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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 182-196, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929287

ABSTRACT

Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury (HIRI) is a serious complication that occurs following shock and/or liver surgery. Gut microbiota and their metabolites are key upstream modulators of development of liver injury. Herein, we investigated the potential contribution of gut microbes to HIRI. Ischemia/reperfusion surgery was performed to establish a murine model of HIRI. 16S rRNA gene sequencing and metabolomics were used for microbial analysis. Transcriptomics and proteomics analysis were employed to study the host cell responses. Our results establish HIRI was significantly increased when surgery occurred in the evening (ZT12, 20:00) when compared with the morning (ZT0, 08:00); however, antibiotic pretreatment reduced this diurnal variation. The abundance of a microbial metabolite 3,4-dihydroxyphenylpropionic acid was significantly higher in ZT0 when compared with ZT12 in the gut and this compound significantly protected mice against HIRI. Furthermore, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylpropionic acid suppressed the macrophage pro-inflammatory response in vivo and in vitro. This metabolite inhibits histone deacetylase activity by reducing its phosphorylation. Histone deacetylase inhibition suppressed macrophage pro-inflammatory activation and diminished the diurnal variation of HIRI. Our findings revealed a novel protective microbial metabolite against HIRI in mice. The potential underlying mechanism was at least in part, via 3,4-dihydroxyphenylpropionic acid-dependent immune regulation and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition in macrophages.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928299

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between serum vitamin D level and clinical outcomes after repair of rotator cuff tears.@*METHODS@#A total 122 patients who met the inclusion criteria and were followed up for 12 months from March 2018 to March 2020 were analyzed retrospectively, including 50 males and 72 females with an average age of(62.10±8.39) years old (ranged, 34 to 82 years old). All patients were divided into deficiency group(vitamin D<20 μg/L) and control group(vitamin D≥20 μg/L), including 62 cases in the deficiency group, with vitamin D (14.80±3.18) μg/L;60 cases in the control group, with vitamin D(25.17±5.64) μg/L. The two groups were compared in terms of age, gender, body mass index(BMI), tear size, degree of retraction, degree of fatty infiltration, injury factors, postoperative pain VAS score, postoperative shoulder joint function score, and re-tear rate. The age of all patients was divided into two categories:<60 years old and ≥60 years old;BMI was divided into <24 kg/m2 and ≥ 24 kg/m2;tear size was divided into ≤3 cm and >3 cm;retraction degree was divided into ≤2 cm and >2 cm;fat infiltration was divided into ≤2 grade and >2 grade;and the course of the disease was ≤3 months and >3 months. The correlation between Sugaya re-tear type and the variables listed above were analyzed and calculated.@*RESULTS@#There were no major complications such as joint infection, anchor withdrawal and revision surgery in any of the 122 patients who were followed up on. There were no statistical differences in age, gender, injury factor, BMI, tear size, degree of retraction, degree of fatty infiltration, and duration of disease between the two groups (P>0.05). The Constant-Murley scores, UCLA scores, and ASES scores of the two groups all improved considerably after surgery(P<0.05);however, there was no statistical differences in the postoperative shoulder function scores between the two groups (P>0.05). There was significant difference in VAS between the two groups 1 month and 3 months after operation, with vitamin D deficiency group scoring higher, and there was no significant differences 6 and 12 months after operation. Tear size(>3 cm), degree of retraction(>2 cm), degree of fatty infiltration(>2 degree) were all shown to be the independent risk factors for retear after surgery by Logistic regression analysis(P<0.05). The comparison between the two groups of patients using a 2×5 row list showed that the Sugaya classification of rotator cuff re-tear(grade Ⅰto Ⅴ) between the vitamin D deficiency group and the control group was statistically different(t=14.228, P=0.007). It was discovered that the Sugaya classification after surgery was statistically different between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Vitamin D deficiency is not correlated with clinical function scores and re-tear rate, however it is associated with the early postoperative pain (1 and 3 months) and the quality of rotator cuff healing (Sugaya classification) after surgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Vitamin D
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927629

