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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 267-272, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012518

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between the ratio of dietary vitamin A (VitA) to body weight and hypertension among children, so as to provide a reference for blood pressure control through dietary nutritional interventions and childhood hypertension prevention.@*Methods@#Utilizing the baseline survey and followup sample data from the Healthy Children Cohort established in urban and rural areas of Chongqing from 2014 to 2019, structured quantitative dietary questionnaire and selfdesigned questionnaire were used to investigate the information of dietary intake and socioeconomic characteristics of 15 279 children, as well as blood pressure, height, weight measurement. The ratio of dietary VitA to body weight was divided into four groups based on quartiles [≤P25(Q1), >P25~P50(Q2), >P50~P75(Q3), >P75(Q4)]. Generalized linear regression models and Logistic regression models were used to analyze the correlation between ratio of dietary VitA to body weight with blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension.@*Results@#The results of the 2014 baseline survey indicated that, after adjusting for confounding factors such as demographic indicators and nutritional intake, significant differences were observed in systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) among different groups categorized by the ratio of dietary VitA to body weight (F=157.57, 44.71, 95.92, P<0.01). The baseline ratio of dietary VitA to body weight in children exhibited a negative correlation with DBP, SBP and MAP at baseline and in 2019[baseline: β(95%CI)=-0.65(-0.89--0.42), -0.22(-0.42--0.01), -0.36(-0.56--0.16); 2019: β(95%CI)=-0.77(-1.34--0.19), -0.62(-1.21--0.02), -0.77(-1.34--0.19), P<0.05]. Compared to Q1 group, the risk of hypertension decreased among children in Q4 at baseline and followup in 2019 [OR(95%CI)=0.63(0.49-0.81), 0.18(0.08-0.42), P<0.01].@*Conclusions@#The ratio of dietary VitA to body weight is significantly negatively correlated with blood pressure levels among children, and dietary VitA deficiency is an independent risk factor for hypertension among children. Measures should be taken to actively adjust childrens dietary nutrition and reduce the risk of childhood hypertension.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011099

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the phenotype and genotype characteristics of autosomal recessive hearing loss caused by MYO15A gene variants, and to provide genetic diagnosis and genetic counseling for patients and their families. Methods:Identification of MYO15A gene variants by next generation sequencing in two sporadic cases of hearing loss at Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine. The sequence variants were verified by Sanger sequencing.The pathogenicity of these variants was determined according to the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics(ACMG) variant classification guidelines, in conjuction with clinical data. Results:The probands of the two families have bilateral,severe or complete hearing loss.Four variants of MYO15A were identified, including one pathogenic variant that has been reported, two likely pathogenic variants,and one splicing variant of uncertain significance. Patient I carries c. 3524dupA(p. Ser1176Valfs*14), a reported pathogenic variant, and a splicing variant c. 10082+3G>A of uncertain significance according to the ACMG guidelines. Patient I was treated with bilateral hearing aids with satisfactory effect, demonstrated average hearing thresholds of 37.5 dB in the right ear and 33.75 dB in the left ear. Patient Ⅱ carries c. 7441_7442del(p. Leu2481Glufs*86) and c. 10250_10252del(p. Ser3417del),a pair of as likely pathogenic variants according to the ACMG guidelines. Patient Ⅱ, who underwent right cochlear implantation eight years ago, achieved scores of 9 on the Categorical Auditory Performance-Ⅱ(CAP-Ⅱ) and 5 on the Speech Intelligibility Rating(SIR). Conclusion:This study's discovery of the rare c. 7441_7442del variant and the splicing variant c. 10082+3G>A in the MYO15A gene is closely associated with autosomal recessive hearing loss, expanding the MYO15A variant spectrum. Additionally, the pathogenicity assessment of the splicing variant facilitates classification of splicing variations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pedigree , China , Deafness/genetics , Hearing Loss/genetics , Phenotype , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/genetics , Mutation , Myosins/genetics
3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 397-400, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996246

ABSTRACT

The standard treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer is neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy(nCRT) followed by surgery. The therapeutic efficacy of patients after nCRT differs greatly. Effective use of nCRT can accurately predict the efficacy and help patients avoid damage caused by excessive treatment. This article describes the main methods of current nCRT and newly proposed concepts, such as totally neoadjuvant therapy, summarzies its impact on the efficacy of locally advanced rectal cancer, introduces the potential predictive biomarkers of efficacy evaluation for nCRT and the latest advances in clinical, histological and molecular predictors, and discusses the potential value of efficacy prediction in nCRT .

