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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 223-240, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011235

ABSTRACT

Lenvatinib, a second-generation multi-receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved by the FDA for first-line treatment of advanced liver cancer, facing limitations due to drug resistance. Here, we applied a multidimensional, high-throughput screening platform comprising patient-derived resistant liver tumor cells (PDCs), organoids (PDOs), and xenografts (PDXs) to identify drug susceptibilities for conquering lenvatinib resistance in clinically relevant settings. Expansion and passaging of PDCs and PDOs from resistant patient liver tumors retained functional fidelity to lenvatinib treatment, expediting drug repurposing screens. Pharmacological screening identified romidepsin, YM155, apitolisib, NVP-TAE684 and dasatinib as potential antitumor agents in lenvatinib-resistant PDC and PDO models. Notably, romidepsin treatment enhanced antitumor response in syngeneic mouse models by triggering immunogenic tumor cell death and blocking the EGFR signaling pathway. A combination of romidepsin and immunotherapy achieved robust and synergistic antitumor effects against lenvatinib resistance in humanized immunocompetent PDX models. Collectively, our findings suggest that patient-derived liver cancer models effectively recapitulate lenvatinib resistance observed in clinical settings and expedite drug discovery for advanced liver cancer, providing a feasible multidimensional platform for personalized medicine.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 343-350, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007250

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the therapeutic effect of Qingjie Huagong decoction (QJHGD) on a mouse model of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and the mechanism of action of QJHGD against inflammatory response. MethodsA total of 36 male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into blank group, model group, Western medicine group (ulinastatin), and low-, middle-, and high-dose QJHGD groups, with 6 mice in each group. All mice except those in the blank group were given 5% sodium taurocholate by retrograde pancreaticobiliary injection to establish a model of SAP. After modeling, the mice in the low-, middle-, and high-dose groups were given QJHGD (1, 2, and 4 g/kg, respectively) by gavage, and those in the Western medicine group were given intraperitoneal injection of ulinastatin (5×104 U/kg), for 7 days in total. HE staining was used to observe the histopathological changes of the pancreas; ELISA was used to measure the levels of α-amylase, lipase, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), interleukin-18 (IL-18), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in mice; RT-qPCR was used to measure the mRNA expression levels of NOD-like receptor protein3 (NLRP3), Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) in pancreatic tissue; immunohistochemistry was used to measure the positive expression rates of NLRP3, TLR4, and NF-κB in pancreatic tissue; Western blot was used to measure the protein expression levels of NLRP3, TLR4, NF-κB, IL-1β, and IL-6. An analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsCompared with the blank group, the model group had diffuse destruction of pancreatic tissue structure, focal dilatation of pancreatic lobular septum, pancreatic acinar atrophy, and massive inflammatory cell infiltration, as well as significant increases in the content of α-amylase, lipase, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-18, and TNF-α (all P<0.05), the mRNA expression levels and positive expression rates of NLRP3, TLR4, and NF-κB (all P<0.05), and the protein expression levels of NLRP3, TLR4, NF-κB, IL-1β, and IL-6 (all P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the low-, middle-, and high-dose QJHGD groups and the Western medicine group had slightly tighter and more intact structure of pancreatic tissue, ordered arrangement of pancreatic acinar cells, a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration, and hemorrhagic foci of pancreatic lobules, as well as significant reductions in the content of α-amylase, lipase, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-18, and TNF-α (all P<0.05), the mRNA expression levels and positive expression rates of NLRP3, TLR4, and NF-κB (all P<0.05), and the protein expression levels of NLRP3, TLR4, NF-κB, IL-1β, and IL-6 (all P<0.05). ConclusionQJHGD may exert a protective effect on the pancreatic tissue of SAP mice by inhibiting the activation of NLRP3/TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway-related proteins, reducing the release of inflammatory mediators, and preventing the enhancement of inflammatory cascade response.