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to examine the associations of daytime napping with incident risks of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and hypertension (HTN).@*METHODS@#Data for napping and CVD outcomes in 25 provinces were collected from baseline (2010) and three waves of follow-up (2012-2017) investigations of the China Family Panel Studies. Cox frailty models with random intercepts for the surveyed provinces were used to assess the longitudinal effects of daytime napping on CVD and HTN.@*RESULTS@#Compared with non-nappers, 30+ min nappers had higher risks of CVD and HTN, while no significant associations were observed among < 30 min nappers. Incident risks among 30- to < 60-min nappers increased by 22% [hazard ratio (HR) 1.22, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.08-1.39] for CVD and 21% (1.21, 1.04-1.41) for HTN, respectively, with corresponding HRs of CVD and HTN of 1.27 (1.09-1.47) and 1.38 (1.16-1.65) among ≥ 60 min nappers. Nap-associated CVD risks varied by subgroups, with stronger associations in participants with lower body mass index (< 24 kg/m 2), physically inactive persons, smokers, and participants with longer nighttime sleep (≥ 7 h/night). Significant effects of daytime napping were observed on rural and northern residents only, highlighting great regional variations in CVD risks associated with napping habits.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This cohort study revealed strong evidence that long daytime napping (≥ 30 min) is associated with an increased incidence of cardiovascular events.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Hypertension/etiology , Incidence , Longitudinal Studies , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Sleep/physiology , Time Factors
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922536

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Functional constipation (FC) is one of the most prevalent functional gastrointestinal disorders. Dissatisfaction with medications prescribed to treat FC may lead patients to seek alternative treatments. Numerous systematic reviews (SRs) examining the use of acupuncture to treat FC have reported inconsistent results, and the quality of these studies has not been fully evaluated.@*OBJECTIVE@#In this overview, we evaluated and summarized clinical evidence on the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for treating FC and evaluated the quality and bias of the SRs we reviewed.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#The search strategy was structured by medical subject headings and search terms such as "acupuncture therapy" and "functional constipation." Electronic searches were conducted in eight databases from their inception to September 2020.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#SRs that investigated the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for managing FC were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Two authors independently extracted information and appraised the methodology, reporting accuracy, quality of evidence, and risk of bias using the following critical appraisal tools: (1) A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR 2); (2) Risk of Bias in Systematic Reviews (ROBIS); (3) Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses for Acupuncture (PRISMA-A); and (4) the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE). A κ index was used to score the level of agreement between the 2 reviewers.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen SRs that examined the clinical utility of acupuncture for treating FC were identified. Using the AMSTAR 2 tool, we rated 92.3% (12/13) of the SRs as "critically low" confidence and one study as "low" confidence. Using the ROBIS criteria, 38.5% (5/13) of the SRs were considered to have "low risk" of bias. Based on PRISMA-A, 76.9% (10/13) of the SRs had over 70% compliance with reporting standards. The inter-rater agreement was good for AMSTAR 2, ROBIS, and PRISMA-A. Using the GRADE tool, we classified 22.5% (9/40) of the measured outcomes as "moderate" quality, 57.5% (23/40) as "low" quality, and 20.0% (8/40) as "very low" quality. The inter-rater agreement was moderate when using GRADE. Descriptive analyses indicated that acupuncture was more efficacious than sham acupuncture for improving weekly complete spontaneous bowel movements (CSBMs) and for raising the Bristol Stool Form Scale (BSFS) score. Acupuncture appeared to be superior to anti-constipation drugs for improving weekly spontaneous bowel movements, the total effective rate, and the Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life score. Although ten SRs mentioned the occurrence of adverse events, serious adverse events were not associated with acupuncture treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture may be more efficacious than sham acupuncture for improving CSBMs and BSFS scores and may be superior to anti-constipation drugs for improving bowel movement frequency, as well as quality of life. Limitations to current studies and inconsistent evidence suggest a need for more rigorous and methodologically sound SRs to draw definitive conclusions.@*SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO CRD42020189173.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Constipation/therapy , Humans , Quality of Life , Systematic Reviews as Topic
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890520

ABSTRACT

Background@#The occurrence of Graves’ disease and Hashimoto thyroiditis after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) raised concerns that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may trigger thyroid autoimmunity. We aimed to address the current uncertainties regarding incident thyroid dysfunction and autoimmunity among COVID-19 survivors. @*Methods@#We included consecutive adult COVID-19 patients without known thyroid disorders, who were admitted to Queen Mary Hospital from July 21 to September 21, 2020 and had serum levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone, free thyroxine, free triiodothyronine (fT3), and anti-thyroid antibodies measured both on admission and at 3 months. @*Results@#In total, 122 patients were included. Among 20 patients with abnormal thyroid function tests (TFTs) on admission (mostly low fT3), 15 recovered. Among 102 patients with initial normal TFTs, two had new-onset abnormalities that could represent different phases of thyroiditis. Among 104 patients whose anti-thyroid antibody titers were reassessed, we observed increases in anti-thyroid peroxidase (TPO) (P12 U, and four became anti-TPO-positive. Worse baseline clinical severity (P=0.018), elevated C-reactive protein during hospitalization (P=0.033), and higher baseline anti-TPO titer (P=0.005) were associated with a significant increase in anti-TPO titer. @*Conclusion@#Most patients with thyroid dysfunction on admission recovered during convalescence. Abnormal TFTs suggestive of thyroiditis occurred during convalescence, but infrequently. Importantly, our novel observation of an increase in anti-thyroid antibody titers post-COVID-19 warrants further follow-up for incident thyroid dysfunction among COVID-19 survivors.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890394