4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 92-98, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996193

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlations of β-catenin expression with the efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) and prognosis of patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations.Methods:The clinical data of 125 patients with stage Ⅲ B-Ⅳ lung adenocarcinoma who were treated with first-line EGFR-TKI treatment in the 901st Hospital of Joint Logistic Support Force of Chinese PLA from January 2016 to December 2019 were collected. The expression of β-catenin protein was detected by immunohistochemistry, and subtypes of EGFR mutations were detected by amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS). Correlations of β-catenin expression with clinicopathological features, efficacy of EGFR-TKI and prognosis were analyzed. Twenty-eight pairs of specimens were selected before EGFR-TKI treatment and after resistance to EGFR-TKI to observe the changes of β-catenin expression. Results:Among 125 advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients with EGFR mutations, there were 60 cases of EGFR 19 del, 55 cases of L858R mutation and 10 cases of rare sensitive mutation; 79 cases (63.2%) had reduced membranous expression of β-catenin, 66 cases (52.8%) had ectopic expression in cytoplasm and 28 cases (22.4%) had ectopic expression in nucleus. The positive rates of Napsin A protein in the groups with different abnormal expression patterns of β-catenin were lower than those in the corresponding normal expression groups (all P < 0.001). Patients with International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) grade Ⅲ showed more frequent translocation in cytoplasma and nucleus of β-catenin than patients with IASLC gradeⅠ-Ⅱ (ectopic expression in cytoplasm: χ2 = 3.99, P = 0.046,ectopic expression in nucleus: χ2 = 11.07, P = 0.001). The objective remission rate (ORR) in patients with reduced membranous expression of β-catenin and ectopic expression in nucleus was lower than that in patients with normal membranous expression ( χ2 = 4.66, P = 0.031) and negative ectopic expression in nucleus ( χ2 = 10.22, P = 0.001), and the disease control rate (DCR) in patients with ectopic expression in nucleus was lower than that in the corresponding normal expression group ( χ2 = 10.95, P = 0.001). Patients with ectopic expression of β-catenin in nucleus and cytoplasma had worse progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) than the corresponding cytoplasmic and nuclear ectopic expression negative groups (both P < 0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that nuclear β-catenin ectopic expression was an independent risk factor for both PFS and OS (PFS: HR = 2.088, 95% CI 1.331-3.274, P = 0.001; OS: HR = 3.656, 95% CI 1.795-7.444, P<0.001). β-catenin membranous expression was reduced in 11 of 28 tissue samples that underwent secondary biopsy compared with pre-treatment ( P = 0.049). Conclusions:β-catenin expression in advanced lung adenocarcinoma with EGFR-sensitive mutations can be used as a molecular marker to predict the efficacy of EGFR-TKI and prognosis of patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995692

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical significance of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA detection in screening patients with hepatitis B.Methods:Clinical data of 682 331 hepatitis B patients were retrospectively analyzed. The HBV DNA of these patients was detected in the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from January 2017 to December 2021, there were 481 159 males and 201 172 females in this cohort, the average age was (41.34±16.13) years. Patients were divided into HBV DNA positive group (219 879 cases) and HBV DNA negative group (462 452 cases). Clinical characteristics, data of five serologic markers of hepatitis B and hepatitis B surface antigen quantification (HBsAg-QN), liver function, alpha fetoprotein (AFP) and prothrombin time (PT) results were collected and analyzed and compared between the two groups.Results:The positive rate of HBV DNA was 32.22% (219 879/682 331) in this cohort. Among the different age groups, the positive rate of HBV DNA was the highest (40.34%, 128 038/317 380) in young people aged 18-44 years. The proportion of patients was lower among aged <1, 45-59 and ≥60 years patients in HBV DNA positive group than that in HBV DNA negative group, while the proportion of patients was higher among aged 1-17 and 18-44 years patients in HBV DNA positive group than that in HBV DNA negative group (all P<0.001). Among 2 291 <1-year-old infants tested for HBV DNA, 71 infants were HBV DNA positive. The positive rates of HBV DNA from 2017 to 2021 were 4.86% (27/556), 3.68% (14/380), 3.47% (17/490), 1.55% (6/386) and 1.46% (7/479) respectively, showing a downward trend year by year. The positive rate of HBV DNA in acute hepatitis B (AHB) patients was the highest (49.88%, 208/417) among 680 040 patients with hepatitis B. The proportion of AHB patients (0.09%, 208/219 808) and chronic hepatitis B (80.44%, 176 806/219 808) in HBV DNA positive group was higher than that in HBV DNA negative group [0.05% (209/460 232) and 65.45% (301, 216/460 232)], while the proportion of patients with HBV-related liver cirrhosis (11.28%, 24 793/219 808), HBV-related liver cancer (6.72%, 14 775/219 808), liver cancer surgery (1.39%, 3 055/219 808) and liver transplantation (0.08%, 171/219 808) were lower than that in HBV DNA negative group [22.99% (105 813/460 232), 7.25% (33 385/460 232), 3.50% (16 129/460 232) and 0.76% (3 480/460 232)] (all P<0.001). At the same time, positive rate of hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg), HBsAg-QN, hepatitis B e antigen (HbeAg), level of total bilirubin, total bilirubin, AFP and PT were higher in HBV DNA positive group than those in HBV DNA negative group, while the age, male ratio and albumin results in HBV DNA positive group were lower than those in HBV DNA negative group (all P<0.01). The HBV DNA loads were higher in HBsAg positive group, hepatitis B surface antibody positive group and HBeAg positive group than those in respective negative groups, while the HBV DNA loads were lower in hepatitis B e antibody positive group and hepatitis B core antibody positive group than those in respective negative groups (all P<0.001). Conclusions:The mother to child transmission rate of<1-year-old infants decreases year by year. HBV DNA is an important factor for the progression of hepatitis B disease. HBV DNA positive hepatitis B patients with higher HBsAg-QN values are more likely to have abnormal serum markers such as liver dysfunction. HBV DNA detection is therefore of clinical importance in screening patients with hepatitis B.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 654-660, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994877

