life. Current studies have suggested that Pingchan Granule (PCG) might be effective for treating dPD.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study determines the efficacy of PCG for depressive symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD).@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS@#This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, conducted in Longhua Hospital, Shanghai, China. Patients diagnosed with idiopathic PD and clinically significant depressive symptoms (defined by a 24-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression [HAM-D] score ≥ 8) were included in this study, randomly assigned to PCG or placebo group in a 1:1 ratio and followed for 24 weeks.@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#The primary outcome was the change from baseline to week 24 in HAM-D score among the set of patients who completed the study following the treatment protocol (per-protocol set). Secondary outcomes included changes in scores on the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) part 2 (UPDRS-II), UPDRS part 3 (UPDRS-III), Parkinson's Disease Sleep Scale (PDSS) and Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A), between baseline and week 24.@*RESULTS@#Eighty-six patients were enrolled, and 85 patients were included in the per-protocol set. HAM-D scores decreased by an adjusted mean of 11.77 (standard error [SE] 0.25) in the PCG group and 3.86 (SE 0.25) in the placebo group (between-group difference = 7.91, 95% confidence interval [7.22, 8.80], P < 0.001), in the multivariable linear regression. Improvements in scores on the UPDRS-II, UPDRS-III, PDSS, and HAM-A scales were also observed.@*CONCLUSION@#Treatment with PCG was well tolerated and improved depressive symptoms and motor and other non-motor symptoms in PD.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trial Register: ChiCTR-INR-17011949.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880512

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Chinese herbal external umbilicus treatment with Modified Dinggui Powder (, MDGP) in patients with chronic nonbacterial prostatitis (CNP).@*METHODS@#A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted among 72 patients with CNP. Participants were randomly allocated to a treatment group and a placebo group using computer software in a 1:1 ratio, and received either MDGP external umbilicus treatment (MDGP group, 36 cases) or placebo control groupl (36 cases) at acupoints Shenque (CV 8), twice a week for 4 weeks. In addtion, patients all received herbal medicine treatment twice a day for 4 weeks. The primary outcomes was the US National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Scores Index (NIH-CPSI) with a questionnaire at weeks 2 and 4. The secondary outcomes including prostatic fluid examination (white blood cells and lecithin bodies), the clinical efficacy evaluation, and the adverse events were also assessed during the entire trial.@*RESULTS@#The NIH-CPSI scores regarding pain or discomfort scores showed greater improvement in the MDGP group than placebo control group at weeks 2 (P0.001) and week 4 (P0.004), respectively. NIH-CPSI scores of symptom severity, total scores, the amount of leukocytes number in the prostatic fifluid in the MDGP group were significantly improved (P0.05). The clinical effective rate was 73.53% (25/34) in the MDGP group, which was significally higher than the placebo control group with 48.39% (25/31, P<0.05). Patients were blinded successfully, and no serious adverse effects were found during the trial.@*CONCLUSION@#A 4-week course of umbilicus treatment with modified Dinggui Powder seems to relieve pain and symptom severity effectively and increase the amount of leukocytes number in patients with CNP (Trial registration No. ChiCTR1800014687).

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880170

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the dynamic molecular expression characteristics of single cell RNA binding proteins (RBPs) in the development of mouse embryonic hematopoitic stem cells (HSCs), and obtain the functional research target RNA splicing factor--Mbnl1, to clarify the function of Mbnl1 involved in regulating mouse embryonic HSC development.@*METHODS@#Bioinformatics was used to analyze the single-cell transcriptome data of mouse embryos during HSC development, and the single-cell RBP dynamic molecular expression maps in HSC development was obtained. Mbnl1 was obtained by combining differential analysis and literature research screening. The Mbnl1-knockout mouse model was constructed by the CRISPER/Cas9 technology. Aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) and yolk sac (YS) tissue in two genotype embryos of Mbnl1@*RESULTS@#The in vitro CFU-C experiment of hematopoietic cells preliminarily indicated that there was no significant difference in the number of cell colonies in AGM region and YS transformed by the two genotypes of Mbnl1@*CONCLUSION@#Through functional experiments in vivo and in vitro, it has been confirmed that knockout of the RNA splicing factor--Mbnl1 does not affect the development of HSPC in AGM region of mouse embryo.


