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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-10, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006262

ABSTRACT

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), a continuous stream of scientific and technological innovations has unfolded in the realm of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). With the aim of implementing the spirit of the 20th National Congress of the CPC, and the Opinions on Promoting the Inheritance, Innovation and Development of TCM, and to underscore the exemplary role of significant scientific and technological achievements, the China Association of Chinese Medicine, in alignment with relevant requirements and under the guidance of authoritative experts, has organized a comprehensive review of the important scientific and technological achievements in the field of TCM since the 18th National Congress of the CPC. Through rigorous procedures, including collecting and reviewing achievements, writing achievement reports, organizing expert reviews, and seeking public opinions, remarkable research achievements in TCM during 2012—2022 were compiled.

2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 823-827, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985568

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a nested recombinant enzyme-assisted polymerase chain reaction (RAP) technique combined with recombined mannose-binding lectin protein (M1 protein)-magnetic beads enrichment for the detection of Candida albicans (C. albicans) and Candida tropicalis (C. tropicalis) in blood samples for the early diagnosis of candidemia albicans and candidiemia tropicalis. Methods: The primer probes for highly conserved regions of the internal transcribed spacerregions of C. albicans and C. tropicalis were deigned to establish RAP assays for the detections of C. albicans and C. tropicalis; The sensitivity and reproducibility of nucleic acid tests with gradient dilutions of standard strains and specificity of nucleic acid tests with common clinical pathogens causing bloodstream infection were condcuted. M1 protein-magnetic bead enriched plasma C. albicans and C. tropicalis were used for RAP and PCR in with simulated samples and the results were compared. Results: The sensitivity of the established dual RAP assay was 2.4-2.8 copies/reaction, with higher reproducibility and specificity. M1 protein-magnetic bead enrichment of pathogen combined with the dual RAP assay could complete the detections of C. albicans and C. tropicalis in plasma within 4 hours. Fie the pathogen samples at concentration <10 CFU/ml, the number of the samples tested by RAP was higher than that tested by PCR after enrichment. Conclusion: In this study, a dual RAP assay for the detections of C. albicans and C. tropicalis in blood sample was developed, which has the advantages of accuracy, rapidity, and less contaminants and has great potential for rapid detection of Candidemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lectins , Candida , Candidemia , Reproducibility of Results , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Nucleic Acids , Magnetic Phenomena
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 694-698, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985549

ABSTRACT

Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (GBA) has three public health systems under different systems, which plays an important role in the construction of the public health system in China. Further strengthening the construction of the public health system in the GBA will play an important reference role in the optimization and upgrade of China's public health system in the future. Based on the key consulting project of "research on the strategy of the modern public health system and capacity building in China" by Chinese Academy of Engineering, this paper deeply analyzes the current status and existing problems of public health system construction in GBA and suggests to improve and innovate the mechanisms of collaborative prevention and control of public health risks, resource coordination and joint research and result sharing, information sharing and exchange, personnel training and team building in order to comprehensively improve the capacity of public health system in GBA, and promote the construction of Healthy China.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Hong Kong , Macau , Public Health
4.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 486-491, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984764

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the trends of the age of menarche among Chinese Han girls aged 9 to 18 years from 2010 to 2019. Methods: Data were extracted from the Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health in 2010, 2014 and 2019. A total of 253 037 Han girls aged 9 to 18 years with complete data on menarche were selected in this study. They were asked one-on-one about their menstrual status, age and residence information. The median age of menarche was estimated by probability regression. U tests were used to compare the difference in median age at menarche in different years. Results: The median age at menarche (95%CI) among Chinese Han girls was 12.47 (12.09-12.83) years in 2010, 12.17 (11.95-12.38) years in 2014 and 12.05 (10.82-13.08) years in 2019, respectively. Compared with that in 2010, the median age at menarche in 2019 decreased by 0.42 years (U=-77.27, P<0.001). The annual average changes were -0.076 years from 2010 to 2014 (U=-57.19, P<0.001) and -0.023 years from 2014 to 2019 (U=-21.41, P<0.001), respectively. The average annual changes in urban areas in the periods of 2010 to 2014 and 2014 to 2019 were -0.071 years and 0.006 years, respectively, while those in rural areas were -0.082 years and -0.053 years, respectively. The average annual changes in the regions of north, northeast, east, south central, southwest and northwest were -0.064, -0.099, -0.091, -0.080, -0.096 and -0.041 years in the period of 2010 to 2014 and 0.001, -0.040, -0.002, -0.005, -0.043 and -0.081 years in the period of 2014 to 2019. Conclusion: The age of menarche among Chinese Han girls aged 9 to 18 years shows an advanced trend from 2010 to 2019, and the trends in urban and rural areas and different regions have different characteristics.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Menarche , Probability , East Asian People
5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 380-387, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984633