3.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 165-174, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015227

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of cholesterol on the proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) in ob/ob obese mice, and to explore the possible mechanism of central nervous systym dysfunction caused by obesity. Methods Selected 64-month-old ob/ob and wild type (WT) mice, and cell proliferation antigen (Ki67) and doublecortin (DCX) immunofluorescenct staining were used to detect ob/ob mice lateral ventricle subventricular zone (SVZ) neurogenesis level. Cultured SVZ NSCs isolated from 184-month-old ob/ob and WT mice, and BrdU incorporation experiment and β-III-tubulin (Tuj1) immunofluorescent staining were employed to detect the self-renewal and differentiation ability of NSCs. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry(MALDI- MS)was used to detect the lipid distribution in 4-month-old ob/ob and WT mice brain tissues, and measure the changes of cholesterol(ST) content and the expression genes related to cholesterol synthesis. Cultured 15 WT postnatal day 0(P0) mouse SVZ NSCs in vitro and electrotransfected with the small interfering RNA(siRNA) sequence of cholesterol synthesis rate-limiting enzyme 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A reductase (Hmgcr) verified the knockdown efficiency, to detecte the effect of Hmgcr gene knockdown on NSCs by BrdU incorporation experiment and Tuj1 immunofluorescent staining. Results Compared with the WT mice, the number of Ki67

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2305-2313, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013971

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effects of ethanol extraction of Dysosma versipellis on the proliferation and apoptosis of renal clear cell carcinoma OS-RC-2 cells and the underlying mechanism. Methods After treated with Dysosma versipellis, the proliferation of OS-RC-2 cells was detected by the CCK-8 assay and clone formation assay. The migration rate of cells was detected by thewound healing assay and Transwell assay. The level of ROS was detected by the reactive oxygen detection kit. The common targets between Dysosma versipellis and ROS were obtained by the network pharmacology. The above common targets were analyzed by KEGG. The apoptosis rate and cell cycle were detected by the flow cytometry, and the key proteins of MAPK signaling pathway and the levels of apoptosis related proteins were measured by Western blot. Results The results showed that Dysosma versipellis significantly inhibited the cell viability and migration ability of 0S-RC-2 cells, and up-regulated the level of ROS. Network pharmacology analysis showed a total of 165 common targets between Dysosma versipellis and ROS. KEGG analysis of the common targets revealed that there were significant changes in the MAPK signaling pathway. The results of Western blot showed that after treated with Dysosma versipellis, the protein level of JNK and the ratio of p-ERK/ERK were down-regulated. Besides, the protein level of caspase-9 and Bcl-2 declined, while the levels of cleaved caspase-9 and Bax were promoted. The flow cytometry results showed that Dysosma versipellis could significantly promote the apoptosis rate,down-regulate the cells in Gl-phase,while up-regulate the cells in G2/M-phase. The results of the rescue experiment showed that co-administration of NAC and Dysosma versipellis could significantly reverse the cell viability and apoptosis rate, the level of apop-totic related proteins, as well as the protein levels of MAPK pathway,when compared to treated with Dysosma versipellis alone in OS-RC-2. Conclusion In summary, Dysosma versipellis may inhibit the MAPK signaling pathway via the changes in ROS,further promoting apoptosis rate and decline cell proliferation in OS-RC-2 cell line.

5.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 464-468, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006040

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To predict the expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) in urothelial bladder carcinoma based on normalized apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). 【Methods】 The preoperative pelvic 3.0T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images of 127 patients with urothelial bladder carcinoma were retrospectively studied, the ADC was measured, and the HER2 expression in postoperative tissue specimens was determined with immunohistochemistry (IHC). The differences in normalized ADC were analyzed among different HER2 expressions and among different expression divisions. Correlation between normalized ADC and HER2 expression was analyzed. The optimal diagnostic threshold for distinguishing different expression divisions were determined with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. 【Results】 Normalized ADC was negatively correlated with HER2 expression (tau-b=-0.180, P=0.008). Normalized ADC of HER2 overexpression group (IHC 2+, 3+) was lower than that of HER2 negative group (IHC 0, 1+) (P=0.081). Normalized ADC of HER2 expression group (IHC 1+, 2+, 3+) was significantly lower than that of HER2 zero-expression group (IHC 0) (P=0.020). Normalized ADC of HER2 strong positive group (IHC 3+) was significantly lower than that of HER2 non-strong positive group (IHC 0, 1+, 2+) (P=0.024). The optimal diagnostic threshold of HER2 strong positive group was 0.849; the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 0.621, 0.909 and 0.765, respectively. The optimal diagnostic threshold of HER2 overexpression group was 0.909; the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 0.547, 0.667 and 0.607, respectively. 【Conclusion】 Normalized ADC is negatively correlated with HER2 expression. ADC may be a potential marker for predicting HER2 expression.

