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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 172-178, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006174

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To analyze the metabolites of Zhideke granules and speculate its metabolic pathway in rats in vivo. METHODS Male SD rats were randomly divided into blank group and administration group (Zhideke granules, 9.45 g/kg); they were given ultrapure water or relevant medicine, twice a day, every 6-8 h, for 3 consecutive days. Serum, urine and feces samples of rats were collected, and their metabolites were identified by UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS technique after intragastric administration of Zhideke granules; their metabolic pathways were speculated. RESULTS After intragastric administration of Zhideke granules, 16 prototype components (i.g. irisflorentin, baicalin, chlorogenic acid) and 11 metabolites (i.g. hydration products of kaempferol or luteolin, methylation products of chlorogenic acid, and hydroxylation products of baicalin) were identified in serum, urine and feces of rats. Among them, 8 prototype components and 4 metabolites were identified in serum samples; 10 prototype components and 7 metabolites were identified in urine samples; 8 prototype components and 5 metabolites were identified in the fecal samples. CONCLUSIONS The metabolites of Zhideke granules in rats mainly include baicalin, irisflorentin,chlorogenic acid, and the main metabolic pathways included methylation, hydroxylation, glucuronidation.

2.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 127-133, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential genetic causes of unexplained neonatal encephalopathy.Methods:This retrospective study enrolled 113 infants diagnosed with unexplained neonatal encephalopathy and underwent genetic testing in the Children's Hospital of Hunan Province from January 2019 to May 2021. Perinatal data, clinical manifestations, electroencephalograph, brain MRI findings, genetic information, and prognosis of those patients were analyzed. T-test or Chi-square test were used for data analysis. Results:Of the 113 infants enrolled, 74 (65.5%) were males. The gestational age at birth was (38.6±1.5) weeks, and the birth weight was (2 957±561) g. The most common clinical manifestation was the disturbance of consciousness (83/113, 73.5%), followed by seizures (39/113, 34.5%). There were 38.2% (34/89) of the patients with abnormal brain MRI, and 80.4% (74/92) presented abnormal electroencephalography. Among the 113 infants, 60 (53.1%) had genetic abnormalities, including 48 with single nucleotide variations, eight with copy number variations, and four with chromosome abnormalities. Single nucleotide variations in the 48 patients were classified into syndromic ( n=18, 37.5%), metabolic ( n=16, 33.3%), epileptic ( n=11, 22.9%) and mitochondrial-related genes ( n=3, 6.3%), of which 14 were not included in any database. Among the 103 cases which were successfully followed up until December 31, 2021, 75 (72.8%) had a poor prognosis, including 52 (50.5%) death cases and 23 (22.3%) cases of development retardation. Birth weight and the incidence of seizures in the poor prognosis group were both lower than those in the non-poor prognosis group [(2 876±536) vs (3 254±554) g, t=3.15; 29.3% (22/75) vs 53.6% (15/28), χ2=5.20; both P<0.05], while the incidence of disturbance of consciousness was higher [80.0% (60/75) vs 53.6% (15/28), χ2=7.19, P<0.05]. The proportion of infants with genetic abnormalities in the poor prognosis group was higher than that in the non-poor prognosis group, but the difference was not statistically significant [53.3% (40/75) vs 46.4% (13/28), χ2=0.39, P=0.533]. Conclusions:Genetic abnormality is one of the leading causes of unexplained neonatal encephalopathy. Nucleotide variation is the most common genetic type. Syndromic, metabolic, and epileptic variants are frequently detected in these patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 86-91, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990728

