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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939600

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the prevalence of dry and wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in patients with diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia, and to analyze the risk factors for AMD.@*Methods@#A population-based cross-sectional epidemiologic study was conducted involving 14,440 individuals. We assessed the prevalence of dry and wet AMD in diabetic and non-diabetic subjects and analyzed the risk factors for AMD.@*Results@#The prevalence of wet AMD in diabetic and non-diabetic patients was 0.3% and 0.5%, respectively, and the prevalence of dry AMD was 17% and 16.4%, respectively. The prevalence of wet AMD in healthy, hypertensive, hyperlipidemic, and hypertensive/hyperlipidemic populations was 0.5%, 0.3%, 0.2%, and 0.7%, respectively. The prevalence of dry AMD in healthy, hypertensive, hyperlipidemic, and hypertensive/hyperlipidemic populations was 16.6%, 16.2%, 15.2%, and 17.2%, respectively. Age, sex, body mass index, and use of hypoglycemic drugs or lowering blood pressure drugs were corrected in the risk factor analysis of AMD. Diabetes, diabetes/hypertension, diabetes/hyperlipidemia, and diabetes/hypertension/hyperlipidemia were analyzed. None of the factors analyzed in the current study increased the risk for the onset of AMD.@*Conclusion@#There was no significant difference in the prevalence of wet and dry AMD among diabetic and non-diabetic subjects. Similarly, there was no significant difference in the prevalence of wet and dry AMD among subjects with hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Diabetes co-existing with hypertension and hyperlipidemia were not shown to be risk factors for the onset of dry AMD.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Humans , Hyperlipidemias/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Macular Degeneration/etiology , Risk Factors
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888050

ABSTRACT

To obtain the difference of the fungal and bacterial community diversity between wild Cordyceps sinensis, artificial C. sinensis and their habitat soil, Illmina Hiseq high-throughput sequencing technology was applied. The results show that Proteobacteria was the dominant bacterial phylum in C. sinensis, Actinobacteria was the dominant bacterial phylum in soil microhabitat, Ophiocordyceps sinensis was the predominant dominant fungus of C. sinensis. The α diversity analysis showed that the fungal diversity of stroma was lower than other parts, and the fungal diversity of wild C. sinensis was lower than that of artificial C. sinensis. The β diversity analysis showed that the fungal and bacterial community diversity of soil microhabitat samples was significantly different from that of C. sinensis. The fungal community diversity was less different between wild and artificial C. sinensis, especially in sclerotia. LEfSe analysis showed a lot of species diversity between wild and artificial C. sinensis. Those different species between wild C. sinensis, artificial C. sinensis and their habitat soil provide ideas for further research on breed and components of C. sinensis.


Subject(s)
Cordyceps/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Microbiota/genetics , Soil , Soil Microbiology
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1922-1929, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827894

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common primary intraocular malignancy in adults. It has been demonstrated that microRNA-145 (miR-145) is correlated with the progression of various cancers by regulating the expression of multiple target genes, especially a number of genes that regulate angiogenesis and proliferation. However, the underlying mechanisms of miR-145 in tumor angiogenesis of UM are still not well illustrated. Thus, we aimed to explore the potential target genes or pathways regulated by miR-145 in UM and the effect of miR-145 on invasion and angiogenesis.@*METHODS@#Totally, 24 choroid samples were collected in our study, including 12 UM samples and 12 normal uveal tissues. The expression of neuroblastoma RAS viral oncogene homolog (N-RAS), phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-AKT), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in UM tissues and normal uveal tissues was analyzed using Western blotting analysis. Lentivirus expression system was used to construct MUM-2B and OCM-1 cell lines with stable overexpression of miR-145. Transwell and endothelial cell tube formation assay were used to measure the effects of miR-145 on the invasion and angiogenesis of UM in vitro. The downstream target genes of miR-145 were predicted by bioinformatics and confirmed using a luciferase assay. BALB/c nude mice models were established to investigate the mechanisms of miR-145 on tumor growth and angiogenesis in vivo. Group data comparisons were performed using analysis of Student's t test. A two-tailed P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.@*RESULTS@#The results of Western blotting analysis indicated that the expressions of N-RAS (1.10 ± 0.35 vs. 0.41 ± 0.36, t = 3.997, P = 0.012), p-AKT (1.16 ± 0.22 vs. 0.57 ± 0.03, t = 7.05, P = 0.001), and VEGF (0.97 ± 0.32 vs. 0.45 ± 0.21, t = 3.314, P = 0.008) in UM tumor tissues were significantly higher than those in normal uveal tissue. Luciferase assay demonstrated N-RAS and VEGF as downstream targets of miR-145. Moreover, tube formation assay revealed that miR-145-transfected human microvascular endothelial cell line formed shorter tube length (36.10 ± 1.51 mm vs. 42.91 ± 0.94 mm, t = 6.603, P = 0.003) and less branch points (350.00 ± 19.97 vs. 406.67 ± 17.62, t = 3.685, P = 0.021) as compared with controls. In addition, the numbers of invaded MUM-2B and OCM-1 cells with miR-145 overexpression were significantly lower than the controls (35.7 ± 3.3 vs. 279.1 ± 4.9, t = 273.75, P < 0.001 and 69.5 ± 4.4 vs. 95.6 ± 4.7, t = 21.27, P < 0.001, respectively). In vivo, xenografts expressing miR-145 had smaller sizes (miR-145 vs. miR-scr, 717.41 ± 502.62 mmvs. 1694.80 ± 904.33 mm, t = 2.314, P = 0.045) and lower weights (miR-145 vs. miR-scr, 0.74 ± 0.46 g vs. 1.65 ± 0.85 g, t = 2.295, P = 0.045).@*CONCLUSION@#Our results indicated that miR-145 is an important tumor suppressor and the inhibitory strategies against N-RAS/VEGF signaling pathway might be potential therapeutic applications for UM in the future.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349858

