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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008739

ABSTRACT

Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata polysaccharides(AP) are a class of bioactive macromolecules extracted from the herbs of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata and its various processed products. Since the AP was first separated in 1986, its pharmacological effects include immune regulation, anti-tumor, anti-depression, organ protection, hypoglycemia, and anti-inflammatory had been found. In recent years, with the development of polysaccharide extraction, separation, and structure identification technologies, more than 20 kinds of AP have been separated from Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata and its processed products, and they have ob-vious differences in relative molecular weight, monosaccharide composition, glycosidic bond, structural characteristics, and biological activities. In particular, AP may be dissolved, degraded, or allosteric under the complex processing environment of fermentation, soaking, cooking, etc., leading to the diversified structure of AP, which provides a possibility for further understanding of the structure-activity relationship of AP. Therefore, this study systematically reviewed the research progress on the structure and structure-activity relationship of AP, summarized the biological activity and potential action mechanism of AP, and discussed the technical challenges in the development and application of AP, so as to promote the quality control and further development and utilization of AP.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Aconitum/chemistry , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , Structure-Activity Relationship , Technology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981441

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the development status of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) intervention in psoriasis in recent ten years, analyze the research hotspots, and summarize the development trends to provide reference materials for scholars in this field. Taking the available literature related to the field of TCM intervention in psoriasis as the research object, the trends, contents, and source publications were statistically analyzed based on bibliometrics. The research cooperation and co-occurrence of keywords in this field were studied by the knowledge map analysis method based on CiteSpace. The total number of Chinese papers was 2 993 and English papers 285. In terms of publication trend, the annual publication of English papers was low but showed an obvious upward trend, while the increase in Chinese papers fluctuated and tended to be flat. In terms of the content of Chinese papers published, TCM ranked first according to the discipline(2 415). In English papers, the number of publications in pharmacology and pharmaceutical science was the highest(87). Literature source analysis showed that the Chinese and English journals with the most publications were China Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy and Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, respectively. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine published the most dissertations in China(99). The authors with the most publications in Chinese and English were LI Bin(Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine) and LU Chuan-jian(Guangdong Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine). As revealed by the CiteSpace analysis of the research cooperation network, there were four mature and stable core teams in this field, but the cooperation intensity between different teams was weak. According to the keywords co-occurrence knowledge graph constructed by CiteSpace, the current hot keywords in this field are as follows: psoriasis, blood-heat syndrome, blood-stasis syndrome, fire needle, blood-dryness type, imiquimod, TCM bath, etiology and pathogenesis, cytokines, cupping therapy, etc. In summary, Chinese scholars have conducted active exploration and research in the field of TCM intervention in psoriasis in recent ten years. The overall development trend is good, and the breadth and depth of the research are constantly extending. It is suggested that relevant research should be free from discipline restrictions and strive for interdisciplinary integration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Psoriasis/drug therapy
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971193

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Weather conditions are a possible contributing factor to age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of irreversible loss of vision. The present study evaluated the joint effects of meteorological factors and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on AMD.@*METHODS@#Data was extracted from a national cross-sectional survey conducted across 10 provinces in rural China. A total of 36,081 participants aged 40 and older were recruited. AMD was diagnosed clinically by slit-lamp ophthalmoscopy, fundus photography, and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). Meteorological data were calculated by European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) reanalysis and were matched to participants' home addresses by latitude and longitude. Participants' individual PM2.5 exposure concentrations were calculated by a satellite-based model at a 1-km resolution level. Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression models paired with interaction analysis were performed to investigate the joint effects of meteorological factors and PM2.5 on AMD.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of AMD in the study population was 2.6% (95% CI 2.42-2.76%). The average annual PM2.5 level during the study period was 63.1 ± 15.3 µg/m3. A significant positive association was detected between AMD and PM2.5 level, temperature (T), and relative humidity (RH), in both the independent and the combined effect models. For PM2.5, compared with the lowest quartile, the odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) across increasing quartiles were 0.828 (0.674,1.018), 1.105 (0.799,1.528), and 2.602 (1.516,4.468). Positive associations were observed between AMD and temperature, with ORs (95% CI) of 1.625 (1.059,2.494), 1.619 (1.026,2.553), and 3.276 (1.841,5.830), across increasing quartiles. In the interaction analysis, the estimated relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) and the attributable proportion (AP) for combined atmospheric pressure and PM2.5 was 0.864 (0.586,1.141) and 1.180 (0.768,1.592), respectively, indicating a synergistic effect between PM2.5 and atmospheric pressure.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study is among the first to characterize the coordinated effects of meteorological factors and PM2.5 on AMD. The findings warrant further investigation to elucidate the relationship between ambient environment and AMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Air Pollutants/analysis , Particulate Matter/analysis , China/epidemiology , Macular Degeneration/etiology , Meteorological Concepts
4.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 202-207, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015225