6.
Journal of Stroke ; : 399-408, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001595

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose To examine the clinical and safety outcomes after endovascular treatment (EVT) for acute basilar artery occlusion (BAO) with different anesthetic modalities. @*Methods@#This was a retrospective analysis using data from the Endovascular Treatment for Acute Basilar Artery Occlusion (ATTENTION) registry. Patients were divided into two groups defined by anesthetic modality performed during EVT: general anesthesia (GA) or non-general anesthesia (non-GA). The association between anesthetic management and clinical outcomes was evaluated in a propensity score matched (PSM) cohort and an inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) cohort to adjust for imbalances between the two groups. @*Results@#Our analytic sample included 1,672 patients from 48 centers. The anesthetic modality was GA in 769 (46.0%) and non-GA in 903 (54.0%) patients. In our primary analysis with the PSM-based cohort, non-GA was comparable to GA concerning the primary outcome (adjusted common odds ratio [acOR], 1.01; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.82 to 1.25; P=0.91). Mortality at 90 days was 38.4% in the GA group and 35.8% in the non-GA group (adjusted risk ratio, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.83 to 1.08; P=0.44). In our secondary analysis with the IPTW-based cohort, the anesthetic modality was significantly associated with the distribution of modified Rankin Scale at 90 days (acOR: 1.45 [95% CI: 1.20 to 1.75]). @*Conclusion@#In this nationally-representative observational study, acute ischemic stroke patients due to BAO undergoing EVT without GA had similar clinical and safety outcomes compared with patients treated with GA. These findings provide the basis for large-scale randomized controlled trials to test whether anesthetic management provides meaningful clinical effects for patients undergoing EVT.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1670-1675, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features and outcomes of infants (<1 year old) with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (IALL).@*METHODS@#The clinical manifestations, laboratory examination results, treatment and prognosis of 18 infants diagnosed with ALL at our department between January 1, 2014 and August 31, 2022 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 18 cases of IALL, there were 10 males and 8 females. The median age of patients was 6.5 months old (3 months-11 months old). The median white blood cell count (WBC) was 33.63×109/L [(3.92-470)×109/L] at initial diagnosis, including 2 patients with WBC≥300×109/L. Flow cytometric immunophenotyping showed a B-lineage infant ALL in all the 18 patients. Eight of the 18 children had abnormal chromosome karyotype analysis. Fusion gene detection showed 12 KMT2A-rearrangement of 18 patients. 15 patients underwent leukemia related mutation gene screening, among which KRAS, NRAS and FLT3 were the most common mutation genes. 4 patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and two survived. 14 patients received chemotherapy only and ten survived. The 3-year OS rate was (65.5±11.5)%, while the EFS rate was (46.9±12.3)%.@*CONCLUSION@#B-cell ALL and KMT2A rearrangement are prevalent in IALL. The therapeutic effect of IALL with standard childhood ALL protocal is similer to international infant specific protocal.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Infant , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Mutation
8.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1086-1093, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009028

