Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.831
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928604

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the association between paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) clone and immunosuppressive therapy (IST) in children with severe aplastic anemia (SAA).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 151 children with SAA who were admitted and received IST from January 2012 to May 2020. According to the status of PNH clone, these children were divided into a negative PNH clone group (n=135) and a positive PNH clone group (n=16). Propensity score matching was used to balance the confounding factors, and the impact of PNH clone on the therapeutic effect of IST was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The children with positive PNH clone accounted for 10.6% (16/151), and the median granulocyte clone size was 1.8%. The children with positive PNH clone had an older age and a higher reticulocyte count at diagnosis (P<0.05). After propensity score matching, there were no significant differences in baseline features between the negative PNH clone and positive PNH clone groups (P>0.05). The positive PNH clone group had a significantly lower overall response rate than the negative PNH clone group at 6, 12, and 24 months after IST (P<0.05). The evolution of PNH clone was heterogeneous after IST, and the children with PNH clone showed an increase in the 3-year cumulative incidence rate of aplastic anemia-PNH syndrome (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SAA children with positive PNH clone at diagnosis tend to have poor response to IST and are more likely to develop aplastic anemia-PNH syndrome.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic/drug therapy , Child , Clone Cells , Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal/etiology , Humans , Immunosuppression Therapy , Retrospective Studies
2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 201-206, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928532

ABSTRACT

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a new form of ultrasound (US) that can dynamically display microvessels in a highly sensitive manner. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of CEUS for characterizing testicular lesions in comparison with conventional US. Forty-seven patients with testicular lesions were enrolled. The histopathology results revealed that 31 cases were neoplastic (11 cases of seminomas, 8 nonseminomatous germ cell tumors, 8 lymphomas, 2 Leydig cell tumors, and 2 nonspecific tumors), and 16 cases were nonneoplastic (8 cases of infarctions, 3 epidermoid cysts, and 5 inflammation). The indicators of shallow lobulated morphology and cystic-solid echogenicity on conventional US were suggestive of germ cell tumors. More indicators on CEUS were found to be useful for characterizing testicular lesions. All the neoplastic lesions showed hyperenhancement on CEUS. Moreover, germ cell tumors presented with heterogeneous enhancement (73.7%, 14/19), a twisted blood vessel pattern, rapid wash-in and wash-out, and peripheral rim hyperenhancement signs. Lymphoma was characterized by nonbranching linear vessel patterns (87.5%, 7/8), rapid wash-in and slow wash-out. In nonneoplastic lesions, infarction and epidermoid cysts showed no enhancement, and abscesses were observed with marginal irregular enhancement. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of CEUS for differentiating between neoplastic and nonneoplastic lesions were 100%, 93.8%, and 97.9%, respectively, and these values were higher than those for conventional US (90.3%, 62.5%, and 80.9%, respectively). CEUS can sensitively reflect the microvascular perfusion in testicular lesions and offers high accuracy for characterizing them.


Subject(s)
Contrast Media , Diagnosis, Differential , Epidermal Cyst , Humans , Lymphoma , Male , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/diagnostic imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity , Testicular Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography/methods
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928076

