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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013599

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate whether alisol A (AA) could improve the blood brain barrier (BBB) mediated cortex cerebral ischemia-repeifusion injury (CIRI) by inhibiting matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9). Methods The global cerebral ischemia- reperfusion (GCI/R) model in mice was established, and the AA was intragastric injected subsequently for seven days. The modified neurological severity scores (mNSS), open field test and Y-maze test were applied to detect neurological function. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) was used to detect relevant neu- rosubstance metabolism in cortex of mice. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) was employed to observe the ultrastructure of BBB in cortex. Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the MMP-9 level in cortex. The binding possibility of A A and MMP-9 was determined by molecular docking. Results Compared with Sham group, mice in GCI/R group have an increased mNSS score but decreased at total distance and center distance to total distance ratio in open field test as well as alternation rate in Y-maze test (P<0.01). While mice in GCI/R + AA group have a decreased mNSS score but increased at total distance and center distance to total distance ratio in open field test as well as alternation rate in Y-maze test (P<0.01) compared with GCI/R group. MRS results found that in cortex of GCI/R group mice, the level of GABA and NAA significantly decreased while the Cho, mI and Tau level increased (P<0.01). Whereas in GCI/R + AA group mice, the GABA and NAA level increased and the Cho, ml and Tau decreased significantly (P<0.01). By TEM we observed that the basilemma of cerebral microvessels collapsed, the lumen narrowed, the endothelial cells were active and plasma membranes ruffled, gaps between cells were enlarged and tight junctions were damaged and the end feet of astrocytes were swollen in GCI/R group mice. While in GCI/R + AA group mice, the lumen was filled, plasma membranes of endothelial cells were smooth, tight junctions were complete and end feet of astrocytes were in normal condition. Western blot and immunohistochemistry both found that the MMP-9 level increased in GCI/R group mice (P < 0.01) and decreased in GCI/R + AA group mice (P < 0.05). Molecular docking proved the binding between aliso A and MMP9 through TYR-50 and ARG-106, and the binding energy was calculated as -6.24 kcal · mol

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013562

ABSTRACT

The goal of achieving elimination of schistosomiasis across all endemic counties in China by 2030 was proposed in the Outline of the Healthy China 2030 Plan. On June 16, 2023, the Action Plan to Accelerate the Elimination of Schistosomiasis in China (2023—2030) was jointly issued by National Disease Control and Prevention Administration and other 10 ministries, which deployed the targets and key tasks of the national schistosomiasis elimination programme in China. This article describes the progress of the national schistosomiasis control programme, analyzes the opportunities to eliminate schistosomiasis, and proposes targeted recommendations to tackle the challenges of schistosomiasis elimination, so as to accelerate the process towards schistosomiasis elimination and facilitate the building of a healthy China.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 63-68, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005215

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of ivabradine in the treatment of chronic heart failure (CHF) in the context of “Quadruple Therapy” from the perspective of the health system. METHODS Based on real-world cohort data, the Markov model was constructed according to the natural progression of CHF, with a cycle time of 3 months, a study timeframe of 20 years, and a discount rate of 5%. Using quality-adjusted life year (QALY) and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) as the output indexes, the cost-utility analysis was used to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of ivabradine in combination with the “Quadruple Therapy” regimen, compared with the “Quadruple Therapy” regimen for the treatment of CHF, and the robustness of the results of the base analysis was verified by univariate sensitivity analysis and probabilistic sensitivity analysis. RESULTS The results of the base analysis showed that the ICER of ivabradine combined with the “Quadruple Therapy” regimen was 165 065.54 yuan/QALY, compared with the “Quadruple Therapy” regimen, which was lower than the willingness-to-pay (WTP) threshold (257 094 yuan/QALY) based on 3 times of China’s gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in 2022. The results of the univariate sensitivity analysis showed that the discount rate had the greatest impact on the robustness of the model. The probabilistic sensitivity analysis showed that the probability that the ivabradine combined with the “Quadruple Therapy” regimen was cost-effective under the WTP threshold in this study was 59.50%. CONCLUSIONS When using 3 times China’s 2022 GDP per capita (257 094 yuan/ QALY) as the WTP threshold, the combination of ivabradine and the “Quadruple Therapy” regimen for treating CHF is cost- effective.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1130-1133, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985438

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate abnormal spinal curvature among primary and secondary school students in Sichuan Province, so as to provide evidence for scientific prevention.@*Methods@#Using a stratified cluster random sampling method, a total of 210 713 students of grade 4 to grade 12 from 21 cities (prefectures) in Sichuan Province were selected for spinal curvature screening and questionnaire survey from September to November 2022. Chi-square test and multivariate Logistic regression model were used to analyze the influencing factors of abnormal spinal curvature.@*Results@#The detection rate of abnormal spinal curvature was 3.42%, with urban areas (4.54%) higher than that in suburban areas(2.57%), girls (3.86%) higher than that in boys(2.98%), high school students (4.70%) higher than that in middle school students (3.80%) and elementary school students(2.21%), the differences were statistically significant ( χ 2=606.96, 123.81, 645.24, P <0.01). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that urban area, junior and senior high school, girl, carrying backpack on one shoulder, desks and chairs adjusted for student height less than ≤1 time every school year, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity less than 1 h per week, and indoors sedentary time more than 10 h/d were positively associated with abnormal spinal curvature ( OR=1.72, 1.75, 1.87, 1.26, 1.09, 1.07, 1.10, 1.25 , P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The detection rate of abnormal spinal curvature of primary and secondary school students may be affected by the urbanicity, educational stage as well as gender in Sichuan Province. More attention should be paid to urban high school girls, and targeted strategies should be explored to reduce the incidence of abnormal spinal curvature.

