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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003778

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the material basis of homologous and heterogeneous effect of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus(AFI) and Aurantii Fructus(AF) based on the total statistical moment analysis and molecular connectivity index(MCI). MethodRelevant literature at home and abroad and Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) were consulted to establish the chemical composition database of AFI and AF, and set up their fingerprints by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography(UPLC), and the total statistical moments and similarity parameters of the fingerprint were calculated. According to MCI, all components of AFI and AF were divided into different component groups, the average values of 0-8th order(0χ-8χ) MCI of the common component groups of AFI and AF were calculated. ResultThe values of total zero-order moment(AUCT) of AFI and AF were (10.57±2.45)×106, (5.09±0.89)×106 μV·s, the values of total first-order moment(MCRTT) were (11.57±1.58), (12.10±1.29) min, the values of total second-order moments(VCRTT) were(24.49±2.30), (26.49±2.54) min2, respectively. It showed that qualitative and quantitative parameters of AFI and AF were significantly different. The components with high similarity such as neohesperidin, hesperidin and narirutin were screened as the common potential pharmacodynamic components of AFI and AF. The non-common components of AFI, such as alysifolinone and imperatorin, and the non-common components of AF, such as neoeriocitrin and isosakuranin, with high similarity were screened out as potential heterogeneous components of AFI and AF. The composition groups of AFI and AF were classified into six categories, and the similarities between the composition groups of AFI and AF and the total constituents were 0.872-0.979 and 0.918-0.997, the average values of 0χ-8χ MCI of alkaloids in AFI and AF were 3.65 and 3.14, the average values of 0χ-8χ MCI of flavonoids were 8.47 and 8.47, the average values of 0χ-8χ MCI of volatile oils were 2.71 and 3.48, respectively. It showed that there were some differences in MCI of chemical constituents(groups) between AFI and AF. ConclusionThe chemical constituents(groups) of AFI and AF not only differ in content and species, but also in structural characteristics and structure-activity relationship, which can provide a basis for further explaining the scientific connotation of homologous and heterogeneous effect of AFI and AF.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990550

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography(ERCP)and related techniques in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic pancreatitis in children.Methods:The clinical data of 16 children with chronic pancreatitis diagnosed in the Department of Gastroenterology at Beijing Children′s Hospital from January 2021 to January 2022, who had ERCP indications were analyzed retrospectively, including age, sex, operation time, postoperative complications and follow-up data.Results:Thirty nine ERCP operations were performed in 16 children, with the age of (7.20±2.51) years old, and the minimum weight of 13 kg.There were 7 males and 9 females.The clinical manifestations were upper abdominal pain in all cases, 3 patients with dyspnea, 1 patient with gastrointestinal bleeding, and 1 patient with diabetes.In terms of etiology, 16 cases were diagnosed by ERCP including, 7 cases with pancreatic divisum, 1 case with abnormal pancreaticobile duct confluence.Among the 16 children, 11 had gene examination with 9 gene mutations (including 7 cases SPINK1 mutation, 1 case PRSS mutation, and 1 case CFTR mutation).The operation time was 30 to 65 minutes, and the median was 43 minutes.The operation time was negative correlation with age, while there was no correlation with the anatomical structure abnormality or the gene mutation.Among the 16 children, 15 were placed with pancreatic duct stents, with a success rate of 93.8%.Three children had postoperative pancreatitis, the rest had hyperamylasemia.Postoperative complications were not related with the age, the anatomical structure abnormality or the gene mutation.All children had been followed up for more than one year.All children have not suffered from pancreatitis again, and the body mass index had increased significantly after operation than before( P<0.05).The ERCP operation was performed 2 to 4 times in children after stent replacement, and the time of stent replacement ranged from 3 months to 12 months. Conclusion:The main causes of chronic pancreatitis in children are anatomical abnormalities or gene mutations.ERCP and related techniques are minimally invasive, safe and effective in the treatment of chronic pancreatitis.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1290-1295, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009983