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical features and treatment strategy of neonatal ureaplasma meningitis.Methods:During 2021, the clinical data of 2 neonates with ureaplasma meningitis treated in Children's Hospital of Hunan Province were retrospectively analyzed. Literature on this subject were searched in the following databases: CNKI, Wanfang Database, Chinese Medical Journal Full-Text Database, CQVIP database, SinoMed, PubMed, Embase and Web of Science (up to March 2022). The key words included “infant”, “neonate”, “newborn”, “ureaplasma”, “mycoplasma urealytium”, “meningitis”, “central nervous system infection”, “brain”. The clinical data, treatment and prognosis of patients from the literature were summarized.Results:Case 1, female, gestational age(GA) 33 +3 weeks, intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and ventricular dilatation were found on 2 d after birth. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) routine and biochemistry tests indicated meningitis, but the CSF culture was negative. No improvement after antibiotic treatment. CSF metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) and 23S rRNA showed Ureaplasma urealyticum on 30 d after birth. The patient was treated with doxycycline (DOX) for 21 d until mNGS turned negative and DOX was discontinued. However, the disease recurred 23 d later and erythromycin was added with DOX as combined therapy. The patient was followed up until 6 months without neurodevelopmental disabilities. Case 2, male, GA 26 weeks, ICH and ventricular dilatation were found on 10 d after birth. The CSF routine and biochemistry tests indicated meningitis, but the CSF culture was negative. No improvement after antibiotic treatment. CSF mNGS and 23S rRNA showed Ureaplasma parvum. The patient received erythromycin therapy for 32 d and had normal neurodevelopment at 5 months. According to the literature, 43 cases were reported including the 2 cases descirbed above, 17 cases were full-term infants and 26 cases were preterm infants. The median CSF leukocytes, glucose and proteins were 566 cells/mm 3, 0.2 mmol/L and 2.2 g/L. 27 cases were diagnosed based on CSF culture, 6 cases using mNGS, 4 cases with both CSF culture and PCR method and 6 cases with other methods. Macrolides alone were used in 14 cases, macrolides combined with another antibiotic were used in 8 cases, non-macrolide antibiotics were used in 9 cases and 12 cases didn't receive any anti-ureaplasma therapy. All 17 term infants survived, however, 8 cases with hydrocephalus. Among the 26 preterm infants, 8 patients died, 18 patients had periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage and 15 patients had hydrocephalus. Conclusions:Neonatal ureaplasma meningitis has significantly lower CSF glucose level with hydrocephalus as the common complication. For intracranial infections of unknown etiology and no response to treatment, mNGS is helpful in determining the pathogen.Neonatal ureaplasma meningitis should be treated with macrolides alone or as add-on therapy.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 1018-1026, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014707

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the correlation between 25-hydroxyvitamin D and metabolically associated fatty liver disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A total of 2 406 subjects in Standardized Metabolic Disease Control were recruited from the National Center for Standardized Metabolic Disease Control in The First Hospital of Lanzhou University. The population was divided into Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4 according to 25(OH)D quartile. The prevalence of MAFLD and related clinical indicators among the four groups were compared, and the influencing factors of MAFLD were analyzed by Logistic regression. Restricted cubic spline (RCS) was used to explore the relationship between 25(OH)D and MAFLD. RESULTS: The prevalence of MAFLD was different with different vitamin D levels. The prevalence of MAFLD was lower in the group with high 25(OH)D level. The level of 25(OH)D in patients with MAFLD was lower than that in patients with T2DM alone, and the number of vitamin D deficiency was relatively higher. Multivariate regression analysis showed that 25(OH)D was not associated with the risk of MAFLD. RCS analysis also suggested that 25(OH)D was not associated with the risk of MAFLD. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of MAFLD is high in people with low vitamin D level, and vitamin D is not associated with the risk of MAFLD after multivariate adjustment.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2481-2486, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955037

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the optimum time of ambulation of atrial fibrillation patients after radiofrequency ablation, to provide basis for patients' early postoperative rehabilitation.Methods:By convenient sampling method, a total of 120 patients with atrial fibrillation after radiofrequency ablation were collected at Yanghu Branch and City Branch of Changzhou Second People's Hospital from January 2020 to May 2021. They were divided into the early group, middle group and late group according to the random number table method, each group were 40 cases. All patients received routine postoperative intervention, the time of ambulation were 4, 6 and 12 h after operation in the early group, middle group and late group, respectively. The complication rate within 24 h after operation was compared among the three groups, and the comfort level of the three groups at 24, 48 and 72 h after operation was evaluated with Comfort Status Scale (GCQ).Results:Finally, 111 patients were included, including 37 in the early group, 38 in the middle group and 36 in the late group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of bleeding or hematoma, urinary retention, lumbago within 24 h after operation among the three groups ( P>0.05). The incidence of postural hypotension within 24 h after operation in the early group was 2.7% (1/37), which was lower than 21.1% (7/38) and 25.0% (9/36) in the middle and late groups, with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=4.86, 7.67, both P<0.05). At 48 and 72 h after operation, the scores of physiological dimension, psychological dimension and the total score of GCQ in the early group were (20.68 ± 3.07), (22.54 ± 3.35), (81.68 ± 6.11) and (22.54 ± 3.73), (24.38 ± 2.49), (84.92 ± 6.37), higher than those in the middle group (19.16 ± 2.19), (21.32 ± 2.27), (78.24 ± 5.58), (20.93 ± 2.85), (22.32 ± 2.04), (81.66 ± 6.56), and those in the late group (18.44 ± 1.50) (21.31 ± 1.99), (78.06 ± 4.32), (20.89 ± 2.25), (21.58 ± 1.86), (80.28 ± 6.44), the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.19-4.15, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Ambulation at 4 h after operation does not increase peripheral vascular complications, but can reduce the incidence of postural hypotension and improve the comfort of patients with atrial fibrillation after radiofrequency ablation.