5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 490-496, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984680

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the safety and efficacy of excimer laser coronary angioplasty (ELCA) for the treatment of degenerated great saphenous vein graft (SVG). Methods: This is a single-center, prospective, single-arm study. Patients, who were admitted to the Geriatric Cardiovascular Center of Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2022 to June 2022, were consecutively enrolled. Inclusion criteria were recurrent chest pain after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), and coronary angiography confirmed that the SVG stenosis was more than 70% but not completely occluded, and interventional treatment for SVG lesions was planned. Before balloon dilation and stent placement, ELCA was used to pretreat the lesions. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination was performed and postoperative index of microcirculation resistance (IMR) were assessed after stent implantation. The technique success rate and operation success rate were calculated. The technique success was defined as the successful passage of the ELCA system through the lesion. Operation success was defined as the successful placement of a stent at the lesion. The primary evaluation index of the study was IMR immediately after PCI. Secondary evaluation indexes included thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade, corrected TIMI frame count (cTFC), minimal stent area and stent expansion measured by OCT after PCI, and procedural complications (Ⅳa myocardial infarction, no reflow, perforation). Results: A total of 19 patients aged (66.0±5.6) years were enrolled, including 18 males (94.7%). The age of SVG was 8 (6, 11) years. The length of the lesions was greater than 20 mm, and they were all SVG body lesions. The median stenosis degree was 95% (80%, 99%), and the length of the implanted stent was (41.7±16.3)mm. The operation time was 119 (101, 166) minutes, and the cumulative dose was 2 089 (1 378, 3 011)mGy. The diameter of the laser catheter was 1.4 mm, the maximum energy was 60 mJ, and the maximum frequency was 40 Hz. The technique success and the operation success rate were both 100% (19/19). The IMR after stent implantation was 29.22±5.95. The TIMI flow grade of patients after ELCA and stent implantation was significantly improved (all P>0.05), and the TIMI flow grade of all patients after stent implantation was Grade Ⅲ. The cTFC decreased significantly after ELCA (33.2±7.8) and after stent placement (22.8±7.1) than preoperative level (49.7±13.0) (both P<0.001). The minimum stent area was (5.53±1.36)mm2, and the stent expansion rate was (90.0±4.3)%. Perforation, no reflow, type Ⅳa myocardial infarction and other complications were not observed. However, postoperative high-sensitivity troponin level was significantly increased ((67.937±33.839)ng/L vs. (5.316±3.105)ng/L, P<0.001). Conclusion: ELCA is safe and effective in the treatment of SVG lesions and could improve microcirculation and ensure full expansion of stent.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Aged , Prospective Studies , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Lasers, Excimer/therapeutic use , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Constriction, Pathologic , Atherectomy, Coronary/methods , Myocardial Infarction , Coronary Angiography , Stents , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 351-356, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009499

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#As common clinical screening tests cannot effectively predict a difficult airway, and unanticipated difficult laryngoscopy remains a challenge for physicians. We herein used ultrasound to develop some point-of-care predictors for difficult laryngoscopy.@*METHODS@#This prospective observational study included 502 patients who underwent laryngoscopy and a detailed sonographic assessment. Patients under 18 years old, or with maxillofacial deformities or fractures, limited mouth opening, limited neck movement or history of neck surgery were excluded from the study. Laryngoscopic views of all patients were scored and grouping using the modified Cormack-Lehane (CL) scoring system. The measurements acquired comprised tongue width, the longitudinal cross-sectional area of the tongue, tongue volume, the mandible-hyoid bone distance, the hyoid bone-glottis distance, the mandible-hyoid bone-glottis angle, the skin-thyrohyoid membrane distance, the glottis-superior edge of the thyroid cartilage distance (DGTC), the skin-hyoid bone distance, and the epiglottis midway-skin distance. ANOVA and Chi-square were used to compare differences between groups. Logistic regression was used to identify risk factors for difficult laryngoscopy and it was visualized by receiver operating characteristic curves and nomogram. R version 3.6.3 and SPSS version 26.0 were used for statistical analyses.@*RESULTS@#Difficult laryngoscopy was indicated in 49 patients (CL grade Ⅲ - Ⅳ) and easy laryngoscopy in 453 patients (CL grade Ⅰ - Ⅱ). The ultrasound-measured mandible-hyoid bone-glottis angle and DGTC significantly differed between the 2 groups (p < 0.001). Difficult laryngoscopy was predicted by an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.930 with a threshold mandible-hyoid bone-glottis angle of 125.5° and by an AUC of 0.722 with a threshold DGTC of 1.22 cm. The longitudinal cross-sectional area of the tongue, tongue width, tongue volume, the mandible-hyoid distance, and the hyoid-glottis distance did not significantly differ between the groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Difficult laryngoscopy may be anticipated in patients in whom the mandible-hyoid bone-glottis angle is smaller than 125.5° or DGTC is larger than 1.22 cm.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Laryngoscopy , Prospective Studies , Tongue/diagnostic imaging , Respiratory System , Ultrasonography
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009203