ABSTRACT

Objective:To characterize clinical and neuroimaging features, etiologies, and mechanisms of bilateral middle cerebellar peduncle (MCP) infarctions.Methods:Consecutive patients with bilateral MCP infarctions treated in the Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University between January 1, 2020 and April 30, 2022 were enrolled in this retrospective study. The demographic data, vascular risk factors, clincial manifestations and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores were collected. Brain diffusion-weighted imaging was used to assess the regions of cerebral infarction, and the extracranial and intracranial segments of the vertebrobasilar artery were evaluated using magnetic resonance angiography, or computed tomography angiography. The stroke etiology and underlying mechanism were evaluated according to the Chinese Ischemic Stroke Subclassification.Results:Ten patients with bilateral MCP infarctions (8 men and 2 women) were analyzed ultimately. The onset age were 51.0-86.0 (64.8±11.4) years. NIHSS scores were 2.0-12.0 (4.9±2.9) points at admission. All patients had vascular risk factors, most of which were hypertension (10 cases) and dyslipoproteinemia (8 cases). The most common clinical manifestations were vertigo (10 cases), followed by ataxia (9 cases) and dysarthria (8 cases). Four cases were isolated bilateral MCP infarctions, while 6 patients were combined with other vertebrobasilar artery infarctions, 4 of which were combined with cerebellar hemisphere infarctions, consistent with the clinical symptoms. The etiology in all patients was large atherosclerosis (severe stenosis or occlusion of V4 segment of vertebral artery and anterior inferior cerebellar artery; 9 cases). Five patients were classified as hypoperfusion/impaired emboli clearance, while 4 patients were considered as artery-to-artery embolism, and 1 was considered as the parent artery (plaque or thrombosis) occluding penetrating artery.Conclusions:Bilateral MCP infarctions are an extremely rare cerebrovascular disease characterized by vertigo, ataxia, and dysarthria. Cerebral infarction can be isolated or often combined with cerebellar hemisphere infarction. The etiology was mostly stenosis or occlusion of V4 segment of vertebral artery and anterior inferior cerebellar artery.

7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 504-512, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994860

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the factors on malnutrition or risk of malnutrition in patients with Alzheimer′s disease (AD)-related cognitive impairment,and to further analyze the association between the severity of behavioral and psychological symptoms in dementia (BPSD) and nutritional status.Methods:The clinical data of 247 patients with AD-related cognitive impairment were collected continuously from the Chinese Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle Study of Alzheimer′s Disease (CIBL) cohort between June 1, 2021 and August 31, 2022. The patients were divided into well-nourished group ( n=128) and malnourished group ( n=119) according to the scores of Mini-Nutritional Assessment scale (MNA). The sociodemographic data (sex, age, body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, education level), the medical history of olfactory dysfunction, combination with more than two chronic diseases, and gastrointestinal diseases, presenting BPSD, and the scores of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), Activity of Daily Living (ADL), Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI) and Dietary Diversity Score (DDS) were compared between the two groups. The factors with statistically significant differences in hypothesis test and univariate Logistic regression analysis were enrolled in multivariate Logistic regression analysis to further identify independent factors associated with malnutrition in patients with AD-related cognitive impairment. Furthermore, the association between NPI scores and MNA scores was analyzed by Spearman′s rank correlation test. Results:Compared with those in the well-nourished group, patients in the malnourished group had higher age [(66.70±7.01) years vs (69.14±8.87) years, t=-2.39, P=0.018], lower body mass index [(24.68±2.84) kg/m 2vs (22.69±3.63) kg/m 2, t=4.78, P<0.001], and higher proportion of presenting BPSD [22.66% (29/128) vs 76.47% (91/119), χ 2=71.49, P<0.001]; lower scores of MMSE, MoCA, and DDS [24.27±4.69 vs 18.95±8.40, t=6.09; 20.29±5.18 vs 14.55±8.12, t=6.56; 8.00 (8.00, 9.00) vs 8.00 (7.00, 8.00), Z=-4.66; all P<0.001], and higher scores of NPI, ADL and CBI [1.00 (0, 6.00) vs 10.00 (2.00, 25.00), Z=-6.50; 20.00 (20.00, 22.00) vs 27.00 (20.00, 40.00), Z=-7.08; 1.00 (0, 14.75) vs 12.00 (2.00, 35.00), Z=-5.13; all P<0.001]. There were no statistically significant differences in the sex, waist-to-hip ratio, education level, and the medical history of olfactory dysfunction, combination with more than two chronic diseases, and gastrointestinal diseases between the two groups. The multiple Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the decreased body mass index ( OR=0.79, 95% CI 0.70-0.89, P<0.001), presenting BPSD ( OR=7.84, 95% CI 3.67-16.73, P<0.001), elevated ADL scores ( OR=1.15, 95% CI 1.06-1.24, P<0.001) and CBI scores ( OR=0.98, 95% CI 0.97-1.00, P=0.026), and decreased scores of DDS ( OR=0.66, 95% CI 0.51-0.84, P=0.001) were independently associated with malnutrition in patients with AD-related cognitive impairment. The MNA scores were significantly negatively associated with NPI scores ( r=-0.483,95% CI -0.58--0.38, P<0.001). Conclusions:The decreased body mass index, dietary diversity, and ability of daily living, and presenting BPSD and heavy burden of caregivers can independently contribute to the malnutrition in patients with AD-related cognitive impairment. The more serious the BPSD, the worse the nutritional status.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993692

