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1.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 295-298,C1, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989450

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is a kind of mesenchymal tumor, most commonly found in the stomach, with unique immunophenotype and molecular genetic characteristics. Gastric GIST mostly originates from the musculi propria of the stomach wall. It often grows expansively with clear boundaries and is relatively easy to separate. Surgery is still the preferred treatment for gastric GIST. With the rapid development of laparoscopic technique, laparoscopic surgical treatment for gastric GIST has been gradually recognized. However, it still remains unclear whether laparoscopic surgery can be applied in gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors located in unfavorable sites. Here, this paper will combine author center′s exploration and clinical application on laparoscopic surgery for gastric GIST located in unfavorable sites and make a brief summary in order to choose a better way for treatment of gastric GIST located in unfavorable sites.

2.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E135-E141, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987926

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of different coating methods on production quality of complex and flexible silicone vascular replicas. Methods Based on models of anterior communicating artery aneurysms, several patient-specific models were made by using spray-coating method and brush-spin-coating method respectively, and two methods for making the same vascular structure were quantitatively compared in terms of thickness growth, circumferential uniformity and light transmittance. Results Brush-spin-coating method was better than spray-coating method in the thickness control and coating uniformity for fabrication of vessels with large curvature, variable diameter and straight tube, and the model had preferably light transmittance and surface smoothness. The relative deviation of thickness by brush-spin-coating method was decreased by 8. 9% , 10. 8% and 16. 9% respectively compared with spray-coating method. Conclusions At present stage, the brush-spin coating method has the advantage of thickness uniformity and light transmittance over the spray-coating method in making silicone phantoms, and it has promising application prospects in fluid mechanics field of in vitro experiment on large vessels.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015613

ABSTRACT

Driven by initiatives of constructing the Four New Disciplines (new engineering, new medical sciences, new agriculture and new liberal arts) for higher education, Biochemistry teaching with ideological and political concerns is critical to the education achievements. Over the past 6 years, FMMU has carried out trials and practices on TCA model in Biochemistry teaching which can serve as a shared formula. TCA is originally an abbreviation for “tricarboxylic acid” cycle, and herein it stands for thinking and teamwork (T), critique (C) and appreciation (A), which hopefully could provide students with moral norms for cognition, science and life. Accordingly, a strategy is proposed to help systematically implement this “TCA” model, which highlights the notion of “3-integration for teaching”, “3-thinking for learning” and 3-step for setting”. Such “TCA”-based ideological and political model is adaptable to various universities in designing advanced teaching activities. In the case of FMMU, we created a “TCA pigeon” ideological and political pattern, with “pigeon” signifying medicine, the Air Force and peace, showing the distinctive features of a military medical university. Meanwhile, we have designed three advanced teaching activities. Specifically, “the magic biochemical-circle”, a shared learning platform that develops thinking abilities with a focus on autonomous learning and personal demonstration; “inter-guidance by basic and clinical teachers”, a heuristic large class that elicits critical thinking on basis of feedback, discussion and iteration; a task-driven “virtual reality (VR) program” enables students to deal with complicated situation and to undertake troubleshooting. The above “TCA pigeon” pattern has shown a generally favorable result among students in developing their skills such as holistic thinking, deep learning, introspecting and self-improvement. Yet, a few problems still occurred in practice and remained to be resolved.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960359

ABSTRACT

@# Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe infectious disease caused by Ebola virus in humans and primates. The main clinical features are fever and bleeding. The disease was first identified in Zaire and Sudan in Africa in 1976. Since then, it has caused many large-scale epidemics in Africa. One of the largest and most complex Ebola outbreaks in history was the 2014-2016 outbreak in West Africa, which caused more cases and deaths than all previous outbreaks combined. As of 2022, about 35 000 EVD cases and 15 000 deaths have been reported. During the African pandemic, EVD also spread to other regions outside the African continent, such as the Americas and Europe, and became a public health issue of worldwide concern. In Africa, the re-emergence of the disease in Uganda and the Republic of Congo in 2022 has attracted much attention from the world. This article systematically summarizes the history, epidemiological distribution, route of infection, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of Ebola virus disease, so as to provide reference for relevant workers in China.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936213