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the current status of diagnosis and treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) /small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) among hematologists, oncologists, and lymphoma physicians from hospitals of different levels in China. Methods: This multicenter questionnaire survey was conducted from March 2021 to July 2021 and included 1,000 eligible physicians. A combination of face-to-face interviews and online questionnaire surveys was used. A standardized questionnaire regarding the composition of patients treated for CLL/SLL, disease diagnosis and prognosis evaluation, concomitant diseases, organ function evaluation, treatment selection, and Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor was used. Results: ①The interviewed physicians stated that the proportion of male patients treated for CLL/SLL is higher than that of females, and the age is mainly concentrated in 61-70 years old. ②Most of the interviewed physicians conducted tests, such as bone marrow biopsies and immunohistochemistry, for patient diagnosis, in addition to the blood test. ③Only 13.7% of the interviewed physicians fully grasped the initial treatment indications recommended by the existing guidelines. ④In terms of cognition of high-risk prognostic factors, physicians' knowledge of unmutated immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable and 11q- is far inferior to that of TP53 mutation and complex karyotype, which are two high-risk prognostic factors, and only 17.1% of the interviewed physicians fully mastered CLL International Prognostic Index scoring system. ⑤Among the first-line treatment strategy, BTK inhibitors are used for different types of patients, and physicians have formed a certain understanding that BTK inhibitors should be preferentially used in patients with high-risk factors and elderly patients, but the actual use of BTK inhibitors in different types of patients is not high (31.6%-46.0%). ⑥BTK inhibitors at a reduced dose in actual clinical treatment were used by 69.0% of the physicians, and 66.8% of the physicians had interrupted the BTK inhibitor for >12 days in actual clinical treatment. The use of BTK inhibitors is reduced or interrupted mainly because of adverse reactions, such as atrial fibrillation, severe bone marrow suppression, hemorrhage, and pulmonary infection, as well as patients' payment capacity and effective disease progression control. ⑦Some differences were found in the perceptions and behaviors of hematologists and oncologists regarding the prognostic assessment of CLL/SLL, the choice of treatment options, the clinical use of BTK inhibitors, etc. Conclusion: At present, a gap remains between the diagnosis and treatment of CLL/SLL among Chinese physicians compared with the recommendations in the guidelines regarding the diagnostic criteria, treatment indications, prognosis assessment, accompanying disease assessment, treatment strategy selection, and rational BTK inhibitor use, especially the proportion of dose reduction or BTK inhibitor discontinuation due to high adverse events.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Aged , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/drug therapy , Prognosis , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Immunohistochemistry , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains/therapeutic use
6.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 57-65, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984181

ABSTRACT

Lung is the largest organ of the respiratory system. During hypoxia, pulmonary cells undergo rapid damage changes and activate the self-rescue pathways, thus leading to complex biomacromolecule modification. Death from mechanical asphyxia refers to death due to acute respiratory disorder caused by mechanical violence. Because of the absence of characteristic signs in corpse, the accurate identification of mechanical asphyxia has always been the difficulty in forensic pathology. This paper reviews the biomacromolecule changes under the pulmonary hypoxia condition and discusses the possibility of application of these changes to accurate identification of death from mechanical asphyxia, aiming to provide new ideas for related research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asphyxia/pathology , Cause of Death , Hypoxia/pathology , Lung/pathology , Forensic Pathology
7.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 450-455, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986875