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA-Binding Proteins , Gonads , Hematopoiesis , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Mesonephros , Mice , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Yolk Sac
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879405

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effecty of Wiltse approach combined with contralateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and traditional TLIF in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation and its affect on injury of multifidus muscle.@*METHODS@#From June 2014 to September 2017, 90 patients with lumbar disc herniation combined with lumbar spine instability were divided into two groups (Wiltse approach group and traditional group) depend on the procedure of operation. Wiltse approach group was treated with Wiltse approach screw placement in one side combined with contralateral TLIF. There were 50 patients in Wiltse approach group, including 36 males and 14 females, aged 45 to 72 yearswith an average of (60.4± 3.1) years. The traditional group was treated with traditional TLIF operation. There were 40 patients in the traditional group, including 25 males and 15 females, aged 45 to 74 years with an average of (62.1±3.4) years. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, accuracy of screw implantation, postoperative drainage volume and drainage tube removal time were recorded in two groups. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)were observed before and 12 months after operation. All patients underwent CT examination preoperative and 12 months postoperative, and the CT values of bilateral multifidus muscle were measured.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, 40 patients in traditional group were 12 to 18 months with an average of (15.3±4.3) months; and 50 patients in Wiltse approach group were 13 to 24 months with an average of (16.5± 4.1) months. There were no statistically significant differences in operative time and intraoperative blood loss between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with traditional surgical procedures, the Wiltse approach nail placement combined with contralateral TLIF has the advantage of accurate nail placement, reducing multifidus muscle damage, and reducing the incidence of postoperative intractable low back pain.


Subject(s)
Aged , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879148

ABSTRACT

Biochar is a kind of solid material with high aromatization and rich in carbon, which is formed by pyrolysis of biomass at high temperature(250-700 ℃) under anoxic or hypoxic conditions. It has the characteristics of large specific surface area and rich pores. In recent years, as a good soil conditioner, biochar has gradually improved its advantages in improving soil rhizosphere micro ecological environment, promoting plant growth and development, and enhancing plant resistance, etc. It has been proved that biochar can affect the growth and development of plants by improving soil physical and chemical properties, adjusting microbial community structure, participating in the metabolic process in plants, and inducing plants to enhance resistance. This paper summarized the research progress of biochar application in agriculture and introduced the ecological effects and mechanism of biochar on plant seed germination, seedling growth, crop yield and stress resistance. Combined with the characteristics of Chinese materia medica, this paper expounds the application potential of biochar in improving the content of secondary metabolites of Chinese materia medica and alleviating continuous cropping obstacles of Chinese materia medica, etc. In the future, it is necessary to strengthen the research of biochar in the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, allelopathy and heavy metal stress of medicinal plants, so as to provide reference for the application of biochar in the cultivation of Chinese materia medica.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Charcoal , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Materia Medica
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 277-284, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781577

