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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922574

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the influence of acupuncture on microcirculation perfusion of the pericardium meridian and heart in acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) rats and evaluate whether acupuncture can simultaneously affect the meridians and corresponding viscera. Additionally, acupoints at different meridians were compared and whether they exert the same effects was discussed.@*METHODS@#Totally 32 Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to left anterior descending (LAD) ligation to develop an AMI model. Rats were divided into 4 groups, including AMI, acupuncture Neiguan (PC 6), Lieque (LU 7) and Qiansanli (LI 10) groups (n=8). Eight rats received only thoracotomy (sham-operated group). The rats in the acupuncture groups received manual acupuncture at PC 6, LU 7 and LI 10 acupoints for 15 min, respectively. The microcirculation perfusion of pericardium meridian and heart was monitored by laser speckle perfusion imager (LSPI) before, during and after acupuncture manipulation for 15 min. Subsequently, the perfusion unit (PU) was calculated and analyzed by PSI System.@*RESULTS@#After LAD, compared to pre-acupuncture stage, the heart microcirculation perfusion (HMP) in the AMI group decreased continuously at during-acupuncture (P>0.05) and post-acupuncture stages (P0.05). Compared to pre-acupuncture stage, the PMP and HMP in PC 6 group significantly increased during acupuncture manipulation (both P0.05); however, they were significantly reduced after acupuncture manipulation (both P<0.05). Additionally, HMP of LI 10 group was decreased significantly during acupuncture, especially compared to pre-acupuncture stage (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Acupuncture at PC 6 obviously increased the PMP and HMP in AMI rats, and the effects were superior to at LU 7 and LI 10 acupoints. It was further confirmed that acupuncture promoted qi and blood circulation, indicating that acupoint specificity exists and features a meridian-propagated effect.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Electroacupuncture , Meridians , Microcirculation , Myocardial Ischemia , Perfusion , Pericardium , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883275

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the interim clinical efficacy of laparoscopic and open distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer in elderly patients.Methods:The prospective randomized controlled study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 102 patients aged ≥65 years who underwent distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer in the Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University from September 2014 to May 2018 were collected. After excluding 6 patients, 96 patients were finally included. Based on random number table, patients were allocated into two groups. Patients undergoing laparoscopic distal gastrectomy were allocated into laparoscopic group, and patients undergoing open distal gastrectomy were allocated into open group, respectively. Obser-vation indicators: (1) grouping situations of the enrolled patients; (2) intraoperative situations; (3) postoperative situations; (4) follow-up. Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was conducted to detect complications in the postoperative 30 days up to July 2018. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( P25, P75) or M(range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the non-parameter Mann-Whitney U test. Results:(1) Grouping situations of the enrolled patients: a total of 96 patients were selected for eligibility. There were 66 males and 30 females, aged from 65 to 85 years, with a median age of 69 years. There were 49 of 96 patients in the laparoscopic group and 47 patients in the open group. (2) Intraoperative situations: patients in the two groups underwent distal gastrectomy successfully with D 2 lymphadenectomy, without intra-operative conversion to laparotomy. The volume of intraoperative blood loss and surgical incision length were 50 mL(50 mL,100 mL) and (7.1±1.7)cm for the laparoscopic group, respectively, versus 100 mL(100 mL,200 mL) and (19.1±1.7)cm for the open group, showing significant differences between the two groups ( Z=?3.779, t=?34.880, P<0.05) . (3) Postoperative situations: the number of lymph node dissected, time to postoperative initial out-of-bed activities, time to postoperative first flatus, time to postoperative first liquid food intake, time to postoperative first semi-liquid food intake, time to drainage tube removal, duration of postoperative hospital stay were 49(35,62), 1.9 days(1.3 days,2.9 days), 2.6 days(2.2 days,2.9 days), 3.4 days(2.7days,4.0 days), 5.9 days(4.7 days,7.7 days), 4.9 days(3.5 days,6.8 days), 7.7 days(6.7 days,8.9 days) for the laparoscopic group, respectively, versus 40(27,51), 2.5 days (1.8 days,3.3 days), 2.6 days(2.2 days,2.9 days), 3.9 days(2.9 days,5.7 days), 4.9 days(3.9 days, 5.9 days), 6.3 days(4.7 days,8.9 days), 8.7 days(6.9 days,11.7 days), showing significant differences between the two groups ( Z=?2.354, ?2.210, ?2.743, ?2.474, ?2.906, ?2.503, ?2.359, P<0.05). (4) Follow-up: patients in the two groups received 30 days of follow-up. During the follow-up, 8 patients in the laparoscopic group had postoperative complications, including 1 case with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅰ complications, 7 cases with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅱ complications, and no patient with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅲ complications. Thirteen patients in the open group had postoperative complications, including 2 cases with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅰ complications, 10 cases with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅱ complications, and 1 case with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅲ complications. There was no significant difference in the above indicators between the two groups ( χ2=1.135, 1.973, 1.054, P>0.05). The overall complication rate was 16.3%(8/49) and 27.7%(13/47) for the laparoscopic group and open group, respectively, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=1.803, 99.7% confidence interval as ?∞ to 2.4%, P>0.05). The upper limit of 99.7% confidence interval was less than non-inferiority level of 15%, interim analysis of which showed that the complication rate of the laparoscopic group was non-inferior to the open group. Conclusion:For elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic or open distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer, laparoscopic surgery does not increase intraoperative or postoperative complications, and has advantages of minimally invasiveness, fine operation, quicker recovery, and shorter hospital stay. Registry: this study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov in United States, with the registry number of NCT02246153.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913065

