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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 702-708, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984707

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship between low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)/high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio with the severity of coronary artery disease and 2-yeat outcome in patients with premature coronary heart disease. Methods: This prospective, multicenter, observational cohort study is originated from the PROMISE study. Eighteen thousand seven hundred and one patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) were screened from January 2015 to May 2019. Three thousand eight hundred and sixty-one patients with premature CHD were enrolled in the current study. According to the median LDL-C/HDL-C ratio (2.4), the patients were divided into two groups: low LDL-C/HDL-C group (LDL-C/HDL-C≤2.4, n=1 867) and high LDL-C/HDL-C group (LDL-C/HDL-C>2.4, n=1 994). Baseline data and 2-year major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) were collected and analyzed in order to find the differences between premature CHD patients at different LDL-C/HDL-C levels, and explore the correlation between LDL-C/HDL-C ratio with the severity of coronary artery disease and MACCE. Results: The average age of the low LDL-C/HDL-C ratio group was (48.5±6.5) years, 1 154 patients were males (61.8%); the average age of high LDL-C/HDL-C ratio group was (46.5±6.8) years, 1 523 were males (76.4%). The number of target lesions, the number of coronary artery lesions, the preoperative SNYTAX score and the proportion of three-vessel coronary artery disease in the high LDL-C/HDL-C group were significantly higher than those in the low LDL-C/HDL-C group (1.04±0.74 vs. 0.97±0.80, P=0.002; 2.04±0.84 vs. 1.85±0.84, P<0.001; 13.81±8.87 vs. 11.70±8.05, P<0.001; 36.2% vs. 27.4%, respectively, P<0.001). Correlation analysis showed that there was a significant positive correlation between LDL-C/HDL-C ratio and preoperative SYNTAX score, the number of coronary artery lesions, the number of target lesions and whether it was a three-vessel coronary artery disease (all P<0.05). The 2-year follow-up results showed that the incidence of MACCE was significantly higher in the high LDL-C/HDL-C group than that in the low LDL-C/HDL-C group (6.9% vs. 9.1%, P=0.011). There was no significant difference in the incidence of all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stroke, revascularization and bleeding between the two groups. Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that the LDL-C/HDL-C ratio has no correlation with 2-year MACCE, death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke and bleeding events above BARC2 in patients with premature CHD. Conclusion: High LDL-C/HDL-C ratio is positively correlated with the severity of coronary artery disease in patients with premature CHD. The incidence of MACCE of patients with high LDL-C/HDL-C ratio is significantly higher during 2 years follow-up; LDL-C/HDL-C ratio may be an indicator for evaluating the severity of coronary artery disease and long-term prognosis in patients with premature CHD.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Female , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL , Prospective Studies , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Stroke , Risk Factors
2.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 702-709, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985761

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the value of plasma cells for diagnosing lymph node diseases. Methods: Common lymphadenopathy (except plasma cell neoplasms) diagnosed from September 2012 to August 2022 were selected from the pathological records of Changhai Hospital, Shanghai, China. Morphological and immunohistochemical features were analyzed to examine the infiltration pattern, clonality, and IgG and IgG4 expression of plasma cells in these lymphadenopathies, and to summarize the differential diagnoses of plasma cell infiltration in common lymphadenopathies. Results: A total of 236 cases of lymphadenopathies with various degrees of plasma cell infiltration were included in the study. There were 58 cases of Castleman's disease, 55 cases of IgG4-related lymphadenopathy, 14 cases of syphilitic lymphadenitis, 2 cases of rheumatoid lymphadenitis, 18 cases of Rosai-Dorfman disease, 23 cases of Kimura's disease, 13 cases of dermal lymphadenitis and 53 cases of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL). The main features of these lymphadenopathies were lymph node enlargement with various degrees of plasm cell infiltration. A panel of immunohistochemical antibodies were used to examine the distribution of plasma cells and the expression of IgG and IgG4. The presence of lymph node architecture could help determine benign and malignant lesions. The preliminary classification of these lymphadenopathies was based on the infiltration features of plasma cells. The evaluation of IgG and IgG4 as a routine means could exclude the lymph nodes involvement of IgG4-related dieases (IgG4-RD), and whether it was accompanied by autoimmune diseases or multiple-organ diseases, which were of critical evidence for the differential diagnosis. For common lesions of lymphadenopathies, such as Castleman's disease, Kimura's disease, Rosai-Dorfman's disease and dermal lymphadenitis, the expression ratio of IgG4/IgG (>40%) as detected using immunhistochemistry and serum IgG4 levels should be considered as a standard for the possibility of IgG4-RD. The differential diagnosis of multicentric Castleman's diseases and IgG4-RD should be also considered. Conclusions: Infiltration of plasma cells and IgG4-positive plasma cells may be detected in some types of lymphadenopathies and lymphomas in clinicopathological daily practice, but not all of them are related to IgG4-RD. It should be emphasized that the characteristics of plasma cell infiltration and the ratio of IgG4/IgG (>40%) should be considered for further differential diagnosis and avoiding misclassification of lymphadenopathies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Castleman Disease/pathology , Plasma Cells/pathology , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease , China , Lymphadenopathy/pathology , Inflammation/pathology , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Lymphadenitis/pathology , Immunoglobulin G/metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 143-150, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969756