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role pathway and pattern of the sex determining region box transcription factor 2 (SOX2) and its mRNA interaction with microRNA(miRNAs, miR) and circular RNA(circRNA) at 0 hour and 2 hours in the rat liver regeneration. Methods The rat 2/3 hepatectomy (partial hepatectomy, PH) model was prepared as described by Higgins, the hepatocytes were isolated according to the method of Smedsrod et al, the expression changes of mRNA, miRNA and circRNA [together named as competing endogenous RNAs(ceRNA)] were detected by the large-scale quantitative detection technology, the interaction network of ceRNA was constructed by Cytoscape 3.2 software, and their correlation in expression and role were analyzed by ceRNA comprehensive analysis. Results It was found that at the 0 hour and 2 hours after PH, the ratio value of SOX2 mRNA shows 1.00±0.09 and 2.15±0.48, miR-3558-3p displays 4.53± 0.10 and 0.81±0.16, circRNA_18404 shows 1.24±0.04 and 11.10±0.57, circRNA_18045 displays 1.97±0.47 and 4.44± 0.23. At the same time, the eight kinds of cell dedifferentiation-related genes AT-rich interaction domain 5A (ARID5A), activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3), BTG anti-proliferation factor 2 (BTG2), etc, which are prometed in expression by SOX2, were down-regulated at 0 h after PH, but the cell differentiation-related genes interferon regulatory factor 6 (IRF6) and somatostatin (SST), which are inhibited in expression by SOX2, were up-regulated at 0 hour after PH. On the other hand, the eight kinds of cell dedifferentiation-related genes ARID5A, ATF3, BTG2, etc, which are promoted in expression by SOX2, were up-regulated at 2 hours after PH, but the cell differentiation-related gene SST, which is inhibited in expression by SOX2, was down-regulated, and IRF6 had no meaningful changes in expression at 2 hours after PH. Conclusion The correlation in expression and role of the miRNA, which are inhibited by circRNA, SOX2, its mRNA is inhibited by miRNA, and the cell stem-related genes, which are regulated by SOX2, are helpful for the hepatocyte to be in differentiation state at 0 hour after PH and to be in stem state at 2 hours after PH.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2307-2315, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007528

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Extreme temperature events, including extreme cold, are becoming more frequent worldwide, which might be harmful to pregnant women and cause adverse birth outcomes. We aimed to investigate the association between exposure to low ambient temperature in pregnant women and adverse birth outcomes, such as preterm birth, low birth weight, and stillbirth, and to summarize the evidence herein.@*METHODS@#Relevant studies were searched in PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase electronic databases until November 2021. Studies involving low ambient temperature, preterm birth, birth weight, and stillbirth were included. The guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses were followed to conduct this study risk of bias and methods for data synthesis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 34 studies were included. First, pregnant women exposed to low ambient temperature had an increased risk of preterm birth (risk ratio [RR] 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04-1.13). Subgroup analyses revealed that exposure during late pregnancy was more likely to induce preterm birth. In addition, only pregnant women exposed to <1st percentile of the mean temperature suffered increased risk of preterm birth. Moreover, pregnant women living in medium or hot areas were more prone to have preterm births than those in cold areas when exposed to low ambient temperatures. Asians and Blacks were more susceptible to low ambient temperatures than Caucasians. Second, pregnant women exposed to low ambient temperature had an increased risk of low birth weight (RR 1.07; 95% CI 1.03-1.12). Third, pregnant women had an increased risk of stillbirth while exposed to low ambient temperature during the entire pregnancy (RR 4.63; 95% CI 3.99-5.38).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Exposure to low ambient temperature during pregnancy increases the risk of adverse birth outcomes. Pregnant women should avoid exposure to extremely low ambient temperature (<1st percentile of the mean temperature), especially in their late pregnancy. This study could provide clues for preventing adverse outcomes from meteorological factors.@*REGISTRATION@#No. CRD42021259776 at PROSPERO ( https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/ ).