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of self-efficacy between self-management ability and self-management behavior and its differences among patients with different disease courses through mediation tests.@*METHODS@#In the study, 489 patients with type 2 diabetes who attended the endocrinology departments of four hospitals in Shanxi Province and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from July to September 2022 were enrolled as the study population. They were investigated by General Information Questionnaire, Diabetes Self-Management Scale, Chinese version of Diabetes Empowerment Simplified Scale, and Diabetes Self-Efficacy Scale. Mediation analyses were performed using the linear regression model, Sobel test, and Bootstrap test in the software Stata version 15.0 and divided the patients into different disease course groups for subgroup analysis according to whether the disease course was > 5 years.@*RESULTS@#In this study, the score of self-management behavior in the patients with type 2 diabetes was 6.16±1.41, the score of self-management ability was 3.99±0.74, and the score of self-efficacy was 7.05±1.90. The results of the study showed that self-efficacy was positively correlated with self-management ability (r=0.33) as well as self-management behavior (r=0.47) in the patients with type 2 diabetes (P < 0.01). The mediating effect of self-efficacy accounted for 38.28% of the total effect of self-management ability on self-management behaviors and was higher in the behaviors of blood glucose monitoring (43.45%) and diet control (52.63%). The mediating effect of self-efficacy accounted for approximately 40.99% of the total effect for the patients with disease course ≤ 5 years, while for the patients with disease course > 5 years, the mediating effect accounted for 39.20% of the total effect.@*CONCLUSION@#Self-efficacy enhanced the effect of self-management ability on the behavior of the patients with type 2 diabetes, and this positive effect was more significant for the patients with shorter disease course. Targeted health education should be carried out to enhance patients' self-efficacy and self-management ability according to their disease characteristics, to stimulate their inner action, to promote the development of their self-management behaviors, and to form a more stable and long-term mechanism for disease management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy , Self Efficacy , Self-Management , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring , Blood Glucose , Self Care
8.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 429-435, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986872

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the status of depression and social anxiety in children and adolescents, and to analyze the association between body fat distribution and depression, social anxiety in children and adolescents.@*METHODS@#A total of 1 412 children aged 7 to 18 years in Beijing were included by stratified cluster random sampling method. Body fat distribution, including total body fat percentage (total BF%), Android BF%, Gynoid BF% and Android-to-Gynoid fat ratio (AOI), were obtained by dual-energy X-ray absorption method. Depression and social anxiety were evaluated by Children Depression Inventory and Social Anxiety Scale for Children. Multivariate linear regression and restricted cubic spline analysis were used to estimate the linear and non-linear correlation between body fat distribution and depression and social anxiety.@*RESULTS@#13.1% and 31.1% of the children and adolescents had depressive symptoms and social anxiety symptoms respectively, and the detection rate of depression and social anxiety in the boys and young groups was significantly lower than those in the girls and old groups. There was no significant linear correlation between total BF%, Android BF%, Gynoid BF%, AOI and depression and social anxiety in the children and adolescents. However, total BF% and Gynoid BF% had significant nonlinear correlation with depression, showing an inverted U-shaped curve relationship with the tangent points of 26.8% and 30.9%, respectively. In terms of the nonlinear association of total BF%, Android BF%, Gynoid BF% and AOI with depression and social anxiety, the change trends of the boys and girls, low age group and high age group were consistent. The overall anxiety risk HR of body fat distribution in the boys was significantly higher than that in the girls, and the risk HR of depression and social anxiety were significantly higher in the high age group than those in the low age group.@*CONCLUSION@#There was no significant linear correlation between body fat distribution and depression and social anxiety in children and adolescents. Total BF% and depression showed an inverted U-shaped curve, mainly manifested in Gynoid BF%, and this trend was consistent in different genders and different age groups. Maintaining children and adolescents' body fat distribution at an appropriate level is the future direction of the prevention and control of depression and social anxiety in children and adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Male , Adolescent , Cross-Sectional Studies , X-Rays , Depression/epidemiology , Absorptiometry, Photon/methods , Body Mass Index , Body Fat Distribution , Anxiety/epidemiology , Adipose Tissue , Body Composition
9.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 421-428, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986871