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#High levels of plasma homocysteine occur almost uniformly in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common form of primary glomerulonephritis and a common cause of ESRD in young adults. Here, we aimed to detect whether homocysteine was elevated and associated with clinical-pathologic manifestations of IgAN patients and tested its causal effects using a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) approach.@*METHODS@#For observational analysis, 108 IgAN patients, 30 lupus nephritis (LN) patients, 50 minimal change disease (MCD) patients, and 206 healthy controls were recruited from April 2014 to April 2015. Their plasma homocysteine was measured and clinical-pathologic manifestations were collected from medical records. For MR analysis, we further included 1686 IgAN patients. The missense variant methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T (rs1801133) was selected as an instrument, which was genotyped by TaqMan allele discrimination assays.@*RESULTS@#Majority of IgAN patients (93.52%, 101/108) showed elevated levels of plasma homocysteine (>10 μmol/L). Plasma homocysteine in IgAN patients was significantly higher than that in MCD patients (median: 18.32 vs. 11.15 μmol/L, Z = -5.29, P < 0.01) and in healthy controls (median: 18.32 vs. 10.00 μmol/L, Z = -8.76, P < 0.01), but comparable with those in LN patients (median: 18.32 L vs. 14.50 μmol/L, Z = -1.32, P = 0.19). Significant differences were observed in sub-groups of IgAN patients according to quartiles of plasma homocysteine for male ratio (22.22% vs. 51.85% vs. 70.37% vs. 70.37%, χ = 14.29, P < 0.01), serum creatinine (median: 77.00 vs. 100.00 vs. 129.00 vs. 150.00 μmol/L, χ = 34.06, P < 0.01), estimated glomerular filtration rate (median: 100.52 vs. 74.23 vs. 52.68 vs. 42.67 mL·min·1.73 m, χ = 21.75, P < 0.01), systolic blood pressure (median: 120.00 vs. 120.00 vs. 125.00 vs. 130.00 mmHg, χ = 2.97, P = 0.05), diastolic blood pressure (median 80.00 vs. 75.00 vs. 80.00 vs. 81.00 mmHg, χ = 11.47, P < 0.01), and pathologic tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis (T) (T0/T1/T2: 62.96%/33.33%/3.70% vs. 29.63%/40.74%/29.63% vs. 24.00%/48.00%/28.00% vs. 14.81%/37.04%/48.15%, χ = 17.66, P < 0.01). The coefficient of each rs1801133-T allele on homocysteine levels after controlling age and sex was 7.12 (P < 0.01). MR estimates showed causal positive effects of homocysteine on serum creatine (β = 0.76, P = 0.02), systolic blood pressure (β = 0.26, P = 0.02), diastolic blood pressure (β = 0.20, P = 0.01), and pathologic T lesion (β = 0.01, P = 0.01) in IgAN.@*CONCLUSIONS@#By observational and MR analyses, consistent results were observed for associations of plasma homocysteine with serum creatinine, blood pressures, and pathologic T lesion in IgAN patients.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 269-276, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781574

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#China's two-child policy has led to a trend of aging in pregnancy which was associated with adverse outcomes. This study aimed to identify the clinically cutoff maternal age for adverse obstetric outcomes in China.@*METHODS@#This secondary analysis of a multicenter retrospective cohort study included data of childbearing women from 39 hospitals collected in urban China during 2011 to 2012. Logistic regression was used to assess the adjusted odds ratios (aOR) of adverse outcomes in different age groups in comparison to women aged 20 to 24 years. The adjustments included the location of the hospital, educational level, and residence status. Clinically cutoff age was defined as the age above which the aOR continuously become both statistically (P  2) significant.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 108,059 women were recruited. In primiparae, clinically cutoff maternal ages for gestational diabetes (aOR: 2.136, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.856-2.458, P < 0.001), placenta previa (aOR: 2.400, 95% CI: 1.863-3.090, P < 0.001), cesarean section (aOR: 2.511, 95% CI: 2.341-2.694, P < 0.001), hypertensive disorder (aOR: 2.122, 95% CI: 1.753-2.569, P < 0.001), post-partum hemorrhage (aOR: 2.129, 95% CI: 1.334-3.397, P < 0.001), and low birth weight (aOR: 2.174, 95% CI: 1.615-2.927, P < 0.001) were 27, 31, 33, 37, 41, and 41 years, respectively. In multiparae, clinically cutoff ages for gestational diabetes (aOR: 2.977, 95%CI: 1.808-4.904, P < 0.001), hypertensive disorder (aOR: 2.555, 95% CI: 1.836-3.554, P < 0.001), cesarean section (aOR: 2.224, 95% CI: 1.952-2.534, P < 0.001), post-partum hemorrhage (aOR: 2.140, 95% CI: 1.472-3.110, P < 0.001), placenta previa (aOR: 2.272, 95% CI: 1.375-3.756, P < 0.001), macrosomia (aOR: 2.215, 95% CI: 1.552-3.161, P < 0.001), and neonatal asphyxia (aOR: 2.132, 95% CI: 1.461-3.110, P < 0.001) were 29, 31, 33, 35, 35, 41, and 41 years, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early cutoff ages for gestational diabetes and cesarean section highlight a reasonable childbearing age in urban China. The various optimized cutoff ages for different adverse pregnancy outcomes should be carefully considered in childbearing women.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823989