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the populations of freshwater crabs, the intermediate host of Paragonimus and Paragonimus infections in freshwater crabs in the Minjiang River basin along the middle section of Wuyi Mountain, so as to provide baseline data for parasitic disease control and research and expansion of the parasite resource bank. Methods From November 2020 to April 2021, freshwater crabs were sampled from streams and ditches neighboring residential areas in Jianning County and its neighboring Ninghua, Shaowu, Jiangle and Shunchang counties. The crab species was identified based on the morphological features of the terminal segment of the first abdominal appendage of male crabs, and Paragonimus infections were detected in freshwater crabs. The Paragonimus metacercariae were isolated, and the types of metacercariae were identified based on the metacercaria size, cystic wall thickness, and the excretory bladder and intestinal tract morphology. In addition, the prevalence, intensity and index of metacercaria infections were calculated in freshwater crabs. Results There were seven crab species found in Jianning County and six neighboring water systems along the Minjiang River basin, including Sinopotamon jianglense, S. fukinense, Huananpotamon lichuanense, H. lini, H. shenni, H. planopodum, Bottapotamon engelhardti, and there were metacercariae of three Paragonimus species detected in these crabs, including P. westermani, P. skrjabini and P. sanpingensis, with a prevalence rate of 43.6% (125/287). The infection rates of P. westermani, P. sanpingensis and P. skrjabini were 57.1% (48/84), 26.2% (22/84) and 61.8% (21/34) in S. jianglense, and the infection rates of P. westermani and P. sanpingensis were 52.6% (51/97) and 30.9% (30/97) in S. fukinense, while the rate of P. westermani infection was 6.9% (5/72) in H. lichuanense, which is the first record of P. westermani infections in H. lichuanense. Mixed P. westermani and P. sanpingensis infections were predominantly found in freshwater crabs sampled from Jianning County, where the rate of Paragonimus infections was 70.4% (76/108), with 15.3 metacercariae identified in each crab with Paragonimus infections and 1.9 metacercariae found in each gram of crabs with Paragonimus infections, and the index of metacercariae infections was 20.5. In addition, P. westermani, P. skrjabini and P. sanpingensi metacercariae were found in freshwater crabs sampled from Jianning-neighboring counties, where the rate of Paragonimus infections was 52.3% (56/107), with 9.8 metacercariae identified in each crab with Paragonimus infections and 0.9 metacercariae found in each gram of crabs with Paragonimus infections, and the index of metacercariae infections was 4.6. Conclusion There are multiple freshwater crab species and Paragonimus infection is high in freshwater crabs in Jianning County and its neighboring Minjiang River basin, which is a high-risk natural focus for Paragonimus infections.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922468