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the association between outdoor artificial light-at-night (ALAN) exposure and overweight and obesity among children and adolescents aged 9 to 18 years in China.@*METHODS@#Using follow-up data of 5 540 children and adolescents aged 9 to 18 years conducted from November 2019 to November 2020 in eight provinces of China, latitude and longitude were determined based on school addresses, and the mean monthly average nighttime irradiance at the location of 116 schools was extracted by the nearest neighbor method to obtain the mean outdoor ALAN exposure [unit: nW/(cm2·sr)] for each school. Four indicators of overweight and obesity outcomes were included: Baseline overweight and obesity, persistent overweight and obesity, overweight and obesity progression and overweight and obesity incidence. Mixed effects Logistic regression was used to explore the association between ALAN exposure levels (divided into quintiles Q1-Q5) and baseline overweight and obesity, persistent overweight and obesity, overweight and obesity progression and overweight and obesity incidence. In addition, a natural cubic spline function was used to explore the exposure response association between ALAN exposure (a continuous variable) and the outcomes.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of baseline overweight and obesity, persistent overweight and obesity, overweight and obesity progression and overweight and obesity incidence among the children and adolescents in this study were 21.6%, 16.3%, 2.9% and 12.8%, respectively. The OR value for the association between ALAN exposure and baseline overweight and obesity was statistically significant when ALAN exposure levels reached Q4 or Q5, 1.90 (95%CI: 1.26-2.86) and 1.77 (95%CI: 1.11-2.83), respectively, compared with the children and adolescents in the Q1 group of ALAN exposure. Similar to the results for baseline overweight and obesity, the OR values for the association with persistent overweight and obesity were 1.89 (95%CI: 1.20-2.99) and 1.82 (95%CI: 1.08-3.06) when ALAN exposure levels reached Q4 or Q5, respectively, but none of the OR values for the association between ALAN and overweight and obesity progression and overweight and obesity incidence were statistically significant. Fitting a natural cubic spline function showed a non-linear trend between ALAN exposure and persistent overweight and obesity.@*CONCLUSION@#There is a positive association between ALAN exposure and overweight and obesity in children and adolescents, and the promotion of overweight obesity in children and adolescents by ALAN tends to have a cumulative effect rather than an immediate effect. In the future, while focusing on the common risk factors for overweight and obesity in children and adolescents, there is a need to improve the overweight and obesity-causing nighttime light exposure environment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Child , Overweight/etiology , Pediatric Obesity/etiology , Light Pollution , Risk Factors , China/epidemiology
10.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 415-420, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986870

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the association between different growth patterns and metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents aged 7 to 17 years, and to provide suggestions for the prevention and control of metabolic syndrome in Chinese children and adolescents.@*METHODS@#Data were collected from the research project "Development and Application of Technology and Related Standards for Prevention and Control of Major Diseases among Students" of public health industry in 2012. This project is a cross-sectional study design. A total of 65 347 students from 93 primary and secondary schools in 7 provinces including Guangdong were selected by stratified cluster random sampling method. Given the budget, 25% of the students were randomly selected to collect blood samples. In this study, 10 176 primary and middle school students aged 7 to 17 years with complete physical measurements and blood biochemical indicators were selected as research objects. Chi-square test was used to compare the distribution differences of growth patterns under different demographic characteristics. Birth weight, waist circumference and blood biochemical indexes were expressed in the form of mean ± standard deviation, and the differences among different groups were compared by variance analysis. Binary Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between different growth patterns and metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents aged 7 to 17 years.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents was 6.56%, 7.18% in boys and 5.97% in girls. The risk of metabolic syndrome was higher in the catch-down growth group than in the normal growth group (OR=1.417, 95%CI: 1.19-1.69), and lower in the catch-up growth group(OR=0.66, 95%CI: 0.53-0.82). After adjusting for gender, age and so on, the risk of developing metabolic syndrome in the catch-down growth group was higher than that in the normal growth group (OR=1.25, 95%CI: 1.02-1.52), but there was no significant difference between the catch-up growth group and the normal growth group (OR=0.79, 95%CI: 0.62-1.01). Stratified analysis showed that the association between different growth patterns and metabolic syndrome was statistically significant in the 7-12 years group, urban population, and Han Chinese student population.@*CONCLUSION@#There is a correlation between different growth patterns and metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents. The risk of developing metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents with catch-down growth is higher than that in the normal growth group, which suggests that attention should be paid to the growth and development of children and adolescents, timely correction of delayed growth and prevention of adverse health outcomes.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Students , Urban Population , Asian People , China/epidemiology , Prevalence
11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 28-31, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995824