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of arthroscopy-assisted rotator cuff tendon transfer in treating irreparable rotator cuff tears (IRCT).@*METHODS@#From May 2015 to May 2018, 23 patients with unrepairable rotator cuff tears were treated with arthroscopy-assisted rotator cuff tendon transfer, and 21 patients were followed up finally, including 8 males and 13 females, aged from 48 to 82 years old with an average of(64.3±9.1) years old;the courses of disease ranged from 6 to 36 months with an average of (14.0±6.4) months. American Rotator and Elbow Surgeons Score(ASES) and Constant-Murley score were used to evaluate clinical efficacy before surgery and at the latest follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All 21 patients were followed up for 36 to 54 months with an average of (39.4±4.4) months. Axillary incision of 1 patient was redness, swelling and exudation after surgery, which healed after 3 weeks of dressing change, and exudate culture was negative. At the latest follow-up, MRI showed partial tearing of the metastatic tendon in 2 patients, but pain and movement of the affected shoulder were still better than before surgery. ASES increased from preoperative (41.0±9.6) scores to the latest follow-up (75.6±14.0) scores, and had statistical difference (t=10.50, P<0.01). Constant-Murley score increased from (49.8±7.1) scores before operation to (67.5±11.6) scores at the latest follow-up (t=11.27, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic assisted latissimus dorsalis tendon transposition restores physiological and anatomical structure of glenohumeral joint by reconstructing balance of horizontal and vertical couples of shoulder joint, thus achieving the stability of the shoulder joint, relieving shoulder pain and improving shoulder joint function.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Superficial Back Muscles , Rotator Cuff , Treatment Outcome , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Tendon Transfer , Arthroscopy , Range of Motion, Articular/physiology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008819

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of various Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of inflammatory response in chronic glomerulonephritis(CGN) based on network Meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trial(RCT) of oral Chinese patent medicines for improving inflammatory response in patients with CGN was retrieved from databases such as CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, and Web of Science from database inception to March 2023. All investigators independently screened the literature, extracted data, and evaluated the quality. Stata 16.0 and RevMan 5.4.1 software were used to analyze the data of the literature that met the quality standards. Finally, 71 RCTs were included, involving 7 Chinese patent medicines. The total sample size was 6 880 cases, including 3 441 cases in the test group and 3 439 cases in the control group. The network Meta-analysis showed that(1) in terms of reducing TNF-α, the top 3 optimal interventions according to the surface under the cumulative ranking curve(SUCRA) were Shenyanshu Capsules/Granules/Tablets+conventional western medicine, Huangkui Capsules+conventional western medicine, and Bailing Capsules+conventional western medicine.(2) In terms of reducing hs-CRP, the top 3 optimal interventions according to SUCRA were Yishen Huashi Granules+conventional western medicine, Huangkui Capsules+conventional wes-tern medicine, and Bailing Capsules+conventional western medicine.(3) In terms of reducing IL-6, the top 3 optimal interventions according to SUCRA were Yishen Huashi Granules+conventional western medicine, Bailing Capsules+conventional western medicine, and Shenyan Kangfu Tablets+conventional western medicine.(4) In terms of reducing 24hUTP, the top 3 optimal interventions according to SUCRA were Shenyan Kangfu Tablets+conventional western medicine, Bailing Capsules+conventional western medicine, and Huangkui Capsules+conventional western medicine.(5) In terms of reducing Scr, the top 3 optimal interventions according to SUCRA were Bailing Capsules+conventional western medicine, Shenyanshu Capsules/Granules/Tablets+conventional western medicine, and Yishen Huashi Granules+conventional western medicine.(6) In terms of reducing BUN, the top 3 optimal interventions according to SUCRA were Yishen Huashi Granules+conventional western medicine, Shenyanshu Capsules/Granules/Tablets+conventional western medicine, and Bailing Capsules+conventional western medicine.(7) In terms of improving the clinical total effective rate, the top 3 optimal interventions according to SUCRA were Huangkui Capsules+conventional western medicine, Kunxian Capsules+conventional western medicine, and Yishen Huashi Granules+conventional western medicine. The results showed that the combination of conventional western medicine and Chinese patent medicine could reduce the expression of serum inflammatory factors TNF-α, hs-CRP, and IL-6 and inhibit the inflammatory response. The combination of conventional western medicine and Chinese patent medicine was superior to conventional western medicine alone in reducing Scr, BUN, and 24hUTP, and improving the clinical total effective rate of treatment. Due to the limitation of the quantity and quality of literature included, the above conclusions need to be validated by more high-quality studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , C-Reactive Protein , Interleukin-6 , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Glomerulonephritis/drug therapy
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008653

