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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923471

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the development, hot spots and trends of event-related potentials for cognitive function research. Methods The literatures about application of event-related potentials in cognitive function research from 2011 to 2021 in CNKI and Web of Science core collection database were retrieved. The countries, authors, institutions, cited reference and keywords were extracted with CiteSpace to draw knowledge mapping. Results The most of researches came from the United States. For China, the author published the most researches was Zhan Xianghong, and the institute was the West China Mental Health Center of Sichuan University; the keywords such as P300 and depression were the most frequent, and researches focused on Alzheimer's disease, depression and schizophrenia, etc., which tended to use negative correlation changes of event-related potentials. Internationally, the author publishing the most researches was christian beste, and the institute was University of California, San Diego. The keywords such as attention and electroencephalograph were the most frequent, and researches focused on Alzheimer's disease and bipolar disorder, etc., which tended to focus on the P300 theta oscillation. Conclusion The application of event-related potential in cognitive function remains heat, to explore the cognitive dysfunction after various diseases.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1220-1223, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929511

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the safety and effectiveness of four-valve technique in the improved conjunctivo-dacryocystorhinostomy. METHODS: Retrospective clinical study. A total of 28 patients(28 eyes)who were treated in our hospital from September 2017 to June 2020 with lacrimal disease were selected as the research subjects. These patients were treated with conjunctivo-dacryocystorhinostomy. Postoperative follow-up was performed for 6-12mo to observe the surgical effect, satisfaction and postoperative complications.RESULTS: The positive rate of fluorescein sodium dye excretion test after surgery in this group of patients was 96%(27/28), the success rate of surgery was 96%(27/28), the cure rate was 68%(19/28), the improvement rate was 28%(8/28), the ineffective rate was 4%(1/28)and the overall satisfaction of patients was 93%(26/28). The postoperative complications included ocular foreign body sensation(28 eyes), conjunctival hyperemia(11 eyes), nasal cavity and conjunctival sac bleeding(8 eyes)and lacrimal passage tube out(1 eye). CONCLUSION: The four-valve technique is used to improve the conjunctivo-dacryocystorhinostomy with high success rate, less complications, safety and effectiveness.

3.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E079-E084, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920672

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the gait characteristics of hip disarticulation amputees, and analyze the reasons for their differences from normal gait, so as to assist clinical diagnosis and evaluation. Methods Through the portable human motion capture device and plantar pressure analysis system, the kinematics and plantar pressure information of 5 hip amputees were collected and compared with 15 healthy volunteers in control group. Gait differences between the amputees and normal subjects and between the affected leg side and the healthy leg side of the amputees were compared. Results The proportion of double-support period for hip amuptees was higher than that of normal gait. Step length, step time, loading response period, mid support period, pre-swing period, proportion of the swing period for the affected leg side and healthy leg side of hip amputees showed significant differences with those of control group. The relative symmetry index of the gait for hip amputees was 0.60±0.05. Compared with the affected leg side, the support period of the healthy leg side was extended, the step length was shortened, the ground reaction force was greater than that of the affected leg side, and the center of pressure trajectory shifted to the affected leg side. Conclusions The gait of hip amputees is significantly different from that of normal people. Hip amputees have weak walking ability, poor gait symmetry, and they lack of continuity in the body’s center of gravity. The results provide experimental basis and theoretical analysis for the design of mechanical structure and control system of novel hip prosthesis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940600

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the effects of different plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) on the growth of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis seedlings and the quality of its medicinal parts, in order to provide reference for the cultivation of high-quality P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. MethodThe pot culture experiment at room temperature and the single-factor completely random design were employed for exploring the effects of five PGPR on physiological characteristics and inorganic elements of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. ResultThe results showed that the exogenous inoculation of different PGPR promoted the growth and development of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis to varying degrees, delayed the senescence of leaves, and improved the medicinal value of new and old rhizomes. Compared with the non-inoculated control, the exogenous inoculation of compound microbial fertilizer (FH) and microbial agent Sanju Guanjin liquid (SJ) enhanced the root vigor, increased the content of photosynthetic pigments and the activities of anti-oxidant enzymes [superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and peroxidase (POD)], and reduced the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in leaves. Their inhibition rates against MDA were 10.46%-39.62% and 20.99%-53.12%, respectively. With the growth of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis, the inhibition rate against MDA gradually increased, which effectively delayed the senescence of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis leaves. In addition, the exogenous inoculation of different PGPR promoted the accumulation of nutrient elements in new and old rhizomes, lowered the heavy metal content to varying degrees, and improved the medicinal value of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis rhizomes. ConclusionFH and SJ have exhibited the best promoting effect on the growth of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis seedlings and also the best regulatory effect on the medicinal value of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis rhizomes, which has provided reference for the application and promotion of PGPR in the growth of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis.