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on the academic papers published by Peking University First Hospital in the past 11 years, this paper analyzes the international cooperation in scientific research and aims to provide reference for the formulation of future scientific research programs.Methods:Bibliometric analysis was used to analyze the current status and trend of international cooperation, the journal distribution and preferences, as well as the subject distribution and participation.Results:It is found that the international cooperation has made some progress in recent years, however, the international cooperation rate is basically the same, while the level of cooperation should be improved. The level of international cooperation varies among different disciplines, the more strong disciplines are higher than others. Most research are concentrated in clinical medicine, basic research and other interdisciplinary research need to be strengthened.Conclusions:For the next step, we should improve the top-level design of international cooperation, strengthen the international cooperation in basic research and interdisciplinary research, and promote the development of discipline construction.

12.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 689-696, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994755

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct an evaluation scale for post competence of family doctors based on knowledge-skill-management model.Methods:The evaluation dimensions and indicators for post competency of family doctors were preliminarily developed through literature review, internal group meeting and brainstorming, and in-depth interviews of experts. And 16 experts in the fields of general practice and health management were invited for 2 rounds of Delphi consultation from December 2020 to April 2021. A competency evaluation scale for family doctors based on the dimensions of knowledge, skills and management was finally constructed.Results:The age of the experts was (47.9±7.3) years with a working experience of (24.6±7.8) years. The Cronbach′s α of the questionnaires was 0.891 and the KMO was 0.844. The positive coefficients for 2 rounds of expert consultation were 100%; the familiarity level of experts was 0.86 and authority level was 0.89 in the first round consultation, and those were 0.84 and 0.90 in the second round consultation. After 2 rounds of consultation, the coordination coefficient of expert opinions in the knowledge and skill dimensions was>0.5, and that in the management dimension and overall evaluation system was>0.3. After discussion 2 indicators were deleted in the first round of consultation. The finally constructed family doctor post competency evaluation scale included 3 dimensions, 8 secondary indicators and 61 tertiary indicators. Conclusion:Through the Delphi consultation, we have successfully constructed an evaluation scale for post competence of family doctors based on the three dimensions of knowledge, skills and management.

13.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 586-591, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994744

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical knowledge and training needs of general practitioners from subjective perception and objective assessment, and to analyze their relationship.Methods:A survey was conducted among general practitioners from community health service centers in Shanghai Changning district from September to December 2020. Based on the general practitioner competency indicator system designed by the project team, 17 clinical knowledge competency evaluation indicators were developed through expert consultation, and used for subjective perception and objective assessment of clinical knowledge and learning needs among general practitioners. The influencing factors of objective assessment scores were analyzed, and the relationship between subjective perception and objective assessment scores was analyzed using the four quadrant method.Results:A total of 136 general practitioners participated in the study with the mean age of (39.25±5.90) years, most of whom were attending physician (67.65%, 92/136) and had undergraduate education (88.20%, 122/136). The average daily application frequency score was (1.55±0.21), and the training needs score was (1.65±0.09) for 17 clinical knowledge items; the average objective evaluation score was (74.21±14.0) points. The older the age ( OR=1.25, 95% CI:1.14-1.37), the higher the educational level ( OR=2.11, 95% CI:1.57-2.83), and the longer the working years ( OR=1.16, 95% CI:1.04-1.30) were significantly correlated with the higher objective evaluation scores (all P<0.05). The objective evaluation scores of endocrine diseases such as diabetes, cerebrovascular diseases and respiratory diseases are the highest, and the daily application frequency and learning needs are high (the first quadrant); The objective evaluation scores of common orthopedic diseases, common psychological diseases, and planned immunity indicators were relatively low, but their daily application frequency and learning needs were relatively high (second quadrant). The objective evaluation scores of indicators such as common malignant tumors, common dermatology diseases and health problems, and common ENT diseases were low, and the daily application frequency and learning needs were also low (the third quadrant). The objective evaluation scores of indicators such as hospice and palliative care are relatively high, but their daily application frequency and training needs are relatively low (listed in the fourth quadrant). Conclusions:The clinical knowledge levels of general practitioners are correlated with age, education level, and years of practice. There is a certain overlap between the objective evaluation results of clinical knowledge and the frequency of knowledge usage and training needs of general practitioners, and a targeted training mechanism should be established.