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the effect and mechanism of total triterpenes of Euphorbium in treating rheumatoid arthritis(RA). The rat model of RA was established with Freund's complete adjuvant(FCA). Male rats were randomly assigned into control, model, Tripterygium glycosides(7.5 mg·kg~(-1)), and low-, medium-, and high-dose total triterpenes of Euphorbium(32, 64, and 128 mg·kg~(-1), respectively) groups, with 10 rats in each group. In other groups except the control group, 0.2 mL FCA was injected into the right hind toe. Rats in the intervention groups were administrated with corresponding drugs by gavage, and the control group and the model group with the same volume of 0.5% CMC-Na solution once a day. During the treatment period, the swelling degree of the hind paw was measured and the arthritis was scored until day 30. At the end of drug administration, the pathological changes of the joint tissue were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. The content of malondialdehyde(MDA), glutathione(GSH), and Fe~(2+) and the activity of superoxide dismutase(SOD) in the joint tissue were measured by biochemical colorimetry. RT-PCR was performed to determine the mRNA levels of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2), glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4), and acyl-CoA synthetase long chain family member 4(ACSL4) in the joint tissue. Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of Nrf2, Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1(Keap1), heme oxygenase-1(HO-1), NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1(NQO1), SOD2, GPX4, and ACSL4 in the joint tissue. The results showed that the treatment with Tripterygium glycosides(7.5 mg·kg~(-1)) and total triterpenes of Euphorbium(32, 64, and 128 mg·kg~(-1)) alleviated the swelling degree of bilateral hind limbs, decreased the arthritis score, reduced joint tissue lesions and the content of MDA and Fe~(2+) in the joint tissue, and increased GSH content and SOD activity. Furthermore, the interventions up-regulated the protein and mRNA levels of Nrf2 and GPX4, down-regulated the protein and mRNA levels of ACSL4, and up-regulated the protein levels of Keap1, NQO1, HO-1, and SOD2 in the Nrf2/HO-1/GPX4. In summary, the total triterpenes of Euphorbium can treat RA by inhibiting lipid peroxidation and abnormal ferroptosis, which may involve the Nrf2/HO-1/GPX4 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1/metabolism , Triterpenes/pharmacology , Oxidative Stress , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Glutathione , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Glycosides/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008605

ABSTRACT

To explore the resource components and availability of different parts of Panax quinquefolium in Shandong province, the paper employed the non-targeted metabolomics technology based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) to analyze the metabolites and their metabolic pathways in the root, fibril, stem, and leaf of P. quinquefolium. The content of seven ginsenosides and polysaccharides in different parts was determined by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) and ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry(UV-Vis). The results showed that the metabolites were mainly sugars, glycosides, organic acids, amino acids and their derivatives, terpenoids, etc. The total abundance of metabolites followed the trend of leaf > root > fibril > stem. Most of the differential metabolites were concentrated in phenylpropane biosynthesis, flavonoid biosynthesis, citric acid cycle, and amino acid biosynthesis. The leaf contained high levels of sugars, glycosides, amino acids and their derivatives, and flavonoids; the root was rich in terpenoids, volatile oils, vitamins, and lignin; the fibril contained rich organic acids; and the stem had high content of nucleotides and their derivatives. The content of ginsenosides Re and Rb_1 was significantly higher in the root; the content of ginsenosides Rg_1, Rg_2, Rd, F_(11), and polysaccharide was significantly higher in the leaf; and the content of ginsenoside Rb_2 was significantly higher in the stem. We analyzed the resource components and availability of different parts of P. quinquefolium, aiming to provide basic information for the comprehensive development and utilization of P. quinquefolium resources in Shandong province.


Subject(s)
Ginsenosides/analysis , Plant Roots/chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Panax/chemistry , Chromatography, Liquid , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Sugars
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973698

