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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 120-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959029

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the important factors influencing organ donation willingness and coordination effect of organ donation coordinators. Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted among 349 national organ donation coordinators by convenience sampling, including 145 males and 204 females, aged 27 (23, 36) years. Multiple linear regression and disordered logistic regression were used to investigate the important factors influencing the willingness to donate organs and coordination effects. Results Among 349 organ donation coordinators, 146 (41.8%) were willing to donate organs, including 101 (28.9%) who had signed the consent card for organ donation. Adequate awareness of organ donation laws, high education level, marital experience, and good self-perceived health status all showed positive effects on organ donation willingness of organ donation coordinators (all P < 0.05). High income, long length of service as organ donation coordinators, full-time mode of employment, high willingness to donate organs, and adequate awareness of donation conditions and donation procedures all showed positive effects on the coordination effect of organ donation coordinators (all P < 0.05). Conclusions The willingness to donate organs is increased as the higher awareness of organ donation laws of organ donation coordinators, while enhancing the willingness to donate organs of organ donation coordinators exerts positive impact upon improving the coordination effect of organ donation coordination. Therefore, an all-round organ donation coordinator training system should be established to improve the success rate of organ donation advocacy and promote the development of organ donation.

2.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 157-160, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996440

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics of drug-induced liver injury caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs in newly treated pulmonary tuberculosis patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Methods A total of 133 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and HBV who were treated in Zhuzhou Central Hospital from January 2018 to early January 2022 were selected, and all were treated with conventional anti-tuberculosis 2HRZE/4HR regimen. According to the liver injury, the patients were divided into liver injury group and no liver injury group. Univariate analysis was used to analyze the related factors of liver injury caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the independent risk factors of liver injury caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs. Results Among 133 cases of newly treated pulmonary tuberculosis patients with HBV, 24 cases had liver injury caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs, accounting for 18.05%; 109 patients had no liver injury caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs, accounting for 81.95%. Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in smoking history, drinking history, diabetes history, hypertension history, anti-tuberculosis treatment plan, malnutrition, and use of hepatoprotective drugs between the liver injury group and the no liver injury group (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that smoking history, drinking history, diabetes history, hypertension history, PZA-containing regimen, malnutrition, and no use of hepatoprotective drugs were independent risk factors for liver injury caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs. Conclusion Smoking history, drinking history, diabetes history, hypertension history, PZA-containing regimen, malnutrition, and no use of hepatoprotective drugs are the risk factors for drug-induced liver injury caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs in newly treated pulmonary tuberculosis patients with HBV.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 312-320, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990849

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of specnuezhenide on high glucose-induced human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (hRMECs) injury and its mechanism.Methods:The hRMECs were divided into a normal control group cultured in a culture medium containing 5.5 mmol/L glucose, a hypertonic group cultured in a culture medium containing 5.5 mmol/L glucose + 24.5 mmol/L mannitol, a high glucose group cultured in a culture medium containing 30 mmol/L glucose, as well as high glucose+ low-, medium-, and high-dose specnuezhenide groups cultured in culture media containing 30 mmol/L glucose + 25, 50, 100 μmol/L specnuezhenide for 24 hours, respectively.In addition, hRMECs were divided into a high glucose+ small interfering RNA-negative control (si-NC) group cultured in a culture medium containing 30 mmol/L glucose, a high glucose+ si-forkhead box O4 (FOXO4) group cultured in a culture medium containing 30 mmol/L glucose, a high glucose+ specnuezhenide+ pcDNA group cultured in a culture medium containing 100 μmol/L specnuezhenide + 30 mmol/L glucose, and a high glucose+ specnuezhenide+ pcDNA-FOXO4 group cultured in a culture medium containing 100 μmol/L specnuezhenide+ 30 mmol/L glucose for 24 hours after transfection by corresponding reagents.Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry.The malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in cells were detected by the thiobarbituric acid method and xanthine oxidase method, respectively.The concentrations of interleukin (IL)-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in the cell culture supernatant were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.The relative expression level of FOXO4 protein in cells was determined by Western blot.Results:The apoptosis rates of normal control group, hypertonic group, high glucose group, high glucose+ low-, medium- and high-dose specnuezhenide groups were (7.32±0.72)%, (7.44±0.70)%, (23.96±1.32)%, (19.84±1.09)%, (14.13±0.85)% and (9.84±0.70)%, respectively.There were significant differences in cell apoptosis rate, MDA concentration, SOD activity, the concentration of IL-1β, the concentration of TNF-α, and the relative expression level of FOXO4 protein among the six groups ( F=498.545, 1 186.693, 516.629, 654.247, 638.238, 472.655; all at P<0.001). Compared with high glucose group, the apoptosis rate, MDA concentration, IL-1β and TNF-α concentration, FOXO4 protein expression level were significantly decreased in high glucose+ low-, medium- and high-dose specnuezhenide groups, and SOD activity was significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner.Compared with high glucose+ si-NC group, the expression level of FOXO4 protein, cell apoptosis rate, MDA concentration, IL-1β and TNF-α mass concentrations were decreased in high glucose + si-FOXO4 group, while the SOD activity was increased.Compared with high glucose+ specnuezhenide+ pcDNA group, the apoptosis rate, MDA concentration, IL-1β and TNF-α concentrations, FOXO4 protein expression level of hRMECs in high glucose+ specnuezhenide+ pcDNA-FOXO4 group were significantly increased, and SOD activity was significantly decreased (all at P<0.05). Conclusions:Specnuezhenide can protect hRMECs from high glucose-induced apoptosis, oxidative stress and inflammatory response by down-regulating FOXO4.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 495-499, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957416