ABSTRACT

Biomineralization is the process by which organisms form mineralized tissues with hierarchical structures and excellent properties, including the bones and teeth in vertebrates. The underlying mechanisms and pathways of biomineralization provide inspiration for designing and constructing materials to repair hard tissues. In particular, the formation processes of minerals can be partly replicated by utilizing bioinspired artificial materials to mimic the functions of biomolecules or stabilize intermediate mineral phases involved in biomineralization. Here, we review recent advances in biomineralization-inspired materials developed for hard tissue repair. Biomineralization-inspired materials are categorized into different types based on their specific applications, which include bone repair, dentin remineralization, and enamel remineralization. Finally, the advantages and limitations of these materials are summarized, and several perspectives on future directions are discussed.


Subject(s)
Biomineralization
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3608-3621, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922428

ABSTRACT

@#Drug transportation is impeded by various barriers in the hypoxic solid tumor, resulting in compromised anticancer efficacy. Herein, a solid lipid monostearin (MS)-coated CaO2/MnO2 nanocarrier was designed to optimize doxorubicin (DOX) transportation comprehensively for chemotherapy enhancement. The MS shell of nanoparticles could be destroyed selectively by highly-expressed lipase within cancer cells, exposing water-sensitive cores to release DOX and produce O2. After the cancer cell death, the core-exposed nanoparticles could be further liberated and continue to react with water in the tumor extracellular matrix (ECM) and thoroughly release O2 and DOX, which exhibited cytotoxicity to neighboring cells. Small DOX molecules could readily diffuse through ECM, in which the collagen deposition was decreased by O2-mediated hypoxia-inducible factor-1 inhibition, leading to synergistically improved drug penetration. Concurrently, DOX-efflux-associated P-glycoprotein was also inhibited by O2, prolonging drug retention in cancer cells. Overall, the DOX transporting processes from nanoparticles to deep tumor cells including drug release, penetration, and retention were optimized comprehensively, which significantly boosted antitumor benefits.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888797

ABSTRACT

Buxrugulosides A-E, four lignan glycosides (1-4) and a protocatechuate derivative (5) featuring a rare (N, N-diethyl)methyl amino group at aromatic rings, were obtained from the aerial parts of Buxus rugulosa, which is famous for treating coronary heart disease. Their structures including absolute configurations were elucidated by HRMS, 1D and 2D NMR, and by comparing their CD data with previous reports. Compound 1 was a rare sesquilignan, and all of these compounds were the first example of lignans with (N, N-diethyl)methyl amino group.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887763

ABSTRACT

Long-term missing teeth can lead to alveolar bone loss in the edentulous area. Guided bone regeneration (GBR) is a bone augmentation method. It is widely used in clinical practice and broadens the indications of orthodontic treatment to a certain extent. This article reports a case of an adult patient with edentulous space in the maxillary central incisor, which was successfully closed through orthodontic treatment combined with GBR. This study will provide a re-ference for future clinical work.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alveolar Bone Loss , Anodontia , Bone Regeneration , Humans , Incisor , Maxilla , Orthodontic Space Closure
8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 188-192, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884865

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine a nomogram model for individualized prediction of the risk for recurrence of early gastric cancer(EGC)in elderly patients undergoing endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD).Methods:This was a retrospective cohort study, with a total of 3 987 elderly EGC patients who underwent ESD treatment between January 2000 and December 2016 after admission to the gastroenterology department of our hospital.Twenty-eight relapsed patients with complete clinicopathological data and follow-up data were selected as the relapse group, and 276 non-relapsed patients were selected as the control group.General data of all patients were collected and a logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze independent risk factors for the recurrence of EGC in patients after ESD.A corresponding nomogram risk prediction model was established by using the R software.Results:Among the 3 987 elderly EGC patients, 29 relapsed after an average follow-up of 2.7 years, and the recurrence rate was 0.73%(29/3 987). The differences in baseline data such as age(≥75 years old), lesion size(≥3 mm), T stage and lymph node metastasis between the recurrence group and the control group were statistically significant(11 cases or 39.3% vs.171 cases or 62.0%, 19 cases or 67.9% vs.111 cases or 40.0%, 9 cases or 32.1% vs.153 cases or 55.4%, 19 cases or 67.9% vs.102 cases or 39.0%, P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that age over 75 years( OR=2.128, 95% CI: 1.373-3.624), T stage( OR=1.763, 95% CI: 1.079-2.934), lesion size≥3 mm( OR=2.604, 95% CI: 1.363-4.217), and lymph node metastasis( OR=2.871, 95% CI: 1.425-5.639)were independent risk factors for the recurrence after ESD in EGC patients( P<0.05). The nomogram model was established based on the above risk factors, and the validation results showed that the predicted value was basically the same as the actual measured value and had good predictive performance.The internal validation results showed that the consistency index was 0.817(95% CI: 0.722-0.941), suggesting that the model had a high accuracy and discrimination. Conclusions:Before ESD for elderly EGC patients is performed, factors such as age, tumor size, T stage and lymph node metastasis should be fully considered to comprehensively evaluate the recurrence rate of EGC after the procedure.This predictive model can improve the diagnostic efficacy of postoperative recurrence and has high clinical value.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879146