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features and long-term prognostic factors of diabetic patients with low or intermediate complexity coronary artery disease (CAD) post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: This was a prospective, single-centre observational study. Consecutive diabetic patients with SYNTAX score (SS)≤32 undergoing PCI between January and December 2013 in Fuwai hospital were included in this analysis. The patients were divided into two groups based on SS, namely SS≤22 group and SS 23-32 group. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to identify independent factors related to poor 5-year prognosis. The primary outcomes were cardiac death and recurrent myocardial infarction, the secondary outcomes were all cause death and revascularization. Results: Of the 3 899 patients included in the study, 2 888 were men (74.1%); mean age was 59.4±9.8 years. There were 3 450 patients in the SS≤22 group and 449 patients in the SS 23-32 group. Compared with SS≤22 group, the incidence of revascularization was higher in SS 23-32 group (18.9% (85/449) vs. 15.2% (524/3450), log-rank P=0.019). There was no significant difference in all-cause death, cardiac death and recurrent myocardial infarction between the two groups (log-rank P>0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that age (HR=1.05, 95%CI 1.02-1.08, P<0.001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (HR=3.12, 95%CI 1.37-7.07, P=0.007) and creatinine clearance rate (CCr)<60 ml/min (HR=3.67, 95%CI 2.05-6.58, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for 5-year cardiac death, while left ventricular ejection fraction (HR=0.94, 95%CI 0.91-0.96, P<0.001) was a protective factor. Previous PCI (HR=2.04, 95%CI 1.38-3.00, P<0.001), blood glucose level≥11.1 mmol/L on admission (HR=2.49, 95%CI 1.32-4.70, P=0.005) and CCr<60 ml/min (HR=1.85, 95%CI 1.14-2.99, P=0.012) were independent risk factors for 5-year recurrent myocardial infarction. The SS of 23-32 was independently associated with risk of revascularization (HR=1.54, 95%CI 1.09-2.16, P=0.014), after adjusting for residual SS. Residual SS was not a risk factor for 5-year prognosis. Conclusions: In diabetic patients with low-or intermediate complexity CAD, SS 23-32 is associated with increased risk of 5-year revascularization; the clinical characteristics of the patients are associated with the long-term mortality and recurrent myocardial infarction, but not related to revascularization.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Stroke Volume , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left , Prognosis , Risk Factors , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus
4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 450-457, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935169

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore and compare the effect of standard or prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) on the long-term prognosis of elderly patients with coronary heart disease complicated with diabetes mellitus after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Methods: Consecutive patients with diabetes mellitus, ≥65 years old, underwent DES implantation, and had no adverse events within 1 year after operation underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from January to December 2013 in Fuwai Hospital were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. These patients were divided into three groups according to DAPT duration: standard DAPT duration group (11 ≤ DAPT duration≤ 13 months) and prolonged DAPT duration group (13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months; DAPT duration>24 months). All the patients were followed up at 1, 6 months, 1, 2 and 5 years in order to collect the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), and type 2 to 5 bleeding events defined by the Federation of Bleeding Academic Research (BARC). MACCE were consisted of all cause death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization or stroke. The incidence of clinical adverse events were compared among 3 different DAPT duration groups, and Cox regression model were used to analyze the effect of different DAPT duration on 5-year long-term prognosis. Results: A total of 1 562 patients were enrolled, aged (70.8±4.5) years, with 398 female (25.5%). There were 467 cases in standard DAPT duration group, 684 cases in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group and 411 cases in DAPT duration>24 months group. The patients in standard DAPT duration group and the prolonged DAPT duration groups accounted for 29.9% (467/1 562) and 70.1% (1 095/1 562), respectively. The 5-year follow-up results showed that the incidence of all-cause death in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group (4.8%(33/684) vs. 8.6%(40/467),P=0.011) and DAPT duration>24 month group(4.1%(17/411) vs. 8.6%(40/467),P=0.008) were significantly lower than in standard DAPT group. The incidence of myocardial infarction in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group was lower than in standard DAPT duration group (1.9%(13/684) vs. 5.1%(24/467),P=0.002). The incidence of MACCE in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group was the lowest (standard DAPT duration group, 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group and DAPT duration>24 month group were 19.3% (90/467), 12.3% (84/684), 20.2% (83/411), respectively, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the incidence of stroke and bleeding events among the three groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate Cox analysis showed that compared with the standard DAPT group, prolonged DAPT to 13-24 months was negatively correlated with MACCE (HR=0.601, 95%CI 0.446-0.811, P=0.001), all-cause death (HR=0.568, 95%CI 0.357-0.903, P=0.017) and myocardial infarction (HR=0.353, 95%CI 0.179-0.695, P=0.003). DAPT>24 months was negatively correlated with all-cause death (HR=0.687, 95%CI 0.516-0.913, P=0.010) and positively correlated with revascularization (HR=1.404, 95%CI 1.116-1.765, P=0.004). There was no correlation between prolonged DAPT and bleeding events. Conclusions: For elderly patients with coronary heart disease complicated with diabetes mellitus underwent DES implantation, and had no MACCE and bleeding events within 1 year after operation, appropriately prolonging of the DAPT duration is related to the reduction of the risk of cardiovascular adverse events. Patients may benefit the most from the DAPT between 13 to 24 months. In addition, prolonging DAPT duration does not increase the incidence of bleeding events in this patient cohort.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Diabetes Mellitus , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Hemorrhage , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Stroke , Treatment Outcome
5.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 199-204, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878720