ABSTRACT

To examine the feasibility of using a computer tool for stratifying the severity of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) based on computed tomography (CT) images. We retrospectively examined 44 confirmed COVID-19 cases. All cases were evaluated separately by radiologists (visually) and through an in-house computer software. The degree of lesions was visually scored by the radiologist, as follows, for each of the 5 lung lobes:0, no lesion present;1,<1/3 involvement;2,>1/3 and<2/3 involvement;and 3,>2/3 involvement. Lesion density was assessed based on the proportion of ground-glass opacity (GGO), consolidation and fibrosis of the lesions. The parameters obtained using the computer tool included lung volume (mL), lesion volume (mL), lesion percentage (%), and mean lesion density (HU) of the whole lung, right lung, left lung, and each lobe. The scores obtained by the radiologists and quantitative results generated by the computer software were tested for correlation. A Chi-square test was used to test the consistency of radiologist- and computer-derived lesion percentage in the right/left lung, upper/lower lobe, and each of the 5 lobes. The results showed a strong to moderate correlation between lesion percentage scores obtained by radiologists and the computer software (r ranged from 0.7679 to 0.8373, P < 0.05), and a moderate correlation between the proportion of GGO and mean lesion density (r=-0.5894, P<0.05), and proportion of consolidation and mean lesion density (r=0.6282, P<0.05). Computer-aided quantification showed a statistical significant higher lesion percentage for lower lobes than that assessed by the radiologists (x2 = 8.160, P = 0.004). Our experiments demonstrated that the computer tool could reliably and accurately assess the severity and distribution of pneumonia on CT scans.

14.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 689-695, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822585

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveMild hypothermia was an effective way of cerebral resuscitation after cardiac arrest. The expression of cold-induced RNA binding protein (CIRP) was significantly enhanced when the temperature was lowered. This study was to evaluate the effects and the mechanisms of CIRP inhibition on hippocampal neurological and mitochondria function after mild hypothermia in a rat model of cardiac arrest.MethodsFive male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with AAV9 in the hippocampus, 1 μL on each side, speeding 0.2 μL/min. The expression of GFP was observed by fluorescence microscopy after 2w. Sixty rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (n= 12 for each group): sham operation group, model group, mild hypothermia group, mild hypothermia + CIRP inhibition group and mild hypothermia + normal control group. Injection of AAV9 was performed on mild hypothermia + CIRP inhibition group, same amount of empty vector on mild hypothermia + normal control group, while normal saline on the other groups. Animal models of global cerebral IR were established by transesophageal cardiac pacing inducing cardiac arrest followed by cardiopulmonary resuscitation at 2w after injection. Cooling to 32-34℃ was initiated and the temperature was maintained for 6h on mild hypothermia groups. NDS score, HE staining and pyramidal cell counting on hippocampal CA1 area were performed at 72h after reperfusion. At 24h after reperfusion, mitochondrial structure of pyramidal cells in hippocampal CA1 was observed under electronic microscope and the expressions of CIRP, dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) and cytochrome C (Cyt-C) were detected by Western blot.ResultsThe NDS score of model group was decreased, the number of pyramidal cells was reduced, and the mitochondria were severely damaged. The NDS score of mild hypothermia group was increased, and the number of pyramidal cells was increased (all P<0.05), and mitochondrial damage was reduced compared with model group. In mild hypothermia + CIRP inhibition group, the NDS score was no significant difference compared with mild hypothermia + normal control group and model group, and the number of pyramidal cells was lower than that in mild hypothermia + normal control group [(27.2±4.9) vs (50.2±4.4), P<0.05], similar to model group (25.2±3.8), the damage of mitochondria was severe. After 2 weeks of AAV9 injection, GFP was widely expressed in the hippocampus. The expression of CIRP in mild hypothermia + CIRP inhibition group was respectively small compared with sham operation group [(0.14±0.03) vs (0.03±0.01),P<0.05], which was successfully inhibited by injection of AAV9. The expression of CIRP in model group (0.25±0.05) was significantly higher than that in sham operation group. The expression of CIRP in mild hypothermia group (0.37±0.08) and mild hypothermia + normal control group (0.39±0.04) were higher than that in model group (all P<0.05). The trends of Drp1 and Cyt-C expression were the same, in model group was higher than that in sham operation group, in mild hypothermia group was lower than that in model group, in mild hypothermia + CIRP inhibition group was higher than in mild hypothermia + normal control group (all P<0.05); There were no significant differences between model group and mild hypothermia + CIRP inhibition group, and between mild hypothermia group and mild hypothermia + normal control group.ConclusionInhibition of CIRP expression in hippocampus can weaken the protective effects of mild hypothermia on neurons in a rat model of cardiac arrest. The mechanism of those effects might be association with mitochondrial division.