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aims to investigate the sleep quality of pregnant women in Xuhui District, Shanghai, and the related factors of sleep disturbances during pregnancy. Methods: From February 2019 to February 2021, we used online integrated sleep questionnaire (including PSQI, BQ, ESS, AIS) in Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, The International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospitals of China Welfare Institution, and Shanghai Eighth People's Hospital, to investigate the sleep quality across pregnancy. We also collected maternal physical examination results, childbearing history, sociodemographic, and other clinical data. The prevalences and related factors of various sleep disturbances in pregnant women were analyzed, including insufficient/excessive nighttime sleep, low sleep efficiency, difficulty falling asleep, poor sleep quality, insomnia, daytime sleepiness, and high risk of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Results: This study includes 1 898 cases in the first trimester (T1), 3 099 cases in the second trimester (T2), and 1 539 cases in the third trimester (T3). Poor sleep quality (38.6%), daytime sleepiness (mild 41.9%, moderate 17.7%, severe 2.1%), and suspicious insomnia (32.3%) are most prevalent among women in T1 (P<0.01). In comparison, short sleep time (2.7%), long sleep time (8.6%), difficulty falling asleep (12.2%), poor sleep efficiency (35.4%), very poor sleep quality (6.7%), clinical insomnia (21.8%), and high-risk SDB (6.4%) are most prevalent among women in T3 (P<0.05). During pregnancy, late gestation (OR=1.016, 95%CI: 1.006-1.025) and multiple induced/drug abortions (OR=1.329, 95%CI: 1.043-1.692) are risk factors for poor sleep quality (PSQI>5), while multiple full-term deliveries (OR=0.800, 95%CI: 0.675-0.949) is its protective factor. Advanced maternal age (OR=0.976, 95%CI: 0.956-0.997), multiple full-term deliveries (OR=0.808, 95%CI: 0.680-0.959), late gestation (OR=0.983, 95%CI: 0.974-0.992) and hypertension (OR=0.572, 95%CI: 0.401-0.814) are protective factors for daytime sleepiness (ESS>6). The high-risk pregnancy category (OR=9.312, 95%CI: 1.156-74.978) is a risk factor for insomnia (AIS≥4), while multiple full-term deliveries (OR=0.815, 95%CI: 0.691-0.961) is its protective factor. High BMI (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.270-1.402) and hypertension (OR=4.427, 95%CI: 2.539-7.719) are risk factors for high-risk SDB in pregnant women. Conclusions: The prevalences of various sleep disturbances are high throughout pregnancy. Noticeably, symptoms of maternal SDB develop along with pregnancy. Different types of sleep disturbances are associated with different factors. Women of high-risk pregnancy category, in late gestation, with high BMI, hypertension, a history of induced/drug abortion, or without a history of full-term delivery can be at high risk of sleep disturbances during pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Pregnant Women , Sleep , Sleep Quality
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 609-620, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881159

ABSTRACT

The Hedgehog (HH) signaling pathway plays important roles in gastrointestinal carcinogenesis and the gastrointestinal tumor microenvironment (TME). Aberrant HH signaling activation may accelerate the growth of gastrointestinal tumors and lead to tumor immune tolerance and drug resistance. The interaction between HH signaling and the TME is intimately involved in these processes, for example, tumor growth, tumor immune tolerance, inflammation, and drug resistance. Evidence indicates that inflammatory factors in the TME, such as interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interferon-