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for patients using intraoperative vasopressor infusions during carotid body tumor(CBT)excision.Patients' mean arterial pressure(MAP)and heart rate(HR)fluctuations as well as their requirements for vasoactive agents during surgery were assessed. Methods The patients receiving CBT excision in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from May 1,2013 to July 31,2017 were included for a retrospective cohort study.The potential factors of intraoperative requirement for vasopressor infusions were investigated using univariate analysis and Logistic multivariate analysis.Furthermore,the relationships of Shamblin types of CBT with intraoperative MAP/HR fluctuations and requirements for vasoactive agents were analyzed. Results A total of 108 patients with 116 CBTs were included.Univariate analysis revealed that maximum tumor diameter >4 cm,intraoperative internal carotid artery injury,internal carotid artery reconstruction,malignant pathology,advanced Shamblin types(type Ⅱ and Ⅲ),estimated blood loss ≥400 ml,and operation duration >4 hours were associated with intraoperative requirements for vasopressor infusions.Logistic analysis showed that Shamblin type Ⅲ(OR=2.286,95% CI=1.324-14.926,P=0.016)and operation duration >4 hours(OR=3.874,95% CI=1.020-14.623,P=0.046)were risk factors for intraoperative requirements for vasopressor infusions during CBT surgery.In addition,Shamblin type Ⅲ was associated with intraoperative abnormal HR elevation and requirements for vasopressors.Conclusions Shamblin type Ⅲ and operation duration>4 hours are risk factors for intraoperative requirements of patients for using vasopressor infusions during CBT surgery.Shamblin type Ⅲ is associated with intraoperative abnormal HR elevation and requirements for vasopressors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carotid Body Tumor , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Surgical Procedures
6.
World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 36-41, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862223

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: We aim to investigate effects of metabolic syndrome on onset age and long-term outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Patients with ACS (n=6,431) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention from January to December 2013 were enrolled. After excluding patients with previous coronary artery disease, 1,558 patients were diagnosed with early-onset ACS (men aged ≤50 years; women aged ≤60 years) and 3,044 patients with late-onset ACS. Baseline characteristics and five-year clinical outcomes were measured. RESULTS: Body mass index, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and uric acid concentrations were significantly higher, while the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentration was lower in the early-onset ACS group (P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression revealed obesity (odds ratio [OR] 1.590, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.345-1.881), hypertriglyceridemia (OR 1.403, 95% CI 1.185-1.660), and low HDL-C (OR 1.464, 95% CI 1.231-1.742) as independent risk factors for early-onset ACS (all P<0.001). The five-year follow-up showed that the incidences of all cause death (1.5% vs. 3.8%, P<0.001), cardiac death (1.1% vs. 2.0%, P=0.023), and recurrent stroke (2.2% vs. 4.2%, P<0.001) were lower, while bleeding events were more frequent in the early-onset ACS group. A subgroup analysis showed higher incidences of recurrent myocardial infarction (MI) and revascularization in patients with early-onset ACS and metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: Obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, and lower HDL-C level are independent risk factors for early-onset ACS, recurrent MI, and revascularization. The control of metabolic syndrome may reduce the incidence of early-onset ACS and improve the long-term prognosis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 655-660, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941154