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate ecological isolation between Oncomelania hupensis snail populations in hilly regions and marshland and lake regions in Yuanjiang valley, Changde City, Hunan Province, and to unravel its underlying mechanisms. Methods Taoyuan County, Shimen County, Linli County and Lixian County in Changde City were selected as snail sampling sites in hilly regions, and Lixian County, Jinshi City, West Lake Administration District, Hanshou County and Dingcheng District were selected as snail sampling sites in marshland and lake areas. Cytochrome C oxidase 1 (cox 1) gene was amplified in snail samples and sequenced. The genetic sequences of O. hupensis snails were aligned using the software MEGA 11, and the haplotypes of O. hupensis snails were determined using the software DNASP 5.10.01. The phylogenetic tree was generated using Bayesian inference with the software MrBayes 3.2, and analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) was performed to analyze the source of genetic divergence and estimate the genetic divergence index (FST) among snail populations with the software Arlequin 3.5.2.2. The genetic barrier among 11 O. hupensis snail populations was estimated using the Monmonier algorithm of adegenet toolkit in R package. The settings with “land in winter and water in summer” in the Yuanjian River section were divided into two categories according to the upstream and downstream, and the areas with “land in winter and water in summer” in the upstream and downstream were transformed into raster data, and then loaded into the software Fragstats 4 for analysis of landscape indicators. The trends in changes of digital elevation were extracted from the Yuanjiang River section based on the digital elevation model, and made three-dimensional visualization using the R package. Results The mitochondrial cox 1 gene were amplified in 165 O. hupensis snais from 11 sampling sites and sequenced, and a total of 152 valid gene sequences were obtained, with 46 haplotypes or 9 populations determined. No haplotype was shared in snails between Taoyuan County and Dingcheng District and Hanshou County along the downstream of the Yuanjiang River. The total area of settings with “land in winter and water in summer” was 617.66 hm2 in the upsteram of the Yuanjiang River, which consisted of 473 patches, with each patch measuring 1.31 hm2, the largest area index of 0.735 2, the landscape division index of 0.999 9, and the landscape shape index of 45.293 7. The total area of settings with “land in winter and water in summer” was 9 956.92 hm2 in the downstream of the Yuanjiang River, which consisted of 771 patches, with each patch measuring 12.91 hm2, the largest area index of 97.839 9, the landscape division index of 0.042 7, and the landscape shape index of 7.249 6. The area of settings with “land in winter and water in summer” was much larger in the downstream than that in the upstream of the Yuanjiang River, and the stronger landscape connectivity and non-remarkable alteration of riverbed elevation provided suitable habitats for snail breeding. Conclusion The hydrological and environmental characteristics of the upstream of the Yuanjiang River restrain the breeding and spread of O. hupensis, resulting in ecological isolation between Oncomelania hupensis in Taoyuan County and those in the downstream of Yuanjiang River.

12.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 205-209, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965461

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To investigate trends in the disease burden of tumors among children aged 0 to 14 years in China in 1990 and 2019, so as to provide insights into management of pediatric tumors in China.@* Methods@#The Global Burden of Disease 2019 data were retrieved from the Global Health Data Exchange, and the mortality and disability adjusted life years (DALYs) of pediatric tumors were evaluated among children at ages of 0 to 14 years in China in 1990 and 2019, and the disease burdens due to pediatric tumors in China were compared with the regions with different social population index (SDI). @*Results@#The mortality of tumors decreased from 13.10/105 in 1990 to 4.96/105 in 2019 (a 62.17% reduction) among children aged 0 to 14 years in China, and the DALY rate decreased from 1 118.93/105 to 424.77/105 (a 62.04% reduction). The mortality and DALY rate of tumors decreased from 13.48/105 to 5.38/105, and from 1 147.09/105 to 458.65/105 among male children, and from 12.69/105 to 4.46/105, and from 1 088.22/105 to 384.94/105 among female children. The disease burden of pediatric tumors was concentrated among children at ages of 0 to 4 years. The three highest disease burdens of pediatric tumors were measured in leukemia, brain and nerve system tumors, and lymphoma in 2019. Compared with the regions with different SDI, the largest reductions were seen in the mortality and DALY rate of tumors among children at ages of 0 to 14 years in China, which were still higher than in middle, high-middle and high SDI regions. @*Conclusions@#The disease burden of tumors declined among children at ages of 0 to 14 years in China in 2019, compared with 1990; however, it is still higher than in middle and higher SDI regions. The disease burden of pediatric tumors was high among children at ages of 0 to 4 years and among male children, with leukemia, brain and nerve system tumors and lymphoma as predominant types.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980777