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of methionine restriction on proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of human acute leukemia cells.@*METHODS@#Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect the effect of methionine restriction on HL-60 and Jurkat cells proliferation. The effect of methionine restriction on cell cycle of HL-60 and Jurkat cells was examined by PI staining. Annexin V-FITC / PI double staining was applied to detect apoptosis of HL-60 and Jurkat cells following methionine restriction. The expression of cell cycle-related proteins cyclin B1, CDC2 and apoptosis-related protein Bcl-2 was evaluated by Western blot assay.@*RESULTS@#Methionine restriction significantly inhibited the proliferation of HL-60 and Jurkat cells in a time-dependent manner (HL-60: r =0.7773, Jurkat: r =0.8725), arrested the cells at G2/M phase (P < 0.001), and significantly induced apoptosis of HL-60 and Jurkat cells (HL-60: P < 0.001; Jurkat: P < 0.05). Furthermore, Western blot analysis demonstrated that methionine restriction significantly reduced the proteins expression of Cyclin B1 (P < 0.05), CDC2 (P < 0.01) and Bcl-2 (P < 0.001) in HL-60 and Jurkat cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Acute leukemia cells HL-60 and Jurkat exhibit methionine dependence. Methionine restriction can significantly inhibit the proliferation, promote cell cycle arrest and induce apoptosis of HL-60 and Jurkat cells, which suggests that methionine restriction may be a potential therapeutic strategy for acute leukemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cyclin B1/pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Methionine/pharmacology , Cell Cycle , Apoptosis , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Cell Division , Cell Cycle Proteins , Jurkat Cells , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , HL-60 Cells
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972299

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveBased on the supramolecular "imprinting template" theory, the autonomous action law of the component groups of Shentong Zhuyutang in the preparation process of medicinal materials-decoction pieces-formulas was studied to clarify the quantitative transfer law of its quality attributes. MethodUltra performance liquid chromatography(UPLC) fingerprint of Shentong Zhuyutang was established with mobile phase of 0.4% phosphoric acid aqueous solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) for gradient elution(0-2.5 min, 100%A; 2.5-6 min, 100%-96%A; 6-15 min, 96%-92%A; 15-25 min, 92%-88%A; 25-35 min, 88%-75%A; 35-50 min, 75%-65%A; 50-60 min, 65%-50%A; 60-65 min, 50%-30%A; 65-70 min, 100%A) and detection wavelength of 235 nm, and the total statistical moments, information entropy and primary feeding amount of fingerprint of medicinal materials, decoction pieces and benchmark samples were calculated. Dry extract rate of the benchmark samples, the transfer rates and the addition parameters of medicinal materials-decoction pieces-formulas were calculated. ResultSimilarities of the total statistical moments of UPLC fingerprint of 15 batches of medicinal materials and decoction pieces were>0.89, the relative standard deviations(RSDs) of information entropy of UPLC fingerprint of 12 medicinal materials and decoction pieces were<10%. RSDs of total first-order moment(MCRTT) and information entropy of Shentong Zhuyutang(medicinal materials) were 5.5% and 2.3%, while the RSDs of MCRTT and information entropy of Shentong Zhuyutang(decoction pieces) were 4.8% and 2.6%, respectively. The dry extract rate of 45 batches of Shentong Zhuyutang was 17.2%-20.2%. The transfer rate of medicinal materials to decoction pieces was within the range of data fluctuation, which was 70%-130% of the average value. The overall transfer rates of medicinal materials to decoction pieces and decoction pieces to benchmark samples were 101.8% and 83.0%, respectively. ConclusionThe quality properties of Shentong Zhuyutang benchmark samples can be studied by total statistical moment analysis and primary feeding amount analysis, which can confirm the supramolecular "imprinting template" theory to a certain extent.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982278

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the factors related to renal impairment in patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) from the perspective of integrated Chinese and Western medicine.@*METHODS@#Totally 492 patients with DKD in 8 Chinese hospitals from October 2017 to July 2019 were included. According to Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) staging guidelines, patients were divided into a chronic kidney disease (CKD) 1-3 group and a CKD 4-5 group. Clinical data were collected, and logistic regression was used to analyze the factors related to different CKD stages in DKD patients.@*RESULTS@#Demographically, male was a factor related to increased CKD staging in patients with DKD (OR=3.100, P=0.002). In clinical characteristics, course of diabetes >60 months (OR=3.562, P=0.010), anemia (OR=4.176, P<0.001), hyperuricemia (OR=3.352, P<0.001), massive albuminuria (OR=4.058, P=0.002), atherosclerosis (OR=2.153, P=0.007) and blood deficiency syndrome (OR=1.945, P=0.020) were factors related to increased CKD staging in patients with DKD.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Male, course of diabetes >60 months, anemia, hyperuricemia, massive proteinuria, atherosclerosis, and blood deficiency syndrome might indicate more severe degree of renal function damage in patients with DKD. (Registration No. NCT03865914).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diabetic Nephropathies , Hyperuricemia , Kidney , Proteinuria , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications
6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1867-1873, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013956