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To clarify the intervention guidance of return to sports WeChat applet and evaluate the rehabilitation effectiveness after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.@*METHODS@#Between September 2020 and September 2022, 80 patients who met the selection criteria and underwent ACL anatomical single bundle reconstruction were selected as the research objects. According to the double-blind random method, they were divided into the applet group and the regular group, with 40 cases in each group. Patients in the applet group were rehabilitated under the guidance of the return to sports WeChat applet, and the patients were asked to perform the test once a month after operation, including patients' subjective scores [Tegner score, knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS), International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, American Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score], psychological assessment [ACL recovery sports injury scale (ACL-RSI) score], jumping test, balance test, bending angle test. Patients in the regular group were followed up by doctors and nurses regularly by telephone every month. All the patients were reexamined at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after operation, and the range of motion of the knee joint with 6 degrees of freedom (flexion and extension angle, varus and valgus angle, internal and external rotation angle, anteroposterior displacement, superior and inferior displacement, and internal and external displacement) recorded by Opti_Knee three-dimensional knee joint motion measurement gait analysis system was observed. The anterior tibial translation difference (ATTD) was measured by Ligs knee measuring instrument when a forward thrust of 120 N was applied to the posterior part of the proximal tibia. Tegner score, IKDC score, KOOS score (including KOOS-Pain score, KOOS-Symptoms score, KOOS-Activities of daily living score, KOOS-Sport score, and KOOS-Quality of life score), HSS score, ACL-RSI score, jumping ability, balance ability, patients' satisfaction with the rehabilitation process, and ACL healing grading according to ACL continuity and signal intensity shown by MRI.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in various indicators between different time points after operation in the two groups ( P<0.05). At 3 months after operation, except that the ACL-RSI score of the applet group was significantly higher than that of the regular group ( P<0.05), there was no significant difference in the other indicators between the two groups ( P>0.05). At 6 months after operation, the ACL-RSI score, IKDC score, Tegner score, KOOS scores of different items, HSS score, balance and jumping ability of the applet group were significantly higher than those of the regular group ( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in the other indicators between the two groups ( P>0.05). At 9 months after operation, there was no significant difference in all indicators between the two groups ( P>0.05). At 12 months after operation, 27 cases (67.5%) in the applet group and 21 cases (52.5%) in the regular group returned to sport, with a significant difference of the return to sports incidence between the two groups [ RR(95% CI)=1.50 (1.00, 2.25), P=0.049]. In the applet group, 27 cases were very satisfied with the rehabilitation process, 10 cases were satisfied, 2 cases were basically satisfied, and 1 case was not satisfied, while 19, 13, 5, and 3 cases in the regular group, respectively. The satisfaction degree of the applet group was significantly better than that of the regular group ( P=0.049). MRI examination of the two groups showed that the ACL was continuous without secondary rupture or necrosis. The ACL healing grade of the applet group was 31 cases of grade 1 and 9 cases of grade 2, and that of the regular group was 28 cases of grade 1 and 12 cases of grade 2, there was no significant difference in ACL healing grade between the two groups ( P=0.449).@*CONCLUSION@#The application of return to sports WeChat applet in the rehabilitation of patients after ACL reconstruction can significantly reduce the fear of return to sports and improve the rate of return to sports. The return to sports WeChat applet is convenient to operate, with high utilization rate and high patient compliance, which significantly improves the satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Activities of Daily Living , Quality of Life , Return to Sport , Knee Joint/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
9.
Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences ; : 375-379, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997704

ABSTRACT

@#Microglial activity is crucial in maintaining the central nervous system (CNS) homeostasis. However, prolonged microglial activation have been implicated in the pathology of neurodegenerative diseases. Activated microglia will increase the production of inflammatory cytokines, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and alter their surface marker expression levels. This study used Malaysian honey, Tualang honey (TH), and Kelulut honey (KH) to determine lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated inflammatory responses of microglia. TH and KH at 0.1% were used in the current study as our findings showed no significant difference in the cell viability between BV2 cells treated with 0.1 % of TH and KH and control group. TH and KH reduced the ROS level significantly by 41.62±1.06% and 49.16±0.63%, respectively, and slightly reduced the expression of co-stimulatory molecules, CD40 and CD11b in LPS-activated BV2 cells. Our preliminary findings proposed an in-depth future study on the anti-inflammatory effect of TH and KH on microglial activation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 244-246, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994469