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of introducing 68Ga PSMA PET / CT into the prostate cancer(PCa)screening clinic, and to analyze the incidence rate and biopsy of PCa in the screening clinic of our hospital. Methods:The data of the people who participated in PCa screening in the urology screening clinic of our hospital from March 2021 to November 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Serum PSA was used as the screening index. The subjects with PSA≥4ng/ml were first examined by mpMRI to find suspicious nodules, and the positive ones were further examined by 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT to determine the lesions.The puncture target was outlined, and systematic+ targeted puncture was conducted under ultrasound guidance. The age, PSA distribution, puncture detection rate, Gleason score and clinical stage of patients with PCa were recorded. Results:A total of 1 079 subjects were included in the screening, with an average age of (63.9±9.9)(ranging 40-92) years old, and 249 patients (23.1%, 249/1 079) with PSA≥4ng/ml. Among them, 87 cases (87/249, 34.9%) received mpMRI, and 34 cases (34/249, 13.7%) had PI-RADS score ≥3 points. These 34 patients with suspected nodules on MRI were further scanned with 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT, and 11 cases (11/249, 4.4%) had abnormal uptake of PSMA nuclide. A total of 32 patients (12 patients with PSA abnormalities and 20 patients with positive imaging) finally received prostate biopsy, and 11 patients were diagnosed with PCa, with a positive detection rate of 34.4% (11/32), accounting for 1.0% (11/1 079) of the screening population. Among them, 20 patients with positive imaging (9 patients with only mpMRI positive and 11 patients with both mpMRI and 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT positive) underwent system + targeted fusion biopsy, and the positive rate was 45% (9/20). 12 patients (only PSA abnormal) underwent routine systematic puncture biopsy, and the positive detection rate was 16.7% (2/12). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Among the patients with confirmed PCa, 27.3% (3/11) had Gleason score less than 7, and 72.7% (8/11) had Gleason score≥7. Localized PCa (≤T 2) accounted for 45.4% (5/11), local progression (T 3-T 4) accounted for 18.2% (2/11), and metastatic PCa suggested by 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT accounted for 36.4% (4/11), including 3 systemic multiple bone metastases and one bone metastasis with distant lymph node metastasis. Clinically significant PCa accounted for 90.9% (10/11) of the confirmed patients, and the proportion of high-risk patients in localized or locally advanced PCa was 71.4% (5/7). Conclusions:In PCa screening, if 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT is introduced on the basis of conventional mpMRI, the detection rate of clinically meaningful PCa can be improved. Combined with targeted puncture, tumor lesions can be found early and the screening efficiency of PCa can be improved. In this study, the detection rate of PCa in outpatient screening reached 1.0%. In confirmed cases, the proportion of high-risk patients and metastatic patients was higher.