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the inhibitory effect of attenuated salmonella SGN1, overexpressing methioninase, on nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and the underlying mechanism. Methods The cell proliferation, cell cycle, cell apoptosis, clony formation and migration a-bility of 5-8F, HNE-2, CNE-2 cells were measured u-sing flow cytometry assay, clone formation assay, and wound assay after the methionine restriction treatment. 5-8F, HNE-2, CNE-2 cells were infected with SGN1 at the multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 1: 100 for 5 hours, followed with the measurement of cell growth. A xenograft model was constructed by subcutaneous injection of 5-8F cells in mice to observe the inhibitory effect of SGN1 on nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Results Compared with the control group, methionine restriction significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration ability, and clone formation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells and blocked the G

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1444-1450, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013726

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of methionine restriction on the proliferation, migration and invasion of human oral squamous carcinoma CAL-27 cells. Methods Cell proliferation and colony formation ability were detected by cell counting and colony forming assay. The changes in cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by propidium iodide (PI) staining flow cytometry and Annexin V/7-amino-actinomycin staining flow cytometry. The migration and invasion ability of CAL-27 was detected by scratch and Transwell assay. The expression levels of apoptosis proteins Bax and Bcl-2, cyclins CDK2 and CDK4 and migration and invasion proteins N-cadherin and E-cadherin were examined by Western blot. Results Methionine restriction significantly inhibited the proliferation and clone formation of oral squamous cancer cell CAL-27 (P < 0. 01), induced cell cycle arrest at G

8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1114-1119, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012374

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of occupational lung diseases, to reduce the missed diagnoses and misdiagnoses of the diseases and to help standardize the diagnosis and treatment of these patients. Methods: A total of 4 813 lung biopsy specimens (including 1 935 consultation cases) collected at the Department of Pathology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing, China from January 1st, 2017 to December 31th, 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 126 cases of occupational lung diseases were confirmed with clinical-radiological-pathological diagnosis. Special staining, PCR and scanning electron microscopy were also used to rule out the major differential diagnoses. Results: The 126 patients with occupational lung diseases included 102 males and 24 females. All of them had a history of exposure to occupational risk factor(s). Morphologically, 68.3% (86/126) of the cases mainly showed pulmonary fibrotic nodules, dust plaque formation or carbon end deposition in pulmonary parenchyma. 16.7% (21/126) of the cases mainly showed welding smoke particle deposition in the alveolar cavity and lung interstitium while 15.1% (19/126) of the cases showed granulomas with fibrous tissue hyperplasia, alveolar protein deposition or giant cell interstitial pneumonia. The qualitative and semi-quantitative analyses of residual dust components in the lung under scanning electron microscope were helpful for the diagnosis of welder's pneumoconiosis and hard metal lung disease. Conclusions: The morphological characteristics of lung biopsy tissue are important reference basis for the clinicopathological diagnosis and differential diagnosis of occupational lung diseases. Recognizing the characteristic morphology and proper use of auxiliary examination are the key to an accurate diagnosis of occupational lung diseases on biopsy specimens.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Pneumoconiosis/pathology , Lung/pathology , Dust , Pneumonia, Viral/pathology , Biopsy
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990949