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921073

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Surgical resection of the primary and metastatic tumour is increasingly recommended in suitable patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). While the role of metastasectomy is well studied and established in colorectal liver metastasis, evidence remains limited in pulmonary metastases. This systematic review was conducted to examine the current evidence on the role of lung metastasectomy (LUM) in CRC.@*METHODS@#Three databases were systematically searched, to identify studies that compared survival outcomes of LUM, and factors that affected decision for LUM.@*RESULTS@#From a total of 5,477 records, 6 studies were eventually identified. Two papers reported findings from one randomised controlled trial and 4 were retrospective reviews. There was no clear survival benefit in patients who underwent LUM compared to those who did not. When compared against patients who underwent liver metastasectomy, there was also no clear survival benefit. Patients who underwent LUM were also more likely to have a single pulmonary tumour, and metachronous disease.@*CONCLUSION@#The evidence suggests a role for LUM, but is limited by inherent selection bias in retrospective reviews, and the single randomised clinical trial performed was not completed. More prospective studies are required to understand the true effect of LUM on outcomes in metastatic CRC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Metastasectomy , Pneumonectomy , Prognosis , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942611

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prevalence and associated risk factors of metabolic syndrome (MS) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods: From July 2007 to June 2017, a total of 8 155 adult subjects, including 6 484 males and 1 671 females, aged 18-90 (43.13±12.28), body mass index 14.61~59.56 (25.59±3.98) kg/m2,who were admitted to the Department of Otorhinolaryngology head and Neck surgery of The Sixth People's Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent polysomnography and biochemical tests. Subjects were divided into four groups (non-OSA, mild OSA, moderate OSA, and severe OSA) according to OSA severity. The prevalence of MS was expressed as percentage, and the correlation between OSA and MS and its characteristic pathophysiological indicators was evaluated by logistic regression model after adjusting for factors such as gender, age, BMI, neck circumference, hip circumference, smoking and alcohol consumption, and was expressed by odds ratio (OR). SPSS 25.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The overall prevalence of MS was 43.6%, and that of non-/mild/moderate/severe OSA group was 18.6%, 30.4%, 43.8%, 57.1%.Logistic regression showed that patients with mild/moderate/severe OSA had an increased risk of MS compared with non-OSA patients, with adjusted OR values and confidence intervals of 1.27 (1.05-1.54), 1.84 (1.53-2.22), and 2.08 (1.76-2.46), respectively (P<0.01).In addition, indicators of OSA anoxic burden [oxygen drop index(Toxygen=7.1), minimum blood oxygen(Tminimum=56.3), blood oxygen saturation below 90% cumulative time ratio (TCT90=10.6) ]were closely associated with MS disease(P<0.01), but sleep fragmentation index (arousals index) was not significantly associated with MS disease. Conclusion: The risk of MS gradually increases with the severity of OSA, and the indicators reflecting OSA hypoxia burden are closely related to MS disease.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , China , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Oxygen Saturation , Retrospective Studies , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942609

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the therapeutic efficacy of Han-uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (HUPPP) combined with radiofrequency ablation of tongue base or HUPPP with traction of tongue base on moderate to severe patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Methods: This is a multicenter randomized controlled trial. From March 2017 to July 2019, moderate to severe OSAHS patients from three clinical center in Shanghai who were intolerant to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and with velopharyngeal and glossopharyngeal plane obstruction were enrolled in this study. According to the surgical type, they were 1∶1 randomized to HUPPP plus radiofrequency ablation of tongue base group (Ablation group) or HUPPP plus traction of tongue base group (Traction group). All patients completed over-night standard Polysomnography (PSG), upper-airway assessment (Friedman classification, Müller test, CT and cephalometric examination), preoperative routine examination, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and Quebec sleep questionnaire (QSQ). Six to 12 months after operation, all the above-mentioned examinations were repeatedly performed. Changes of aforementioned variables before and after operation were assessed. Results: A total of 43 patients with moderate to severe OSAHS were enrolled in this study. One patient lost to follow-up, the remaining 21 were allocated to Ablation group and 21 were allocated to Traction group. The total therapeutic efficacy of all patients was 69.05% (61.90% in Ablation group and 76.19% in Traction group), but there was no statistical significance between the two groups (P= 0.317). The value of sleep scale score (ESS and QSQ), objective sleep variables (apnea-hypopnea index, oxygen saturation, percentage of time with blood oxygen less than 90% in total sleep time, oxygen desaturation index and micro-arousals) and upper airway cross-sectional area (palatopharyngeal and retrolingual area) of the two groups were improved (P<0.05), but the differences between the two groups were not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: For moderate to severe OSAHS who had glossopharyngeal plane obstruction, both HUPPP plus radiofrequency ablation of tongue base or HUPPP plus traction of tongue base are effective treatment for OSAHS, and the curative effect is similar. The choice of surgical type could be selected according to patient's or surgical conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Oxygen Saturation , Radiofrequency Ablation , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/surgery , Tongue/surgery , Traction
10.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 97-105, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799482

