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1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 163-169, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879747

ABSTRACT

Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status and Gleason score are commonly investigated factors for overall survival (OS) in men with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). However, there is a lack of consistency regarding their prognostic or predictive value for OS. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis to assess the associations of ECOG performance status and Gleason score with OS in CRPC patients and compare the two markers in patients under different treatment regimens or with different chemotherapy histories. A systematic literature review of monotherapy studies in CRPC patients was conducted in the PubMed database until May 2019. The data from 8247 patients in 34 studies, including clinical trials and real-world data, were included in our meta-analysis. Of these, twenty studies reported multivariate results and were included in our main analysis. CRPC patients with higher ECOG performance statuses (≥ 2) had a significantly increased mortality risk than those with lower ECOG performance statuses (<2), hazard ratio (HR): 2.10, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.68-2.62, and P < 0.001. The synthesized HR of OS stratified by Gleason score was 1.01, with a 95% CI of 0.62-1.67 (Gleason score ≥ 8 vs <8). Subgroup analysis showed that there was no significant difference in pooled HRs for patients administered taxane chemotherapy (docetaxel and cabazitaxel) and androgen-targeting therapy (abiraterone acetate and enzalutamide) or for patients with different chemotherapy histories. ECOG performance status was identified as a significant prognostic factor in CRPC patients, while Gleason score showed a weak prognostic value for OS based on the available data in our meta-analysis.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879662

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#It is a challenge for the primary hospitals to manage multiple trauma patients. In this article, we explored the advantage of establishing a surgical intensive care unit (SICU) predominant by cardiothoracic surgeons in the early management of multiple trauma.@*METHODS@#This was a retrospective study and patients with multiple trauma in our hospital were collected and divided into two groups, based on time period and treat modes: group A (retrospective observation group) where patients were treated with the traditional treatment mode from January 2017 to December 2017 and group B (study group) where patients were treated in the SICU predominant by cardiothoracic surgeons from January 2018 to December 2018. Clinical data including demographics, injury severity score (ISS), causes of injury, time intervals from reception to entering SICU or operating room and mortality three days after injuries were collected. Data were analyzed by SPSS 20.0 software. Categorical variables were presented as number and/or frequency and continuous variables as mean ± SD.@*RESULTS@#Altogether 406 patients were included in this study, including 217 patients in group A and 189 patients in group B. General data between the two groups revealed no significant difference: mean age (years) (35.51 ± 12.97 vs. 33.62 ± 13.61, p = 0.631), gender distribution (mean/female, 130/87 vs. 116/73, p = 0.589) and ISS (15.92 ± 7.95 vs. 16.16 ± 6.89, p = 0.698). Fall from height were the dominant mechanism of injury, with 135 cases in group A (71.4%) and 121 cases in group B (55.8%), followed by traffic accidents. Injury mechanism showed no significant differences between two groups (p = 1.256). Introduction of the SICU significantly improved the care of trauma patients, regarding speed and mortality. Time intervals between reception and entering SICU or operating room was (108.23 ± 6.72) min and (45.67 ± 7.96) min in group A and B, respectively (p = 0.001). Mortality three days after injuries was 13.89% and 5.53% in group A and B, respectively (p = 0.005).@*CONCLUSION@#Establishing a SICU predominant by cardiothoracic surgeons can reduce the early mortality rates in multiple trauma patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878981