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment on cardiac function, sympathetic nerve activity, indexes of myocardial injury and GABAA receptor in fastigial nucleus in rats with myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI), and to explore the neuroregulatory mechanism of EA pretreatment in improving MIRI.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 male SD rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, an EA group, an agonist group and an agonist+EA group, 12 rats in each group. The MIRI model was established by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. EA was applied at bilateral "Shenmen" (HT 7) and "Tongli" (HT 5) in the EA group and the agonist+EA group, with continuous wave, in frequency of 2 Hz and intensity of 1 mA, 30 min each time, once a day for 7 consecutive days. After intervention, the MIRI model was established. In the agonist group, the muscone (agonist of GABAA receptor, 1 g/L) was injected in fastigial nucleus for 7 consecutive days before modeling, 150 μL each time, once a day. In the agonist+EA group, the muscone was injected in fastigial nucleus 30 min before EA intervention. The data of electrocardiogram was collected by PowerLab standard Ⅱ lead, and ST segment displacement and heart rate variability (HRV) were analyzed; the serum levels of norepinephrine (NE), creatine kinase isoenzyme MB (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) were detected by ELISA; the myocardial infarction area was measured by TTC staining; the morphology of myocardial tissue was observed by HE staining; the positive expression and mRNA expression of GABAA receptor in fastigial nucleus were detected by immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham operation group, in the model group, ST segment displacement and ratio of low frequency to high frequency (LF/HF) of HRV were increased (P<0.01), HRV frequency domain analysis showed enhanced sympathetic nerve excitability, the serum levels of NE, CK-MB and cTnI were increased (P<0.01), the percentage of myocardial infarction area was increased (P<0.01), myocardial fiber was broken and interstitial edema was serious, the positive expression and mRNA expression of GABAA receptor in fastigial nucleus were increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the EA group, ST segment displacement and LF/HF ratio were decreased (P<0.01), HRV frequency domain analysis showed reduced sympathetic nerve excitability, the serum levels of NE, CK-MB and cTnI were decreased (P<0.01), the percentage of myocardial infarction area was decreased (P<0.01), myocardial fiber breakage and interstitial edema were lightened, the positive expression and mRNA expression of GABAA receptor in fastigial nucleus were decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the EA group, in the agonist group and the agonist+EA group, ST segment displacement and LF/HF ratio were increased (P<0.01), HRV frequency domain analysis showed enhanced sympathetic nerve excitability, the serum levels of NE, CK-MB and cTnI were increased (P<0.01), the percentage of myocardial infarction area was increased (P<0.01), myocardial fiber breakage and interstitial edema were aggravated, the positive expression and mRNA expression of GABAA receptor in fastigial nucleus were increased (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#EA pretreatment can improve the myocardial injury in MIRI rats, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of GABAA receptor expression in fastigial nucleus, thereby down-regulating the excitability of sympathetic nerve.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Cerebellar Nuclei , Electroacupuncture , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/therapy , Receptors, GABA-A/genetics , RNA, Messenger
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2402-2414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999140

ABSTRACT

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a very common chronic liver disease in clinic, which can further develop into liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, eventually hepatocellular carcinoma and liver failure. Limonin is a natural triterpenoid compound containing furan rings. Previous studies have found that limonin has good anti-inflammatory, analgesic and liver protective functions. However, the mechanism of action of limonin on NAFLD has not been clarified. Based on the background, C57BL/6J male mice were fed with high fat diet (HFD) to establish NAFLD model (the experiment was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Hefei University of Technology, the approval number is HFUT20220429001), and limonin was added to the mice for administration by intragastric administration (i.g.). The results showed that HFD can induce typical NAFLD phenotypes, including impaired liver function, increased fat accumulation, and increased serum aspartate amino transferase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels in mice. Mice were treated with limonin (50 and 100 mg·kg-1) for 10 weeks, and it was found that limonin could restore dyslipidemia and improve fat accumulation in liver cells of mice. In addition, we conducted in vitro experiments with human hepatoma cell line HepG2 cells, and found that limonin can promote the expression of oxidative metabolism and autophagy related genes and inhibit apoptosis in HepG2 cells. Mechanistically, limonin improves high-fat food-induced NAFLD by promoting the expression of oxidative metabolism genes transcriptional coactivator of peroxisome proliferator activating receptor γ (PPARγ) (PGC1α) and carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1 alpha (CPT1α) through peroxisome proliferator activates receptor alpha (PPARα). These results indicate that limonin can inhibit apoptosis, promote autophagy and improve NAFLD by promoting oxidative metabolism of fatty acids through PPARα.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996923

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect midazolam combination with propofol on postoperative recovery in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods A total of 162 patients who were admitted to the hospital for laparoscopic cholecystectomy from April 2019 to January 2021 were selected. According to different anesthesia methods, they were divided into control group (midazolam anesthesia) and observation group (midazolam combined with propofol anesthesia), with 81 cases in each group. The stress index levels before and after operation, MoCA scores before operation (T0), 24 h after operation (T1) and 48 h after operation (T2), sleep quality at T0, the first day after operation (T3) and the second day after operation (T4), the perioperative recovery were compared between the two groups. Results The levels of Cor and NE, the recovery time of eyes opening, extubation, orientation, and the incidence of adverse reactions in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Observation group MMSE score when T1, T2, T3, T4 sleep quality score were higher than control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Midazolam combined with propofol was safe and had good postoperative recovery in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1835-1839, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996894

ABSTRACT

Age-related macular degeneration(ARMD)is one of the leading causes of irreversible visual impairment worldwide, and the number of patients is increasing with the aging of the population, with dry ARMD accounting for about 90% of cases. Effective treatments for dry ARMD are currently lacking, making it a prominent area of research. Pharmacotherapy, targeting pathogenic factors such as oxidative damage, inflammation, and vascular issues contributing to ARMD, is one of the main treatments and some drugs have been shown to slow the progression of ARMD. This article reviews drug treatments for dry ARMD, including antioxidant drugs, complement biological agents, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and immunosuppressants, vasodilators, neurotrophic drugs, as well as traditional Chinese medicine. It summarizes their mechanisms and recent clinical research to contribute valuable insights for the treatment of dry ARMD and the development of novel therapeutic agents.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1793-1797, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996886