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze 141 cases clinically misdiagnosed as melanoma, and to improve the understanding and diagnosis of diseases.Methods:Totally, 141 cases preliminarily diagnosed as melanoma, which was finally excluded according to histopathological examination results, were collected from the pathological database of Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University from November 2001 to September 2019, and their clinical and histopathological data were analyzed retrospectively.Results:Among the 141 cases clinically misdiagnosed as melanoma, 64 were males and 77 were females. Their median age at the time of misdiagnosis was 51 years, and the average disease duration was 103.4 months. The patients mainly presented with patches and papules, most of which were black in color. Based on histopathological manifestations, 35 patients were diagnosed with pigmented nevi, 29 with basal cell carcinoma, 15 with seborrheic keratosis, 7 with Bowen′s disease, 6 with nail melanin spots, 5 with epidermal cysts, 4 with poroma, 4 with hemorrhage, 4 with dermatofibroma, and 23 with other skin diseases.Conclusions:In clinical practice, some diseases with characteristics of melanoma are liable to be misdiagnosed. It is necessary to grasp their clinical features and actively carry out auxiliary examinations such as dermoscopy and histopathological examinations to confirm the diagnosis and reduce the misdiagnosis rate.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 261-266, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993804

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the difference of clinical characteristics between senile Parkinson's disease(PD)with depression and unipolar depression.Methods:From March 2019 to March 2020, 53 patients with Parkinson's disease depression and 57 patients with unipolar depression who were admitted to the neurology department of Beijing Hospital were continuously collected.The gender, age and education level of the patients were recorded.The course of disease and other general data of the patients with Parkinson's disease were also recorded.Depression and anxiety of the patients were evaluated by Beck Depression Inventory(BDI)and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale(GAD-7). Quality of life of patients with Parkinson's disease was evaluated by 8-item Parkinson's disease questionnaire(PDQ-8). Differences in the assessment results and quality of life scores between the two groups were analyzed.Results:The incidence of depression comorbid with anxiety in elderly PD patients was 52.8%(28/53), lower than that in elderly unipolar depression patients comorbid with anxiety [84.2%(48/57)]( χ2=12.664, P<0.001). The scores of activity inhibition [(1.8±0.8)points]and hyposexuality [(0.4±1.0)points]in elderly PD patients with comorbid depression were higher than that in patients with unipolar depression [(1.1±0.8)points, (0.0±0.0)points]( t=4.399, 2.942, P<0.001, =0.005). Moreover, the incidence of activity inhibition(98.1%)and hyposexuality(15.1%)in PD patients with comorbid depression was higher than that in patients with unipolar depression(78.9%, 0.0%)( χ2=9.680, 9.279, both P=0.002). The scores of self-blame [(1.0±0.8)points]and pain [(1.0±0.8)points]in elderly patients with unipolar depression were higher than those in PD patients with comorbid depression [(0.5±0.7)points, (0.9±0.7)points]( t=-3.902, -2.486, P<0.001, =0.014). Moreover, the incidence of self-blame(66.7%), irritability(78.9%)and image distortion(56.1%)in elderly patients with unipolar depression was higher than that in PD patients(35.8%, 56.6%, 35.8%)( χ2=10.447, 6.320, 4.547, P=0.001, 0.012, 0.033). The scores of PDQ-8 in PD patients with comorbid depression and anxiety [14.8(10.8, 19.0)points]( Z=-3.544, P<0.001)were higher than those in PD patients with depression only [7.0(4.8, 11.0)points]. Conclusions:The focus of depression in elderly PD patients is different from that in elderly unipolar depression patients.Elderly patients with unipolar depression are more likely to be comorbid with anxiety.Depression reduces the quality of life in PD patients, and the comorbidity of anxiety further reduces the overall quality of life in PD patients with depression.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 348-352, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992965

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the sampling study design and radiography protocol of a large-sample investigation on skeletal maturation of 3 to 18-year-old children in China.Methods:Multi-stage stratified random sampling was employed in this study. Two provinces, municipalities, or autonomous regions were randomly selected from each of the seven regions of China, including Northeast China, Northwest China, North China, Central China, East China, Southwest China, and South China. Then one rural and one urban investigation site were randomly selected from each province, municipality, or autonomous region. In total 28 sites were included. Among those sites, four residential districts were randomly selected from each urban site, and four townships from each rural site. For each residential district or township, 1-4 kindergartens, primary schools, and middle schools were chosen. Random cluster sampling was used to extract 3-<6-year-old children in kindergartens, and 6-18-year-old children in primary schools and middle schools. The investigation on skeletal maturation was sampled proportionate to the sampling of the whole study. The estimated simple size was 780 for each site, and 21 840 for all 28 sites in total. There were six groups of 3-<6-year-old children classified at 0.5-year intervals, and 12 groups of 6-18-year-old children classified at 1-year intervals. Posteroanterior position radiography of the left hand and wrist was achieved for all subjects.Results:The study was performed from August 26, 2019 to October 16, 2021. In total, 20 444 children received posteroanterior position radiography of the left hand and wrist, including 10 196 males and 10 248 females, 9 711 urban and 10 733 rural, respectively. The 3-<6-year-old group included 1 611 (male 819, female 792) subjects, and the 6 to 18-year-old group included 18 833 (male 9 377, female 9 456) subjects.Conclusion:This nationwide investigation on skeletal maturation of 3 to 18-year-old children in seven regions of China was successfully preformed. The results of this study can provide an important reference for establishing the current evaluation criteria of bone age in Chinese children and adolescents.