ABSTRACT

To compare the effect of hot or warm property of Chinese medicine(CM) on the skin toxicity of essential oils(EOs) as penetration enhancer in vitro and in vivo, and explore the mechanism. EOs were extracted from WIM of Bichengqie(Litseae Fructus), Dingxiang(Flos Syzygii Aromatici), Huajiao(Pericarpium Zanthoxyli Bungeani), and Xiaohuixiang(Fructus Foeniculi) with warm property, and Ganjiang(Rhizoma Zingiberis), Gaoliangjiang(Rhizoma Alpiniae Officinari), Hujiao(Fructus Piperis), and Wuzhuyu(Fructus Evodiae Rutaecarpae) with hot property, respectively. Then the in vitro toxicity was evaluated by human keratinocyte cytotoxicity. In vivo skin irritation potency was also evaluated through pathological observation after topical administration. The components, especially those located in stratum corneum, were analyzed by GC-MS. The main components, namely monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes, of EOs extracted from CM with hot property,were detected for the interaction with keratino-lipid ceramide 3 by molecular simulation technology; and the interaction energy value was calculated based on the optimal conformation. It was found that the skin cell toxicity of EOs from CM with hot property was significantly higher than that of EOs from CM with warm property. However, there was no significant difference between them by in vivo skin irritation evaluation. Whether from CM with hot property or warm property, EOs showed a significant reduced toxicity compared with azone. Sesquiterpenes(33.56%±19.38%) were found to be one of the main components in EOs from CM with hot property, while almost no sesquiterpenes was found in EOs from CM with warm property. After topical administration of EOs from CM with hot property, sesquiterpenes were demonstrated to be prone to locate in stratum corneum. The results of molecular simulation also revealed that the interaction between sesquiterpenes and ceramide 3 was significantly stronger than that of monoterpenes(P<0.01). In conclusion, the location of sesquiterpenes in stratum corneum resulted in the significant difference between in vitro skin cell toxicity and in vivo skin irritation potency. The EOs from CM with hot property shall be taken into account for further development of potent penetration enhancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Monoterpenes/metabolism , Oils, Volatile/toxicity , Sesquiterpenes/metabolism , Skin/metabolism , Skin Absorption
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 113-129, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872623

ABSTRACT

Research on the material basis of Chinese materia medica (CMM) is the basis for modernization of CMM. High-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) has become a powerful tool for the qualitative analysis of the components of CMM. Some data-mining strategies based on high-resolution mass spectrometry, such as full-information tandem mass spectrometry scanning acquisition strategy, sequential windowed acquisition of all theoretical fragment ions, mass detect filter, characteristic ion filter, mass spectral tree similarity filter, etc. have greatly promoted the elucidation of the qualitative basis of CMM. In order to provide methods for the rapid discovery and structural characterization of components and metabolites of CMM, this review summarized the advances in HRMS-based data-mining technologies for detecting and characterizing the compounds and metabolites of CMM, which includes class compounds, all compounds and metabolites.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 274-282, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872620

ABSTRACT

Seventy-nine injectable herb extractions have been approved by the Chinese Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) and are frequently administered intravenously for various diseases. Unfortunately, herb-drug interactions are under-investigated and sometimes overlooked in the clinic. In the present investigation the in vitro inhibition of 9 drug metabolizing enzymes including CYP1A, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, and CYP3A was assessed using an appropriate probe substrate for each enzyme with human liver microsomes. Metabolite formation was quantified using a validated and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) assay. The IC50 of each herb extract was estimated using a concentration range from 5% to 0.5%, and the time-dependent inhibition of the nine CYP450 isoenzymes was also determined. Of the 79 approved iv herb injectables, 37 inhibited CYP1A, 24 inhibited CYP2A6, 41 inhibited CYP2B6, 36 inhibited CYP2C8, 31 inhibited CYP2C9, 41 inhibited CYP2C19, 13 inhibited CYP2D6, 25 inhibited CYP2E1, and 42 inhibited CYP3A with 50% or greater inhibition at a test concentration of 5% (v/v). IC50 differences were noted between pre-incubation or co-incubation assays with HLM for 30 min, with the time-dependent inhibitory (TDI) effects were observed with 2 injectables on CYP1A, 5 injectables on CYP2A6, 5 injectables on CYP2B6, 6 injectables on CYP2C8, 1 injectable on CYP2D6 and 6 injectables on CYP3A. Collectively, the results demonstrate that potential herb-drug interactions (HDIs) can occur with the concomitant use of herb injectables and prescription drugs that are cleared by CYP450 enzymes, and further investigation is warrant for the clinical relevance of these interactions.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the early and middle term clinical effects of mitral valve repair in children with mitral insufficiency.Methods:From January 2012 to January 2019, a total of 202 cases of children with mitral insufficiency treated by mitral valve repair were selected from the department of cardiothoracic surgery of Nanjing Children's Hospital, patients with atrioventricular septal defect, single ventricle and ischemic mitral regurgitation were excluded. Echocardiography was used to compare the preoperative and postoperative left ventricular function and degree of regurgitation in children to evaluate the early and middle term efficacy of mitral valvuloplasty.Results:There were 5 cases of early death(5/202, 2.5%) and 3 cases of late death(3/202, 1.5%). The mean follow-up time was(19.49±17.48) months(1-68 months). Postoperative echocardiography showed that the left heart function and mitral regurgitation were significantly improved.Conclusion:Mitral valvuloplasty can significantly correct mitral insufficiency in children, and it has satisfactory mid-term efficacy and good clinical value.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885076