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the excellent methods for aesthetic repair of the donor sites of flaps.@*Methods@#From January 2013 to March 2018, 120 patients (94 males and 26 females, aged from 3 to 60 years) were admitted to the Department of Burns of Beijing Jishuitan Hospital. Wounds areas after debridement or removing scar were ranged from 8.0 cm×3.5 cm to 24.0 cm×18.0 cm. Twenty patients with facial and neck scar were repaired with expanded flaps, including 4 scalp flaps, 8 supraclavicular flaps, 4 deltoid flaps, and 4 trapezius myocutaneous flaps. The flaps in ideal donor sites were selected to repair the wounds in 40 patients, including 20 cases of hand wounds or scars repaired with inguinal flaps, 10 children of foot skin defects or scars repaired with cross inguinal skin flap, 10 cases of knee joint wounds repaired with medial or lateral thigh flaps. The optimal flap design was used to repair wounds in 50 patients. Among the patients, wounds of 36 patients were repaired with relaying flaps, including donor sites of free anterolateral thigh flaps of 8 patients repaired with anteromedial thigh perforator flaps and donor sites of free anterolateral thigh flaps of 8 patients repaired with ilioinguinal flaps or superficial abdominal artery flaps, and donor sites of flaps of 20 patients repaired with peroneal perforator relaying flaps. Besides, wounds of 9 patients were repaired with free lobulated anterolateral thigh flaps, and wounds of 5 patients were repaired with modified V-Y propelling latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flaps. The donor sites of flaps were repaired with allogenic acellular dermal matrix combined with autologous split-thickness skin grafts in 10 cases. The areas of the flaps or myocutaneous flaps were ranged from 6.0 cm×4.0 cm to 30.0 cm×20.0 cm. The survival of flap, myocutaneous flap, or skin graft and the repair of donor site after operation and during follow-up were observed.@*Results@#Blood flow obstacle at 0.5 cm to the distal margin of the flap occurred in 1 patient repaired with expanded flap, which were healed after dressing change. Blood supply disorder occurred at the tip of the anteromedial thigh perforator flap of 1 patient repaired by optimal flap design, which were healed completely after second debridement and restitching. The other flaps or myocutaneous flaps survived well. The allogenic acellular dermal matrix and the autologous split-thickness skin graft survived with good color and texture. During follow-up of 3 months to 4 years, the donor sites of flaps had good appearance, only with linear scar and the function recovered well. The donor sites of skin grafts had no scar hyperplasia, only with scattered pigmentation.@*Conclusions@#According to the characteristics of donor sites of flaps, individualized and reasonable design before the operation such as pre-expanding of the flaps, selecting the ideal donor sites, optimization of the flap design or allogenic acellular dermal matrix combined with autologous split-thickness skin graft to repair donor sites of flaps can minimize the damage for function and appearance of donor sites of flaps and achieve aesthetic effects of donor sites of flaps.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816414