13.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 254-257, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991738

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical advantages of absorbable barbed wires in laparoscopy combined with choledochoscopy treatment of gallbladder polyps.Methods:The clinical data of 103 patients with gallbladder polyps who received laparoscopy combined with choledochoscopy treatment in The First People's Hospital of Lianyungang from February 2016 to March 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Sixty-five patients in the observation group underwent gallbladder wall sutures with absorbable barbed wires, and thirty-eight patients in the control group underwent gallbladder wall sutures with common absorbable wires. The operative time, gallbladder wall suture time, intraoperative blood loss, average hospitalization time, and postoperative bile leakage were compared between the two groups.Results:There were no significant differences in intraoperative blood loss and average hospitalization time between the two groups ( P = 0.312, P = 0.114). In the observation group, gallbladder wall suture time and operative time were (5.58 ± 1.14) minutes and (60.71 ± 11.03) minutes, respectively, which were shorter than (6.32 ± 1.04) minutes and (68.24 ± 9.61) minutes in the control group ( t = 3.23, 3.50, P = 0.002, 0.001). No bile leakage occurred in the observation group and bile leakage occurred in four (10.5%) patients in the control group. There was a significant difference in bile leakage between the observation and control groups ( χ2 = 4.57, P = 0.032). Conclusion:Absorbable barbed wires for gallbladder wall sutures during operation in laparoscopy combined with choledochoscopy treatment of gallbladder polyps is safe and feasible. It can markedly shorten gallbladder wall suture time and operative time, decrease the incidence of bile leakage, and has a clinical advantage over common absorbable wires.

14.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 278-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990754

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical characteristics of neonatal gastric perforation (NGP) and risk factors of mortality.Methods:From January, 2015 to December, 2021, clinical manifestations of neonates diagnosed with NGP in the Department of Neonatology and Neonatal Surgical Intensive Care Unit of our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Neonates were assigned into the survival group and the death group according to their prognosis. Risk factors of mortality were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression method.Results:A total of 50 cases were enrolled, including 41 in the survival group and 9 in the death group. 38 cases were males, 34 were premature infants, 30 were low birth weight infants and 5 had history of asphyxia. The clinical manifestations included abdominal distension, tachypnea, cyanosis, poor response, fever, diminished bowel sound and redness of the abdominal wall. Abdominal X-ray indicated pneumoperitoneum. Laboratory abnormalities included leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia, elevated C-reactive protein and procalcitonin, decreased blood pH and increased lactic acid. 30 cases had perforation at the greater curvature of stomach. Perforation was larger than 3 cm in 40 cases and intestinal necrosis was identified in 14 cases. Some patients suffered from sepsis, respiratory failure, pulmonary hemorrhage, shock, coagulopathy and other related complications. The death group had significantly higher incidences of dyspnea, fever, elevated procalcitonin, blood pH<7.3, intestinal necrosis, time from onset of clinical manifestations to operation (Tm-o) >24 h and complications than the survival group ( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that pH<7.3 ( OR=9.755, 95% CI 1.363-69.800), Tm-o>24 h (OR=11.831, 95%CI 1.305-107.301), septic shock and sepsis ( OR=29.622, 95% CI 3.728-235.369) were risk factors of mortality. Conclusions:The main manifestations of NGP are abdominal distension and pneumoperitoneum. The risk factors of mortality in NGP are sepsis, blood pH<7.3 and Tm-o>24 h.