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of vitamin K 2 on sevoflurane-induced cognitive decline in aged mice. Methods:A total of 72 SPF healthy female C57BL/6J mice, aged 12 months, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=18 each) using a random number table method: control+ corn oil group (group Con+ Oil), sevoflurane+ corn oil group (group Sevo+ Oil), control+ vitamin K 2 group (group Con+ K 2) and sevoflurane+ vitamin K 2 group (group Sevo+ K 2). The mice in Sevo+ Oil and Sevo+ K 2 groups were anesthetized with 2.5% sevoflurane+ 33% oxygen for 2 h. The mice in Con+ Oil and Con+ K 2 groups were treated with 33% oxygen only.The animals in Con+ Oil and Sevo+ Oil groups were intraperitoneally injected with corn oil 100 μl at 30 min before oxygen or sevoflurane inhalation.Vitamin K 2 (dissolved in corn oil, concentration 1 mg/ml) 100 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally in Con+ K 2 and Sevo+ K 2 groups.At 24 h after sevoflurane inhalation, 8 mice from each group were randomly selected and sacrificed, and the hippocampal tissues were removed for determination of activity of ATPase, contents of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and the expression of AT8 and PHF1 (by Western blot). The remaining 10 mice in each group received standardized feeding, and the cognitive function was assessed using Y-maze at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14 days after sevoflurane inhalation. Results:Compared with group Con+ Oil, the contents of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly increased, expression of AT8 and PHF1 were up-regulated, activity of ATPase was decreased, and spontaneous alternation percentage was decreased at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14 days after sevoflurane inhalation in group Sevo+ Oil ( P<0.05). Compared with group Sevo+ Oil, the contents of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly decreased, expression of AT8 and PHF1 were down-regulated, activity of ATPase was increased, and spontaneous alternation percentage was increased at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14 days in group Sevo+ K 2 ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the above indicators between group Con+ K 2 and group Sevo+ K 2 ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Vitamin K 2 can improve sevoflurane-induced cognitive decline in aged mice, the mechanism is related to increasing activity of ATPase and inhibiting the up-regulation of AT8 and PHF1 expression in hippocampus.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885056

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor/ heme oxygenase-1 (Nrf2/HO-1) signaling pathway in dexmedetomidine-induced reduction of oxygen-glucose deprivation and restoration (OGD/R) injury to microglia.Methods:BV-2 microglia were cultured in high-glucose DMEM culture medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum in an normal culture incubator at 37 ℃ (5%CO 2-21%O 2-74 %N 2). The cells were seeded in 96-well plates at a density of 1.5×10 4 cells/ml (200 μl/well) or 6-well plates at a density of 2×10 5 cells/ml (2 ml/well) and divided into 5 groups ( n=30 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), dexmedetomidine group (group D), group OGD/R, OGD/R+ dexmedetomidine group (group OGD/R+ D) and OGD/R+ dexmedetomidine+ ML385 group (group OGD/R+ D+ ML). The cells in group C were continuously cultured in a normal culture incubator for 26 h. In group D, dexmedetomidine at the final concentration of 10 μmol/L was added, cells were incubated for 2 h, and then were continuously incubated in a normal culture incubator for 26 h. In OGD/R, OGD/R+ D and OGD/R+ D+ ML groups, the culture medium was replaced with glucose-free DMEM culture medium, cells were cultured for 2 h in an incubator at 37 ℃ (5%CO 2-1%O 2-94 %N 2), the culture medium was replaced with high-glucose DMEM culture medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum and then the cells were cultured for 24 h in a normal incubator.Dexmedetomidine at the final concentration of 10 μmol/L was added at 2 h before OGD in OGD/R+ D and OGD/R+ D+ ML groups.Nrf-2 inhibitor ML385 at the final concentration of 4 μmol/L was added at 30 min before dexmedetomidine was added in group OGD/R+ D+ ML.Cells in 6 wells in each group were selected randomly for assessment of cell viability (by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay) and apoptosis (using flow cytometry), and for determination of the concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-10 in the supernatant (using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), the expression of Nrf2 in nucleus, Nrf2 and HO-1(by Western blot ) and the expression of HO-1 mRNA (by real-time polymerase chain reaction). Results:Compared with group C, the cell viability was significantly decreased, cell apoptosis rate and concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-10 in the supernatant were increased, and the expression of Nrf2 in nucleus, Nrf2, HO-1 and its mRNA was up-regulated in OGD/R and OGD/R+ D groups ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in each parameter mentioned above in group D ( P>0.05). Compared with group OGD/R, the cell viability and IL-10 in the supernatant concentration were significantly increased, cell apoptosis rate and concentrations of TNF-α and IL-6 in the supernatant were decreased and the expression of Nrf2 in nucleus, Nrf2, HO-1 and its mRNA was up-regulated in group OGD/R+ D ( P<0.05), and no significant changes were found in the parameters mentioned above in group OGD/R+ D+ ML ( P>0.05). Compared with group OGD/R+ D, the cell viability and concentration of IL-10 in the supernatant were significantly decreased, cell apoptosis rate and concentrations of TNF-α and IL-6 in the supernatant were increased and the expression of Nrf2 in nucleus, Nrf2, HO-1 and its mRNA was down-regulated in group OGD/R+ D+ ML ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which dexmedetomidine alleviates OGD/R injury to microglia may be related to promoting the activation of Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway and inhibition of inflammatory responses.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884554