5.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 490-512, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939864

ABSTRACT

LIN28 is an RNA binding protein with important roles in early embryo development, stem cell differentiation/reprogramming, tumorigenesis and metabolism. Previous studies have focused mainly on its role in the cytosol where it interacts with Let-7 microRNA precursors or mRNAs, and few have addressed LIN28's role within the nucleus. Here, we show that LIN28 displays dynamic temporal and spatial expression during murine embryo development. Maternal LIN28 expression drops upon exit from the 2-cell stage, and zygotic LIN28 protein is induced at the forming nucleolus during 4-cell to blastocyst stage development, to become dominantly expressed in the cytosol after implantation. In cultured pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), loss of LIN28 led to nucleolar stress and activation of a 2-cell/4-cell-like transcriptional program characterized by the expression of endogenous retrovirus genes. Mechanistically, LIN28 binds to small nucleolar RNAs and rRNA to maintain nucleolar integrity, and its loss leads to nucleolar phase separation defects, ribosomal stress and activation of P53 which in turn binds to and activates 2C transcription factor Dux. LIN28 also resides in a complex containing the nucleolar factor Nucleolin (NCL) and the transcriptional repressor TRIM28, and LIN28 loss leads to reduced occupancy of the NCL/TRIM28 complex on the Dux and rDNA loci, and thus de-repressed Dux and reduced rRNA expression. Lin28 knockout cells with nucleolar stress are more likely to assume a slowly cycling, translationally inert and anabolically inactive state, which is a part of previously unappreciated 2C-like transcriptional program. These findings elucidate novel roles for nucleolar LIN28 in PSCs, and a new mechanism linking 2C program and nucleolar functions in PSCs and early embryo development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Embryo, Mammalian/metabolism , Embryonic Development , Mice , Pluripotent Stem Cells/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Zygote/metabolism
6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 338-343, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935536

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the prevalence and frequencies of human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes in cervical adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS). Methods: The cases of cervical AIS with concurrent tests of cytology and HPV typing from January 2007 to February 2020 in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University were collected and analyzed. Results: A total of 478 cases of cervical AIS were obtained. The average age of the patients was 39.4 years (range, 19-81 years). The largest age group was 30-39 years (44.8%), followed by 40-49 years (34.7%). Among the 478 patients, 355 underwent high-risk HPV (hrHPV) testing and had a hrHPV-positive rate of 93.8%. Of the 355 patients, 277 also underwent HPV typing and were mostly positive for either or both HPV16 and HPV18 (93.1%), with 55.6% positive for HPV18 and 48.7% positive for HPV16. Among the 478 cases, 266 cases (55.6%) were diagnosed with both AIS and squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL), while 212 cases (44.4%) were diagnosed with only AIS. Patients infected with HPV16 in the AIS and SIL group significantly outnumbered those in the AIS alone group (P<0.05). Moreover, the rate of positive cytology was 55.9% (167/299 cases), while that of negative cytology was 44.1% (132/299). Among the 109 patients with negative cytology results and co-tested hrHPV, there were 101 HPV-positive cases (92.7%), of which 88 cases were subject to HPV typing and showed an HPV16/18 positive rate of 94.3% (83/88 cases). Conclusions: The combination of HPV typing and cytological screening can maximize the detection rate of cervical AIS, and should continue to be utilized, ideally on a larger scale, in the future.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma in Situ/epidemiology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Human papillomavirus 16/genetics , Human papillomavirus 18/genetics , Humans , Middle Aged , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Prevalence , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Young Adult
7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 319-325, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935533