5.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1069-1073, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954426

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) alone or combined with western medicine has obvious clinical therapeutic effects on chronic atrophic gastritis, especially in improving symptoms and reversing lesions, based on the basic pathogenesis of chronic atrophic gastritis with deficiency in origin and excess in superficiality. The therapeutic methods include invigorating spleen, activating blood circulation and detoxification. The main mechanism is to inhibit cell proliferation, induce apoptosis, change the micro-environment, reduce the degree of inflammation, repair damaged mucosa and improve immune function.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 378-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923585

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of perceptions and emotional attitudes on the public's willingness to organ donation and its path of promotion. Methods The mediation effect and structural equation models were established through the convenience sampling method and with ABC attitude model as the theoretical basis to analyze the influence of perceptions and emotional attitudes on the public's willingness to organ donation and the path of promotion. Results Among 4 565 investigated subjects, 621 subjects expressly stated that they were not willing to donate their organs after the death, 701 subjects were willing to donate their organs after the death, but only 259 investigated subjects signed the informed content card of organ donation. The differences in the subjects' willingness to donate their organs were statistically significant in terms of different genders, ages, religious beliefs, places of residence and educational degrees (all P < 0.05). The overall Cronbach's α coefficient of the questionnaire was 0.781, KMO=0.842, with good reliability and validity. In the structural equation model, the path coefficient of perceptions on the willingness to donation was 0.39, while that of attitudes on the willingness was 0.25. As such, perceptions and emotional attitudes had positive impacts on the willingness to donate the organs. The results of the mediation effect model indicated that attitudes played significant mediation effects in the causality relationship of perceptions on the willingness to donate organs, and the mediation effect value was 0.035(P < 0.01). The awareness degree of organ donation was the largest determinant to the perception factor, and the path coefficient on the willingness to donation was 0.20. The sense of social honor was the largest determinant to the attitude factor, and the path coefficient was 0.16. Conclusions Both perceptions and emotional attitudes positively impact the willingness to donate organs. The awareness degree of organ donation is the largest determinant to the perception factor, while the sense of social honor is the largest determinant to the attitude factor. To improve the public's perception level towards the organ donation and increase the public's sense of social honor towards organ donation contributes to the improvement of the public's willingness to donate organs.

7.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 11-16, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927890