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of tidal lung function combined with fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in children with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) pneumonia.Methods:The clinical data of 65 children with RSV pneumonia in Shanghai Pudong New Area Gongli Hospital from April 2019 to October 2020 were retrospectively collected. According to the pneumonia severity index (PSI), they were divided into severe group (PSI score>130 points, 19 cases), mild to moderate group (PSI score ≤130 points, 46 cases), and 72 healthy children in the same period were selected as the normal control group. The levels of interleukin (IL)-8, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and tidal lung function parameters and FeNO were compared among the three groups and analyzed their correlation and evaluated the value in disease severity.Results:The level of FeNO in the severe group was higher than that in the mild to moderate group and the normal control group: (23.04 ± 5.49) ppb vs. (15.75 ± 8.24), (9.28 ± 3.51) ppb; the levels of tidal volume per kilogram of body mass (VT/kg), peak time ratio (TPEF/TE), peak volume ratio (VPEF/VE) in the severe group were lower than those in the mild to moderate group and the normal control group: (6.21 ± 1.89) ml/kg vs. (8.40 ± 1.27), ( 9.39 ± 3.04) ml/kg; (16.39 ± 6.61)% vs. (21.72 ± 5.39)%, (38.65 ± 7.20)%; (22.81 ± 6.39)% vs. (25.62 ± 5.30)%, (39.67 ± 4.04)% , there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). The correlation analysis results showed that the VT/kg, TPEF/TE, VPEF/VE were negatively correlated with IL-6 ( r = - 0.584, - 0.519, - 0.528; P<0.01), IL-8 ( r = - 0.521, - 0.542, - 0.567; P<0.01), TNF-α ( r = - 0.559, - 0.534, - 0.572; P<0.01) and hs-CRP ( r = - 0.528, - 0.567, - 0.533; P<0.01); the level of FeNO was positively correlated with IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, hs-CRP ( r = 0.672, 0.639, 0.641, 0.672; P<0.01); the levels of VT/kg, TPEF/TE, VPEF/VE were negatively correlated with PSI scores in children with RSV pneumonia ( r = - 0.842, - 0.713, - 0.741; P<0.05); the level of FeNO was positively correlated with PSI scores in children with RSV pneumonia ( r = 0.809, P<0.05). The area under the curve of VT/kg, TPEF/TE, VPEF/VE combined with FeNO to assess the severity of RSV pneumonia in children with RSV pneumonia was 0.888, and the sensitivity and specificity were 73.68% and 91.30%, respectively. Conclusions:Tidal lung function parameters and FeNO are closely related to the severity of RSV pneumonia. The combined detection can be used as an objective basis for assessing the severity of RSV pneumonia.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955127

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of infliximab(IFX)in pediatric patients with ulcerative colitis(UC).Methods:The clinical data of 17 UC patients who received IFX treatment at Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, and the pediatric ulcerative colitis activity index(PUCAI)and laboratory data were compared before and after treatment to evaluate the efficacy and safety of IFX.Results:A total of 17 UC patients were included, and among them there were 9 boys and 8 girls.The age of onset was 12.1(10.7, 12.8)years old, and median age at IFX initiation was 12.5(11.8, 13.6)years old.The duration of IFX medication was 46.1(17.4, 56.9)weeks, and the times of IFX injections was 8.0(4.5, 10.5). The mean PUCAI score of the 17 UC patients at start of IFX treatment was (50.6±21.2) points, and the Mayo endoscopic score showed: ten severe activity, six moderate activity, and one mild activity.IFX efficacy analysis: the clinical response rate was 87.5%(14/16), and the clinical remission rate was 56.3%(9/16) at the 14th week.The sustained response rate was 81.8%(9/11), and the sustained remission rate was 36.4%(4/11) at the 30th week.At the 14th week of IFX treatment, PUCAI score[2.5(0, 10.0)points vs.50.0(41.3, 70.0)points] and white blood cell count[5.7(4.8, 8.6)×10 9/L vs.8.7(6.4, 13.5)×10 9/L] significantly decreased(all P<0.05), hemoglobin[(113.8±20.4)g/L vs.(99.3 ± 19.4)g/L] and albumin level[42.2(40.0, 44.4)g/L vs.36.6(28.6, 40.2)g/L] significantly increased compared with those before IFX treatment, and the differences were statistically significant(all P<0.05). The Mayo endoscopic scores at 14 weeks of IFX treatment in 12 active UC patients showed: only 2 patients achieved mucosal healing, 5 patients had reduced from severe to moderate mucosal inflammation, and 5 patients had no improvement.Seven patients had 10 adverse events, 2 cases had 4 times acute infusion reactions, and 5 cases had 6 times infections. Conclusion:IFX is effective and relatively safe in inducing and maintaining clinical remission in pediatric UC patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955115