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the possibility of Bacteroides spp. as fecal contamination indicator bacteria with real-time quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) assay through analyzing the correlation between Bacteroides spp. and coliform group in external environment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Quantity of coliform group and Bacteroides in water samples were detected by most-probable-number method (MPN) and RT-PCR, respectively, and their detection correlation was evaluated with linear correlation analysis. Both methods were also applied to detect the contaminated time limits and river water samples collected at four sampling sites in three different times.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seventy two hours were needed for the numeration of coliform group with MPN method, while RT-PCR could detect Bacteroides within 3 hours. The contaminated time limit of indoor and outdoor water samples of coliform group was more than 40 days and 9 days, and Bacteroides 13 days and 5 days, respectively. Also, the positive correlation between the quantity of Bacteroides and coliform group in outdoor water samples was obtained, the quantity of Bacteroides was from 8.3 × 10(6) copies/ml to less than 10(4) copies/ml during the first day to the fifth day, while coliform group was 4.3 × 10(6) MPN/100 ml to 2.4 × 10(3) MPN/100 ml. A 100% coincidence rate of the detection results with both methods was also observed. These results indicated that the detection results of both methods had perfect consistency.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Bacteroides spp. can be potentially used as fecal contamination indicator bacteria with RT-PCR rapid detection.</p>


Subject(s)
Bacteroides , Environmental Microbiology , Environmental Monitoring , Methods , Escherichia coli , Feces , Microbiology , Rivers , Microbiology , Water Pollutants
5.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 114-117, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355462

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Obesity is an important risk factor of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Adipocyte is a cell that can actively secrete a series of factors to regulate the pathway responsible for energy balance. Resistin is one of these factors. The purpose of this study was to investigate possible correlation between resistin and certain parameters, including body parameters and other parameters of glucose metabolism and roles of resistin in hyperinsulinemia or insulin resistance in obese children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The serum resistin concentration was measured in 34 obese children (18 boys, 16 girls; age 8.9-15.9 years) and 31 normal subjects (16 boys, 15 girls; age 7.8-14.5 years) by using ELISA. Anthropometric parameters, fasting glucose and insulin were measured in all subjects. Insulin resistance was assayed by homeostasis model assessment ratio (HOMA-R). Beta cell function was determined by using homeostasis model assessment beta cell (HOMA-beta). Correlation analysis was performed between resistin and other parameters.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The serum resistin concentration (common logarithmic transformation) was 3.1 +/- 0.5 in obese subjects and 2.7 +/- 0.8 in normal subjects. (P < 0.05). (2) The serum resistin concentration was not significantly correlated with sex, age, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, but was positively correlated with BMI, percent body fat (BF%), waist-hip ratio (WHR) (r = 0.299, r = 0.304, r = 0.322, P < 0.01); and positively correlated with fasting glucose, insulin, HOMA-R (r = 0.299, r = 0.303, r = 0.324, P < 0.05), but not significantly correlated with HOMA-beta. (3) Multiple linear regression analysis showed that only HOMA-R was the factor that significantly influenced resistin, R(2) = 0.105, the standard partial coefficient was 0.279 (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The serum resistin concentration in obese children were higher than that in normal children. The serum resistin concentration significantly correlated with the degree of obesity and the distribution of fat. Resistin is probably related to occurrence of hyperinsulinemia and/or insulin resistance in obese children.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Biomarkers , Blood , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Child , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fasting , Blood , Female , Glucose Tolerance Test , Homeostasis , Physiology , Humans , Insulin , Blood , Insulin Resistance , Insulin-Secreting Cells , Bodily Secretions , Linear Models , Male , Obesity , Blood , Metabolism , Resistin , Blood , Waist-Hip Ratio
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 130-135, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305214

ABSTRACT

The gene encoding the nucleocapsid (N) protein of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV-NJ) was subcloned from pMD-VN5, and inserted into pBAD/Thio TOPO vector. The recombinant plasmid was identified by restriction analysis and PCR. It was sequenced to confirm the correct sequences and the correct junctional orientations of the inserted N gene. The results of SDS-PAGE and Western immunoblotting revealed that the N protein was expressed in Escherichia coli LGM194 in a high level and the recombinant fusion protein, which contained a N-terminal HP-Thioredoxin and a C-terminal polyhistidine tag. It had a molecular mass of approximately 63.5 kD and immunologically reactive activity. The recombinant protein was characterized and tested in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) format for potential application in the serodiagnosis of vesicular stomatitis using 186 serum samples from experimentally infected goats and guinea-pigs with VSV-NJ and VSV-IN, and from field origin and reference serum samples. The sensitivity and specificity of the ELISA were compared with those of the standard microtiter serum neutralization (MTSN) tests. The ELISA and MTSN test results were highly correlated for detection of VSV antibodies. The ELISA was as sensitive as the SN assay in detecting positive serum to VSV. The correlation between SN titers and ELISA titers was statistically significant. These data suggest that the recombinant fusion N protein of VSV could be used as a recombinant test antigen for the serodiagnosis of vesicular stomatitis. The ELISA based on the reconmbinant nucleocapsid protein may offer the best combination of rapidity, sensitivity, simplicity, economy, and laboratory biosafety of any of the methods yet developed for VSV serodiagnosis. This study lay on foundation for the development of the diagnosis methods in serology for VSV.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Cloning, Molecular , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Methods , Molecular Sequence Data , Neutralization Tests , Nucleocapsid Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Recombinant Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Serologic Tests , Vesicular stomatitis Indiana virus , Genetics , Vesicular stomatitis New Jersey virus , Genetics
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