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Female , Humans , Pregnancy Outcome , Premature Birth/epidemiology , Stillbirth/epidemiology , Temperature , Pregnancy Complications
6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 550-554, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940921

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the survival and influencing factors of unexpected small cell lung cancer following surgery. Methods: We respectively reviewed the clinical characters of 104 patients who underwent surgical treatment and be proved as small cell lung cancer by pathology between January 2000 to October 2020 in Chinese PLA General Hospital. Overall survival (OS) of patients was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards analysis. Results: Of 104 patients, 27 cases showed central lesions, and other 77 showed peripheral nodules. The margin of nodules was smooth in 42 cases on CT imaging. The median OS was 34.3 months and 5-year OS rate was 45.8%. Postoperative 5-year OS rates for patients were 52.1%, 45.4%, and 27.8% for clinical stages Ⅰ, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ, respectively. Univariate analyses identified the age, surgical access, surgical approach, N stage, TNM stage and vascular cancer emboli were associated with OS (P<0.05). The N stage was an independent factor for the OS of patients (P<0.05). Conclusions: Patients with unexpected SCLC, including Ⅰ, Ⅱ and part ⅢA stage have favorable outcome and can benefit from surgery and systemic postoperative treatment. Standard lobectomy plus systemic lymph node dissection is commended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/surgery , Survival Analysis
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 598-605, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927555

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Intensive phototherapy (IPT) and exchange transfusion (ET) are the main treatments for extreme hyperbilirubinemia. However, there is no reliable evidence on determining the thresholds for these treatments. This multicenter study compared the effectiveness and complications of IPT and ET in the treatment of extreme hyperbilirubinemia.@*METHODS@#This retrospective cohort study was conducted in seven centers from January 2015 to January 2018. Patients with extreme hyperbilirubinemia that met the criteria of ET were included. Patients were divided into three subgroups (low-, medium-, and high- risk) according to gestational week and risk factors. Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to balance the data before treatment. Study outcomes included the development of bilirubin encephalopathy, duration of hospitalization, expenses, and complications. Mortality, auditory complications, seizures, enamel dysplasia, ocular motility disorders, athetosis, motor, and language development were evaluated during follow-up at age of 3 years.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1164 patients were included in this study. After PSM, 296 patients in the IPT only group and 296 patients in the IPT plus ET group were further divided into the low-, medium-, and high-risk subgroups with 188, 364, and 40 matched patients, respectively. No significant differences were found between the IPT only and IPT plus ET groups in terms of morbidity, complications, and sequelae. Hospitalization duration and expenses were lower in the low- and medium-risk subgroups in the IPT only group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, our results suggest that IPT is a safe and effective treatment for extreme hyperbilirubinemia. The indication of ET for patients with hyperbilirubinemia could be stricter. However, it is necessary to have a contingency plan for emergency ET as soon as IPT is commenced especially for infants with risk factors. If IPT can be guaranteed and proved to be therapeutic, ET should be avoided as much as possible.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Exchange Transfusion, Whole Blood/adverse effects , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal/therapy , Kernicterus/therapy , Phototherapy/methods , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936348