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of pediatric diffuse midline glioma with H3K27 alteration and to analyze their relationship with prognosis. Methods: Forty-one cases of childhood diffuse midline glioma with H3K27 alteration were collected at Children's Hospital of Fudan University (39 cases) and Xi'an Children's Hospital (2 cases), from July 2016 to July 2020. The clinical manifestations, imaging data, histopathology, immunohistochemical phenotype and molecular genetics features, tumor size, site and histological grading were evaluated. Results: Among the 41 cases, 21 were males and 20 females, the age of onset was 3-14 years, the average and median age was 7.6 years and 7.0 years, respectively. The tumor sites were brain stem (n=36) and other locations (n=5). The clinical manifestations were dizziness, gait disturbance, and limb weakness, etc. The MRI features were variable. The histology varied from low-grade to high-grade glioma with neuron differentiation. Immunohistochemistry showed that the tumor cells expressed H3K27M, GFAP, and Olig2. Genetic study showed that 76% (16/21) of tumors had H3F3A gene mutation, mostly accompanied by TP53 (62%, 13/21) missense mutation; five tumors (24%, 5/21) had HIST1H3B gene mutation, accompanied by missense mutations in ACVR1 and PI3K pathway-related gene PIK3CA (4/5) and PIK3R1 (1/5) mutations. The prognosis was dismal with only one alive and others died. The average and median overall survival time was 7 months and 4 months, respectively. Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that age, tumor location, radiologically maximum tumor diameter, histologic grading, and surgical methods were not significantly associated with overall survival rate (P>0.05). Conclusions: Pediatric diffuse midline gliomas with H3K27 alteration have unique clinicopathological and genetic characteristics. The prognosis is poor. The tumor location and histopathologic grading are not related to prognosis. New specific drugs and comprehensive treatment are needed to improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Brain Neoplasms/genetics , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Glioma/pathology , Histones/genetics , Humans , Male , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Prognosis
8.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 92-96, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934635

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive effect of intraoperative selective lymph node frozen pathological examination on central lymph node metastasis in thyroid papillary carcinoma (PTC).Methods:A total of 721 PTC patients who underwent primary radical thyroidectomy and central lymph node dissection in Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2015 to June 2019 were selected. All patients underwent intraoperative selective lymph node frozen pathological examination. According to the paraffin section pathological diagnosis results, there were 449 cases of thyroid micropapillary carcinoma (PTMC) and 272 cases of non-PTMC. The association of the frozen pathological examination results of intraoperative prelaryngeal lymph nodes, anterior tracheal lymph nodes and paratracheal lymph nodes with the pathological results of postoperative central lymph nodes was analyzed in all patients and those with central lymph node positive confirmed by postoperative pathological examination in different groups stratified by tumor long diameter, including 192 cases in PTMC group, 142 cases in long diameter >1 cm and <2 cm group and 55 cases in long diameter ≥2 cm group; postoperative paraffin pathological results were treated as the gold standard. The sensitivity and false negative rate of intraoperative frozen pathological examination in the diagnosis of central lymph node metastasis were calculated.Results:There were 42.8% (192/449) and 72.4% (197/272) of PTMC patients and non-PTMC patients with central lymph node metastasis, respectively. Among 192 PTMC patients with central lymph node metastasis, the sensitivity of prelaryngeal lymph nodes, paratracheal lymph nodes and anterior tracheal lymph nodes was 28.1% (47/167), 61.4% (70/114) and 53.8% (91/169), respectively based on the intraoperative frozen pathological diagnosis. The sensitivity and false negative rate of intraoperative frozen pathological examination in the diagnosis of central lymph node metastasis was 72.4% (139/192) and 27.6% (53/192), respectively. Among 197 non-PTMC patients with central lymph node metastasis, the sensitivity of prelaryngeal lymph nodes, paratracheal lymph nodes and anterior tracheal lymph nodes was 49.7% (82/165), 51.6% (96/186) and 64.7% (112/173), respectively based on the intraoperative frozen pathological results. The sensitivity and false negative rate of intraoperative frozen pathological examination in the diagnosis of central lymph node metastasis was 84.8% (167/197) and 15.2% (30/197), respectively. The sensitivity of intraoperative lymph node frozen pathological results in the diagnosis of central lymph node metastasis for patients with thyroid capsule involvement in PTMC group, long diameter > 1 cm and < 2 cm group and long diameter ≥ 2 cm group was 81.7% (116/142), 81.7% (103/126) and 92.2% (47/51), respectively.Conclusions:Cervical central lymph node metastasis of PTC is common. Intraoperative frozen pathological examination of prelaryngeal lymph nodes, anterior tracheal lymph nodes and paratracheal lymph nodes can effectively predict whether the central lymph nodes are involved, and this hint is more obvious when the tumor long diameter is more than 2 cm and the thyroid capsule is involved.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 182-187, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932497

