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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009359

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a fetus with Cardiac valvular dysplasia type 1 (CVDP1).@*METHODS@#A CVDP1 fetus identified at the Ningbo Women and Children's Hospital on July 7, 2022 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the fetus was collected. The fetus and its parents were subjected to trio-whole exome sequencing (trio-WES), and candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The fetus had exhibited generalized edema, complex cardiac malformation, abdominal effusion, and enhanced intestinal and renal parenchymal echoes. Trio-WES revealed that it has harbored compound heterozygous variants of the PLD1 gene, namely c.2977C>T (p.R993*) and c.1460G>A (p.W487*), which were respectively inherited from its father and mother. Neither variant was reported previously. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the c.2977C>T (p.R993*) variant was evaluated to be likely pathogenic (PVS1_Moderate+PM2_Supporting+PM3+PP4), whilst the c.1460G>A (p.W487*) variant was evaluated to be pathogenic (PVS1+PM2_Supporting+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#The c.2977C>T (p.R993*) and c.1460G>A (p.W487*) compound heterozygous variants of the PLD1 gene probably underlay the CVDP1 in the fetus. Above discovery has enriched the mutational spectrum of the PLD1 gene and provided a guidance for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis in this family.


Subject(s)
Child , Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Fetus , Genetic Counseling , Genomics , Kidney , Mutation , Phenotype
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009298

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology for a fetus with hydrocephalus and intraventricular hemorrhage.@*METHODS@#Trio whole exome sequencing was carried out. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing of the fetus and its parents.@*RESULTS@#The fetus was found to harbor c.818G>A (p.W273X) and c.833T>C (p.L278P) compound heterozygous variants of the PROC gene, which were respectively inherited from its mother and father. Based on the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), both variants were predicted to be likely pathogenic (PVS1_Strong+PM2_Supporting+PP4; PM2_Supporting+PM3+PP1+PP3+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#The fetus was diagnosed with Protein C deficiency due to the c.818G>A (p.W273X) and c.833T>C (p.L278P) compound heterozygous variants of the PROC gene. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of PROC gene variants and enabled genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the family.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Protein C Deficiency , Fetus , Genetic Counseling , Genomics , Hydrocephalus/genetics , Mutation
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 43-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969706

ABSTRACT

Objective: To report the clinical manifestations and laboratory features of five patients with congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (cTTP) and explore its standardized clinical diagnosis and treatment along with a review of literature. Methods: Clinical data of patients, such as age of onset, disease manifestation, personal history, family history, and misdiagnosed disease, were collected. Treatment outcomes, therapeutic effects of plasma infusion, and organ function evaluation were observed. The relationship among the clinical manifestations, treatment outcomes, and ADAMTS13 gene mutation of patients with cTTP was analyzed. Additionally, detection of ADAMTS13 activity and analysis of ADAMTS13 gene mutation were explored. Results: The age of onset of cTTP was either in childhood or adulthood except in one case, which was at the age of 1. The primary manifestations were obvious thrombocytopenia, anemia, and different degrees of nervous system involvement. Most of the patients were initially suspected of having immune thrombocytopenia. Acute cTTP was induced by pregnancy and infection in two and one case, respectively. ADAMTS13 gene mutation was detected in all cases, and there was an inherent relationship between the mutation site, clinical manifestations, and degree of organ injury. Therapeutic or prophylactic plasma transfusion was effective for treating cTTP. Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of cTTP vary among individuals, resulting in frequent misdiagnosis that delays treatment. ADAMTS13 activity detection in plasma and ADAMTS13 gene mutation analysis are important bases to diagnose cTTP. Prophylactic plasma transfusion is vital to prevent the onset of the disease.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Adult , Blood Component Transfusion , Plasma , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic/therapy , Mutation , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , ADAMTS13 Protein/therapeutic use
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990173