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effect of early abdominal puncture drainage (APD) on autophagy and Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway in rats with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and explore the possibile mechanism.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two male SD rats were randomly divided into sham-operated (SO) group, SAP group with retrograde injection of 4% sodium taurocholate, APD group with insertion of a drainage tube into the lower right abdomen after SAP induction, and APD + ZnPP group with intraperitoneal injection of 30 mg/kg ZnPP 12 h before APD modeling. Blood samples were collected from the rats 12 h after modeling for analysis of amylase and lipase levels and serum inflammatory factors. The pathological changes of the pancreatic tissue were observed with HE staining. Oxidative stress in the pancreatic tissue was detected with colorimetry, and sub-organelle structure and autophagy in pancreatic acinar cells were observed by transmission electron microscopy. The expressions of autophagy-related proteins and Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway were detected using RT-PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in SAP group, the rats with APD treatment showed significantly alleviated pathologies in the pancreas, reduced serum levels of lipase, amylase and inflammatory factors, lowered levels of oxidative stress, and activated expressions of Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway in the pancreas. The ameliorating effect of ADP was significantly inhibited by ZnPP treatment before modeling. APD obviously reversed mitochondrial and endoplasmic reticulum damages and p62 accumulation induced by SAP.@*CONCLUSION@#APD treatment can suppress oxidative stress and repair impaired autophagy in rats with SAP by activating the Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway, thereby reducing the severity of SAP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acute Disease , Amylases/blood , Autophagy , Drainage , Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing) , Lipase/blood , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Oxidative Stress , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatitis/surgery , Punctures , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936314

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMK Ⅱ) in pancreatic tissues of mice with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and explore the protective effect of KN93, a CaMK Ⅱ inhibitor, against pancreatic injury in SAP and the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six healthy male C57 mice were randomly divided into sham operation group, SAP group, KN93 group and SAP + KN93 group (n=9). Serum and pancreatic tissue samples were collected 24 h after modeling. The pathological changes in the pancreatic tissues were observed using HE staining. Serum lipase and amylase activities and the levels of inflammatory factors were detected using ELISA. Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of CaMK Ⅱ, p-CaMK Ⅱ, p-NF-κB, MAPK and p-MAPK in mouse pancreas.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in sham operation group, the expressions of p-CaMK Ⅱ, p-NF-κB and p-MAPK were significantly increased in SAP group (P < 0.05). KN93 treatment obviously alleviated pathological injuries of the pancreas in SAP mice, and significantly lowered serum levels of lipase, amylase and inflammatory factors (TNF-α and IL-6) and phosphorylation levels of NF-κB, ERK and MAPK proteins (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The activity of CaMK Ⅱ is significantly increased in the pancreatic tissue of SAP mice. KN93 can alleviate pancreatic injury and inflammation in SAP mice possibly through the ERK/MAPK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Acute Disease , Inflammation/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatitis/pathology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959224

ABSTRACT

@#In order to improve the yield and simplify the operation, the synthesizing process of JAK3 inhibitor tofacitinib citrate was improved based on the analysis of the methods previously published.Using 2, 4-dichloro-7H-pyrrolo [2, 3-d] pyrimidine and (3R, 4R)-1-benzyl-N, 4-dimethylpiperidin-3-amine dihydrochloride as starting materials, tofacitinib citrate was obtained through four steps of nucleophilic substitution, catalytic transfer hydrogenation, cyanide acetylation and citrate salt, and its crystal form was consistent with the original research.After optimization, the yield was better than those reported in literature, and the mild reaction conditions were suitable for industrial production.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940768

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the efficacy of Zishui Bugan decoction on perimenopausal insomnia of liver-kidney deficiency type and the safety. MethodA randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was designed. To be specific, 72 patients of perimenopausal insomnia with Liver-kidney deficiency were randomized into the treatment group and the control group at the ratio of 1∶1 and they were respectively treated with Zishui Bugan decoction and placebo for 3 weeks. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), modified Kupperman index, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score, self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) score, and self-rating depression scale (SDS) score, were compared before and after treatment to determine the clinical efficacy, with adverse effects recorded. ResultThe total effective rate for insomnia was 85.3%(29/34) in treatment group and 17.6%(6/34) in control group(Z=-5.582,P<0.01). After treatment, PSQI score, modified Kupperman index, TCM syndrome score, and SAS score were improved in both groups (P<0.05, P<0.01), particularly the treatment group which showed significant difference from the control group (P<0.05,P<0.01). The safety indicators were insignificantly different between two groups before and after treatment. No related adverse effects were reported in both groups during the treatment. ConclusionZishui Bugan decoction can improve the sleep quality and alleviate the menopausal symptoms, such as depression and anxiety, which shows ideal efficacy and safety for the perimenopausal insomnia with liver-kidney deficiency type.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2944-2953, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921173