ABSTRACT

Objective:To comparative analyze mammographic and clinicopathological findings of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and DCIS with microinvasion (DCISM), and to investigate the predictive factors for DCISM.Methods:A total of 626 patients with DCISM and DCIS confirmed by surgery and pathology in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2016 to July 2020 were collected and underwent preoperative mammography. The X-ray findings of DCISM and DCIS patients were classified and diagnosed according to the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) criteria. The differences in clinicopathological and radiographic findings between DCISM and DCIS patients were analyzed using χ 2 test or Fisher exact test. The risk factors of DCISM were evaluated by using univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis. Results:Among the 626 cases, 171 were diagnosed as DCISM, 455 were diagnosed as DCIS. Large diameter (≥2.7 cm), high nuclear grade, comedo type, axillary lymph node metastasis, high Ki67 proliferation index, negativity of estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor were found to be predictors of DCISM in the univariate analysis (all P<0.05). And large diameter (≥2.7 cm)(OR 2.229,95% CI 1.505-3.301, P<0.001), high nuclear grade(OR 1.711,95%CI 1.018-2.875, P=0.043) and axillary lymph node metastasis(OR 4.140,95% CI 1.342-12.773, P=0.013) were found to be independent predictors of DCISM in the multivariate analysis (all P<0.05). Mammographically, the lesion types, the presence and distribution of calcification were statistically significant between DCIS and DCISM patients (χ 2=17.42, 9.65, 9.10, P<0.05). Up to 17.6% (80/455) of DCIS were occult leisions, and DCISM showed more lesions with calcification in mass, asymmetry, and architectural distortion (49.1%, 84/171). Grouped calcifications were usually associated with DCIS (41.5%, 120/289), while regional calcification were commonly found in DCISM (35.9%, 47/131). Conclusions:Lesions with calcification and regional calcification were more likely associated with DCISM on mammography. Large diameter (≥2.7 cm), high nuclear grade and axillary lymph node metastasis were found to be independent predictors of DCISM.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931328

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of 3D video thoracoscopic surgery combined with 3D CTBA (three-dimensional computed tomography bronchography and angiography) method in clinical education practice of the undergraduates.Methods:The study included in 60 undergraduate clinical interns from our hospital, and they were randomly divided into the experimental group ( n=30) and control group ( n=30). The teaching content was diagnosis and surgical treatment of lung cancer. The experimental group applied 3D video thoracoscopic surgery combined with 3D CTBA teaching method. The interns studied the anatomy of lung and diagnosis of lung cancer based on the 3DCTBA and visited the operation of lung cancer under 3D thoracoscopy, which enhanced their knowledge of anatomical structure of lung. The control group applied traditional thoracoscopic surgery for lung cancer. Upon termination of clinic practice, all interns were tested with theoretical and clinical knowledge of lung cancer. A questionnaire survey was conducted among them to access the teaching effect. SPSS 18.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:The scores of theory test were not significantly different between two groups. The scores of anatomic and operational knowledge of lung in the experimental group were significantly higher compared with the control group ( P<0.05). Questionnaire result showed that new teaching method could promote the interest in learning, motivated the desire for thoracic surgery, and improved the comprehension of clinical knowledge. More students approved the new teaching method. Conclusion:The new method, 3D video thoracoscopic surgery combined with 3D CTBA, has beneficial effect on clinical interns, which contributes to inspire the motivation and interest of learning and deepen clinic knowledge, and is a promising teaching method worthy of further exploration and application.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931168