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a quality evaluation index system of pulmonary rehabilitation for lung cancer patients in order to supply reference for evaluation of rehabilitation quality for lung cancer patients.Methods:This research adopted Delphi technique of non-experimental study. A total of 25 experts were invited to participate 2 rounds of letter enquiry from January to April in 2022. Literature retrieval, group discussion and Delphi method were used to establish the evaluation system of pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with lung cancer based on the social ecology theory.Results:The recovery rates of the two rounds of expert correspondence were 84%(21/25) and 100%(21/21), respectively, the expert authority coefficient was 0.824, and the Kendall′s W value was 0.279 and 0.186, respectively, which were statistically significant ( χ2=409.57, 218.23, both P<0.05). The finally formed quality evaluation index system of pulmonary rehabilitation for lung cancer patients based on social ecology theory included 4 first-level indicators, 11 second-level indicators, and 42 third-level indicators. Conclusions:The evaluation system of pulmonary rehabilitation for lung cancer surgery patients constructed in this study has certain scientificity and practicability, and provides a reference for the continuous improvement of the quality of care for lung cancer patients in our country.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970874

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of a Chinese pedigree featuring non-simplex blepharocheilodontic syndrome.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing was carried out to detect genetic variant and copy number variations (CNVs) in the pedigree. Suspected variants were verified by Sanger sequencing and qPCR.@*RESULTS@#The fetus and its elder brother, father and grandfather were found to harbor a heterozygous c.83delG (p.A29Rfs*55) variant of the CTNND1 gene, which was unreported previously. In addition, its elder brother was also found to be a double heterozygote for a c.235delC (p.L79Cfs*3) variant of GJB2 gene and a c.538C>T (p.R180X) variant of GJB3 gene, which were respectively inherited from his mother and father. CNVs analysis revealed a de novo heterozygotic deletion (1.46 Mb) at 17q12 in the mother, which was confirmed by qPCR. Based on American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics guidelines, the c.83delG variant, the c.235delC variant and the 17q12 microdeletion were predicted as pathogenic, while the c.538C>T variant was of uncertain significance.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.83delG (p.A29Rfs*55) variant of the CTNND1 gene probably underlay the pathogenesis of non-simplex blepharocheilodontic syndrome in this pedigree. The double heterozygous variants of c.235delC (p.L79Cfs*3) of GJB2 gene and c.538C>T (p.R180X) of GJB3 gene probably underlay the hearing loss in the elder brother. The bilateral renal cysts in the mother may be attributed to the 17q12 microdeletion. Above results have provided guidance for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Male , Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Aged , Pedigree , Mutation , DNA Copy Number Variations , East Asian People , China
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930489

ABSTRACT

Clinical data of a case of occult pulmonary actinomycosis with foreign body admitted to Shenzhen Children′s Hospital were retrospectively analyzed, and the relevant literatures were retrieved and reviewed.A female patient aged 6 years and 9 months planned to receive hematopoietic stem cell transplantation due to thalassemia.During the plain chest CT examination before the transplantation, flakes of shadows were examined in the right lower lung.The child had no clinical symptoms or pulmonary signs.The granulation tissue hyperplasia of the right lower lobe was detected by tracheoscopy, which was harvested for examination under tracheoscopy, and actinomycete infection was confirmed.Several bone fragments were found wrapped inside the granulation.After 6 months of treatment with Amoxicillin and Clavulanate potassium, the tracheoscopic manifestations and chest CT were improved.Pulmonary actinomycosis is a rare pulmonary infectious disease, which is much rarer in children than adults, manifesting as an insidious onset and atypical clinical manifestations.However, foreign bodies in children′s airway are common, which is favorable to infection.In clinical detection of actinomycete infection, the cause of infection should be concerned to prevent misdiagnosis and mistreatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954132

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between systemic inflammatory response index (SIRI) and the outcomes at 90 d after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods:Patients with acute ischemic stroke received intravenous thrombolysis in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2016 to December 2019 were retrospectively enrolled. SIRI was calculated according to neutrophil count, lymphocyte count, and monocyte count at admission. The modified Rankin Scale score was used to evaluate the outcomes at 90 d after onset. 0-2 was defined as good outcome, and 3-6 were defined as poor outcome. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the independent correlation between SIRI and poor outcomes. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of SIRI for poor outcomes. Results:A total of 303 patients with acute ischemic stroke receiving intravenous thrombolysis were enrolled in the study, including 178 (58.7%) males. Their median age was 69 years (interquartile range 60-78 years), and 69 patients (22.8%) had poor outcomes. SIRI in the poor outcome group was significantly higher than that in the good outcome group (1.53±2.45 vs. 3.51±4.73; P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at admission (odds ratio [ OR] 1.230, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.151-1.315; P<0.001) and SIRI ( OR 1.240, 95% CI 1.074-1.432; P=0.003) were significantly associated with the poor outcomes at 90 d. ROC curve analysis showed that the areas under the curve for SIRI and NIHSS scores alone and in combination to predict poor outcomes were 0.721 (95% CI 0.650-0.792; P<0.001), 0.824 (95% CI 0.771-0.878; P<0.001) and 0.853 (95% CI 0.804-0.902; P<0.001), respectively. The best cut-off values were 1.59, 8.00, and 0.23, respectively, and the sensitivity and specificity were 60.9% and 73.9%, 76.8% and 75.6%, 75.4% and 82.5%, respectively. Conclusions:High SIRI at admission is independently associated with 90-day poor outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with intravenous thrombolysis. SIRI may be used as an outcome predictor in patients undergoing intravenous thrombolysis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015744