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of the pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome inhibitor MCC950 on nerve injury in rats with intracerebral hemorrhage(ICH). Methods: Seventy-two SD rats were randomly divided into three groups (n=24): Sham group, ICH group and MCC950 group. ICH group and MCC950 group rats were injected with autogenous non-anticoagulant blood to establish ICH model, and then the rats in MCC950 group were intraperitoneally injected with MCC950 at the dose of 10 mg/kg(2 mg/ml) for 3 days after ICH model was established. Seventy-two hours after the establishment of the model, the forelimb placement test, the corner test and mNSS score were performed to observe the neurological function of the rats with ICH. The volume of hematoma was observed in fresh brain tissue sections. HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of brain tissue. The dry-wet weight ratio was calculated to evaluate the changes of brain tissue edema. The degeneration of neurons was observed by FJC staining. The neuronal apoptosis was observed by TUNEL staining. The protein expression and activation levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18 and GSDMD were determined by Western blot. Results: Compared with sham group, the percentage of successful placement of left forelimb and left turn was decreased significantly (P<0.01, P<0.05), mNSS score was increased significantly (P<0.01) in ICH group. Hematoma volume was increased significantly, the number of microglial cells around the hematoma was increased, the number of neurons was decreased, nerve cell swelled, some cells showed pyknotic necrosis, and the staining was deepened. The water content of the right base was increased significantly (P<0.05). The number of FJC positive and TUNEL positive cells around the hematoma was increased significantly (P<0.05). The levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, pro-caspase-1, caspase-1/pro-caspase-1 ratio, GSDMD-N, GSDMD, GSDMD-N/GSDMD ratio, IL-1β and IL-18 were increased significantly (P<0.01, P< 0.05). Compared with ICH group, the percentage of successful placement of left forelimb and left turn was increased significantly in MCC950 group (P<0.05), while the mNSS score and the volume of hematoma were decreased significantly (P<0.01), the swelling degree of nerve cells around the hematoma was reduced significantly, and the number of pyrotic necrotic cells was decreased. The water content of the right base was decreased significantly (P<0.05), and the number of FJC positive and TUNEL positive cells around the hematoma was decreased significantly (P<0.05). The levels of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, pro-caspase-1, caspase-1/pro-caspase-1 ratio, GSDMD-N, GSDMD, GSDMD-N/GSDMD ratio, IL-1β and IL-18 were decreased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion: MCC950 can ameliorate nerve injury after ICH by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome mediated inflammation and pyroptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Caspase 1/metabolism , Cerebral Hemorrhage/pathology , Furans , Hematoma , Indenes , Inflammasomes/metabolism , Interleukin-18 , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sulfonamides , Water
8.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1063-1069, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the changing characteristics of the levels of plasma thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT) in atherosclerosis obliterans (ASO) patients with different conditions and the clinical value of predicting luminal restenosis after revascularization.Methods:A total of 386 ASO patients were collected, including 209 males and 177 females, aged 70 (44-97) years old, including 196 patients with intermittent claudication and 190 patients with critical limb ischemia. There were 172 patients with intermittent claudication and 185 patients with critical limb ischemia who received revascularization therapy. During the 30-day follow-up period, 23 patients with intermittent claudication and 49 patients with critical limb ischemia developed restenosis after surgery. Venous blood samples were collected before surgery, on the 3rd day after surgery, and on the 7th day after surgery. Plasma TAT levels were determined by Shine i2900-automatic chemiluminescence immunoassay analyzer; Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison among multiple groups; Mann-Whitney U test was used for data comparison between the two groups; continuous comparison of patient data in the same group was done by using Friedman rank test; multivariate correlation analysis by Logistic regression was conducted to obtain odds ratio( OR). The diagnostic performance of TAT was evaluated by ROC analysis. Kaplan-Meier curve was used to analyze the survival curve, and the hazard ratio (HR) was obtained by Cox proportional hazard regression model. Results:Compared with the healthy control group, the level of plasma TAT in patients with intermittent claudication was significantly higher ( P<0.001); the level of plasma TAT in patients with critical limb ischemia was significantly higher than that in patients with intermittent claudication ( P<0.001). The plasma TAT of patients with Rutherford grade 3 >grade2, grade4 >grade3, and grade6 >grade5 ( P values were 0.038, <0.001, and 0.013, respectively).In the intermittent claudication group, the plasma TAT levels of the patients with restenosis on the 3rd and the 7th day after revascularization were both higher than that of the patients with unobstructed blood flow ( P values were 0.004 and <0.001, respectively); The plasma TAT level of patients with unobstructed blood flow on the 7th day after surgery was lower than that on the 3rd day after surgery and before surgery (both P values <0.001); the plasma TAT level of patients with restenosis on the 7th day after surgery was lower than that on the 3rd day after surgery and higher than before surgery (both P values < 0.001). In the critical limb ischemia group, before surgery, on the 3rd and the 7th day after surgery,the plasma TAT levels of the patients with restenosis were higher than that of the patients with unobstructed blood flow ( P values were 0.001, 0.013, and <0.001, respectively); The plasma TAT level of patients with unobstructed blood flow on the 7th day after surgery was lower than that on the 3rd day after surgery and before surgery (both P values <0.001); the plasma TAT level of patients with restenosis on the 7th day after surgery was lower than that on the 3rd day after surgery ( P<0.001), but was not significantly difference from that before surgery. The ROC analysis showed that the areas under the curve (AUC) of plasma TAT on the 7th day after surgery to predict postoperative restenosis in all the patients, patients with intermittent claudication and those with critical limb ischemia were 0.839, 0.783 and 0.853, respectively. Survival analysis indicated that in the critical limb ischemia group, patients with plasma TAT levels higher than the critical value (≥7.66 ng/ml) on the 7th day after surgery showed significantly higher cumulative risk of restenosis events within 30 days after surgery (Log-rank χ 2=93.674, P<0.001). Cox regression analysis showed that the plasma TAT level on the 7th day after the surgery could be used as an independent indicator to predict the occurrence of restenosis within 30 days after surgery in the critical limb ischemia group ( HR=2.259, P<0.001). Conclusion:Plasma TAT can reflect the hypercoagulable state of ASO patients in different conditions, which is helpful for stratification of disease severity. In addition, TAT is highly sensitive for luminal restenosis after revascularization and can be used as an independent marker for evaluating postoperative restenosis events in patients with critical limb ischemia.