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the related factors of premature acute myocardial infarction(AMI), and to compare the the long-term outcomes in patients with and without premature AMI after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: This study was a prospective cohort study.From January 2013 to December 2013, 10 724 consecutive patients with coronary heart disease undergoing PCI in Fuwai Hospital were enrolled. Among them 1 920 patients with the diagnosis of AMI were divided into two groups: premature AMI (man≤50 years old, woman≤60 years old) and non-premature AMI. The baseline characteristics were collected, and multivariate logistic regression was uesed to analysis the related factors of premature AMI. The clinical outcomes, including the major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events(MACCE) which was the composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke and stent thrombosis, as well as bleeding events, during hospitalization, at 2 years and 5 years follow-up were analyzed. Results: A total of 1 920 AMI patiens were included(age was (56.5±11.3) years old),with 1 612(84.0%) males. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups in gender, body mass index, blood lipid, complications, inflammatory markers, etc (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed body mass index(OR=1.06, 95%CI 1.01-1.10, P<0.01), triglyceride(OR=1.47, 95%CI 1.14-1.90, P<0.01), serum uric acid level(OR=1.02, 95%CI 1.01-1.04, P<0.01), high density lipoprotein cholesterol level(OR=0.33, 95%CI 0.14-0.78, P=0.01) and history of hypertension(OR=0.72, 95%CI 0.56-0.93, P=0.01) were independent related factors of premature AMI. The incidence of all-cause death and cardiac death were lower during hospitalization, at 2 years and 5 years follow-up in the premature AMI group than in non-premature AMI group(all P<0.05). In the premature AMI group, the incidence of MACCE and stroke was lower, with more bleeding events in 5 years follow-up(all P<0.05). Conclusions: Metabolic abnormalities, including high BMI, high triglyceride level and high serum uric acid, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level are the related factor of premature AMI. The incidence of ischemic events in patients with premature AMI is lower, while the incidence of bleeding events is higher than non-premature AMI patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Uric Acid
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 914-921, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It is currently unclear if fibrinogen is a risk factor for adverse events in patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or merely serves as a marker of pre-existing comorbidities and other causal factors. We therefore investigated the association between fibrinogen levels and 2-year all-cause mortality, and compared the additional predictive value of adding fibrinogen to a basic model including traditional risk factors in patients receiving contemporary PCI.@*METHODS@#A total of 6293 patients undergoing PCI with measured baseline fibrinogen levels were enrolled from January to December 2013 in Fuwai Hospital. Patients were divided into three groups according to tertiles of baseline fibrinogen levels: low fibrinogen, <2.98 g/L; medium fibrinogen, 2.98 to 3.58 g/L; and high fibrinogen, ≥3.58 g/L. Independent predictors of 2-year clinical outcomes were determined by multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression modeling. The increased discriminative value of fibrinogen for predicting all-cause mortality was assessed using the C-statistic and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI).@*RESULTS@#The 2-year all-cause mortality rate was 1.2%. It was significantly higher in the high fibrinogen compared with the low and medium fibrinogen groups according to Kaplan-Meier analyses (1.7% vs. 0.9% and 1.7% vs. 1.0%, respectively; log-rank, P = 0.022). Fibrinogen was significantly associated with all-cause mortality according to multivariate Cox regression (hazard ratio 1.339, 95% confidence interval: 1.109-1.763, P = 0.005), together with traditional risk factors including age, sex, diabetes mellitus, left ventricular ejection fraction, creatinine clearance, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The area under the curve for all-cause mortality in the basic model including traditional risk factors was 0.776, and this value increased to 0.787 when fibrinogen was added to the model (IDI = 0.003, Z = 0.140, P = 0.889).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Fibrinogen is associated with 2-year all-cause mortality in patients receiving PCI, but provides no additional information over a model including traditional risk factors.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Blood , Therapeutics , Fasting , Blood , Fibrinogen , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Multivariate Analysis , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Factors
9.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 1277-1283, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843310