ABSTRACT

BackgroundSkeletal muscle is the largest tissue in the human body, and it plays a major role in exerting force and maintaining metabolism homeostasis. The role of muscle transcription factors in the regulation of metabolism is not fully understood. MondoA is a glucose-sensing transcription factor that is highly expressed in skeletal muscle. Previous studies suggest that MondoA can influence systemic metabolism homeostasis. However, the function of MondoA in the skeletal muscle remains unclear.MethodsWe generated muscle-specific MondoA knockout (MAKO) mice and analyzed the skeletal muscle morphology and glycogen content. Along with skeletal muscle from MAKO mice, C2C12 myocytes transfected with small interfering RNA against MondoA were also used to investigate the role and potential mechanism of MondoA in the development and glycogen metabolism of skeletal muscle.ResultsMAKO caused muscle fiber atrophy, reduced the proportion of type II fibers compared to type I fibers, and increased the muscle glycogen level. MondoA knockdown inhibited myoblast proliferation, migration, and differentiation by inhibiting the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)/phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway. Further mechanistic experiments revealed that the increased muscle glycogen in MAKO mice was caused by thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) downregulation, which led to upregulation of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), potentially increasing glucose uptake.ConclusionMondoA appears to mediate mouse myofiber development, and MondoA decreases the muscle glycogen level. The findings indicate the potential function of MondoA in skeletal muscle, linking the glucose-related transcription factor to myogenesis and skeletal myofiber glycogen metabolism.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2849-2853, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906874

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of dapagliflozin on metabolic markers, hepatic fat content, and autonomic nervous function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). Methods A total of 90 patients with T2DM and MAFLD who were admitted to The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2019 to October 2020 were enrolled and randomly divided into control group and dapagliflozin group, with 45 patients in each group. All patients were given conventional treatment before enrollment; the patients in the control group were treated with the original hypoglycemic regimen, and those in the dapagliflozin group were given dapagliflozin in addition to the treatment in the control group. The treatment cycle was 24 weeks. General information was collected before and after treatment, and the two groups were compared in terms of the changes in body mass index (BMI), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting blood glucose (FPG), blood lipids, serum uric acid (SUA), Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), liver function, liver fat content, and heart rate variability after treatment. The paired t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data within each group, and the independent samples t -test was used for comparison between groups; the Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data within each group, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison between groups. The Chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. Results A total of 43 patients in the dapagliflozin group and 40 patients in the control group completed the study. After 24 weeks of treatment, the dapagliflozin group had significant reductions in BMI, HbA1c, FBG, triglyceride (TG), SUA, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), HOMA-IR, and liver fat content ( t =8.781, 8.765, 8.813, 3.485, 6.199, 5.694, 3.428, 6.492, and 4.925, all P < 0.05) and significant increases in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, standard deviation of all normal R-R intervals (SDNN), standard deviation of average NN intervals (SDANN), root mean square of successive differences, percent of the number whose difference between adjacent NN interval are more than 50 ms (pNN50), high frequency (HF), and low frequency (LF) ( t =-2.055, -6.307, -7.696, -3.388, and -7.928, Z =-3.339 and -3.309, all P < 0.05), while the control group had significant reductions in HbA1c, FBG, and HOMA-IR ( t =9.220, 7.214, and 3.340, all P < 0.05). Compared with the control group after treatment, the dapagliflozin group had significantly lower levels of BMI, HbA1c, TG, SUA, HOMA-IR, ALT, AST, and liver fat content ( t =-4.055, -2.670, -2.056, -2.496, -3.976, -3.703, -2.123, and -5.184, all P < 0.05) and significantly higher levels of SDNN, SDANN, pNN50, LF, and HF ( t =4.136, 5.433, and 5.971, Z =-2.333 and -2.010, all P < 0.05). Conclusion For patients with T2DM and MAFLD, dapagliflozin can reduce BMI, HbA1c, TG, SUA, and liver fat content, improve insulin resistance and liver function, reduce the activity of sympathetic nerve, and regulate autonomic nerve function.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906463