ABSTRACT

Objective:To predict the dose of lumbosacral spine (LS) and pelvic bone marrow (PBM) based on kernel density estimation (KDE) in patients with gynecological tumors.Methods:Fifteen patients with gynecological tumors receiving radiotherapy plans with dose limitation for LS and PBM in our hospital were selected as training data for machine learning. Another 10 cases were selected as the data for model validation. The minimum directional distance between the dose point in the organs and the edge of the planned target volume for the LS and PBM was calculated. Model training was performed by KDE. The accuracy of the model prediction was evaluated by the root mean square error. The model was utilized to predict the actual planned doses of the LS and PBM, and a linear fitting was performed on the predicted dose volume histogram (DVH) and actual results. The prediction effect was assessed by the goodness of fit R 2. Results:In terms of the DVH parameters required by the planner, the prediction doses from the model were similar to those of the verification plans: the difference of PBM V 40Gy was 2.0%, the difference of the mean dose was 1.6 Gy, and the difference of LS V 10Gy was -0.4%. In the unrequired DVH parameters, except for the PBM V 10Gy, the predicted values of the model were significantly high. The difference between the DVH predicted by the model and the actual plan was small, and the R 2 of the LS and PBM were 0.988 and 0.995, respectively. Conclusions:The model based on KDE method can accurately predict the doses of the LS and PBM. This model can also be used as a method to ensure the quality of the plan, and improve the consistency and quality of the plan.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884177

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic performance of Xpert Mycobacterium tuberculosis/rifampin (Xpert MTB/RIF) assay for pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Methods:Clinical data of 226 patients with AIDS and suspected pulmonary TB in Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, Fudan University from July 2017 to November 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Fluorescence staining microscopy of sputum smear, BACTEC MGIT 960 liquid culture (or Roche solid culture) and Xpert MTB/RIF assay were implemented respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of Xpert MTB/RIF in the diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection and rifampin resistance were analyzed. Results:Totally 226 patients of suspected pulmonary TB were enrolled. There were 94(41.6%) patients had positive mycobacterium culture, in which 51 (54.3%) were MTB and 43 (45.7%) were nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). Using the positive MTB culture of sputum and mycobacterial protein from BCG of Rm 0.64 in electrophoresis (MPB64) as reference standard, the sensitivity and specificity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay for MTB diagnosis were 72.6%(95% confidence interval ( CI) 66.7%-78.4%) and 97.1% (95% CI 95.0%-99.3%), respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay for MTB diagnosis in patients with positive sputum smear were 76.7%(95% CI 67.7%-85.8%) and 90.0(95% CI 83.6%-96.5%), respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay for MTB diagnosis in patients with negative sputum smear were 50.0%(95% CI 41.8%-58.2%)and 99.3%(95% CI 97.9%-100.0%), respectively. With phenotypic resistance as reference standard, the sensitivity and specificity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay for rifampicin resistance were 75.0% and 100.0%, respectively. Conclusion:Among AIDS patients, the performance of Xpert MTB/RIF assay for pulmonary TB diagnosis is pretty good and could differentiate MTB from NTM rapidly, which has good application value.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1721-1727, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882143