ABSTRACT

AIM:To evaluate the changes in corneal biomechanics of patients with moderate refractive error after receiving small-incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)and femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis(FS-LASIK)using the corneal visualization Scheimpflug technology(Corvis ST).METHODS:Prospective cohort study. A total of 65 moderate myopia patients(65 eyes)who were scheduled to undergo refractive surgery at the Ophthalmic Refractive Surgery Center of the Ningxia Eye Hospital from November 2020 to November 2021 were included in the study, and there were 30 eyes in the SMILE group and 35 eyes in the FS-LASIK group. The changes in corneal biomechanical parameters, including integrated radius(IR), inverse concave radius(ICR), deformation amplitude ratio 2mm(DAR2), stiffness parameter at first applanation(SP-A1), ambrosio relational thickness(ARTh)and the central curvature radius at highest concavity(HC-Radius)were observed by Corvis ST between both groups preoperatively and 1 and 3mo postoperatively.RESULTS: There were no statistical significance in biomechanical parameters between two groups of patients 1 and 3mo postoperatively(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). IR, ICR and DAR2 of each groups of patients 1 and 3mo postoperatively were significantly increased than those preoperatively, and SP-A1, ARTh and HC-Radius were significantly decreased than those preoperatively(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The biomechanical parameters at 1mo and 3mo postoperatively showed no statistical significance(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). In addition, a positive correlation was found between central corneal thickness(CCT)and ARTh and SP-A1 of the two groups of patients at 3mo postoperatively(FS-LASIK group: r=0.727, 0.819, SMLIE group: r=0.683, 0.434, all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05), while a negative correlation was found between CCT and IR and ICR at 3mo postoperatively.(FS-LASIK group: r=-0.697, -0.622, SMLIE group: r=-0.447, -0.491, all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION:For patients with moderate myopia, both SMILE and FS-LASIK can reduce corneal biomechanical stability. Both surgeries showed no significant differences in the effect on biomechanical, and the biomechanical has been stabilized at 1mo postoperatively. A correlation was found between postoperative CCT and ARTh, SP-A1, IR and ICR.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994316

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between carotid atherosclerosis(CAS)and subclinical left ventricular(LV)dysfunction in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with preserved LV ejection fraction(LVEF).Methods:A total of 120 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who had LVEF≥50% were selected in the Department of Endocrinology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University from June 2021 to October 2021. The global longitudinal strain(GLS)was obtained by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography(STE)to assess subclinical LV systolic function. The mitral ratio of peak early to late diastolic filling velocity(E/A), and mitral velocity to early diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus(E/E′)ratio were obtained by pulsed tissue Doppler echocardiography to assess LV diastolic function. Acrroding to bilateral carotid ultrasound examination, the subjects were divided into normal carotid arteries group( n=46) and CAS group( n=74). Demographics and biochemical parameters were compared between two groups. Binary logistic regression and Pearson correlation analysis were used to evaluate the relationship between CAS and subclinical LV dysfunction. Results:The CAS group had a higher proportion of men, older age, and a longer duration of diabetes than the normal carotid arteries group(all P<0.05). There was no difference in LVEF and GLS between the two groups [normal carotid arteries group vs CAS group, LVEF: (60.72±4.73)% vs(60.07±4.28)%; GLS: (18.24±3.72)% vs(17.81±3.47)%, respectively; both P>0.05]. However, compared with normal carotid arteries group, E/A ratio was decreased and E/E′ ratio was significantly increased in CAS group(both P<0.01). Pearson correlation analysis showed that GLS was not correlated with carotid plaque thickness and carotid intima-media thickness(CIMT; both P>0.05). By contrast, E/E′ ratio was positively correlated with carotid plaque thickness and CIMT(both P<0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that GLS and E/E′ ratio were not associated with CAS( both P>0.05). However, decreased E/A ratio was significantly associated with the existence of CAS( OR=0.09, 95% CI 0.01-0.67, P=0.018). Conclusions:In type 2 diabetes mellitus patients without overt heart failure and with preserved LVEF, the occurrence of CAS is not associated with subclinical LV systolic impairment assessed by GLS, but is significantly associated with LV diastolic dysfunction, and is independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992100

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop and examine the reliability and validity of the adolescent health literacy evaluation scale under public health emergencies (AHLES-PHE) in junior middle school students.Methods:The initial version of AHLES-PHE was formed by combining the characteristics of public health emergencies and adolescent health literacy.The expert version of AHLES-PHE was formed by two rounds of Delphi expert consultation.Totally 1 729 adolescent students from three junior middle schools in Changzhou City were tested.The formal version of AHLES-PHE was formed through item analysis and factor analysis (structural validity). The content validity of the formal version of AHLES-PHE was evaluated by specialist analysis and sensibility analysis, and its correlation validity with the everyday health information literacy (EHIL) was tested.The internal consistency reliability, parity split-half coefficient and test-retest reliability were calculated.Results:(1)Item analysis: the correlation coefficient between the scores of each item and the total score of AHLES-PHE expert version was 0.420 to 0.722 ( P<0.01), and the CR of decision value was 10.140 to 66.980 ( P<0.01). (2)Validity analysis: the formal version of AHLES-PHE with 45 items and 8 factors was obtained by exploratory factor analysis.The 8 factors could explain 61.30% of the total variation.The fitting indexes of the confirmatory factor analysis model were χ2/ df=3.325, RMSEA=0.052, GFI=0.853, CFI=0.912, TLI=0.904, NFI=0.880.Sensibility analysis of the formal version of AHLES-PHE showed the Cronbach's α ranged from 0.957 to 0.958.The correlation coefficient between the total score of AHLES-PHE formal version and the total score of EHIL was 0.340 ( P<0.01). (3)Reliability analysis: the Cronbach's α coefficient and parity split-half coefficient of the formal version of AHLES-PHE were 0.958 and 0.975, respectively.The test-retest reliability of the formal version of AHLES-PHE was 0.753 ( P<0.01). Conclusion:The formal version of AHLES-PHE developed in this study has good reliability, structural validity and content validity, and the correlation validity with EHIL is common.This scale has a certain degree of applicability to the assessment of health literacy for junior middle school students under public health emergencies.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992079