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the risk factors of early gastric cancer with lymph node metastasis.METHODS:Clinicopathological data of 220 early gastric cancer cases admitted at Changhai Hospital of Navy Military Medical University from January 2015 to November 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The statistical analysis was conducted to evaluate gender, age, BMI, personal history, family history, tumor location, pathological features.RESULTS:The difference of lymph node metastasis between male and female(10%vs.22%,χ2=5.469,P=0.019),patients with tumor diameter <2 cm and ≥2 cm(7%vs.21%,χ2=8.375,P=0.004),patients with mucous invasionand submucous invasion(5%vs.28%,χ2=21.455,P<0.001),patients with ulceredand without ulcer(20%vs.10%,χ2=4.151,P=0.042),among patients with differentiated histology(11%, 27%, 12%respectivly,χ2=6.143,P=0.046)were statistically significant. Univariate analysis showed a positive relationship between depth of tumor invasion(OR=0.115,P<0.05)and lymph node metastasis in early gastric cancer.CONCLUSION:Female, tumor diameter≥2 cm, in submucous invasion and mixed histology may be risk factors for lymph node metastasis in early gastric cancer,which need further analysis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781712

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the value of serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) combined with direct bilirubin (DB) in the diagnosis of biliary atresia.@*METHODS@#A total of 667 infants with cholestasis who were hospitalized and treated from July 2010 to December 2018 were enrolled as subjects. According to the results of intraoperative cholangiography and follow-up, they were divided into biliary atresia group with 234 infants and cholestasis group with 433 infants. The two groups were compared in terms of age of onset, sex, and serum levels of total bilirubin (TB), DB, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bile acid (TBA), and GGT. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed for indices with statistical significance, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) and the optimal cut-off value for diagnosis were calculated.@*RESULTS@#The biliary atresia group had a significantly younger age of onset than the cholestasis group (P0.05), while the biliary atresia group had significantly higher serum levels of TB, DB, TBA, and GGT than the cholestasis group (P<0.05). GGT combined with DB had the highest AUC of 0.892 (95% confidence interval: 0.868-0.916) in the diagnosis of biliary atresia. At the optimal cut-off values of 324.0 U/L for GGT and 115.1 μmmol/L for DB, GGT combined with DB had a sensitivity of 79.8% and a specificity of 83.2% in the diagnosis of biliary atresia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#GGT combined with DB has high sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of biliary atresia and can be used as an effective indicator for diagnosis of biliary atresia in infants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Alanine Transaminase , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Biliary Atresia , Diagnosis , Bilirubin , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Blood
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797722

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate hepatectomy by anterior approach combined with liver hanging maneuver against conventional right hepatectomy in patients with large hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).@*Methods@#Of the 62 cases, 29 patients underwent anterior approach hepatectomy and 33 did conventional hepatectomy.@*Results@#The overall operative time (t=1.815, P=0.037) and parenchymal transsection time (t=4.591, P=0.000) were longer in the anterior approach group than in the conventional group. More cases got radical resection in the anterior group (χ2=7.280, P=0.007). Log-rank test showed that 1, 3 and 5-year overall survival rate (OS) in the anterior approach group and the conventional group was 86.1%, 50.1%, 32.6% vs 75.8%, 30.3%, 18.9%, respectively (χ2=5.24, P=0.022), 1, 3 and 5-year disease free survival rate (DFS) were 75.3%, 42.1%, 31.0% vs 66.1%, 24.4%, 10.1%, respectively (χ2=4.38, P=0.037), and recurrence rate were 23.6%, 49.5%, 64.8% vs 36.7%, 63.7%, 82.5%, respectively (χ2=5.61, P=0.018).@*Conclusion@#Long term survival of patients with large sized HCC undergoing hepatectomy through the anterior approach combined with liver hanging maneuver is better than that of conventional approach.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791815