14.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 536-539, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994741

ABSTRACT

The integration of regional medical centers and community health service centers is an effective way to improve the professional ability of general practitioners in post-practice training. Its major advantage lies in the establishment of a regional general practitioner ability improvement system integrating assessment, practice and teaching under the unified health administrative department. This article introduces the path of general practitioner post-training developed by Shanghai Tongren Hospital in forms of a regional medical center combined with the community health service center under the "integrated dual-drives" model, which was carried out in Shanghai Changning District; and its preliminary accomplishment is also discussed. It may provide reference for regional medical centers to improve the ability of general practitioners through practice-driven and teaching-driven.

15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 552-556, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993853

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the correlation and differences between invasive blood pressure(IBP)and noninvasive blood pressure(NBP)monitoring at three different levels of systolic blood pressure(SBP), diastolic blood pressure(DBP)and mean arterial pressure(MAP)in elderly hypertensive patients with atherosclerosis of the extremities during perioperative anesthesia.Methods:156 elderly patients were prospectively admitted to the Department of Vascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, for peripheral vascular stenosis interventions between December 2018 and December 2021.Their IBP and NBP were measured simultaneously during the perioperative anesthesia period.Then the correlation and consistency between IBP and NBP were analyzed via the Pearson correlation coefficient, Bland-Altman plots, and the receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC curve).Results:A total of 156 elderly patients were enrolled, including 108 men(69.2%)and 48 women(30.8%), with a mean age of 72.2±7.6.Pearson correlation analysis revealed that there was a significant positive correlation between IBP and NBP.The correlation coefficient was 0.993 for invasive systolic blood pressure(ISBP)and non-invasive systolic blood pressure(NSBP), 0.808 for invasive diastolic blood pressure(IDBP)and non-invasive diastolic blood pressure(NDBP), and 0.853 for invasive mean arterial pressure(IMAP)and non-invasive mean arterial pressure(NMAP)( P<0.001 for all). Bland-Altman analysis showed that the mean deviation of ISBP and NSBP was(20.3±6.5)mmHg(95% CI: 19.18-21.38)(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), the mean deviation of IDBP and NDBP was(3.8±9.7)mmHg(95% CI: 2.13-5.41), and the mean deviation of IMAP and NMAP was(12.7±11.0)mmHg(95% CI: 10.83-14.55). The correlation coefficient of ISBP-NSBP deviation with ISBP was 0.856, the correlation coefficient of IDBP-NDBP deviation with IDBP was 0.206, and the correlation coefficient of IMAP-NMAP deviation with IMAP was 0.583( P<0.05 for all). When ISBP≥137 mmHg, the sensitivity of an ISBP-NSBP deviation ≥20 mmHg was 96.3%, the specificity was 96.4%, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.970(95% CI: 0.934-1.000). When ISBP≥158 mmHg, the sensitivity and specificity of a predicted ISBP-NSBP deviation≥25 mmHg were 97.4% and 78.8%, respectively, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.876(95% CI: 0.820-0.933); When ISBP≥208 mmHg, the sensitivity and specificity of a predicted ISBP-NSBP deviation≥30 mmHg were 100% and 98.5%, respectively, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.985(95% CI: 0.964-1.000). Conclusions:There is a good agreement between IBP and NBP in elderly hypertensive patients with peripheral atherosclerosis during perioperative anesthesia.The magnitude of the deviation between the two is significantly and positively correlated with the level of blood pressure, suggesting that we should appropriately choose the method of blood pressure measurement in the perioperative period to correctly evaluate the blood pressure of these elderly patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1056-1060, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991866