ABSTRACT

Objective • To investigate the effects of ovarian granulosa cell androgen receptor splice variant insertion isoform (AR-ins) on the levels of sex hormones and insulin in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods • Seventy-nine control patients (control group) of normal ovulation and one hundred and fifty-four PCOS patients (PCOS group) who received in vitro fertilization embryo transfer in the Assisted Reproductive Department of the International Peace Maternity & Child Health Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from Jun. 2017 to Jun. 2018 were recruited. The sociodemographic information, serum basic hormones and insulin data were collected according to medical history record, and the hormone levels were measured by chemiluminescence. The ovarian granulosa cells and follicular fluids of all the patients were collected. Nested PCR was used to identify the androgen receptor splice variant (AR SV) in the ovarian granulosa cells from PCOS patients, and then they were divided into two groups, i.e., PCOS Wt group (n=39) and PCOS AR-ins group (n=115). The levels of sex hormones and insulin in follicular fluids of the three groups were detected by chemiluminescence. The free androgen index (FAI) was calculated. The sociodemographic information, the levels of sex hormones and insulin in serum and follicular fluid of the three groups were compared by One-way ANOVA, Welch's ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis H test and chi-square test. Results • Compared with the control group, the levels of serum sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) were significantly lower in the PCOS AR-ins group (P=0.000), and the levels of serum total testosterone (TT) (P=0.000), insulin (P=0.001) and FAI (P=0.000) were significantly higher in the PCOS AR-ins group. Compared with the control group and the PCOS Wt group, the differences of SHBG, TT, insulin levels and FAI in the follicular fluid in the PCOS AR-ins group were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusion • PCOS patients with AR-ins have high androgen and insulin levels in serum, and this effect is more pronounced in the ovarian local microenvironment.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1397-1405, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775159

ABSTRACT

Background@#It remains undetermined whether second-generation drug-eluting stents (G2-DESs) outperform first-generation DESs (G1-DESs) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of G1-DES and G2-DES in ACS patients in a high-volume cardiovascular center.@*Methods@#In 2013, 10,724 consecutive patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention in our institution. We included 4037 patients with ACS who underwent exclusively G1-DES or G2-DES implantation (n = 364 and n = 3673, respectively). We used propensity score matching to minimize the imbalance between the G1-DES and G2-DES groups and followed patients for 2 years. The efficacy endpoints were major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) and its components including target vessel-related myocardial infarction (TV-MI), target vessel revascularization/target lesion revascularization (TVR/TLR), and cardiac death. The safety endpoint was stent thrombosis. Continuous variables were compared by Mann-Whitney U-test, and categorical variables were compared using Pearson's Chi-square or Fisher's exact test. Kaplan-Meier curves were constructed to compare the event-free survival rates, and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to assess whether stent type was an independent risk factor for the efficacy and safety endpoints.@*Results@#At the 2-year follow-up, the results for MACE and it components, as well as stent thrombosis, were similar for G1-DES and G2-DES (MACE, 5.2% vs. 4.3%, χ = 0.514, P = 0.474; TV-MI, 0.8% vs. 0.4%, P = 0.407; TVR, 4.9% vs. 3.7%, χ = 0.939, P = 0.333; TLR, 3.8% vs. 2.5%, χ = 1.610, P = 0.205; cardiac death, 0.3% vs. 0.5%, P = 0.670; and stent thrombosis, 0.5% vs. 0.4%, P > 0.999). Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated similar event-free survival rates between G1-DES and G2-DES after propensity score matching (all: log-rank P > 0.05). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that stent type was not an independent risk factor for the efficacy and safety endpoints (MACE, hazard ratio [HR] = 0.805, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.455-1.424, P = 0.456; TV-MI, HR = 0.500, 95% CI: 0.101-2.475, P = 0.395; TVR, HR = 0.732, 95% CI: 0.403-1.330, P = 0.306; TLR, HR = 0.629, 95% CI: 0.313-1.264, P = 0.193; cardiac death, HR = 1.991, 95% CI: 0.223-17.814, P = 0.538; and stent thrombosis, HR = 0.746, 95% CI: 0.125-4.467, P = 0.749).@*Conclusion@#G1-DES and G2-DES have similar efficacy and safety profiles in ACS patients at the 2-year follow-up.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome , General Surgery , Coronary Thrombosis , General Surgery , Drug-Eluting Stents , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Myocardial Infarction , General Surgery , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Methods , Prospective Studies
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2699-2704, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775033