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate hepatectomy by anterior approach combined with liver hanging maneuver against conventional right hepatectomy in patients with large hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods Of the 62 cases,29 patients underwent anterior approach hepatectomy and 33 did conventional hepatectomy.Results The overall operative time (t =1.815,P =0.037) and parenchymal transsection time (t =4.591,P=0.000) were longer in the anterior approach group than in the conventional group.More cases got radical resection in the anterior group (x2 =7.280,P =0.007).Log-rank test showed that 1,3 and 5-year overall survival rate (OS) in the anterior approach group and the conventional group was 86.1%,50.1%,32.6% vs 75.8%,30.3%,18.9%,respectively (x2 =5.24,P=0.022),1,3 and 5-year disease free survival rate (DFS) were 75.3%,42.1%,31.0% vs 66.1%,24.4%,10.1%,respectively (x2 =4.38,P =0.037),and recurrence rate were 23.6%,49.5%,64.8% vs 36.7%,63.7%,82.5%,respectively (x2 =5.61,P =0.018).Conclusion Long term survival of patients with large sized HCC undergoing hepatectomy through the anterior approach combined with liver hanging maneuver is better than that of conventional approach.

15.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 2018 Oct; 21(4): 351-362
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-185770

ABSTRACT

The introduction of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) has improved survival rates for patients with end-stage heart failure. Two categories of VADs exist: one generates pulsatile flow and the other produces nonpulsatile continuous flow. Survival is better for patients with continuous-flow LVADs. With improved survival, more of such patients now present for noncardiac surgery (NCS). This review, written for the general anesthesiologists, addresses the perioperative considerations when the patient undergoes NCS. For best outcomes, a multidisciplinary approach is essential in perioperative management of the patient.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806584

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the correlation between circumcision and incidence and clearance of male genital HPV infection.@*Methods@#From May to July 2014, 18-55 year old men who had sexual behavior history were recruited from the general population in Liuzhou, Guangxi to set up a cohort. Totally, 113 circumcised and 560 uncircumcised men were enrolled and interviewed using a questionnaire (including information on demographic characteristics and sexual behaviors), then they were followed-up with 6-month interval for 2 times. On each visit, specimens of male external genitalia were collected and genotyped for HPV DNA. The differences of incidence and clearance of genital HPV infections between circumcised and uncircumcised men were analyzed by Log-rank test. Cox regression was used to analyze the relationship between circumcision and incidence and clearance of HPV infection.@*Results@#The median age (P25, P75) of circumcised and uncircumcised men were 28 (24, 35) and 32 (24, 31), respectively. The incidences of any HPV infections were 9.1 (95%CI: 2.4-15.7) and 8.4 (95% CI: 5.6-11.2) per 1 000 person-months (χ2=0.10, P=0.758), respectively. The clearance of circumcised men [136.3 (95%CI: 70.0-202.7) per 1 000 person-months] was higher than that in uncircumcised men [89.6 (95%CI: 65.9-113.3) per 1 000 person-months] (χ2=8.19, P=0.004). In multivariate COX regression analysis, compared with uncircumcised men, circumcised men had higher possibility to clear any HPV infections (HR: 2.41, 95%CI: 1.30-4.46). Compared with men having one sexual partner, people having more than 4 sexual partners had lower possibility to clear any HPV infections (HR: 0.49, 95%CI: 0.25-0.96). Compared with 18-25 years old men, men aged 26-35 years old had higher possibility to clear high-risk HPV infections (HR: 2.14, 95%CI: 1.08-4.23).@*Conclusion@#Circumcised and uncircumcised men had similar incidence of genital HPV infection, whereas, men conducted circumcision and having fewer sexual partners could increase the clearance of genital HPV infections.