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of infliximab(IFX)in pediatric patients with ulcerative colitis(UC).Methods:The clinical data of 17 UC patients who received IFX treatment at Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, and the pediatric ulcerative colitis activity index(PUCAI)and laboratory data were compared before and after treatment to evaluate the efficacy and safety of IFX.Results:A total of 17 UC patients were included, and among them there were 9 boys and 8 girls.The age of onset was 12.1(10.7, 12.8)years old, and median age at IFX initiation was 12.5(11.8, 13.6)years old.The duration of IFX medication was 46.1(17.4, 56.9)weeks, and the times of IFX injections was 8.0(4.5, 10.5). The mean PUCAI score of the 17 UC patients at start of IFX treatment was (50.6±21.2) points, and the Mayo endoscopic score showed: ten severe activity, six moderate activity, and one mild activity.IFX efficacy analysis: the clinical response rate was 87.5%(14/16), and the clinical remission rate was 56.3%(9/16) at the 14th week.The sustained response rate was 81.8%(9/11), and the sustained remission rate was 36.4%(4/11) at the 30th week.At the 14th week of IFX treatment, PUCAI score[2.5(0, 10.0)points vs.50.0(41.3, 70.0)points] and white blood cell count[5.7(4.8, 8.6)×10 9/L vs.8.7(6.4, 13.5)×10 9/L] significantly decreased(all P<0.05), hemoglobin[(113.8±20.4)g/L vs.(99.3 ± 19.4)g/L] and albumin level[42.2(40.0, 44.4)g/L vs.36.6(28.6, 40.2)g/L] significantly increased compared with those before IFX treatment, and the differences were statistically significant(all P<0.05). The Mayo endoscopic scores at 14 weeks of IFX treatment in 12 active UC patients showed: only 2 patients achieved mucosal healing, 5 patients had reduced from severe to moderate mucosal inflammation, and 5 patients had no improvement.Seven patients had 10 adverse events, 2 cases had 4 times acute infusion reactions, and 5 cases had 6 times infections. Conclusion:IFX is effective and relatively safe in inducing and maintaining clinical remission in pediatric UC patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954936

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of capacity, opportunity, motivation-behavior (COM-B) model based self-care health platform for colorectal cancer patients with enterostomy.Methods:A total of 84 patients with permanent enterostomy for colorectal cancer treated in our hospital from May 2020 to April 2021 were selected and divided into the intervention group and the control group by random number table method, 42 cases in each group. The control group was treated with routine nursing, and the intervention group was treated with a self-care health platform based on COM-B model. Patients′ self-care ability, self-efficacy level and the incidence of enterostomy-related complications were evaluated before and after the intervention.Results:Finally, 41 cases were included in the intervention group and 40 cases in the control group. Before intervention, there were no significant differences in self-concept, self-care skills, self-responsibility, health knowledge level and total score of self-care ability between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). After intervention, the total scores of self-concept, self-care skills, self-responsibility, health knowledge and self-care ability in the intervention group were (26.14 ± 1.13), (39.49 ± 2.13), (16.20 ± 2.08), (50.95 ± 5.56), (132.78 ± 6.47), which were higher than those in the control group (19.35 ± 2.07), (29.88 ± 3.52), (9.85 ± 3.25), (43.13 ± 6.71), (102.20 ± 11.47), the difference was statistically significant ( t values were 5.72-18.28, all P<0.05). Before intervention, there was no significant difference in self-efficacy scores between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). After intervention, the self-efficacy score of the intervention group (88.20 ± 6.90) was higher than that of the control group (74.63 ± 3.59), the difference was statistically significant ( t=11.14, P<0.05). After intervention, the incidence of enterostomy-related complications in the intervention group was 7.31%(3/41), lower than 27.50%(11/40) in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( χ 2=5.36, P<0.05). Conclusion:The construction of self-care health platform for colorectal cancer patients with enterostomy based on COM-B model can effectively improve the self-care ability and self-efficacy of patients, and reduce the incidence of complications.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954725