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To analyze the potential biomarkers of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in patients with Alzheimer′s disease (AD) continuum.Methods:A prospective cohort study was consecutively conducted on 179 patients with AD continuum (135 presented with BPSD, 44 patients without BPSD as control) from Capital Medical University, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, the Chinese imaging biomarkers and lifestyle cohort between January 1, 2021 and December 31, 2022. Gender, age, body max index, education level, diagnosis, the apolipoprotein E epsilon4 allele (APOE ε4) carrier status, the scores of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) AD-related pathological biomarkers (Aβ 42, Aβ 40, Aβ 42/40, tTau, pTau181), and blood biomarkers (white blood cell count, red blood cell count, hemoglobin, platelet, total bilirubin, albumin, total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting glucose, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, homocysteine, vitamin B 12, folate) were compared between the two groups by using hypothesis testing and univariate logistic regression analysis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the potential biomarkers associated with BPSD in patients with AD. Results:Among the 179 patients with AD continuum in the final analysis, 77 patients were men, 102 cases were women; 35 patients were identified with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to AD and 144 patients with AD dementia stage, the mean age was (66.54±9.75) years. Compared with those in control group, patients with BPSD had lower cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Aβ 40 and blood hemoglobin levels [7.08 (4.42, 15.42) vs 9.62 (6.45, 12.12) pg/L, (132.70±13.37) vs (138.80±14.38) g/L] ( U=-1.856, t=2.579, P<0.05). The levels of CSF Aβ 40 ( OR=0.030, 95% CI: 0.001-0.760) and blood hemoglobin ( OR=0.051, 95% CI: 0.004-0.670) were independently negatively associated with BPSD in patients with AD continuum (both P<0.05). Conclusion:The decreased levels of CSF Aβ 40 and blood hemoglobin could be considered as potential biomarkers in detecting BPSD in patients with AD continuum.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993638

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation between related indexes of serum lipid and insulin resistance and cognitive impairment in middle-aged and elderly people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).Methods:In this cross-sectional study, 262 middle-aged and elderly patients with a Montreal Cognitive Function Scale (MoCA) cognitive score greater than or equal to 18 points who underwent physical examination in the Health Management Center of Beijing Tiantan Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 1 to July 31, 2021 were selected as subjects. According to the cognitive function and MoCA score, the patients were divided into MCI group (143 cases) and normal cognition group (119 cases). Basic data, fasting blood glucose, triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol, apolipoprotein E(ApoE) genotype and other clinical indicators were collected. Hypothesis test was used to compare the differences in basic data, related indicators of blood lipid and insulin resistance between the two groups. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between related indicators of blood lipid and insulin resistance and MoCA score in the two groups.Results:The age and the proportion of patients with hypertension, coronary heart disease and diabetes in the MCI group were all significantly higher than those in normal cognition group [(54.83±8.29) vs (50.76±6.34) years, 37.76% vs 31.93%, 4.20% vs 0.84%, 16.08% vs 8.40%] (all P<0.05). The elevation of serum TG ( r=-0.50, 95% CI:-0.88--0.12), TG glucose product index (TyG) ( r=-0.75, 95% CI:-1.29--0.20) and TG to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (TG/HDL-C) ( r=-0.52, 95% CI:-0.91--0.13) were all negatively correlated with MoCA score (all P<0.05). After adjusting for age and gender, the elevation of TG ( r=-0.39, 95% CI:-0.75--0.31) and TG/HDL-C ( r=-0.43, 95% CI:-0.80--0.05) were both still negatively correlated with MoCA score (both P<0.05). There was no significant correlation between all indexes and MoCA scores in the normal cognition group (all P>0.05). The elevated TG was negatively correlated with MoCA score in the MCI group ( r=-0.70, 95% CI:-1.23-0.16, P=0.017). There was no significant correlation between elevated TG and MoCA score in patients carrying ApoE ε2 and ApoE ε3 genotypes in MCI group (all P>0.05). Conclusion:Elevated related indexes of blood lipids and insulin resistance are negatively correlated with cognitive scores in middle-aged and elderly people with MCI, and it′s more obvious in patients with ApoE ε4 genotype.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993637