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To i nvestigate the spectrum-effect relationship of analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of ethyl acetate extract from Zhuang medicine Stahlianthus involucratus from different habitats. METHODS :Ten batches of S. involucratus from different habitats were used as samples to investigate the anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of ethyl acetate extracts by xylene induced ear swelling test and acetic acid induced writhing test in mice. HPLC fingerprints of 10 batches of ethyl acetate extract from S. involucratus were established and their similarity was evaluated by using Similarity Evaluation System of TCM Chromatogram Fingerprint (2012 edition),and the common peaks were identified by comparison with the control. The spectrum-effect relationship of anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of ethyl acetate extract from S. involucratus were analyzed on the basis of Pearson correlation coefficient (auricle swelling degree and writhing times in 15 min as pharmacodynamic indexes )and Grey relational analysis (inhibition rate of ear swelling and analgesic rate as pharmacodynamic indexes ). RESULTS : batches of ethyl acetate extract from S. involucratus had obvious anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects ; inhibition rates of ear swelling in mice were 46.43%-55.16%,and the analgesic rates of mice were 45.56%-52.72%. A total of 18 common peaks were identified in 10 batches of samples ,andthe similarity between them and the control fingerprint was 0.994-0.997. Compared with substance control ,the pea ks 1,2 and 4 were identified as protocatechuic acid , p-hydroxy- 0771-4953513。E-mail:liangjie1101@126.com benzoic acid and p-hydroxybenzaldehyde,respectively. Results of Pearson correlation analysis showed that peak 10 and peak 18 were significantly negative correlated with auricle swelling degree and writhing times in 15 min(r were values -0.853,-0.738,P values were 0.002,0.015,respectively). Results of Gray correlation degree analysis showed that the correlation degree of 18 common peaks with inhibition rate of ear swelling and analgesic rate were all greater than 0.65;among them ,peaks 14,1(protocatechuic acid ),17,9,4(p-hydroxybenzaldehyde),2(p-hydroxybenzoic acid ), 16,7 and 6 showed the relatively high correlation degree (correlation degree >0.7);peak 1(protocatechuic acid ),17,14,9,16,2 (p-hydroxybenzoic acid )and 4(p-hydroxybenzaldehyde)showed the relatively high correlation degree (correlation degree >0.7). CONCLUSIONS:The ethyl acetate extract of S. involucratus show good anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Peak 1 (protocatechuic acid ),2(p-hydroxybenzoic acid ),10,14,17,18 may be its main active ingredients.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1689-1695, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881558

ABSTRACT

The intestinal absorption properties of the main effective components (glycyrrhizic acid, isoliquiritigenin, 6-gingerol, ginsenoside Rb1, atractylode-I) in Lizhong decoction (LZD) extracts were investigated with an in situ single-pass intestinal perfusion model in rats. UPLC-TQ-MS was used to determine the concentration of the five components in the intestinal perfusion. Animal welfare and experimental procedures were in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. As evaluation indexes for the intestinal absorption characteristics, the absorption rate constant (Ka) and the apparent permeability coefficient (Peff) of the five main ingredients were analyzed. Results showed that the best absorption sites for glycyrrhizic acid, isoliquiritin and 6-gingerol were the ileum, colon and duodenum, respectively, and the differences between different intestinal segments were statistically significant (P <0.05). There was no notable difference in Ka and Peff between ginsenoside Rb1 and atractylode-I in the different intestinal segments (P > 0.05), suggesting that they were absorbed throughout. The five components were well-absorbed in the whole intestine (Peff > 1.0×10-3 cm·min-1), indicating that LZD is suitable for preparing sustained, controlled release and enteric-coated preparations.

13.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 236-244, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880264