ABSTRACT

A visualized, rapid, simple method was developed based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) to detect Vibrio splendidus in aquatic products and aquaculture waters. TakingVibrio splendidus as the research object, and the toxR gene of Vibrio splendidus as the target gene, the boiling method was determined as a fast method suitable for the genomic DNA extraction of Vibriosplendidus. The optimized and screened primers could specifically detect Vibrio splendidus, and the sensitivity of nucleic acid concentration detection could reach 10

9.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 5-10, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015356

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect and mechanism of astaxanthin on learning and memory ability of vascular dementia (VaD) mice. Methods The mice were used to establish VaD model by occlusion of bilateral common carotid artery. The mice were randomly divided into sham group, model group, astaxanthin low-dose group and astaxanthin high-dose group and then given corresponding forms of drug treatments. Morris water maze was used to investigate the learning, memory and space exploration abilities of mice in each group. At the same time, the pathological morphology of brain neurons, the expression of amyloid beta-peptides 42(Aβ

10.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1218-1223, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013012

ABSTRACT

At present, the legal, ethical and social issues involved in clinical nursing research have attracted increasing attention. This paper used SWOT analysis to explore the strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and challenges of nursing staff’s cognition of research ethics. The results showed that the internal factors of nursing staff’s cognition of research ethics mainly come from the factors of nurses themselves, nurse interpersonal relationship, the relationship between nurses and subjects, and the hospital factors. The external factors mainly rise from the social level, university education level, information technology application level. Therefore, to enhance nurses’ cognition of nursing research ethics, internal and external factors need to be taken into account, including improving the system of nursing scientific research ethics governance, enhancing the system protection of nursing scientific research ethics governance, strengthening the review and supervision of nursing scientific research ethics, and deeply developing the education and publicity of scientific research ethics.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920995

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the analgesic and sedative effects of acupuncture in elderly patients with severe pneumonia during invasive mechanical ventilation.@*METHODS@#A total of 188 elderly patients with severe pneumonia were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 94 cases in each group. Both groups were treated with routine nursing and treatment of severe pneumonia such as invasive mechanical ventilation, analgesia and sedation. Based on these, the observation group was treated with acupuncture at Neiguan (PC 6), Hegu (LI 4), Yintang (GV 29) and Baihui (GV 20), twice a day until the mechanical ventilation was offline. The critical care pain observation tool (CPOT) score and Richmond agitation-sedation score (RASS) were observed before treatment and 0.5 h after analgesia and sedation; the average time of reaching the standard, the reaching standard rate of shallow sedation and analgesia within 0.5 h and 72 h as well as the dosage of analgesic and sedative drugs and compilations were compared between the two groups. The mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR) and blood oxygen saturation (SpO@*RESULTS@#At the time point of 0.5 h after treatment, the CPOT and RASS scores in the two groups were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture has analgesic and sedative effect in elderly patients with severe pneumonia during invasive mechanical ventilation, which could reduce the dosage of sedative and analgesic drugs and the occurrence of complications, improve blood oxygen, and has good safety.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Analgesia , Intensive Care Units , Pain , Pneumonia , Respiration, Artificial
12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1062-1066, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909669