ABSTRACT

This study aims to comprehensively summarize articles on the treatment of coronary heart disease angina pectoris with heart blood stasis syndrome(CHD-AP-HBSS) by Guanxin Shutong Capsules(GSC), and comprehensively evaluate the evidence and value of the formula in "6+1" dimensions based on multi-criteria decision analysis(MCDA) model and Guidelines for Management of Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation of Drugs(trial version 2021) with quantitative and qualitative methods, which is expected to highlight the clinical characteristics and advantages of the prescription and serve as a reference for medical and health departments. The dimensions are grade A, B, C, or D. In terms of safety, according to the reports from the spontaneous reporting system of National Center for ADR Monitoring, and literature analysis, GSC mainly results in the adverse reactions of mild or moderate nausea, diarrhea, rash, palpitation, and headache, with favorable prognosis in patients. Nevertheless, severe adverse reactions have been reported after marketing. Thus, additional evidence for its safety should be accumulated, and the current safety is grade B. Meta-analysis proves that GSC in combination with conventional treatment is superior to conventional treatment alone in alleviating AP and symptoms indicated by electrocardiogram(ECG). Therefore, the effectiveness of the medicine is grade A. As for the pharmacoeconomic value, based on the assumption that the per capita disposable income in 2020 is the willingness-to-pay threshold, it is more economical for CHD-AP patients to use GSC combined with conventional treatment than conventional treatment alone. However, as the currently available clinical parameters fail to support the difference in indirect cost between the two groups, the accuracy in the cost of intervention plan needs to be further improved. Therefore, the economy of the prescription is grade B. GSC has been awarded 13 national invention patents and 1 utility model patent, and won a lot of national and provincial patent awards, marking the enterprise service awareness and innovativeness. As a result, it is grade A in aspect of innovation. A questionnaire on the suitability of GSC suggests that publicity and promotion influence patients' choice and thus additional efforts should be made in this aspect. The suitability of this formula is grade B. Both rural and urban residents can afford the medicine for the whole course and the price is close to that of similar Chinese patent medicines. In addition, it is accessible regardless of season and place, so accessibility is grade A. As a Mongolian empirical formula destined to treat heart stabbing pain, it has the effects of activating blood and resolving stasis, dredging channels and activating collaterals, and moving Qi to relieve pain, and boasts the empirical evidence of more than 2 000 human cases. With prominent characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine, it is grade B. Based on the MCDA model and CSC v2.0, GSC is comprehensively class A in the treatment of CHD-AP-HBSS. The result can serve as a reference for basic clinical medication management.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris/drug therapy , Capsules , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927919

ABSTRACT

In light of related methods in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition), this study established the quality standard for Lobeliae Chinensis Herba. The TLC identification method was established with silica gel GF_(254) thin layer plate, diosmin standard, linarin standard, and the reference material of Lobeliae Chinensis Herba. The loss on drying, total ash, acid-insoluble ash, and ethanol-soluble extracts of 18 batches of Lobeliae Chinensis Herba samples were determined according to the general principles in Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Then, HPLC was adopted in the establishment of characteristic chromatogram and content determination. The results showed that the established method can achieve good separation for diosmin, linarin, and lobetyolin. Based on the results of detection for 18 batches of Lobeliae Chinensis Herba samples, the draft quality standard was established, which was expected to provide reference for the revision of this medicinal herb in Chinese Pharmacopoeia.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/standards , Lobelia/chemistry , Plants, Medicinal/chemistry
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927400

ABSTRACT

The paper introduces professor WU Xu 's experience of sequential therapy for peripheral facial paralysis. The sequential therapy refers to a staging treatment, but not rigidly adheres to it. With this therapy, the acupuncture- moxibustion regimen is modified flexibly in line with the specific symptoms of illness. At the acute phase of peripheral facial paralysis, warm acupuncture at Wangu (GB 12) is predominated and electroacupuncture is not recommended at the acupoints on the face. At the recovery phase, warm acupuncture at Zusanli (ST 36) is the main therapy and electroacupuncture is applied to the acupoints on the face appropriately. Besides, for the intractable case, the tapping technique with plum-blossom needle or skin needle should be combined and exerted in the local affected region. At the sequelae phase, in order to shorten the duration of illness, depending on the different types of facial paralysis, i.e. stiffness type, spasmodic type and flaccid type, the corresponding needling techniques are provided, i.e. bloodletting and moxibustion, strong stimulation with contralateral acupuncture and the technique for promoting the governor vessel and warming up yang.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Facial Paralysis/therapy , Humans , Moxibustion
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1448-1451, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924762

ABSTRACT

Two new labdane diterpenoids were isolated from 95% ethanol extract of the leaves of Callicarpa formosana Rolfe by using silica gel column, MCI column, ODS column and HPLC. Their structures were elucidated by HR-ESI-MS, NMR and ECD spectral data. All of them are new compounds, named 13E-6β-hydroxylabda-8(17),13-dien-15-oic acid (1) and 13E-7α-hydroxylabda-8(17),13-dien-15-oic acid (2). Compounds 1 and 2 were tested for antioxidant activity, and none of them had obvious activity.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1495-1505, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924740