15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 31-47, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788854

ABSTRACT

For sexual reproduction, oocytes are mammalian female germ cells that provide the majority of maternal genetic material for early stage embryo production and development. Early stage embryos begin the process of multicellular organism formation through cell differentiation. Studies on mammalian female germ cells (oocytes) not only reveal its unique physiological characteristics, but also help understand the mechanism involved in cell differentiation of other cell types. However, because it is difficult to culture in vitro, our understanding of the function of oocytes and early stage embryos remains very limited. Gene editing or manipulation is one of the most commonly used method, which is also useful in the field of gametes study. In this review, we summarized the principles, advantages and disadvantages of techniques, which include conditional knockout, RNA interference, Morpholino, Trim-Away and antibody-mediated inhibition of protein function, currently used for gene manipulation in oocytes and early stage embryos. We also discuss the issues the investigators need to consider. Finally, we highlight the future directions for gene manipulation or editing in female germ cells and early stage embryos.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876210

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes and characteristics of body mass index (BMI) of low birth weight infants during catch-up growth within 24 months of life. Methods Using the birth cohort method, 126 low birth weight children (birth weight less than 2 500 g) among the registered and permanent born in Jiading District from January 2016 to December 2016, were enrolled in the study voluntarily.According to the calculation of birth weight and gestational week, 73 children were included in the preterm appropriate for gestational age group and 53 in the full-term small for gestational age group.105 children with gestational age of 37-41 weeks and birth weight of 2 500-3 999 g were included as the control group.The differences of BMI mean and standard deviation were compared between 0-24 months old in three groups, and the changes of BMI curve analyzed between 0-24 months old in boys and girls. Results ① There were 231 infants investigated, who were composed by 111 boys and 120 girls; ② The BMI of the two groups of low birth weight infants at birth and at 2 months old were lower than those of the control group.There was no significant difference between the BMI of preterm appropriate for gestational age group and the control group since the age of 4 months.The BMI of the term small for gestational age group was less than the other two groups between 4 and 18 months of age, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05);③ The BMI index of the three groups showed a rapid rise after birth.It peaked at 4-6 months of age, and the BMI value of 7-9 months of age began to fall.Preterm appropriate for gestational age group infants caught up with the BMI of normal-weight infants at 6 months of age.Until the age of 24 months, the BMI of small for gestational age group was still different from normal weight infants, but the difference between the three groups decreased.The rising curves of BMI between boys and girls were similar, but the peak of preterm appropriate for gestational age group girls was lengthened. Conclusion There is a significant catch-up growth for low birth weight infants aged 0-24 months, having a similar trend of normal infants in the late stage.It is necessary to deliver proper breeding education and intervention to the low birth weight infants in their early stages.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873012