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer is a malignant with high incidence and mortality and adenocarcinoma is among the most popular subtypes. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation is one of the most important driver mutations for lung adenocarcinoma and EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) will benefit those patients with sensitive EGFR mutations. Recently, immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy, provide a new breakthrough treatment for lung cancer patients. Whereas immunotherapy as an emerging treatment does not benefit patients with EGFR mutations, for which mechanistic studies are poorly defined and focused on the link of EGFR mutations and programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression, we speculate that the different immune microenvironment associated with the two classes of patients.@*METHODS@#Lung adenocarcinoma datasets were collected from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, and clinical information and gene expression profiles were downloaded. The immune related lymphocyte infiltration in TCGA database were generated through timer 2.0 GSEA was used to analyze the difference of pathway expression between EGFR mutant patients and wild type patients.@*RESULTS@#EGFR mutation was more frequently among women and never smokers. Immunoinfiltration analysis showed that patients with EGFR mutation tends to have more tumor associated fibroblasts, common myeloid progenitor cells, hematopoietic stem cells, effector CD4⁺ T cells and natural killer T cells infiltration, and less memory B cells, naïve B cells, plasma B cells, plasmacytoid dendritic cells, memory CD4⁺ T cells, CD4⁺ helper T cells 2, naive CD8⁺ T cells, CD8⁺ T cells and central memory CD8⁺ T cells infiltration. Moreover, patients with more infiltration of CD8⁺ T cells, natural killer T cells, memory B cells and hematopoietic stem cells, tends have better prognosis (Log-rank test, P=0.017, 0.0093, 0.018, 0.016). However, the patients with more CD4⁺ T th2 infiltration in the tumor tends to have worse prognosis (Log-rank test, P=0.016). Furthermore, the results of gene set enrichment analysis showed that compared with the lung adenocarcinoma patients with EGFR wild type, the three pathways positive regulation of natural killer (NK) cell-mediated immune response to tumor cells, NK cell activation involved in immune response, and NK cell-mediated immune response to tumor cells related to natural killer cells in patients with EGFR mutation were down regulated, while the pathway the positive regulation of cytokine secretion involved in immune response was up-regulated in EGFR mutation patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The tumour microenvironment of patients with EGFR mutations lacks potent tumour killing effector cells and appears dysfunctional with effector cells. This may be a potential reason for the poor efficacy of immunotherapy in patients with EGFR mutations.

14.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 141-160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880252

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Perioperative treatment has become an increasingly important aspect of the management of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Small-scale clinical studies performed in recent years have shown improvements in the major pathological remission rate after neoadjuvant therapy, suggesting that it will soon become an important part of NSCLC treatment. Nevertheless, neoadjuvant immunotherapy may be accompanied by serious adverse reactions that lead to delay or cancelation of surgery, additional illness, and even death, and have therefore attracted much attention. The purpose of the clinical recommendations is to form a diagnosis and treatment plan suitable for the current domestic medical situation for the immune-related adverse event (irAE).@*METHODS@#This recommendation is composed of experts in thoracic surgery, oncologists, thoracic medicine and irAE related departments (gastroenterology, respirology, cardiology, infectious medicine, hematology, endocrinology, rheumatology, neurology, dermatology, emergency section) to jointly complete the formulation. Experts make full reference to the irAE guidelines, large-scale clinical research data published by thoracic surgery, and the clinical experience of domestic doctors and publicly published cases, and repeated discussions in multiple disciplines to form this recommendation for perioperative irAE.@*RESULTS@#This clinical recommendation covers the whole process of prevention, evaluation, examination, treatment and monitoring related to irAE, so as to guide the clinical work comprehensively and effectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Perioperative irAE management is an important part of immune perioperative treatment of lung cancer. With the continuous development of immune perioperative treatment, more research is needed in the future to optimize the diagnosis and treatment of perioperative irAE.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880107

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of HSP90 in bone marrow samples of multiple myeloma (MM) patients and explore its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#Maxvision immunohistochemistry technique was used to detect the protein expression level of HSP90 76 MM patients and 29 normal healthy donors. The clinical characteristics of the patients were collected, and the correlation between the HSP90 expression and the clinical characteristics was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The count of MM patients with positive HSP90 protein was significantly higher than that of normal healthy donor, and there were no significant correlation between HSP90 expression and age, sex, hemoglobin (Hb), creatinine (CREA), blood calcium, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), bone marrow plasma cell proportion and MM subtypes (P>0.05), but HSP90 expression was correlated with β@*CONCLUSION@#HSP90 protein was over-expressed in MM patients, and was correlated with β


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , beta 2-Microglobulin
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879893