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Jiechang Qingre pills for dampness-heat syndrome of large intestine at active stage of ulcerative colitis (UC) and investigate its effect on inflammatory factors. Method:One hundred and eight patients with active UC were divided into observation group and control group. Both groups were treated with Mesalazine enteric-coated tablets, 2 g/times, 2 times/day, for 2 weeks. If symptoms were poorly controlled, prednisone acetate tablets would be used instead, 0.75 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1 </sup>in 3 times by oral administration. Patients in the observation group took Jiechang Qingre pills, 10 g/time, 3 times/day before meals. Patients in the control group took Jiechang Qingre pills simulated drug, 10 g/time, 3 times/day before meals. The course of treatment was 12 weeks in both groups and the patients were followed up for 3 months. The modified Mayo score was used to evaluate disease activity. Before and after treatment, large intestine dampness-heat syndrome score, inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire (IBDQ), mucosal histology assessment and scores of major symptoms and intestinal mucosal lesion severity were graded. The incidence of non-reactivity, hormone failure, hormone dependence, and early recurrence were recorded 2 weeks after treatment. Tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α </italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>), interleukin-6(IL-6) and IL-17 levels were measured before and after treatment. Result:The clinical effective rate in the observation group was 94.00% (47/50), higher than 77.55% (38/49) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.514,<italic>P</italic><0.05). The clinical remission rate was 82.00%(41/50) in the observation group, higher than 61.22% (30/49) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.266,<italic>P</italic><0.05). The endoscopic response rate was 96.00% (48/50) in the observation group, higher than 79.59% (39/49) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=6.251,<italic>P</italic><0.05). The rate of mucosal healing in the observation group was 90.00% (45/50), higher than 79.59% (35/49) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.503,<italic>P</italic><0.05). The scores of diarrhea, purulent stool, abdominal pain, tenesmus, hyperemia, edema, erosion and ulcer in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The rate of non-reactivity in the observation group was 16.00% (8/50), lower than 34.69% (17/49) in the control group(<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.581,<italic>P</italic><0.05). The hormone failure rate in the observation group was 37.50%(3/8), lower than 64.71%(11/17)in the control group,but the difference was not statistically significant(tested by the exact probaility method). The hormone dependence rate in the observation group was 12.50%(1/8), lower than 23.53% (4/17) in the control group,but the difference was not statistically significant(tested by the exact probaility method). The early recurrence rate in the observation group was 14.00% (7/50), lower than 32.65%(16/49) in the control group(<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.827,<italic>P</italic><0.05). The scores of Mayo, dampness and heat syndrome and Geboes index in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the IBDQ scores were significantly higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The TNF-<italic>α, </italic>IL-6 and IL-17 levels of the patients in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Based on the routine treatment of western medicine, Jiechang Qingre pills treatment for the patients with active UC can effectively induce clinical remission, alleviate inflammatory reaction, promote intestinal mucosal healing, improve clinical symptoms, quality of life and the response of treatment. Its clinical efficacy and enteroscopy efficacy are better than western medicine treatment alone, so it is worthy of clinical use.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906153

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of rancidity during storage by researching the changes of water content, relative permeability of cell membrane and rancidity levels of Armeniacae Semen Amarum in deterioration process. Method:Armeniacae Semen Amarum samples under different storage conditions were evaluated and classified by sensory assessors, and samples with different levels of rancidity were obtained. Water content was measured by toluene method, and water activity was obtained by water activity meter. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and relative conductivity were measured using thiobarbituric acid colorimetry and conductivity meter, respectively. The content of fatty oil was obtained by Soxhlet extraction. The acid value and peroxide value were measured in accordance with the general rules 0713 and 2303 of the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> (part Ⅳ), respectively. Based on the above experimental data, chemometric methods (cluster analysis, principal component analysis) were selected to establish classification and discriminant models of Armeniacae Semen Amarum with different rancidity levels, in order to verify the accuracy of the classification results. Result:According to the results of sensory evaluation, Armeniacae Semen Amarum samples were divided into three classes, including no rancidity, slight rancidity and rancidity. Compared with the no rancid samples, the color of surface and cotyledon were deepened in rancid samples, and the oil was appeared on surface with rancid taste. The values of water content, water activity, MDA content and relative conductivity were all significantly increased in deterioration process (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The content of fatty oil was significantly decreased with the occurrence of rancidness (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the acid value and peroxide value increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The results of cluster analysis and principal component analysis showed that the rancid samples could be distinguished from the no rancid and slightly rancid samples. Conclusion:The storage conditions under high temperature and high humidity can accelerate the rancidness of Armeniacae Semen Amarum, which is accompanied by the increase of internal water content, the increase of cell membrane permeability and the occurrence of fatty acid rancidity. It is suggested that Armeniacae Semen Amarum should be stored in low temperature, dry environment, as well as short storage time.