ABSTRACT

Rhei Radix et Rhizoma is one of the most used medicinal materials in China. Its original species are Rheum palmatum, Rh. tanguticum, and Rh. officinale. Rhei Radix et Rhizoma derived from different original species are significantly different in their active ingredients and pharmacological effects. To develop an accurate, rapid, and specific identification method, we obtained the chloroplast genomes of the three original species by Illumina Novaseq sequencing. We designed specific DNA barcodes from the hypervariable regions, which can accurately identify the three original species. The experimental results showed that the total length of the chloroplast genomes of Rh. tanguticum, Rh. officinale and Rh. palmatum were 161 039 bp, 161 093 bp, and 161 136 bp, respectively. All the three genomes were represented as typical quadripartite structures. A total of 131 genes, including 86 protein-coding genes, 37 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes, and eight ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes were identified from each chloroplast genome. Five pairs of primers based on the hypervariable regions were designed to efficiently amplify 42 samples. Results confirmed that five hypervariable regions, rps16-trnQ, psaA-ycf3, psbE-petL, ndhF-rpl32, and trnT-trnL, can be used as specific DNA barcodes for the identification of Rh. tanguticum, Rh. officinale, and Rh. palmatum. These results provided genetic information for further species identification of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, and improve the safety of this clinical medication as well as standardize the market for Rhei Radix et Rhizoma.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1348-1354, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924360

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To systematic ally stu dy the chemic al components of ethanol extract from Sanzi san ,and to provide reference for clarifying the pharmacodynamic material basis of the formulation. METHODS HPLC-Q-Exactive-MS technology was adopted. The determination was performed on Shim-pack GIST-HP C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile- 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution for gradient elution at the flow rate of 1 mL/min. The column temperature was 40 ℃,and sample size was 10 μL. Mass spectrometry conditions included the electrospray spray ion source was used for detection in positive and negative ion detection modes. Full MS/dd-MS 2 detection mode was adopted ,the resolution of Full MS was 70 000 and the resolution of dd-MS2 was 17 500. The scanning range was m/z 110-1 200. The ion peaks were identified by comparing with the information of control substances ,literature references and self-built database. RESULTS A total of 64 components were identified in the ethanol extract of Mongolian medicine Sanzi san , including 9 flavonoids,13 iridoids,14 organic acids ,18 tannins,3 triterpenes,3 amino acids and 4 fatty acids. CONCLUSIONS The ethanol extract of Mongolian medicine Sanzi san mainly include iridoids ,tannins and flavonoids ,which might be the pharmacodynamic material basis of Sanzi san.

9.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 483-486, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923699

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the spatio-temporal distribution characteristics of new HIV/AIDS cases at ages of 50 years and older in Wenzhou City from 2006 to 2020, so as to provide insights into precise control of AIDS. @*Methods @#The data of new HIV/AIDS cases aged 50 years and older in Wenzhou City from 2006 to 2020 were collected from the China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention. The temporal and spatial distribution characteristics of new HIV/AIDS cases at ages of 50 years and older were identified using global and local spatial autocorrelation analyses and spatial-temporal scan analysis.@*Results@#Totally 1 917 new HIV/AIDS cases aged 50 years and older were detected in Wenzhou City from 2006 to 2020, and there were 179 new HIV/AIDS cases in 58 townships ( streets ) from 2006 to 2010, 643 cases in 113 townships ( streets ) from 2011 to 2015 and 1 095 cases in 147 townships ( streets ) from 2016 to 2020, respectively. The distribution of new HIV/AIDS cases appeared positive spatial autocorrelations from 2006 to 2010 ( Moran's I value=0.05, Z=1.976, P=0.046 ), from 2011 to 2015 ( Moran's I value=0.08, Z=2.314, P=0.028) and from 2016 to 2020 (Moran's I value=0.18, Z=3.956, P=0.003 ). Spatial-temporal scan analysis identified two clusters. The primary cluster mainly covered 70 towns ( streets ) in Lucheng Distrct, Ouhai District, Longwan District, Economic and Technical Development Region, Rui' an City and Pingyang County of Wenzhou City from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2020, with a cluster radius of 34.30 km [log likelihood ratio ( LLR )=192.84, RR=2.60, P<0.001], and the secondary cluster was located in Hongqiao Township of Yueqing City from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2015, with a cluster radius of 0 ( LLR=90.60, RR=7.27, P<0.001 ).@*Conclusions@#The number of new HIV/AIDS cases aged 50 years and older appeared a tendency towards a rise in Wenzhou City from 2006 to 2020, with spatial clusters that were predominantly identified in urban areas, Rui' an City and Pingyang County of Wenzhou City.