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of transbronchial lung cryobiopsy guided by endobronchial ultrasound sheath (EBUS-GS-TBCB) in diagnosis of nonresolving pneumonias.Methods:Sixty patients with nonresolving pneumonias from March 2019 to July 2020 in Dalian Municipal Central Hospital were selected. The patients were divided into EBUS-GS-TBCB group (31 cases) and transbronchial forcep lung biopsy guided by endobronchial ultrasound sheath(EBUS-GS-TBLB) group (29 cases) by random digits table method.Results:The diagnostic rate of nonresolving pneumonias in EBUS-GS-TBCB group was significantly higher than that in EBUS-GS-TBLB group: 87.10% (27/31) vs. 65.52% (19/29), and there was statistical difference ( χ2 = 3.90, P = 0.048). There were no statistical difference in sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value between 2 groups ( P>0.05). There were no statistical difference inthe shortest distance from lesions to pleura, incidence of pneumothorax and incidence of bleeding between EBUS-GS-TBCB group and EBUS-GS-TBLB group: (27.42 ± 2.88) mm vs. (27.01 ± 2.37) mm, 6.45%(2/31) vs. 3.45%(1/29) and 22.58%(7/31) vs. 13.79% (4/29), P>0.05. Among the causes of nonresolving pneumonias, infectious factors accounted for 21.67% (13/60), non infectious factors accounted for 66.67% (40/60), and uncertain causes accounted for 11.67% (7/60). Conclusions:The diagnostic rate of EBUS-GS-TBCB in nonresolving pneumonias is significantly higher than EBUS-GS-TBLB, and the complications such as bleeding and pneumothorax do not increase significantly.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930690

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of white noise reduction earplugs combined with eye mask on the sleep quality of ICU patients.Methods:A total of 136 patients who were hospitalized in the ICU ward of the Second People′s Hospital of Liaocheng from April to November 2019 were selected and divided into 3 groups according to the random number table method. Group 1 (3M earplug + eye mask, 45 cases), group 2 (white noise reduction earplug + eye mask, 46 cases), and group 3 (control group, 45 cases). On the first night after enrollment, all patients were given routine care only. On the second and third nights, group 1 was given 3M ear plugs and eye masks, group 2 was given white noise reduction earplugs and eye masks, and group 3 was given routine care only. On the morning of the second and fourth day, patients′ baseline Richards Campbell Sleep Questionnaire (RCSQ), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) scores were assessed.Results:After the intervention, the sleep depth, sleep latency, wake at night, return to sleep, sleep quality, nocturnal subjective noise perception and total score in RCSQ in group 1 were (55.98 ± 19.65), (57.66 ± 19.56), (55.68 ± 16.25), (58.17 ± 11.32), (60.54 ± 16.33), (60.65 ± 12.58), (57.60 ± 17.21) respectively, in group 2 were (56.65 ± 18.36),(61.33 ± 20.33), (65.35 ± 23.22), (60.36 ± 19.35), (63.78 ± 20.36), (66.56 ± 10.21) and (61.49 ± 17.52), in group 3 were (45.96 ± 17.79), (48.36 ± 13.65), (48.21 ± 13.49), (51.36 ± 13.65), (51.33 ± 16.45), (43.06 ± 17.15) and (49.04 ± 15.32). There were statistically significant differences in each dimension and its total scores among the three groups (F values were 4.33-8.35, all P<0.05). Compared with group 3, each dimension and total scores of groups 1 and group 2 were higher than those of group 3, and the differences were statistically significant (t values were 2.37-7.96, all P<0.05). After the intervention, the SAS score of group 2 was (43.32 ± 21.68), which was lower than that of group 1 (57.75 ± 22.68) and group 3 (60.65 ± 19.88), and the difference were statistically significant (t=3.09, 3.99, both P<0.05).Conclusions:3M earplugs or white noise reduction earplugs combined with eye masks can effectively improve the sleep quality of ICU patients, and white noise reduction earplugs combined with eye masks can also relieve the anxiety of patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930505

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of anaphylaxis, which is underdiagnosed and undertreated, has been increasing recently.It was reported that about one fourth of anaphylaxis patients were children and there were some critical gaps in the initial treatment of anaphylaxis, including epinephrine use, when compared to the guidelines.Since most of anaphylaxis cases happen outside of medical institutions, and could recur unexpectedly, it is important for children with anaphylaxis to get long-term management.In order to improve management of anaphylaxis, a written China Children′s Anaphylaxis Emergency Action Plan (CCAEAP) is developed.It is a tool for children and parents/caregiver to recognize the symptoms and signs of anaphylaxis as early as possible and take proper action immediately, including using a predefined dose of intramuscular epinephrine and accessing to emergency department.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930480

ABSTRACT

The diagnosis of food allergy in children is one hotspot attracting people′s attention in recent years.The incidence of it shows an increasing trend which exposes problems in the understanding of children′s food allergy in China, especially in the misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.To further standardize the diagnosis and treatment of food allergy in children, based on the current domestic, foreign guidelines and relevant research evidence, the guideline recommends 16 clinical hot-button issues in the 4 aspects of diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and prevention.Finally, a diagnosis flowchart has been formulated.The guideline aims to improve the standard diagnosis and treatment of food allergies in children in China.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 272-278, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929635