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNDS@#Azithromycin mass drug administration (MDA) is a key part of the strategy for controlling trachoma. This systematic review aimed to comprehensively summarize the present studies of azithromycin MDA on trachoma; provide an overview of the impact of azithromycin MDA on trachoma in different districts; and explore the possible methods to enhance the effectiveness of azithromycin MDA in hyperendemic districts.@*METHODS@#PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched up to February 2021 with no language restriction. Studies reporting the effect of azithromycin MDA on trachoma were included. Mathematical modeling studies, animal studies, case reports, and reviews were excluded. The trachomatous inflammation-follicular (TF) 30.0%), especially with baseline TF >50.0%, annual MDA was unable to achieve the TF 10.0% is not appropriate for all eligible districts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Mass Drug Administration , Prevalence , Trachoma/epidemiology
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908004

ABSTRACT

Micronutrients, as coenzymes and cofactors for many metabolic processes, play an important role in parenteral nutrition, but the guidelines and expert consensus published cannot fully solve the problem with clinical application of micronutrients.Parenteral Provision of Micronutrients to Pediatric Patients: an International Expert Consensus Paper, released in September 2020 in the Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, presented recommendations about common clinical questions for the assessment of micronutrients deficiency in children and the parenteral provision of micronutrients.The main content of International Expert Consensus Paper was interpreted in this article.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921344

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of the National Nutrition and Health Systematic Survey for children 0-17 years of age in China (CNHSC) was to collect basic data on the nutrition, development, and health status for children in different regions across China using evidence-based, reliable, and cost-effective approaches. Children and their parents or guardians from seven regions (south, southwest, north, northwest, eastern, central, and northeast China) in China were recruited. A multi-stage stratified randomized sampling method was used. Two provinces were randomly sampled from each of the seven regions, from which one urban district and one rural country were also randomly sampled, resulting in a total of 28 survey counties/districts. Dietary surveys, health examinations, laboratory testing, and questionnaires were used to collect dietary intake, nutritional status, child development, and health status information. Nutrition, health, and lifestyle assessment of children and their parents was determined using the Knowledge Attitude Practice (KAP) survey. Greater than 100,000 children (38,000 children < 6 years of age and 66,000 children 6-17 years of age) completed the survey. The survey provided comprehensive data on child nutrition and health status for future studies and will serve as the basis for an integrated nutrition and health improvement strategies proposal for children in China.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Child Development , China , Health Status , Health Surveys , Nutrition Surveys
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921340

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to understand the characteristics of dietary patterns among children aged 12 to 23 months and discusses the relationship between dietary patterns and the growth of children.@*Method@#Cross-sectional data were selected from the National Nutrition and Health Systematic Survey for 0 to 18 year-old children in China ( @*Results@#Four dietary patterns were identified among the children @*Conclusion@#Although China is undergoing rapid urbanization and economic development, there is still a phenomenon of insufficient intake of protein-rich foods and dairy-based dietary patterns at the stage of complementary food introduced among children aged 12 to 23 months.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Male , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Growth , Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886774

ABSTRACT

This case report presents the diagnosis and treatment of a case with subcutaneous sparganosis.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2096-2099, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904681

ABSTRACT

@#The thickness of the central cornea has an important influence on various eye diseases and operations such as keratoconus and other corneal diseases, glaucoma, and corneal refractive surgery. Obtaining accurate central corneal thickness is a topic that clinicians have been paying close attention to. It decides the operation method and operation parameters(cutting depth, cutting optical area size, <i>etc.</i>)of refractive surgery. Accurate measurement of central corneal thickness is a great concern to clinicians. At present, there are two kinds of measurement of corneal thickness: the first is ultrasonic measurement, such as traditional Type A ultrasonic corneal thickness meter and ultrasonic biological microscope; the second is optical measurement, including Pentacam, corneal endokeratoscope, optical coherence tomography, <i>etc</i>. Different measuring methods and instruments have their own advantages and disadvantages. However, the ultimate goal of developing corneal thickness measurement is easy operation and good repeatability. Therefore, based on the summarization of current clinically-used corneal thickness measurement instruments and of research progress of corneal thickness measurement, this paper aims at providing theoretical guide for clinical oculists.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921816