6.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 569-571, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004258

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the causes and treatments for the incompatible crossmatching between a patient, who underwent the minor ABO mismatches lung transplantation, and the blood donor with ABO-compatible blood. 【Methods】 A patient, who underwent the minor ABO mismatches (donor group O; recipient group A) lung transplantation developed a continuous decrease in Hb for 13 days after surgery, The blood sample of the patient presented major crossmatching incompatibility with the blood donors and the causes of it were analyzed by the recipient′s blood type reviewing, direct antiglobulin test, antibody screening and erythrocyte elution. 【Results】 The patient’s serum reacted with A1 erythrocyte reagent with agglutination strength at ±, and enhanced to 1+ at 4℃ after 10 min incubation.Antibodies were not detected by 10-cell panel and the effects of unexpected antibodies were excluded.The results of direct antiglobulin test and elution test were positive, and eluted anti-A antibody was detected.Combined with the patient′s continuous decline in Hb and elevated total bilirubin, passenger lymphocyte syndrome (PLS) was clinically diagnosed.After the transfusion of 6 U of O-type washed RBCs, the symptoms of anemia were improved and no adverse reactions occurred. 【Conclusion】 PLS may occur after an ABO mismatched solid organ transplantation.Most of the hemolytic symptoms are not obvious and easy to ignore, therefore clinical indicators of direct antiglobulin test results, Hb and total bilirubin should be continuously monitored after transplantation for early detection and timely treatment of PLS to avoid major adverse consequences.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 578-583, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871427

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of linked color imaging (LCI) for the colorectal polyp detection, especially detection of adenoma.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the patients who underwent LCI or white light imaging(WLI) mode of LASEREO colonoscopy from May 2018 to March 2019.The differences of the detection rates in the global polyps, adenomatous polyps, flat polyps, small polyps (≤5 mm) and right-sided polyps under two modes were compared. Color differences between the adenomatous polyps and surrounding mucosa (ΔE) were examined under two modes, based on L *a *b * color space by the Commission Internationale de L′Eclairage in 1976. Results:The global polyp detection rate, especially adenoma detection rate, in LCI group was higher than that in WLI group(45.53% VS 32.83%, P=0.038; 53.65% VS 39.62%, P=0.009). The color difference(ΔE) between adenomatous polyps and surrounding mucosa in LCI group was significantly higher than that in WLI group(27.24±8.67 VS 15.28±6.68, P<0.001). In addition, the detection rates of flat polyps, small polyps and right-sided polyps in LCI group were higher than those in WLI group (61.98% VS 47.17%, P=0.005; 60.94% VS 42.77%, P=0.001; 45.83% VS 32.70%, P=0.012). Conclusion:LCI can effectively improve the colorectal polyp detection rate, especially adenoma detection rate, which is worthy of clinical application.