17.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 742-744, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611591

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of preservation of inclined fractured permanent molars by transverse fixation with screw post,and provide a practical method for reserving the inclined fractured permanent molars.Methods Clinical data of 50 patients with inclined fractured permanent molars by transverse fixation with screw post in the Department of Stomatology of Tianjin First Central Hospital between January 2010 to December 2011 were reviewed retrospectively.After fixing the crown with steel-wire binding and root canal treatment,the molars were drilled a hole buccolingually and placed screw post.The flowable light-curing composite resin was used to seal the crack and bond screw post to prevent the relative movement.All treated molars were restored with full crown.All patients were followed up for 10-60 months.The therapeutic effects were observed.Results After 5 year-follow-up,41 cases were cured completely,6 cases were cured clinically,and 3 cases failed treatment.Conclusion The transverse fixation with screw post and bonding technique can preserve the inclined fractured molars to gain chewing function and avoid or reduce the extraction of affected teeth,which provides a better restoration effect.

18.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 722-734, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757383

ABSTRACT

Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is a RNA-binding protein that acts as a tumor suppressor in many cancer types, including colorectal cancer (CRC). During CRC carcinogenesis, PDCD4 protein levels remarkably decrease, but the underlying molecular mechanism for decreased PDCD4 expression is not fully understood. In this study, we performed bioinformatics analysis to identify miRNAs that potentially target PDCD4. We demonstrated miR-181b as a direct regulator of PDCD4. We further showed that activation of IL6/STAT3 signaling pathway increased miR-181b expression and consequently resulted in downregulation of PDCD4 in CRC cells. In addition, we investigated the biological effects of PDCD4 inhibition by miR-181b both in vitro and in vivo and found that miR-181b could promote cell proliferation and migration and suppress apoptosis in CRC cells and accelerate tumor growth in xenograft mice, potentially through targeting PDCD4. Taken together, this study highlights an oncomiR role for miR-181b in regulating PDCD4 in CRC and suggests that miR-181b may be a novel molecular therapeutic target for CRC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Mice , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Caco-2 Cells , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Heterografts , Mice, Nude , Mice, SCID , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Neoplasm Transplantation , RNA, Neoplasm , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
19.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 150-153, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489136

ABSTRACT

Objective To demonstrate the relationship between Cdc20 mutation and the promotion of colon cancer via Cdc20loxp/+ APCmin/+ villin-cre+/-compound mutant mice.Methods Cdc20loxp/+ APCmin/+ villin-cre+/-compound mutant mice and APCmin/+ mutant mice were generated by mice mating strategy.The colon tumors of two group mice were compared by phenotypic analysis and histology analysis.Results Phenotypic analysis showed that the number of tumors in Cdc20loxp/+ APCmin/+ villin-cre+/-compound mutant mice group and APCmin/+ mutant mice group was 1.2±0.5 and 1.6±0.5, respectively (t =0.215, P =0.588), and the maximum diameter of tumors was (2.7±0.3) cm and (2.5±0.2) cm, respectively (t =0.568, P =0.575).Pathologic type of Cdc20loxp/+ APCmin/+ villin-cre+/-compound mutant mice was adenocarcinoma, while that of APCmin/+ mice was tubular adenoma.Conclusion Cdc20 carrying a null allele can accelerate the promotion of colon cancer in APCmin/+ mice without influence on the tumor number and size.

20.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 305-311, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327342