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influencing factors of post stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) and their correlation with cognitive scores in patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods:In this cross-section study, 36 patients diagnosed with acute ischemic stroke and post stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) admitted to the Department of Vascular Neurology of Beijing Tiantian Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from June 1, 2022 to September 30, 2022 were selected as the PSCI group. And one to one matching was performed for patients without PSCI (PSNCI group) with an age±1 year and same gender admitted to the hospital during the same period (as control, 36 cases). Basic clinical data of the two groups were collected, the laboratory and imaging examinations were completed. Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA) were used for cognitive evaluation by neuropsychologists. Hypothesis testing was used to compare the differences in basic data, laboratory tests and lesion sites between the two groups. Multi-factor conditional logistic regression was performed to analyze the influencing factors of PSCI, and Spearman correlation analysis was carried out to analyze the correlation between influencing factors of PSCI and the cognitive scores.Results:Compared with those in PSNCI group, the proportion of patients with stroke/transient ischemic attack history, hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy), apolipoprotein E(ApoE) ε4 carriers and the ratio of temporal lobe and thalamus infarction were higher in PSCI group (41.7% vs 13.9%, 36.1% vs 2.8%, 30.6% vs 5.6%, 22.3% vs 2.8%, 25.0% vs 5.6%), the MMSE and MoCA scores were lower in PSCI group [16.50 (8.25, 19.00) vs 28.00 (27.00, 30.00), 10.00 (4.25, 14.50) vs 27.00 (25.00, 28.00)] (all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that HHcy was a positive correlation factor for PSCI ( OR=2.342, 95% CI=1.186-4.622, P=0.014). Spearman correlation analysis showed that MMSE ( r=-0.415) and MoCA ( r=-0.417) scores were negatively correlated with homocysteine (Hcy) (both P<0.05). Conclusion:HHcy is an important factor affecting the occurrence and development of PSCI in patients with acute ischemic stroke, and Hcy level is negatively correlated with cognitive scores in those patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993219

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy is widely used in the treatment of primary and metastatic malignant tumors. It is traditionally believed that the killing effect of radiotherapy on tumor is based on the direct or indirect damage of ionizing radiation to DNA. In recent years, the anti-tumor role and mechanism of anti-tumor immune response induced by ionizing radiation have captivated widespread attention and achieved significant progress. Among them, Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS)-stimulator of interference genes (STING) pathway is considered to be one of the key regulatory hubs. cGAS is a cytoplasmic DNA receptor that can bind to tumor-derived double-stranded DNA and activate the downstream STING, thereby activating anti-tumor immune response of the host. In view of the latest progress in this field, the important role and potential mechanism of cGAS-STING pathway in radiotherapy immune effect were mainly summarized, and the application prospect of targeting cGAS-STING pathway in radiotherapy sensitization was explored.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 321-325, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992024

ABSTRACT

Objective:To survey treatment and prognosis of hyperkalemia patients in the emergency department and to analyze factors associated with all-cause in-hospital mortality.Methods:We implemented electronic hospital information system, extracted demographic characteristics, underlying diseases, laboratory findings, potassium lowering therapy and prognosis of hyperkalemia patients [age ≥ 18 years, serum potassium (K +) concentration ≥ 5.5 mmol/L] in the emergency department of Peking Union hospital in Beijing between June 1st 2019 to May 31st 2020. The enrolled subjects were divided into the non-survival group and the survival group according to their prognosis. Univariate analysis and Cox regression model were adopted to analyze factors affecting all-cause in-hospital mortality of hyperkalemia patients. Results:A total of 579 patients [median age 64 (22) years; 310 men (53.5%) and 269 women (46.5%)] with hyperkalemia were enrolled, among which, 317 (54.7%), 143 (24.7%) and 119 (20.6%) were mild, moderate, and severe hyperkalemia, respectively. 499 (86.20%) patients received potassium-lowering therapy, forty-four treatment regimens were administered. Insulin and glucose (I+G, 61.3%), diuretics (Diu, 57.2%), sodium bicarbonate (SB, 41.9%) and calcium gluconate/chloride (CA, 44.4%) were commonly used for the treatment of hyperkalemiain the emergency department. The combination of insulin and glucose, calcium gluconate/chloride, diuretics and sodium bicarbonate (I+G+CA+Diu+SB) was the most favored combined treatment regimen of hyperkalemia in the emergency department. The higher serum potassium concentration, the higher proportion of administrating combined treatment regimen and/or hemodialysis (HD) (the proportion of administrating combined treatment regimen in mild, moderate, and severe hyperkalemia patients were 58.4%, 82.5% and 94.8%; the proportion of administrating HD in mild, moderate, and severe hyperkalemia patients were 9.7%, 13.3% and 16.0%, respectively). The proportion of achievement of normokalaemia elevated as the kinds of potassium lowering treatment included in the combined treatment regimen increased. The proportion of achievement of normokalaemia was 100% in the combined treatment regimen including 6 kinds of potassium lowering therapy. Among various potassium lowering treatments, HD contributed to the highest rate of achievement of normokalaemia (93.8%). 111 of 579 (19.20%) hyperkalemia patients died in hospital. Cox regression model revealed that complicated with cardiac dysfunction predicted higher mortality [hazard ratio ( HR) = 1.757, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.155-2.672, P = 0.009]. Achievement of normokalaemia and administration of diuretics attributed to lower mortality ( HR = 0.248, 95% CI was 0.155-0.398, P = 0.000; HR = 0.335, 95% CI was 0.211-0.531, P = 0.000, respectively). Conclusions:Treatment of hyperkalemia in the emergency department were various. Complicated with cardiac dysfunction were associated with higher mortality. Achieving normokalaemia was associated with decreased mortality.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the behavior and emotion of trainees (residents) in the standardized residency training under the novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) epidemic, and adjust the training plan and mode of standardized residency training during the NCP epidemic according to the survey results.Methods:A real-name closed questionnaire survey was conducted among 40 residents (27 ultrasound majors and 13 other majors) in ultrasound department using the "Questionnaire Star" WeChat applet, including basic personal information, questions related to NCP, behavioral change survey, behavioral attitude survey and emotional status survey. All the collected data were further statistically analyzed by Chi-square test and rank sum test using SPSS 19.0Results:There were forty valid questionnaires and the participation rate was 100.0%. The accuracy of 24 NCP-related questions was not significantly different between residents majoring in ultrasound and other specialties [92.0%(596/648) vs. 93.6%(292/312), P>0.05]. All the residents had a good understanding of NCP. The main behaviors of going out were significantly reduced, while various behaviors of being at home were significantly increased. Their interest in learning declined. When the epidemic happened (or possibly) in the community or village they lived in, their negative emotions, such as nervousness, fear pessimism and depression, were obviously expressed. Network teaching and evaluation through WeChat public number were adopted and we guided residents to adjust their home behaviors and emotions according to the survey results. Conclusion:Under the NCP epidemic, the behaviors and emotions of residents had been extensively changed. The training center should adjust the teaching plan and mode of training in time, and provide more counselling service in psychology and learning for residents during the epidemic.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991090