15.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 309-312, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986035

ABSTRACT

Diquat is a kind of conductive contact-killing herbicides. The damage of central nervous system is relatively common, but the peripheral neuropathy caused by diquat has not been reported yet. In September 2021, we treated a patient with diquat poisoning. During the hospitalization, the patient was diagnosed with peripheral neuropathy. Therapy for peripheral nerve injury was given on the basis of conventional treatment of poisoning. The patient was discharged after his condition was stable. The follow-up showed that the peripheral neuropathy of patient was better than before. According to the condition of this patient, it is suggested that we should not only protect the function of gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidney, and central nervous system early, but should also pay attention to the damage of peripheral nervous system in clinical work. We should intervene earlier to improve the prognosis of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diquat , Herbicides , Kidney , Liver , Peripheral Nerve Injuries , Poisoning
16.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 1-6, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984172

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the gross pathological data of sudden cardiac death (SCD) with different causes, to provide data support for the identification of sudden cardiac death with unknown causes.@*METHODS@#A total of 167 adult SCD cases in the archive of the Forensic Expertise Institute of Nanjing Medical University from 2010 to 2020 were collected. The gross pathological data of SCD cases were summarized and the characteristics of different causes of death were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of male to female SCD cases was 3.4∶1. Coronary heart disease was the leading cause of SCD, and mainly distributed in people over 40 years old. SCD caused by myocarditis was mainly distributed in young people and the mean age of death was (34.00±9.55) years. By analyzing the differences in cardiac pathological parameters of SCD with different causes, it was found that the aortic valve circumference was significantly dilated in the SCD caused by aortic aneurysm or dissection (P<0.05). The heart weight of SCD caused by aortic aneurysm or dissection and combined factors was greater, and both pulmonary and tricuspid valvular rings were dilated in the SCD caused by combined factors in adult males (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Various gross pathological measures of SCD with different causes are different, which has reference value in the cause of death identification of SCD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/pathology , Coronary Disease , Heart , Forensic Medicine , Autopsy
17.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 26-31, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965574

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract:Objective To predict the structure and function of sterol O⁃acyltransferase 1(SOAT1)related to hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)by using bioinformatics tools,in order to understand its mechanism as the marker and therapeutic target of S⁃Ⅲ subtype. Methods The structure,function and protein interaction of SOAT1 were predicted and analyzed by using databases or softwares such as NCBI,STRING,Protscale,SignalP,TMHMM,PSORT,SOPMA,SWISS ⁃ MODEL, NetNGlyc,NetOGlyc,Netphos and ProtParam. Results The protein encoded by SOAT1 was a hydrophobic protein with good stability,which was a nonclassical pathway protein with 8 transmembrane regions,mainly distributed among the cell membrane. SOAT1 was expressed in many tissues,while most of them in the adrenal gland,which showed multiple phosphorylation sites and was mainly involved in the synthesis and catabolism of cholesterol. Conclusion Bioinformatics analysis of structure and function of SOAT1 showed that SOAT1 lipid synthesis and catabolism pathways played an important role,and lipid expression was closely related to the development of cancer,indicating that the treatment of HCC may be achieved by regulating the expression of SOAT1 gene.

18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 462-465, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964249