10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 701-705, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923396

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the application and effect of virtual-reality surgery exercise in minimally invasive cataract surgery training for ophthalmology residents.<p>METHODS:Twenty ophthalmology residents with equal seniority who had completed 3a standardized residency training in the Affiliated Eye Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from 2019 to 2021 were prospectively enrolled. After passing the theoretical examination, residents were randomly divided into virtual surgery exercise(Dry-lab)group(<i>n</i>=10)and real animal surgery exercise(Wet-lab)group(<i>n</i>=10). Dry-lab and Wet-lab group residents performed training using the Eye SI surgical simulator and pig eye respectively. At the end of the training, the overall training effects of the residents in both groups were rated using the Eye SI surgical simulator and the real pig eye operation, and the module training effects of the residents in both groups were rated using the virtual surgical simulator. Furthermore, a questionnaire survey was used to objectively evaluate the two training methods.<p>RESULTS:Residents in Dry-lab group had significantly higher total scores on both operation assessments,simulator assessment and real pig eye operation assessment than Wet-lab group(88.03±1.34 <i>vs</i> 80.35±2.87, 87.50±3.03 <i>vs</i> 77.60±5.62, 88.57±1.89 <i>vs</i> 83.10±3.22, all <i>P</i><0.01). The simulator module assessment results showed that the residents in Dry-lab group scored significantly better than Wet-lab group in terms of scores and completion time on each module(<i>P</i><0.01). The questionnaire results showed that Dry-lab group rated better than Wet-lab group in terms of the novelty of training, the proximity to the real surgical experience, the degree of help to the improvement of microsurgery skills, the confidence to perform real surgery, and the overall satisfaction of surgical training(<i>P</i><0.05). <p>CONCLUSION:Applying virtual-reality surgery exercise to cataract surgery skills training for ophthalmology residents can significantly improve the cataract skills, increase overall training satisfaction, and help residents enhance their confidence, psychological quality, decision-making, and processing ability during real surgery at the initial stage of practice. This provides a new standard and model for establishing a formal and standardized cataract surgery training system for ophthalmology residents.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2416-2422, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937041

ABSTRACT

italic>Psidium guajava Linn. is an evergreen shrub or small tree of Psidium Linnaeus in the Myrtaceae family. One new glycoside (1) together with 3 known meroterpenoids (2-4) and 9 known glycosides (5-13) were isolated from the fruits of Psidium guajava Linn.. The structure of the new compound was elucidated by the spectroscopic data analysis of HR-ESIMS, 1D- and 2D-NMR, and it was named psiguaoside A (1). The known compounds were identified as guajadial (2), 4,5-diepipsidial A (3), psidial A (4), chrysin-8-C-β-D-glucoside (5), 2,6-dihydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-4-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-benzophenone (6), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (7), quercetin-3-O-xyloside (8), guaijaverin (9), avicularin (10), guavinoside E (11), guavinoside B (12), guajaphenone A (13). In the bioactivity assay, compound 3 exhibited significant inhibitory activitiy of U87 with IC50 values of 8.379 μmol·L-1.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936361

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of proline 4-hydroxylase Ⅱ (P4HA2) in the occurrence and progression of liver cancer.@*METHODS@#GEPIA and Human Protein Atlas database were used to predict the expression of P4HA2 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and K-M plotter online database was used to analyze the relationship between P4HA2 expression and the prognosis of HCC. We also examined the expressions of P4HA2 in HCC cells and normal hepatocytes using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. With lentivirus-mediated RNA interference, P4HA2 expression was knocked down in hepatoma SNU-449 and Hep-3B cells, and the changes in cell proliferation, migration and invasion were assessed using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, colony formation test, scratch test and Transwell assay. The changes in the expressions of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and PI3K/Akt/mTOR signal pathway-related proteins were detected using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Online database analysis showed that the expression of P4HA2 was significantly higher in HCC tissues than in normal liver tissues (P < 0.05). The expression levels of P4HA2 mRNA and protein were also significantly higher in HCC cell lines than in normal hepatocytes (P < 0.01). Lentivirus-mediated RNA interference of P4HA2 significantly lowered the expression levels of P4HA2 mRNA and protein in the hepatoma cells (P < 0.05) and caused obvious inhibition of cell proliferation, migration and invasion. P4HA2 knockdown significantly increased the expression of E-cadherin protein, lowered the expressions of N-cadherin and Snail, and obviously decreased the expressions of phosphorylated PI3K, AKT and mTOR (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#P4HA2 enhances the proliferation, migration, invasion, and EMT of hepatoma cells by activating the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway to promote the occurrence and progression of liver cancer.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Prolyl Hydroxylases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936342