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the case data of endometrial cancer (EC), analyze the related factors of lymph node metastasis, and establish the prediction model, so as to provide reference for clinical practice.Methods:191 patients with endometrial cancer who were diagnosed and treated in department of gynecology of Baoding Maternal and Child Health Hospital from January 2010 to December 2019 were selected as the research objects. The demographic and surgical pathological information of the patients were analyzed retrospectively. The risk factors of lymph node metastasis were analyzed by univariate and logistic regression analysis, and the predictive model was established.Results:A total of 191 patients with EC, aged 26-76(53.1±9.5)years old, body mass index (BMI)18.70-40.20(25.84±3.94)kg/m 2, 13 cases (6. 81%) had lymph node metastasis. Univariate analysis showed that lymph node metastasis was associated with obesity (BMI≥28 kg/m 2), pathological type (non endometrioid adenocarcinoma), degree of differentiation, depth of myometrial invasion (>1/2) and vascular invasion ( P<0.05). Logistic multivariate analysis showed that low differentiation ( OR=9.475, 95% CI: 1.840-48.799), vascular invasion ( OR=6.614, 95% CI: 1.457-30.024) and deep muscle invasion ( OR=4.997, 95% CI: 1.342-18.600) were independent risk factors ( P<0.05). The regression equation: Logit P=-4.488+ 1.609× myometrial infiltration depth+ 1.889×vascular infiltration+ 2.249×degree of tissue differentiation. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) of EC lymph node metastasis probability P was 0.813 (95% CI: 0.688-0.938). The cut off value of 0.56 was ideal. At this time, the prediction sensitivity was 76.9% and the specificity was 79.2%. Conclusions:In clinical practice, gynecologists should consider the condition of EC patients and make operation plan to avoid over treatment or under treatment.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909265

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of medroxyprogesterone acetate combined with a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine contraceptive system (Mirena) on the levels of sex hormone and vascular endothelial growth factor in patients with moderate and severe endometriosis after laparoscopic surgery.Methods:A total of 102 patients with endometriosis who received laparoscopic conservative surgery in Hangzhou Ninth People's Hospital from October 2015 to May 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. They were randomly assigned to undergo either medroxyprogesterone acetate treatment alone (control group, n = 51) or medroxyprogesterone acetate treatment + levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine contraceptive system application (observation group, n = 51) for 6 successive months. Clinical efficacy, serum luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, estradiol and vascular endothelial growth factor levels, Visual Analogue Scale score, endometriosis recurrence rate, and adverse reactions were compared between the control and observation groups. Results:Total effective rate in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [94.12% (48/51) vs. 80.93% (41/51), χ2 = 4.320, P < 0.05]. At 6 months after surgery, serum luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, estradiol and vascular endothelial growth factor levels in the observation group were (5.72 ± 0.53) U/L, (5.05 ± 0.91) U/L, (156.02 ± 21.80) pmol/L and (155.39 ± 24.72) ng/L respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(6.51 ± 0.67) U/L, (5.73 ± 0.68) U/L, (177.20 ± 23.20) pmol/L and (186.22 ± 28.14) ng/L, t = 6.604, 4.275, 4.747 and 5.878, all P < 0.05). At 3 and 6 months after surgery, Visual Analogue Scale score in the observation group were (2.39 ± 0.33) points and (1.27 ± 0.20) points respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(2.72 ± 0.40) points, (1.52 ± 0.25) points, t = 4.545 and 5.577, both P < 0.05]. Two-year follow-up results revealed that endometriosis recurrence in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [1.96% (1/51) vs. 13.73% (7/51), χ2 = 4.883, P < 0.05]. There was no significant difference in total incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups [15.69% (8/51) vs. 13.73% (7/51), χ2 = 0.078, P > 0.05]. Conclusion:Application of medroxyprogesterone acetate combined with a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine contraceptive system after laparoscopic surgery for moderate and severe endometriosis can effectively regulate serum levels of sex hormone and vascular endothelial growth factor, decrease endometriosis recurrence rate and is highly safe. This method is worthy of clinical promotion.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909140