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence rate and risk factors for metabolic bone disease of prematurity (MBDP) in very low birth weight/extremely low birth weight (VLBW/ELBW) infants.@*METHODS@#The medical data of 61 786 neonates from multiple centers of China between September 1, 2013 and August 31, 2016 were retrospectively investigated, including 504 VLBW/ELBW preterm infants who met the inclusion criteria. Among the 504 infants, 108 infants diagnosed with MBDP were enrolled as the MBDP group and the remaining 396 infants were enrolled as the non-MBDP group. The two groups were compared in terms of general information of mothers and preterm infants, major diseases during hospitalization, nutritional support strategies, and other treatment conditions. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for MBDP.@*RESULTS@#The incidence rate of MBDP was 19.4% (88/452) in VLBW preterm infants and 38.5% (20/52) in ELBW preterm infants. The incidence rate of MBDP was 21.7% in preterm infants with a gestational age of < 32 weeks and 45.5% in those with a gestational age of < 28 weeks. The univariate analysis showed that compared with the non-MBDP group, the MBDP group had significantly lower gestational age and birth weight, a significantly longer length of hospital stay, and a significantly higher incidence rate of extrauterine growth retardation (@*CONCLUSIONS@#A lower gestational age, hypocalcemia, extrauterine growth retardation at discharge, and neonatal sepsis may be associated an increased risk of MBDP in VLBW/ELBW preterm infants. It is necessary to strengthen perinatal healthcare, avoid premature delivery, improve the awareness of the prevention and treatment of MBDP among neonatal pediatricians, and adopt positive and reasonable nutrition strategies and comprehensive management measures for preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
17.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 336-340, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879642

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To assess the clinical efficacy of converting partial articular supraspinatus tendon avulsion (PASTA) lesions to full-thickness tears through a small local incision of the bursal-side supraspinatus tendon followed by repair.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed 41 patients with Ellman grade 3 PASTA lesions and an average age of (54.7 ± 11.4) years from March 2013 to July 2017. Patients without regular conservative treatment and concomitant with other shoulder pathologies or previous shoulder surgery were excluded from the study. The tears were confirmed via arthroscopy, and a polydioxanone suture was placed to indicate the position of each tear. A small incision of approximately 6 mm was made using a plasma scalpel on the bursal-side supraspinatus tendon around the positioned suture to convert the partial tear into a full-thickness tear. The torn rotator cuff was sutured through the full thickness using a suture passer after inserting a 4.5-mm double-loaded suture anchor. Data were analyzed using a paired Student's t-test with statistical significance defined as p <0.05.@*RESULTS@#At the final follow-up of 2 years, the pain-free shoulder joint range of motion and visual analog scale score were significantly improved compared to those before surgery (p < 0.001). The postoperative American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons shoulder score was (90.6 ± 6.2), which was significantly higher than the preoperative score of (47.9 ± 8.3) (p < 0.001). The University of California at Los Angeles shoulder rating scale score increased from (14.7 ± 4.1) prior to surgery to (32.6 ± 3.4) points after surgery (p < 0.001). No patient had joint stiffness.@*CONCLUSION@#This modified tear completion repair, by conversion to full-thickness tears through a small incision, has less damage to the supraspinatus tendon on the side of the bursa compared to traditional tear completion repair in the treatment of PASTA lesions. This surgical method is a simple and effective treatment that can effectively alleviate pain and improve shoulder joint function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff , Suture Techniques , Tendon Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781441

ABSTRACT

Abstract  The minimal residual disease (MRD) is the origin element that caused the relapse and drug resistance of hematological malignancies, the immune cells play a great role to clear MRD. A variety of immune cells have anti-tumor effects. However, tumor cells antagonize anti-tumor effects by reprogramming of constituents associated with tumor environment. Many different cell types, including immune cells, mesenchymal cells and tumor cells in tumor microenvironment release exosomes. The latest researches indicate that "cargo" and surface ligands carried by exosomes secreted by hematological malignant cells not only can affect the function of natural killer cell (migration, activation, proliferation, secretion and NKG2D expression), macrophage (migration and secretion) and dendritic cell (maturation and presentation), but also regulate the expression of PD-L1 and CCR2, CCL2 secretion and transformation of monocytes. The altered function of immune cells will eventually have effect on the progression of hematological malignancies.