10.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 417-425, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903231

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Empirical findings confirmed that autistic and schizotypal traits are associated with attentional function as well as include various dimensions. So far, no study has reported which dimension of these traits relates to attentional networks. This study aimed to find out whether there are associations between attentional networks and autistic traits; and between attentional networks and schizotypal traits. @*Methods@#A total of 449 volunteers was included in this study, and autism-spectrum quotient (AQ), schizotypal personality questionnaire (SPQ), and attention network test (ANT) were used to measure autistic traits and schizotypal traits. The three independent attentional networks, including alerting network, orienting network, and executive control network, were also measured. @*Results@#Autistic traits were associated with the orienting network, whereas schizotypal traits were associated with the orienting network and executive control network. Furthermore, attentional networks could be predicted by specific dimensions of autistic and schizotypal traits. AQ-attention switching [0.104 (-1.175– -0.025), p=0.041] and AQ-attention to detail [-0.097 (-0.798– -0.001), p=0.049] were significant predictors of orienting network and gender were significant predictor of executive network (Beta=0.107; 95% CI=-0.476–10.139; p=0.031). Whereas, schizotypal dimension “interpersonal” was a significant predictor of all three attentional networks [Alerting: 0.147 (-0.010–0.861), p=0.045; Orienting: 0.147 (0.018–0.733), p=0.040; Executive: 0.198 (0.215–1.309), p=0.006]. @*Conclusion@#This study demonstrated that autistic and schizotypal traits were associated with attentional networks. The specific dimensions of autistic and schizotypal traits could predict attentional networks. Nevertheless, the attentional networks predicted with these two traits were different.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898224

ABSTRACT

Background@#The occurrence of Graves’ disease and Hashimoto thyroiditis after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) raised concerns that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may trigger thyroid autoimmunity. We aimed to address the current uncertainties regarding incident thyroid dysfunction and autoimmunity among COVID-19 survivors. @*Methods@#We included consecutive adult COVID-19 patients without known thyroid disorders, who were admitted to Queen Mary Hospital from July 21 to September 21, 2020 and had serum levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone, free thyroxine, free triiodothyronine (fT3), and anti-thyroid antibodies measured both on admission and at 3 months. @*Results@#In total, 122 patients were included. Among 20 patients with abnormal thyroid function tests (TFTs) on admission (mostly low fT3), 15 recovered. Among 102 patients with initial normal TFTs, two had new-onset abnormalities that could represent different phases of thyroiditis. Among 104 patients whose anti-thyroid antibody titers were reassessed, we observed increases in anti-thyroid peroxidase (TPO) (P12 U, and four became anti-TPO-positive. Worse baseline clinical severity (P=0.018), elevated C-reactive protein during hospitalization (P=0.033), and higher baseline anti-TPO titer (P=0.005) were associated with a significant increase in anti-TPO titer. @*Conclusion@#Most patients with thyroid dysfunction on admission recovered during convalescence. Abnormal TFTs suggestive of thyroiditis occurred during convalescence, but infrequently. Importantly, our novel observation of an increase in anti-thyroid antibody titers post-COVID-19 warrants further follow-up for incident thyroid dysfunction among COVID-19 survivors.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898098

ABSTRACT

BackgroundSkeletal muscle is the largest tissue in the human body, and it plays a major role in exerting force and maintaining metabolism homeostasis. The role of muscle transcription factors in the regulation of metabolism is not fully understood. MondoA is a glucose-sensing transcription factor that is highly expressed in skeletal muscle. Previous studies suggest that MondoA can influence systemic metabolism homeostasis. However, the function of MondoA in the skeletal muscle remains unclear.MethodsWe generated muscle-specific MondoA knockout (MAKO) mice and analyzed the skeletal muscle morphology and glycogen content. Along with skeletal muscle from MAKO mice, C2C12 myocytes transfected with small interfering RNA against MondoA were also used to investigate the role and potential mechanism of MondoA in the development and glycogen metabolism of skeletal muscle.ResultsMAKO caused muscle fiber atrophy, reduced the proportion of type II fibers compared to type I fibers, and increased the muscle glycogen level. MondoA knockdown inhibited myoblast proliferation, migration, and differentiation by inhibiting the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)/phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway. Further mechanistic experiments revealed that the increased muscle glycogen in MAKO mice was caused by thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) downregulation, which led to upregulation of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), potentially increasing glucose uptake.ConclusionMondoA appears to mediate mouse myofiber development, and MondoA decreases the muscle glycogen level. The findings indicate the potential function of MondoA in skeletal muscle, linking the glucose-related transcription factor to myogenesis and skeletal myofiber glycogen metabolism.