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Yupingfeng San (YPFS) on the expressions of GATA binding protein 3 (GATA3) and forkhead transcription factor3 (Foxp3) in ovalbumin (OVA)-induced lung tissue of allergic rhinitis (AR) mice, and explore the mechanism of YPFS on AR. Method:The allergic rhinitismice model was established by intraperitoneally injecting with OVA and Al (OH)3, and challenged with OVA intranasally. The mice were divided into four groups: normal,model,chloretadine(3 mg·kg-1) and YPFS(6.5 g·kg-1) group, the corresponding drugs were orally administrated for three weeks. At the end of administration,the infiltration of inflammatory cells, such as mast cells, eosinophils and neutrophils in nasal mucosa, were observed by htoxylin eosin (HE) staining. The serum concentrations of OVA-specific IgE and cytokines [interleukin-4(IL-4), IL-5 and γ-interferon (INF-γ)] were determined by enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA). The expressions of GATA3 and Foxp3 proteins in nasal mucosa tissue were detected by Western blot. Result:The AR mice had such symptoms as scratching, sneezing and running nose. Nasal mucosa section by HE staining showed significant desquamation of AR mouse nasal mucosa cilia, obvious tissue stromal edema, telangiectasia, and a large number of eosinophilic cells, lymphocytes, plasma cells infiltration. YPFS obviously improved nasal symptoms of allergic rhinitis mice. Nasal mucosa epithelial structure was complete and arranged evenly, with no obvious tissue clearance edema and vasodilation, and inflammatory cell infiltration was significantly reduced. Compared with normal group, the levels of OVA specific IgE, IL-4 and IL-5 in peripheral blood of AR model group were significantly higher(P<0.01), and the INF-γ level was significantly lower (P<0.01). Compared with AR model group, the administration of chloretadine and YPFS can significantly reduce the level of OVA specific IgE and IL-4, IL-5, and increase the level of INF-γ in AR mice peripheral blood (P<0.05, P<0.01). Western blot results showed that compared with normal group, GATA3 protein expression was significantly increased, while Foxp3 protein expression was significantly decreased in AR model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with AR model group, YPFS inhibited GATA3, and promoted Foxp3 protein expression (P<0.01). Conclusion:YPFS has an effect in alleviating OVA-induced allergic rhinitis.YPFS may modulate the immune response by regulating the balance of Th2/Treg cells.

18.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 133-136, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872458

ABSTRACT

bcl-2 inhibitor of transcription 1 (Bit1) is an anoikis effector that can play a role of caspase-independent apoptosis by down-regulating bcl-2 expression. Previous studies have found that Bit1 affects cell survival and apoptosis through Erk and FAK-PI3K-Akt-NF-κB pathways. It is worth noting that the expression of Bit1 has shown the obvious tumor specificity in different tumors, and it is closely related to TNM stage, differentiation and prognosis of the tumor. This review summarizes the expression, main mechanism, and significance of Bit1 in different tumors.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870167

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the clinical experts consensuses or guidelines of ankylosing spondylitis (AS)/spondyloarthritis (SpA) have been constantly updated, but to better understand and practice, patient self-participation management is one of the key points to improve the level of diagnosis and treatment. Through questionnaire survey of these patients, we screened out the most concerned issues, and established the AS/SpA patient practice guideline working group with multidisciplinary physicians and patients. Fifteen opinions, as the AS/SpA patient practice guidelines, are proposed in accordance with the relevant principles of the "WHO guidelines development manual" , and with the international normative process.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 603-608, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869715