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of over-expression of E2F transcription factor 1 (E2F1) on proliferation, invasion, apoptosis and radiosensitivity of glioma cell U251.Methods:Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) were used to detect the differential expression of E2F1 mRNA in glioma cells LN18, SW1088, U251 and normal brain glial cells. The stable over-expression of E2F1 plasmid was constructed and transfected into U251 cells. qRT-PCR and Western blot test were used to detect the expression of E2F1, pituitary tumor transforming gene 1(PTTG1), C-Myc, B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl2-associated X (Bax) mRNA and protein expression in the control group and E2F1 over-expression group.U251 cells were divided into control group(no X-ray irradiation), irradiation group(6 Gy dose of X-ray), and irradiation + E2F1 over-expression group(transfected with E2F1 first, then irradiated by 6 Gy of X-ray). Cell proliferation ability was detected by cell counting Kit-8(CCK-8) cell viability detection reagent, and cell invasion and migration ability were detected by Transwell chamber. Apoptosis and cell cycle were detected by flow cytometry.GraphPad Prism 8.0 was used for data analysis.The statistical methods were one-way ANOVA and independent sample t-test. Results:qRT-PCR showed that there was statistical difference in the mRNA levels of E2F1( F=201.92, P<0.05) in different cell lines.The expression levels of E2F1 mRNA in LN18(4.04±0.29), SW1088(3.19±0.16)and U251(4.66±0.20) cells were higher than those in HEB(1.02±0.07)cells ( q=27.00, 19.40, 32.52, all P<0.05). After successfully constructing U251 cells with stable over-expression of E2F1 plasmid, qRT-PCR and Western blot detection results showed that: the mRNA and protein levels of E2F1, PTTG1, C-Myc and Bcl-2 in E2F1 over-expression group were higher than those in control group ( t=77.16, 57.88, 4.63, 51.13, 7.50, 70.85, 8.38, 48.81, all P<0.05). Bax mRNA(0.20±0.01) and protein(0.66±0.01) levels were lower than those in control group((1.00±0.02), (0.94±0.01)), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=1.74, 54.65, both P<0.05). After X-ray irradiation (6 Gy), CCK8 detection results showed: the proliferation ability of the three groups at 24, 48, 72 and 96 h were significantly different ( F=95.41, 187.53, 1 158.49, 7 883.78, all P<0.05). The proliferation capacity of the irradiation group were lower than those of the control group at 24, 48, 72 and 96 h ( q=19.51, 27.20, 66.60, 174.9, all P<0.05). The proliferation capacity of irradiation + E2F1 over-expression group at 24, 48, 72 and 96 h were higher than those of irradiation group ( q=10.63, 10.81, 21.11, 60.90, all P<0.05). Transwell assay results showed that there were significant differences in cell invasion and migration ability among the three groups ( F=315.38, 681.10, both P<0.05). The invasion and migration ability of cells in the irradiation group were lower than those in the control group ( q=35.09, 12.76, both P<0.05), and the invasion and migration ability of cells in the irradiation + E2F1 over-expression group were higher than those in the irradiation group ( q=52.06, 22.81, both P<0.05). Flow cytometry showed that there were significant differences in apoptosis rate and percentage of cells in each cycle among the three groups ( F=667.63, 3 213.30, 3 011.26, 861.98, all P<0.05). The percentage of the apoptosis rate, S phase and G2 phase cells in the irradiation group were higher than those in the control group ( q=51.10, 89.39, 51.82, all P<0.05), while the percentage of G1 phase cells in the irradiation group was lower than that in the control group ( q=141.2, P<0.05). The apoptosis rate and percentage of S phase and G2 phase cells in the irradiation + E2F1 over-expression group were lower than those in the irradiation group ( q=18.87, 41.42, 29.31, all P<0.05), while the number of G1 phase cells in the irradiation + E2F1 over-expression group was lower than that in the irradiation group ( q=70.73, P<0.05). Conclusion:Over-expression of E2F1 can reduce the radiosensitivity of glioma U251 cells by regulating the expression of mRNA and protein of genes related to cell cycle and apoptosis, and E2F1 may be involved in the radioresistance of glioma cells.

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