9.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 229-232, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930123

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has certain advantages in the treatment of precancerous lesions of gastric cancer (PLGC) based on the holistic concept and the thought of syndrome differentiation. Currently, it is generally divided into 6 kinds of syndromes: liver and stomach qi stagnation syndrome, liver and stomach heat stagnation syndrome, spleen and stomach weakness syndrome (including spleen and stomach qi deficiency syndrome with coldness), spleen and stomach damp heat syndrome, stomach yin deficiency syndrome and blood stasis in stomach collateral syndrome. Clinically, the doctor should treat PLGC patients according to different syndrome types by using Chinese medicine prescription, which could improve the gastric mucosal pathological state, gastroscopy and clinical symptoms, to rehibit the development of precancerous lesions, reduce the incidence rate of gastric cancer. In the future, the doctors shouldreach the consensus of treating PLGC with TCM diagnosis, and focus on the research of TCM compounds or monomers with obvious curative effect, increase the times of follow-up, and evaluate the long-term curative effect.

10.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 402-407, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885932

ABSTRACT

Objective:Study on the feature of thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT) during traumatic brain injury and the predicting performance with adverse clinical outcomes.Methods:From January 2018 to December 2019, 147 patients with traumatic brain injury(TBI) were enrolled, including 112 males and 35 females, aged 36 (26-48) years old. The plasma levels of TAT were detected on the 0th, 1st, 3rd and 7th day after TBI attack. Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison among multiple groups; Mann-Whitney U test was used for data comparison between the two groups; continuous comparison of patient data in the same group using Friedman rank test; the diagnostic performance of TAT with adverse event risk predicting was evaluated by ROC analysis; Kaplan-Meier curve was used to analyze the survival curve; the risk ratio (HR) was obtained by Cox proportional hazard regression model.Results:Among the patients groups with mild, moderate and severe phenotype, the TAT levels were gradually decreased on the 0th, 1st, 3rd and 7th day after TBI attack(χ 2 values were 95.612, 133.555, and 132.453, respectively, all P values<0.001). The TAT levels on the 0th, 1st, 3rd and 7th day in the adverse event group were higher than in the group of patients with stable condition ( U values were 959.0, 321.0, 36.0 and 1.0 respectively, all P values<0.001). In the stable condition group, the TAT levels on the 0th and 1st day in the severe group were higher than in the mild group ( U values were 0 and 1.0 respectively, both P values<0.001), while there was no statistically significant difference of TAT levels between the 3rd and 7th day in the severe group ( U values were 342.5 and 272.5, P values were 0.486 and 0.065 respectively). The TAT levels of the moderate group on 0th and 1st day were higher than those of the mild group ( U values were 0 and 280.0, respectively, both P<0.001), while there was no significant difference between the TAT levels on the 3rd and 7th day ( U values were 628.0 and 647.0, P values were 0.826 and 0.996, respectively). ROC curves analysis showed that when the TAT diagnostic thresholds were 68.75 ng/ml, 29.05 ng/ml, 17.25 ng/ml and 13.85 ng/ml on the 0th, 1st, 3rd and 7th day, the diagnostic sensitivities of predicting adverse events were 86.8%, 94.3%, 100% and 100%; while the diagnostic specificities were 71.3%, 78.7%, 91.5% and 96.8%, respectively. Survival analysis showed that the cumulative probability of adverse outcomes was significantly higher in patients above the critical value. Cox analysis showed that the HR on the 0th, 1st, 3rd and 7th day to predict adverse clinical outcomes by TAT levels were 1.818, 2.257, 3.526 and 4.813, respectively ( P value<0.001). Conclusion:There was strong relationship between the plasma TAT level and the severity of the patient′s condition, and persistent increasing with TAT level could reflect the risk of adverse events, which could be used as an effective index to comprehensively predicting the development tendency of the TBI patient′s condition.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1561-1565, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To perform dried blood spots thalassemia gene detection in patients with positive blood phenotypes by microarray technology, and evaluate its value in clinical detection.@*METHODS@#DNA samples were extracted from dried blood spots of 410 patients. Microarray technology was used to detect 3 deletion and 3 non-deletion types of α-thalassemia and 19 β-thalassemia point mutations which were common gene mutions in China.@*RESULTS@#There were 357 positive cases in all the 410 tested samples with the positive rate 87.07%, among which 299 cases (72.93%) carried deletion or point mutations of α-thalassemia, 29 cases (7.07%) carried point mutations of β-thalassemia and 29 cases (7.07%) carried gene mutations of complex αβ-thalassemia syndrome. The mutations of α-thalassemia were involved with --@*CONCLUSION@#The most common genetic mutations are --