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the miRNAs targeting vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene and their effect on parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion in secondary hyperparathyroidism.@*METHODS@#Primary parathyroid cells with secondary hyperparathyroidism were isolated by collagenase digestion and cultured. The miRNAs targeting VDR were screened by bioinformatics methods and full transcriptome sequencing, and dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the targeting relationship between VDR and the screened miRNA. The effects of overexpression or inhibition of the candidate miRNA on VDR mRNA and protein expressions and PTH secretion were evaluated using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. The expression levels of the candidate miRNAs and VDR mRNA in clinical specimens of parathyroid tissues were verified by qRT-PCR, and the expression of VDR protein was detected by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#We successfully isolated primary parathyroid cells. Dual-luciferase reporter assay verified the targeting relationship of hsa-miR-149-5p, hsa-miR-221-5p, hsa-miR-222-3p, hsa-miR-29a-5p, hsa-miR-301a-5p, hsa-miR-873-5p, hsa-miR-93-3p with VDR, and among them, the overexpression of hsa-miR-149-5p and hsa-miR-301a-5p significantly increased PTH secretion in the parathyroid cells. In patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism, hsa-miR-149-5p was highly expressed in the parathyroid tissues (P=0.046), where the expressions of VDR mRNA (P=0.0267) and protein were both decreased.@*CONCLUSION@#The two miRNAs, hsa-miR-149-5p and hsa-miR-301a-5p, may promote the secretion of PTH in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism by down-regulating the expression of VDR gene.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Parathyroid Hormone , RNA, Messenger , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936312

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes in autophagy of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from patients with ankylosing spondylitis and explore the mechanism for decreased autophagy in ASMSCs.@*METHODS@#MSCs collected from 14 patients with AS (ASMSCs) and from 15 healthy donors (HDMSCs) were cultured in the absence or presence of 25 ng/mL TNF-α for 6 h. Autophagy of the cells was determined by immunofluorescence staining of GFP-LC3B, and the results were confirmed by detecting the protein expressions of autophagy markers LC3 II/LC3 I and P62. The mRNA expressions of the related genes were detected using qRT-PCR, and the protein expressions of the autophagy markers and signaling pathway-related molecules were determined with Western blotting. TG100713 was used to block the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signal pathway, and its effect on autophagy of ASMSCs was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#ASMSCs showed significantly weaker GFP-LC3B puncta staining and lower protein expression levels of LC3 II/LC3 I but higher levels of P62 protein (P < 0.05), indicating a decreased autophagy capacity as compared with HDMSCs. TNF-α-induced ASMSCs showed significantly higher protein expressions of p-PI3K/ PI3K, p-AKT/AKT and p-mTOR/mTOR than HDMSCs (P < 0.05), suggesting hyperactivation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway in ASMSCs. Blocking PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling with TG100713 eliminated the difference in TNF-α-induced autophagy between HDMSCs and ASMSCs.@*CONCLUSION@#In patients with AS, hyperactivation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway results in decreased autophagy of the MSCs and potentially contributes to chronic inflammation.


Subject(s)
Autophagy , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish an cell model of hyperparathyroidism by isolation, in vitro culture, and identification of parathyroid cells from patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT).@*METHODS@#The parathyroid gland tissues obtained from 10 patients with SHPT were dissociated by collagenase digestion for primary culture of the parathyroid cells. Morphological changes and growth characteristics of the cells were assessed by microscopic imaging and cell counting. The mRNA and protein expression levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR), and glial cells missing 2 (GCM2) in the primary and passaged cells were determined by immunofluorescence, qRT-PCR, and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Primary cultures of parathyroid cells were successfully obtained. The cells exhibited a high expression of PTH shown by immunofluorescence assay and had a population doubling time of approximately 71.61 h. PTH secretion in the second-passage (P2) cells was significantly lower than that in the primary (P0) and first-passage (P1) cells (P < 0.001). Despite a significant downregulation of CaSR mRNA (P=0.017) and protein (P=0.006) in P1 cells as compared with P0 cells, no significant differences were found in mRNA and protein expressions of PTH or GCM2 between the two cell generations.@*CONCLUSION@#Primary cultures of parathyroid cells isolated from SHPT patients by collagenase digestion show similar biological properties to the cells in vivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/metabolism , Parathyroid Glands/metabolism , Parathyroid Hormone , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Receptors, Calcium-Sensing/metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936132