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of lung protective ventilation on lung ventilation function and serum Clara cell protein 16 (CC16) level in patients undergoing gynecological laparoscopic surgery.Methods:The clinical data of 80 gynecological patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery in Yancheng City Jianhu County People′s Hospital from October 2018 to December 2020 were randomly divided into group A and group B by random number table, each group with 40 cases. The patients in group A were treated with intermittent positive-pressure ventilation, and the patients in group B were ventilated with whole course ventilation mode. The pulmonary ventilation function, CC16 level and postoperative pulmonary complications were observed before anesthesia, 10 min of pneumoperitoneum, 30 min of pneumoperitoneum, 5 min of pneumoperitoneum stop and 2 h after operation. The patients were divided into groups according to whether with pulmonary complications, and their pulmonary ventilation function and serum CC16 level were compared. The predictive value of the above indexes for pulmonary complications was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:Repeated measurement analysis of variance showed that alveolar arterial oxygen differential pressure (PA-aDO 2) were significant differences in time point factors, time point interaction factors and group factors ( P<0.05); CC16 index were significant differences in time point factor and group factor ( P<0.05). According to the observation from postoperative to discharge, 4 patients (10.0%) in group A had pulmonary complications, 15 cases (37.5%) had pulmonary complications in group B, the levels of PA-aDO 2 and CC16 in patients with complications were significantly higher than those in patients without complications: group A:(332.9 ± 2.0) mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) vs. (290.4 ± 13.2) mmHg, (53.5 ± 1.5) μg/L vs. (39.5 ± 6.5) μg/L; group B: (339.1 ± 8.8) mmHg vs. (305.7 ± 17.9) mmHg, (41.5 ± 4.2) μg/L vs. (39.7 ± 5.8) μg/L, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve(AUC) of PA-aDO 2 and CC16 in predicting pulmonary complications in group A were 0.882 and 0.833, in group B was 0.885 and 0.731. Conclusions:Lung protective ventilation has little effect on lung ventilation function and serum CC16 in patients with gynecological laparoscopic surgery, and the probability of pulmonary complications is lower. The pulmonary ventilation function and CC16 have certain value in predicting postoperative pulmonary complications.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990629

ABSTRACT

Liver diseases are common in China and the incidence and mortality of primary liver cancer are among the top in the world. As one of the therapeutic methods for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), liver transplantation has become an important technique in hepatic surgery. Most of patients with HCC have progressed to stage B or C of Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging when diagnosed. How to reduce the dropout rate of HCC patients due to the progression of tumor when waiting for liver transplantation, develop individualized immunosuppressant plans for HCC patients after liver transplantation, and accurately manage patients with HCC recurrence after liver transplan-tation are the current hotspots of research. The authors review the relevant literature, summarize the treatment experience, and discuss the hot issues in liver transplantation for HCC, in order to provide reference for related treatment.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989855