ABSTRACT

Malignant tumor, an important factor threatening human life and health, brings huge economic burden to patients. At present, chemoradiotherapy is still the main treatment method for tumor diseases, but there are also great side effects when it plays a therapeutic role. Traditional Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of tumor diseases has many advantages such as few side effects, improving the physiological state of patients, and slowing down the side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Berberine is an effective component of rhizoma coptidis, with a very good antitumor effect. It can inhibit tumor cell proliferation, promote tumor cell apoptosis, inhibit tumor metastasis and angiogenesis, regulate tumor autophagy, reverse multi-drug resistance of tumor, regulate the body immunity, and affect tumor metabolic reprogramming to play its role. Compared with chemical preparations, berberine has a wide range of sources, with high safety and easy access, and has great potential in the prevention and treatment of malignant tumors. In this article, we would mainly review the research progress on the antitumor mechanism of berberine in recent years.


Subject(s)
Berberine/pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Neoplasms/drug therapy
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881079

ABSTRACT

Two new type B polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (PPAPs) (1 and 2) and a known biogenetic precursor hyperbeanol Q (3) were isolated from the root extract of Hypericum beanii, a medicinal plant widespread in southwest China. Their chemical structures were elucidated by 1D/2D NMR and HRESIMS data analysis, and absolute configurations were determined through detailed electric circular dichroism (ECD) analysis including ECD exciton chirality, Mo

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879826

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of children with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and the significance of Brighton criteria in childhood GBS.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 72 children with GBS. Brighton criteria were used for the grading of diagnostic certainty (level 1 as the highest level, and level 4 as the lowest level). A Spearman's rank correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation of auxiliary examinations with the level of diagnostic certainty of Brighton criteria.@*RESULTS@#A total of 72 children with GBS were enrolled, with a mean age of onset of (98±32) months. All children (100%, 72/72) had weakness of bilateral limbs and disappearance or reduction of tendon reflex, and limb weakness reached the highest level of severity within 4 weeks. Of all the 72 children, 68 (94%) had positive results of neural electrophysiological examination and 51 (71%) had positive results of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination, and the positive rate of neural electrophysiological examination was significantly higher than that of CSF examination (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Most of the children with GBS meet Brighton criteria level 1, and the positive results of CSF examination and neural electrophysiological examination play an important role in improving the level of diagnostic certainty of Brighton criteria. Neural electrophysiological examination has a higher positive rate than CSF examination in the early stage of the disease.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Extremities , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , Humans , Muscle Weakness , Physical Examination , Retrospective Studies
12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 321-324, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780608

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To study the changes of myopic components in premature children aged 1-6 years, and to explore the relationship between the development of myopia and components.<p>METHODS: Totally 158 cases of 316 eyes of preterm infants with myopia were collected from the eye clinic of Hunan Children's Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018. As a non-myopia group of preterm infants. Corneal curvature(CR), anterior chamber depth(ACD), vitreous cavity depth(VITR), axial length(AL), lens thickness(LT)and other refractive parameters were detected and analyzed in two groups of subjects.<p>RESULTS: To 1-3 years old premature children,there was the steeper CR and the longer AL in myopia group than non-myopia group, but only longer AL in 4-6 years old premature children. To 1-3 years old premature children, there were significant differences in CR and AL between myopia group and non-myopia group, but VITR and AL in 4-6 years old.<p>CONCLUSION: The mismatch of optical components development may be one of causes in premature children myopia. The axis length played a major role in the occurrence of myopia, the steep corneal curvature in young premature children.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 106-109, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780574