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the suitable transfection condition of human epidermal cells (hECs) with human epidermal growth factor (EGF) gene by adenovirus vector (Ad-hEGF) and its effects on the biological characteristics of hECs.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>hECs were isolated from deprecated human fresh prepuce tissue of circumcision by enzyme digestion method and then sub-cultured. hECs of the third passage were used in the following experiments. (1) Cells were divided into non-transfection group and 5, 20, 50, 100, 150, and 200 fold transfection groups according to the random number table (the same grouping method below), with 3 wells in each group. Cells in non-transfection group were not transfected with Ad-hEGF gene, while cells in the latter six groups were transfected with Ad-hEGF gene in multiplicities of infection (MOI) of 5, 20, 50, 100, 150, and 200 respectively. The morphology of the cells was observed with inverted phase contrast microscope, and expression of green fluorescent protein of the cells was observed with inverted fluorescence microscope at transfection hour (TH) 24, 48, and 72. (2) Another three batches of cells were collected, grouped, and treated as above, respectively. Then the transfection rate of Ad-hEGF gene was detected by flow cytometer (n=3), the mass concentration of EGF in culture supernatant of cells was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (n=6), and the proliferation activity of cells was detected by cell counting kit 8 (CCK8) and microplate reader (n=6) at TH 24, 48, and 72, respectively. (3) Cells were collected and divided into non-transfection group and transfection group, with 6 wells in each group. Cells in non-transfection group were cultured with culture supernatant of cells without transfection, while cells in transfection group were cultured with culture supernatant of cells which were transfected with Ad-hEGF gene in the optimum MOI (50). CCK8 and microplate reader were used to measure the biological activity of EGF secreted by cells on culture day 1, 3, and 5. (4) Cells were collected and divided into non-transfection group and transfection group, with 12 wells in each group. Cells in non-transfection group were not transfected with Ad-hEGF gene, while cells in transfection group were transfected with Ad-hEGF gene in the optimum MOI (50). The expression levels of cytokeratin 14 (CK14) and CK19 of cells were measured by immunofluorescence staining at TH 24. (5) Cells were collected, grouped, and treated as in (4), with 6 wells in each group. At post scratch hour (PSH) 0 (immediately after scratch), 12, 24, and 48, the migration distance of cells was observed and measured with inverted phase contrast microscope. Data were processed with analysis of variance of factorial design, analysis of variance for repeated measurement, and LSD test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) At TH 24 and 48, morphology of cells in each transfection group and non-transfection group were similar. Compared with that in non-transfection group, the cell debris increased significantly in 200 fold transfection group at TH 72. At TH 24, 48, and 72, the expression of green fluorescent protein was not seen in cells of non-transfection group, whereas it increased in cells of transfection group over transfection time. (2) The transfection rate of Ad-hEGF gene of cells in each transfection group increased gradually over transfection time. At TH 72, the transfection rates of Ad-hEGF gene of cells in 50-200 fold transfection groups were all above 90%, while the transfection rates of Ad-hEGF gene of cells in non-transfection group, 5, and 20 fold transfection groups were (0.51±0.20)%, (62.44±6.23)%, and (75.00±5.43)% respectively, which were obviously lower than the rate in 50 fold transfection group [(93.12±2.55)%, with P values below 0.01]. The mass concentration of EGF in culture supernatant of cells in each transfection group increased gradually over transfection time. At TH 72, the mass concentration of EGF in culture supernatant of cells in 50 fold transfection group was obviously higher than that in each of the other groups (with P values below 0.01). The proliferation activity of cells in each group at TH 24 and 48 was similar (with P values above 0.05). At TH 72, the proliferation activity of cells in 200 fold transfection group was obviously lower than that in other groups (with P values below 0.05). (3) On culture day 1, the biological activity of EGF secreted by cells in two groups was similar (P>0.05). On culture day 3 and 5, the biological activity of EGF secreted by cells in transfection group were obviously higher than that in non-transfection group (with P values below 0.01). (4) At TH 24, the expression levels of CK14 and CK19 of cells in transfection group were higher than those in non-transfection group. (5) The width of scratch in two groups was nearly the same at PSH 0. At PSH 12-48, the migration distance of cells in transfection group was obviously longer than that in non-transfection group (with P values below 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The suitable range of MOI of hECs transfected with Ad-hEGF gene is 50-150, and 50 is the optimum. hECs transfected with Ad-hEGF gene with MOI 50 can effectively express the EGF gene and keep its good abilities of proliferation, differentiation, and migration, as well.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adenoviridae , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , EGF Family of Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Epidermis , Cell Biology , Genetic Vectors , Keratins , Metabolism , Transfection
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