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Mutation , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1907-1910, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922222

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To proceed the clinical evaluation of DNA microarray for thalassemia gene detection.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of 166 thalassemia gene test subjects were collected and tested for thalassemia genes by microarray chip method and Gap-PCR method combined with PCR-reverse dot blot hybridization method according to double-blind control test. The specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and total coincidence rate of the microarray chip method were evaluated. When the two methods were inconsistent, multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was used to verify the deletional α-thalassemia.@*RESULTS@#Compared with Gap-PCR method, specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, Youden index, and total coincidence rate of microarray chip method was 100% (70/70), 96.88% (93/96), 100% (93/93), 95.89% (70/73), 0.969, and 97.59% (162/166), respectively, while compared with PCR-reverse dot blot hybridization method was 100% (125/125), 100% (41/41), 100% (41/41), 100% (125/125), 1, and 100% (166/166), respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The microarray chip method for α-thalassemia gene detection shows the advantages of high specificity, sensitivity, and throughput.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genetic Testing , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 626-632, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879904

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the mental health status of primary school students and the factors influencing the mental health status during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic.@*METHODS@#Online questionnaire surveys were conducted among 3 600 primary school students aged 6-12 years in Jilin Province, China in April, 2020 (during the epidemic) and 3 089 primary school students in September, 2020 (during the regular epidemic prevention and control). The general information and the data related to the Mental Health Scale for Child and Adolescent were collected by the questionnaire surveys. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the factors influencing the mental health status of the students during the epidemic.@*RESULTS@#The students during the epidemic had a significantly poorer mental health status in the emotional experience and volitional behavior than those during the regular epidemic prevention and control (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The COVID-19 epidemic has a certain impact on emotional experience and volitional behavior of primary school students. During the epidemic, particular attention should be paid to the mental health of primary school students, especially girls, younger students, and students from single-parent families, extended families or families with impatient parents and improper parental education.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Epidemics , Health Status , SARS-CoV-2 , Schools , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires
14.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 292-297, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of adipose tissue decellularized matrix hydrogel (DAT-gel) on the repair of sciatic nerve defect in rats.Methods:From April, 2019 to April, 2020, aseptic granular adipose tissue was collected from healthy adult women who underwent thigh or abdominal liposuction in the Department of Plastic Surgery, the First Medical Centre of the PLA General Hospital. Decellularisation and enzymatic digestion of adipose tissue were performed to prepare DAT-gel. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to observe the ultrastructure of the hydrogel, and rheology was employed to test the gel dynamics and viscoelasticity of the hydrogel. A rat model of sciatic nerve defect was established and randomly divided into 3 groups: simple chitin catheter group (Chitin group), DAT-gel plus chitin catheter group (DAT-gel group) and autologous nerve reverse connection group (Autograft group) with 10 rats in each group. At the 12th week after surgery, the general view, function and morphology of the regenerated nerve were observed to evaluate the repairing status of the injured nerve. One-way analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA) was used for data analysis. If the difference between the groups was statistically significant, the Turkey method was further used for pairwise comparison. P<0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results:The results of SEM showed that the DAT-gel had a three-dimensional structure in porous fibre network. The results of rheological test results showed that the complex viscosity of the hydrogel at 4 ℃ and 37 ℃ were 148.91 mPa·s and 801.29 mPa·s, respectively. DAT-gel underwent a sol-gel phase transition when the temperature had been increased. The results showed that DAT-gel had a good temperature-sensitive effect, and its critical point of sol-gel phase transition was similar to the internal temperature of rat. The results of animal experiments showed that the morphology and function of the regenerated nerve in the DAT-gel group were superior to Chitin group at 12 weeks after surgery, according to macroscopic view of the regenerated nerve, electrophysiology of the nerve, the morphology of the new axon and the target muscle, etc.. There was statistically significant between groups ( P<0.05). Conclusion:DAT-gel can significantly promote a repair of sciatic nerve defects in rats.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 67-71, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911179