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the potential dosimetric effects of arms movement in patients with Cyberknife spine tumors.@*METHODS@#In the study, 12 patients with thoracic and lumbar tumors were retrospectively selected respectively. The contour of the patient's arms was sketched and the CT density was modified to be equivalent to air in order to simulate the extreme case when the arm was completely removed from the radiation fields. The dose of simulated plan was re-calculated with the original beam parameters and compared with the original plan. The changes of V100, D95, and D90, conformity index (CI) and heterogeneity index (HI) in planning target volume (PTV), as well as Dmax, D1cc and D2cc in the spinal cord, stomach, esophagus, and intestines were analyzed by comparing with the original plans.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the original treatment plan, V100, D95, D90 and CI of PTV for the simulated plan was increased by 0.86%, 2.02%, 1.97% and 0.80% respectively, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Dmax, D1cc and D2cc of spinal cord was increased by 2.35%, 0.59% and 1.49% on average, compared with the original plan, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The difference was statistically significant only in average D2cc of stomach, which was increased by 1.70%, compared with the original plan (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in dose change of eso-phagus and intestine between the original and simulated plans.@*CONCLUSION@#This study analyzed the most extreme arm position in spinal tumor of radiation therapy based on Cyberknife. It was found that the change of arm position had little effect on dosimetry. In addition, with the change of arm position, the dose in PTV and organ at risk (OAR) increased, but the increase was relatively small. Therefore, in some special cases where the patient really can't keep the arm position consistent during treatment, reasonable adjustment can be accepted. However, in order to ensure accurate radiotherapy, patient position should be as stable and consistent as possible.


Subject(s)
Arm , Humans , Radiosurgery , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Neoplasms/surgery
17.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 249-262, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929098

ABSTRACT

The radial migration of cortical pyramidal neurons (PNs) during corticogenesis is necessary for establishing a multilayered cerebral cortex. Neuronal migration defects are considered a critical etiology of neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), schizophrenia, epilepsy, and intellectual disability (ID). TRIO is a high-risk candidate gene for ASDs and ID. However, its role in embryonic radial migration and the etiology of ASDs and ID are not fully understood. In this study, we found that the in vivo conditional knockout or in utero knockout of Trio in excitatory precursors in the neocortex caused aberrant polarity and halted the migration of late-born PNs. Further investigation of the underlying mechanism revealed that the interaction of the Trio N-terminal SH3 domain with Myosin X mediated the adherence of migrating neurons to radial glial fibers through regulating the membrane location of neuronal cadherin (N-cadherin). Also, independent or synergistic overexpression of RAC1 and RHOA showed different phenotypic recoveries of the abnormal neuronal migration by affecting the morphological transition and/or the glial fiber-dependent locomotion. Taken together, our findings clarify a novel mechanism of Trio in regulating N-cadherin cell surface expression via the interaction of Myosin X with its N-terminal SH3 domain. These results suggest the vital roles of the guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1 (GEF1) and GEF2 domains in regulating radial migration by activating their Rho GTPase effectors in both distinct and cooperative manners, which might be associated with the abnormal phenotypes in neurodevelopmental disorders.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder/metabolism , Cell Movement/genetics , Humans , Interneurons/metabolism , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/genetics , Neurons/metabolism , Rho Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/genetics
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929070