ABSTRACT

Two new trichilin-type limonoids were isolated from the fruits of Trichilia connaroides along with two known limonoids, 3α-deacetylamoorastatin (3) and mesendanins K (4). Their planar structure and relative configuration were elucidated by comprehensive analyses of HR-ESI-MS, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, HSQC, HMBC and ROESY data. An antitumor activity assay showed that compounds 1, 2 and known compound 4 had weak cytotoxicity against a human cervical cancer cell line (HeLa).

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873292

ABSTRACT

Objective::To establish differential metabolites between different varieties of Angelica sinensis, and provide reference for breeding, introduction, regional cultivation and ecological cultivation of new varieties of A. sinensis. Method::Comprehensive non-target metabonomics analysis was conducted for five new varieties of A. sinensis collected at the same time from the same origin: Mingui No. 1 (MG1), Mingui No. 2 (MG2), Mingui No. 4 (MG4), Mingui No. 5 (MG5), and Mingui No. 6 (MG6). The 50% methanol extract of each variety was taken, and then the differential metabolites among varieties were found by using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS), software Progenesis QI, principal component analysis (PCA), partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), and non-targeted metabonomics analysis. Differential metabolites were identified based on precise molecular weight, secondary fragments, KEGG database, HMDE database and related literature information. Result::The results of UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and multivariate statistical analysis showed that there were significant differences in the metabolites of five Angelica varieties. As compared with MG1, the contents of chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid, tryptophan and ferulic aldehyde were significantly lower in MG2, MG4, MG5 and MG6, while the contents of ligustilide, coumarin, bovine keratin, palmitin, protocatechualdehyde and linolenic acid were significantly higher (P<0.05). The results of multivariate statistical analysis showed that the metabolites of MG2 and MG5 were similar with those of MG6, but were significantly different from those of MG4.In addition, 38 distinct metabolites were identified, involving 7 potential targeted metabolic pathways. Different varieties of A. sinensis could regulate the synthesis of their metabolites through phenylpropanoid biosynthesis and sesquiterpene-like compounds metabolism, lipid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, nucleotide metabolism, carotenoids, linolenic acid, linoleic acid and some other metabolic pathways. Conclusion::UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and Progenesis QI metabonomics techniques were used to compare the chemical constituents of different varieties of A. sinensis from the overall level. The differences and their regularities were found, which could provide reference for quality control, variety sorting, identification, breeding and ecological planting of A. sinensis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872969

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer' s disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease, which is seriously affecting people' s lives. Until now, the pathogenesis of AD is still unknown which result in its worldwide difficulties in prevention and treatment. Some studies have shown that AD might be a metabolic disease associated with glucose, lipid and energy metabolisms. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) believes that the spleen is acquired foundation and the origination of Qi and blood. The function of spleen is not only closely related to the metabolism of substance and energy, but also related to the aging of human body. In this article, we summarized and analyzed the interrelationship of metabolism, AD and spleen, as well as the effect of spleen-invigorating prescription on AD. The purpose of the paper is to analyze the possible mechanism of TCM treating AD from the perspective of regulating metabolism, explore the potential value of spleen-strengthening TCM in the treatment or prevention of AD, and provide new ideas for exploring the drug development and TCM therapy of AD.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872948

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the neuroprotective effect and potential mechanism of Zhenxin Shengshui Yizhi Fang(XSF) aqueous extract on human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMEC) injury induced by amyloid-β protein(Aβ)25-35. Method::HBMEC cells damage induced by Aβ25-35 was used as Alzheimer' s disease(AD) cell model. The study included control group, Aβ25-35 group, and low, medium and high-dose XSF aqueous extract groups (125, 250, 500 mg·L-1). After treatment, the cytotoxicity of different concentrations of drugs and Aβ25-35 was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) colorimetry. Apoptosis was observed by Hoechst-33258 staining. The activity of Caspase-3 was detected by colorimetry. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of the receptor of advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP1). Result::Compared with the control group, the cell viability of Aβ25-35 group was significantly decreased (P<0.01). Hoechst-33258 staining showed bright blue fluorescence, chromatin condensation, dense staining or fragmentation dense staining, whitening in color, and significant increase of the percentage of apoptotic cells (P<0.01). Caspase-3 activity increased significantly (P<0.01). Western blot showed that RAGE protein expression increased significantly (P<0.01), while low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein(LRP1), glucose transporter 1(GLUT1) and GLUT3 protein expressions decreased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the Aβ25-35 group, the cell viability of XSF aqueous extract groups was significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner. The XSF aqueous extract had a more significant protective effect of than the other groups (P<0.05). The XSF aqueous extract group (500 mg·L-1) significantly inhibited the number of apoptotic cells (P<0.01), but significantly reduced the Caspase-3 activity (P<0.01). RAGE protein expression was not significantly decreased in XSF aqueous extract group (125 mg·L-1), but significantly decreased in XSF aqueous extract group (250, 500 mg·L-1, P<0.01), while LRP1, GLUT1 and GLUT3 protein expression significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01) in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion::XSF aqueous extract can attenuate the cytotoxicity of HBMEC induced by Aβ25-35 oligomer, inhibit apoptosis, decrease caspase-3 activity and RAGE protein expression, increase LRP1, GLUT1 and GLUT3 protein expressions, and reduce the abnormal accumulation and deposition of Aβ in the brain, which may be its mechanisms for prevention and treatment of AD.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870533

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate iliac vein balloon dilation for the treatment of superficial varicose veins of grade C3 and beyond.Methods:A total of 568 patients with superficial varicose veins of C3 or above at our department were enrolled and divided into interventional ball expansion group, the stretch socks treatment group and the ablation surgery group. The VCSS score was used to evaluate the treatment efficacy.Results:Forty out of 47 cases in the interventional ball expansion group were evaluated as effective while the other 7 cases were ineffective; 39 out of 82 cases in the elastic socks treatment group were effective while the other 43 cases were ineffective. 280 out of 439 cases in the ablation surgery group were effective while the other 159 cases were ineffective. The improvement degree of the interventional ball expansion group was statistically better than that of the other two groups ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Interventional balloon dilatation of iliac vein is better than traditional treatment to improve the subjective feelings of patients with superficial varicose veins above grade C3.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866582

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the diagnostic value of ultrasound elastography in benign and malignant thyroid nodules.Methods:From January 2017 to December 2018, 150 patients who underwent thyroid nodule examination in the First People's Hospital of Linhai were randomly selected in this study.All patients received routine thyroid ultrasonography and thyroid ultrasound elastography.The sensitivity and specificity of routine examination and elastic ultrasonography in the diagnosis of thyroid malignant tumors were observed.The patients were divided into benign group and malignant group according to the results of pathological examination.The scores of routine ultrasound and elastic ultrasound were observed in both two groups.Results:The sensitivity and specificity of gray scale ultrasound in the diagnosis of thyroid malignant nodules were 59.46%(22/37) and 83.19%(94/113), respectively, which were significantly lower than those of ultrasound elastography[94.59%(35/37) and 97.35%(110/113). ], and there were statistically significant differences (χ 2=12.906, P=0.000; χ 2=12.891, P=0.000). In gray-scale ultrasound, the proportions of non-uniform echo, unclear boundary and irregular shape of malignant nodules were significantly higher than those of benign nodules (χ 2=52.316, P=0.000; χ 2=50.532, P=0.000; χ 2=68.772, P=0.000). There was no statistically significant difference in the rhythm around the nodules between the two groups (χ 2=0.757, P=0.384). The score of ultrasound elastography of malignant thyroid nodules was mainly 4 points (45.95%), and that of benign thyroid nodules was mainly 1 point and 2 points (32.74% and 52.21%). The score between the two groups was statistically significant difference (χ 2=66.327, P=0.000). Conclusion:Ultrasound elastography has important application value in the diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules, and can improve the sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828253