ABSTRACT

Hormone-sensitive prostate cancer with visceral metastasis is a difficulty in clinical diagnosis and treatment. We treated a patient with hormone-sensitive prostate cancer with visceral metastasis and managed it under the multi-disciplinary treatment model (MDT). A 55-year-old man presented to the hospital complaining of increased prostate-specific antigen (PSA) found in the physical examination for 2 days. At admission, the PSA was 389.2ng/ml, and 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT showed metastatic malignant lesions of the prostate, with lymph node metastasis, lumbar vertebral metastases and liver tubercles. Transrectal prostate puncture biopsy: prostate adenocarcinoma, Gleason score of 4+ 5=9. The patient has no history of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and diagnosed as metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). Then the patient received total androgen blockade therapy (CAB regimen). After MDT discussion, metastatic prostate cancer was diagnosed based on the liver histopathology of percutaneous biopsy. After the second MDT discussion, the regimen was changed to abirone plus ADT. After 6 months, the blood PSA was controlled at a level between 0.003 to 0.006 ng/ml, and the testosterone was less than 2.5ng/dl. Re-examination of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT showed that lower signal of radionuclide in all lesions, especially no more abnormal uptake lesions were identified in the liver.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 63-66, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911178

ABSTRACT

We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristic of one patient with metastatic prostate cancer and the relative literatures were reviewed. A 40-year-old man was admitted and diagnosed as prostate cancer on March 20, 2018(T 4N 1M 1a) with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) at 47.99 ng/ml. The first 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT showed multiple nodular lesions in the bilateral peripheral bands of the prostate, multiple nodular lesions in the right apex, abnormal uptake of nuclides in multiple lymph nodes in the abdominal aortic wandering zone, the abdominal aortic bifurcation zone, and the bilateral iliac artery wandering zone at the level of the lumbar 2-5 vertebral body, and metastasis was considered. The patient was treated with six cycles of drug castration combined with antiandrogenic treatment and pre-operative system chemotherapy(docetaxel). Six months later, the PSA decreased to 0.225ng/ml. Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy and expanded pelvic lymph node dissection was performed. Postoperative total androgen blocking therapy was maintained, and PSA slowly increased. Ten months after operation, salvage radiotherapy for enlarged lymph nodes was performed in pelvic extension field, prostate tumor bed area and pelvic cavity. PSA remained stable for 7 months postradiotherapy, and then increased. The patient developed castration-resistant prostate cancer and was treated with triptorelin combined with abiraterone. PSA was decreased, and local radiotherapy was performed for new lymph node metastases in the neck. 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT could provide a decision-making basis for accurate clinical staging, therapeutic effect evaluation and distant metastatic lesions location with guiding value for the formulation of individualized treatment plans.

17.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1331-1338, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894682

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate urologist satisfaction on structured prostate MRI reports, including report with tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging (report B) and with Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) score with/without TNM staging (report C, report with PI-RADS score only [report C-a] and report with PI-RADS score and TNM staging [C-b]) compared with conventional free-text report (report A). @*Materials and Methods@#This was a prospective comparative study. Altogether, 3015 prostate MRI reports including reports A, B, C-a, and C-b were rated by 13 urologists using a 5-point Likert Scale. A questionnaire was used to assess urologist satisfaction based on the following parameters: correctness, practicality, and urologist subjectivity. Kruskal-Wallis H-test followed by Nemenyi test was used to compare urologists’ satisfaction parameters for each report type. The rate of urologist-radiologist recalls for each report type was calculated. @*Results@#Reports B and C including its subtypes had higher ratings of satisfaction than report A for overall satisfaction degree, and parameters of correctness, practicality, and subjectivity (p 0.05). Compared with report C-b (p > 0.05), report B and C-a (p 0.05). No statistical difference was found between report C-a and C-b in overall satisfaction degree and all three parameters (p > 0.05). The rate of urologist-radiologist recalls for reports A, B, C-a and C-b were 29.1%, 10.8%, 18.1% and 11.2%, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Structured reports, either using TNM or PI-RADS are highly preferred over conventional free-text reports and lead to fewer report-related post-hoc inquiries from urologists.

18.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 501-504, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869412

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation between the Rivaroxaban concentration and bleeding events in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation(NVAF).Methods:This was a retrospective study.According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 369 patients with NVAF taking Rivaroxaban admitted to Beijing Hospital or Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from January 2018 to June 2019 were enrolled.Clinical data including sex, height, weight, liver and kidney function, drug valley concentrations and peak concentrations, doses, CHADS2 scores and bleeding events after 6 months of medication were recorded.Results:The average drug valley concentration was (44.92±38.39) mg/L, the average drug peak concentration was (226.96±139.34) mg/L, and the average CHADS2 score was (2.8±1.2). Among the 369 patients, 22 had bleeding events.The peak drug concentration and valley drug concentration were similar between those with or without bleeding events( P=0.324 and 0.960, respectively). With the increase of age, the peak drug concentration and valley drug concentration were significantly elevated(all P<0.001). In addition, compared with those without bleeding events, patients with bleeding events had a significantly higher average valley concentration( P=0.009), valley/dose ratio( P=0.001), peak/dose ratio( P=0.028)and similar peak drug concentration( P=0.360). Conclusions:Age affects the peak and valley drug concentration of Rivaroxaban, especially for the elderly, who should be given appropriately reduced doses.Monitoring the peak and valley drug concentration is of great significance for patients at high-risk for bleeding.

19.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 808-812, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867146

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between serum matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9) level and vascular cognitive impairment with no dementia (VCIND) in patients with cerebral small vessel diseases (CSVD).Methods:A total of 374 patients with CSVD treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University from January 2016 to January 2020 were collected and 150 healthy subjects in the same period were used as general data of the control group. All subjects were detected for serum MMP-9 level using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and received cognitive function scoring using Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA). The 374 patients with CSVD were divided into the Group A(186 cases with vascular cognitive impairment with no dementia) and the Group B(188 cases without cognitive impairment). The general data, serum MMP-9 level and cognitive function score were compared among the three groups and the correlation between MMP-9 level and cognitive function was analyzed.Results:The MMP-9 levels of Groups A and B ( (335.10±105.10)μg/L, (261.62±80.32)μg/L) were higher than those of the control group ( (168.23±48.85)μg/L), and the MMP-9 level of Group A was higher than that of Group B ( P<0.05). The MoCA scores of Groups A and B ( (18.45±5.24), (28.31±1.52) ) were lower than those of the control group (29.49±0.90), and the MoCA scores of Group A were lower than those of Group B ( P<0.05). The serum MMP-9 level, a risk factor for VCIND in patients with CSVD ( β=1.505, OR=1.323, 95% CI=1.149-1.527, P<0.05), was negatively correlated with total score of MoCA scale, visual-spatial and executive function, naming, language, abstract thinking, delayed recall, and directive force factor score ( r=-0.299, r=-0.155, r=-0.383, r=-0.358, r=-0.192, r=-0.259, r=-0.246 respectively, all P<0.05). Conclusion:The increased level of MMP-9 may be a risk factor of VCIND in CSVD patients, and it is closely related to cognitive impairment.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 42-48, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872918

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of arsenic trioxide combined with dihydroartemisinin on proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis of THP-1 cells, and explore the mechanism. Method:The thiazolyl blue (MTT) method was applied to detect the effect of different concentrations of arsenic trioxide, dihydroartemisinin and arsenic trioxide combined with dihydroartemisinin on the proliferation of THP-1 cells. Annexin V/propidium iodide(PI)assay was used to detect the change of THP-1 cell cycle and apoptosis.Western blot was performed to assess the expression of cysteine protease-3(Caspase-3), cleaved Caspase-3, B-lymphocytoma-2(Bcl-2) and Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax). The changes of cell morphology were observed under high intension microscope. Result:Compared with blank group, arsenic trioxide and dihydroartemisinin both exhibited obvious antiproliferative effect on the human acute monocytic leukemia cell line THP-1 in time-dose dependence (P<0.01). After 48 h, compared with the same dose of arsenic trioxide or that of dihydroartemisinin alone, the inhibition effect of 1 µmol·L-1 arsenic trioxide combined with 2 µmol·L-1 dihydroartemisinin on proliferation of THP-1 cells was significantly stronger (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, arsenic trioxide combined with dihydroartemisinin significantly arrested the cells in G1 phase (P<0.01), induced the downregulation of Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 (P<0.01) and upregulation of cleaved Caspase-3 significantly(P<0.05). Conclusion:Arsenic trioxide combined with dihydroartemisinin can significantly inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of THP-1 cells. The possible mechanism may be related to arrest the cells in G1 phase, reduce the expression of Caspase-3 and Bcl-2, increase the expression of cleaved Caspase-3.

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