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application effects of self-developed rapid tracheotomy apparatus for acute tracheotomy.Methods:A total of 120 patients who underwent an acute tracheotomy in the Weihai Branch of The 970 Hospital of PLA Joint Logistics Support Force from January 2019 to December 2020 were included in this study. These patients were randomly divided into a rapid group and a conventional group, with 60 patients in each group. Patients in the rapid group underwent tracheotomy with a self-developed rapid tracheotomy apparatus. Patients in the conventional group underwent the standard steps of traditional tracheostomy. The operation time, incision length, amount of bleeding, and incidence of postoperative complications were compared between the two groups.Results:The operation time in the rapid group was significantly shorter than that in the conventional group [(4.5 ± 0.9) minutes vs. (19.3 ± 4.7) minutes, t = 23.86, P < 0.001]. The length of incision in the rapid group was significantly shorter than that in the conventional group [(2.8 ± 0.3) cm vs. (4.2 ± 1.3) cm, t = 8.68, P < 0.001]. The amount of bleeding during the surgery in the rapid group was significantly less than that in the conventional group [(4.4 ± 1.6) mL vs. (11.8 ± 4.1) mL, t = 12.99, P < 0.001]. The incidence of postoperative complications in the rapid group was significantly lower than that in the conventional group ( χ2 = 4.66, P = 0.031). Conclusion:The self-developed rapid tracheotomy apparatus for acute tracheotomy can be used to establish an artificial airway quickly and minimally invasively by simplifying the operational steps. It is remarkably innovative to increase safety with open-view operations and decrease the incidence of complications. It can be repeatedly sterilized and reused, which is worthy of clinical application and popularization.

17.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 973-976, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989734

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Neibu Huangqi Decoction combined with Kangfuxin Liquid on wound healing after hemorrhoid fistula.Methods:Randomized controlled trial. A total of 90 patients with hemorrhoid fistula surgery in Tangshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 2020 to June 2021 were selected as the observation objects and divided into 2 groups by random number table method, with 45 cases in each group. The control group was treated with Kangfuxin Liquid after surgery, and the observation group was treated with Neibu Huangqi Decoction. Both groups were treated continuously for 14 days. Wound symptom score was performed before and after treatment. The levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8 were determined by ELISA. The wound healing time was observed and the wound healing rate was calculated. Adverse reactions were recorded and clinical efficacy was evaluated.Results:The total effective rate was 93.33% (42/45) in the observation group and 66.67% (30/45) in the control group, with statistical significance ( χ2=9.89, P=0.002). After treatment, the scores of pain [(0.63±0.14) vs. (0.97±0.27), t=7.50], exudation [(0.67±0.12) vs. (1.09±0.31), t=8.48], edema [(0.78±0.17) vs.(1.25±0.36), t=7.92], pruritus [(0.78±0.20) vs. (1.32±0.33), t=9.39] were lower than those in the control group ( P<0.01); serum TNF-α [(33.46±2.86) μg/L vs. (45.78±3.92) μg/L, t=25.39], IL-6 [(41.86±5.84) μg/L vs. (56.12±6.75) μg/L, t=15.98], IL-8 [(27.40±3.58) ng/L vs. (36.16±3.84) ng/L, t=16.69] were lower than those in the control group ( P<0.01). The wound healing time of the observation group was shorter than that of the control group ( t=8.60, P<0.01), and the wound healing rate was higher than that of the control group ( t=24.65, P<0.01). During treatment, the incidence of adverse reactions was 11.11% (5/45) in the observation group and 6.67% (3/45) in the control group, without statistical significance ( χ2=0.14, P=0.711). Conclusion:Neibu Huangqi Decoction combined with Kangfuxin Liquid can promote wound healing, reduce inflammatory cytokines, relieve pain and exudation, improve clinical efficacy, and have few adverse reactions.