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC) and non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in the treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) with moderate typeⅡ respiratory failure, to clarify the feasibility of HFNC in the treatment of AECOPD, and to explore the influencing factors of HFNC failure.Methods:This study was a randomized controlled trial of non-inferiority. Patients with AECOPD with moderate type Ⅱ respiratory failure [arterial blood gas pH 7.25-7.35, partial pressure of arterial blood carbon dioxide (PaCO 2)> 50 mmHg] admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) from January 2018 to December 2021 were randomly assigned to the HFNC group and NIV group to receive respiratory support. The primary endpoint was the treatment failure rate. The secondary endpoints were blood gas analysis and vital signs at 1 h, 12 h, and 48 h, total duration of respiratory support, 28-day mortality, comfort score, ICU length of stay, and total length of stay. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the failure factors of HFNC treatment. Results:Totally 228 patients were randomly divided into two groups, 108 patients in the HFNC group and 110 patients in the NIV group. The treatment failure rate was 29.6% in the HFNC group and 25.5% in the NIV group. The risk difference of failure rate between the two groups was 4.18% (95% CI: -8.27%~16.48%, P=0.490), which was lower than the non-inferiority value of 9%. The most common causes of failure in the HFNC group were carbon dioxide retention and aggravation of respiratory distress, and the most common causes of failure in the NIV group were treatment intolerance and aggravation of respiratory distress. Treatment intolerance in the HFNC group was significantly lower than that in the NIV group (-29.02%, 95% CI -49.52%~-7.49%; P=0.004). After 1 h of treatment, the pH in both groups increased significantly, PaCO 2 decreased significantly and the oxygenation index increased significantly compared with baseline (all P < 0.05). PaCO 2 in both groups decreased gradually at 1 h, 12 h and 48 h after treatment, and the pH gradually increased. The average number of daily airway care interventions and the incidence of nasal and facial lesions in the HFNC group were significantly lower than those in the NIV group ( P < 0.05), while the comfort score in the HFNC group was significantly higher than that in the NIV group ( P=0.021). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the total duration of respiratory support, dyspnea score, ICU length of stay, total length of stay and 28-day mortality (all P > 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ score (≥15), family NIV, history of cerebrovascular accident, PaCO 2 (≥60 mmHg) and respiratory rate (≥32 times/min) at 1 h were independent predictors of HFNC failure. Conclusions:HFNC is not inferior to NIV in the treatment of AECOPD complicated with moderate type Ⅱ respiratory failure. HFNC is an ideal choice of respiratory support for patients with NIV intolerance, but clinical application should pay attention to the influencing factors of its treatment failure.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970512

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the mechanism of Qingkailing(QKL) Oral Preparation's heat-clearing, detoxifying, mind-tranquilizing effects based on "component-target-efficacy" network. To be specific, the potential targets of the 23 major components in QKL Oral Preparation were predicted by the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) and SwissTargetPrediction. The target genes were obtained based on UniProt. OmicsBean and STRING 10 were used for Gene Ontology(GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment of the targets. Cytoscape 3.8.2 was employed for visualization and construction of "component-target-pathway-pharmacological effect-efficacy" network, followed by molecular docking between the 23 main active components and 15 key targets. Finally, the lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cells were adopted to verify the anti-inflammatory effect of six monomer components in QKL Oral Preparation. It was found that the 23 compounds affected 33 key signaling pathways through 236 related targets, such as arachidonic acid metabolism, tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α) signaling pathway, inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, cAMP signaling pathway, cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, Th17 cell differentiation, interleukin-17(IL-17) signaling pathway, neuroactive ligand-receptor intera-ction, calcium signaling pathway, and GABAergic synapse. They were involved in the anti-inflammation, immune regulation, antipyretic effect, and anti-convulsion of the prescription. The "component-target-pathway-pharmacological effect-efficacy" network of QKL Oral Preparation was constructed. Molecular docking showed that the main active components had high binding affinity to the key targets. In vitro cell experiment indicated that the six components in the prescription(hyodeoxycholic acid, baicalin, chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid C, epigoitrin, geniposide) can reduce the expression of nitric oxide(NO), TNF-α, and interleukin-6(IL-6) in cell supernatant(P<0.05). Thus, the above six components may be the key pharmacodynamic substances of QKL Oral Preparation. The major components in QKL Oral Prescription, including hyodeoxycholic acid, baicalin, chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid C, epigoitrin, geniposide, cholic acid, isochlorogenic acid A, and γ-aminobutyric acid, may interfere with multiple biological processes related to inflammation, immune regulation, fever, and convulsion by acting on the key protein targets such as IL-6, TNF, prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2(PTGS2), arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase(ALOX5), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1(VCAM1), nitric oxide synthase 2(NOS2), prostaglandin E2 receptor EP2 subtype(PTGER2), gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha(GABRA), gamma-aminobutyric acid type B receptor subunit 1(GABBR1), and 4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase(ABAT). This study reveals the effective components and mechanism of QKL Oral Prescription.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Chlorogenic Acid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid , Interleukin-6 , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
18.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 889-895, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013193