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Adalimumab(ADA) in the treatment of pediatric Crohn′s disease (CD).Methods:The clinical data of 20 CD patients treated with ADA at Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from September 2016 to September 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.The disease activity status and mucosal inflammation in CD patients were evaluated using the Pediatric Crohn′s Disease Activity Index (PCDAI) and Crohn′s Disease Endoscopic Severity Index(CDEIS). Data were compared between groups using the rank sum test or Fisher′ s exact test. Results:A total of 20 CD patients were recruited, including 12 males and 8 females.The mean age at diagnosis of CD was (9.5 ± 4.9) years old, ranging from 0.9-15.1 years old.The mean age of the first use of ADA was (10.4 ± 4.8) years old, ranging from 1.2-16.7 years old.The median duration of CD symptoms before ADA treatment was 0.9 (0.4, 1.7) years.The mean PCDAI score of 20 CD patients before ADA treatment was (28.5±19.8) points (range: 0-65.0 points). Of the 20 cases, 8 cases (40.0%) had severe disease activity, and 4 cases (20.0%) were in remission.A total of 15 CD patients underwent CDEIS assessment.The results showed that 9 patients had moderate to severe disease activity, and the symptoms were improved in 1 case under endoscopy.Ten patients (10/20 cases, 50.0%) received Infliximab (IFX) treatment preceding ADA treatment.IFX discontinuation was due to the loss of response(8/10 cases, 80.0%) and allergic reactions (2/10 patients, 20.0%). After 6 weeks of ADA treatment, the median PCDAI score of the 20 CD patients was 5.0 (0, 10.0) points, which was significantly lower than that before ADA treatment ( P<0.001). The clinical remission rate and clinical response rate of 16 patients with active CD treated with ADA for 6 weeks were 62.5% (10/16 cases) and 87.5% (14/16 cases), respectively.There were no significant differences in the clinical remission rate and clinical response rate between the patients who did not receive IFX and those who had previously received IFX(all P> 0.05). The median ADA treatment period was 5.5 (2.6, 17.8) months.During the follow-up period, 6 patients (6/20 cases, 30.0%) suffered from clinical recurrence of CD.At the end of the follow-up visit, seventeen patients(17/20 cases, 85.0%) maintained clinical remission, one had primary non-response and two experienced secondary non-response.Adverse events were reported in 7 patients, mainly including pneumonia (4 cases) or upper respiratory tract infection (2 cases). No tumor or other serious adverse events were recorded. Conclusions:ADA has good efficacy in inducing and maintaining clinical remission in pediatric CD patients, and does not cause serious adverse events.

14.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 562-565,F3, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954079

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of Epstein-Barr(EB)virus associated gastroenteritis, aiming to improve the diagnosis and treatment.Methods:The clinical data of 8 patients diagnosed as EB virus associated gastroenteritis in Department of Gastroenterology, Beijing Children′s Hospital were retrospectively analyzed from January 2017 to December 2021 including the clinical data, laboratory examination, endoscopic and imaging findings, medications and clinical prognosis.Results:There were eight cases with the male: female ratio 6: 2, the average age 7.46 years, and history 20 d to 3 years.Main clinical manifestations were abdominal pain(7/8), diarrhea(4/8), bloody stools(3/8), fever(2/8), hematemesis(1/8), with the high load of serum EB virus DNA in 4 cases.The endoscopic features were rough mucosa, edema, erosion, boundary clear shallow ulcer.The EB virus-encoded small RNA(EBER)was positive in situ hybridization(8/8).The frequently affected sites were upper gastrointestinal tract(3/8), small intestine(2/8)and colon(4/8).The common complications were sepsis(3/8)and mild malnutrition(3/8).All patients became better by the enteral nutrition and antiviral therapy.Conclusion:The EB virus associated gastroenteritis is rare with the serious complications, the non-specific clinical manifestations.The clinical doctors should improve the understanding of this disease in order to improve the diagnosis and therapy.Clinicians should pay more attention to the test of EB virus in serum and membrane, then carry out the accurate treatment.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940671

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the material basis for the difference in the efficacy of different parts of mulberry based on molecular connectivity index (MCI). MethodBy referring to the relevant literature at home and abroad and traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform (TCMSP) database, the chemical composition database of mulberry-source medicinal materials was established. Venn analysis was carried out on the components among mulberry-source medicinal materials. The components in the database were divided into 10 categories, and the composition information was analyzed. According to MCI value, all components of mulberry-source medicinal materials were divided into different groups. The angle cosine method was used to calculate the MCI similarity. The average MCI values of the common component group from 0-8 orders and CI of mulberry-source medicinal materials were calculated. ResultThe components with high similarity such as (+)-cycloolivil, 1′-methoxy-2′-hydroxydihydromollugin, kuwanon, morusin and 1-deoxynojirimycin were selected as potential pharmacodynamic components. Mulberry-source medicinal materials could be divided into five component groups. The similarity between component groups and total components was 0.760-0.999, and the similarity between component groups was 0.248-0.999. In Mori Ramulus, Mori Folium, Mori Cortex and Mori Fructus, the average MCI values of their flavonoids from 0-8 orders were 4.57, 4.59, 6.41, 4.24, respectively. The average MCI values of alkaloids from 0-8 orders were 2.65, 4.55, 2.58, 2.78, respectively. The average CI values from 0-8 orders were 5.51, 5.49, 5.44 and 2.88, respectively. ConclusionIt is preliminarily concluded that there are differences in the flavonoids and pathways of hypoglycemic effects between Mori Cortex and the other three mulberry-source medicinal materials. The MCI values of alkaloids from 0-8 orders in Mori Folium and Mori Fructus were higher, but their inhibitory activity of α-glucosidase were lower than those of Mori Ramulus and Mori Cortex. The structural characteristics of the total components of Mori Fructus represented by CI were quite different from the other three mulberry-source medicinal materials.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940627