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes and clinical significance of serum matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC), cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA21-1), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in peripheral lung cancer.Methods:Sixty-eight patients with peripheral lung cancer who received treatment in Luqiao Hospital of Taizhou Enze Medical Center (Group) between January 2017 and January 2020 were included in the observation group. Sixty-five patients with benign lung diseases who concurrently received treatment in the same hospital were included in the observation group 1, and another 65 healthy participants who concurrently received physical examination were included in the control group. Serum levels of MMP-9, CYFRA21-1, SCC, NSE and CEA were compared among the three groups. The sensitivity and specificity of using these indicators alone and in combination in the diagnosis of peripheral lung cancer were compared.Results:Serum levels of MMP-9, CYFRA21-1, SCC, NSE and CEA in the observation group (14.98 ± 2.10) ng/mL, (17.13 ± 2.71) ng/mL, (1.98 ± 0.41) μg/mL, (24.13 ± 2.10) ng/mL and (17.10 ± 2.10) ng/mL, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the observation group 1 [(9.12 ± 1.41) ng/mL, (10.12 ± 1.58) ng/mL, (1.37 ± 0.31) μg/mL, (16.31 ± 1.78) ng/mL, (12.13 ± 1.79) ng/mL] and control group [(5.10 1 ± 0.68) ng/mL, (6.02 ± 0.94) ng/mL, (0.71 ± 0.11) μg/mL, (11.10 ± 1.02) ng/mL, (8.13 ± 1.02) ng/mL] ( F1 = 932.781, F2 = 737.100, F3 = 368.591, F4 = 989.851, F5 = 462.291, all P < 0.05). Serum levels of MMP-9, CYFRA21-1, SCC, NSE and CEA in patients with stage I-II peripheral lung cancer were (11.12 ± 2.10) ng/mL, (9.12 ± 1.85) ng/mL, (1.52 ± 0.21) μg/mL, (18.12 ± 3.02) ng/mL, (7.52 ± 1.02) ng/mL, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in patients with stage III-IV peripheral lung cancer [(15. 89 ± 2.18) ng/mL, (21.56 ± 2.11) ng/mL, (2.04 ± 0.31) μg/mL, (28.15 ± 2.62) ng/mL, (15.12 ± 1.55) ng/mL, t1 = 9.013, t2 = 25.146, t3 = 7.714, t4 = 14.586, t5 = 22.705, all P < 0.05]. The sensitivity (83.33%) and specificity (86.67%) of combined detection of all indicators were significantly higher than those of single detection of MMP-9 (50.00%, 59.68%), CEA (50.00%, 61.29%), CYFRA21-1 (66.67%, 58.06%), SCC (50.00%, 54.84%) or NSE (66.67%, 58.06%) (all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Serum levels of MMP-9, CYFRA21-1, SCC, NSE and CEA in patients with peripheral lung cancer are significantly increased, which has an important value in the diagnosis of peripheral lung cancer. The combined detection of the above indicators can increase the diagnostic accuracy of peripheral lung cancer in the clinic.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907923

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expressions of programmed death-1 (PD-1) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) and clinicopathological characteristics in post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in children, with the aim of clarifying whether checkpoint inhibition of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors may serve as a therapy option.Methods:The clinical data of 13 cases of PTLD after allo-HSCT pathologically confirmed in Shenzhen Children′s Hospital from January 1, 2012 to December 30, 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.The detection was performed by immunohistochemical staining by MaxVision? method, Epstein-Barr virus(EBV) in situ hybridization and lymphoma gene rearrangement.The relationship between the expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 and the clinicopathological characteristics of PTLD were analyzed.Results:The expression of PD-1 was not correlated with gender, age, primary diseases, histopathological types, transplantation mode and the expression of EBV in situ hybridization (all P>0.05). The expression of PD-L1 was correlated with histopathological types ( P<0.05). Furthermore, the expression rate of PD-L1 on severe β-thalassemia was significantly higher than that of severe aplastic anemia [90.0%(9/10 cases) vs. 66.7%(2/3 cases)] and monomorphic PTLD was higher than that of polymorphic PTLD [100.0%(2/2 cases) vs. 83.3%(5/6 cases)]. Moreover, the positive PTLD in EBV was higher than the negative PTLD in EBV [90.9%(10/11 cases) vs. 50.0%(1/2 cases)]. The positive rates of PD-1 and PD-L1 in 13 cases with PTLD were 46.2%(6/13 cases) and 61.5%(8/13 cases) in tumor cells, 92.3% (12/13 cases) and 76.9% (10/13 cases) in microenvironmental cells, and 84.6%(11/13 cases) in EBV, respectively. Conclusions:PD-L1 has a higher positive rate in tumor cells with monomorphic PTLD; and routine staining for PD-1 and PD-L1 can be performed in all types of PTLD when standard immunotherapy and chemotherapy are ineffective.