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish an intramedullary transplantation model of primary megakaryocytes to evaluate the platelet-producing capacity of megakaryocytes and explore the underlying regulatory mechanisms. Methods: Donor megakaryocytes from GFP-transgenic mice bone marrow were enriched by magnetic beads. The platelet-producing model was established by intramedullary injection to recipient mice that underwent half-lethal dose irradiation 1 week in advance. Donor-derived megakaryocytes and platelets were detected by immunofluorescence staining and flow cytometry. Results: The proportion of megakaryocytes in the enriched sample for transplantation was 40 to 50 times higher than that in conventional bone marrow. After intramedullary transplantation, donor-derived megakaryocytes successfully implanted in the medullary cavity of the recipient and produce platelets, which showed similar expression of surface markers and morphology to recipient-derived platelets. Conclusion: We successfully established an in vivo platelet-producing model of primary megakaryocytes using magnetic-bead enrichment and intramedullary injection, which objectively reflects the platelet-producing capacity of megakaryocytes in the bone marrow.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Platelets , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Humans , Megakaryocytes/metabolism , Mice
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928627

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the influence of enteral feeding initiation time on intestinal flora and metabolites in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.@*METHODS@#A total of 29 VLBW infants who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, from June to December, 2020, were enrolled as subjects. According to the enteral feeding initiation time after birth, the infants were divided into two groups: <24 hours (n=15) and 24-72 hours (n=14). Fecal samples were collected at weeks 2 and 4 of hospitalization, and 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry were used to analyze the microflora and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) respectively in fecal samples.@*RESULTS@#The analysis of microflora showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups in Chao index (reflecting the abundance of microflora) and Shannon index (reflecting the diversity of microflora) at weeks 2 and 4 after birth (P>0.05). The analysis of flora composition showed that there was no significant difference in the main microflora at the phylum and genus levels between the two groups at weeks 2 and 4 after birth (P>0.05). The comparison of SCFAs between the two groups showed that the <24 hours group had a significantly higher level of propionic acid than the 24-72 hours group at week 4 (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the total amount of SCFAs and the content of the other SCFAs between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early enteral feeding has no influence on the diversity and abundance of intestinal flora in VLBW infants, but enteral feeding within 24 hours can increase the level of propionic acid, a metabolite of intestinal flora.


Subject(s)
Child , Enteral Nutrition/methods , Fatty Acids, Volatile , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Propionates , Prospective Studies
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928422

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical phenotype and genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree suspected for branchiootic syndrome (BOS).@*METHODS@#The proband was subjected to target-capture high-throughput sequencing to detect potential variant of deafness-associated genes. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing of the family members.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to harbor a c.1627C>T (p.Gln543Ter) nonsense variant of the EYA1 gene. Sanger sequencing confirmed that all of the 4 patients with the BOS phenotype from the pedigree have harbored the same heterozygous variant. Based on the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the variant was predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PS+PP3+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#The c.1627C>T (p.Gln543Ter) variant of the EYA1 gene probably underlay the BOS phenotype in this pedigree. Above finding has provided a basis for its clinical diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Branchio-Oto-Renal Syndrome , China , Humans , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Pedigree , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases/genetics
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928234

ABSTRACT

There is a shared problem in current optical imaging technologies of how to obtain the optical parameters of biological tissues with complex profiles. In this work, an imaging system for obtaining the optical parameters of biological tissues with complex profile was presented. Firstly, Fourier transformation profilometry was used for obtaining the profile information of biological tissues, and then the difference of incident light intensity at different positions on biological tissue surface was corrected with the laws of illumination, and lastly the optical parameters of biological tissues were achieved with the spatial frequency domain imaging technique. Experimental results indicated the proposed imaging system could obtain the profile information and the optical parameters of biological tissues accurately and quickly. For the slab phantoms with height variation less than 30 mm and angle variation less than 40º, the maximum relative errors of the profile uncorrected optical parameters were 46.27% and 72.18%, while the maximum relative errors of the profile corrected optical parameters were 6.89% and 10.26%. Imaging experiments of a face-like phantom and a human's prefrontal lobe were performed respectively, which demonstrated the proposed imaging system possesses clinical application value for the achievement of the optical parameters of biological tissues with complex profiles. Besides, the proposed profile corrected method can be used to combine with the current optical imaging technologies to reduce the influence of the profile information of biological tissues on imaging quality.