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the effect of isoflavones from Sojae Semen Praeparatum (ISSP) on lipid metabolism in atherosclerotic mice, and decipher the underlying mechanism via the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma/liver X receptor alpha/ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (PPARγ/LXRα/ABCA1) signaling pathway. MethodFifty ApoE-/- mice were randomly assigned into the model group, western medicine (atorvastatin calcium, 3.03 mg·kg-1) group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose ISSP (2.5, 5, 10 mg·kg-1, respectively) groups, with 10 rats in each group. Atherosclerosis model mice were established by bilateral ovariectomy and feeding high-fat diet. Another 10 ApoE-/- mice receiving ovariectomy and high-fat diet were taken as the sham group. Some mice died of postoperative infection, and finally 6 mice were included in each group. One week after operation, each group was administrated with corresponding drugs or equivalent amount of normal saline. After 12 weeks, the levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs) in serum and liver tissue were measured. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and oil red O staining were used for observation of aortic plaque formation and liver lipid deposition. The mRNA and protein levels of PPARγ, LXRα, ABCA1, and ATP-binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1) in liver were determined by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. ResultCompared with the sham group, the modeling of atherosclerosis increased the aortic plaque area (P<0.01), elevated the serum TC, TG, LDL-C, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels (P<0.01), decreased the level of HDL-C (P<0.01), increased the liver index (P<0.05) and the levels of TC, TG, and NEFAs in liver (P<0.01), and caused obvious hepatic fat vacuoles and lipid deposition. In addition, the modeling down-regulated the mRNA levels of PPARγ, LXRα, ABCA1 in liver (P<0.05, P<0.01),and regulated the mRNA and protein levels of ABCG1(P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, atorvastatin calcium and middle-, high-dose ISSP reduced the serum TC, TG, LDL-C, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels (P<0.01), decreased the liver index (P<0.01), alleviated the liver fat vacuoles and lipid deposition, and increased the levels of TC, TG, and NEFAs in the liver (P<0.05, P<0.01). Furthermore, they up-regulated the mRNA and protein levels of PPARγ, LXRα, ABCA1, and ABCG1 in the liver (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionISSP may regulate lipid metabolism through PPARγ/LXRα/ABCA1 signaling pathway to down-regulate the expression of inflammatory cytokines in serum and alleviate liver lipid deposition, thereby suppressing the formation of atherosclerotic plaque.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958820

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the incentive effect and influencing factors of the current economic incentive policy for medical alliances in Longhua District of Shenzhen(the alliance for short) on doctors′ willingness to work at primary medical institutions(the primary for short) from the perspective of mental account, and to explore the economic incentive effect of different economic incentive distribution methods on doctors′ willingness to work at the primary.Methods:The questionnaire was designed based on mental account theory. Random sampling was made in November 2019 for a questionnaire survey among doctors in two district-level medical institutions of the alliance in Longhua District of Shenzhen. The purpose was to analyze their inclination to work at the primary and their selection preferences for economic incentive distribution methods under the current economic incentive policy. The data were analyzed by descriptive analysis, and the influencing factors of doctors′ willingness to work at the primary were analyzed by χ2 test and binary logistic regression. Results:A total of 254 valid questionnaires were collected with an effective recovery rate of 90.7%. Among the respondents, 189(74.4%) were willing to work at the primary, 168(66.1%) chose to receive the economic incentives specifically for working at the primary, and 148 people(58.3%) hoped to receive such economic incentives immediately. Education background, self-rated economic income level of doctors and different payment methods of economic incentive for working at the primary had significant effects on their willingness to work at the primary( P<0.05). Conclusions:The current economic incentive policy of the alliance can meet the demands for economic incentives in terms of doctors′ material accounts, and doctors′ overall inclination to work at the primary was strong. If the amount of economic incentives is constant, doctors preferred to receive the economic incentives specifically, mainly affected by income accounts and additional income accounts. In addition, education and self-assessment of economic income level were important factors affecting the willingness of doctors to work at the primary, which may be affected by mental accounts other than material accounts.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928873