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the accuracy of SRK/T, Haigis, Barrett Universal II and Wang-Koch modified SRK/T formula in the operation of cataract complicated by super-high myopia.METHODS: A total of 44 cases(52 eyes)with super-high myopia complicated with cataract who underwent phacoemulsification with tension ring implantation combined with intraocular lens implantation in our hospital from January 2020 to June 2021 were collected. SRK/T, Haigis, Barrett Universal Ⅱ formula and Wang-Koch modified SRK/T formula were used to calculate the postoperative reserved diopter before surgery, and the actual diopter was measured by comprehensive optometry at 3mo after surgery. The mean absolute refractive error(MAE)of four formulas was obtained to evaluate the accuracy of the calculation formula.RESULTS: The MAE of SRK/T formula, Haigis formula, Barrett Universal Ⅱ formula and Wang-Koch modified SRK/T formula were 0.86(0.56, 1.20), 0.79(0.56, 1.16), 0.68(0.30, 0.87), 0.65(0.43, 0.75)D, respectively, and MAE of SRK/T formula and Haigis formula were significantly higher than those of Barrett Universal Ⅱ formula and Wang-Koch modified SRK/T formula(P<0.01). According to preoperative corneal curvature(K), enrolled patients were divided into K >46D group(12 eyes), 44D< K ≤46D group(24 eyes), and K ≤44D group(16 eyes). The MAE of SRK/T formula and Haigis formula were significantly higher than those of Barrett Universal Ⅱ formula and Wang-Koch modified SRK/T formula in the three groups(P<0.01). According to preoperative axial length(AL), patients were divided into AL ≤30 mm group(24 eyes)and AL >30mm group(28 eyes). The MAE of SRK/T formula and Haigis formula in two groups were significantly higher than those of Barrett Universal Ⅱ formula and Wang-Koch modified SRK/T formula(P<0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Wang-Koch modified SRK/T formula and Barrett Universal Ⅱ formula are more accurate in predicting the degree of intraocular lens in patients with super-high myopia complicated with cataract.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1962-1975, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981416

ABSTRACT

In this study, an overview of systematic reviews/Meta-analysis(SR/MA) of Chinese herbal injections for sepsis was performed to provide references for clinical practice and promote the quality improvement of clinical evidence. Eight Chinese and English databases such as CNKI, Medline, and EMbase were electronically searched for SR/MA of Chinese herbal injections for sepsis from database inception to June 2022. AMSTAR 2, PRISMA 2020, and GRADE system, combined with Recommendations for Clinical Evidence Grading on Traditional Chinese Medicine Based on Evidence Body, were applied to evaluate the methodological quality, reporting quality, and evidence quality of the included articles. Twenty-seven articles of SR/MA were included, containing four Chinese herbal injections(Xuebijing Injection, Shenfu Injection, Shenmai Injection, and Shengmai Injection). AMSTAR 2 checklist showed that the methodological quality of the SR/MA ranged from moderate to very low. Item 2(prior study design) was the critical item with poor scores, and the non-critical items with poor scores were items 3(explain the selection of the study designs), items 10(report on the sources of funding), and items 16(conflicts of interest stated). In terms of PRISMA 2020, items in eight topics with complete reporting of missing>50%, including search strategy, certainty assessment, results of syntheses, certainty of evidence, registration and protocol, support, competing interests, availability of data, code and other materials. The included SR/MA involved 30 outcome indicators. Evidence quality of mortality, APACHE Ⅱ, and safety, the top three outcome indicators, was evaluated, and all of them were graded as the medium level. The lack of random allocation sequence, allocation concealment mechanism, blinding, and trial sample size was the main reason for the reduction of the evidence level. The available evidence shows that Chinese herbal injections can serve as an effective and safe adjunctive treatment for sepsis, which can reduce mortality, inhibit inflammation, improve coagulation function, and regulate immune function, tissue perfusion, and oxygenation in patients with sepsis. However, the quality of SR/MA was suboptimal, and more high-quality SR/MA is needed to provide evidence to support the efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal injections in the treatment of sepsis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Research Design , Sepsis/drug therapy
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1802-1811, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978653

ABSTRACT

In this study, a combination of metabolomics and network pharmacology was used to study the pharmacodynamic substances and mechanism of action of Yiyi Fuzi powder (YYFZ) on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) rats. The animal experiments were conducted in accordance with the requirements of the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (approval number: TCM-LAEC2021241). The metabolomic analysis using UPLC-Q-TOF/MS technique identified 22 metabolites, including arachidonic acid, tryptophan, linoleic acid, phenylalanine, as significant biomarkers for the treatment of RA with YYFZ, and they were significantly regressed after YYFZ treatment. The analysis of YYFZ blood components also revealed that 11 blood components, including hypaconitine, benzoylhypaconitine, and deoxyaconitine, may be the components that exert direct pharmacological effects in YYFZ in vivo, and further network pharmacological analysis of blood components obtained that YYFZ may exhibit anti-inflammatory effects through acting on PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, estrogen signaling pathway, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway. The results of this study provide implications for the clinical application of YYFZ.

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