16.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 503-514, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922524

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Influenza places a heavy public health burden in numerous countries every year. In addition to vaccines, there are some interventions that are effective in preventing influenza.@*OBJECTIVE@#This overview of systematic reviews (SRs) aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of interventions for influenza prevention.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2020, Issue 1 for relevant Cochrane SRs using the keywords "common cold," "influenza," and "flu."@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#Cochrane SRs that investigated the prevention of influenza were included. Participants included the general population without influenza or influenza-like symptoms, who were treated with preventative interventions and compared to individuals receiving no treatment or placebo.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Two reviewers independently screened citations against pre-defined inclusion criteria and extracted data. The methodological quality of these SRs was evaluated using the Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews-II (AMSTAR-II) guidelines. The primary outcome of our analysis was the incidence of influenza, and the secondary outcomes were the incidence of influenza-like illness and hospitalization. In addition to the narrative summary of SR findings, we also pooled data from homogeneous trials among these SRs and produced evidence mapping. We conducted a network meta-analysis to compare the effect across interventions and used the Cochrane approach to grading of recommendations, assessment, development, and evaluation (GRADE) to assess the quality of evidence.@*RESULTS@#Eleven Cochrane SRs were included, covering five medications, eleven vaccinations and four complementary therapies. Among these SRs, 73% scored "high" quality on AMSTAR-II rating. We found that eight interventions, including amantadine, garlic, and six different vaccines, were beneficial for reducing the incidence of influenza compared to placebo, while oseltamivir, zanamivir, Ganmao capsule, Echinacea, and another three types of vaccine were probably beneficial. Ganmao capsule ranked highest for influenza prevention in the network meta-analysis, followed by amantadine, garlic, and vaccines of all types. Monovalent inactivated parenteral vaccine was found to be beneficial in reducing the incidence of influenza-like illness. None of the interventions reduced the hospitalization rate.@*CONCLUSION@#High-quality evidence showed that garlic or vaccine had advantages in preventing influenza, and that vitamin C is not effective. The effect of other interventions needs to be further verified with high-quality evidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bayes Theorem , Influenza, Human/prevention & control , Network Meta-Analysis , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Vitamins
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905058

ABSTRACT

Based on the ancient Chinese medical literature and modern clinical application literature, Mahuangtang was systematically analyzed, including its origin, composition, processing requirements and others, in order to provide support for the development of this famous classical formula. It was found that there were some doubts about Mahuangtang, such as the original variety, the processing of decoction pieces, and the dose conversion ratio. On the basis of fully considering the actual needs of the development of famous classical formula preparations and the usage habits of modern clinical practice, the development suggestions of the author were as follows:Ephedrae Herba should be selected Ephedra sinica without removing knots, Cinnamomi Ramulus should be selected from Cinnamomum cassia, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma should select Glycyrrhiza uralensis and be roasted with honey, and Armeniacae Semen Amarum should be selected as Dan-processed products. The total dose of Mahuangtang was 24 g after conversion according to 1 Liang equal to 3 g as following the transition phenomenon and law. The preparation and usage method was as follows:took 1.8 L of water, first added Ephedrae Herba in water for decocting, evaporated 400 mL of water, removed the upper foam, then added the other three drugs, cooked over gentle heat to 500 mL, filtered the residue, took three times a day, about 160 mL warm decoction once. The major function recorded of Mahuangtang in ancient books was exterior sthenia syndrome of exogenous wind cold, it often used in the clinical treatment of cold, acute bronchitis, bronchial asthma and other diseases through the flexible application of the later doctors.

18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 337-341, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875690