19.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 46-50, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798862

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of different positions external physical vibration lithecbole (EPVL) therapy for ureteral calculi related renal colic.@*Methods@#This study was a prospective multicenter randomized controlled trial. The inclusion criteria was that patients volunteered to participate in the trial and signed informed consent, patients’age ranged from 18-65 years old, ureteral calculi related with renal colic, stone diameter was less than 7 mm, patients were not treated with analgesia, antispasmodic drugs. The exclusion criteria was that combination of severe urinary tract infection, severe hydronephrosis, urinary malformation, severe hypertension, history of cerebrovascular disease, vital organ dysfunction, obesity (BMI>35 kg/m2), history of ureteral calculi exceeded 2 months, abnormal blood coagulation. Patients were randomized into observation group and control group using random number table method. The observation group and the control group were placed on the physical vibration stone arranging machine with head low foot high position and head high foot low position respectively. The inclination angle was 24°. The secondary vibrator vibrated for 6 minutes, then the patient took the prone position and opened the main, the secondary vibrator. The treatment is completed after 6 minutes of vibration. The analgesic effect, stone removal, follow-up effects and adverse reactions in the two groups was compared. We defined the pain relief rate as(VAS score before treatment-VAS score after treatment)/VAS score before treatment×100%.@*Results@#A total of 100 patients were included in the study, 50 in the observation group and 50 in the control group. There were no statistical difference in the age of the two groups [(41.8±11.7)years and (46.6±13.9 years)], gender distribution [37(male)/13(female) and 42(male)/ 8(female)], location of stones (in the observation group, 19 cases in upper ureter, 7 cases in the middle ureter and 24 cases in the lower ureter; in the control group, 12 cases in the upper ureter, 3 cases in the middle ureter, and 35 in the lower ureter), left and right distribution of stones [21(right)/ 29 (left) and 22 (right)/ 28(left)], long diameter of stones [(5.2±0.9)mm and(5.1±1.1)mm], VAS scores before treatment (7.5±1.4 and 7.6±1.5), and readmission rate [22%(11/50)With 18%(9/50)], 1 week stone removal rate [70%(35/50) and 64%(32/50)]. The incidence of adverse reactions was 8%(4/50) in the observation group including 3 cases of nausea, 1 case of vomiting. The incidence of adverse reactions was 4% in the control group (2/50), which 2 cases showed nausea. The number of patients who chose EPVL, ESWL or surgery for the subsequent treatment in observation group was 35 cases, 9 cases, and 6 cases respectively. The number of patients who chose EPVL, ESWL or surgery for the subsequent treatment in the control group was 35 cases, 10 cases and 5 cases respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). The VAS score after treatment of the observation group was lower than that of the control group (2.4±1.3 and 3.7±1.5, P<0.01). The total effective rate of the observation group was higher than that of the control group [94%(47/50) and 76%(38/50), P<0.01]. 46 patients underwent urinary ultrasonography to check the degree of hydronephrosis. The reduction rate of hydronephrosis was higher in the observation group than in the control group [54.5%(18/33) and 30.8%(4/13)], but there was no significant difference between the two groups (P=0.146). In the upper ureteral calculi, the VAS score of the observation group was lower than that of the control group (2.4±0.3 and 3.9±0.4, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the total effective rate between the two groups. In the lower ureteral calculi, the observation group had low VAS score after treatment. In the control group (2.4±0.2 and 3.5±0.2, P<0.01), there was no significant difference in the total effective rate between the two groups; the middle segment stones were less included (10 in total) and were not discussed.@*Conclusions@#The external physical vibration lithecbole adopts " head high and low position" has better effect than "head low foot high position" in treatment of ureteral calculi with renal colic, and security is acceptable.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798722

ABSTRACT

Percutaneous intervention with occluder has become the preferred radical therapy for most of common congenital heart diseases, such as atrial septal defect (ASD), ventricular septal defect and patent ductus arteriosus.At present, most occluders for clinical use are made of nitinol, which will permanently exist in human body after implantation, and lead to the risk of severe complications such as chronic inflammation, cardiac perforation and high-grade atrioventricular block.Biodegradable occluder will be gradually replaced by body tissues after implantation.Investigators are exploring to develop biodegradable occluder with different biodegradable materials.In particular, a completely biodegradable atrial septum occlusion system (Absnow™) developed by the team of professor Zhang Zhiwei has been approved for clinical trial by China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) in 2018, which is the first completely biodegradable atrial septal defect occluder entered the clinical trial phase in the world.The results of human trial test demonstrated the initial safety and effectiveness of this occluder.However, multi-center clinical trials are needed for evaluation and verification.Currently, selecting suitable materials for developing new biodegradable occluders, and the effectiveness and safety of occluders are the focuses and development trend of studies on biodegradable occluders in the treatment of congenital heart diseases.

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