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare and analyze the early clinical outcomes of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty with mobile and fixed platform for the treatment of single compartment osteoarthritis of knee.@*METHODS@#From January 2013 to December 2014, 86 cases (92 knees) of knee osteoarthritis with single compartment (medial) were randomly divided into two groups. One group consisted of 42 patients, including 18 males and 24 females, underwent unicompartmental knee arthroplasty with fixed platform prosthesis; the other group consisted of 44 patients, including 20 males and 24 females, underwent unicompartmental knee arthroplasty with mobile platform prosthesis. The surgery was performed by the same group of doctors. The operation time, blood loss, ROM, KSS and HSS scores of knee joint before and after surgery were recorded and the clinical follow up was completed.@*RESULTS@#The follow-up duration of the two groups ranged from 8 to 26 months, with an average of (18.20± 4.23) months. During the follow-up period, the periprosthetic fracture was found in 1 patient in the fixed platform group 1 year after operation, and polyethylene liner dislocation was found in 1 patient in the mobile platform group. No complications such as poor wound healing, periprosthetic infection or sterile prothesis loosening were found in all cases. In the fixed platform group, the operation time was (90.05±6.59) minutes and the blood loss was (53.76±6.04) ml. In the mobile platform group, the operation time was (90.73±6.74) minutes and the blood loss was (54.34±6.27) ml. In the fixed platform group, the ROM of knee increased from preoperative (94.52±4.54) degree to postoperative (104.64±4.42) degree. In the mobile platform group, the ROM of knee increased from preoperative (95.05±4.87) degree to postoperative (105.07±4.33) degree. In the fixed platform group, the KSS score increased from preoperative 48.69±5.68 to postoperative 83.55±5.37. In the mobile platform group, the KSS score increased from preoperative 49.39±5.68 to postoperative 84.11±6.14. In the fixed platform group, the HSS score increased from preoperative 45.45±3.62 to postoperative 84.55±6.08. In the mobile platform group, the HSS score increased from preoperative 45.93±4.01 to postoperative 85.16±6.30. There was no significant difference between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#There is no significant difference in the early outcome of unicondylar prosthesis with fixed and mobile platforms in the treatment of single compartmental osteoarthritis of knee. The long-term complications and revision rates of the two prostheses need further multi center and large-sample clinical study.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Knee Joint , Knee Prosthesis , Male , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828059

ABSTRACT

In this study, we explored the antibacterial effect and mechanism of dihydroartemisinin(DHA) combined with cefuroxime(CFX) or ampicillin against Escherichia coli. The minimum inhibitory concentration(MIC) of DHA, cefuroxime, and ampicillin against E. coli was 300,25,25 μmol·L~(-1), respectively, determined by broth microdilution method and 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride(TTC) method. The minimum bactericidal concentration(MBC) was 25 μmol·L~(-1) for cefuroxime, above 600 μmol·L~(-1) for DHA. The fractional inhibitory concentration index(FICI) of DHA combined with cefuroxime or ampicillin was 0.375 and 0.75, respectively, determined by checkerboard microdilution assay, suggesting the synergistic effect or additive effect of the drug combination. Moreover, the time-effect curve showed that the antibacterial activity of DHA and CFX combination was much stronger than that of either of the drugs, suggesting that combination with DHA can decrease the CFX dosage. Then we studied the synergistic mechanism of DHA combined with cefuroxime and found that the combination of the two drugs had a significant inhibitory effect on the total protein bands, as shown by the results of polypropylene gel electrophoresis. The results of conductivity method and alkaline phosphatase test respectively showed that its conductivity value and alkaline phosphatase(AKP) leak were significantly higher than either of the drugs, suggesting that the integrity of bacteria may be damaged. The scanning electron microscope(SEM) results showed that the morphology of E. coli was destroyed most in the combination group. The quantitative fluorescence PCR technology showed that the combination of two drugs can inhibit the expression of superoxide stress gene soxS. In summary, the combination of dihydroartemisinin and cefuroxime has a synergistic antibacterial effect on E. coli.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Artemisinins , Cefuroxime , Drug Synergism , Escherichia coli , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
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