8.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 419-422, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699321

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the occurrence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants and to determine the risk factors of severe BPD.Method From January 2007 to January 2017,ELBW infants admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Hunan Children's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.They were assigned into severe and mild/moderate groups based on the severity of BPD.The general condition,maternal status,prenatal and delivery room treatment,transportation,clinical courses,therapy and outcome in NICU of the two groups were compared,and the risk factors of severe BPD were analyzed.Result A total of 367 cases were hospitalized during the 10 years.281 ELBW infants with complete medical records survived longer than 28 days were enrolled in this study.Among them,233 had BPD.Among BPD infants,116 cases were in the severe BPD group,47 cases (40.5%) died.117 cases were in the mild/moderate BPD group and 1 case (0.9%) died.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05).Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors of severe BPD were duration of mechanical ventilation ≥ 7 days (OR =7.518,95 % CI 3.197 ~ 17.676),ventilator-associated pneumonia (OR =3.047,95 % CI 1.436 ~ 6.464),1 min Apgar score ≤7 (OR =2.341,95 % CI 1.142 ~ 4.796) and patent ductus arteriosus (OR =2.223,95 % CI 1.079 ~4.582).Conclusion The incidence and mortality of BPD,especially severe BPD,are high in ELBW infants.Avoiding asphyxia,shortening the time of mechanical ventilation,preventing infection and closing ductus arteriosus are important measures to reduce the severity of BPD.

9.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 153-157, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514760

ABSTRACT

Intestinal neuronal dysplasia is a common disease of chronic constipation in children, which is one of the Hirschsprung disease allied disorders. In recent years, the diagnostic methods of intestinal neuronal dysplasia have been improved, but diagnostic criteria are not standardized yet. The treatments include conservative treatment and surgical treatment. Special attention should be paid to save the integrity of the anal canal during operation. Moreover, using intestinal transplantation of neural stem cells and small intestinal transplantation to treat intestinal neuronal dysplasia has gained increasing attention.

10.
China Oncology ; (12): 140-144, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490094

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose:Pathogenic gene polymorphism may affect the function of gene, leading to the difference of individual tumor susceptibility and heterogeneity of bioactive substances in individuals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the interrelationship betweenHER-2 gene polymorphism and its protein expression, and to evaluate their association with the clinicopathological characteristics of breast cancer.Methods:The data from a total number of 303 female breast cancer patients of Han ethnicity were collected. The MassARRAY platform was used to examineHER-2 gene rs2517954 and rs2517955 single nucleotide polymorphisms. Meanwhile immunohistochemistry was used to detect HER-2 protein expression and corresponding estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), P53 and Ki-67 expressions in breast cancer tissues. Pearson chi-square test was used to study the relationship of the two loci and the protein expression, and their correlation with clinicopathological features of breast cancer was analyzed.Results:Under the codominant model,HER-2 gene rs2517954 and rs2517955 loci polymorphisms were associated with its protein expression (χ2=9.613,P=0.008;χ2=9.613,P=0.008). And under the dominant model,HER-2 gene rs2517955 loci TT homozygous and CT heterozygous mutant was associated with its protein expression (χ2=8.894,P=0.003). There were no signiifcant correlations betweenHER-2 gene rs2517954, and rs2517955 loci polymorphisms, and breast cancer patients’ clinical stage, tumor size, histological grade, lymph node metastasis, ER, PR, Ki-67 and P53 expressions (P>0.05).Conclusion:HER-2 gene rs2517955 loci polymorphism is correlated with its protein expression. Further studies may be helpful to elucidate the mechanism of HER-2 protein expression in breast cancer.

11.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2881-2884,2885, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604700

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical curative effect of recombinant human endostatin injection combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of patients with advanced gastric cancer and malignant ascites,and its influence on the quality of life.Methods 62 patients with advanced gastric cancer from July 2012 to July 2015,were randomly divided into observation group (31 cases)and control group (31 cases).The control group was treated with FOLFOX6 chemotherapy,the observation group was given recombinant human endostatin injection on the basis of the treatment of the control group.The two groups were treated for 3 weeks.The curative effect,QOL score,Karnofsky score,the change of serum CEA and CA19 -9 levels and drug adverse reaction incidence before and after treatment were compared in the two groups.Results The RR of the observation group was higher than that of the control group (54.84 vs 29.03%,χ2 =4.239 3,P 0.05).Conclusion The clinical efficacy of recombinant human endostatin injec-tion combined with malignant ascites in the treatment of patients with advanced gastric carcinoma is significant,and can significantly improve the quality of life of patients,has the important research value.