ABSTRACT

Background@#The patterns of nonadherence to antiplatelet regimen in stented patients (PARIS) thrombotic risk score are a novel score for predicting the risk of coronary thrombotic events (CTEs) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents. However, the prognostic value of this score has not been fully evaluated in non-Euro-American PCI populations.@*Methods@#We performed a prospective, observational study of 10,724 patients who underwent PCI in Fuwai hospital, China and evaluated the PARIS thrombotic risk score's predictive value of CTEs in the PCI population. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was used to assess the predictive value of the PARIS score for CTE.@*Results@#Among 9782 patients without in-hospital events, a total of 95 CTEs occurred during the 2-year follow-up. The PARIS score was significantly higher in patients with CTEs (3.38 ± 2.04) compared with patients without events (2.53 ± 1.70, P < 0.001). According to the risk stratification of the PARIS thrombotic score, the risk of CTEs in the high-risk group was 3.14 times higher than that in the low-risk group (hazard ratio [HR], 3.14; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.92-5.13; P < 0.001). However, the risk of CTEs in the intermediate-risk and low-risk groups was not significant (HR, 1.39; 95% CI, [0.86-2.24]; P = 0.184). The PARIS score showed prognostic value in evaluating CTEs in the overall population (AUROC, 0.621; 95% CI, 0.561-0.681), the acute coronary syndrome (ACS) population (AUROC, 0.617; 95% CI, 0.534-0.700; P = 0.003), and the non-ACS population (AUROC, 0.647; 95% CI, 0.558-0.736; P = 0.001).@*Conclusions@#In a real-world Chinese population, the PARIS thrombotic risk score shows a modest prognostic value for CTEs in patients after PCI. This score also has a predictive value for CTEs in the ACS and non-ACS subgroup populations.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Pathology , Asian People , Coronary Thrombosis , Pathology , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Thrombosis
12.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 787-796, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772245

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The aim of this study is to establish whether cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2B antisense RNA 1 (CDKN2B-AS1) gene polymorphisms are associated with premature triple-vessel disease (PTVD).@*METHODS@#Nine single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rs1063192, rs10757274, rs1333042, rs1333049, rs2285327, rs3217986, rs3217992, rs4977574, and rs9632884) were genotyped in 884 PTVD patients and 907 control subjects (males ⪕ 50 years old and females ⪕ 60 years old) using the improved multiplex ligase detection reaction method.@*RESULTS@#The allele frequencies of rs10757274 G, rs1333049 C, rs4977574 G (all P < 0.001), and rs3217986 G (P = 0.040) were significantly higher in the PTVD group than in the control group, but those of rs1063192 A, rs1333042 G, and rs9632884 C (all P < 0.001) were significantly lower in the former than in the latter. Logistic regression analysis revealed that homozygote AA of rs1333042 is associated with decreased risk for PTVD (OR = 0.42, 95% CI: 0.22-0.82, P = 0.011). In addition, the allele frequencies observed differed between genders. The G allele of rs3217986 was associated with increased risk for PTVD in male patients only (OR = 2.94, 95% CI: 1.27-6.80, P = 0.012) in the dominant model, and no positively mutated allele was found in female patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Polymorphisms of the CDKN2B-AS1 gene are associated with the incidence of PTVD in the Chinese population. Furthermore, the frequencies of mutated alleles differed between genders.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Asian People , Genetics , China , Coronary Artery Disease , Genetics , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15 , Genetics , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , RNA, Antisense , Genetics , Sex Factors
13.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 859-866, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772236

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The predictive value of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) in the drug-eluting stent era is not yet clear. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of NT-proBNP in SCAD patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*METHODS@#We examined 4,293 consecutive SCAD patients who underwent PCI between January 2013 and December 2013 in Fuwai Hospital, China. The primary endpoint was all-cause death. NT-proBNP levels were measured before PCI using Elisa kits (Biomedica, Austria). The indication for PCI was based on the degree of coronary stenosis and evidence of ischemia.@*RESULTS@#Among 3,187 SCAD patients with NT-proBNP data, after a 2-year follow-up, NT-proBNP levels were predictive for all-cause death in the SCAD population [area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.768; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.687-0.849; P < 0.001]. At the optimum cutoff point of 732 pg/mL, the sensitivity and specificity of death was 75.0% and 72.3%, respectively. In a multivariable Cox regression model, the death hazard ratio was 6.43 (95% CI, 2.99-13.82; P < 0.001) for patients with NT-proBNP levels ⪖ 732 pg/mL, compared with < 732 pg/mL.@*CONCLUSION@#NT-proBNP is a strong predictor of 2-year death with SCAD after PCI in the drug-eluting stent era.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Asian People , China , Epidemiology , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Mortality , Drug-Eluting Stents , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Blood , Peptide Fragments , Blood , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prognosis , ROC Curve
14.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2018; 31 (1 Supp.): 263-268
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-192924