13.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 417-425, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895527

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Empirical findings confirmed that autistic and schizotypal traits are associated with attentional function as well as include various dimensions. So far, no study has reported which dimension of these traits relates to attentional networks. This study aimed to find out whether there are associations between attentional networks and autistic traits; and between attentional networks and schizotypal traits. @*Methods@#A total of 449 volunteers was included in this study, and autism-spectrum quotient (AQ), schizotypal personality questionnaire (SPQ), and attention network test (ANT) were used to measure autistic traits and schizotypal traits. The three independent attentional networks, including alerting network, orienting network, and executive control network, were also measured. @*Results@#Autistic traits were associated with the orienting network, whereas schizotypal traits were associated with the orienting network and executive control network. Furthermore, attentional networks could be predicted by specific dimensions of autistic and schizotypal traits. AQ-attention switching [0.104 (-1.175– -0.025), p=0.041] and AQ-attention to detail [-0.097 (-0.798– -0.001), p=0.049] were significant predictors of orienting network and gender were significant predictor of executive network (Beta=0.107; 95% CI=-0.476–10.139; p=0.031). Whereas, schizotypal dimension “interpersonal” was a significant predictor of all three attentional networks [Alerting: 0.147 (-0.010–0.861), p=0.045; Orienting: 0.147 (0.018–0.733), p=0.040; Executive: 0.198 (0.215–1.309), p=0.006]. @*Conclusion@#This study demonstrated that autistic and schizotypal traits were associated with attentional networks. The specific dimensions of autistic and schizotypal traits could predict attentional networks. Nevertheless, the attentional networks predicted with these two traits were different.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921732

ABSTRACT

Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma is a Chinese herbal medicine that promotes blood circulation to remove blood stasis, nourishes blood to tranquilize the mind, and cools blood to disperse carbuncles. Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma has microcirculation-improving, blood vessel-dilating, atherosclerosis-preventing, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, and blood pressure-and blood lipid-lowering activities. As research progresses, the chemical composition, pharmacological effect, and clinical application of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma have attracted much attention. We reviewed the research progress in this field. Based on the concept of quality marker(Q-marker) in traditional Chinese medicine, the Q-markers of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma were predicted and analyzed from the aspects of quality transfer, traceability, ingredient specificity, association between ingredients and pharmacological effects, ingredient predictability, and compounding environment. This review provides a scientific basis for the quality control of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and its preparations.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Rhizome , Salvia miltiorrhiza
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921715

ABSTRACT

This study adopted ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-QTOF-MS)-based untargeted metabolomic approaches for exploring the changes in endogenous metabolites of rat serum related to property differences between ginseng and American ginseng. Then the action mechanisms of them with warm and cool properties and the effects of processing on their property changes were investigated. Based on principal component analysis(PCA), the differences in metabolite profiles between ginseng, red ginseng, American ginseng, and red American ginseng were compared. After that, 16 potential differential endogenous biomarkers were identified by orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) and online database searching. And the related metabolic pathways were systematically analyzed. By comparing content variations of these 16 potential differential endogenous biomarkers, we have found that 10 potential differential biomarkers were responsible for the warm property of ginseng and red ginseng, and 9 were related to the cool property of American ginseng and red American ginseng. As demonstrated by in-depth analysis of related metabolic pathways of differential biomarkers, ginseng and American ginseng mainly played a role in regulating the energy metabolism of amino acid, glycolysis, and fatty acids, during which they exhibited differences in property. The comparison of content variations of these differential endogenous between groups revealed that the energy metabolism of red ginseng group was stronger than that of ginseng group, consistent with the traditional processing theory that the warming and tonifying effects of ginseng could be enhanced after processing. The property of red American ginseng was similar to that of American ginseng, both cool in property, but American ginseng was cooler than red American ginseng. It can be seen that non-targeted metabolomic approaches can be utilized to study mechanisms underlying property differences of Chinese medicines and the effects of processing on their property changes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Mass Spectrometry , Metabolomics , Panax , Rats
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912190