18.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 236-240,F3, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989439

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of lymph node metastasis on the prognosis of patients with G2 phase stage pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm(pNEN).Methods:A retrospective case control study was conducted to analyze the case data of 368 patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors in G2 phase stage from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2016 in SEER database, including 174 males and 194 females. According to whether lymph nodes were metastatic, they are divided into lymph node non metastatic (N0) group ( n=272) and lymph node metastatic (N1) group ( n=96). The Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were used to compare the overall survival rate (OS) of patients in the N0 and N1 groups. The COX proportional risk model was used to evaluate whether N stage was an independent risk factor affecting prognosis. Count data were expressed as cases and percentage(%), and Chi-square test was used for comparison between the groups. Results:Among all patients, the OS of patients in the N0 group was better than that of patients in the N1 group. The OS of N0 patients at 1, 3, and 5 years was 96.3%, 92.7%, and 85.6%, respectively, while the OS of N1 patients at 1, 3, and 5 years was 92.6%, 82.1%, and 82.1%, respectively ( P=0.014). Multivariate analysis showed that age ( HR=2.245, 95% CI: 1.126-4.475, P=0.022) and N stage ( HR=0.457, 95% CI: 0.237-0.883, P=0.020) were independent prognostic factors for G2 phase pNEN patients. Conclusion:Lymph node metastasis is one of the independent prognostic factors in patients with G2 phase stage pNEN.

19.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 457-464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989007

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of mitoxantrone hydrochloride liposome injection in the treatment of peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) in a real-world setting.Methods:This was a real-world ambispective cohort study (MOMENT study) (Chinese clinical trial registry number: ChiCTR2200062067). Clinical data were collected from 198 patients who received mitoxantrone hydrochloride liposome injection as monotherapy or combination therapy at 37 hospitals from January 2022 to January 2023, including 166 patients in the retrospective cohort and 32 patients in the prospective cohort; 10 patients in the treatment-na?ve group and 188 patients in the relapsed/refractory group. Clinical characteristics, efficacy and adverse events were summarized, and the overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were analyzed.Results:All 198 patients were treated with mitoxantrone hydrochloride liposome injection for a median of 3 cycles (range 1-7 cycles); 28 cases were treated with mitoxantrone hydrochloride liposome injection as monotherapy, and 170 cases were treated with the combination regimen. Among 188 relapsed/refractory patients, 45 cases (23.9%) were in complete remission (CR), 82 cases (43.6%) were in partial remission (PR), and 28 cases (14.9%) were in disease stabilization (SD), and 33 cases (17.6%) were in disease progression (PD), with an objective remission rate (ORR) of 67.6% (127/188). Among 10 treatment-na?ve patients, 4 cases (40.0%) were in CR, 5 cases (50.0%) were in PR, and 1 case (10.0%) was in PD, with an ORR of 90.0% (9/10). The median follow-up time was 2.9 months (95% CI 2.4-3.7 months), and the median PFS and OS of patients in relapsed/refractory and treatment-na?ve groups were not reached. In relapsed/refractory patients, the difference in ORR between patients with different number of treatment lines of mitoxantrone hydrochloride liposome injection [ORR of the second-line, the third-line and ≥the forth-line treatment was 74.4% (67/90), 73.9% (34/46) and 50.0% (26/52)] was statistically significant ( P = 0.008). Of the 198 PTCL patients, 182 cases (91.9%) experienced at least 1 time of treatment-related adverse events, and the incidence rate of ≥grade 3 adverse events was 66.7% (132/198), which was mainly characterized by hematologic adverse events. The ≥ grade 3 hematologic adverse events mainly included decreased lymphocyte count, decreased neutrophil count, decreased white blood cell count, and anemia; non-hematologic adverse events were mostly grade 1-2, mainly including pigmentation disorders and upper respiratory tract infection. Conclusions:The use of mitoxantrone hydrochloride liposome injection-containing regimen in the treatment of PTCL has definite efficacy and is well tolerated, and it is a new therapeutic option for PTCL patients.

20.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 193-198, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988970

ABSTRACT

With the wide application of high-throughput next-generation sequencing (NGS) and other molecular genetic detection technologies, researchers have a more and more in-depth understanding of the pathogenesis of hematologic malignancies, especially of the myeloid hematologic malignancies, which makes the diagnosis and treatment of myeloid hematologic malignancies into an era of precision medicine. At the 64th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting in 2022, there were a series of new progresses regarding the application of NGS in the diagnosis and classification, risk stratification, treatment guidance, and minimal residual disease monitoring of myeloid hematologic malignancies. This article focuses on the progress of NGS application in acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndromes and myeloproliferative neoplasms.

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