Subject(s)
Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Light , Optical Imaging , Phantoms, Imaging
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 598-605, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927555

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Intensive phototherapy (IPT) and exchange transfusion (ET) are the main treatments for extreme hyperbilirubinemia. However, there is no reliable evidence on determining the thresholds for these treatments. This multicenter study compared the effectiveness and complications of IPT and ET in the treatment of extreme hyperbilirubinemia.@*METHODS@#This retrospective cohort study was conducted in seven centers from January 2015 to January 2018. Patients with extreme hyperbilirubinemia that met the criteria of ET were included. Patients were divided into three subgroups (low-, medium-, and high- risk) according to gestational week and risk factors. Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to balance the data before treatment. Study outcomes included the development of bilirubin encephalopathy, duration of hospitalization, expenses, and complications. Mortality, auditory complications, seizures, enamel dysplasia, ocular motility disorders, athetosis, motor, and language development were evaluated during follow-up at age of 3 years.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1164 patients were included in this study. After PSM, 296 patients in the IPT only group and 296 patients in the IPT plus ET group were further divided into the low-, medium-, and high-risk subgroups with 188, 364, and 40 matched patients, respectively. No significant differences were found between the IPT only and IPT plus ET groups in terms of morbidity, complications, and sequelae. Hospitalization duration and expenses were lower in the low- and medium-risk subgroups in the IPT only group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, our results suggest that IPT is a safe and effective treatment for extreme hyperbilirubinemia. The indication of ET for patients with hyperbilirubinemia could be stricter. However, it is necessary to have a contingency plan for emergency ET as soon as IPT is commenced especially for infants with risk factors. If IPT can be guaranteed and proved to be therapeutic, ET should be avoided as much as possible.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Exchange Transfusion, Whole Blood/adverse effects , Humans , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal/therapy , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Kernicterus/therapy , Phototherapy/methods , Retrospective Studies
20.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 171-175,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884385

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the expression of interleukin (IL)-38 in patients with active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to explore the regulatory effect of IL-38 on IκB kinase complex.Methods:The gene expression levels of IL-38 and IκB kinase complex were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Serum IL-38 levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expression of IκB-kinase complex (IκK)α/β and phospho IκKα/β protein weredetermined by Western blotting analysis. Statistical analysis was conducted with or Mann-Whitney rank test.Results:① The expression level of IL-38 mRNA in active SLE patients (0.36±0.09) was significantly lower than that in the normal control group (1.00±0.17) ( Z=-4.07, P<0.01); the expression level of IL-38 protein in active SLE patients (5.86±2.76) significantly reduced as compared with normal control group (18.48±1.35) ( Z=-4.76, P<0.05). ② The expression level of IκKα mRNA (7.45±0.31) and IκKβ mRNA (6.01±1.51) in active SLE patients was significantly higher than that in normal control group (1.16±0.04) and (1.16±0.14) ( Z=-4.67, P<0.05; Z=-4.37, P<0.01), and the expression level of IL-38 mRNA was negatively correlated with IκKα mRNA and IκKβ mRNA in active SLE patients ( r=-0.78, P<0.05; r=-0.83, P<0.05). ③ IκKα/β and phosphorylated IκKα/β protein expression in active SLE patients (2.38±0.03) and (1.90±0.03) increased significantly compared with healthy controls (1.00±0.04) and (1.00±0.08) ( Z=-1.96, P<0.05; Z=-1.99, P<0.05). ④ In vitro experiment, IL-38 caused a significant decrease in the expression level of IκKα mRNA (1.70±0.12) and IκKβ mRNA (2.52±0.10) from active SLE patientscompared with untreated cells (2.56±0.28) and (3.82±0.38) ( Z=-1.96, P<0.05; Z=-1.37, P<0.05). ⑤ In vitro experiment, IL-38 caused a significant decrease in the expression level of IκKα/β (1.54±0.06) and phosphoryl-ated IκKα/β (0.970±0.012) protein expression in active SLE patients compared with untreated cells (2.93±0.08) and (1.572±0.051)( P<0.05). Conclusion:The de-crease of IL-38 level in SLE patients result in the excessive activation of IκB kinase complex IκKα and IκKβ, and therefore triggersystemic lupus erythematosus.

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