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the risks and benefits of endoscopic ligation and tissue adhesive injection for tortuous gastric varices.Methods:A total of 193 patients with esophagogastric varices, who underwent endoscopic variceal ligation or endoscopic tissue adhesive injection in Department of Gastroenterology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from June 2015 to June 2020, were included in the retrospective analysis. These cases were connected vessels (type Le and gf based on LDRf standard) of tortuous gastric varices (F1 in Hashizume standard). According to the treatment, the patients were divided into three groups: gastric fundus and esophageal ligation group (endoscopic ligation of gastric fundus and esophageal varices, 32 cases), tissue adhesive group (endoscopic tissue adhesive injection of gastric varices, endoscopic ligation of esophageal varices, 71 cases) and esophageal ligation group (endoscopic ligation of esophageal varices, 90 cases). The re-bleeding rate, the effectiveness rate, the significant effectiveness rate and complications of the three groups were compared.Results:The rates of re-bleeding in gastric fundus and esophageal ligation group, tissue adhesive group and esophageal ligation group were 18.75% (6/32), 12.68% (9/71) and 3.33% (3/90), respectively.There was significant difference only between gastric fundus and esophageal ligation group and esophageal ligation group ( χ2=6.110, P<0.016). The effectiveness rates of the three groups were all 100.00%. The significant effectiveness rates in gastric fundus and esophageal ligation group, tissue adhesive group and esophageal ligation group were 37.50% (12/32), 25.35% (18/71) and 14.44% (13/90), respectively. There was significant difference only between gastric fundus and esophageal ligation group and esophageal ligation group ( χ2=7.702, P<0.016). No pulmonary infection, hepatic encephalopathy, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis or perforation occurred in the three groups.The incidences of chest pain or abdominal pain in gastric fundus and esophageal ligation group, tissue adhesive group and esophageal ligation group were 18.75% (6/32), 11.27% (8/71) and 2.22% (2/90), respectively.There was significant difference only between gastric fundus and esophageal ligation group and esophageal ligation group ( χ2=10.524, P<0.016). There was no significant difference in the incidence of fever, nausea or vomiting among the three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Simultaneous endoscopic ligation of gastric fundus and esophageal varices, and endoscopic tissue adhesive injection of gastric varices combined with endoscopic ligation of esophageal varices is of no benefit for patients with tortuous gastric varices, but endoscopic ligation of esophageal varices alone may yield more benefit.

17.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1155-1161, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911850

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and influencing factors of pain symptoms in patients with idiopathic Parkinson′s disease.Methods:The King′s Parkinson′s Disease Pain Scale (KPPS) was used to evaluate pain of 106 patients with Parkinson′s disease. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Fatigue Scale-14 (FS-14), the Unified Parkinson′s Disease Rating Scale Ⅲ, Hoehn-Yahr scale (H-Y), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) were used to assess the sleep status of patients, the degree of fatigue, motor function, severity of symptoms, cognitive function, anxiety and depression. Fifty-eight patients were followed up for three to six months.Results:The incidence of pain in Parkinson′s disease patients was 50.0% (53/106), of which skeletal muscle pain was the most common. Parkinson′s disease patients with a longer course of disease were more likely to have pain [course of disease in Parkinson′s disease with pain was 3.0 (1.5, 5.0) years, in Parkinson′s disease without pain was 2.0 (1.5, 2.5) years, Z=-2.0, P=0.046]. Male patients had more severe pain than female patients [KPPS scores in males were 14.5 (8.0, 21.5), in females were 10.0(4.0, 15.3), Z=-2.81, P=0.005]. In the first evaluation, the H-Y grading and the FS-14 scores of Parkinson′s disease patients with pain were significantly higher than those without pain [H-Y grading in Parkinson′s disease patients with pain was 2.0 (1.5, 2.5), in Parkinson′s disease patients without pain was 2.0 (1.5, 2.0), Z=-2.02, P=0.043; FS-14 scores in patients with pain were 10.0 (8.0, 11.0), in patients without pain was 8.0 (5.0, 10.0), Z=-3.32, P=0.001]. The KPPS scores were positively correlated with the scores of HAMA and HAMD ( r=0.39, P=0.005; r=0.38, P=0.007). Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that Parkinson′s disease patients with higher scores of FS-14 had an increased risk of developing pain ( OR=1.27, 95% CI: 1.09-1.48, P=0.002). The changes of KPPS scores were associated with the changes of PSQI and FS-14 scores ( r=0.54, P=0.002; r=0.50, P=0.003). The decrease of KPPS scores was only positively correlated with the decrease of FS-14 scores when the drug and medication status remained unchanged ( r=0.421, P=0.045). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the decrease of FS-14 scores was associated with the decrease of the KPPS scores ( OR=2.02, P=0.033). Conclusions:Parkinson′s disease patients have a high incidence of pain, and fatigue is a factor for predicting the occurrence and outcome of pain in Parkinson′s disease. The severity and change of pain in Parkinson′s disease patients are related to anxiety, depression, sleep and fatigue, suggesting that there may be a common pathogenesis of pain, emotion, sleep and fatigue in Parkinson′s disease patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911696