ABSTRACT

Suo Quan pill[SQP], a well-known and classical traditional Chinese medicine compound, consists of three traditional Chinese medicine: Alpinia oxyphylla Miq., Lindera aggregata [Sims] Kosterm., Dioscorea opposite. Its effect was summarized as supplementing kidney- yang and shrinkaging urination. This study evaluated the effects of the serum of rats treated with Suo Quan pill on embryonic stem cells[ES cells]. Cell proliferation was detected by MTT assay. Cell cycle and apoptosis of ES cells were evaluated with flow cytometry. Nanog mRNA expression was verified by fluorescence quantitative PCR and Nanog protein in ES cells was determined by Western blot. The serum of SQP-treated rats not only promoted ES cells proliferation and Nanog expression in ES cells, but also inhibited H202 stimulated cell apoptosis. Furthermore, the serum of rats containing SQP affected the cell cycle distribution of ES cells, reducing the percentage of cells in G0/G1phase and increasing the percentage of cells in G2/M phase, increasing the proliferation index of ES cells. These results illustrate that the enhanced effect of SQP on ES cells proliferation is in part due to the increased expression of Nanog in ES cells, the accelerated cell cycle period and the inhibited apoptosis of ES cells

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 262-267, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771587

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There is scanty evidence concerning the ability of Can Rapid Risk Stratification of Unstable Angina Patients Suppress Adverse Outcomes with Early Implementation of the ACC/AHA Guidelines (CRUSADE) and Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage Strategy and Harmonizing Outcomes with Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction (ACUITY-HORIZONS) scores to predict out-of-hospital bleeding risk after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) with drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients receiving dual antiplatelet therapy. We aimed to assess and compare the long-term prognostic value of these scores regarding out-of-hospital bleeding risk in such patients.@*METHODS@#We performed a prospective observational study of 10,724 patients undergoing PCI between January and December 2013 in Fuwai Hospital, China. All patients were followed up for 2 years and evaluated through the Fuwai Hospital Follow-up Center. Major bleeding was defined as Types 2, 3, and 5 according to Bleeding Academic Research Consortium Definition criteria.@*RESULTS@#During a 2-year follow-up, 245 of 9782 patients (2.5%) had major bleeding (MB). CRUSADE (21.00 [12.00, 29.75] vs. 18.00 [11.00, 26.00], P 0.05). The value of CRUSADE and ACUITY-HORIZONS scores did not differ significantly (P > 0.05) in the whole cohort, ACS subgroup, or non-ACS subgroup.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CRUSADE and ACUITY-HORIZONS scores showed statistically significant but relatively limited long-term prognostic value for out-of-hospital MB after PCI with DES in a cohort of Chinese patients. The value of CRUSADE and ACUITY-HORIZONS scores did not differ significantly (P > 0.05) in the whole cohort, ACS subgroup, or non-ACS subgroup.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Therapeutics , Angina, Unstable , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Myocardial Infarction , Therapeutics , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , General Surgery , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Research Design , Risk , Risk Assessment , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1-9, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324693

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Patients with premature triple-vessel disease (PTVD) have a higher risk of recurrent coronary events and repeat revascularization; however, the long-term outcome of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and medical therapy (MT) alone for PTVD patients is controversial. The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term outcome of PTVD patients among these three treatment strategies, to find out the most appropriate treatment methods for these patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One thousand seven hundred and ninety-two patients with PTVD (age: men ≤50 years and women ≤60 years) were enrolled between 2004 and 2011. The primary end point was all-cause death. The secondary end points were cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stroke, or repeat revascularization.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PCI, CABG, and MT alone were performed in 933 (52.1%), 459 (25.6%), and 400 (22.3%) patients. Both PCI and CABG were associated with lower all-cause death (4.6% vs. 4.1% vs. 15.5%, respectively, P < 0.01) and cardiac death (2.8% vs. 2.0% vs. 9.8%, respectively, P < 0.01) versus MT alone. The rate of repeat revascularization in the CABG group was significantly lower than those in the PCI and MT groups. After adjusting for baseline factors, PCI and CABG were still associated with similar lower risk of all-cause death and cardiac death versus MT alone (all-cause death: hazard ratio [HR]: 0.35, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.23-0.53, P < 0.01 and HR: 0.35, 95% CI: 0.18-0.70, P = 0.003, respectively, and cardiac death: HR: 0.32, 95% CI: 0.19-0.54, P < 0.01 and HR: 0.36, 95% CI: 0.14-0.93, P = 0.03, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PCI and CABG provided equal long-term benefits for all-cause death and cardiac death for PTVD patients. Patients undergoing MT alone had the worst long-term clinical outcomes.</p><p><b>TRIAL REGISTRATION</b>ClinicalTrials.gov; Identifier: NCT02634086. https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT02634086?term=NCT02634086&rank=1.</p>

17.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 429-434, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703875