ABSTRACT

In this study, the evidence mapping methodology was used to systematically retrieve and sort out the clinical research evidence of Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of tension-type headache(TTH), and to understand the distribution of evidence in this field and the basis and quality of evidence. Chinese and English articles on the 28 Chinese patent medicines for TTH, which were recorded in National Essential Medicines List(2018), Medicine Catalogue for National Basic Medical Insurance, Work Injury Insurance, and Maternity Insurance(2020), and Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020), were retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI), Wanfang, VIP, China Biology Medicine disc(CBMdisc), PubMed, EMbase, and Cochrane Library from the establishment to June 2021, followed by descriptive analysis. Then, tables and bubble charts were plotted to analyze the distribution characteristics of evidence. A total of 129 eligible articles were yielded: 126 randomized/non-randomized controlled trials, and 3 systematic reviews. The functions, indications, and composition of the 28 medicines, as well as the proportion of related articles, publication trends, intervention measures, and outcome indicators were compared and analyzed. The results showed that the 28 Chinese patent medicines, composed of 128 Chinese medicinals, can be classified into six categories in terms of function: reinforcing healthy Qi, tranquilizing mind, dispelling stasis, regulating Qi, treating wind, and resuscitating. There are ongoing efforts to study the treatment of TTH with Chinese patent medicine in China, despite of little evidence. The clinical positioning of Chinese patent medicine for TTH is not clear, and clinical research fails to highlight the advantages of Chinese medicine. In addition, the outcome indicators have not been standardized and unified, and there is a lack of evidence on the long-term efficacy of Chinese patent medicine for TTH. This study is the first exploratory application of evidence maps to compare the characteristics and clinical research progress of 28 Chinese patent medicines for TTH, which can provide a reference for research on the optimization of Chinese medicine strategies for TTH.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Asian People , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Tension-Type Headache
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881064

ABSTRACT

Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection is more likely to cause hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in children, which can lead to neurogenic complications and higher mortality. As a commonly used clinical medicine, Reduning injection (RDN) helps to shorten the symptoms of patients with HFMD and facilitate the early recovery of children. However, the regulatory mechanism of RDN on the HFMD immune system disorder caused by EV71 remains to be discussed. This study collected detailed treatment data of 56 children with HFMD who entered the affiliated Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University during 2019. Retrospective analysis of clinical data showed that the symptoms of the RDN treatment group were improved compared with the untreated group. To explore its mechanism, the relevant detection indicators were detected by flow cytometry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and real-time quantitative PCR. It was found that the number and function of innate immune (ILCs) and adaptive immunity (Th1, Th2 and secreted cytokines) were reduced, suggesting that RDN plays a role by regulating cellular immunity. The in vitro differentiation inhibition test further confirmed that RDN affected Th1 differentiation by inhibiting the expression of transcription factors on the basis of Th1 cell differentiation in vitro.

20.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 861-865, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867327

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the assisted pregnancy clinical effect of autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) combined with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) on patients with intrauterine adhesion separation.Methods:Nine patients with intrauterine adhesion separation were treated with intrauterine perfusion of PBMCs 48 hours before transplantation. The low molecular weight heparin 3 200 IU injected daily subcutaneously were carried out on the day of transplantation. Measurement of endometrial thickness and observation of pregnant outcome were perfomed.Results:After 9 patients were injected into the uterine cavity with autologous PBMCs. It was found that, compared to the previous, the thickness of the endometrium was increased, and the morphology of the endometrium was improved in 6 cases. After transplantation, 7 cases of the patients were clinically pregnant, 1 of the patients was biochemically pregnant, and 1 of the patients was not pregnant; among the 7 clinical pregnancy cases, 1 case was intrauterine compound pregnancy (operation on the affected side of fallopian tube pregnancy had been performed), another 2 cases had embryo termination at the 7-8th week of gestation by B-scan ultrasonography analysis. However, 3 cases of clinical pregnancy in 4 patients with repeated implantation failure. At present, 2 cases were in live labor, and the other three cases were in normal continuous pregnancy.Conclusions:Intrauterine perfusion of human PBMCs combined with low molecular weight heparin is beneficial to the improvement of endometrial receptivity and the pregnancy outcome of some patients after the separation of intrauterine adhesions.

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