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of reduced left lateral segment graft during pediatric living donor liver transplantation.Methods:From January 2014 to December 2019, 67 children aged under 1 year underwent living donor liver transplantation with reduced left lateral segment graft (RLLS group). Clinical data were analyzed retrospectively and compared with those of left lateral segmentgraft living donor liver transplantation (LLS group). The differences in basic profiles, postoperative complications and postoperative patient/graft survival rate were compared.They were divided into two groups according to whether graft/recipient weight ratio (GRWR) was more than 4%.And major postoperative complications and graft/recipient survival rates were compared.Results:Age, height and weight of recipients were significantly lower in RLLS group than those in control group ( P<0.05). However, donor weight, donor body mass index (BMI), estimated graft volume and proportion of fatty liver from donor were significantly higher than those in control group ( P<0.05). Operative duration, intraoperative blood loss and erythrocyte transfusion were significantly higher than those in control group ( P<0.05). No significant inter-group differences existed in average postoperative hospital stay, intensive care unit (ICU) stay duration or postoperative ventilator use time ( P>0.05); no significant inter-group difference existed in the incidence of such major surgical complications as hepatic artery thrombosis, portal vein stenosis and bile duct complications ( P>0.05). The 1/3-year cumulative survival rates of postoperative patients and grafts were 92.5%, 91.2% and 92.5%, 91.2% in RLLS group and 96.3%, 95.3% and 95.9%, 95.1% in LLS group respectively.There was no significant inter-group difference ( P<0.05). The rate of postoperative hepatic vein stenosis was significantly higher in GRWR>4% group than that in control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Due to a rapid progress of technology, living donor liver transplantation has achieved satisfactory outcomes in children with reduced left lateral segment graft.Whether or not performing reduction surgery should be judged comprehensively according to the matching of donors and recipients and blood flow of liver during operations.And GRWR>4% is not an implementation criterion.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911686

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the incidence of lymphatic leakage after pediatric liver transplantation and explore the diagnosis and treatment of lymphatic leakage.Methods:From January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2019, clinical data were analyzed retrospectively for 805 pediatric liver transplant recipients. Based upon the diagnosis of lymphatic leakage, they were divided into two groups of lymphatic leakage ( n=271) and lymphatic non-leakage ( n=534). Analyzing the incidence of lymphatic leakage after liver transplantation in children, evaluating the treatment plan, comparing survival rate and the incidence of postoperative complications between two groups. Results:The incidence of lymphatic leakage was 33.7%(271/805); the proportion of partial liver donors was 14.8% in lymphatic leakage group and 25.8% in lymphatic non-leakage group ( P<0.001). Other basic profiles of two groups were not statistically different. The median follow-up period was 32 months in lymphatic leakage group and 30.6 months in lymphatic non-leakage group. No significant inter-group difference existed in cumulative survival rate, vascular complications, bile leakage, acute cell rejection or intestinal obstruction. The area-under-curve (AUC) of ascites to serum triglyceride (TG) ratio for predicting lymphatic leakage was 0.741, optimal cut-off value 0.54, sensitivity 59.2% and specificity 80.1%. Conclusions:Lymphatic leakage is a common complication after liver transplantation in children. With no significant correlation with the morbidity or mortality, it prolongs postoperative hospital stay. The ratio of ascites to serum TG may be utilized as an effective reference index for diagnosing lymphatic leakage. And lymphatic leakage can be improved by taking a low-fat diet.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911682

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of de novo non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD)in pediatric recipients in early stage post liver transplantation(LT)to enhance our understanding of this rare complication.Methods:The clinical data of 8 recipients who underwent liver transplantation in the children's organ transplantation Department of Tianjin first central hospital from January 2014 to December 2019 and developed NAFLD within 3 months after operation were retrospectively analyzed. Taking liver biopsy as the standard for the diagnosis of NAFLD, the clinical and histological characteristics of early NAFLD after transplantation were summarized and analyzed.The median time from LT to NAFLD was 1.55(0.63, 2.93)months and the median follow-up period 23.60(8.74, 32.58)months.Results:NAFLD was all pathologically confirmed by liver biopsy. Seven cases had abnormal liver function and 1 case of steatosis was detected by ultrasound pre-biopsy. There were acute cellular rejection(2 cases)and drug-induced graft injury(1 case). The median period of recovery for graft function was 32.0(12.0, 34.0)days. Macrovesicular graft steatosis predominated.Conclusions:Occurring earlier in children after LT, NAFLD is frequently accompanied by abnormal graft function. Liver biopsy is required for making a definite diagnosis. Abnormal graft function persists a long time. However, prognosis is generally decent.

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