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the prognostic value of elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP) at admission in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A total of 5 826 consecutive ACS patients undergoing PCI were included. Patients were divided into normal admission SBP (100-139 mmHg, n=4 323) and elevated admission SBP ( ≥ 140 mmHg, n=1 503) groups. All-cause mortality and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE, including all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI), revascularization, in-stent thrombosis and stroke) during 2-year follow-up were compared between the two groups. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to identify the independent risk factors of outcomes. The influence of admission SBP on the outcomes of subgroup patients with unstable angina (n=4 261) was also evaluated. Results: Patients were older (61 vs 57 years, P<0.001), proportions of females (29.3% vs 21.6%, P<0.001), concomitant morbidities (such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipemia, previous MI and cerebral vascular disease) and multi-vessel lesions (77.5% vs 71.0%, P<0.001) were significantly higher in elevated admission SBP group than in normal admission SBP group. During two-years follow-up, all-cause mortality, MACCE, MI and revascularization rates were comparable between two groups (all P>0.05). However, incidence of in-stent thrombosis (1.3% vs 0.7%, P=0.048) and stroke (1.9% vs 1.2%, P=0.038) were significantly higher in elevated admission SBP group than in normal admission SBP group. Subgroup analysis on patients with unstable angina showed that, incidence of in-stent thrombosis and MI were also significantly higher in elevated admission SBP group than in normal admission SBP group (both P<0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that elevated admission SBP was no longer an independent predictor of either in-stent thrombosis or stroke, and age and history of cerebrovascular disease were the independent risk factors of stroke. Conclusions: ACS patients with elevated admission SBP have more cardiovascular risk factors, but elevated admission SBP is not an independent risk factor of long-term outcomes in this patient cohort.

18.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 129-133, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703828

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the impact of bundle branch block (BBB) on acute coronary syndrome (ACS) prognosis in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A total of 6 429 ACS patients received PCI in our hospital from 2013-01 to 2013-12 were enrolled. According to BBB diagnosis at discharge, the patients were divided into 2 groups: BBB group, n=159 and Non-BBB group, n=6 270. The incidences of 2-year major adverse cardio and cerebral-vascular events (MACCE) including all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, in-stent thrombosis and stroke were compared between 2 groups; relationship between existing BBB and clinical outcomes was assessed. Results: Compared with Non-BBB group, BBB group had the elder age (62.97±11.37) years vs (58.26±10.36) years, lower BMI (25.31±3.02) vs (25.89±3.20), decreased glomerular filtration rate (86.89±16.15)ml/min vs (91.05±15.53)ml/min and LVEF (59.27±9.86)% vs (62.37±7.36) %, all P<0.05; other baseline condition, angiographic and interventional features were similar between 2 groups, all P>0.05. During 2-year follow-up period, compared with Non-BBB group, BBB group showed the higher incidences of cardiac death (2.5% vs 0.7%) and in-stent thrombosis (3.1% vs 0.8%), both P<0.05; other incidences of MACCE were similar between 2 groups, all P>0.05. With adjusted propensity score matching, 2-year incidence of MACCE was similar between 2 groups, P>0.05; 2-year incidences of MACCE in BBB group including LBBB and RBBB were similar to Non-BBB group, P>0.05. Cox regression analysis revealed that BBB was not related to ACS prognosis after PCI. Conclusion: BBB was not an independent risk factor for long-term MACCE occurrence in ACS patients after PCI.

19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1579-1582, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689893

ABSTRACT

Ph-like acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a high-risk subtype of precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) with a gene expression profile and a high frequency of IKZF1 gene alteration similar to that of Ph-positive ALL, which is a clinically and biologically heterogeneous subtype of BCP-ALL. The prognosis correlats negatively with age increasing. The incidence of this "Ph-like" subtype may be higher in young adults. Ph-like ALL is characterized by genetic alterations that activate cytokine receptor genes and kinase signaling pathways. Prospective studies are needed to determine if incorporation of tyrosine kinase inhibitor-targeting kinase alterations into intensive chemotherapy regimens will improve outcome of patients with Ph-like ALL. The research progress of Ph-like ALL is summarised in this review, including epidemiology, genetic alterations and treatment..

20.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 268-272, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698021

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of EGFR, KRAS and PIK3CA mutation analysis on rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE)cytological slides in patients with non-small cell lung cancer and its clinical value. Methods Seventy-five cases of ROSE cytological slides and paired histological specimens were collected in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital. xTAG70plex liquidchip technology was used to analyze the gene mutations of the samples.Results The KRAS mutation was found in histological specimen but not in ROSE cytological slides in one case. The mutation results were the same in histological specimen and ROSE cytological slides in other cases.The consistent rates of the EGFR mutation and KRAS mutation were 100% and 98.7%,respectively. Conclusion Our study demonstrates that xTAG70plex liquidchip technology can be used for the mutation analysis of EGFR,KRAS and PIK3CA genes in non-small cell lung cancer on ROSE cytological slides.

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