12.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 79-81, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456594

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a wearable electro-therapeutic apparatus for chronic soft tissue lesion, which used low frequency electric pulse to treatment the shoulder, back and waist of human body.Methods: The fabric electrodes are fixed on specific position of the elastic vest. The vest elasticity ensures that the electrode and the users are in close contact. MSP430 microcontroller is used as the core of control board. Low frequency pulses for treatment are generated by PWM mode of MSP430 Timer1, then pass through the power amplifier and are added to human body by fabric electrodes. Meanwhile the impedance between electrodes is monitored to avoid the striking fire burns the skin of the human body and ensure user’s safety. The wireless data communication and control between intelligent mobile phone and MSP430 microcontroller are achieved by Bluetooth technology.Results:The developed wearable electrotherapy instrument is easy to operate, safe and reliable, convenient for the daily busy office workers treatment and rehabilitation in working time.Conclusion: It is very fitful for long-term therapy and save the time.

13.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 7636-7641, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438937

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:With the increasing incidence of distal tibial fractures, locking plate fixation has become the preferred internal fixation method. OBJECTIVE:To analyze the biomechanical performance of distal tibial fractures, and to study the difference between medial and lateral locking plate methods for internal fixation of distal tibial fractures. METHODS:Articles concerning the biomechanics of the internal fixation of distal tibial fractures were col ected by literature search. The articles that met the criteria were analyzed in depth. In this paper, a biomechanical comparison between locking plate fixation and intramedul ary nail fixation was done as wel as the stress distribution and mechanism of the ankle joint. Meanwhile, 60 patients with distal tibial fractures who had received medial or lateral locking plate fixation at the Department of Orthopedics, Chongming Branch, Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, China from January 2009 to January 2012 were enrol ed for efficiency comparison. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: For patients with distal tibial fractures, it is easy to cause posterior mal eolus fractures, Y-shaped fractures and anterior tibial compression, respectively, in the plantar flexion position, neutral position, and dorsiflexion position. Locking plate is better than the intramedul ary nail in the torsional force, and the intact fibula contributes to the improvement of fixed effects of these two internal fixation methods. When the fibula cannot be effectively fixed, the locking plate fixation has a better stability than the intramedul ary nail. Moreover, there is no difference in the fracture healing after fixation with medial and lateral locking plates. However, a lower incidence of complications and better function recovery of the ankle joint can be realized after lateral locking plate fixation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 312-316, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416581

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) in detecting metastatic lymph nodes from nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC),and predicting the response of these nodes to concurrent chemoradiation (CRT).Methods Eighteen patients with pathologically proven NPC received conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and DWI before treatment,weekly during treatment,and one month after treatment.DWI was performed using a single-shot echo-planar (SSEPI) MR imaging sequence with b values of 0 and 1500 s/mm2.ADC maps were reconstructed for all patients and ADC values were calculated for each lymph node and tongue muscle.Totally fifty-two morphologically abnormal lymph nodes were analyzed.The ADC values of the metastatic lymph nodes before treatment were compared between those with the short axis≥10 mm (n=32) and those with the short axis<10 mm (n=20),and the dynamic changes in ADC values of the lymph nodes before,during,and after therapy were observed and recorded.Results The average ADC of the 32 lymph nodes with the short axis ≥ 10 mm was (0.71±0.12) x 10-3mm/s,not significantly different from that of the 20 lymph nodes with the short axis < 10 mm [(0.73±0.16) x 10-3mm/s,t = 1.11 ,P =0.27].The average ADC values of these lymph nodes before treatment was significantly lower than that of the tongue muscle (t = 19.35,P < 0.0001).During CRT,the ADC values of the lymph nodes increased gradually,with the most evident change in the first two weeks before reaching a relatively flat plateau thereafter.The ADC value of the residual lymph nodes after CRT was significantly higher than that before treatment (t = 12.72,P < 0.0001),however,not statistically significant different from that of the normal tongue muscle (t = 0.34,P = 0.73).Conclusions DWI plays an important role in diagnosing the metastatic lymph nodes from NPC and is feasible for observation of the early response of the lymph nodes to IMRT,thus helping the clinicians make appropriate treatment planning and replanning in the course of radiotherapy.