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the usage of catering software and the creation of recipes by schools, as part of the Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students (NIPRCES) 2013-2017.@*Methods@#In each county of the 699 trial counties across 22 provinces in central and western area of China under the NNIPRCES, no less than 10% of primary and junior middle schools were randomly selected according to their catering mode (i.e., school feeding, food packages, and family feeding). School questionnaires were used to collect information concerning the schools and the creation of recipes.@*Results@#From 2013 to 2017, the utilization rate of catering software was 11.7%, 8.0%, 17.8%, 16.9%, and 14.0%, respectively with significant differences(χ 2=345.09,P<0.01). The creators of school-meal recipes included schools, the Education Bureau, hospitals and colleges, the centers of disease prevention and control. Differences were observed in the proportion of recipe creators across school type, area, and catering mode, while annual trends also varied (P<0.01), as indicated by the following proportions: 74.9%, 20.0%, 3.7%, 1.3%, respectively. Food safety was identified as the main factor that needs to be considered when creating school recipes, the proportions of which were 58.0%, 78.4%, 70.6%, and 87.4% from 2014 to 2017.@*Conclusion@#From 2013 to 2017, the utilization rate and the frequency of catering software were both relatively low, and recipe creation was in need of professional guidance. It is necessary to strengthen the popularization of catering software and improve the nutritional knowledge and skills of canteen workers to ensure the quality of school meals.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888397

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To delineate the clinical and genetic features of a fetus with micrognathia, low-set ears, microtia, polyhydramnios and anechoic stomach by ultrasonography.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out to detect genetic variant in the fetus, for which routine chromosomal karyotyping and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) yielded no positive finding. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#WES revealed that the fetus has carried a de novo nonsense c.2302C>T (p.Q768X) variant in exon 23 of the EFTUD2 gene, which was detected in neither parent. The variant was unreported previously and may lead to premature termination of the translation of EFTUD2 protein at the 768th amino acid. Bioinformatic analysis predicted the amino acid to be highly conserved and may alter the structure and function of the EFTUD2 protein.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.2302C>T variant of the EFTUD2 gene probably underlay the mandibulofacial dysostosis Guion-Almeida type in the fetus. Discovery of the novel variant has enriched variant spectrum of the EFTUD2 gene and provided a basis for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the family.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Fetus , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis/genetics , Mutation , Peptide Elongation Factors/genetics , Phenotype , Ribonucleoprotein, U5 Small Nuclear/genetics
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906422

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect and mechanism of modified Wenjingtang on endometriosis (EM) rats with kidney deficiency and blood stasis. Method:Healthy non-pregnant female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats of SPF grade were randomly divided into the blank group and experimental group. After being modeled via soaking in ice water and subcutaneous injection of epinephrine hydrochloride, the ones in the experimental group were further divided into the sham operation group and EM model group, with the former only undergoing laparotomy and the latter further receiving autologous endometrial transplant for triggering EM. The successfully modeled rats with EM due to kidney deficiency and blood stasis were randomized into the positive drug (danazol, 63 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group and low- (5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (10 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (20 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) modified Wenjingtang groups. The corresponding drugs were administered by gavage, once per day, for four weeks. Then the ectopic and eutopic endometrial tissues were stained with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) to observe the histopathological changes. The protein and mRNA expression levels of cysteinyl aspartate-specific proteinase-8 (Caspase-8), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), N-cadherin, and E-cadherin were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC), Western blotting, and real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), respectively. Result:The IHC and Western blot revealed that the protein expression levels of MMP-9 and N-cadherin in eutopic and ectopic endometrial tissues of the model group were significantly increased as compared with those in the sham operation group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the levels of Caspase-8 and E-cadherin was significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the danazol and low-, medium-, and high-dose modified Wenjingtang groups exhibited obviously down-regulated MMP-9 and N-cadherin protein expression in eutopic and ectopic endometrial tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), but up-regulated Caspase-8 and E-cadherin (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Real-time PCR uncovered that the mRNA expression levels of MMP-9 and N-cadherin in eutopic and ectopic endometrial tissues of the model group were significantly elevated as compared with those in the sham operation group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), whereas the levels of Caspase-8 and E-cadherin significantly declined (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The comparison with the eutopic endometrial tissue in the model group showed that the mRNA expression levels of MMP-9 and N-cadherin in the danazol group and high- and medium-dose modified Wenjingtang groups were significantly down-regulated, while those of Caspase-8 and E-cadherin were significantly up-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Modified Wenjingtang alleviates the immunosuppression and blocks the angiogenesis in EM rats with kidney deficiency and blood stasis syndrome by regulating the expression of such cytokines as Caspase-8, MMP-9, N-cadherin, and E-cadherin, thus exerting the therapeutic effect against EM. The above-mentioned micro-indicators are potential markers reflecting the disease (EM), syndrome (kidney deficiency and blood stasis), and pathological mechanisms (immunosuppression and angiogenesis).

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