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical experience of transurethral columnar balloon dilation of prostate (TUCBDP) in the treatment of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia(BPH).Methods:A retrospective analysis of 379 BPH clinical data from the Hubei Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine using TUCBDP was performed between June 2015 and June 2018.Their age was (71.3±14.5)years old. The history of disease ranged from 1 month to 36 years. The prostate volume was(47.4±2.1) ml. Preoperative maximum urinary flow rate was (Q max)(9±4) ml/s, postvoid residual urine(PVR) was (123.1±72.4) ml. Their international prostate symptom score (IPSS) was (21±6) points. The quality of life score (QOL)was (5±1) points. The international index erectile function questionnaire (IIEF-5)in 32 patients, who had sex before surgery, was 15±4. We set the time of catheter structure improvement in June 2016 as the boundary, including the early stage (June 2015 to May 2016, 121 cases) and the recent stage (June 2016 to June 2018, 258 patients). In the early stage, the principle of operation is the inner balloon of the catheter to dilate the membrane urethra, and the outer balloon to dilate the urethra of the prostate and the bladder neck. The main surgical steps include the insertion of a dilatation catheter, localization by touching the skin of the scrotum bottom, the inner and outer balloon are filled with water, the first time of drainage and decompression in the inner and outer balloon, the catheter continuous irrigation, drainage and decompression of the inner and outer balloon again, removing the dilatation catheter, and the ordinary urinary catheter was replaced and continuous irrigation. In the recent stage, the principle of surgery is that the inner balloon only served for positioning and fixation. The outer balloon is used to dilate the membrane urethra, prostate urethra, and bladder neck. The inner and outer balloon are drained and decompressed at one time after surgery. The main surgical steps are that the resectoscope was used to examine the bladder and urethra and to guide the dilatation catheter into the bladder. The apex of the prostate touching was used to conform the location. The inner balloon water filling was used for fix the positioning. The inner and outer balloon are filled with water, decompressed and pulled out for urination test, the gland expansion is observed under the resectoscope, and ordinary urinary catheter is replaced for continuous flushing. We observed the changes in Q max, PVR, IPSS, and QOL at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after the operation. the complications differences in two-stage patien, including the International Incontinence Advisory Committee Urinary Incontinence Questionnaire (ICI-Q-SF) score; those who had sex before surgery were recorded changes in the IIEF-5 score, was compared. Results:There were no deaths during and after operation in this study. The operation time was (18.5±6.7) min. The number of follow-up cases at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after operation were 326, 253, 201, 194, and 181, respectively. The Q max at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after operation were (17±9)ml/s, (15±2)ml/s, (12±4)ml/s, (13±6)ml/s and (13±4)ml/s, respectively. The PVR were (17.4± 11.6) ml, (20.6±9.8)ml, (25.4±13.1)ml, (31.5±11.5)ml, and (29.1±12.4)ml, respectively. The IPSS were(7±5) points, (4±4) points, (4±4) points, (6±5) points, (4±4) points, respectively. The QOL were (2±1) points, (2±1) points, (2±1) points, (2±1) points, and (2±1), respectively. All those results that were significantly different from those before surgery ( P<0.05). There were 32 patients who had sex before the operation. The postoperative IIEF-5 score was (17± 6), which was not significantly different from that before the operation ( P>0.05). Two patients had transient retrograde ejaculation, which relieved spontaneously within the 6 month. 4 cases with pseudourinary incontinence in the recent stage (1.5%) were not statistically different from 6 cases (4.9%) in the early stage ( P>0.05). one case(0.4%) of major bleeding in the recent stage was statistically different from 6 cases (4.9%) in the early stage ( P<0.05). 2 cases (0.7%) of patients with acute urinary retention in the recent stage were significantly different from 15 cases (12.4%) in the early stage ( P<0.05). Conclusions:TUCBDP has a positive overall effect and high safety. The major complications of surgery in the recent stage, except for pseudo-urinary incontinence, are significantly lower than that in the early stage, which may be related to the improvement of the catheter structure and the accumulation of clinical experience.

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