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical and molecular diagnostic status of Fanconi anemia (FA) in China. Methods: The General situation, clinical manifestations and chromosome breakage test and genetic test results of 107 pediatric FA cases registered in the Chinese Blood and Marrow Transplantation Registry Group (CBMTRG) and the Chinese Children Blood and Marrow Transplantation Registry Group (CCBMTRG) from August 2009 to January 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. Children with FANCA gene variants were divided into mild and severe groups based on the type of variant, and Wilcoxon-test was used to compare the phenotypic differences between groups. Results: Of the 176 registered FA patients, 69 (39.2%) cases were excluded due to lack of definitive genetic diagnosis results, and the remaining 107 children from 15 hospitals were included in the study, including 70 males and 37 females. The age at transplantation treatment were 6 (4, 9) years. The enrolled children were involved in 10 pathogenic genes, including 89 cases of FANCA gene, 7 cases of FANCG gene, 3 cases of FANCB gene, 2 cases of FANCE gene and 1 case each of FANCC, FANCD1, FANCD2, FANCF, FANCJ, and FANCN gene. Compound heterozygous or homozygous of loss-of-function variants account for 69.2% (72/104). Loss-of-function variants account for 79.2% (141/178) in FANCA gene variants, and 20.8% (37/178) were large exon deletions. Fifty-five children (51.4%) had chromosome breakage test records, with a positive rate of 81.8% (45/55). There were 172 congenital malformations in 80 children.Café-au-Lait spots (16.3%, 28/172), thumb deformities (16.3%,28/172), polydactyly (13.9%, 24/172), and short stature (12.2%, 21/172) were the most common congenital malformations in Chinese children with FA. No significant difference was found in the number of congenital malformations between children with severe (50 cases) and mild FANCA variants (26 cases) (Z=-1.33, P=0.185). Conclusions: FANCA gene is the main pathogenic gene in children with FA, where the detection of its exon deletion should be strengthened clinically. There were no phenotypic differences among children with different types of FANCA variants. Chromosome break test is helpful to determine the pathogenicity of variants, but its accuracy needs to be improved.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Fanconi Anemia/genetics , Chromosome Breakage , Retrospective Studies , Exons , China/epidemiology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008099

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the brain age differences between Alzheimer's disease(AD)and mild cognitive impairment(MCI)patients,and further explore the correlations between brain age gap(BAG)and clinical features.Methods The clinical data and radiologic findings of 132 probable AD and AD-derived MCI patients diagnosed at Beijing Tiantan Hospital,Capital Medical University from December 2018 to July 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the diagnostic criteria for AD and MCI,the patients were assigned into AD and MCI groups.In addition,156 volunteers without neurological diseases and other severe diseases were recruited as the control group.The general data,Montreal cognitive assessment(MoCA)score,and mini-mental state examination(MMSE)score were compared among the three groups.The deep learning-based brain age prediction model was employed to calculate the BAGs of the three groups.Spearman correlation analysis was conducted to explore the correlations between BAG and clinical features.Results The 132 patients included 106 patients in the AD group and 26 patients in the MCI group.The MoCA and MMSE scores followed an ascending trend of AD group<MCI group<control group(all P<0.001).The predicted brain age and BAG in the AD group were higher than those in the MCI group(P=0.040,P=0.003)and control group(P=0.001,P<0.001).There was no significant difference in predicted brain age or BAG between MCI and control groups(P=0.352,P=0.224).BAG was negatively correlated with MoCA score(r=-0.341,P<0.001)and MMSE score(r=-0.324,P=0.001)in the AD group.Conclusion BAG can be used as an imaging biomarker to evaluate the degree of brain structural variation and the severity of brain injury in the patients with cognitive impairment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alzheimer Disease , Retrospective Studies , Cognitive Dysfunction , Brain/diagnostic imaging
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007854

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to determine the HIV-1 subtype distribution and HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) in patients with ART failure from 2014 to 2020 in Hainan, China.@*METHODS@#A 7-year cross-sectional study was conducted among HIV/AIDS patients with ART failure in Hainan. We used online subtyping tools and the maximum likelihood phylogenetic tree to confirm the HIV subtypes with pol sequences. Drug resistance mutations (DRMs) were analyzed using the Stanford University HIV Drug Resistance Database.@*RESULTS@#A total of 307 HIV-infected patients with ART failure were included, and 241 available pol sequences were obtained. Among 241 patients, CRF01_AE accounted for 68.88%, followed by CRF07_BC (17.00%) and eight other subtypes (14.12%). The overall prevalence of HIVDR was 61.41%, and the HIVDR against non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), and protease inhibitors (PIs) were 59.75%, 45.64%, and 2.49%, respectively. Unemployed patients, hypoimmunity or opportunistic infections in individuals, and samples from 2017 to 2020 increased the odd ratios of HIVDR. Also, HIVDR was less likely to affect female patients. The common DRMs to NNRTIs were K103N (21.99%) and Y181C (20.33%), and M184V (28.21%) and K65R (19.09%) were the main DRMs against NRTIs.@*CONCLUSION@#The present study highlights the HIV-1 subtype diversity in Hainan and the importance of HIVDR surveillance over a long period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , HIV-1/genetics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Phylogeny , Anti-HIV Agents/therapeutic use , Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Mutation , China/epidemiology , Prevalence , Genotype
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