15.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 3214-3215, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385138

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of inflammation of blood vessels to microcirculation disturbance in liver of patients with chronic hepatitis B(CHB). Methods188 cases of hepatic tissue with CHB were observed by light microscope and electronmicroscope.They were graded according to the inflammation of blood vessels in liver,and to discuss the relationship between the inflammation of blood vessel and microcirculation disturbance. ResultsAccording to the inflammation of blood vessels in liver,188 cases of CHB were divided to 3 grades,67 cases in grade 1,89 cases in grade 2 and 32 cases in grade 3.The rate of hepatic sinusoidal stenosis,hepatic sinusoidal blockage,the formation of microthrombus,decreased sizes and reduced numbers of sinusoidal endothelial cells' penestrate,the formation of collagen in Disse's spaces and the formation of basilar membrane increased along with the aggravation of inflammation of hepatic blood vessels. ConclusionInflammation of hepatic blood vessels was an important factor on microcirculation disturbance in liver of patients with CHB.It should be done something to improve the microcirculation,and decrease inflammation at the same time.

16.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1262-1265, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380357

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop an ELISA(Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay)diagnostic kit for early rapid detection of sarum anti-EV71 antibody and evaluate its clinical application value.Methods Recombinant protein VP1 of EV71 were prepared and purified as an immobilized antigen for establishment of an indirect ELISA for detection of serum anti-EV71 IgM and anti-EV71 IgG.Compared with RT-PCR.isolation of EV71 and micro-neutralizing assay.the clinical application value of anti-EV71 IgM and anti-EV71 ISG in the diagnosis of EV71 disease was evaluated.Results In comparison with RT-PCR.the sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value and negative predictive value of anti-EV71 IgM antibody were 83%,85%,81%and 87%,respectively.The sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value and negative predictive value of anti-EV71 IgG antibody were 72%,74%,68%and 77%.respectively.Compared with viral isolation assay.the sensitivity and specificity of anti-EV71 IgM antibody were 85%and 97%,respectively.The sensitivity and specificity of anti-EV71 IsG antibody were 75%and 77%,respectively.In addition.the titers of anti-EV71 IgG antibody were significantly correlated with the titers of neutralizing antibody to EV71 by linear regression analysis(r=0.72,P<0.05).Finally,the serum titers of anti-IgG from patients with EV71 associated hand food and mouth disease at convalescent stage exhibited significantly higher than that of the same patients at acute stage(P<0.01),but the titers of anti-IgM had no significant difference(P>0.05).Conclusions With VP1 recombinant protein used as an immobilized antigen,an indirect ELISA diagnostic kit was successfully develooed for detection of serum anti-human EV71 IgM and anti-human EV71 IgG antibodies.

17.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53)2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-595153

ABSTRACT

0.70,and the Cronbach's ? value for satisfaction of management domain was 0.44.The ICC of the SRS-22 questionnaire,0.94,0.86,0.77,0.74,0.84,showed a satisfactory reproducibility.Five public factors were obtained by factor analysis compared with the five domains of SRS-22 questionnaire.For the concurrent validity,5 domains had excellent correlation,9 had good correlation,and 26 had correlation.CONCLUSION:The adapted simplified Chinese version of the SRS-22 questionnaire has satisfactory reliability and concurrent validity,and might be suitable for post-operative clinical evaluation of Chinese adolescent scoliosis patients.

18.
Acta Nutrimenta Sinica ; (6)1956.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-556377

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the antihyperglycemic effect of flavonoids from seed (FSH) and fruit(FFH) of Hippophae rhamnoides L.on diabetic rats induced by streptozotocin (STZ). Methods: The STZ-induced diabetic rats were randomly divided into four groups and were given intragastrically (ig) water, metformin, FSH and FFH respectively once a day. After four weeks, the levels of serum glucose, fructosamine, lipid, protein, GSH and lactic acid (LD) were assayed. Results: FSH could reduce the levels of serum glucose, fructosamine and triglyceride significantly, increase the contents of serum total protein and albumin obviously, enhance the ability of antioxidation in STZ-induced diabetic rats. FSH also could decrease food and water intake of diabetic rats evidently. But FSH had little effect on LD, LDH, glycogen and body weight in diabetic rats. FFH was not as good as FSH. Conclusion: FSH is antihyperglycemic , and can improve the metabolic derangements of STZ- induced diabetic rats.

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