ABSTRACT

CT image based organ segmentation is essential for radiotherapy treatment planning, and it is laborious and time consuming to outline the endangered organs and target areas before making radiation treatment plans. This study proposes a fully automated segmentation method based on fusion convolutional neural network to improve the efficiency of physicians in outlining the endangered organs and target areas. The CT images of 170 postoperative cervical cancer stage IB and IIA patients were selected for network training and automatic outlining of bladder, rectum, femoral head and CTV, and the neural network was used to localize easily distinguishable vessels around the target area to achieve more accurate outlining of CTV.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Neural Networks, Computer , Organs at Risk , Pelvis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/surgery
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930814

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of combination therapy on cyclic vomiting syndrome(CVS)in children, and improve the efficacy of CVS treatment in the future.Methods:This study retrospectively analyzed patients′ medical records of CVS, which were admitted to Digestive Department of Beijing Children′s Hospital from 2012 to 2019.The treatment regimen was A(Cyproheptadine+ Doxepin+ Valproate), B(Propranolol+ Cyproheptadine), or C(Propranolol+ Amitriptyline). Meanwhile, the patients should take drugs more than three months.The clinical data of 42 cases were analyzed retrospectively, and the treatment effect after discharge was followed up by telephone until October, 2020.Results:Among the 42 cases, 17 were male and 25 were female, whose mean age of onset was (4.65±3.23) years, and the age of diagnosis was (6.79±3.58) years.The main accompanied symptoms were abdominal pain and upper gastrointestinal bleeding.Forty-two patients were moderate/severe CVS.The regimens A, B and C were observed in 7, 11, and 24 patients, respectively.The age at improvement was(8.17±4.12)years.The course of treatment was(1.37±0.96)years.The age at follow-up was(10.32±4.03)years.During the 1-year follow-up, 35 cases were effective, and the efficiency was 83.3%.Among them, 23 cases had no paroxysmal vomiting and 7 cases had no effect.There was no significant difference in therapy effects among group A, B and C. Between the effective group and non-effective group, there were statistical differences in the personal history of hiatus hernia( P=0.024), the weight at follow-up ( P=0.042), and the course of medication( P=0.020). Conclusion:The combination regimen has a higher effective rate in the treatment of CVS.There was no significant difference among the three regimens in the treatment of CVS.For children with refractory CVS, who can not be treated with combination therapy, individualized therapy should be further developed.

20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 233-238, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014150

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the anti-cancer effects of ZL-n-91, a novel and highly selective phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor, on the osteosarcoma U2OS cells.Methods CCK-8 assay was used to detect the inhibitory effect of ZL-n-91 with different concentrations(0, 20, 40, 80, 160, 240, 320, 400, 480 μmol·L-1)and different intervention time(0, 24, 48, 72, 96 h)on the proliferation of U2OS cells.Tablet clone forming experiment was used to detect the effect of ZL-n-91 on the clonality of U2OS cells.Flow cytometry was used to detect the cell apoptosis and cell cycle distribution.Western blot was employed to detect the expression of Bcl-2, CDK2, CDK4, CyclinD1, CyclinE1 protein.Results The inhibitory rate of ZL-n-91 on U2OS cells was concentration- and time-dependent(P<0.05), and its half inhibition rate IC50 was 174.1 μmol·L-1.ZL-n-91 significantly inhibited the clonality of U2OS cells(P<0.01).ZL-n-91 significantly induced cell apoptosis, and caused cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase in U2OS cells(P<0.01).The results of Western blot showed that ZL-n-91 significantly down-regulated the expression of Bcl-2, CDK2, CDK4, CyclinD1, CyclinE1 proteins in U2OS cells(P<0.05).Conclusions The novel selective phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor, ZL-n-91, can significantly inhibit the proliferation of osteosarcoma U2OS cells with induction of cell cycle arrest and cell apoptosis, and may become a potential anti-cancer agent.

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