ABSTRACT

Macrophages are widely distributed immune cells that contribute to tissue homeostasis. Human THP-1 cells have been widely used in various macrophage-associated studies, especially those involving pro-inflammatory M1 and anti-inflammatory M2 phenotypes. However, the molecular characterization of four M2 subtypes (M2a, M2b, M2c, and M2d) derived from THP-1 has not been fully investigated. In this study, we systematically analyzed the protein expression profiles of human THP-1-derived macrophages (M0, M1, M2a, M2b, M2c, and M2d) using quantitative proteomics approaches. The commonly and specially regulated proteins of the four M2 subtypes and their potential biological functions were further investigated. The results showed that M2a and M2b, and M2c and M2d have very similar protein expression profiles. These data could serve as an important resource for studies of macrophages using THP-1 cells, and provide a reference to distinguish different M2 subtypes in macrophage-associated diseases for subsequent clinical research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Macrophages/metabolism , Phenotype , Proteomics , THP-1 Cells
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinicopathologic features and prognosis of the different types of fibrous dysplasia (FD) of cranio-maxillofacial region, so as to provide a new reference for clinicians to treat these patients and make prognostic judgement.@*METHODS@#Clinical records, radiographic data and pathological information of 105 patients diagnosed with FD or McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) at the Department of Oral Pathology, Peking University Hospital of Stomatology from January 2013 to December 2020 were collected. The patients were divided into 4 groups: monostotic FDs, polyostotic FDs, MAS and a specific type called craniofacial fibrous dysplasia (CFD) limited in the craniofacial region. The clinicopathological characteristics, treatment and follow-up data of each type were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Of all the 105 patients, 46 were males and 59 were females, with a male-to-female ratio of 1 ∶1.3. The onset age ranged from 0 to 56 years and the median age was 12 years. On the basis of different involvement conditions, 4 types were divided. The most common type was monostotic FDs (43 cases, 40.95%), including maxilla (29 cases), mandibular (12 cases) and zygoma (2 cases). 32 cases (30.48%) were diagnosed with polyostotic FDs, 7 cases (6.67%) were MAS, and 23 cases (21.90%) were CFDs confirmed by computed tomography (CT) analysis. CFD was clearly distinct from other types of FD, such as the patient gender and the serum alkaline phosphatase level in peripheral blood before operative surgery. The pathologic findings of various types FD were quite similar, whilst the predominant fibrous tissue hyperplasia could be observed in polyostotic FDs and MAS types.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinicopathologic features of FD in the cranio-maxillofacial region are different from the FD lesions in other parts of the body. The clinicopathological features of CFD are significantly different from those of monostotic and polyostotic FDs in the cranio-maxillofacial region. Therefore, the clinicians should pay attention to distinguish CFD in clinic, imaging and pathology aspects, so as to further clarify its features in clinic management and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fibrous Dysplasia, Polyostotic , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Mandible , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 165-169, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935991

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical application value of two longitudes three transverses method in the location of the perforator of thoracodorsal artery perforator and deep wound repair. Methods: The retrospectively observational study was conducted. From December 2018 to June 2020, 17 patients with deep wounds who were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University met the inclusion criteria and were included in this study, including 7 males and 10 females, aged 12 to 72 years. The wound areas of patients after debridement were 7 cm×3 cm to 11 cm×7 cm. Two longitudinal lines were located through the midpoint of the armpit, the posterior superior iliac spine, and the protruding point of the sacroiliac joint, and three transverse lines were located 5, 10, and 15 cm below the midpoint of the armpit between the two longitudinal lines, i.e. two longitudes three transverses method, resulting in two trapezoidal areas. And then the thoracodorsal artery perforators in two trapezoidal areas were explored by the portable Doppler blood flow detector. On this account, a single or lobulated free thoracodorsal artery perforator flap or flap that carrying partial latissimus dorsi muscle, with an area of 7 cm×4 cm to 12 cm×8 cm was designed and harvested to repair the wound. The donor sites were all closed by suturing directly. The number and location of thoracodorsal artery perforators, and the distance from the position where the first perforator (the perforator closest to the axillary apex) exits the muscle to the lateral border of the latissimus dorsi in preoperative localization and intraoperative exploration, the diameter of thoracodorsal artery perforator measured during operation, and the flap types were recorded. The survivals of flaps and appearances of donor sites were followed up. Results: The number and location of thoracodorsal artery perforators located before operation in each patient were consistent with the results of intraoperative exploration. A total of 42 perforators were found in two trapezoidal areas, with 2 or 3 perforators each patient. The perforators were all located in two trapezoid areas, and a stable perforator (the first perforator) was located and detected in the first trapezoidal area. There were averagely 1.47 perforators in the second trapezoidal area. The position where the first perforator exits the muscle was 2.1-3.1 cm away from the lateral border of the latissimus dorsi. The diameters of thoracodorsal artery perforators were 0.4-0.6 mm. In this group, 12 cases were repaired with single thoracodorsal artery perforator flap, 3 cases with lobulated thoracodorsal artery perforator flap, and 2 cases with thoracodorsal artery perforator flap carrying partial latissimus dorsi muscle. The patients were followed up for 6 to 16 months. All the 17 flaps survived with good elasticity, blood circulation, and soft texture. Only linear scar was left in the donor area. Conclusions: The two longitudes three transverses method is helpful to locate the perforator of thoracodorsal artery perforator flap. The method is simple and reliable. The thoracodorsal artery perforator flap designed and harvested based on this method has good clinical effects in repairing deep wound, with minimal donor site damage.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Arteries , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Perforator Flap , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL